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Daniel 9

Myanmar/Burmese: Judson (1835)     

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1 ယေရုရှလင်မြို့ပျက်စီး၍ အနှစ်ခုနစ်ဆယ် လွန် စေမည်ဟု၊

2 ထာဝရဘုရား၏ ဗျာဒိတ်တော်ကို ပရောဖက် ယေရမိ ခံဘူးသည်ဖြစ်၍၊ ခါလာဒဲနိုင်ငံကို အစိုးရသော မေဒိအမျိုး၊ အာရွှေရုသားဒါရိနန်းစံပဌမနှစ်တွင်၊ ငါ ဒံယေလသည် ထိုနှစ်ပေါင်းအရေအတွက်ကို ကျမ်းစာ အားဖြင့် သိရသောကြောင့်၊

3 အစာကိုရှောင်လျက်၊ လျှော်တေအဝတ်ကို ဝတ် လျက်၊ ပြာနှင့်လူးလျက်၊ အရှင်ဘုရားသခင့်ထံတော်သို့ ချဉ်းကပ်၍ ဆုတောင်းပဌနာပြု၏။

4 ထိုသို့ အပြစ်ကို ဘော်ပြတောင်းပန်၍ ငါ ကိုးကွယ်သော ဘုရားသခင် ထာဝရဘုရားထံ ငါပြုသော ပဌနာဟူမူကား၊ ကိုယ်တော်ကိုချစ်၍ ပညတ်တော်တို့ကို စောင့်သော သူတို့အား သစ္စာတော်မပျက်၊ ကရုဏာ တရားကိုစောင့်တော် မူထသော၊ အလွန်ကြီးမြတ်၍ ကြောက်ရွံ့ဘွယ်ဖြစ်တော်မူသော အရှင်ဘုရားသခင်၊

5 ကျွန်ုပ်တို့သည် ပြစ်မှားမိပါပြီ။ ဒုစရိုကကို ပြုမိ ပါပြီ။ မတရားသဖြင့် ကျင့်မိပါပြီ။ ပုန်ကန်မိပါပြီ။ စီရင် ထုံးဖွဲ့တော်မူသော တရားလမ်းမှ လွှဲမိပါပြီ။

6 ကျွန်ုပ်တို့၏ရှင်ဘုရင်၊ မင်းသား အသက်ကြီး သူမှစ၍ ပြည်သူပြည်သားအပေါင်းတို့အား ကိုယ်တော်၏ ကျွန်၊ ပရောဖက်တို့၏စကားများကို အကျွန်ုပ်တို့သည် နား မထောင်ပဲနေကြပါပြီ။

7 အိုဘုရားရှင်၊ ကိုယ်တော်သည် တရားနှင့် ဆိုင် တော်မူ၏။ ကိုယ်တော်ကို ပြစ်မှားသောအပြစ်ကြောင့် နှင်ထုတ်တော်မူ၍ နီးသောပြည်၊ ဝေးသောပြည်၊ အရပ် ရပ်တို့၌နေရသော ယုဒပြည်သူ၊ ယေရုရှလင်မြို့သားမှ စ၍ ဣသရေလလူအပေါင်းတည်းဟူသော အကျွန်ုပ်တို့ သည် ယနေ့၌ရှိသည်အတိုင်း၊ မျက်နှာပျက်ခြင်းနှင့် ဆိုင်ကြပါ၏။

8 အိုဘုရားရှင်၊ ကိုယ်တော်ကို ပြစ်မှားသော ကြောင့်၊ အကျွန်ုပ်တို့၏ရှင်ဘုရင်၊ မင်းသား၊ အသက်ကြီး သူမှစ၍ အကျွန်ုပ်တို့သည် မျက်နှာပျက်ခြင်းနှင့် ဆိုင်ကြ ပါ၏။

9 အကျွန်ုပ်တို့သည် ကိုယ်တော်ကို ပုန်ကန်သော် လည်း၊ အကျွန်ုပ်တို့အရှင်ဘုရားသခင်သည် ကရုဏာကို ပြခြင်း၊ အပြစ်ကို ဖြေရှင်းခြင်းအခွင့်နှင့် ဆိုင်တော်မူ၏။

10 ကျွန်ုပ်တို့၏ ဘုရားသခင်ထာဝရဘုရားသည် ကျွန်တော်ရင်း၊ ပရောဖက်တို့ဖြင့် အကျွန်ုပ်တို့၌ ထားတော် မူသော ပညတ်တရားတော်လမ်းသို့ လိုက်ခြင်းငှါ၊ ဗျာဒိတ် တော်အသံကို အကျွန်ုပ်တို့သည်နားမထောင်ဘဲ နေကြ ပါပြီ။

