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Ezekiel 34

Greek OT: LXX [A] Unaccented Roots & Parsing         

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1 και-C γιγνομαι-VBI-AMI3S λογος-N2--NSM κυριος-N2--GSM προς-P εγω- P--AS λεγω-V1--PAPNSM

2 υιος-N2--VSM ανθρωπος-N2--GSM προφητευω-VA--AAD2S επι-P ο- A--APM ποιμην-N3--APM ο- A--GSM *ισραηλ-N---GSM προφητευω-VA--AAD2S και-C ειπον-VB--AAD2S ο- A--DPM ποιμην-N3--DPM οδε- D--APN λεγω-V1--PAI3S κυριος-N2--NSM κυριος-N2--NSM ω-I ποιμην-N3--NPM *ισραηλ-N---GSM μη-D βοσκω-V1--PAI3P ποιμην-N3--NPM εαυτου- D--APM ου-D ο- A--APN προβατον-N2N-APN βοσκω-V1--PAI3P ο- A--NPM ποιμην-N3--NPM

3 ιδου-I ο- A--ASN γαλα-N3--ASN καταεσθιω-V1--PAI2P και-C ο- A--APN εριον-N2N-APN περιβαλλω-V1--PMI2P και-C ο- A--ASN παχυς-A3U-ASN σφαζω-V1--PAI2P και-C ο- A--APN προβατον-N2N-APN εγω- P--GS ου-D βοσκω-V1--PAI2P

4 ο- A--ASN ασθενεω-VX--XAPASN ου-D ενισχυω-VA--AAI2P και-C ο- A--ASN κακως-D εχω-V1--PAPASN ου-D σωματοποιεω-VAI-AAI2P και-C ο- A--ASN συντριβω-VP--XPPASN ου-D καταδεω-VAI-AAI2P και-C ο- A--ASN πλαναω-V3--PMPASN ου-D επιστρεφω-VAI-AAI2P και-C ο- A--ASN αποολλυω-VX--XAPASN ου-D ζητεω-VAI-AAI2P και-C ο- A--ASN ισχυρος-A1A-ASN καταεργαζομαι-VAI-AMI2P μοχθος-N2--DSM

5 και-C διασπειρω-VDI-API3S ο- A--APN προβατον-N2N-APN εγω- P--GS δια-P ο- A--ASN μη-D ειμι-V9--PAN ποιμην-N3--APM και-C γιγνομαι-VCI-API3S εις-P καταβρωμα-N3M-ASN πας-A3--DPN ο- A--DPN θηριον-N2N-DPN ο- A--GSM αγρος-N2--GSM

6 και-C διασπειρω-VDI-API3S εγω- P--GS ο- A--NPN προβατον-N2N-NPN εν-P πας-A3--DSN ορος-N3E-DSN και-C επι-P πας-A3--ASN βουνος-N2--ASM υψηλος-A1--ASM και-C επι-P προσωπον-N2N-GSN πας-A1S-GSF ο- A--GSF γη-N1--GSF διασπειρω-VDI-API3S και-C ου-D ειμι-V9--IAI3S ο- A--NSM εκζητεω-V2--PAPNSM ουδε-C ο- A--NSM αποστρεφω-V1--PAPNSM

7 δια-P ουτος- D--ASN ποιμην-N3--NPM ακουω-VA--AAD2P λογος-N2--ASM κυριος-N2--GSM

8 ζαω-V3--PAI1S εγω- P--NS λεγω-V1--PAI3S κυριος-N2--NSM κυριος-N2--NSM ει-C μην-X αντι-P ο- A--GSN γιγνομαι-VB--AMN ο- A--NPN προβατον-N2N-NPN εγω- P--GS εις-P προνομη-N1--ASF και-C γιγνομαι-VB--AMN ο- A--NPN προβατον-N2N-NPN εγω- P--GS εις-P καταβρωμα-N3M-ASN πας-A3--DPN ο- A--DPN θηριον-N2N-DPN ο- A--GSN πεδιον-N2N-GSN παρα-P ο- A--ASN μη-D ειμι-V9--PAN ποιμην-N3--APM και-C ου-D εκζητεω-VAI-AAI3P ο- A--NPM ποιμην-N3--NPM ο- A--APN προβατον-N2N-APN εγω- P--GS και-C βοσκω-VAI-AAI3P ο- A--NPM ποιμην-N3--NPM εαυτου- D--APM ο- A--APN δε-X προβατον-N2N-APN εγω- P--GS ου-D βοσκω-VAI-AAI3P

