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Amos 4

Myanmar/Burmese: Judson (1835)     

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1 ဆင်းရဲသောသူတို့ကို ညှဉ်းဆဲလျက်၊ ငတ်မွတ်သောသူတို့ကိုနှိပ်စက်လျက်၊ မိမိသခင်တို့အား ငါတို့ သောက်ဘို့ယူခဲ့ကြဟုဆိုတတ်လျက်၊ ရှမာရိတောင်ပေါ်မှာနေသော ဗာရှန်နွားတို့၊ ဤစကားတော်ကိုနားထောင် ကြလော့။

2 အရှင်ထာဝရဘုရားသည် မိမိသန့်ရှင်းခြင်း ပါရမီတော်ကိုတိုင်တည်၍ ကျိန်ဆိုတော်မူသည်အတိုင်း၊ သင်တို့ကို ငါးမျှားနှင့်၎င်း၊ သင်တို့သားမြေးတို့ကိုပိုက်ကွန်နှင့်၎င်း ဘမ်းဆီးယူသွားရသောကာလ ရောက်လိမ့်မည်။

3 သင်တို့သည် အသီးအသီးကိုယ်စီတွေ့သော အပေါက်ဖြင့်ထွက်၍ ရဲတိုက်ထဲသို့ ချခြင်းကိုခံရကြမည်ဟု ထာဝရဘုရားမိန့်တော်မူ၏။

4 ဗေသလမြို့သို့သွား၍ ပြစ်မှားကြလော့။ ဂိလဂါလမြို့သို့လည်းသွား၍ များစွာသောပြစ်မှားခြင်းခြင်းကို ပြုကြလော့။ နံနက်တိုင်းပူဇော်သောယဇ်ကို၎င်း၊ သုံးနှစ်တခါ ဥစ္စာဆယ်ဘို့တဘို့ကို၎င်း ဆောင်ခဲ့ကြလော့။

5 လုယူသောဥစ္စာထဲကကျေးဇူးချီးမွမ်းရာ ပူဇော်သက္ကာကို မီးရှို့ကြလော့။ အလိုလိုပြုသော ပူဇော်သက္ကာ များကိုလည်း ကြားပြော၍ကြော်ငြာစေကြလော့။ အိုဣသရေလအမျိုးသားတို့၊ ထိုသို့ပြုရာတွင် သင်တို့သည် မွေ့လျော်တတ်ကြသည်ဟု အရှင်ထာဝရဘုရား မိန့်တော်မူ၏။

6 ငါသည်လည်း၊ သင်တို့မြို့ရွာရှိသမျှတို့၌ သွားတို့၏ စင်ကြယ်ခြင်းကို၎င်း၊ သင်တို့နေရာအရပ်ရှိသမျှတို့၌ အစာခေါင်းပါးခြင်းကို၎င်းပေးသော်လည်း၊ သင်တို့သည် ငါ့ထံသို့ပြန်၍ မလာကြဟုထာဝရဘုရားမိန့်တော်မူ၏။

7 စပါးရိတ်ရာကာလမရောက်မှီ သုံးအထက်က၊ မိုဃ်းမရွာစေခြင်းငှါ မိုဃ်းကိုငါဆီးတားပြီ။ မြို့မြို့ပေါ်မှာ ရွာစေခြင်းငှါ၎င်း၊ တမြို့ပေါ်မှာမရွာစေခြင်းငှါ၎င်းပြုျက်၊ မြေတကွက်သည် မိုဃ်းရေကိုခံရ၍ တကွက်သည် မခံရ၊ သွေ့ခြောက်ျက် နေရ၏။

8 ထိုသို့မြို့နှစ်မြို့သုံးမြို့သားတို့သည် ရေသောက်ခြင်းငှါ မြို့မြို့သို့သွားရ၍ မဝရကြ။ သို့သော်လည်း၊ သင်တို့သည် ငါ့ထံသို့ ပြန်၍မလာကြဟု ထာဝရဘုရားမိန့်တော်မူ၏။

9 လေထိ၍အပင်သေခြင်း၊ အရည်ယို၍ သေခြင်းဘေးဖြင့် ငါသည်ဒဏ်ခတ်လေပြီ။ သင်တို့၌ များပြားသောလယ်ယာ၊ စပျစ်ဥယျာဉ်သင်္ဘောသဖန်းပင်သံလွင်ပင်တို့ကို ကျိုင်းကောင်တို့သည် ကိုက်စားကြပြီ။ သို့သော်လည်း၊ ငါ့ထံသို့ ပြန်၍မလာကြဟု ထာဝရဘုရားမိန့်တော်မူ၏။