11 အကယ်စင်စစ် ဣသရေလအမျိုးသားအပေါင်းတို့ သည် ဗျာဒိတ်တော်အသံကို နားမထောင်၊ လွှဲသွား၍ ပညတ်တရားတော်ကို လွန်ကျူးကြပါပြီ။ သို့ဖြစ်၍၊ ကိုယ်တော်ကို ပြစ်မှားသော အပြစ်ကြောင့်၊ ကျိန်ဆိုတော် မူခြင်းတည်းဟူသော ဘုရားသခင်၏ ကျွန်မောရှေ၏ ပညတ္တိကျမ်း၌ မှတ်သားသော အကျိန်ကို အကျွန်ုပ်တို့ အပေါ်သို့ သွန်းလောင်းတော်မူ၏။

12 အကျွန်ုပ်တို့တဘက်၊ အကျွန်ုပ်တို့ကို အုပ်သော တရားသူကြီးတို့ တဘက်၌ မိန့်တော်မူသော စကားတော် ကို တည်စေ၍၊ အကျွန်ုပ်တို့အပေါ်မှာ ကြီးစွာသော ဘေး ဥပဒ်ကို ရောက်စေတော်မူပြီ။ အကြောင်းမူကား၊ ယေရု ရှလင်မြို့၌ ဘေးရောက်သကဲ့သို့ ကောင်းကင်အောက် တွင် အဘယ်အရပ်၌မျှ မရောက်စဖူးပါ။

13 မောရှေ၏ ပညတ္တိကျမ်းစာ၌ မှတ်သားသည် အတိုင်း၊ ဤဘေးဥပဒ်ရှိသမျှသည် အကျွန်ုပ်တို့အပေါ်မှာ ရောက်ပါပြီ။ အကျွန်ုပ်တို့သည် ဒုစရိုက်များကိုရှောင်၍ သမ္မာတရားတော်ကို နားလည်ခြင်းအလိုငှါ၊ အကျွန်ုပ်တို့ ဘုရားသခင်ထာဝရဘုရားထံတော်၌ မတောင်းပန်ဘဲ နေကြပါပြီတကား။

14 ထို့ကြောင့် ထာဝရဘုရားသည် ဘေးဥပဒ်ကို စောင့်၍ အကျွန်ုပ်တို့၏ ဘုရားသခင်ထာဝရဘုရားသည် ပြုတော်မူသမျှတို့၌ ဖြောင့်မတ်တော်မူ၏။ အကျွန်ုပ်တို့ သည် ဗျာဒိတ်တော်အသံကို နားမထောင်ဘဲ နေကြပါပြီ တကား။

15 တန်ခိုးကြီးသောလက်တော်ဖြင့် ကိုယ်တော်၏ လူတို့ကို အဲဂုတ္တုပြည်မှ နှုတ်ဆောင်၍ ယနေ့၌ရှိသည် အတိုင်း အသရေတော်ကို ထင်ရှားစေတော်မူသော အကျွန်ုပ်တို့၏ အရှင်ဘုရားသခင်၊ အကျွန်ုပ်တို့သည် ပြစ်မှားမိပါပြီ။ မတရားသဖြင့်ပြုမိပါပြီ။

16 အိုဘုရားရှင်၊ ဖြောင့်မတ်တော်မူခြင်း တရား တော်ရှိသမျှတို့နှင့်အညီ၊ သန့်ရှင်းသော တောင်တော် တည်းဟူသော ကိုယ်တော်၏ ယေရုရှလင်မြို့မှ ပြင်းစွာ သော ဒေါသမျက်တော်ကို လွှဲတော်မူပါဟု အကျွန်ုပ် တောင်းပန်ပါ၏။ အကြောင်းမူကား၊ အကျွန်ုပ်တို့ အပြစ် များမှစ၍ ဘိုးဘေးတို့၏ အပြစ်များကြောင့်၊ ယေရုရှလင် မြို့နှင့် ကိုယ်တော်၏လူစုသည် ပတ်ဝန်းကျင်၌ရှိသော သူတို့တွင် ကဲ့ရဲ့စရာအကြောင်း ဖြစ်ပါ၏။

17 ယခုမူကား၊ အကျွန်ုပ်တို့ဘုရားသခင်၊ ကိုယ် တော်၏ ကျွန်ပြုသော ပဌနာစကားကို နားထောင်တော် မူပါ။ ဆိတ်ညံလျက်ရှိသော သန့်ရှင်းရာဌာနတော်ကို ဘုရားရှင်၏ အကျိုးတော်ကြောင့်၊ မျက်နှာတော် ရောင်ခြည်ကို ထွန်းလင်းစေတော်မူပါ။

