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Ezekiel 34

Greek OT: LXX [A] Unaccented Roots & Parsing         

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1 και-C γιγνομαι-VBI-AMI3S λογος-N2--NSM κυριος-N2--GSM προς-P εγω- P--AS λεγω-V1--PAPNSM

2 υιος-N2--VSM ανθρωπος-N2--GSM προφητευω-VA--AAD2S επι-P ο- A--APM ποιμην-N3--APM ο- A--GSM *ισραηλ-N---GSM προφητευω-VA--AAD2S και-C ειπον-VB--AAD2S ο- A--DPM ποιμην-N3--DPM οδε- D--APN λεγω-V1--PAI3S κυριος-N2--NSM κυριος-N2--NSM ω-I ποιμην-N3--NPM *ισραηλ-N---GSM μη-D βοσκω-V1--PAI3P ποιμην-N3--NPM εαυτου- D--APM ου-D ο- A--APN προβατον-N2N-APN βοσκω-V1--PAI3P ο- A--NPM ποιμην-N3--NPM

3 ιδου-I ο- A--ASN γαλα-N3--ASN καταεσθιω-V1--PAI2P και-C ο- A--APN εριον-N2N-APN περιβαλλω-V1--PMI2P και-C ο- A--ASN παχυς-A3U-ASN σφαζω-V1--PAI2P και-C ο- A--APN προβατον-N2N-APN εγω- P--GS ου-D βοσκω-V1--PAI2P

4 ο- A--ASN ασθενεω-VX--XAPASN ου-D ενισχυω-VA--AAI2P και-C ο- A--ASN κακως-D εχω-V1--PAPASN ου-D σωματοποιεω-VAI-AAI2P και-C ο- A--ASN συντριβω-VP--XPPASN ου-D καταδεω-VAI-AAI2P και-C ο- A--ASN πλαναω-V3--PMPASN ου-D επιστρεφω-VAI-AAI2P και-C ο- A--ASN αποολλυω-VX--XAPASN ου-D ζητεω-VAI-AAI2P και-C ο- A--ASN ισχυρος-A1A-ASN καταεργαζομαι-VAI-AMI2P μοχθος-N2--DSM

5 και-C διασπειρω-VDI-API3S ο- A--APN προβατον-N2N-APN εγω- P--GS δια-P ο- A--ASN μη-D ειμι-V9--PAN ποιμην-N3--APM και-C γιγνομαι-VCI-API3S εις-P καταβρωμα-N3M-ASN πας-A3--DPN ο- A--DPN θηριον-N2N-DPN ο- A--GSM αγρος-N2--GSM

6 και-C διασπειρω-VDI-API3S εγω- P--GS ο- A--NPN προβατον-N2N-NPN εν-P πας-A3--DSN ορος-N3E-DSN και-C επι-P πας-A3--ASN βουνος-N2--ASM υψηλος-A1--ASM και-C επι-P προσωπον-N2N-GSN πας-A1S-GSF ο- A--GSF γη-N1--GSF διασπειρω-VDI-API3S και-C ου-D ειμι-V9--IAI3S ο- A--NSM εκζητεω-V2--PAPNSM ουδε-C ο- A--NSM αποστρεφω-V1--PAPNSM

7 δια-P ουτος- D--ASN ποιμην-N3--NPM ακουω-VA--AAD2P λογος-N2--ASM κυριος-N2--GSM

8 ζαω-V3--PAI1S εγω- P--NS λεγω-V1--PAI3S κυριος-N2--NSM κυριος-N2--NSM ει-C μην-X αντι-P ο- A--GSN γιγνομαι-VB--AMN ο- A--NPN προβατον-N2N-NPN εγω- P--GS εις-P προνομη-N1--ASF και-C γιγνομαι-VB--AMN ο- A--NPN προβατον-N2N-NPN εγω- P--GS εις-P καταβρωμα-N3M-ASN πας-A3--DPN ο- A--DPN θηριον-N2N-DPN ο- A--GSN πεδιον-N2N-GSN παρα-P ο- A--ASN μη-D ειμι-V9--PAN ποιμην-N3--APM και-C ου-D εκζητεω-VAI-AAI3P ο- A--NPM ποιμην-N3--NPM ο- A--APN προβατον-N2N-APN εγω- P--GS και-C βοσκω-VAI-AAI3P ο- A--NPM ποιμην-N3--NPM εαυτου- D--APM ο- A--APN δε-X προβατον-N2N-APN εγω- P--GS ου-D βοσκω-VAI-AAI3P

