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Ezekiel 34

Greek OT: LXX [A] Unaccented Roots & Parsing         

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1 και-C γιγνομαι-VBI-AMI3S λογος-N2--NSM κυριος-N2--GSM προς-P εγω- P--AS λεγω-V1--PAPNSM

2 υιος-N2--VSM ανθρωπος-N2--GSM προφητευω-VA--AAD2S επι-P ο- A--APM ποιμην-N3--APM ο- A--GSM *ισραηλ-N---GSM προφητευω-VA--AAD2S και-C ειπον-VB--AAD2S ο- A--DPM ποιμην-N3--DPM οδε- D--APN λεγω-V1--PAI3S κυριος-N2--NSM κυριος-N2--NSM ω-I ποιμην-N3--NPM *ισραηλ-N---GSM μη-D βοσκω-V1--PAI3P ποιμην-N3--NPM εαυτου- D--APM ου-D ο- A--APN προβατον-N2N-APN βοσκω-V1--PAI3P ο- A--NPM ποιμην-N3--NPM

3 ιδου-I ο- A--ASN γαλα-N3--ASN καταεσθιω-V1--PAI2P και-C ο- A--APN εριον-N2N-APN περιβαλλω-V1--PMI2P και-C ο- A--ASN παχυς-A3U-ASN σφαζω-V1--PAI2P και-C ο- A--APN προβατον-N2N-APN εγω- P--GS ου-D βοσκω-V1--PAI2P

4 ο- A--ASN ασθενεω-VX--XAPASN ου-D ενισχυω-VA--AAI2P και-C ο- A--ASN κακως-D εχω-V1--PAPASN ου-D σωματοποιεω-VAI-AAI2P και-C ο- A--ASN συντριβω-VP--XPPASN ου-D καταδεω-VAI-AAI2P και-C ο- A--ASN πλαναω-V3--PMPASN ου-D επιστρεφω-VAI-AAI2P και-C ο- A--ASN αποολλυω-VX--XAPASN ου-D ζητεω-VAI-AAI2P και-C ο- A--ASN ισχυρος-A1A-ASN καταεργαζομαι-VAI-AMI2P μοχθος-N2--DSM

5 και-C διασπειρω-VDI-API3S ο- A--APN προβατον-N2N-APN εγω- P--GS δια-P ο- A--ASN μη-D ειμι-V9--PAN ποιμην-N3--APM και-C γιγνομαι-VCI-API3S εις-P καταβρωμα-N3M-ASN πας-A3--DPN ο- A--DPN θηριον-N2N-DPN ο- A--GSM αγρος-N2--GSM

6 και-C διασπειρω-VDI-API3S εγω- P--GS ο- A--NPN προβατον-N2N-NPN εν-P πας-A3--DSN ορος-N3E-DSN και-C επι-P πας-A3--ASN βουνος-N2--ASM υψηλος-A1--ASM και-C επι-P προσωπον-N2N-GSN πας-A1S-GSF ο- A--GSF γη-N1--GSF διασπειρω-VDI-API3S και-C ου-D ειμι-V9--IAI3S ο- A--NSM εκζητεω-V2--PAPNSM ουδε-C ο- A--NSM αποστρεφω-V1--PAPNSM

7 δια-P ουτος- D--ASN ποιμην-N3--NPM ακουω-VA--AAD2P λογος-N2--ASM κυριος-N2--GSM

8 ζαω-V3--PAI1S εγω- P--NS λεγω-V1--PAI3S κυριος-N2--NSM κυριος-N2--NSM ει-C μην-X αντι-P ο- A--GSN γιγνομαι-VB--AMN ο- A--NPN προβατον-N2N-NPN εγω- P--GS εις-P προνομη-N1--ASF και-C γιγνομαι-VB--AMN ο- A--NPN προβατον-N2N-NPN εγω- P--GS εις-P καταβρωμα-N3M-ASN πας-A3--DPN ο- A--DPN θηριον-N2N-DPN ο- A--GSN πεδιον-N2N-GSN παρα-P ο- A--ASN μη-D ειμι-V9--PAN ποιμην-N3--APM και-C ου-D εκζητεω-VAI-AAI3P ο- A--NPM ποιμην-N3--NPM ο- A--APN προβατον-N2N-APN εγω- P--GS και-C βοσκω-VAI-AAI3P ο- A--NPM ποιμην-N3--NPM εαυτου- D--APM ο- A--APN δε-X προβατον-N2N-APN εγω- P--GS ου-D βοσκω-VAI-AAI3P