9 αντι-P ουτος- D--GSM ποιμην-N3--NPM

10 οδε- D--APN λεγω-V1--PAI3S κυριος-N2--NSM κυριος-N2--NSM ιδου-I εγω- P--NS επι-P ο- A--APM ποιμην-N3--APM και-C εκζητεω-VF--FAI1S ο- A--APN προβατον-N2N-APN εγω- P--GS εκ-P ο- A--GPF χειρ-N3--GPF αυτος- D--GPM και-C αποστρεφω-VF--FAI1S αυτος- D--APM ο- A--GSN μη-D ποιμαινω-V1--PAN ο- A--APN προβατον-N2N-APN εγω- P--GS και-C ου-D βοσκω-VF--FAI3P ετι-D ο- A--NPM ποιμην-N3--NPM αυτος- D--APN και-C εκαιρεω-VF2-FMI1S ο- A--APN προβατον-N2N-APN εγω- P--GS εκ-P ο- A--GSN στομα-N3M-GSN αυτος- D--GPM και-C ου-D ειμι-VF--FMI3P αυτος- D--DPM ετι-D εις-P καταβρωμα-N3M-ASN

11 διοτι-C οδε- D--APN λεγω-V1--PAI3S κυριος-N2--NSM ιδου-I εγω- P--NS εκζητεω-VF--FAI1S ο- A--APN προβατον-N2N-APN εγω- P--GS και-C επισκεπτομαι-VF--FMI1S αυτος- D--APN

12 ωσπερ-D ζητεω-V2--PAI3S ο- A--NSM ποιμην-N3--NSM ο- A--ASN ποιμνιον-N2N-ASN αυτος- D--GSM εν-P ημερα-N1A-DSF οταν-D ειμι-V9--PAS3S γνοφος-N2--NSM και-C νεφελη-N1--NSF εν-P μεσος-A1--DSM προβατον-N2N-GPN διαχωριζω-VT--XPPGPM ουτως-D εκζητεω-VF--FAI1S ο- A--APN προβατον-N2N-APN εγω- P--GS και-C αποελαυνω-VF3-FAI1S αυτος- D--APN απο-P πας-A3--GSM τοπος-N2--GSM ος- --GSM διασπειρω-VDI-API3P εκει-D εν-P ημερα-N1A-DSF νεφελη-N1--GSF και-C γνοφος-N2--GSM

13 και-C εκαγω-VF--FAI1S αυτος- D--APM εκ-P ο- A--GPN εθνος-N3E-GPN και-C συναγω-VF--FAI1S αυτος- D--APM απο-P ο- A--GPF χωρα-N1A-GPF και-C ειςαγω-VF--FAI1S αυτος- D--APM εις-P ο- A--ASF γη-N1--ASF αυτος- D--GPM και-C βοσκω-VF--FAI1S αυτος- D--APM επι-P ο- A--APN ορος-N3E-APN *ισραηλ-N---GSM και-C εν-P ο- A--DPF φαραγξ-N3G-DPF και-C εν-P πας-A1S-DSF κατοικια-N1A-DSF ο- A--GSF γη-N1--GSF

14 εν-P νομη-N1--DSF αγαθος-A1--DSF βοσκω-VF--FAI1S αυτος- D--APM και-C εν-P ο- A--DSN ορος-N3E-DSN ο- A--DSN υψηλος-A1--DSN *ισραηλ-N---GSM ειμι-VF--FMI3P ο- A--NPF μανδρα-N1A-NPF αυτος- D--GPM εκει-D κοιμαω-VC--FPI3P και-C εκει-D αναπαυω-VF--FMI3P εν-P τρυφη-N1--DSF αγαθος-A1--DSF και-C εν-P νομη-N1--DSF πιων-A3N-DSF βοσκω-VC--FPI3P επι-P ο- A--GPN ορος-N3E-GPN *ισραηλ-N---GSM