9 αντι-P ουτος- D--GSM ποιμην-N3--NPM

10 οδε- D--APN λεγω-V1--PAI3S κυριος-N2--NSM κυριος-N2--NSM ιδου-I εγω- P--NS επι-P ο- A--APM ποιμην-N3--APM και-C εκζητεω-VF--FAI1S ο- A--APN προβατον-N2N-APN εγω- P--GS εκ-P ο- A--GPF χειρ-N3--GPF αυτος- D--GPM και-C αποστρεφω-VF--FAI1S αυτος- D--APM ο- A--GSN μη-D ποιμαινω-V1--PAN ο- A--APN προβατον-N2N-APN εγω- P--GS και-C ου-D βοσκω-VF--FAI3P ετι-D ο- A--NPM ποιμην-N3--NPM αυτος- D--APN και-C εκαιρεω-VF2-FMI1S ο- A--APN προβατον-N2N-APN εγω- P--GS εκ-P ο- A--GSN στομα-N3M-GSN αυτος- D--GPM και-C ου-D ειμι-VF--FMI3P αυτος- D--DPM ετι-D εις-P καταβρωμα-N3M-ASN

11 διοτι-C οδε- D--APN λεγω-V1--PAI3S κυριος-N2--NSM ιδου-I εγω- P--NS εκζητεω-VF--FAI1S ο- A--APN προβατον-N2N-APN εγω- P--GS και-C επισκεπτομαι-VF--FMI1S αυτος- D--APN

12 ωσπερ-D ζητεω-V2--PAI3S ο- A--NSM ποιμην-N3--NSM ο- A--ASN ποιμνιον-N2N-ASN αυτος- D--GSM εν-P ημερα-N1A-DSF οταν-D ειμι-V9--PAS3S γνοφος-N2--NSM και-C νεφελη-N1--NSF εν-P μεσος-A1--DSM προβατον-N2N-GPN διαχωριζω-VT--XPPGPM ουτως-D εκζητεω-VF--FAI1S ο- A--APN προβατον-N2N-APN εγω- P--GS και-C αποελαυνω-VF3-FAI1S αυτος- D--APN απο-P πας-A3--GSM τοπος-N2--GSM ος- --GSM διασπειρω-VDI-API3P εκει-D εν-P ημερα-N1A-DSF νεφελη-N1--GSF και-C γνοφος-N2--GSM

13 και-C εκαγω-VF--FAI1S αυτος- D--APM εκ-P ο- A--GPN εθνος-N3E-GPN και-C συναγω-VF--FAI1S αυτος- D--APM απο-P ο- A--GPF χωρα-N1A-GPF και-C ειςαγω-VF--FAI1S αυτος- D--APM εις-P ο- A--ASF γη-N1--ASF αυτος- D--GPM και-C βοσκω-VF--FAI1S αυτος- D--APM επι-P ο- A--APN ορος-N3E-APN *ισραηλ-N---GSM και-C εν-P ο- A--DPF φαραγξ-N3G-DPF και-C εν-P πας-A1S-DSF κατοικια-N1A-DSF ο- A--GSF γη-N1--GSF

14 εν-P νομη-N1--DSF αγαθος-A1--DSF βοσκω-VF--FAI1S αυτος- D--APM και-C εν-P ο- A--DSN ορος-N3E-DSN ο- A--DSN υψηλος-A1--DSN *ισραηλ-N---GSM ειμι-VF--FMI3P ο- A--NPF μανδρα-N1A-NPF αυτος- D--GPM εκει-D κοιμαω-VC--FPI3P και-C εκει-D αναπαυω-VF--FMI3P εν-P τρυφη-N1--DSF αγαθος-A1--DSF και-C εν-P νομη-N1--DSF πιων-A3N-DSF βοσκω-VC--FPI3P επι-P ο- A--GPN ορος-N3E-GPN *ισραηλ-N---GSM

15 εγω- P--NS βοσκω-VF--FAI1S ο- A--APN προβατον-N2N-APN εγω- P--GS και-C εγω- P--NS αναπαυω-VF--FAI1S αυτος- D--APN και-C γιγνωσκω-VF--FMI3P οτι-C εγω- P--NS ειμι-V9--PAI1S κυριος-N2--NSM οδε- D--APN λεγω-V1--PAI3S κυριος-N2--NSM κυριος-N2--NSM

