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Amos 4

Myanmar/Burmese: Judson (1835)     

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1 ဆင်းရဲသောသူတို့ကို ညှဉ်းဆဲလျက်၊ ငတ်မွတ်သောသူတို့ကိုနှိပ်စက်လျက်၊ မိမိသခင်တို့အား ငါတို့ သောက်ဘို့ယူခဲ့ကြဟုဆိုတတ်လျက်၊ ရှမာရိတောင်ပေါ်မှာနေသော ဗာရှန်နွားတို့၊ ဤစကားတော်ကိုနားထောင် ကြလော့။

2 အရှင်ထာဝရဘုရားသည် မိမိသန့်ရှင်းခြင်း ပါရမီတော်ကိုတိုင်တည်၍ ကျိန်ဆိုတော်မူသည်အတိုင်း၊ သင်တို့ကို ငါးမျှားနှင့်၎င်း၊ သင်တို့သားမြေးတို့ကိုပိုက်ကွန်နှင့်၎င်း ဘမ်းဆီးယူသွားရသောကာလ ရောက်လိမ့်မည်။

3 သင်တို့သည် အသီးအသီးကိုယ်စီတွေ့သော အပေါက်ဖြင့်ထွက်၍ ရဲတိုက်ထဲသို့ ချခြင်းကိုခံရကြမည်ဟု ထာဝရဘုရားမိန့်တော်မူ၏။

4 ဗေသလမြို့သို့သွား၍ ပြစ်မှားကြလော့။ ဂိလဂါလမြို့သို့လည်းသွား၍ များစွာသောပြစ်မှားခြင်းခြင်းကို ပြုကြလော့။ နံနက်တိုင်းပူဇော်သောယဇ်ကို၎င်း၊ သုံးနှစ်တခါ ဥစ္စာဆယ်ဘို့တဘို့ကို၎င်း ဆောင်ခဲ့ကြလော့။

5 လုယူသောဥစ္စာထဲကကျေးဇူးချီးမွမ်းရာ ပူဇော်သက္ကာကို မီးရှို့ကြလော့။ အလိုလိုပြုသော ပူဇော်သက္ကာ များကိုလည်း ကြားပြော၍ကြော်ငြာစေကြလော့။ အိုဣသရေလအမျိုးသားတို့၊ ထိုသို့ပြုရာတွင် သင်တို့သည် မွေ့လျော်တတ်ကြသည်ဟု အရှင်ထာဝရဘုရား မိန့်တော်မူ၏။

6 ငါသည်လည်း၊ သင်တို့မြို့ရွာရှိသမျှတို့၌ သွားတို့၏ စင်ကြယ်ခြင်းကို၎င်း၊ သင်တို့နေရာအရပ်ရှိသမျှတို့၌ အစာခေါင်းပါးခြင်းကို၎င်းပေးသော်လည်း၊ သင်တို့သည် ငါ့ထံသို့ပြန်၍ မလာကြဟုထာဝရဘုရားမိန့်တော်မူ၏။

7 စပါးရိတ်ရာကာလမရောက်မှီ သုံးအထက်က၊ မိုဃ်းမရွာစေခြင်းငှါ မိုဃ်းကိုငါဆီးတားပြီ။ မြို့မြို့ပေါ်မှာ ရွာစေခြင်းငှါ၎င်း၊ တမြို့ပေါ်မှာမရွာစေခြင်းငှါ၎င်းပြုျက်၊ မြေတကွက်သည် မိုဃ်းရေကိုခံရ၍ တကွက်သည် မခံရ၊ သွေ့ခြောက်ျက် နေရ၏။

8 ထိုသို့မြို့နှစ်မြို့သုံးမြို့သားတို့သည် ရေသောက်ခြင်းငှါ မြို့မြို့သို့သွားရ၍ မဝရကြ။ သို့သော်လည်း၊ သင်တို့သည် ငါ့ထံသို့ ပြန်၍မလာကြဟု ထာဝရဘုရားမိန့်တော်မူ၏။