9 αντι-P ουτος- D--GSM ποιμην-N3--NPM

10 οδε- D--APN λεγω-V1--PAI3S κυριος-N2--NSM κυριος-N2--NSM ιδου-I εγω- P--NS επι-P ο- A--APM ποιμην-N3--APM και-C εκζητεω-VF--FAI1S ο- A--APN προβατον-N2N-APN εγω- P--GS εκ-P ο- A--GPF χειρ-N3--GPF αυτος- D--GPM και-C αποστρεφω-VF--FAI1S αυτος- D--APM ο- A--GSN μη-D ποιμαινω-V1--PAN ο- A--APN προβατον-N2N-APN εγω- P--GS και-C ου-D βοσκω-VF--FAI3P ετι-D ο- A--NPM ποιμην-N3--NPM αυτος- D--APN και-C εκαιρεω-VF2-FMI1S ο- A--APN προβατον-N2N-APN εγω- P--GS εκ-P ο- A--GSN στομα-N3M-GSN αυτος- D--GPM και-C ου-D ειμι-VF--FMI3P αυτος- D--DPM ετι-D εις-P καταβρωμα-N3M-ASN

11 διοτι-C οδε- D--APN λεγω-V1--PAI3S κυριος-N2--NSM ιδου-I εγω- P--NS εκζητεω-VF--FAI1S ο- A--APN προβατον-N2N-APN εγω- P--GS και-C επισκεπτομαι-VF--FMI1S αυτος- D--APN

12 ωσπερ-D ζητεω-V2--PAI3S ο- A--NSM ποιμην-N3--NSM ο- A--ASN ποιμνιον-N2N-ASN αυτος- D--GSM εν-P ημερα-N1A-DSF οταν-D ειμι-V9--PAS3S γνοφος-N2--NSM και-C νεφελη-N1--NSF εν-P μεσος-A1--DSM προβατον-N2N-GPN διαχωριζω-VT--XPPGPM ουτως-D εκζητεω-VF--FAI1S ο- A--APN προβατον-N2N-APN εγω- P--GS και-C αποελαυνω-VF3-FAI1S αυτος- D--APN απο-P πας-A3--GSM τοπος-N2--GSM ος- --GSM διασπειρω-VDI-API3P εκει-D εν-P ημερα-N1A-DSF νεφελη-N1--GSF και-C γνοφος-N2--GSM

13 και-C εκαγω-VF--FAI1S αυτος- D--APM εκ-P ο- A--GPN εθνος-N3E-GPN και-C συναγω-VF--FAI1S αυτος- D--APM απο-P ο- A--GPF χωρα-N1A-GPF και-C ειςαγω-VF--FAI1S αυτος- D--APM εις-P ο- A--ASF γη-N1--ASF αυτος- D--GPM και-C βοσκω-VF--FAI1S αυτος- D--APM επι-P ο- A--APN ορος-N3E-APN *ισραηλ-N---GSM και-C εν-P ο- A--DPF φαραγξ-N3G-DPF και-C εν-P πας-A1S-DSF κατοικια-N1A-DSF ο- A--GSF γη-N1--GSF

14 εν-P νομη-N1--DSF αγαθος-A1--DSF βοσκω-VF--FAI1S αυτος- D--APM και-C εν-P ο- A--DSN ορος-N3E-DSN ο- A--DSN υψηλος-A1--DSN *ισραηλ-N---GSM ειμι-VF--FMI3P ο- A--NPF μανδρα-N1A-NPF αυτος- D--GPM εκει-D κοιμαω-VC--FPI3P και-C εκει-D αναπαυω-VF--FMI3P εν-P τρυφη-N1--DSF αγαθος-A1--DSF και-C εν-P νομη-N1--DSF πιων-A3N-DSF βοσκω-VC--FPI3P επι-P ο- A--GPN ορος-N3E-GPN *ισραηλ-N---GSM