16 ο- A--ASN αποολλυω-VX--XAPASN ζητεω-VF--FAI1S και-C ο- A--ASN πλαναω-V3--PMPASN επιστρεφω-VF--FAI1S και-C ο- A--ASN συντριβω-VP--XPPASN καταδεω-VF--FAI1S και-C ο- A--ASN εκλειπω-V1--PAPASN ενισχυω-VF--FAI1S και-C ο- A--ASN ισχυρος-A1A-ASN φυλασσω-VF--FAI1S και-C βοσκω-VF--FAI1S αυτος- D--APN μετα-P κριμα-N3M-GSN

17 και-C συ- P--NP προβατον-N2N-NPN οδε- D--APN λεγω-V1--PAI3S κυριος-N2--NSM κυριος-N2--NSM ιδου-I εγω- P--NS διακρινω-VF2-FAI1S ανα-P μεσος-A1--ASM προβατον-N2N-GSN και-C προβατον-N2N-GSN κριος-N2--GPM και-C τραγος-N2--GPM

18 και-C ου-D ικανος-A1--NSN συ- P--DP οτι-C ο- A--ASF καλος-A1--ASF νομη-N1--ASF νεμω-V1I-IMI2P και-C ο- A--APN καταλοιπος-A1B-APN ο- A--GSF νομη-N1--GSF συ- P--GP καταπατεω-V2I-IAI2P ο- A--DPM πους-N3D-DPM συ- P--GP και-C ο- A--ASN καταιστημι-VXI-XAPASN υδωρ-N3--ASN πινω-V1I-IAI2P και-C ο- A--ASN λοιπος-A1--ASN ο- A--DPM πους-N3D-DPM συ- P--GP ταρασσω-V1I-IAI2P

19 και-C ο- A--APN προβατον-N2N-APN εγω- P--GS ο- A--APN πατημα-N3M-APN ο- A--GPM πους-N3D-GPM συ- P--GP νεμω-V1I-IMI3P και-C ο- A--ASN ταρασσω-VK--XPPASN υδωρ-N3--ASN υπο-P ο- A--GPM πους-N3D-GPM συ- P--GP πινω-V1I-IAI3P

20 δια-P ουτος- D--ASN οδε- D--APN λεγω-V1--PAI3S κυριος-N2--NSM κυριος-N2--NSM ιδου-I εγω- P--NS διακρινω-VF2-FAI1S ανα-P μεσος-A1--ASM προβατον-N2N-GSN ισχυρος-A1A-GSN και-C ανα-P μεσος-A1--ASM προβατον-N2N-GSN ασθενης-A3H-GSN

21 επι-P ο- A--DPF πλευρα-N1A-DPF και-C ο- A--DPM ωμος-N2--DPM συ- P--GP διαωθεω-V2--PMI2P και-C ο- A--DPN κερας-N3T-DPN συ- P--GP κερατιζω-V1I-IAI2P και-C πας-A3--ASN ο- A--ASN εκλειπω-V1--PAPASN εκθλιβω-V1I-IAI2P

22 και-C σωζω-VF--FAI1S ο- A--APN προβατον-N2N-APN εγω- P--GS και-C ου-D μη-D ειμι-V9--PAS3P ετι-D εις-P προνομη-N1--ASF και-C κρινω-VF2-FAI1S ανα-P μεσος-A1--ASM κριος-N2--GSM προς-P κριος-N2--ASM

23 και-C αναιστημι-VF--FAI1S επι-P αυτος- D--APM ποιμην-N3--ASM εις-A3--ASM και-C ποιμαινω-VF2-FAI3S αυτος- D--APM ο- A--ASM δουλος-N2--ASM εγω- P--GS *δαυιδ-N---ASM και-C ειμι-VF--FMI3S αυτος- D--GPM ποιμην-N3--NSM

24 και-C εγω- P--NS κυριος-N2--NSM ειμι-VF--FMI1S αυτος- D--DPM εις-P θεος-N2--ASM και-C *δαυιδ-N---NSM εν-P μεσος-A1--DSM αυτος- D--GPM αρχων-N3--NSM εγω- P--NS κυριος-N2--NSM λαλεω-VAI-AAI1S