10 အဲဂုတ္တုပြည်ခံရသော ကာလနာဘေးကို သင်တို့ရှိရာသို့ ငါစေလွှတ်လေပြီ။ လုလင်တို့ကို ထားဖြင့် ကွပ်မျက်စေပြီ။ မြင်းတို့ကိုသိမ်းသွားစေပြီ။ သင်တို့တပ်၌ ပုပ်စပ်သောအနံ့ကို သင်တို့နှာခေါင်း၌လှိုင်စေပြီ။ သို့သော်လည်း၊ ငါ့ထံသို့ ပြန်၍မလာကြဟု ထာဝရဘုရားမိန့်တော်မူ၏။

11 ဘုရားသခင်သည် သောဒုံမြို့နှင့် ဂေါမောရမြို့ကို မှောက်လှန်သကဲ့သို့၊ သင်တို့အချို့ကိုငါမှောက်လှန်၍ သင်တို့သည် မီးထဲကနှုတ်သောထင်းစကဲ့သို့ ဖြစ်ကြပြီ။ သို့သော်လည်း၊ ငါ့ထံသို့ ပြန်၍မလာကြဟု ထာဝရဘုရား မိန့်တော်မူ၏။

12 သို့ဖြစ်၍၊ အိုဣသရေလအမျိုး၊ အထက်က ပြုသကဲ့သို့ သင်တို့၌ငါပြုဦးမည်။ ထိုသို့ပြုမည်ဖြစ်သော ကြောင့်၊ အိုဣသရေလအမျိုး၊ သင်၏ဘုရားသခင်နှင့် တွေ့ခြင်းငှါ ကိုယ်ကိုပြင်ဆင်လော့။

13 တောင်တို့ကို လုပ်၍လေကိုဖန်ဆင်းထသော၊ လူစိတ်အကြံအစည်ကို လူအားဘော်ပြထသော၊ နံနက် အလင်းကို အမိုက်ဖြစ်စေထသော၊ မြင့်သောမြေအရပ်တို့ကို နင်းသောသူသည် ကောင်းကင်ဗိုလ်ခြေအရှင် ထာဝရဘုရားတည်းဟူသော ဘွဲ့နာမရှိတော်မူ၏။

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Shrnutí kapitoly

Exploring the Meaning of Amos 4      

By Helen Kennedy

In chapter 4 of the Book of Amos, verses 1-3 talk about people who pervert the truths of the church. They will fall into falsities in outermost things. Fish are lower things, so it follows that fishhooks (verse 2) would mean being caught and held fast in natural or lower things.

Verses 4-6 talk about things of worship such as tithes and sacrifices. These look similar to genuine worship, but are only in outermost things. We can tell because ‘teeth’ (verse 6) represent ultimates or outermost things (Secrets of Heaven 6380), so it follows that “cleanness of teeth” would mean outermost things that look good but only imitate genuine worship. The Lord exhorts, “Yet you have not returned to me.”

Verses 7-8. Some things true will remain, when the rest are false, in consequence of which truths will have no power. This can be seen where the Lord says, “I made it rain on one city; I withheld rain from another city... where it did not rain the part withered.” Again the Lord exhorts, “Yet you have not returned to me.”

Verse 9. Afterward all things of the church are falsified, shown in how blight attacked the gardens, vineyards, fig tree and olive trees. The last three represent spiritual, natural and celestial things, or all the things of spiritual life. “Yet you have not returned to me,” says the Lord.

Verses 10-11. The Lord explains the devastating things he allowed to happen: plague in Egypt, death of young men by swords, stench in the camps, Sodom and Gomorrah. This is because they are profaned by sensual knowledges - profanation meaning the mixing of good and evil together (Secrets of Heaven 1001:2).

This extends to all things of the church, the church being the Lord’s kingdom on earth (Secrets of Heaven 768:3).

With profanation “as soon as any idea of what is holy arises, the idea of what is profane joins immediately to it” (Secrets of Heaven 301).

Now there is hardly anything left. “Yet you have not returned to Me,” says the Lord again.

Verses 12-13. Because people adamantly remain in their profane ways, they are warned, “Prepare to meet your God!”. This is the God powerful and mighty, “who forms mountains, and creates the wind,” and even more close to home, “Who declares to man what his thought is.” As intimately a knowing as that is, the Lord’s love for all humanity is contained in His exhortations for them to turn themselves to Him.