15 εγω- P--NS βοσκω-VF--FAI1S ο- A--APN προβατον-N2N-APN εγω- P--GS και-C εγω- P--NS αναπαυω-VF--FAI1S αυτος- D--APN και-C γιγνωσκω-VF--FMI3P οτι-C εγω- P--NS ειμι-V9--PAI1S κυριος-N2--NSM οδε- D--APN λεγω-V1--PAI3S κυριος-N2--NSM κυριος-N2--NSM

16 ο- A--ASN αποολλυω-VX--XAPASN ζητεω-VF--FAI1S και-C ο- A--ASN πλαναω-V3--PMPASN επιστρεφω-VF--FAI1S και-C ο- A--ASN συντριβω-VP--XPPASN καταδεω-VF--FAI1S και-C ο- A--ASN εκλειπω-V1--PAPASN ενισχυω-VF--FAI1S και-C ο- A--ASN ισχυρος-A1A-ASN φυλασσω-VF--FAI1S και-C βοσκω-VF--FAI1S αυτος- D--APN μετα-P κριμα-N3M-GSN

17 και-C συ- P--NP προβατον-N2N-NPN οδε- D--APN λεγω-V1--PAI3S κυριος-N2--NSM κυριος-N2--NSM ιδου-I εγω- P--NS διακρινω-VF2-FAI1S ανα-P μεσος-A1--ASM προβατον-N2N-GSN και-C προβατον-N2N-GSN κριος-N2--GPM και-C τραγος-N2--GPM

18 και-C ου-D ικανος-A1--NSN συ- P--DP οτι-C ο- A--ASF καλος-A1--ASF νομη-N1--ASF νεμω-V1I-IMI2P και-C ο- A--APN καταλοιπος-A1B-APN ο- A--GSF νομη-N1--GSF συ- P--GP καταπατεω-V2I-IAI2P ο- A--DPM πους-N3D-DPM συ- P--GP και-C ο- A--ASN καταιστημι-VXI-XAPASN υδωρ-N3--ASN πινω-V1I-IAI2P και-C ο- A--ASN λοιπος-A1--ASN ο- A--DPM πους-N3D-DPM συ- P--GP ταρασσω-V1I-IAI2P

19 και-C ο- A--APN προβατον-N2N-APN εγω- P--GS ο- A--APN πατημα-N3M-APN ο- A--GPM πους-N3D-GPM συ- P--GP νεμω-V1I-IMI3P και-C ο- A--ASN ταρασσω-VK--XPPASN υδωρ-N3--ASN υπο-P ο- A--GPM πους-N3D-GPM συ- P--GP πινω-V1I-IAI3P

20 δια-P ουτος- D--ASN οδε- D--APN λεγω-V1--PAI3S κυριος-N2--NSM κυριος-N2--NSM ιδου-I εγω- P--NS διακρινω-VF2-FAI1S ανα-P μεσος-A1--ASM προβατον-N2N-GSN ισχυρος-A1A-GSN και-C ανα-P μεσος-A1--ASM προβατον-N2N-GSN ασθενης-A3H-GSN

21 επι-P ο- A--DPF πλευρα-N1A-DPF και-C ο- A--DPM ωμος-N2--DPM συ- P--GP διαωθεω-V2--PMI2P και-C ο- A--DPN κερας-N3T-DPN συ- P--GP κερατιζω-V1I-IAI2P και-C πας-A3--ASN ο- A--ASN εκλειπω-V1--PAPASN εκθλιβω-V1I-IAI2P

22 και-C σωζω-VF--FAI1S ο- A--APN προβατον-N2N-APN εγω- P--GS και-C ου-D μη-D ειμι-V9--PAS3P ετι-D εις-P προνομη-N1--ASF και-C κρινω-VF2-FAI1S ανα-P μεσος-A1--ASM κριος-N2--GSM προς-P κριος-N2--ASM

23 και-C αναιστημι-VF--FAI1S επι-P αυτος- D--APM ποιμην-N3--ASM εις-A3--ASM και-C ποιμαινω-VF2-FAI3S αυτος- D--APM ο- A--ASM δουλος-N2--ASM εγω- P--GS *δαυιδ-N---ASM και-C ειμι-VF--FMI3S αυτος- D--GPM ποιμην-N3--NSM