25 και-C διατιθημι-VF--FMI1S ο- A--DSM *δαυιδ-N---DSM διαθηκη-N1--ASF ειρηνη-N1--GSF και-C απο αναιζω-VF2-FAI1S θηριον-N2N-APN πονηρος-A1A-APN απο-P ο- A--GSF γη-N1--GSF και-C καταοικεω-VF--FAI3P εν-P ο- A--DSF ερημος-N2--DSF και-C υπνοω-VF--FAI3P εν-P ο- A--DPM δρυμος-N2--DPM

26 και-C διδωμι-VF--FAI1S αυτος- D--APM περικυκλω-D ο- A--GSN ορος-N3E-GSN εγω- P--GS και-C διδωμι-VF--FAI1S ο- A--ASM υετος-N2--ASM συ- P--DP υετος-N2--ASM ευλογια-N1A-GSF

27 και-C ο- A--NPN ξυλον-N2N-NPN ο- A--NPN εν-P ο- A--DSN πεδιον-N2N-DSN διδωμι-VF--FAI3S ο- A--ASM καρπος-N2--ASM αυτος- D--GPM και-C ο- A--NSF γη-N1--NSF διδωμι-VF--FAI3S ο- A--ASF ισχυς-N3--ASF αυτος- D--GSF και-C καταοικεω-VF--FAI3P επι-P ο- A--GSF γη-N1--GSF αυτος- D--GPM εν-P ελπις-N3D-DSF ειρηνη-N1--GSF και-C γιγνωσκω-VF--FMI3P οτι-C εγω- P--NS ειμι-V9--PAI1S κυριος-N2--NSM εν-P ο- A--DSN συντριβω-VA--AAN εγω- P--AS ο- A--ASM ζυγος-N2--ASM αυτος- D--GPM και-C εκαιρεω-VF2-FMI1S αυτος- D--APM εκ-P χειρ-N3--GSF ο- A--GPM καταδουλοω-VA--AMPGPM αυτος- D--APM

28 και-C ου-D ειμι-VF--FMI3P ετι-D εν-P προνομη-N1--DSF ο- A--DPN εθνος-N3E-DPN και-C ο- A--NPN θηριον-N2N-NPN ο- A--GSF γη-N1--GSF ουκετι-D μη-D εσθιω-VB--AAS3P αυτος- D--APM και-C καταοικεω-VF--FAI3P εν-P ελπις-N3D-DSF και-C ου-D ειμι-VF--FMI3S ο- A--NSM εκφοβεω-V2--PAPNSM αυτος- D--APM

29 και-C αναιστημι-VF--FAI1S αυτος- D--DPM φυτον-N2N-ASN ειρηνη-N1--GSF και-C ουκετι-D ειμι-VF--FMI3P αποολλυω-V5--PMPNPM λιμος-N2--DSM επι-P ο- A--GSF γη-N1--GSF και-C ου-D μη-D φερω-VA--AAS3P ετι-D ονειδισμος-N2--ASM εθνος-N3E-GPN

30 και-C γιγνωσκω-VF--FMI3P οτι-C εγω- P--NS ειμι-V9--PAI1S κυριος-N2--NSM ο- A--NSM θεος-N2--NSM αυτος- D--GPM και-C αυτος- D--NPM λαος-N2--NSM εγω- P--GS οικος-N2--NSM *ισραηλ-N---GSM λεγω-V1--PAI3S κυριος-N2--NSM

31 προβατον-N2N-NPN εγω- P--GS και-C προβατον-N2N-NPN ποιμνιον-N2N-GSN εγω- P--GS ειμι-V9--PAI2P και-C εγω- P--NS κυριος-N2--NSM ο- A--NSM θεος-N2--NSM συ- P--GP λεγω-V1--PAI3S κυριος-N2--NSM κυριος-N2--NSM

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Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

The Inner Meaning of the Prophets and Psalms 157


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcana Coelestia 46, 93, 415, 666, 908, 1038, 1085, ...

Apocalypse Revealed 3, 49, 243, 270, 306, 336, 383, ...

A Brief Exposition of New Church Doctrine 86

Doctrine of the Lord 4, 28, 43

Faith 68

True Christian Religion 171, 689, 844


References from Swedenborg's unpublished works:

Apocalypse Explained 67, 280, 316, 340, 365, 388, 405, ...