9 လေထိ၍အပင်သေခြင်း၊ အရည်ယို၍ သေခြင်းဘေးဖြင့် ငါသည်ဒဏ်ခတ်လေပြီ။ သင်တို့၌ များပြားသောလယ်ယာ၊ စပျစ်ဥယျာဉ်သင်္ဘောသဖန်းပင်သံလွင်ပင်တို့ကို ကျိုင်းကောင်တို့သည် ကိုက်စားကြပြီ။ သို့သော်လည်း၊ ငါ့ထံသို့ ပြန်၍မလာကြဟု ထာဝရဘုရားမိန့်တော်မူ၏။

10 အဲဂုတ္တုပြည်ခံရသော ကာလနာဘေးကို သင်တို့ရှိရာသို့ ငါစေလွှတ်လေပြီ။ လုလင်တို့ကို ထားဖြင့် ကွပ်မျက်စေပြီ။ မြင်းတို့ကိုသိမ်းသွားစေပြီ။ သင်တို့တပ်၌ ပုပ်စပ်သောအနံ့ကို သင်တို့နှာခေါင်း၌လှိုင်စေပြီ။ သို့သော်လည်း၊ ငါ့ထံသို့ ပြန်၍မလာကြဟု ထာဝရဘုရားမိန့်တော်မူ၏။

11 ဘုရားသခင်သည် သောဒုံမြို့နှင့် ဂေါမောရမြို့ကို မှောက်လှန်သကဲ့သို့၊ သင်တို့အချို့ကိုငါမှောက်လှန်၍ သင်တို့သည် မီးထဲကနှုတ်သောထင်းစကဲ့သို့ ဖြစ်ကြပြီ။ သို့သော်လည်း၊ ငါ့ထံသို့ ပြန်၍မလာကြဟု ထာဝရဘုရား မိန့်တော်မူ၏။

12 သို့ဖြစ်၍၊ အိုဣသရေလအမျိုး၊ အထက်က ပြုသကဲ့သို့ သင်တို့၌ငါပြုဦးမည်။ ထိုသို့ပြုမည်ဖြစ်သော ကြောင့်၊ အိုဣသရေလအမျိုး၊ သင်၏ဘုရားသခင်နှင့် တွေ့ခြင်းငှါ ကိုယ်ကိုပြင်ဆင်လော့။

13 တောင်တို့ကို လုပ်၍လေကိုဖန်ဆင်းထသော၊ လူစိတ်အကြံအစည်ကို လူအားဘော်ပြထသော၊ နံနက် အလင်းကို အမိုက်ဖြစ်စေထသော၊ မြင့်သောမြေအရပ်တို့ကို နင်းသောသူသည် ကောင်းကင်ဗိုလ်ခြေအရှင် ထာဝရဘုရားတည်းဟူသော ဘွဲ့နာမရှိတော်မူ၏။

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Exploring the Meaning of Amos 4      

By Helen Kennedy

In chapter 4 of the Book of Amos, verses 1-3 talk about people who pervert the truths of the church. They will fall into falsities in outermost things. Fish are lower things, so it follows that fishhooks (verse 2) would mean being caught and held fast in natural or lower things.

Verses 4-6 talk about things of worship such as tithes and sacrifices. These look similar to genuine worship, but are only in outermost things. We can tell because ‘teeth’ (verse 6) represent ultimates or outermost things (Secrets of Heaven 6380), so it follows that “cleanness of teeth” would mean outermost things that look good but only imitate genuine worship. The Lord exhorts, “Yet you have not returned to me.”

Verses 7-8. Some things true will remain, when the rest are false, in consequence of which truths will have no power. This can be seen where the Lord says, “I made it rain on one city; I withheld rain from another city... where it did not rain the part withered.” Again the Lord exhorts, “Yet you have not returned to me.”

Verse 9. Afterward all things of the church are falsified, shown in how blight attacked the gardens, vineyards, fig tree and olive trees. The last three represent spiritual, natural and celestial things, or all the things of spiritual life. “Yet you have not returned to me,” says the Lord.

Verses 10-11. The Lord explains the devastating things he allowed to happen: plague in Egypt, death of young men by swords, stench in the camps, Sodom and Gomorrah. This is because they are profaned by sensual knowledges - profanation meaning the mixing of good and evil together (Secrets of Heaven 1001:2).

This extends to all things of the church, the church being the Lord’s kingdom on earth (Secrets of Heaven 768:3).

With profanation “as soon as any idea of what is holy arises, the idea of what is profane joins immediately to it” (Secrets of Heaven 301).