18 ကျွန်ုပ်၏ဘုရားသခင်၊ နားတော်ကိုလှည့်၍ နားထောင်တော်မူပါ။ မျက်စိတော်ကိုဖွင့်၍ အကျွန်ုပ်တို့ ပျက်စီးရာများကို၎င်း၊ နာမတော်ဖြင့် သမုတ်သောမြို့ကို ၎င်းကြည့်ရှုတော်မူပါ။ အကျွန်ုပ်တို့သည် ကိုယ်ကုသိုလ်ကို အမှီမပြု၊ မဟာကရုဏာတော်ကိုသာ အမှီပြု၍ ပဌနာ စကားကို ရှေ့တော်၌ ဆက်ကပ်ပါ၏။

19 အိုဘုရားရှင်၊ နားထောင်တော်မူပါ။ အိုဘုရား ရှင်၊ နားထောင်၍ ပြုတော်မူပါ။ အိုဘုရားရှင် နားထောင် ၍ပြုတော်မူပါ။ အကျွန်ုပ်၏ဘုရားသခင်၊ ကိုယ်တော် အတွက် ဖင့်နွှဲတော်မမူပါနှင့်။ ကိုယ်တော်၏ လူစုသည် နာမတော်ဖြင့် သမုတ်ခြင်းရှိပါသည်ဟု ဆုတောင်းပဌနာ ပြု၏။

20 ထိုသို့ဆုတောင်းပဌနာပြု၍၊ ကိုယ်အပြစ်ကို၎င်း၊ အမျိုးသားချင်း ဣသရေလလူတို့၏ အပြစ်ကို၎င်း ဘော်ပြတောင်းပန်၍၊ ငါကိုးကွယ်သော ဘုရားသခင်၏ သန့်ရှင်းသော တောင်တော်အဘို့ ငါပြုသော ပဌနာ စကားကို၊ ငါ၏ဘုရားသခင်ထာဝရဘုရားရှေ့တော်၌ ဆက်ကပ် လျက်နေ၍၊

21 ဆုတောင်းသော အမှုမပြီးမှီ မြွက်ဆိုစဉ်တွင် ယခင်ဗျာဒိတ် ရူပါရုံ၌ ထင်ရှားသောသူ၊ ဂါဗေလသည် လျင်မြန်စွာ ပျံ၍လာသဖြင့် ညဦးယံ ပူဇော်ချိန်၌ ရှိရာသို့ ရောက်၍

22 နှုတ်ဆက်လျက်၊ အချင်းဒံယေလ၊ ငါသည် သင် ၌ ဥာဏ်ပညာတိုးပွားစေမည်အကြောင်း ထွက်လာပြီ။

23 သင်သည် ဆုတောင်းစပြုသောအခါ အမိန့် တော်ရှိသည်ဖြစ်၍ သင့်အားကြားပြောခြင်းငှါ ငါရောက် လာပြီ။ သင်သည် အလွန်ချစ်အပ်သောသူဖြစ်၏။ ထိုကြောင့် ဗျာဒိတ်တော်အချက်ကို ဆင်ခြင်၍ နားလည် ရသော အခွင့်ရှိ၏။

24 လွန်ကျူးခြင်းအမှုကို ဆီးတား၍ အပြစ်ကို တံဆိပ်ခတ်စေခြင်းငှါ၎င်း၊ ဒုစရိုက်အပြစ်ကို ဖြေရှင်း ထာဝရကုသိုလ်ကို သွင်းစေခြင်းငှါ၎င်း ဗျာဒိတ်ရူပါရုံနှင့် အနာဂတ္တိဗျာဒိတ်တော်တို့ကို တံဆိပ်ခတ်၍၊ အလွန် သန့်ရှင်းသော အရပ်ဌာနကိုလိမ်းစေခြင်းငှါ၎င်း၊ သိတင်း ခုနစ်ဆယ်ကို သင်၏ အမျိုးသားချင်းအဘို့နှင့် သင်၏ သန့်ရှင်းသောမြို့အဘို့ ဆုံးဖြတ်ခြင်းရှိ၏။

25 ထိုကြောင့်၊ ယေရုရှလင်မြို့ကိုတဖန် တည်ထောင်ပြုစုစေခြင်းငှါ အမိန့်တော်ရှိသည် နေ့မှစ၍ ခရစ်တော်သခင်၏ လက်ထပ်တိုင်အောင် ခုနစ်သိတင်းနှင့် ခြောက်ဆယ်နှစ်သိတင်း ကြာလိမ့်မည်ဟု သိမှတ်နားလည်လော့။ အနှောင့်အရှက် ခံရသောကာလ၌ မြို့လမ်းကို တဖန် တည်ထောင်ပြုစုရမည်ဟု စီရင်ဆုံးဖြတ်ခြင်းရှိ၏။