Spiritual Experiences 4573

Scriptural Confirmations 2, 4, 22, 53

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Arcana Coelestia # 2708

Arcana Coelestia (Elliott translation)      

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2708. 'And dwelt in the wilderness' means that which is obscure comparatively. This is clear from the meaning of 'dwelling' as living, dealt with in 2451, and from the meaning of 'a wilderness' as that which possesses little life, dealt with in 1927, here as that which is obscure comparatively. By that which is obscure comparatively is meant the state of the spiritual Church in comparison with the state of the celestial Church, that is, the state of those who are spiritual in comparison with the state of those who are celestial. Those who are celestial are moved by the affection for good, those who are spiritual by the affection for truth. Those who are celestial possess perception, whereas those who are spiritual possess the dictate of conscience. To those who are celestial the Lord appears as a Sun, but to those who are spiritual as a Moon, 1521, 1530, 1531, 2495. The light which the former have - enabling them to see good and truth from the Lord with their eyes as well as to perceive it - is like the light of the sun in the daytime; but the light which the latter have from the Lord is like the light of the moon at night, and so, compared with those who are celestial, these dwell in obscurity. The reason for this is that those who are celestial dwell in love to the Lord, and so in the Lord's life itself, whereas those who are spiritual dwell in charity towards the neighbour and in faith, and so, it is true, in the Lord's life but in a rather more obscure way. All this explains why those who are celestial never reason about faith or the truths of faith, but because a perception of truth from good exists with them, simply say, 'That is so', whereas those who are spiritual talk and reason about the truths of faith because a conscience for what is good received from truth exists with them. A further reason for this difference is that with those who are celestial the good of love has been implanted in the will part of their minds, where man's chief life resides, but with those who are spiritual it has been implanted in the understanding part, where man's secondary life resides. This is the reason why, compared with the celestial, the spiritual dwell in obscurity, see 81, 202, 337, 765, 784, 895, 1114-1125, 1155, 1577, 1824, 2048, 2088, 2227, 2454, 2507. This comparative obscurity is here called 'a wilderness'.

(Odkazy: Arcana Coelestia 1530-1531)


[2] In the Word 'a wilderness' can mean that which is sparsely inhabited and cultivated, or it can mean that which is totally uninhabited and uncultivated, and so is used in two senses. When it means that which is sparsely inhabited and cultivated, that is, where there are few dwellings, and where there are sheepfolds, pastures, and waters, it means that thing or those persons who, compared with others, have little life and light, as is the case with that which is spiritual or those who are spiritual in comparison with that which is celestial or those who are celestial. When however it means that which is totally uninhabited and uncultivated, that is, where there are no dwellings, sheepfolds, pastures, and waters, it means those who have undergone vastation as regards good and desolation as regards truth.

[3] That 'a wilderness' can mean that which, compared with other places, is sparsely inhabited and cultivated, that is, where there are few dwellings, and where there are sheepfolds, pastures, and waters, is clear from the following places: In Isaiah,

Sing to Jehovah a new song, His praise from the end of the earth, those that go down to the sea, and the fullness of it, the islands and their inhabitants. The wilderness and its cities will lift up [their voice]; Kedar will inhabit the settlements, 1 the inhabitants of the rock will sing, they will shout from the top of the mountains. Isaiah 42:10-11.

In Ezekiel,

I will make with them a covenant of peace and I will banish the evil wild animal from the land, and they will dwell securely in the wilderness and sleep in the woods, and I will give them and the places around My hill a blessing. The tree of the field will give its fruit, and the earth will give its increase. 2 Ezekiel 34:25-27.

This refers to those who are spiritual. In Hosea,

I will bring her into the wilderness and will speak tenderly to her; and I will give her her vineyards from it. Hosea 2:14-15.

This refers to the desolation of truth and to the comfort that follows later.

[4] In David,

The folds of the wilderness drip, and the hills gird themselves with rejoicing; the meadows clothe themselves with flocks, and the valleys are covered over with grain. Psalms 65:12-13.

In Isaiah,

I will make the wilderness into a pool of water, and the parched land into streams of water. I will put in the wilderness the shittim-cedar, and the myrtle, and the oil tree. I will set in the wilderness the fir, that men may see and know, and may consider and understand together, for the hand of Jehovah has done this, and the Holy One of Israel has created it. Isaiah 41:18-20.