Now there is hardly anything left. “Yet you have not returned to Me,” says the Lord again.

Verses 12-13. Because people adamantly remain in their profane ways, they are warned, “Prepare to meet your God!”. This is the God powerful and mighty, “who forms mountains, and creates the wind,” and even more close to home, “Who declares to man what his thought is.” As intimately a knowing as that is, the Lord’s love for all humanity is contained in His exhortations for them to turn themselves to Him.

See, for example, Luke 6:44-45, and True Christian Religion 373.

Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

The Inner Meaning of the Prophets and Psalms 204


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcana Coelestia 382, 1069, 1453, 2165, 2220, 2799, 2842, ...

Apocalypse Revealed 336, 439, 474, 496, 502, 862

The Lord 49


References from Swedenborg's unpublished works:

Apocalypse Explained 403, 405, 513, 532, 556, 560, 608, ...

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Word/Phrase Explanations

ဆင်းရဲသော
In most cases, those described as "needy" in the Bible are those who lack true knowledge of the Lord and his teachings, but have a...

သခင်
In most cases, a "master" in the Bible refers to truth: knowledge, an understanding of the situation at hand, an understanding of the Lord's wishes,...

ရှမာရိ
'Samaria,' as in Amos 4:1. 6:1, signifies the spiritual church perverted.

တောင်ပေါ်မှာ
'Hills' signify the good of charity.

နားထောင်
'To hearken to father and mother,' as mentioned in Genesis 28:7, signifies obedience from affection. 'To hearken,' as mentioned in Genesis 30:22, signifies providence. See...

ဘုရား
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

ကျိန်ဆို
The Lord swearing by himself signifies that divine truth testifies, for He is divine truth itself, and this testifies from itself and means itself. It...

ဗေသလမြို့
When Jacob had his famous dream, of a staircase leading to heaven, he named the place "Bethel," which is Hebrew for "the house of God."...

ဂိလဂါလ
Gilgal signifies the doctrine of natural truth, serving for introduction into the church.

နံနက်
Morning comes with the rising of the sun, and the sun – which gives life to the earth with its warmth and light – represents...

သုံး
The Writings talk about many aspects of life using the philosophical terms "end," "cause" and "effect." The "end" is someone’s goal or purpose, the ultimate...

ဆယ်ဘို့တဘို့
'Tithes,' as in tenths, signifies goods and truths stored up from the Lord in a person’s interior self. These goods are called remains. When these...

သား
'A son,' as in Genesis 5:28, signifies the rise of a new church. 'Son,' as in Genesis 24:3, signifies the Lord’s rationality regarding good. 'A...

ပြန်.
Everyone knows the phrase "the natural order of things." It means that everything is in its proper place, occupying the niche it is meant to...

မြို့
Cities of the mountain and cities of the plain (Jer. 33:13) signify doctrines of charity and faith.

သွား
'Tooth,' as in Exodus 21:24, denotes the exterior understanding, and natural truth.

နေရာ
'A dry place,' as in Luke 11:24, signifies states of evil and falsity which are in the life of someone who does the work of...

အစာ
Just as natural food feeds the natural body, so spiritual food feeds the spiritual body. And since our spiritual body is the expression of what...

ပေး
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

စပါးရိတ်ရာကာလ
'A harvest' symbolizes the state of the church with respect to Divine truth. The reason is that a harvest yields the grain used to make...


'A month' has respect to the state of truth in a person. 'A month' signifies a full state. Month,' as in Genesis 29, signifies the...

ရွာစေ
'Rain,' in a positive sense, denotes blessing, but in the opposite sense, damnation Rain,' as in Genesis 2:5-6, Exodus 34:25-27, and Hosea 6:3, signifies the...

နှစ်
The number "two" has two different meanings in the Bible. In most cases "two" indicates a joining together or unification. This is easy to see...

ရေ
'Waters' signify truths in the natural self, and in the opposite sense, falsities. 'Waters' signify particularly the spiritual parts of a person, or the intellectual...

ဒဏ်ခတ်
'To smite' signifies condemnation. 'To smite,' as in Genesis 14:15, signifies vindication. 'To smite,' as in Genesis 32:8, signifies destruction. 'To smite the earth with...

