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Amos 4

Myanmar/Burmese: Judson (1835)     

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1 ဆင်းရဲသောသူတို့ကို ညှဉ်းဆဲလျက်၊ ငတ်မွတ်သောသူတို့ကိုနှိပ်စက်လျက်၊ မိမိသခင်တို့အား ငါတို့ သောက်ဘို့ယူခဲ့ကြဟုဆိုတတ်လျက်၊ ရှမာရိတောင်ပေါ်မှာနေသော ဗာရှန်နွားတို့၊ ဤစကားတော်ကိုနားထောင် ကြလော့။

2 အရှင်ထာဝရဘုရားသည် မိမိသန့်ရှင်းခြင်း ပါရမီတော်ကိုတိုင်တည်၍ ကျိန်ဆိုတော်မူသည်အတိုင်း၊ သင်တို့ကို ငါးမျှားနှင့်၎င်း၊ သင်တို့သားမြေးတို့ကိုပိုက်ကွန်နှင့်၎င်း ဘမ်းဆီးယူသွားရသောကာလ ရောက်လိမ့်မည်။

3 သင်တို့သည် အသီးအသီးကိုယ်စီတွေ့သော အပေါက်ဖြင့်ထွက်၍ ရဲတိုက်ထဲသို့ ချခြင်းကိုခံရကြမည်ဟု ထာဝရဘုရားမိန့်တော်မူ၏။

4 ဗေသလမြို့သို့သွား၍ ပြစ်မှားကြလော့။ ဂိလဂါလမြို့သို့လည်းသွား၍ များစွာသောပြစ်မှားခြင်းခြင်းကို ပြုကြလော့။ နံနက်တိုင်းပူဇော်သောယဇ်ကို၎င်း၊ သုံးနှစ်တခါ ဥစ္စာဆယ်ဘို့တဘို့ကို၎င်း ဆောင်ခဲ့ကြလော့။

5 လုယူသောဥစ္စာထဲကကျေးဇူးချီးမွမ်းရာ ပူဇော်သက္ကာကို မီးရှို့ကြလော့။ အလိုလိုပြုသော ပူဇော်သက္ကာ များကိုလည်း ကြားပြော၍ကြော်ငြာစေကြလော့။ အိုဣသရေလအမျိုးသားတို့၊ ထိုသို့ပြုရာတွင် သင်တို့သည် မွေ့လျော်တတ်ကြသည်ဟု အရှင်ထာဝရဘုရား မိန့်တော်မူ၏။

6 ငါသည်လည်း၊ သင်တို့မြို့ရွာရှိသမျှတို့၌ သွားတို့၏ စင်ကြယ်ခြင်းကို၎င်း၊ သင်တို့နေရာအရပ်ရှိသမျှတို့၌ အစာခေါင်းပါးခြင်းကို၎င်းပေးသော်လည်း၊ သင်တို့သည် ငါ့ထံသို့ပြန်၍ မလာကြဟုထာဝရဘုရားမိန့်တော်မူ၏။

7 စပါးရိတ်ရာကာလမရောက်မှီ သုံးအထက်က၊ မိုဃ်းမရွာစေခြင်းငှါ မိုဃ်းကိုငါဆီးတားပြီ။ မြို့မြို့ပေါ်မှာ ရွာစေခြင်းငှါ၎င်း၊ တမြို့ပေါ်မှာမရွာစေခြင်းငှါ၎င်းပြုျက်၊ မြေတကွက်သည် မိုဃ်းရေကိုခံရ၍ တကွက်သည် မခံရ၊ သွေ့ခြောက်ျက် နေရ၏။

8 ထိုသို့မြို့နှစ်မြို့သုံးမြို့သားတို့သည် ရေသောက်ခြင်းငှါ မြို့မြို့သို့သွားရ၍ မဝရကြ။ သို့သော်လည်း၊ သင်တို့သည် ငါ့ထံသို့ ပြန်၍မလာကြဟု ထာဝရဘုရားမိန့်တော်မူ၏။