See, for example, Luke 6:44-45, and True Christian Religion 373.

Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

The Inner Meaning of the Prophets and Psalms 204


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcana Coelestia 382, 1069, 1453, 2165, 2220, 2799, 2842, ...

Apocalypse Revealed 336, 439, 474, 496, 502, 862

The Lord 49


References from Swedenborg's unpublished works:

Apocalypse Explained 403, 405, 513, 532, 556, 560, 608, ...

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Word/Phrase Explanations

ဆင်းရဲသော
In most cases, those described as "needy" in the Bible are those who lack true knowledge of the Lord and his teachings, but have a...

သခင်
In most cases, a "master" in the Bible refers to truth: knowledge, an understanding of the situation at hand, an understanding of the Lord's wishes,...

ရှမာရိ
'Samaria,' as in Amos 4:1. 6:1, signifies the spiritual church perverted.

တောင်ပေါ်မှာ
'Hills' signify the good of charity.

နားထောင်
'To hearken to father and mother,' as mentioned in Genesis 28:7, signifies obedience from affection. 'To hearken,' as mentioned in Genesis 30:22, signifies providence. See...

ဘုရား
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

ကျိန်ဆို
The Lord swearing by himself signifies that divine truth testifies, for He is divine truth itself, and this testifies from itself and means itself. It...

ဗေသလမြို့
When Jacob had his famous dream, of a staircase leading to heaven, he named the place "Bethel," which is Hebrew for "the house of God."...

ဂိလဂါလ
Gilgal signifies the doctrine of natural truth, serving for introduction into the church.

နံနက်
Morning comes with the rising of the sun, and the sun – which gives life to the earth with its warmth and light – represents...

သုံး
The Writings talk about many aspects of life using the philosophical terms "end," "cause" and "effect." The "end" is someone’s goal or purpose, the ultimate...

ဆယ်ဘို့တဘို့
'Tithes,' as in tenths, signifies goods and truths stored up from the Lord in a person’s interior self. These goods are called remains. When these...

သား
'A son,' as in Genesis 5:28, signifies the rise of a new church. 'Son,' as in Genesis 24:3, signifies the Lord’s rationality regarding good. 'A...

ပြန်.
Everyone knows the phrase "the natural order of things." It means that everything is in its proper place, occupying the niche it is meant to...

မြို့
Cities of the mountain and cities of the plain (Jer. 33:13) signify doctrines of charity and faith.

သွား
'Tooth,' as in Exodus 21:24, denotes the exterior understanding, and natural truth.

နေရာ
'A dry place,' as in Luke 11:24, signifies states of evil and falsity which are in the life of someone who does the work of...

အစာ
Just as natural food feeds the natural body, so spiritual food feeds the spiritual body. And since our spiritual body is the expression of what...

ပေး
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

စပါးရိတ်ရာကာလ
'A harvest' symbolizes the state of the church with respect to Divine truth. The reason is that a harvest yields the grain used to make...


'A month' has respect to the state of truth in a person. 'A month' signifies a full state. Month,' as in Genesis 29, signifies the...

ရွာစေ
'Rain,' in a positive sense, denotes blessing, but in the opposite sense, damnation Rain,' as in Genesis 2:5-6, Exodus 34:25-27, and Hosea 6:3, signifies the...

နှစ်
The number "two" has two different meanings in the Bible. In most cases "two" indicates a joining together or unification. This is easy to see...

ရေ
'Waters' signify truths in the natural self, and in the opposite sense, falsities. 'Waters' signify particularly the spiritual parts of a person, or the intellectual...

ဒဏ်ခတ်
'To smite' signifies condemnation. 'To smite,' as in Genesis 14:15, signifies vindication. 'To smite,' as in Genesis 32:8, signifies destruction. 'To smite the earth with...

စပျစ်ဥယျာဉ်
'A vine' signifies spiritual good and truth. 'A vine' or 'vineyard' signifies the church where the Word, and the Lord in it, is known, or...

သင်္ဘောသဖန်းပင်
The Writings tell us that the fig tree represents the "natural human," which is our outward life in the world, and the thoughts and feelings...

သံလွင်
'An olive,' as in Isaiah 17:6, signifies celestial remains. 'An olive' signifies love and charity, because 'the olive tree' signifies the celestial church, and so...

ကိုက်စား
When we eat, our bodies break down the food and get from it both energy and materials for building and repairing the body. The process...

ကာလနာ
'Pestilence' denotes the vastation of good and truth.