15 εγω- P--NS βοσκω-VF--FAI1S ο- A--APN προβατον-N2N-APN εγω- P--GS και-C εγω- P--NS αναπαυω-VF--FAI1S αυτος- D--APN και-C γιγνωσκω-VF--FMI3P οτι-C εγω- P--NS ειμι-V9--PAI1S κυριος-N2--NSM οδε- D--APN λεγω-V1--PAI3S κυριος-N2--NSM κυριος-N2--NSM

16 ο- A--ASN αποολλυω-VX--XAPASN ζητεω-VF--FAI1S και-C ο- A--ASN πλαναω-V3--PMPASN επιστρεφω-VF--FAI1S και-C ο- A--ASN συντριβω-VP--XPPASN καταδεω-VF--FAI1S και-C ο- A--ASN εκλειπω-V1--PAPASN ενισχυω-VF--FAI1S και-C ο- A--ASN ισχυρος-A1A-ASN φυλασσω-VF--FAI1S και-C βοσκω-VF--FAI1S αυτος- D--APN μετα-P κριμα-N3M-GSN

17 και-C συ- P--NP προβατον-N2N-NPN οδε- D--APN λεγω-V1--PAI3S κυριος-N2--NSM κυριος-N2--NSM ιδου-I εγω- P--NS διακρινω-VF2-FAI1S ανα-P μεσος-A1--ASM προβατον-N2N-GSN και-C προβατον-N2N-GSN κριος-N2--GPM και-C τραγος-N2--GPM

18 και-C ου-D ικανος-A1--NSN συ- P--DP οτι-C ο- A--ASF καλος-A1--ASF νομη-N1--ASF νεμω-V1I-IMI2P και-C ο- A--APN καταλοιπος-A1B-APN ο- A--GSF νομη-N1--GSF συ- P--GP καταπατεω-V2I-IAI2P ο- A--DPM πους-N3D-DPM συ- P--GP και-C ο- A--ASN καταιστημι-VXI-XAPASN υδωρ-N3--ASN πινω-V1I-IAI2P και-C ο- A--ASN λοιπος-A1--ASN ο- A--DPM πους-N3D-DPM συ- P--GP ταρασσω-V1I-IAI2P

19 και-C ο- A--APN προβατον-N2N-APN εγω- P--GS ο- A--APN πατημα-N3M-APN ο- A--GPM πους-N3D-GPM συ- P--GP νεμω-V1I-IMI3P και-C ο- A--ASN ταρασσω-VK--XPPASN υδωρ-N3--ASN υπο-P ο- A--GPM πους-N3D-GPM συ- P--GP πινω-V1I-IAI3P

20 δια-P ουτος- D--ASN οδε- D--APN λεγω-V1--PAI3S κυριος-N2--NSM κυριος-N2--NSM ιδου-I εγω- P--NS διακρινω-VF2-FAI1S ανα-P μεσος-A1--ASM προβατον-N2N-GSN ισχυρος-A1A-GSN και-C ανα-P μεσος-A1--ASM προβατον-N2N-GSN ασθενης-A3H-GSN

21 επι-P ο- A--DPF πλευρα-N1A-DPF και-C ο- A--DPM ωμος-N2--DPM συ- P--GP διαωθεω-V2--PMI2P και-C ο- A--DPN κερας-N3T-DPN συ- P--GP κερατιζω-V1I-IAI2P και-C πας-A3--ASN ο- A--ASN εκλειπω-V1--PAPASN εκθλιβω-V1I-IAI2P

22 και-C σωζω-VF--FAI1S ο- A--APN προβατον-N2N-APN εγω- P--GS και-C ου-D μη-D ειμι-V9--PAS3P ετι-D εις-P προνομη-N1--ASF και-C κρινω-VF2-FAI1S ανα-P μεσος-A1--ASM κριος-N2--GSM προς-P κριος-N2--ASM

