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Amos 4

Myanmar/Burmese: Judson (1835)     

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1 ဆင်းရဲသောသူတို့ကို ညှဉ်းဆဲလျက်၊ ငတ်မွတ်သောသူတို့ကိုနှိပ်စက်လျက်၊ မိမိသခင်တို့အား ငါတို့ သောက်ဘို့ယူခဲ့ကြဟုဆိုတတ်လျက်၊ ရှမာရိတောင်ပေါ်မှာနေသော ဗာရှန်နွားတို့၊ ဤစကားတော်ကိုနားထောင် ကြလော့။

2 အရှင်ထာဝရဘုရားသည် မိမိသန့်ရှင်းခြင်း ပါရမီတော်ကိုတိုင်တည်၍ ကျိန်ဆိုတော်မူသည်အတိုင်း၊ သင်တို့ကို ငါးမျှားနှင့်၎င်း၊ သင်တို့သားမြေးတို့ကိုပိုက်ကွန်နှင့်၎င်း ဘမ်းဆီးယူသွားရသောကာလ ရောက်လိမ့်မည်။

3 သင်တို့သည် အသီးအသီးကိုယ်စီတွေ့သော အပေါက်ဖြင့်ထွက်၍ ရဲတိုက်ထဲသို့ ချခြင်းကိုခံရကြမည်ဟု ထာဝရဘုရားမိန့်တော်မူ၏။

4 ဗေသလမြို့သို့သွား၍ ပြစ်မှားကြလော့။ ဂိလဂါလမြို့သို့လည်းသွား၍ များစွာသောပြစ်မှားခြင်းခြင်းကို ပြုကြလော့။ နံနက်တိုင်းပူဇော်သောယဇ်ကို၎င်း၊ သုံးနှစ်တခါ ဥစ္စာဆယ်ဘို့တဘို့ကို၎င်း ဆောင်ခဲ့ကြလော့။

5 လုယူသောဥစ္စာထဲကကျေးဇူးချီးမွမ်းရာ ပူဇော်သက္ကာကို မီးရှို့ကြလော့။ အလိုလိုပြုသော ပူဇော်သက္ကာ များကိုလည်း ကြားပြော၍ကြော်ငြာစေကြလော့။ အိုဣသရေလအမျိုးသားတို့၊ ထိုသို့ပြုရာတွင် သင်တို့သည် မွေ့လျော်တတ်ကြသည်ဟု အရှင်ထာဝရဘုရား မိန့်တော်မူ၏။

6 ငါသည်လည်း၊ သင်တို့မြို့ရွာရှိသမျှတို့၌ သွားတို့၏ စင်ကြယ်ခြင်းကို၎င်း၊ သင်တို့နေရာအရပ်ရှိသမျှတို့၌ အစာခေါင်းပါးခြင်းကို၎င်းပေးသော်လည်း၊ သင်တို့သည် ငါ့ထံသို့ပြန်၍ မလာကြဟုထာဝရဘုရားမိန့်တော်မူ၏။

7 စပါးရိတ်ရာကာလမရောက်မှီ သုံးအထက်က၊ မိုဃ်းမရွာစေခြင်းငှါ မိုဃ်းကိုငါဆီးတားပြီ။ မြို့မြို့ပေါ်မှာ ရွာစေခြင်းငှါ၎င်း၊ တမြို့ပေါ်မှာမရွာစေခြင်းငှါ၎င်းပြုျက်၊ မြေတကွက်သည် မိုဃ်းရေကိုခံရ၍ တကွက်သည် မခံရ၊ သွေ့ခြောက်ျက် နေရ၏။

8 ထိုသို့မြို့နှစ်မြို့သုံးမြို့သားတို့သည် ရေသောက်ခြင်းငှါ မြို့မြို့သို့သွားရ၍ မဝရကြ။ သို့သော်လည်း၊ သင်တို့သည် ငါ့ထံသို့ ပြန်၍မလာကြဟု ထာဝရဘုရားမိန့်တော်မူ၏။

9 လေထိ၍အပင်သေခြင်း၊ အရည်ယို၍ သေခြင်းဘေးဖြင့် ငါသည်ဒဏ်ခတ်လေပြီ။ သင်တို့၌ များပြားသောလယ်ယာ၊ စပျစ်ဥယျာဉ်သင်္ဘောသဖန်းပင်သံလွင်ပင်တို့ကို ကျိုင်းကောင်တို့သည် ကိုက်စားကြပြီ။ သို့သော်လည်း၊ ငါ့ထံသို့ ပြန်၍မလာကြဟု ထာဝရဘုရားမိန့်တော်မူ၏။