This refers to the regeneration of those who have no knowledge of the truth, that is, gentiles, and to the enlightenment and teaching of those who have experienced desolation. 'The wilderness' is used in reference to these. 'The cedar, the myrtle, and the oil tree' stands for the truths and goods of the interior man, 'fir' for those of the exterior man. In David,

Jehovah turns rivers into a wilderness, and streams of waters into dryness. He turns a wilderness into a pool of water, and parched land into streams of water. Psalms 107:33, 35

Here the meaning is similar. In Isaiah,

The wilderness and the dry land will be glad for them, and the lonely place will rejoice and blossom like the rose. It will bud prolifically. Waters will break forth in the wilderness, and streams in the lonely place. Isaiah 35:1-2, 6.

In the same prophet,

You will be like a watered garden and like a spring of waters whose waters do not fail; and those that be of you will build the wilderness of old. Isaiah 58:11-12.

In the same prophet,

Until the spirit is poured out on us from on high, and the wilderness will become Carmel, and Carmel counted as a forest. And judgement will dwell in the wilderness and righteousness on Carmel. Isaiah 32:15-16.

This refers to the spiritual Church which, though inhabited and cultivated, is, in comparison [with the celestial Church], called 'a wilderness', for it is said that 'judgement will dwell in the wilderness and righteousness on Carmel'. It is evident from the places just quoted that 'a wilderness' means an obscure state compared with other states not only because it is described as 'a wilderness' but also as 'a woodland'; and an obscure state is plainly the meaning in Jeremiah,

O generation, observe the word of Jehovah. Have I been a wilderness to Israel, or a land of darkness? Jeremiah 2:31.

[5] That 'a wilderness' can mean that which is totally uninhabited and uncultivated, that is, where there are no dwellings, sheepfolds, pastures, and waters, and so can mean those who have experienced vastation as regards good and desolation as regards truth, is also clear from the Word. This kind of wilderness is used with two different meanings; that is to say, it may be used in reference to those who are subsequently reformed or in reference to those who are unable to be reformed. Regarding those who are subsequently reformed, such as Hagar and her son represent here, it is said in Jeremiah,

Thus said Jehovah, I have remembered you, the mercy of the days of your youth, your going after Me in the wilderness, in a land not sown. Jeremiah 2:2.

This refers to Jerusalem, which in this case means the Ancient Church that was spiritual. In Moses,

The portion of Jehovah is His people, Jacob is the line of His inheritance. He found him in a wilderness land and in the waste, the howling, the lonely place. He encompassed him, led him to understand, and kept him as the pupil of His eye. Deuteronomy 32:9-10.

In David,

They wandered in the wilderness, in a desolate way; they did not find an inhabited city. Psalms 107:4.

This refers to those who have experienced desolation of truth and are being reformed. In Ezekiel,

I will bring you to the wilderness of the peoples and I will enter into judgement with you there, as I entered into judgement with your fathers in the wilderness of the land of Egypt. Ezekiel 20:35-36.

This likewise refers to the vastation and desolation of those who are being reformed.

[6] The travels and wanderings of the Israelites in the wilderness represented nothing else than the vastation and desolation prior to reformation of those who have faith. It consequently represented the temptation of them, for when people undergo spiritual temptations they experience vastation and desolation, as may also become clear from the following in Moses,

Jehovah carried you 3 along in the wilderness, as a man carries his son, in [all] the way [you went], until [you reached] this place. Deuteronomy 1:31.

And elsewhere in the same book,

You shall remember all the way in which Jehovah your God has led you forty years already in the wilderness to afflict you, to tempt you, and to know what is in your heart, whether you will keep His commandments or not. He afflicted you, caused you to hunger, caused you to eat manna which you do not know nor your fathers knew, so that you may recognize that man does not live by bread only but that man lives by all that goes out of the mouth of Jehovah. Deuteronomy 8:2-3.

And further on in the same chapter,

Do not forget that Jehovah led you in the great and terrible wilderness where there were serpents, fiery snakes, and scorpions, parched places where there was no water, and that He brought you water out of the rock of flint. He fed you in the wilderness with manna which your fathers did not know, that He might afflict you, tempt you, to do you good in the end. Deuteronomy 8:15-16.

Here 'wilderness' stands for the vastation and desolation such as people experience who undergo temptations. Their travels and wanderings in the wilderness for forty years describe every state of the Church militant - how when it is self-reliant it goes under but when it relies on the Lord it overcomes.