26 ထိုသိတင်းခြောက်ဆယ်နှစ်သိတင်းလွန်ပြီးမှ ခရစ်တော်သည် အခွင့်မရဘဲအသေသတ်ခြင်းကို ခံရလိမ့် မည်။ ထိုနောက်မှလာသော သခင်၏ လူတို့သည် မြို့တော်ကို၎င်း၊ သန့်ရှင်းရာဌာနကို၎င်း ဖြိုဖျက်ကြလိမ့် မည်။ ရေ လွှမ်းမိုးသော အားဖြင့် ဆုံးရှုံးခြင်းဖြစ်လိမ့်မည်။ အဆုံးတိုင်အောင် စစ်တိုက်ခြင်း၊ ပျက်စီးရာနှင့်ဆိုင်သော စီရင်ဆုံးဖြတ်ခြင်းရှိလိမ့်မည်။

27 တသိတင်းတွင် လူအများတို့နှင့် ပဋိညာဉ် ဖွဲ့ခြင်းရှိ၍ ထိုသိတင်းတဝက်တွင် ယဇ်ပူဇော်ခြင်းနှင့် ဆက်ကပ်ခြင်းကို ပပျောက်စေလိမ့်မည်။ ရွံ့ရှာဘွယ် သောအရာ၏ အထွဋ်ပေါ်သို့ ဖျက်ဆီးသော သူသည် ရောက်၍ စီရင်ဆုံးဖြတ်သော သုတ်သင်ပယ်ရှင်းခြင်း သည် ပျက်စီးအပ်သော သူတို့ကို မလွှမ်းမိုးမှီတိုင်အောင် ထိုသို့ဖြစ်လိမ့်မည်ဟု ကြားပြော၏။

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Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

Apocalypse Revealed 548

Conjugial Love 26

Heaven and Hell 171

The Inner Meaning of the Prophets and Psalms 180


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcana Coelestia 395, 411, 622, 728, 988, 1857, 2025, ...

Apocalypse Revealed 3, 36, 492, 501, 658, 662, 757, ...

A Brief Exposition of New Church Doctrine 100

Divine Providence 134, 328

Doctrine of the Lord 6, 52, 64

True Christian Religion 157, 179, 181, 378, 755, 758, 761, ...


References from Swedenborg's unpublished works:

Apocalypse Explained 83, 204, 315, 375, 397, 405, 409, ...

On the Athanasian Creed 157

Coronis (An Appendix to True Christian Religion) 34

Scriptural Confirmations 4, 38

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Word/Phrase Explanations

ဘုရား
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

ယေရမိ
Jeremiah, in the Book of Jeremiah 1:1 and what follows, represents the Lord. (Arcana Coelestia 2838 [2]). In Jeremiah 13:7, he signifies the state of...

နန်းစံ
To reign,' as in Revelation 5, signifies being in truths and goods, and so in power, from the Lord, to resist evils and falsities which...

လျှော်တေအဝတ်ကို
'Being clothed in sackcloth' signifies lamentation because of the devastation of truth in the church. 'Sackcloth,' as in Revelation 6:12, relates to destroyed good.

ဘုရားသခ
The Lord is love itself, expressed in the form of wisdom itself. Love, then, is His essence, His inmost. Wisdom - the loving understanding of...

ပညတ်တော်
To command is to give an order that something must be done, and is directed to an individual, or a group. It is an imperative,...

ကရုဏာ
To some degree, there really is no spiritual meaning to the word “love” in the Bible. Why? Because if you truly love another, that is...

ပုန်ကန်
'Rebel,' as in Genesis 14:4, relates to evils pertaining to a person, or to evil spirits, when they begin to arise and infest, after they...

စီရင်
Judgement' pertains to the Lord's divine human and holy proceeding. Judgment' has two sides, a principle of good, and a principle of truth. The faithful...

ကျွန်
“Servant” literally means “a person who serves another,"" and its meaning is similar in reference to the spiritual meaninngs of the Bible. Our lives in...

မင်းသား
Captains and Rulers (Jer. 51:23) signifies principal evils and falsities. Captains and Rulers (Ezek 33:6) signifies principal truths. See Chief Captains.

ပြည်
Generally in the Bible a "country" means a political subdivision ruled by a king, or sometimes a tribe with a territory ruled by a king...

စကား
Like "say," the word "speak" refers to thoughts and feelings moving from our more internal spiritual levels to our more external ones – and ultimately...

နေ
'To tarry,' as in Genesis 27:44, signifies almost the same thing as 'to dwell,' except that 'to tarry' relates to the life of truth with...