ကွပ်မျက်
'To slay a man to his wounding,' means extinguishing faith, and 'to slay a young man to his hurt,' signifies extinguishing charity, as in Genesis...

မြင်း
'A horse' signifies knowledges or understanding of the Word. In an opposite sense it signifies the understanding of the Word falsified by reasonings, and likewise...

နှာခေါင်း
'A blast of the breath of the nostrils' signify the same thing as 'his anger and wrath.'

ဘုရားသခ
The Lord is love itself, expressed in the form of wisdom itself. Love, then, is His essence, His inmost. Wisdom - the loving understanding of...

သောဒုံမြို့
"Sodom" in the Bible represents the love of self and the love of ruling or dominating others springing from the love of self. This is...

မှောက်
'Overturned' signifies punishing.

လေ
Because a nearer and stronger divine influx through the heavens disperses truths among the wicked, 'wind' signifies this dispersion of truth and the resulting conjunction...

မြင်
The symbolic meaning of "seeing" is "understanding," which is obvious enough that it has become part of common language (think about it; you might see...

မြေ
Land' in the Word, denotes the church, for the things which signify the church also signify the things relating to the church, for these constitute...

ကောင်းကင်ဗိုလ်ခြေအရှင်
A host and an army come from the same Hebrew word and mean the same thing in Bible; when the Children of Israel were numbered...

Komentář

 

Exploring the Meaning of Amos 4      

By Helen Kennedy

In chapter 4 of the Book of Amos, verses 1-3 talk about people who pervert the truths of the church. They will fall into falsities in outermost things. Fish are lower things, so it follows that fishhooks (verse 2) would mean being caught and held fast in natural or lower things.

Verses 4-6 talk about things of worship such as tithes and sacrifices. These look similar to genuine worship, but are only in outermost things. We can tell because ‘teeth’ (verse 6) represent ultimates or outermost things (Secrets of Heaven 6380), so it follows that “cleanness of teeth” would mean outermost things that look good but only imitate genuine worship. The Lord exhorts, “Yet you have not returned to me.”

Verses 7-8. Some things true will remain, when the rest are false, in consequence of which truths will have no power. This can be seen where the Lord says, “I made it rain on one city; I withheld rain from another city... where it did not rain the part withered.” Again the Lord exhorts, “Yet you have not returned to me.”

Verse 9. Afterward all things of the church are falsified, shown in how blight attacked the gardens, vineyards, fig tree and olive trees. The last three represent spiritual, natural and celestial things, or all the things of spiritual life. “Yet you have not returned to me,” says the Lord.

Verses 10-11. The Lord explains the devastating things he allowed to happen: plague in Egypt, death of young men by swords, stench in the camps, Sodom and Gomorrah. This is because they are profaned by sensual knowledges - profanation meaning the mixing of good and evil together (Secrets of Heaven 1001:2).

This extends to all things of the church, the church being the Lord’s kingdom on earth (Secrets of Heaven 768:3).

With profanation “as soon as any idea of what is holy arises, the idea of what is profane joins immediately to it” (Secrets of Heaven 301).

Now there is hardly anything left. “Yet you have not returned to Me,” says the Lord again.

Verses 12-13. Because people adamantly remain in their profane ways, they are warned, “Prepare to meet your God!”. This is the God powerful and mighty, “who forms mountains, and creates the wind,” and even more close to home, “Who declares to man what his thought is.” As intimately a knowing as that is, the Lord’s love for all humanity is contained in His exhortations for them to turn themselves to Him.

See, for example, Luke 6:44-45, and True Christian Religion 373.

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Arcana Coelestia # 1001

Arcana Coelestia (Elliott translation)      

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1001. 'Blood' means charity, as becomes clear from many considerations, and so means the new will part which a regenerate spiritual person receives from the Lord. This new will part is identical with charity, for it is from charity that the new will takes form. Indeed charity, or love, is the essential element or the life of the will, for nobody can possibly say he wills something unless he takes delight in it or loves it. When people say they have something in mind this does not imply that they will it, unless will is implicit in thought. This new will which is one of charity is 'the blood' here. It is not the person's own but the Lord's residing with him. And because it is the Lord's it must never be mixed together with things that belong to the person's own will which, as stated, is so foul. This was the reason why in the representative Church people were commanded not to eat flesh with its soul, that is, not to eat the blood. That is to say, they were not to mix the one with the other. Because 'blood' meant charity it meant that which was holy, and because 'flesh' meant what belonged to the merely human will, it meant that which was unholy. And because these, being opposites, were quite separate, people were forbidden to eat blood. For in those times 'the eating of flesh together with the blood' was representative in heaven of profanation, or the mixing together of holy and unholy - which representation in heaven could do nothing else than strike the angels with horror. For at that period of time all things that took place among members of the Church were converted among angels - according to the meaning such things had in the internal sense - into corresponding spiritual representations.

