Napsal(a) New Christian Bible Study Staff
The first altar mentioned in the Word was built by Noah after he came out of the ark. On that altar, he sacrificed clean animals to the Lord. Mountains represent the Lord becase they are high, and we must raise our thoughts above worldly things when "talking" with the Lord. An altar is a small artificial mountain but when used in worship can call to mind this raising of thought, and the fire and smoke is sent up which symbolically is sent to the Lord. Most altars were made from unhewn stones. Stones represent truths and stones that have not been shaped by men represent truths from the Word, truths that have not been adulterated. The clean beasts represent good things, charitable acts done because they are right, and the clean birds represent thoughts about doctrine and actions, and about what is right. So presenting these things is an acknowledgment that we have them from the Lord, and thank Him for them.
In the Israelitish Tabernacle, the Altar of burnt offering represented the acknowledgment of good and the altar of incense that of truth. For this reason this larger altar, which was outside by the door, was made of brass which signifies natural good, and the altar of incense was made of gold which signifies love to the Lord from whom comes truth.
39. The Lord is called the God of Israel and the God of Jacob. This is apparent from the following:
Moses took the blood, sprinkled it on the people, and said, “This is the blood of the covenant which Jehovah has made with you....” ...and they saw the God of Israel, under whose feet was as it were a work of sapphire stone, and it was like the essence of heaven.... (Exodus 24:8-10)
...the multitude marveled when they saw the mute speaking..., the lame walking, and the blind seeing; and they glorified the God of Israel. (Matthew 15:31)
Blessed be the Lord God of Israel, for He visited and brought deliverance to His people (Israel), when He raised up a horn of our salvation in the house of David.... (Luke 1:68-69)
I will give you the treasures of darkness and the hidden riches of secret places, that you may know that I, Jehovah, who have called you by your name, am the God of Israel. (Isaiah 45:3)
...O house of Jacob..., who swear by the name of Jehovah and...of the God of Israel.... For they are called from the holy city, and rely on the God of Israel, Jehovah of Hosts His name. (Isaiah 48:1-2)
...(Jacob) will see his children..., in his midst they will hallow My name, and hallow the Holy One of Jacob, and fear the God of Israel. (Isaiah 29:23)
...at the end of days...many people shall come and say, “Come, let us go up to the mountain of Jehovah, to the house of the God of Jacob, who will teach us about His ways, that we may walk in His paths.” (Isaiah 2:2-3, Micah 4:1-2)
...that all flesh may know that I am Jehovah, your Savior and your Redeemer, the Mighty One of Jacob. (Isaiah 49:26)
...I, Jehovah, am your Savior and your Redeemer, the Mighty One of Jacob. (Isaiah 60:16)
Give birth, O earth, in the presence of the Lord, in the presence of the God of Jacob.... (Psalms 114:7)
(David) swore to Jehovah, he vowed to the Mighty One of Jacob: “I will not go into the shelter of my house...until I find a place for Jehovah, a dwelling place for the Mighty One of Jacob.” ...we heard of it in Ephrathah (Bethlehem). (Psalms 132:2-3, 5-6)
Blessed be...the God of Israel.... The whole earth will be filled with His glory. (Psalms 72:18-19)
And so on elsewhere where the Lord is called the God of Israel, its Redeemer and Savior, as for example in Luke 1:47, Isaiah 45:15, 54:5, and Psalms 78:35.
In many other places, too, where He is called simply the God of Israel, as in Isaiah 17:6, 21:10, 17, 24:15, 29:23; Jeremiah 7:3, 9:15, 11:3, 13:12, 16:9, 19:3, 15, 23:2, 24:5, 25:15, 27, 29:4, 8, 21, 25, 30:2, 31:23, 32:14-15, 36, 33:4, 34:2, 13, 35:13, 17-19, 37:7, 38:17, 39:16, 42:9, 15, 18, 43:10, 44:2, 7, 11, 25, 48:1, 50:18, 51:33; Ezekiel 8:4, 9:3, 10:19-20, 11:22, 43:2, 44:2; Zephaniah 2:9; Psalms 41:13, 59:5, 68:8.
Published by the General Church of the New Jerusalem, 1100 Cathedral Road, Bryn Athyn, Pennsylvania 19009, U.S.A. A translation of Doctrina Novae Hierosolymae de Domino, by Emanuel Swedenborg, 1688-1772. Translated from the Original Latin by N. Bruce Rogers. ISBN 9780945003687, Library of Congress Control Number: 2013954074.