10 အဲဂုတ္တုပြည်ခံရသော ကာလနာဘေးကို သင်တို့ရှိရာသို့ ငါစေလွှတ်လေပြီ။ လုလင်တို့ကို ထားဖြင့် ကွပ်မျက်စေပြီ။ မြင်းတို့ကိုသိမ်းသွားစေပြီ။ သင်တို့တပ်၌ ပုပ်စပ်သောအနံ့ကို သင်တို့နှာခေါင်း၌လှိုင်စေပြီ။ သို့သော်လည်း၊ ငါ့ထံသို့ ပြန်၍မလာကြဟု ထာဝရဘုရားမိန့်တော်မူ၏။

11 ဘုရားသခင်သည် သောဒုံမြို့နှင့် ဂေါမောရမြို့ကို မှောက်လှန်သကဲ့သို့၊ သင်တို့အချို့ကိုငါမှောက်လှန်၍ သင်တို့သည် မီးထဲကနှုတ်သောထင်းစကဲ့သို့ ဖြစ်ကြပြီ။ သို့သော်လည်း၊ ငါ့ထံသို့ ပြန်၍မလာကြဟု ထာဝရဘုရား မိန့်တော်မူ၏။

12 သို့ဖြစ်၍၊ အိုဣသရေလအမျိုး၊ အထက်က ပြုသကဲ့သို့ သင်တို့၌ငါပြုဦးမည်။ ထိုသို့ပြုမည်ဖြစ်သော ကြောင့်၊ အိုဣသရေလအမျိုး၊ သင်၏ဘုရားသခင်နှင့် တွေ့ခြင်းငှါ ကိုယ်ကိုပြင်ဆင်လော့။

13 တောင်တို့ကို လုပ်၍လေကိုဖန်ဆင်းထသော၊ လူစိတ်အကြံအစည်ကို လူအားဘော်ပြထသော၊ နံနက် အလင်းကို အမိုက်ဖြစ်စေထသော၊ မြင့်သောမြေအရပ်တို့ကို နင်းသောသူသည် ကောင်းကင်ဗိုလ်ခြေအရှင် ထာဝရဘုရားတည်းဟူသော ဘွဲ့နာမရှိတော်မူ၏။

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Exploring the Meaning of Amos 4      

By Helen Kennedy

In chapter 4 of the Book of Amos, verses 1-3 talk about people who pervert the truths of the church. They will fall into falsities in outermost things. Fish are lower things, so it follows that fishhooks (verse 2) would mean being caught and held fast in natural or lower things.

Verses 4-6 talk about things of worship such as tithes and sacrifices. These look similar to genuine worship, but are only in outermost things. We can tell because ‘teeth’ (verse 6) represent ultimates or outermost things (Secrets of Heaven 6380), so it follows that “cleanness of teeth” would mean outermost things that look good but only imitate genuine worship. The Lord exhorts, “Yet you have not returned to me.”

Verses 7-8. Some things true will remain, when the rest are false, in consequence of which truths will have no power. This can be seen where the Lord says, “I made it rain on one city; I withheld rain from another city... where it did not rain the part withered.” Again the Lord exhorts, “Yet you have not returned to me.”

Verse 9. Afterward all things of the church are falsified, shown in how blight attacked the gardens, vineyards, fig tree and olive trees. The last three represent spiritual, natural and celestial things, or all the things of spiritual life. “Yet you have not returned to me,” says the Lord.

Verses 10-11. The Lord explains the devastating things he allowed to happen: plague in Egypt, death of young men by swords, stench in the camps, Sodom and Gomorrah. This is because they are profaned by sensual knowledges - profanation meaning the mixing of good and evil together (Secrets of Heaven 1001:2).

This extends to all things of the church, the church being the Lord’s kingdom on earth (Secrets of Heaven 768:3).

With profanation “as soon as any idea of what is holy arises, the idea of what is profane joins immediately to it” (Secrets of Heaven 301).

Now there is hardly anything left. “Yet you have not returned to Me,” says the Lord again.

Verses 12-13. Because people adamantly remain in their profane ways, they are warned, “Prepare to meet your God!”. This is the God powerful and mighty, “who forms mountains, and creates the wind,” and even more close to home, “Who declares to man what his thought is.” As intimately a knowing as that is, the Lord’s love for all humanity is contained in His exhortations for them to turn themselves to Him.

See, for example, Luke 6:44-45, and True Christian Religion 373.

Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

The Inner Meaning of the Prophets and Psalms 204


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcana Coelestia 382, 1069, 1453, 2165, 2220, 2799, 2842, ...