[7] The description in John of the woman who fled into the wilderness means nothing else than temptation experienced by the Church, referred to as follows,

The woman who brought forth the male child fled into the wilderness, where she has a place prepared by God. To the woman were given two wings of a great eagle, so that she might fly into the wilderness, into her own place. And the serpent poured water like a stream out of his mouth after the woman, to swallow her up in the river. But the earth helped the woman, for the earth opened its mouth and swallowed the stream which the dragon poured out of his mouth. Revelation 12:6, 14-16.

[8] That 'a wilderness' may be used in reference to a totally vastated Church and to people totally vastated as regards good and truth who are unable to be reformed may be seen in the following in Isaiah,

I will make the rivers a wilderness; their fish will stink for lack of water and will die of thirst; I will clothe the heavens with thick darkness. Isaiah 50:2-3.

In the same prophet,

The cities of Your holiness were a wilderness - Zion was a wilderness, Jerusalem lay waste. Isaiah 64:10,

In Jeremiah,

I looked, and behold, Carmel was a wilderness, and all its cities were destroyed from before Jehovah. Jeremiah 4:26.

In the same prophet,

Many shepherds have spoiled My vineyard, they have trampled down [My] portion, they have made the portion of My delight into a desolate wilderness. They have made it into a desolation; desolate, it has mourned over Me. The whole land has been made desolate, for nobody takes it to heart. On all the slopes in the wilderness those who lay waste have come. Jeremiah 12:10-12.

In Joel,

Fire has devoured the folds of the wilderness, and flame will burn up all the trees of the field. The streams of water have dried up, and fire has devoured the folds of the wilderness. Joel 1:19-20.

In Isaiah, He made the world like a wilderness and destroyed its cities. Isaiah 14:17.

This refers to Lucifer. In the same prophet,

The prophecy concerning the wilderness of the sea. Like storms in the south it comes from the wilderness, from a terrible land. Isaiah 21:1 and following verses.

'The wilderness of the sea' stands for truth that has been vastated by facts and by reasonings based on these.

[9] All these places show what is meant by the following reference to John the Baptist,

It was said by Isaiah, The voice of one crying in the wilderness, Prepare a way for the Lord, make His paths straight. Matthew 3:3; Mark 1:3; Luke 3:4; John 1:23; Isaiah 40:3.

These words imply that at that time the Church was so totally vastated that no good and no truth remained any longer. This is quite evident from the fact that nobody at that time knew of the existence in man of anything internal, or of anything internal in the Word, so that nobody knew that the Messiah or Christ was coming to save them for ever. The places quoted above also show what is meant by the statement that John was in the wilderness until the time of his manifestation to Israel, Luke 1:80, that he preached in the wilderness of Judea, Matthew 3:1 and following verses, and that he baptized in the wilderness, Mark 1:4; for by this he also represented the state of the Church. From the meaning of 'a wilderness' it may also be seen why the Lord retired so often into the wilderness, as in Matthew 4:1; Matthew 15:32-end; Matthew 15:Mark 1:12-13, 35, 45; 6:31-36; Luke 4:1; 5:16; 9:10 and following verses; John 11:54; and also from the meaning of 'a mountain' why the Lord retired into the mountains, as in Matthew 14:23; 15:29-31; 17:1 and following verses; 28:16-17; Mark 3:13-14; 6:46; 9:2-9; Luke 6:12-13; 9:28; John 6:15.

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Footnotes:

1. literally, courts. The Hebrew may mean courts or else villages which Swedenborg has in another place where he quotes this verse.

2. The Latin means fruit but the Hebrew means increase which Swedenborg has in other places where he quotes this verse.

3. The Latin means them but the Hebrew means you.

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(Odkazy: Genesis 21:20; Mark 1:35-40; Matthew 3, 15:32-39)

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Inbound References:

Arcana Coelestia 2709, 2713, 2714, 2715, 2830, 2831, 2849, 2971, 3187, 3235, 3385, 3900, 3941, 4402, 4448, 4493, 4736, 6256, 6289, 6363, 6427, 6828, 6854, 6904, 7093, 7233, 7313, 7975, 8098, 8457, 8607, 8819, 8928, 8945, 9166, 9277, 9372, 9404, ...

The New Jerusalem and its Heavenly Doctrine 140


References from Swedenborg's unpublished works:

Apocalypse Explained 240, 275, 331


Thanks to the Swedenborg Society for the permission to use this translation.


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