23 και-C αναιστημι-VF--FAI1S επι-P αυτος- D--APM ποιμην-N3--ASM εις-A3--ASM και-C ποιμαινω-VF2-FAI3S αυτος- D--APM ο- A--ASM δουλος-N2--ASM εγω- P--GS *δαυιδ-N---ASM και-C ειμι-VF--FMI3S αυτος- D--GPM ποιμην-N3--NSM

24 και-C εγω- P--NS κυριος-N2--NSM ειμι-VF--FMI1S αυτος- D--DPM εις-P θεος-N2--ASM και-C *δαυιδ-N---NSM εν-P μεσος-A1--DSM αυτος- D--GPM αρχων-N3--NSM εγω- P--NS κυριος-N2--NSM λαλεω-VAI-AAI1S

25 και-C διατιθημι-VF--FMI1S ο- A--DSM *δαυιδ-N---DSM διαθηκη-N1--ASF ειρηνη-N1--GSF και-C απο αναιζω-VF2-FAI1S θηριον-N2N-APN πονηρος-A1A-APN απο-P ο- A--GSF γη-N1--GSF και-C καταοικεω-VF--FAI3P εν-P ο- A--DSF ερημος-N2--DSF και-C υπνοω-VF--FAI3P εν-P ο- A--DPM δρυμος-N2--DPM

26 και-C διδωμι-VF--FAI1S αυτος- D--APM περικυκλω-D ο- A--GSN ορος-N3E-GSN εγω- P--GS και-C διδωμι-VF--FAI1S ο- A--ASM υετος-N2--ASM συ- P--DP υετος-N2--ASM ευλογια-N1A-GSF

27 και-C ο- A--NPN ξυλον-N2N-NPN ο- A--NPN εν-P ο- A--DSN πεδιον-N2N-DSN διδωμι-VF--FAI3S ο- A--ASM καρπος-N2--ASM αυτος- D--GPM και-C ο- A--NSF γη-N1--NSF διδωμι-VF--FAI3S ο- A--ASF ισχυς-N3--ASF αυτος- D--GSF και-C καταοικεω-VF--FAI3P επι-P ο- A--GSF γη-N1--GSF αυτος- D--GPM εν-P ελπις-N3D-DSF ειρηνη-N1--GSF και-C γιγνωσκω-VF--FMI3P οτι-C εγω- P--NS ειμι-V9--PAI1S κυριος-N2--NSM εν-P ο- A--DSN συντριβω-VA--AAN εγω- P--AS ο- A--ASM ζυγος-N2--ASM αυτος- D--GPM και-C εκαιρεω-VF2-FMI1S αυτος- D--APM εκ-P χειρ-N3--GSF ο- A--GPM καταδουλοω-VA--AMPGPM αυτος- D--APM

28 και-C ου-D ειμι-VF--FMI3P ετι-D εν-P προνομη-N1--DSF ο- A--DPN εθνος-N3E-DPN και-C ο- A--NPN θηριον-N2N-NPN ο- A--GSF γη-N1--GSF ουκετι-D μη-D εσθιω-VB--AAS3P αυτος- D--APM και-C καταοικεω-VF--FAI3P εν-P ελπις-N3D-DSF και-C ου-D ειμι-VF--FMI3S ο- A--NSM εκφοβεω-V2--PAPNSM αυτος- D--APM

29 και-C αναιστημι-VF--FAI1S αυτος- D--DPM φυτον-N2N-ASN ειρηνη-N1--GSF και-C ουκετι-D ειμι-VF--FMI3P αποολλυω-V5--PMPNPM λιμος-N2--DSM επι-P ο- A--GSF γη-N1--GSF και-C ου-D μη-D φερω-VA--AAS3P ετι-D ονειδισμος-N2--ASM εθνος-N3E-GPN

30 και-C γιγνωσκω-VF--FMI3P οτι-C εγω- P--NS ειμι-V9--PAI1S κυριος-N2--NSM ο- A--NSM θεος-N2--NSM αυτος- D--GPM και-C αυτος- D--NPM λαος-N2--NSM εγω- P--GS οικος-N2--NSM *ισραηλ-N---GSM λεγω-V1--PAI3S κυριος-N2--NSM

31 προβατον-N2N-NPN εγω- P--GS και-C προβατον-N2N-NPN ποιμνιον-N2N-GSN εγω- P--GS ειμι-V9--PAI2P και-C εγω- P--NS κυριος-N2--NSM ο- A--NSM θεος-N2--NSM συ- P--GP λεγω-V1--PAI3S κυριος-N2--NSM κυριος-N2--NSM

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Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

The Inner Meaning of the Prophets and Psalms 157


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcana Coelestia 46, 93, 415, 666, 908, 1038, 1085, ...