Apocalypse Revealed 336, 439, 474, 496, 502, 862

The Lord 49


References from Swedenborg's unpublished works:

Apocalypse Explained 403, 405, 513, 532, 556, 560, 608, ...

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Word/Phrase Explanations

ဆင်းရဲသော
In most cases, those described as "needy" in the Bible are those who lack true knowledge of the Lord and his teachings, but have a...

သခင်
In most cases, a "master" in the Bible refers to truth: knowledge, an understanding of the situation at hand, an understanding of the Lord's wishes,...

ရှမာရိ
'Samaria,' as in Amos 4:1. 6:1, signifies the spiritual church perverted.

တောင်ပေါ်မှာ
'Hills' signify the good of charity.

နားထောင်
'To hearken to father and mother,' as mentioned in Genesis 28:7, signifies obedience from affection. 'To hearken,' as mentioned in Genesis 30:22, signifies providence. See...

ဘုရား
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

ကျိန်ဆို
The Lord swearing by himself signifies that divine truth testifies, for He is divine truth itself, and this testifies from itself and means itself. It...

ဗေသလမြို့
When Jacob had his famous dream, of a staircase leading to heaven, he named the place "Bethel," which is Hebrew for "the house of God."...

ဂိလဂါလ
Gilgal signifies the doctrine of natural truth, serving for introduction into the church.

နံနက်
Morning comes with the rising of the sun, and the sun – which gives life to the earth with its warmth and light – represents...

သုံး
The Writings talk about many aspects of life using the philosophical terms "end," "cause" and "effect." The "end" is someone’s goal or purpose, the ultimate...

ဆယ်ဘို့တဘို့
'Tithes,' as in tenths, signifies goods and truths stored up from the Lord in a person’s interior self. These goods are called remains. When these...

သား
'A son,' as in Genesis 5:28, signifies the rise of a new church. 'Son,' as in Genesis 24:3, signifies the Lord’s rationality regarding good. 'A...

ပြန်.
Everyone knows the phrase "the natural order of things." It means that everything is in its proper place, occupying the niche it is meant to...

မြို့
Cities of the mountain and cities of the plain (Jer. 33:13) signify doctrines of charity and faith.

သွား
'Tooth,' as in Exodus 21:24, denotes the exterior understanding, and natural truth.

နေရာ
'A dry place,' as in Luke 11:24, signifies states of evil and falsity which are in the life of someone who does the work of...

အစာ
Just as natural food feeds the natural body, so spiritual food feeds the spiritual body. And since our spiritual body is the expression of what...

ပေး
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

စပါးရိတ်ရာကာလ
'A harvest' symbolizes the state of the church with respect to Divine truth. The reason is that a harvest yields the grain used to make...


'A month' has respect to the state of truth in a person. 'A month' signifies a full state. Month,' as in Genesis 29, signifies the...

ရွာစေ
'Rain,' in a positive sense, denotes blessing, but in the opposite sense, damnation Rain,' as in Genesis 2:5-6, Exodus 34:25-27, and Hosea 6:3, signifies the...

နှစ်
The number "two" has two different meanings in the Bible. In most cases "two" indicates a joining together or unification. This is easy to see...

ရေ
'Waters' signify truths in the natural self, and in the opposite sense, falsities. 'Waters' signify particularly the spiritual parts of a person, or the intellectual...

ဒဏ်ခတ်
'To smite' signifies condemnation. 'To smite,' as in Genesis 14:15, signifies vindication. 'To smite,' as in Genesis 32:8, signifies destruction. 'To smite the earth with...

စပျစ်ဥယျာဉ်
'A vine' signifies spiritual good and truth. 'A vine' or 'vineyard' signifies the church where the Word, and the Lord in it, is known, or...

သင်္ဘောသဖန်းပင်
The Writings tell us that the fig tree represents the "natural human," which is our outward life in the world, and the thoughts and feelings...

သံလွင်
'An olive,' as in Isaiah 17:6, signifies celestial remains. 'An olive' signifies love and charity, because 'the olive tree' signifies the celestial church, and so...

ကိုက်စား
When we eat, our bodies break down the food and get from it both energy and materials for building and repairing the body. The process...

ကာလနာ
'Pestilence' denotes the vastation of good and truth.

ကွပ်မျက်
'To slay a man to his wounding,' means extinguishing faith, and 'to slay a young man to his hurt,' signifies extinguishing charity, as in Genesis...

မြင်း
'A horse' signifies knowledges or understanding of the Word. In an opposite sense it signifies the understanding of the Word falsified by reasonings, and likewise...

နှာခေါင်း
'A blast of the breath of the nostrils' signify the same thing as 'his anger and wrath.'