24 και-C εγω- P--NS κυριος-N2--NSM ειμι-VF--FMI1S αυτος- D--DPM εις-P θεος-N2--ASM και-C *δαυιδ-N---NSM εν-P μεσος-A1--DSM αυτος- D--GPM αρχων-N3--NSM εγω- P--NS κυριος-N2--NSM λαλεω-VAI-AAI1S

25 και-C διατιθημι-VF--FMI1S ο- A--DSM *δαυιδ-N---DSM διαθηκη-N1--ASF ειρηνη-N1--GSF και-C απο αναιζω-VF2-FAI1S θηριον-N2N-APN πονηρος-A1A-APN απο-P ο- A--GSF γη-N1--GSF και-C καταοικεω-VF--FAI3P εν-P ο- A--DSF ερημος-N2--DSF και-C υπνοω-VF--FAI3P εν-P ο- A--DPM δρυμος-N2--DPM

26 και-C διδωμι-VF--FAI1S αυτος- D--APM περικυκλω-D ο- A--GSN ορος-N3E-GSN εγω- P--GS και-C διδωμι-VF--FAI1S ο- A--ASM υετος-N2--ASM συ- P--DP υετος-N2--ASM ευλογια-N1A-GSF

27 και-C ο- A--NPN ξυλον-N2N-NPN ο- A--NPN εν-P ο- A--DSN πεδιον-N2N-DSN διδωμι-VF--FAI3S ο- A--ASM καρπος-N2--ASM αυτος- D--GPM και-C ο- A--NSF γη-N1--NSF διδωμι-VF--FAI3S ο- A--ASF ισχυς-N3--ASF αυτος- D--GSF και-C καταοικεω-VF--FAI3P επι-P ο- A--GSF γη-N1--GSF αυτος- D--GPM εν-P ελπις-N3D-DSF ειρηνη-N1--GSF και-C γιγνωσκω-VF--FMI3P οτι-C εγω- P--NS ειμι-V9--PAI1S κυριος-N2--NSM εν-P ο- A--DSN συντριβω-VA--AAN εγω- P--AS ο- A--ASM ζυγος-N2--ASM αυτος- D--GPM και-C εκαιρεω-VF2-FMI1S αυτος- D--APM εκ-P χειρ-N3--GSF ο- A--GPM καταδουλοω-VA--AMPGPM αυτος- D--APM

28 και-C ου-D ειμι-VF--FMI3P ετι-D εν-P προνομη-N1--DSF ο- A--DPN εθνος-N3E-DPN και-C ο- A--NPN θηριον-N2N-NPN ο- A--GSF γη-N1--GSF ουκετι-D μη-D εσθιω-VB--AAS3P αυτος- D--APM και-C καταοικεω-VF--FAI3P εν-P ελπις-N3D-DSF και-C ου-D ειμι-VF--FMI3S ο- A--NSM εκφοβεω-V2--PAPNSM αυτος- D--APM

29 και-C αναιστημι-VF--FAI1S αυτος- D--DPM φυτον-N2N-ASN ειρηνη-N1--GSF και-C ουκετι-D ειμι-VF--FMI3P αποολλυω-V5--PMPNPM λιμος-N2--DSM επι-P ο- A--GSF γη-N1--GSF και-C ου-D μη-D φερω-VA--AAS3P ετι-D ονειδισμος-N2--ASM εθνος-N3E-GPN

30 και-C γιγνωσκω-VF--FMI3P οτι-C εγω- P--NS ειμι-V9--PAI1S κυριος-N2--NSM ο- A--NSM θεος-N2--NSM αυτος- D--GPM και-C αυτος- D--NPM λαος-N2--NSM εγω- P--GS οικος-N2--NSM *ισραηλ-N---GSM λεγω-V1--PAI3S κυριος-N2--NSM

31 προβατον-N2N-NPN εγω- P--GS και-C προβατον-N2N-NPN ποιμνιον-N2N-GSN εγω- P--GS ειμι-V9--PAI2P και-C εγω- P--NS κυριος-N2--NSM ο- A--NSM θεος-N2--NSM συ- P--GP λεγω-V1--PAI3S κυριος-N2--NSM κυριος-N2--NSM

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Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

The Inner Meaning of the Prophets and Psalms 157


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcana Coelestia 46, 93, 415, 666, 908, 1038, 1085, ...