9 လေထိ၍အပင်သေခြင်း၊ အရည်ယို၍ သေခြင်းဘေးဖြင့် ငါသည်ဒဏ်ခတ်လေပြီ။ သင်တို့၌ များပြားသောလယ်ယာ၊ စပျစ်ဥယျာဉ်သင်္ဘောသဖန်းပင်သံလွင်ပင်တို့ကို ကျိုင်းကောင်တို့သည် ကိုက်စားကြပြီ။ သို့သော်လည်း၊ ငါ့ထံသို့ ပြန်၍မလာကြဟု ထာဝရဘုရားမိန့်တော်မူ၏။

10 အဲဂုတ္တုပြည်ခံရသော ကာလနာဘေးကို သင်တို့ရှိရာသို့ ငါစေလွှတ်လေပြီ။ လုလင်တို့ကို ထားဖြင့် ကွပ်မျက်စေပြီ။ မြင်းတို့ကိုသိမ်းသွားစေပြီ။ သင်တို့တပ်၌ ပုပ်စပ်သောအနံ့ကို သင်တို့နှာခေါင်း၌လှိုင်စေပြီ။ သို့သော်လည်း၊ ငါ့ထံသို့ ပြန်၍မလာကြဟု ထာဝရဘုရားမိန့်တော်မူ၏။

11 ဘုရားသခင်သည် သောဒုံမြို့နှင့် ဂေါမောရမြို့ကို မှောက်လှန်သကဲ့သို့၊ သင်တို့အချို့ကိုငါမှောက်လှန်၍ သင်တို့သည် မီးထဲကနှုတ်သောထင်းစကဲ့သို့ ဖြစ်ကြပြီ။ သို့သော်လည်း၊ ငါ့ထံသို့ ပြန်၍မလာကြဟု ထာဝရဘုရား မိန့်တော်မူ၏။

12 သို့ဖြစ်၍၊ အိုဣသရေလအမျိုး၊ အထက်က ပြုသကဲ့သို့ သင်တို့၌ငါပြုဦးမည်။ ထိုသို့ပြုမည်ဖြစ်သော ကြောင့်၊ အိုဣသရေလအမျိုး၊ သင်၏ဘုရားသခင်နှင့် တွေ့ခြင်းငှါ ကိုယ်ကိုပြင်ဆင်လော့။

13 တောင်တို့ကို လုပ်၍လေကိုဖန်ဆင်းထသော၊ လူစိတ်အကြံအစည်ကို လူအားဘော်ပြထသော၊ နံနက် အလင်းကို အမိုက်ဖြစ်စေထသော၊ မြင့်သောမြေအရပ်တို့ကို နင်းသောသူသည် ကောင်းကင်ဗိုလ်ခြေအရှင် ထာဝရဘုရားတည်းဟူသော ဘွဲ့နာမရှိတော်မူ၏။

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Shrnutí kapitoly

Exploring the Meaning of Amos 4      

By Helen Kennedy

In chapter 4 of the Book of Amos, verses 1-3 talk about people who pervert the truths of the church. They will fall into falsities in outermost things. Fish are lower things, so it follows that fishhooks (verse 2) would mean being caught and held fast in natural or lower things.

Verses 4-6 talk about things of worship such as tithes and sacrifices. These look similar to genuine worship, but are only in outermost things. We can tell because ‘teeth’ (verse 6) represent ultimates or outermost things (Secrets of Heaven 6380), so it follows that “cleanness of teeth” would mean outermost things that look good but only imitate genuine worship. The Lord exhorts, “Yet you have not returned to me.”

Verses 7-8. Some things true will remain, when the rest are false, in consequence of which truths will have no power. This can be seen where the Lord says, “I made it rain on one city; I withheld rain from another city... where it did not rain the part withered.” Again the Lord exhorts, “Yet you have not returned to me.”