စပျစ်ဥယျာဉ်
'A vine' signifies spiritual good and truth. 'A vine' or 'vineyard' signifies the church where the Word, and the Lord in it, is known, or...

သင်္ဘောသဖန်းပင်
The Writings tell us that the fig tree represents the "natural human," which is our outward life in the world, and the thoughts and feelings...

သံလွင်
'An olive,' as in Isaiah 17:6, signifies celestial remains. 'An olive' signifies love and charity, because 'the olive tree' signifies the celestial church, and so...

ကိုက်စား
When we eat, our bodies break down the food and get from it both energy and materials for building and repairing the body. The process...

ကာလနာ
'Pestilence' denotes the vastation of good and truth.

ကွပ်မျက်
'To slay a man to his wounding,' means extinguishing faith, and 'to slay a young man to his hurt,' signifies extinguishing charity, as in Genesis...

မြင်း
'A horse' signifies knowledges or understanding of the Word. In an opposite sense it signifies the understanding of the Word falsified by reasonings, and likewise...

နှာခေါင်း
'A blast of the breath of the nostrils' signify the same thing as 'his anger and wrath.'

ဘုရားသခ
The Lord is love itself, expressed in the form of wisdom itself. Love, then, is His essence, His inmost. Wisdom - the loving understanding of...

သောဒုံမြို့
"Sodom" in the Bible represents the love of self and the love of ruling or dominating others springing from the love of self. This is...

မှောက်
'Overturned' signifies punishing.

လေ
Because a nearer and stronger divine influx through the heavens disperses truths among the wicked, 'wind' signifies this dispersion of truth and the resulting conjunction...

မြင်
The symbolic meaning of "seeing" is "understanding," which is obvious enough that it has become part of common language (think about it; you might see...

မြေ
Land' in the Word, denotes the church, for the things which signify the church also signify the things relating to the church, for these constitute...

ကောင်းကင်ဗိုလ်ခြေအရှင်
A host and an army come from the same Hebrew word and mean the same thing in Bible; when the Children of Israel were numbered...

Komentář

 

Exploring the Meaning of Amos 4      

By Helen Kennedy

In chapter 4 of the Book of Amos, verses 1-3 talk about people who pervert the truths of the church. They will fall into falsities in outermost things. Fish are lower things, so it follows that fishhooks (verse 2) would mean being caught and held fast in natural or lower things.

Verses 4-6 talk about things of worship such as tithes and sacrifices. These look similar to genuine worship, but are only in outermost things. We can tell because ‘teeth’ (verse 6) represent ultimates or outermost things (Secrets of Heaven 6380), so it follows that “cleanness of teeth” would mean outermost things that look good but only imitate genuine worship. The Lord exhorts, “Yet you have not returned to me.”

Verses 7-8. Some things true will remain, when the rest are false, in consequence of which truths will have no power. This can be seen where the Lord says, “I made it rain on one city; I withheld rain from another city... where it did not rain the part withered.” Again the Lord exhorts, “Yet you have not returned to me.”

Verse 9. Afterward all things of the church are falsified, shown in how blight attacked the gardens, vineyards, fig tree and olive trees. The last three represent spiritual, natural and celestial things, or all the things of spiritual life. “Yet you have not returned to me,” says the Lord.

Verses 10-11. The Lord explains the devastating things he allowed to happen: plague in Egypt, death of young men by swords, stench in the camps, Sodom and Gomorrah. This is because they are profaned by sensual knowledges - profanation meaning the mixing of good and evil together (Secrets of Heaven 1001:2).

This extends to all things of the church, the church being the Lord’s kingdom on earth (Secrets of Heaven 768:3).

With profanation “as soon as any idea of what is holy arises, the idea of what is profane joins immediately to it” (Secrets of Heaven 301).

Now there is hardly anything left. “Yet you have not returned to Me,” says the Lord again.

Verses 12-13. Because people adamantly remain in their profane ways, they are warned, “Prepare to meet your God!”. This is the God powerful and mighty, “who forms mountains, and creates the wind,” and even more close to home, “Who declares to man what his thought is.” As intimately a knowing as that is, the Lord’s love for all humanity is contained in His exhortations for them to turn themselves to Him.

See, for example, Luke 6:44-45, and True Christian Religion 373.