Apocalypse Revealed 3, 49, 243, 270, 306, 336, 383, ...

A Brief Exposition of New Church Doctrine 86

The Lord 4, 28, 43

Faith 68

True Christian Religion 171, 689, 844


References from Swedenborg's unpublished works:

Apocalypse Explained 67, 280, 316, 340, 365, 388, 405, ...

Spiritual Experiences 4573

Scriptural Confirmations 2, 4, 22, 53

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Arcana Coelestia # 4769

Arcana Coelestia (Elliott translation)      

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4769. 'And killed a he-goat of the she-goats' means external truths received from delights. This is clear from the meaning of 'a he-goat of the she-goats' in the Word as natural truths, that is, truths belonging to the external man which give rise to the delights of life, and also as external truths received from delights, dealt with below. Truths belonging to the external man which give rise to the delights of life are Divine truths such as are present in the literal sense of the Word, which form the basis of the teachings of the genuine Church. These truths are meant strictly speaking by 'the he-goat', and the delights which spring from them are meant by 'the she-goats'. This being so, 'a he-goat of the she-goats' in the genuine sense means those who know truths of this kind and enjoy the delights that spring from them. But in the contrary sense 'a he-goat of the she-goats' means those who know external truths, that is, appearances of truth drawn from the sense of the letter which go along with their delights of life, such as things delighting the body, which are generally called pleasures, and those delighting the mind, which are generally called honours and gains. People of this kind are meant in the contrary sense by 'a he-goat of the she-goats'. In short, 'a he-goat of the she-goats' in this contrary sense means adherents to faith separated from charity, for these people take no other truths from the Word than those which are in agreement with their delights of life, that is, which accord with self-love and love of the world. And they reduce other truths to the same level by the use of interpretations, and in this way they present falsities as appearances of truth.

[2] This meaning of 'a he-goat of the she-goats' as adherents to faith separated from charity may be seen in Daniel,

Behold, a he-goat of the she-goats came from the west across the face of the whole earth, without touching the ground; 1 and this goat had a conspicuous horn between his eyes. Out of one of the four horns there came forth one little hoary, and it grew exceedingly towards the south, and towards the east, and towards the glorious [land]. Indeed, it grew even towards the host of heaven, and cast down to the earth some of the host, and of the stars, and trampled on them; and it cast down truth to the earth. Daniel 8:5, 9-10, 12.

This refers to the state of the Church in general, not merely to the state of the Jewish Church but also to the state of the Church that followed it, the Christian one; for the Word of the Lord is all-embracing. When used in reference to the Jewish Church 'a he-goat of the she-goats' means those who considered internal truths to be worthless; but they did accept external truths, insofar as these were in accord with their loves, which were their desire to be the greatest and to be the wealthiest people. Consequently they did not think of their expected Christ or Messiah as anyone other than a king who would exalt them above all nations and peoples throughout the world and would make these subject to them as the meanest slaves. This was the level to which they reduced their love of Him. As for what love towards the neighbour was, they had no knowledge at all, except as being associated with others with whom they shared the exalted position referred to above and as enjoying material gain.