Verse 9. Afterward all things of the church are falsified, shown in how blight attacked the gardens, vineyards, fig tree and olive trees. The last three represent spiritual, natural and celestial things, or all the things of spiritual life. “Yet you have not returned to me,” says the Lord.

Verses 10-11. The Lord explains the devastating things he allowed to happen: plague in Egypt, death of young men by swords, stench in the camps, Sodom and Gomorrah. This is because they are profaned by sensual knowledges - profanation meaning the mixing of good and evil together (Secrets of Heaven 1001:2).

This extends to all things of the church, the church being the Lord’s kingdom on earth (Secrets of Heaven 768:3).

With profanation “as soon as any idea of what is holy arises, the idea of what is profane joins immediately to it” (Secrets of Heaven 301).

Now there is hardly anything left. “Yet you have not returned to Me,” says the Lord again.

Verses 12-13. Because people adamantly remain in their profane ways, they are warned, “Prepare to meet your God!”. This is the God powerful and mighty, “who forms mountains, and creates the wind,” and even more close to home, “Who declares to man what his thought is.” As intimately a knowing as that is, the Lord’s love for all humanity is contained in His exhortations for them to turn themselves to Him.

See, for example, Luke 6:44-45, and True Christian Religion 373.

Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

The Inner Meaning of the Prophets and Psalms 204


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcana Coelestia 382, 1069, 1453, 2165, 2220, 2799, 2842, ...

Apocalypse Revealed 336, 439, 474, 496, 502, 862

The Lord 49


References from Swedenborg's unpublished works:

Apocalypse Explained 403, 405, 513, 532, 556, 560, 608, ...

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Word/Phrase Explanations

ဆင်းရဲသော
In most cases, those described as "needy" in the Bible are those who lack true knowledge of the Lord and his teachings, but have a...

သခင်
In most cases, a "master" in the Bible refers to truth: knowledge, an understanding of the situation at hand, an understanding of the Lord's wishes,...

ရှမာရိ
'Samaria,' as in Amos 4:1. 6:1, signifies the spiritual church perverted.

တောင်ပေါ်မှာ
'Hills' signify the good of charity.

နားထောင်
'To hearken to father and mother,' as mentioned in Genesis 28:7, signifies obedience from affection. 'To hearken,' as mentioned in Genesis 30:22, signifies providence. See...

ဘုရား
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

ကျိန်ဆို
The Lord swearing by himself signifies that divine truth testifies, for He is divine truth itself, and this testifies from itself and means itself. It...

ဗေသလမြို့
When Jacob had his famous dream, of a staircase leading to heaven, he named the place "Bethel," which is Hebrew for "the house of God."...

ဂိလဂါလ
Gilgal signifies the doctrine of natural truth, serving for introduction into the church.

နံနက်
Morning comes with the rising of the sun, and the sun – which gives life to the earth with its warmth and light – represents...

သုံး
The Writings talk about many aspects of life using the philosophical terms "end," "cause" and "effect." The "end" is someone’s goal or purpose, the ultimate...

ဆယ်ဘို့တဘို့
'Tithes,' as in tenths, signifies goods and truths stored up from the Lord in a person’s interior self. These goods are called remains. When these...

သား
'A son,' as in Genesis 5:28, signifies the rise of a new church. 'Son,' as in Genesis 24:3, signifies the Lord’s rationality regarding good. 'A...

ပြန်.
Everyone knows the phrase "the natural order of things." It means that everything is in its proper place, occupying the niche it is meant to...

မြို့
Cities of the mountain and cities of the plain (Jer. 33:13) signify doctrines of charity and faith.

သွား
'Tooth,' as in Exodus 21:24, denotes the exterior understanding, and natural truth.

နေရာ
'A dry place,' as in Luke 11:24, signifies states of evil and falsity which are in the life of someone who does the work of...

အစာ
Just as natural food feeds the natural body, so spiritual food feeds the spiritual body. And since our spiritual body is the expression of what...

ပေး
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

စပါးရိတ်ရာကာလ
'A harvest' symbolizes the state of the church with respect to Divine truth. The reason is that a harvest yields the grain used to make...