ယုဒ
City of Judah,' as in Isaiah 40:9, signifies the doctrine of love towards the Lord and love towards our neighbor in its whole extent.

ယေရုရှလင်မြို့
Jerusalem first comes to or attention in II Samuel, chapter 5 where King David takes it from the Jebusites and makes it his capital. In...

လူ
The relationship between men and women is deep and nuanced, and one entire book of the Writings – Conjugial Love or Love in Marriage –...

နေ့
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

မျက်နှာ
“The eyes are the windows of the soul.” That’s a sentiment with roots somewhere in murky antiquity, but one that has become hopelessly cliché because...

လမ်း
These days we tend to think of "roads" as smooth swaths of pavement, and judge them by how fast we can drive cars on them....

အသံ
'Voice' signifies what is announced from the Word. 'Voice' often refers and is applied to things that cannot have a voice, as in Exodus 4,...

တရားသူကြီး
It’s easy to see the connection between judging and truth. In a court of law, the judge’s whole purpose is to find the truth. In...

ကောင်းကင်
Heavens are celestial and spiritual things. Consequently, they are inmost things, both of the Lord's kingdom in heaven the and in the earth. This also...

လက်
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

ဖြောင့်မတ်
'Justice' signifies both good and truth.

တောင်
'Hills' signify the good of charity.

မြို့
Cities of the mountain and cities of the plain (Jer. 33:13) signify doctrines of charity and faith.

ဒေါသ
Fury is a receding from good, and anger is a receding from truth.

ပြ
'Shew' signifies instruction to the life.

နားထောင်
'To hearken to father and mother,' as mentioned in Genesis 28:7, signifies obedience from affection. 'To hearken,' as mentioned in Genesis 30:22, signifies providence. See...

ထွန်းလင်း
“Light” in the Bible represents divine truth, ideas which pour out to us from the Lord’s infinite love. It makes sense, then, that when something...

ကျ
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "fall" is highly dependent on context in regular language, and is highly dependent on context in a spiritual...

မျက်စိ
It’s common to say “I see” when we understand something. And indeed, “seeing” in the Bible represents grasping and understanding spiritual things. So it makes...

ရူပါရုံ
Vision is the innermost revelation, which is of perception. Visions are according to the state of humankind. The visions of people whose interiors are closed,...

လာ
Coming (Gen. 41:14) denotes communication by influx.

လာပြီ
As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “come” in the Bible is highly dependent on context – its meaning is determined largely by...

လွန်ကျူး
In the Word three terms are used to mean bad things that are done. These three are transgression, iniquity, and sin, and they are here...

ထာဝရ
'Perpetual' in the literal sense, means to the end of one’s life, after death, and eternity.

ရုံ
He is said to be 'just' in a spiritual sense, who lives according to divine laws. They on the right hand being called 'just,' as...

ခုနစ်ဆ
The number 'seven' was considered holy, as is well known, because of the six days of creation, and the seventh, which is the celestial self,...

သိ
Like so many common verbs, the meaning of "know" in the Bible is varied and dependent on context. And in some cases – when it...

ခြောက်ဆယ်
'Sixty' means the full time and state of the implantation of truth.

နှစ်
The number "two" has two different meanings in the Bible. In most cases "two" indicates a joining together or unification. This is easy to see...

နောက်မှ
Behind, or after, (Gen. 16:13), signifies within or above, or an interior or superior principle.

မြို့တော်
In the ancient world cities were very nearly nations unto themselves – they existed within walls, with their own laws and customs, generally centered on...

စစ်
War in the Word represents the combat of temptation when what is good is assaulted by what is evil or false. The evil that attacks...

တဝက်
Half and double in reference to numbers in the world have a similar signification as the numbers themselves.

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Psalms 130:4

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4 ကိုယ်တော်ကို ကြောက်ရွံ့စရာအကြောင်း ရှိစေ ခြင်းငှါ၊ အပြစ်လွှတ်ခြင်းအခွင့်ကို ပိုင်တော်မူ၏။

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Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

The Inner Meaning of the Prophets and Psalms 380


Další odkazy Swedenborga k tomuto verši:

A Brief Exposition of New Church Doctrine 100

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Exodus 34:7

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Apocalypse Explained # 637

Apocalypse Explained (Whitehead translation)      

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637. Clothed in sackcloth, signifies in mourning because of the non-reception of Divine good and Divine truth. This is evident from the signification of "clothed in sackcloth," as being mourning because of the vastation and desolation of Divine good and Divine truth, here because of their non-reception; for the witnesses were seen clothed in sackcloth, and they signify the Divine good, from which is every good of love and charity, and the Divine truth, from which is every truth of doctrine and faith; these appear to be in mourning when they are not received, but in joy when they are received.