Ze Swedenborgových děl

 

Apocalypse Explained # 608

Apocalypse Explained (Whitehead translation)      

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608. Verse 6 (Revelation 10:6). And he sware by Him that liveth unto the ages of the ages, signifies the verity from His own Divine. This is evident from the signification of "to swear," as being a strong assertion and confirmation, and in reference to the Lord the verity (of which presently); also from the signification of "Him that liveth unto the ages of the ages," as being the Divine from eternity, which alone lives, and which is the source of life to all in the universe, both angels and men. (That this is signified by "Him that liveth unto the ages of the ages" may be seen above, n. 289, 291, 349.) That "to swear" signifies asseveration and confirmation, but here verity (since it is the Lord that is meant by the angel that swears), can be seen from this, that "to swear" means to asseverate and confirm that a thing is so, and when done by the Lord means Divine verity; for oaths are made only by those who are not interiorly in truth itself, that is, by those who are not interior but only exterior men; consequently they are never made by angels, still less by the Lord; but He is said in the Word to swear, and the Israelites were allowed to swear by God, because they were only exterior men, and because the asseveration and confirmation of the internal man, when it comes into the external, falls into the form of an oath. In the Israelitish Church all things were external, representing and signifying things internal. The Word in the sense of the letter is similar. From this it can be seen that "the angel sware by Him that liveth unto the ages of the ages" cannot mean that he thus sware, but that he said in himself that this is verity, and that when this came down into the natural sphere it was changed, according to correspondences, into the form of an oath.

(Odkazy: The Apocalypse Explained 289, 291, The Apocalypse Explained 349)


[2] Now as "to swear" is only an external corresponding to the confirmation that belongs to the mind of the internal man, and is therefore significative of that, so in the Word of the Old Testament it is said to be lawful to swear by God, yea, that God Himself is said to swear. That this signifies confirmation, asseveration and simply verity, or that it is true, can be seen from the following passages. In Isaiah:

Jehovah hath sworn by His right hand and by the arm of His strength (Isaiah 62:8).

In Jeremiah:

Jehovah of Hosts hath sworn by His soul (Jeremiah 51:14; Amos 6:8).

In Amos:

The Lord Jehovih hath sworn by His holiness (Amos 4:2).

In the same:

Jehovah hath sworn by the excellency of Jacob (Amos 8:7).

In Jeremiah:

Behold, I have sworn by My great name (Jeremiah 44:26).

Jehovah is said "to have sworn by His right hand," "by His soul," "by His holiness," and "by His name," to signify by Divine verity; for "the right hand of Jehovah," "the arm of His strength," "His holiness," "His name," and "His soul," mean the Lord in relation to Divine truth, thus Divine truth proceeding from the Lord; the like is meant by "the excellency of Jacob," for "the mighty One of Jacob" means the Lord in relation to Divine truth.

[3] That "to swear," in reference to Jehovah, signifies confirmation by Himself, that is, from His Divine, is evident in Isaiah:

By Myself have I sworn, the word has gone forth from My mouth, and shall not be recalled (Isaiah 14:23).

In Jeremiah:

By Myself I have sworn that this house shall become a desolation (Jeremiah 22:5).

Because "to swear" in reference to Jehovah signifies Divine verity it is said in David:

Jehovah hath sworn truth unto David, He turneth 1 not from it (Psalms 132:11).

(Odkazy: Isaiah 45:23)


[4] Jehovah God, or the Lord, never swears, for to swear is not becoming to God Himself, or the Divine verity; but when God, or the Divine verity, wills to have anything confirmed before men, then that confirmation in its descent into the natural sphere falls into the form or formula of an oath, such as is used in the world. This shows why it is said in the sense of the letter of the Word, which is the natural sense, that God swears, although He never swears. This, then, is the signification of "to swear" in reference to Jehovah or the Lord in the preceding passages, and also in the following. In Isaiah:

Jehovah of Hosts hath sworn, saying, Surely as I have thought, so shall it come to pass (Isaiah 14:24).

In David:

I have made a covenant with My chosen, I have sworn unto David My servant. Lord, Thou hast sworn unto David in verity (Psalms 89:3, 35, 49).

In the same:

Jehovah hath sworn and will not repent (Psalms 110:4).