ဘုရားသခ
The Lord is love itself, expressed in the form of wisdom itself. Love, then, is His essence, His inmost. Wisdom - the loving understanding of...

သောဒုံမြို့
"Sodom" in the Bible represents the love of self and the love of ruling or dominating others springing from the love of self. This is...

မှောက်
'Overturned' signifies punishing.

လေ
Because a nearer and stronger divine influx through the heavens disperses truths among the wicked, 'wind' signifies this dispersion of truth and the resulting conjunction...

မြင်
The symbolic meaning of "seeing" is "understanding," which is obvious enough that it has become part of common language (think about it; you might see...

မြေ
Land' in the Word, denotes the church, for the things which signify the church also signify the things relating to the church, for these constitute...

ကောင်းကင်ဗိုလ်ခြေအရှင်
A host and an army come from the same Hebrew word and mean the same thing in Bible; when the Children of Israel were numbered...

Komentář

 

Exploring the Meaning of Amos 4      

By Helen Kennedy

In chapter 4 of the Book of Amos, verses 1-3 talk about people who pervert the truths of the church. They will fall into falsities in outermost things. Fish are lower things, so it follows that fishhooks (verse 2) would mean being caught and held fast in natural or lower things.

Verses 4-6 talk about things of worship such as tithes and sacrifices. These look similar to genuine worship, but are only in outermost things. We can tell because ‘teeth’ (verse 6) represent ultimates or outermost things (Secrets of Heaven 6380), so it follows that “cleanness of teeth” would mean outermost things that look good but only imitate genuine worship. The Lord exhorts, “Yet you have not returned to me.”

Verses 7-8. Some things true will remain, when the rest are false, in consequence of which truths will have no power. This can be seen where the Lord says, “I made it rain on one city; I withheld rain from another city... where it did not rain the part withered.” Again the Lord exhorts, “Yet you have not returned to me.”

Verse 9. Afterward all things of the church are falsified, shown in how blight attacked the gardens, vineyards, fig tree and olive trees. The last three represent spiritual, natural and celestial things, or all the things of spiritual life. “Yet you have not returned to me,” says the Lord.

Verses 10-11. The Lord explains the devastating things he allowed to happen: plague in Egypt, death of young men by swords, stench in the camps, Sodom and Gomorrah. This is because they are profaned by sensual knowledges - profanation meaning the mixing of good and evil together (Secrets of Heaven 1001:2).

This extends to all things of the church, the church being the Lord’s kingdom on earth (Secrets of Heaven 768:3).

With profanation “as soon as any idea of what is holy arises, the idea of what is profane joins immediately to it” (Secrets of Heaven 301).

Now there is hardly anything left. “Yet you have not returned to Me,” says the Lord again.

Verses 12-13. Because people adamantly remain in their profane ways, they are warned, “Prepare to meet your God!”. This is the God powerful and mighty, “who forms mountains, and creates the wind,” and even more close to home, “Who declares to man what his thought is.” As intimately a knowing as that is, the Lord’s love for all humanity is contained in His exhortations for them to turn themselves to Him.

See, for example, Luke 6:44-45, and True Christian Religion 373.

Ze Swedenborgových děl

 

Arcana Coelestia # 2371

Arcana Coelestia (Elliott translation)      

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2371. 'And they said, Did not this one come to sojourn' means people with different teaching and a different life. This is clear from the meaning of 'sojourning' as receiving instruction and living, and so as doctrine and life, dealt with in 1463, 2025. Here the nature of the state of the Church around the last times is described, when faith is no more because charity is no more, that is to say, when the good of charity is rejected on doctrinal grounds as well, because it has severed all connection with life.

[2] The people described here are not those who falsify the good of charity by explaining things to their own advantage. They are not those who, so that they may be very great and may possess all the world's goods, make the good of charity the earner of merit. Nor are they those who assume the right to dispense rewards, and in so doing defile the good of charity by various devices and misleading means. Instead the subject is those who do not wish to hear anything about the goods of charity, that is, about good works, only about faith separated from those works. And this they wish to hear from the argument that man has nothing but evil within him and that even the good which springs from himself is in itself evil, and so contains nothing of salvation; and from the argument that no one can merit heaven by means of any good, nor accordingly be saved by it, only by means of a faith whereby they acknowledge the Lord's merit. This is the teaching which flourishes in the last times when the Church starts to breathe its last, and which is enthusiastically taught and favourably accepted.