(Odkazy: Revelation 11:3)


[2] Likewise it is said of the sun and moon, which also signify the good of love and the truth of faith, that:

The sun became black as sackcloth of hair, and the moon became as blood (Revelation 6:12),

which signifies that every good of love was separated, and every truth of faith falsified (see above, n. 401; not that the sun in the angelic heaven, which is the Lord, ever becomes black, but that it so appears to those who receive no light from it.

(Odkazy: The Apocalypse Explained 401)


[3] In ancient times, when the externals of the church consisted of mere correspondences and thence of representatives of things spiritual, mourning was represented by many things that are significative; as by sitting and lying on the ground, rolling themselves in the dust, by putting ashes on the head, rending the garments, and putting on sackcloth. "Rending the garments and putting on sackcloth" signified mourning because of the desolation of truth and good in the church, and because of the nonreception of them; for "garments" in general signified the truths of the church (see above, n. 64, 65, 195, 271, 395, 475, 476); therefore "rending the garments" signified grief because the truths of the church are hurt and as it were rent asunder by falsities; and "to be clothed in sackcloth" signifies mourning because of the deprivation of good and truth, and the consequent vastation of the church.

(Odkazy: The Apocalypse Explained 64-65, 195, 271, 395, The Apocalypse Explained 475-476)


[4] For this reason:

When Hezekiah the king heard the words of Tartan the captain of the king of Assyria, he rent his clothes and covered himself with sackcloth, and came to the house of Jehovah; and he sent Eliakim who was over the house, and Shebna the scribe, and the elders of the priests, covered with sackcloth, to Isaiah (2 Kings 19:1, 2; Isaiah 37:1, 2).

This was done because the "king of Assyria" here signifies the perverted rational, or the rational that perverts the truths and goods of the church and destroys them by falsities; all the words of Tartan the captain of the king of Assyria, involve such things; and because the desolation and vastation of the church was seen to be imminent, to exhibit mourning and grief on this account they rent their garments and covered themselves with sackcloth.

(Odkazy: 2 Kings 19:1-2; Isaiah 37:1-2)


[5] Likewise:

When Benhadad the king of Syria besieged Samaria, and there came a great famine, the king rent his clothes, and as he passed by upon the wall the people saw that, behold, sackcloth was upon his flesh within (2 Kings 6:30).

This has a similar signification as above, namely, the imminent desolation and devastation of the church; for this reason the king rent his garments and had sackcloth upon his flesh, which was a representative sign of mourning and grief.

[6] Mourning for like reasons is signified also by the following:

Jacob, when he believed that Joseph was torn to pieces, rent his clothes, and put sackcloth upon his loins, and mourned for his son many days (Genesis 37:34).

So when Ahab, by the advice of Jezebel his wife, had taken away the vineyard of Naboth, and had heard the hard words of the prophet respecting that matter, he rent his clothes and put sackcloth upon his flesh, and fasted, yea, he lay in sackcloth, and went softly (1 Kings 21:27).

The king of Nineveh also, when he heard the words of Jonah, arose up from his throne, and laid his robe from him and covered him with sackcloth, and sat upon ashes, and proclaimed a fast, and that man and beast should be covered with sackcloth (Jonah 3:5, 6, 8).

So also Daniel set his face to the Lord God, to seek by supplication and prayer in fasting, sackcloth, and ashes (Daniel 9:3).

When Abner was slain, David said to Joab and to all the people that were with him, that they should rend their clothes and gird them with sackcloth, and mourn before Abner; and David himself walked behind the bier (2 Samuel 3:31).

This makes clear that in the Jewish and Israelitish church mourning was represented by "rending the clothes and being clothed in sackcloth;" and this because grief of mind and mourning of heart, which were interior things, were represented at that time by external things, which because of their correspondences with spiritual things were significative.

(Odkazy: Jonah 3:5-6, 3:5-8)


[7] That the representation of mourning by sackcloth signified especially mourning because of the desolation of truth and vastation of good in the church, and also, in particular, repentance, with mourning of heart on account of evils, can be seen further from the following passages. In Isaiah:

In that day will the Lord Jehovih of hosts call to weeping and to lamenting, and to baldness, and to girding on sackcloth (Isaiah 22:12).

This chapter treats of the vastation of the church in respect to Divine truth; its mourning is described by "baldness" and by "putting on sackcloth."

[8] In Jeremiah:

The lion is gone up from the thicket, and the destroyer of nations journeyeth; he hath gone forth out of his place to make the land a waste; thy cities shall be destroyed, that there shall be no inhabitant; for this gird ye with sackcloth, lament, howl (Jeremiah 4:7, 8).