[2] Since the nature of everything depends on that of the person to whom it refers, the same holds true with regard to the meaning of blood. When it refers to a regenerate spiritual person 'blood' means charity or love towards the neighbour. When it refers to a regenerate celestial person it means love to the Lord. But when it refers to the Lord it means the whole of His Human Essence, and so Love itself, which is His mercy towards the human race. Consequently since 'blood' in general means love and what belongs to love, it means heavenly things that are the Lord's alone, and so in reference to man it means the heavenly things a person receives from the Lord. The heavenly things that a regenerate spiritual person receives from the Lord are celestial-spiritual. These in the Lord's Divine mercy will be dealt with elsewhere.

[3] That 'blood' means heavenly things, and in the highest sense meant the Lord's Human Essence, and so Love itself, which is His mercy towards the human race, becomes clear from the sacredness that the Jewish representative Church was required to attach to blood. For this reason blood was called 'the blood of the covenant'. It was sprinkled over the people, and also, together with the anointing oil, over Aaron and his sons. And [the blood] of every burnt offering and sacrifice was sprinkled over and around the altar. For these details, see Exodus 12:7, 13, 22-23; 24:6, 8; Leviticus 1:5, 11, 15; 4:6-7, 17-18, 25, 30, 34; 5:9; 16:12-15; 18, 19; Numbers 18:17; Deuteronomy 12:27.

(Odkazy: Leviticus 16:14-15, 16:18-19)


[4] Because blood was held to be so holy, and what belonged to the merely human will was so unholy, they were strictly forbidden to eat blood because this represented the profanation of what is holy, as in Moses,

It shall be a perpetual statute throughout your generations, in all your dwelling-places, that you shall not eat any fat or any blood. Leviticus 3:17.

'Fat' stands for celestial life, and 'blood' in this instance for celestial-spiritual life. The celestial-spiritual is that which is spiritual having a celestial origin, as with the Most Ancient Church. With them love to the Lord was the celestial because this had been implanted in their will, while that which was celestial-spiritual with them was faith flowing from it, dealt with in 30-38, 337, 793, 398. But with a spiritual person the celestial does not exist, only the celestial-spiritual, because charity is implanted in the understanding part of his mind. In the same author,

As for anyone from the house of Israel or from the sojourner sojourning among them who eats any blood, I will set My face 1 against the soul eating blood and will cut him off from among his people, for the soul of the flesh is in the blood; and I have given it for you upon the altar, to make atonement for your souls, for the blood itself will make atonement by reason of the soul. The soul of all flesh is the blood of it; everyone eating it shall be cut off. Leviticus 17:10-11, 14.

Here it is plainly stated that the soul of the flesh is in the blood and that the soul of [all] flesh is the blood, or that which is celestial, that is, that which is holy and is the Lord's.

(Odkazy: Arcana Coelestia 393)


[5] In the same author,

Be sure that you do not eat blood, for the blood is the soul and you shall not eat the soul with the flesh. Deuteronomy 12:23-25.

From these words similarly it is clear that the blood is called the soul, that is, celestial life, or that which is celestial, and was represented by the burnt offerings and sacrifices of that Church. In a similar way, it was the requirement not to mingle that which was celestial - the Lord's Proprium, which alone is celestial and holy - with man's proprium, which is unholy, that was represented also by their being forbidden to make a sacrifice of, that is, to offer, the blood of the sacrifice with anything leavened, Exodus 23:18; 34:25. That which was 'leavened' meant that which was corrupt and filthy.

[6] The reason Why 'blood' is called the soul and means the holiness of charity, and why the holiness of love was represented in the Jewish Church by 'blood', is that the life of the body lies in the blood. And because the life of the body lies in the blood it is its ultimate soul, so that the blood therefore may be called the bodily soul, or the place where a person's bodily life resides. And because in representative Churches internal things were represented by external, the soul or celestial life was therefore represented by 'the blood'.

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Footnotes:

1. literally, faces

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(Odkazy: Genesis 9:4)

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Inbound References:

Arcana Coelestia 2426, 3300, 3325, 3398, 3757, 4031, 4601, 6348, 7326, 10283, 10287

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Thanks to the Swedenborg Society for the permission to use this translation.


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