'A month' has respect to the state of truth in a person. 'A month' signifies a full state. Month,' as in Genesis 29, signifies the...

ရွာစေ
'Rain,' in a positive sense, denotes blessing, but in the opposite sense, damnation Rain,' as in Genesis 2:5-6, Exodus 34:25-27, and Hosea 6:3, signifies the...

နှစ်
The number "two" has two different meanings in the Bible. In most cases "two" indicates a joining together or unification. This is easy to see...

ရေ
'Waters' signify truths in the natural self, and in the opposite sense, falsities. 'Waters' signify particularly the spiritual parts of a person, or the intellectual...

ဒဏ်ခတ်
'To smite' signifies condemnation. 'To smite,' as in Genesis 14:15, signifies vindication. 'To smite,' as in Genesis 32:8, signifies destruction. 'To smite the earth with...

စပျစ်ဥယျာဉ်
'A vine' signifies spiritual good and truth. 'A vine' or 'vineyard' signifies the church where the Word, and the Lord in it, is known, or...

သင်္ဘောသဖန်းပင်
The Writings tell us that the fig tree represents the "natural human," which is our outward life in the world, and the thoughts and feelings...

သံလွင်
'An olive,' as in Isaiah 17:6, signifies celestial remains. 'An olive' signifies love and charity, because 'the olive tree' signifies the celestial church, and so...

ကိုက်စား
When we eat, our bodies break down the food and get from it both energy and materials for building and repairing the body. The process...

ကာလနာ
'Pestilence' denotes the vastation of good and truth.

ကွပ်မျက်
'To slay a man to his wounding,' means extinguishing faith, and 'to slay a young man to his hurt,' signifies extinguishing charity, as in Genesis...

မြင်း
'A horse' signifies knowledges or understanding of the Word. In an opposite sense it signifies the understanding of the Word falsified by reasonings, and likewise...

နှာခေါင်း
'A blast of the breath of the nostrils' signify the same thing as 'his anger and wrath.'

ဘုရားသခ
The Lord is love itself, expressed in the form of wisdom itself. Love, then, is His essence, His inmost. Wisdom - the loving understanding of...

သောဒုံမြို့
"Sodom" in the Bible represents the love of self and the love of ruling or dominating others springing from the love of self. This is...

မှောက်
'Overturned' signifies punishing.

လေ
Because a nearer and stronger divine influx through the heavens disperses truths among the wicked, 'wind' signifies this dispersion of truth and the resulting conjunction...

မြင်
The symbolic meaning of "seeing" is "understanding," which is obvious enough that it has become part of common language (think about it; you might see...

မြေ
Land' in the Word, denotes the church, for the things which signify the church also signify the things relating to the church, for these constitute...

ကောင်းကင်ဗိုလ်ခြေအရှင်
A host and an army come from the same Hebrew word and mean the same thing in Bible; when the Children of Israel were numbered...

Ze Swedenborgových děl

 

Arcana Coelestia # 2220

Arcana Coelestia (Elliott translation)      

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2220. That 'Sodom' is every evil that stems from self-love is clear from the meaning of 'Sodom' in the Word. Although in the next chapter it seems as if Sodom means the evil that consists in the worst form of adultery, nevertheless nothing else is meant by it in the internal sense than evil that stems from self-love. In the Word also the dreadful things that well up out of self-love are represented by various kinds of adultery. That 'Sodom' means in general every evil that stems from self-love, and 'Gomorrah' every falsity derived from this, has been shown in Volume One, in 1212, 1663, 1682, 1689, and may become clearer still from the following places in the Word: In Jeremiah,

A sword over the Chaldeans and over the inhabitants of Babel as when God overthrew Sodom and Gomorrah, and its neighbours, said Jehovah. No man will live there, and no son of man will abide in it. Jeremiah 50:35, 40.