"The lion from the thicket" signifies the falsity of evil destroying the truths of the church; and "the destroyer of nations" signifies the evil of falsity destroying the good of the church; the "land that they will make a waste" signifies the church, and the "cities that shall be destroyed" signify the truths of doctrine; "to gird with sackcloth" signifies mourning on this account, therefore it is added "lament and howl."

(Odkazy: Jeremiah 4:7-8)


[9] In the same:

O daughter of My people, gird thee with sackcloth and roll thee in ashes; make thee mourning for an only one, a lamentation of bitterness, for the waster shall suddenly come upon us (Jeremiah 6:26).

"Daughter of the people" means the church; "to gird herself with sackcloth and roll herself in ashes" signifies mourning because of the destruction of the good and truth of the church; the destruction of these or the vastation of the church is meant by "the waster shall suddenly come." Evidently grievous mourning and grief because of the destruction of good and truth is signified by "gird thee with sackcloth and roll thee in ashes," for it is added "make thee mourning for an only one, a lamentation of bitterness."

[10] In the same:

Howl, O Heshbon, for Ai is devastated; cry out, ye daughters of Rabbah; gird ye with sackcloth, lament, and wander among the walls; for their king is gone into exile, his priests and princes together (Jeremiah 49:3).

This is said of the sons of Ammon, who signify such as are in natural good and falsify the truths of the church; those who are such in the church are meant by "the daughters of Rabbah;" mourning because of the destruction of truth by falsifications is signified by "Gird ye with sackcloth, lament, wander among the walls," "walls" signifying truths falsified; that the truth of the church perished in consequence is signified by "their king is gone into exile," "king" signifying the truth of the church, and "to go into exile" signifying to be destroyed. That the goods of the church and all truths therefrom likewise perished, is signified by "priests and princes together," "priests" signifying the goods of the church, and "princes" the truths therefrom.

[11] In Lamentations:

The elders of the daughter of Zion sit upon the earth, they keep silence, they have cast up dust upon their head, they have girded themselves with sackcloth; the virgins of Jerusalem bend their head down to the earth (Lamentations 2:10).

"To sit upon the earth," "to keep silence," "to cast up dust upon the head," and "to make the head to bend down to the earth," were all signs representative of mourning and grief because of the vastation of the church by evils and falsities. "The elders of the daughter of Zion" signify those that are wise and intelligent in the church, and in an abstract sense wisdom and intelligence; "daughters of Zion and the virgins of Jerusalem" signify those in the church who are in the affection of good and truth, and in an abstract sense these affections themselves.

[12] In Ezekiel:

The shipmasters shall make themselves bald for thee, and gird them with sackcloth, and they shall weep over thee in bitterness of soul, with bitter lamentation (Ezekiel 27:31).

This is said of Tyre, which signifies the church in respect to the knowledges of truth and good, and therefore also the knowledges of truth and good which belong to the church; here mourning on account of the destruction of these is described. "Shipmasters" signify all who bring and communicate these knowledges; "to make bald" signifies mourning on account of the destruction of all things of intelligence; "to gird with sackcloth" signifies mourning because the ability to know truth is also destroyed. Because mourning is what is described, it is added, "they shall weep over thee in bitterness of soul, with bitter lamentation. "

[13] In the Gospels:

Woe unto thee Chorazin, woe unto thee Bethsaida, for if the mighty works had been done in Tyre and Sidon which have been done in you, they would have repented long ago in sackcloth and ashes (Matthew 11:21; Luke 10:13).

"To repent in sackcloth and ashes" means to grieve and mourn because of the nonreception of Divine truth, and because of the falsities and evils that obstruct.

[14] In Joel:

Howl as a virgin girded with sackcloth for the bridegroom of her youth; gird ye and lament, ye priests; howl, ye ministers of the altar; come, pass the night in sackcloth, ye ministers of my God, for the meal offering and the drink offering are withholden from the house of your God (Joel 1:8, 13).

Here "to be girded with sackcloth" and "to pass the night in sackcloth" signify mourning because the good and truth of the church are destroyed, for the "meal offering" signifies the good of the church, and the "drink offering" its truth.

[15] In Amos:

I will bring up sackcloth upon all loins, and baldness upon every head, and I will make it as a mourning for an only one, and its latter end as a bitter day (Amos 8:10).

"Sackcloth upon the loins" signifies mourning because the good of love is destroyed, for this is signified by the "loins;" and "baldness upon the head" signifies mourning because the understanding of truth is destroyed.