Apocalypse Revealed 3, 49, 243, 270, 306, 336, 383, ...

A Brief Exposition of New Church Doctrine 86

The Lord 4, 28, 43

Faith 68

True Christian Religion 171, 689, 844


References from Swedenborg's unpublished works:

Apocalypse Explained 67, 280, 316, 340, 365, 388, 405, ...

Spiritual Experiences 4573

Scriptural Confirmations 2, 4, 22, 53

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Arcana Coelestia # 6435

Arcana Coelestia (Elliott translation)      

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6435. 'Even as far as the desire of the everlasting hills' means as far as celestial mutual love. This is clear from the meaning of 'the everlasting hills' as aspects of mutual love, dealt with below; for the vision that the spiritual Church may arrive at that love is meant by 'even as far as the desire of the everlasting hills'. Before other places in the Word are introduced to show that mutual love is meant by 'the everlasting hills' something must be said first about what one means by mutual love, a goal which the member of the spiritual Church represented by 'Joseph' has more than enough to do to reach. What has often been stated and shown already shows that there are two kingdoms constituting heaven - the celestial kingdom and the spiritual kingdom. The difference between those two kingdoms is that the internal good of the celestial kingdom is the good of love to the Lord, while its external good is the good of mutual love. Members of that kingdom are governed by the good of love, not by truth that is called the truth of faith; for such truth is so integrated into the good of that kingdom that it cannot be seen in isolation from good. This being so, members of that kingdom cannot even utter the word faith, 202, 103, 4448; for with them the good of mutual love stands in place of the truth of faith. But in the spiritual kingdom the good of charity towards the neighbour constitutes the internal aspect of it and the truth of faith the external aspect.

(Odkazy: Arcana Coelestia 202-203)


[2] From all this one may see what the difference is between the two kingdoms, and also that they meet each other, in that the external aspect of the celestial kingdom coincides with the internal of the spiritual kingdom through an intermediary called the celestial of the spiritual. For as stated above, the external of the celestial kingdom is the good of mutual love, and the internal of the spiritual kingdom is the good of charity towards the neighbour. But the good of mutual love is more internal than the good of charity towards the neighbour, because the former springs from the rational, the latter from the natural. But although the good of mutual love, which is the external of the celestial Church, is more internal, while the good of charity towards the neighbour is more external, the Lord nevertheless joins the two kinds of good together through, as has just been stated, an intermediary, and in that way joins the two kingdoms together.

[3] To distinguish between the external good of the celestial Church and the internal good of the spiritual Church, let the former kind of good be called in what follows below the good of mutual love and let the latter kind be called the good of charity towards the neighbour - a difference that has not been observed in previous sections. Once these things are known, what is meant by 'even as far as the desire of the everlasting hills', one of Israel's blessings regarding this spiritual Church, can be stated, which is the vision that the spiritual kingdom may rise above the good of charity and reach even as far as the good of mutual love which belongs to the celestial kingdom, and thus the two kingdoms may be joined together at a very deep level. These are the things that are meant by those words.

[4] Very many places in the prophetical part of the Word mention mountains and hills, by which forms of the good of love are meant in the internal sense. 'Mountains' means the good of love to the Lord, which is the internal of the celestial kingdom, while 'hills' means the good of mutual love, which is the external of the same kingdom. But when the spiritual kingdom is the subject 'mountains' means the good of charity towards the neighbour, which is the internal of that kingdom, while 'hills' means the truth of faith, which is its external. It should be recognized that every one of the Lord's Churches is internal and external; and so too are both His kingdoms.