In Ezekiel:

I have sworn unto thee, and have entered into a covenant with thee, that thou mightest become Mine (Ezekiel 16:8).

In David:

Unto whom I have sworn in Mine anger (Psalms 95:11).

In Isaiah:

I have sworn that the waters of Noah shall no more pass over the earth (Isaiah 54:9).

In Luke:

To remember His holy covenant, the oath which He sware to Abraham our father (Luke 1:72, 73).

In David:

He hath remembered His covenant which He made with Abraham, and His oath with Isaac (Psalms 105:8, 9).

In Jeremiah:

That I may establish the oath which I have sworn unto your fathers (Jeremiah 11:5; 32:22).

In Moses:

The land which I have sworn to give unto your fathers (Deuteronomy 1:35; 10:11; 11:9, 21; 26:3, 15; 31:20; 34:4).

(Odkazy: Luke 1:72-73; Psalms 105:8-9)


[5] From this it can be seen what is meant by "the angel lifted up his hand to heaven, and sware by Him that liveth unto the ages of the ages," as it is likewise said in Daniel:

And I heard the man clothed in linen, that he held up his right hand and his left hand unto the heavens, and sware by Him that liveth unto the ages of the ages (Daniel 12:7);

as meaning to bear witness before the angels respecting the state of the church, that what follows is Divine verity.

[6] Because the church that was instituted with the sons of Israel was a representative church, in which all things that were commanded were natural things representing and signifying spiritual things, the sons of Israel, with whom that church existed, were permitted to swear by Jehovah, and by His name, likewise by the holy things of the church; and this represented and thus signified internal confirmation, and also verity, as can be seen from the following passages. In Isaiah:

He that blesseth himself in the earth let him bless himself in the God of truth, and he that sweareth in the earth let him swear in the God of truth (Isaiah 65:16).

In Jeremiah:

Swear by the living Jehovah, in truth, in judgment, and in righteousness (Jeremiah 4:2).

In Moses:

Thou shalt fear Jehovah thy God, Him shalt thou serve, and shalt swear in His name (Deuteronomy 6:13; 10:20).

In Isaiah:

In that day there shall be five cities in the land of Egypt that swear to Jehovah of Hosts (Isaiah 19:18).

In Jeremiah:

If in learning they will learn the ways of My people, to swear by My name, Jehovah liveth! (Jeremiah 12:16).

In David:

Everyone that sweareth by God shall glory, but the mouth of them that speak a lie shall be stopped (Psalms 63:11).

"To swear by God" here signifies to speak the truth, for it is added, "the mouth of them that speak a lie shall be stopped." (That they swore by God see also Genesis 21:23, 24, 31; Joshua 2:12; 9:20; Judges 21:7; 1 Kings 1:17.)

(Odkazy: Genesis 21:23-24)


[7] As the ancients were allowed to swear by Jehovah God, it follows that it was an enormous evil to swear falsely or to swear to a lie, as is evident from these passages. In Malachi:

I will be a witness against the sorcerers, and against the adulterers, and against those that swear to a lie (Malachi 3:5).

In Moses:

Thou shalt not swear to a lie by My name, so that thou profane the name of thy God; also, Thou shalt not take the name of thy God in vain (Leviticus 19:12; Deuteronomy 5:11; Exodus 20:7; Zechariah 5:4).

In Jeremiah:

Run ye to and fro through the streets of Jerusalem, and see whether there be any who say, By the living Jehovah; surely they swear by a lie. Thy sons have destroyed 2 Me, and sworn by one not God (Jeremiah 5:1, 2, 7).

In Hosea:

Israel, ye shall not swear, Jehovah liveth (Hosea 4:15).

In Zephaniah:

I will cut off them that swear by Jehovah, and that swear by their king, and them that are turned back from following Jehovah (Zephaniah 1:4-6).

In Zechariah:

Love not the oath of a lie (Zechariah 8:17).

In Isaiah:

Hear ye, O house of Jacob, who swear by the name of Jehovah, not in truth nor in righteousness (Isaiah 48:1).

In David:

The clean in hands and the pure in heart doth not lift up his soul unto vanity, nor swear with deceit (Psalms 24:4).