[16] In Isaiah:

Upon all the heads of Moab is baldness, every beard shaven; in its streets they have girded themselves with sackcloth; upon its roofs and in its streets he shall howl, flowing down in weeping (Isaiah 15:2, 3).

In Jeremiah:

Every head baldness, and every beard shaven; upon all hands gashes, and upon the loins sackcloth; upon all the roofs of Moab and in its streets mourning everywhere (Jeremiah 48:37, 38).

"Moab" signifies those who are in natural good and who adulterate the goods of the church; that such have no understanding of truth or knowledge of truth is signified by "upon all the heads of Moab baldness, and every beard shaven," also by "upon its roofs and in its streets he shall howl" and "there shall be mourning;" "upon all hands gashes" signifies things falsified; mourning because of these things is signified by "to gird with sackcloth," and "to howl," and "to flow down in weeping."

(Odkazy: Isaiah 15:2-3; Jeremiah 48:37-38)


[17] In Isaiah:

It shall come to pass in place of spices there shall be rottenness, and in place of a girdle tatters, and in place of braided work baldness, and in place of a robe a girding of sackcloth, in place of beauty burning; thy men shall fall by the sword, and thy might in the war (Isaiah 3:24, 25).

This is said of "the daughters of Zion," by whom the church in respect to the affections of celestial good is signified, therefore "the daughters of Zion" signify the affections of good that belong to the celestial church. The loss and dissipation of these through the pride of self-intelligence is here described by the various things with which these daughters adorn themselves; the change of these affections into opposite and unbeautiful affections is signified by "in place of spices there shall be rottenness, in place of a girdle tatters, in place of braided work baldness, in place of a robe a girding of sackcloth, and in place of beauty burning;" "rottenness" signifies the vital perishing; "in place of a girdle tatters" signifies the dissipation of perceptions of truth instead of their union; "in place of braided work baldness" signifies imbecility instead of knowledge [scientia]; "in place of beauty burning" signifies foolishness instead of intelligence, "burning" signifying insanity from the pride of self-intelligence, which is foolishness, and "beauty" signifying intelligence. That the truths of the understanding will perish by falsities, even till there is no resistance against evils, is signified by "thy men shall fall by the sword and thy might in the war," "sword" meaning falsity destroying the truth.

(Odkazy: Isaiah 3:24-25)


[18] "Sackcloth" has a similar meaning in the following passages. In Ezekiel:

All hands are relaxed, all knees go into waters, whence they shall gird themselves with sackcloth, and terror shall cover them, and upon all faces shall be shame, and upon all heads baldness (Ezekiel 7:17, 18).

In David:

I, when they were sick, made sackcloth my vesture, I afflicted my soul with hunger (Psalms 35:13).

When I wept in the fast of my soul it became to me a reproach; when I made sackcloth my garment I became a byword to them (Psalms 69:10, 11).

In Job:

I have sewed sackcloth upon my skin, and have put my horn in the dust; my face has been soiled by weeping (Job 16:15, 16).

In Isaiah:

I clothe the heavens with blackness, and I make sackcloth their covering (Isaiah 50:3).

And in David:

Thou hast turned for me my mourning into dancing, thou hast loosed my sackcloth and hast girded me with joy (Psalms 30:11).

In these passages, too, "sackcloth" signifies mourning; and "to gird sackcloth over the body instead of the vesture" signifies mourning because of the destruction of the truth of the church; and "to gird sackcloth upon the loins and upon the flesh" signifies mourning because of the destruction of the good of the church; for "the vesture" signifies the truth of the church, and "loins and flesh" signify the good of the church.

(Odkazy: Acts of the Apostles 16:15-16; Ezekiel 7:17-18; Job 16:15-16; Psalms 69:10-11)


[19] That "girding with sackcloth" was merely representative and thus significative of mourning and repentance, but was not in itself mourning and repentance, is evident in Isaiah:

Is such the fast that I shall choose, the day for a man to afflict his soul, to bow down his head as a rush, and to lie down in sackcloth and ashes; wilt thou call this a fast, and the day of Jehovah's good pleasure? Is not this the fast that I choose, to loose the bonds of wickedness, to break thy bread to the hungry, and to bring the afflicted exiles to the home, and when thou seest the naked that thou cover him? (Isaiah 58:5-7)

And in Joel:

Turn ye back unto me with your whole heart, and in fasting and in weeping and in lamentation, and rend your heart and not your garments (Joel 2:12, 13).

(Odkazy: Joel 2:12-13; Jonah 3:5-8; Revelation 11:3)

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From Swedenborg's Works

References from Swedenborg's unpublished works:

Apocalypse Explained 634, 717, 820, 951, 1007

Other New Christian Commentary

Thanks to the Swedenborg Foundation for their permission to use this translation.


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