[5] This meaning of 'hills' becomes clear from the following places: In Isaiah,

In the latter days it will be, that the mountain of Jehovah will be on the top of the mountains, and raised above the hills. Isaiah 2:2; Micah 4:1.

'The mountain of Jehovah', which is Zion, stands for the Lord's celestial kingdom, thus for the good of that kingdom, which is the good of love to the Lord, and so in the highest sense is the Lord Himself since all love and all good in the celestial kingdom are the Lord's.

[6] 'Mount Zion' has the same meaning in other places in the Word; and by 'its hill' is meant the good of mutual love, as in Isaiah,

Jehovah Zebaoth will come down to fight on Mount Zion and on its hill. Isaiah 31:4.

Here 'hill' stands for the good of mutual love; and since 'hill' means the good of mutual love, and 'mountain' the good of celestial love, which is that of love to the Lord, it says 'Jehovah will come down to fight on that mountain'. Jehovah does not fight actually on Mount Zion and its hill; rather, where the good of love exists, that is what the Lord, meant here by Jehovah, fights for, that is, He fights for those with whom that good exists. If He ever did fight for Zion and Jerusalem, it was because they represented the celestial Church. This also explains why Mount Zion was called holy, and so also why Jerusalem was termed holy, when in fact it was unclean, as is evident in the Prophets where its abominations are referred to.

[7] In David,

The mountains will bring peace, and the hills, in righteousness. Psalms 72:3.

In the same author,

Praise Jehovah, mountains and all hills. Psalms 148:9.

In the same author,

The mountains skipped like rams, the hills like lambs. 1 Psalms 104:4, 6.

In the same author,

A mountain of God is the mountain of Bashan; a mountain of hills is the mountain of Bashan. Why do you leap up, O mountains, hills of mountains? God desires to inhabit it; yes, Jehovah will inhabit it perpetually. Psalms 68:15-16.

In these places 'mountains' stands for celestial love, and 'hills' for spiritual love. Mountains are obviously not what is meant, nor hills, nor even those who were on mountains and hills.

(Odkazy: Psalms 114:4, 114:6)


[8] In Isaiah,

It will be that on every high mountain, and on every lofty hill, there will be brooks, streams of water. Isaiah 30:25.

'Streams of water' stands for cognitions of good and truth, which are said to be 'on every high mountain, and on every lofty hill', for those cognitions flow from forms of the good of celestial and spiritual love.

[9] In Habakkuk,

Jehovah stood and measured the earth; He looked and scattered the nations, because the eternal mountains were dissolved, the everlasting hills sank down. Habakkuk 3:6.

'The eternal mountains' stands for the good of love that existed with the Most Ancient Church, which was celestial, and 'the everlasting hills' for the good of mutual love that existed with that Church - the former good being its internal, the latter its external. When that Church is what is meant in the Word, there is frequently added, because it was the Most Ancient Church, the word 'eternal', as in the expression 'the eternal mountains' used here, and in the expression 'eternal days' or 'days of eternity' used elsewhere, 6239. Also added was the word 'everlasting', as in the expression 'the everlasting hills' used here, as well as 'as far as the desire of the everlasting hills' appearing in Israel's prophetic utterances. From this one may see that 'the everlasting hills' means forms of the good of mutual love belonging to the celestial Church or the Lord's celestial kingdom.

[10] Something similar occurs in Moses' prophetic utterance concerning Joseph,

. . . in regard to the first fruits of the mountains of the east, and to the precious things of the eternal hills . . . Let them come upon the head of Joseph. Deuteronomy 33:15-16.

In Isaiah,

The mountains and the hills will resound with song, and all the trees of the field will clap their hands. Isaiah 55:12.

In Joel,

On that day the mountains will drip new wine, and the hills will flow with milk, and all the streams of Judah will flow with water. Joel 3:18; Amos 9:13.

In Ezekiel,

My sheep wander in all the mountains and on every high hill, and over all the face of the earth they were dispersed. I will give them and the places around My hill a blessing, and I will send down the rain in its season. Ezekiel 34:6, 26.

In Jeremiah,

On all the hills in the wilderness those who cause devastation have come, for the sword of Jehovah is devouring. Jeremiah 11:12.