[3] But when used in reference to the Christian Church 'a he-goat of the she-goats' means those who possess external truths received from delights, that is, who adhere to faith separated from charity, for these people too have no interest at all in internal truths. If they do teach these it is solely so that they may thereby earn acclaim, be raised to exalted positions, and acquire material gains. These are the delights their hearts are set on when they utter truths with their lips. What is more, by wrong interpretations of the truths of genuine faith they make these accord with their own loves. From this one may see what the words in Daniel that are quoted above mean in the internal] sense. The phrase 'a he-goat of the she-goats' means adherents to faith separated from charity. The he-goat 'came from the west' means coming from evil, for 'the west' means evil, see 3708. It came 'across the face of the whole earth, without touching the ground' means coming into the whole Church, for 'earth' or 'land' in the Word means nothing else than the earth where the Church exists, and so means the Church, 566, 662, 1067, 1262, 1413, 1607, 1733, 1850, 2117, 2118 (end), 2928, 3355, 4435, 4447. 'The horns' it had means powers derived from falsity, 2832, 'a conspicuous horn between the eyes' meaning power derived from reasoning about the truths of faith, as becomes clear from what has been shown regarding the eye in 4403-4421, 4523-4534. 'The one horn which grew towards the south, the east, and the glorious [land]' means the expansion of power derived from faith separated from charity even into states lit by the light of heaven - states of goodness and truth; for 'the south' means a state of light, see 3708, 'the east' a state of goodness, 1250, 3249, 3708, 'the glorious [land]' a state of truth, as is clear from various places in the Word. 'It grew even towards the host of heaven, and cast down to the earth some of the host, and of the stars, and trampled on them' means that such a thing happened to cognitions of good and truth, for 'the hosts of heaven, and the stars' means cognitions of good and truth, 4697. From this one may see what is meant by 'it cast down truth to the earth', namely that faith itself was cast down, which in essence is charity; for faith looks to charity because it stems from it. That which in the Ancient Church was called truth is in the new one called faith, 4690.

(Odkazy: Arcana Coelestia 1068, 2117-2118, 4453)


[4] 'He-goat' is used with a similar meaning in Ezekiel,

Behold, I am judging between one member of the flock and another, between rams and he-goats. Is it a small thing to you? You feed off the good pasture and tread down with your feet the rest of your pastures; you drink the water that has settled down 2 and stir up the rest with your feet. You butt with your horns all the weak [sheep] till you have scatted them abroad. Ezekiel 34:17-18, 21.

Here also 'he-goats' means adherents to faith separated from charity, that is, those who set doctrine above life and at length have no interest at all in life. Yet it is life that makes the human being, not doctrine separated from life; and it is life that remains after death, not doctrine except insofar as this teaches about life. Of these people it is said that they feed off the good pasture and tread down the rest of the pastures with their feet, and that they drink the water that has settled down and stir up the rest with their feet; also that with their horns they butt the weak [sheep] till they have scattered them.

[5] From this one may now see which persons are meant by 'the he-goats', and which by 'the sheep', that the Lord speaks of in Matthew,

Before Him will be gathered all the nations, and He will separate them one from another, as a shepherd separates the sheep from the he-goats; and He will peace the sheep at His right hand, out the he-goats at the left, etc. Matthew 25:32-33.

The fact that 'the sheep' means those who have charity and therefore have the truths of faith, and that 'the he-goats' means those who do not have any charity even though they have the truths of faith - that is, they are adherents to faith separated from charity - is plain from each detail in this passage, where such people are described.

[6] Which ones are the adherents to faith separated from charity, meant by 'the he-goats', and what kind of people they are, may be seen from the following two places: In Matthew,

Every tree that does not male good fruit will be cut down and thrown into the fire. Therefore you will know them by their fruits. Not everyone who says to Me, Lord, Lord, will enter the kingdom of heaven, but he who toes the will of My Father who is in heaven. Many will say to Me on that day, Lord, Lord, did we not prophesy in Your name, and by Your name cast out demons, and do many mighty works in Your name? But then I will confess to them, I do not know you; depart from Me, you workers of iniquity. Matthew 7:19-23.

And in Luke,

Then you will begin to stand outside and to knock at the door, saying, Lord, Lord, open to us. But He replying will say to you, I do not know where you are from. Then you will begin to say, We ate in Your presence and we drank; and You taught in our streets. But He will say, I tell you, I to not know where you come from; depart from Me, all you workers of iniquity. Luke 13:25-27.

These are the ones who adhere to faith separated from charity and are called 'the he-goats'. But what is meant by 'he-goats' in the good sense, such as the ones used in sacrifices and those mentioned in various places in the Prophets, will in the Lord's Divine mercy be stated elsewhere.


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Footnotes:

1. literally, earth or land

2. literally, the sediment of the waters

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(Odkazy: Genesis 37:31)

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From Swedenborg's Works

Inbound References:

Arcana Coelestia 4809, 8937, 9263, 9642, 9937, 10042

The New Jerusalem and its Heavenly Doctrine 121


References from Swedenborg's unpublished works:

Apocalypse Explained 212

Other New Christian Commentary

Thanks to the Swedenborg Society for the permission to use this translation.


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