(Odkazy: Jeremiah 5:1-2)


[8] From this it can be seen that the ancients, who were in the representatives and the significatives of the church, were permitted to swear by Jehovah God in order to bear witness to the truth, and by that oath it was signified that they thought what is true and willed what is good. Especially was this granted to the sons of Jacob, because they were wholly external and natural men, and not internal and spiritual; and merely external or natural men wish to have the truth confirmed and witnessed to by oaths; but internal or spiritual men do not wish this; indeed, they turn away from oaths and shudder at them, especially those in which God and the holy things of heaven and the church are appealed to, and are content with saying and with having it said that a thing is true, or that it is so.

[9] As swearing does not belong to the internal or spiritual man, and as the Lord, when He came into the world, taught men to be internal or spiritual, and to that end abrogated the externals of the church, and opened its internals, therefore He forbade swearing by God and by the holy things of heaven and the church. This is evident from these words of the Lord in Matthew:

Ye have heard that it was said, Thou shalt not swear [falsely], but shalt perform unto the Lord thine oath; but I say unto you, swear not at all; neither by the heaven, for it is the throne of God; neither by the earth, for it is the footstool of His feet; neither by Jerusalem, for it is a city of the great King. Neither shalt thou swear by thy head, for thou canst not make one hair white or black (Matthew 5:33-37).

Here the holy things by which one must not swear are mentioned, namely, "heaven," "earth," "Jerusalem," and the "head;" and "heaven" means the angelic heaven, wherefore it is called "the throne of God" (that "the throne of God" means that heaven, see above, n. 253, 462, 477); "the earth" means the church (see above, n. 29, 304, 413, 417), which is called therefore "the footstool of God's feet" (that "the footstool of God's feet" also means the church, see above, n. 606; "Jerusalem" means the doctrine of the church, wherefore it is called "the city of the great king" (that "city" means doctrine, see above, n. 223; and the "head" means intelligence therefrom (see above, n. 553, 577), therefore it is said "thou canst not make one hair white or black," which signifies that man of himself can understand nothing.

(Odkazy: Matthew 5:33-36; The Apocalypse Explained 29, The Apocalypse Explained 223, 253, The Apocalypse Explained 304, The Apocalypse Explained 413, 417, 462, 477, 553, 577, 606)


[10] Again, in the same:

Woe unto you, ye blind guides, for ye say, Whosoever shall swear by the temple it is nothing; but whosoever shall swear by the gold of the temple he is a debtor! Ye fools and blind; for whether is greater, the gold or the temple that sanctifieth the gold? And whosoever shall swear by the altar it is nothing; but whosoever shall swear by the gift that is upon it he is a debtor. Ye fools and blind; whether is greater, the gift or the altar that sanctifieth the gift? But whosoever sweareth by the altar sweareth by it and by everything thereon. And whosoever sweareth by the temple sweareth by it and by Him that dwelleth therein. And he that sweareth by heaven sweareth by the throne of God and by Him that sitteth thereon (Matthew 23:16-22).

One must not swear "by the temple and by the altar," because to swear by these was to swear by the Lord, by heaven, and by the church; for the "temple" in the highest sense means the Lord in relation to Divine truth, and in a relative sense heaven and the church in respect to truth, likewise all worship from Divine truth (see above, n. 220; and the "altar" signifies the Lord in relation to Divine good, and in a relative sense heaven and the church in respect to that good, likewise all worship from Divine good (see above, n. 391; and because by the Lord all Divine things that proceed from Him are meant, for He is in them and they are His, so he who swears by Him swears by all things that are His; likewise he who swears by heaven and by the church, swears by all the holy things that belong to heaven and the church, for heaven is the complex and containant of these things; so, in like manner, is the church; therefore it is said that the temple is greater than the gold of the temple, because the temple sanctifies the gold, and that the altar is greater than the gift which is upon it, because the altar sanctifies the gift.

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Footnotes:

1.  Latin has "turneth," the Hebrew "turn back," which is found in AC 2842.

2.  Latin has "destroyed," the Hebrew "forsaken. "

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(Odkazy: Isaiah 45:23; Matthew 5:33-36; The Apocalypse Explained 220, The Apocalypse Explained 391)

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References from Swedenborg's unpublished works:

Apocalypse Explained 605, 1029


Thanks to the Swedenborg Foundation for their permission to use this translation.


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