In these places forms of the good of celestial love are meant by 'the mountains', and much the same, but in a lower degree, by 'the hills'.

(Odkazy: Jeremiah 12:12)


[11] Because mountains and hills were signs that meant things such as these, Divine worship as well took place in the Ancient Church on mountains and hills. And later still the Hebrew nation set up altars on mountains and hills, offering sacrifice and incense there; or where there were no hills they built high places. But that worship became idolatrous, owing to the fact that they considered the actual mountains and hills to be holy and gave no thought at all to the holy things that they were signs of; and because that worship had become idolatrous the Israelite and Jewish people were forbidden to practise it, for those people were extremely prone, more than all others, to engage in idolatrous worship. But so as to retain that representative feature of mountains and hills which had existed in ancient times, Mount Zion was selected, which in the highest sense represented the Divine Good of the Lord's Divine Love, and in the relative sense the Divine Celestial and Divine Spiritual in His kingdom.

[12] Since mountains and hills were signs meaning such things, Abraham was commanded to sacrifice his son on one of the mountains in the land of Moriah. it was also on a mountain that the Lord appeared to Moses, and from upon a mountain that the Law was proclaimed; for He appeared to Moses on Mount Horeb, and the Law was proclaimed on Mount Sinai. And in addition the temple in Jerusalem was built on a mountain.

[13] The fact that it was an age-old religious practice that led those people to celebrate sacred worship on mountains and hills, and that subsequently led the gentiles, also idolatrous Israelites and Jews, to offer sacrifice and incense on them, is evident in Jeremiah,

Your adulterous acts and your neighings, the wickedness of your whoredom committed on the hills, in the field - I have seen your abominations. Jeremiah 13:27.

This refers to Jerusalem. In Ezekiel,

When their slain will be in the midst of their idols, around their altars on every high hill, on all the mountain tops, and under every green tree, and under every entangled oak. Ezekiel 6:13.

In Jeremiah,

On every high hill, and under every green tree, you are a sinful prostitute. Jeremiah 2:20; 3:6.

And there are other places besides these - 1 Kings 14:23; 2 Kings 16:4; 17:10.

[14] Because idolatrous worship was performed on mountains and hills, the evils of self-love are meant by them in the contrary sense, as in Jeremiah,

[I saw] the mountains; and behold, they are shaken, and all the hills are overturned. I looked, and behold, there was no man, and every bird of the air had flown away. Jeremiah 4:24-25.

In Isaiah,

Every valley will be lifted up, and every mountain and hill made low. Isaiah 40:4.

In the same prophet,

Behold, I have made you into a new threshing-sledge 2 provided with sharp points. You are to thresh the mountains and crush them, and you are to make the hills like chaff. Isaiah 41:15.

In the same prophet,

I will lay waste mountains and hills, and dry up every plant on them. Isaiah 42:15.

In Micah,

Hear now what Jehovah is saying, Arise, contend with the mountains, and let the hills hear your voice. Micah 6:1.

In Jeremiah,

Lost sheep have My people been, their shepherds have led them astray, O rebellious mountains. They have gone from mountain onto hill, they have forgotten their resting-place. 3 Jeremiah 50:6.

And there are other places besides these, such as Jeremiah 16:16; Nahum 1:5-6.

(Odkazy: Jeremiah 16:6)


[15] The reason why 'mountains and hills meant forms of the good of celestial and spiritual love was that they were places that rose up above the earth, and places that rose up high meant things belonging to heaven, and in the highest sense those belonging to the Lord. For 'the land of Canaan' meant the Lord's heavenly kingdom, 1607, 3038, 3481, 3705, 4240, 4447; consequently everything in that land had a spiritual meaning, its mountains and hills meaning the kinds of things that are 'high'. For when the most ancient people, who belonged to the celestial Church, went up a mountain, the idea of height came to mind, and from height the idea of what was holy, for the reason that Jehovah or the Lord was said to live in the most high places, and also for the reason that 'height' in the spiritual sense was the good of love, 650.

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Footnotes:

1. literally, sons of the flock

2. literally, threshing-sledge of a recent threshing-sledge

3. literally, bed

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(Odkazy: Genesis 49:26)

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