[3] But to maintain from all this that anyone can lead an evil life and at the same time possess a faith that is good is a false conclusion. It is also a false conclusion to say that because man has nothing but evil within him, good from the Lord - which has heaven within it because it has the Lord within it, and blessedness and happiness within it because heaven is within it - cannot exist there. Finally it is a false conclusion to say that because nobody can merit [heaven] by any good, heavenly good from the Lord in which [self-] merit is regarded as something monstrous has no existence. Such good exists with every angel, such good exists with every regenerate person, and such good exists with those who perceive delight, and indeed blessedness, in good itself, that is, in the affection for it. The Lord speaks of this good or charity in the following way in Matthew,

You have heard that it was said, You shall love your neighbour and hate your enemy. [But] I say to you, Love your enemies, bless those who curse you, do good to those who hate you, and pray for those who hurt and persecute you, so that you may be sons of your Father who is in heaven. For if you love those who love you, what reward have you? And if you salute only your brothers, what more are you doing [than others]? Do not even the tax-collectors do the same? Matthew 5:43-48

Similar words occur in Luke, with this addition,

Do good and lend, hoping for nothing in return, and your reward will be great, and you will be sons of the Most High. Luke 6:27-36.

[4] Here good which is derived from the Lord is described and the fact that it does not carry any thought of repayment. Consequently people who are governed by that good are called 'sons of the Father who is in heaven', and 'sons of the Most High'. Yet because that good has the Lord within it there is also a reward: in Luke,

When you give a dinner or a supper, do not invite your friends or your brothers or your kinsmen or rich neighbours, lest perhaps they invite you back in return, and you are repaid. But when you give a feast invite the poor, the maimed, the blind, and you will be blessed, for they have nothing with which to repay you. You will be repaid at the resurrection of the just. 1 Luke 14:12-14.

'Dinner', 'supper', or 'feast' means the good that flows from charity, in which the Lord dwells together with man, 2341. Here it is described therefore, and it is plainly evident, that recompense lies within good itself since this has the Lord within it, for it is said that 'you will be repaid at the resurrection of the just'.

[5] People who strive to do good from themselves because the Lord has commanded it to be done are the ones who at length receive this good and who after receiving instruction then acknowledge in faith that all good comes from the Lord, 1712, 1937, 1947. And they are now so opposed to self-merit that they are saddened by the mere thought of merit and perceive that blessedness and happiness with them is that much diminished.

[6] It is quite different in the case of those who fail to do good and instead lead an evil life, while teaching and professing that salvation resides in faith separated from charity. These people are not even aware of the possibility of such good. And what is remarkable the same people in the next life, as I have been given to know from much experience, wish to merit heaven on the basis of all the good deeds they recall their having done, for they are now aware for the first time that no salvation lies in faith separated from charity. But these are the ones whom the Lord refers to in Matthew,

They will say to Me on that day, Lord, Lord, did we not prophesy by Your name, and by Your name cast out demons, and in Your name do many mighty works? But then will I declare to them, I do not know you; depart from Me, you workers of iniquity. Matthew 7:22-23.

With these people it is also seen that they had paid no attention at all to any one of the things which the Lord Himself taught so many times about the good that flows from love and charity. Instead those things had been to them like clouds sailing by or like things seen in the night, such as the things recorded in Matthew 3:8-9; 5:7-48; 6:1-20; 7:16-20, 24-27; 9:13; 12:33; 13:8, 23; Matthew 18:21-end; Matthew 18:19:19; 19:22:35-40; 24:12-13; Matthew 25:34-end; Matthew 25:Mark 4:18-20; 11:13-14, 20; 12:28-35; Luke 3:8-9; 6:27-39, 43-end; 7:47; 8:8, 14-15; 10:25-28; 12:58-59; 13:6-10; John 3:19, 21; 5:42; 13:34-35; 14:14-15, 20-21, 23; 15:1-8, 9-19; 21:15-17. These then, and other things like them, are what were meant by the words 'the men of Sodom' - that is, those immersed in evil, 2220, 2246, 2322 - 'saying to Lot, Did not this one come to sojourn, and will he surely judge?' that is, Will people with different teaching and a different life teach us?

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Footnotes:

1. The Latin means the dead; but the Greek means the just, which Swedenborg has in other places where he quotes this verse.

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(Odkazy: Genesis 19:9; John 15:1-19; Luke 6:43-49; Mark 12:28-34; Matthew 18:21-23, 18:21-35, 18:24-35, 19:19, 22:34-40, 22:34-39, 25:34-46)

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From Swedenborg's Works

Inbound References:

Arcana Coelestia 2373, 2375, 2387, 2411, 2417, 2669, 3416, 4189, 4783, 6393, 9210

The New Jerusalem and its Heavenly Doctrine 158

Other New Christian Commentary

Thanks to the Swedenborg Society for the permission to use this translation.


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