This refers to those meant by 'the Chaldeans' whose worship consists in profane falsity, as shown already in 1368, and also to those meant by 'Babel' whose worship consists in profane evil, 1182, 1326. Their condemnation is described by the overthrow of Sodom, that is, of evil in general, and by the overthrow of Gomorrah, that is, of falsity in general, since their worship too consists in evil that stems from self-love, and in falsity derived from this.

[2] In Amos,

I overthrew you, as when God overthrew Sodom and Gomorrah, and you became as a brand plucked out of the burning. Amos 4:11.

This refers to Samaria, by which is meant the perverted spiritual Church, which as regards evils in general contrary to the goods of charity is called 'Sodom', as regards falsities in general contrary to truths of faith is called 'Gomorrah', and as regards both is described here, as in the previous quotation, as 'the overthrowing of God'. In Zephaniah,

Moab will be like Sodom, and the children of Ammon like Gomorrah, a place abandoned to the nettle, and a saltpit, and a desolation even for ever. This will be theirs for their arrogance because they taunted and magnified themselves against the people of Jehovah Zebaoth. Zephaniah 2:9-10.

Here 'Sodom' stands for evil stemming from self-love, and 'Gomorrah' for falsity derived from this, both of which are referred to here as 'a desolation', as they were 'an overthrowing' in the two previous quotations. 'Arrogance' is self-love, 'taunting the people of Jehovah Zebaoth' is bringing evil against truths, and 'magnifying themselves against the people' is bringing falsity against them.

[3] In Ezekiel,

Your elder sister is Samaria, she and her daughters, dwelling on your left hand; and your younger sister, dwelling on your right hand, is Sodom and her daughters Your sister Sodom has not done, she and her daughters, as you have done, you and your daughters. Behold, this was the iniquity of your sister Sodom; she and her daughters had pride, surfeit of bread, and prosperous ease, but she did not strengthen the hand of the wretched and needy. And they became haughty and did abominable things before Me. Ezekiel 16:46, 48-50.

This refers to the abominations of Jerusalem, which are described as Samaria and Sodom 'Samaria', used instead of Gomorrah, describing the abominations involving falsities, and 'Sodom' those involving evils. What is meant specifically by 'Sodom' is also stated, for it is said, 'this was the iniquity of Sodom', namely that it was self-love, meant here by 'pride'. Their rejection of the goods of charity is meant by 'surfeit of bread', and their satisfaction taken in those [falsities and evils] by 'prosperous ease'. Their lack of compassion is described by the statement that they did not strengthen the hand of the poor and needy, and the impregnation with self-love of their desires resulting from this is described by the statement that the daughters became haughty - such desires being meant by 'daughters'.

(Odkazy: Ezekiel 16:46-50)


[4] From this it is quite clear what Sodom means - that its meaning is not the same as what occurs in the historical sense in the next chapter, and that by Sodom in the next chapter such things are meant in the internal sense as are described here in Ezekiel, namely things belonging to self-love. But the description of Sodom here is milder because reference is made to the abominations of Jerusalem having been greater than those of Sodom, as is evident also from the Lord's words in Matthew,

Truly I say to you, It will be more tolerable for the land of Sodom and Gomorrah on the day of judgement than for that city. Matthew 10:15; Mark 6:11; Luke 10:12.

In John,

Their bodies will lie in the street of the great city which spiritually is called Sodom and Egypt. Revelation 11:8.

Here it is clear that 'Sodom' is not used to mean Sodom nor 'Egypt' to mean Egypt, for it is said that 'spiritually it is called Sodom and Egypt'. 'Sodom' stands for every evil stemming from self-love, and 'Egypt', used instead of Gomorrah, for every falsity derived from this.

(Odkazy: Genesis 18:16)

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From Swedenborg's Works

Inbound References:

Arcana Coelestia 2239, 2246, 2322, 2346, 2371, 2393, 2444, 3614, 7519, 10300


References from Swedenborg's unpublished works:

Apocalypse Explained 357


Thanks to the Swedenborg Society for the permission to use this translation.


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