Amos 1

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1 λόγοι αμως οἳ ἐγένοντο ἐν νακκαριμ ἐκ θεκουε οὓς εἶδεν ὑπὲρ ιερουσαλημ ἐν ἡμέραις οζιου βασιλέως ιουδα καὶ ἐν ἡμέραις ιεροβοαμ τοῦ ιωας βασιλέως ισραηλ πρὸ δύο ἐτῶν τοῦ σεισμοῦ

2 καὶ εἶπεν κύριος ἐκ σιων ἐφθέγξατο καὶ ἐξ ιερουσαλημ ἔδωκεν φωνὴν αὐτοῦ καὶ ἐπένθησαν αἱ νομαὶ τῶν ποιμένων καὶ ἐξηράνθη ἡ κορυφὴ τοῦ καρμήλου

3 καὶ εἶπεν κύριος ἐπὶ ταῖς τρισὶν ἀσεβείαις δαμασκοῦ καὶ ἐπὶ ταῖς τέσσαρσιν οὐκ ἀποστραφήσομαι αὐτόν ἀνθ' ὧν ἔπριζον πρίοσιν σιδηροῖς τὰς ἐν γαστρὶ ἐχούσας τῶν ἐν γαλααδ

4 καὶ ἐξαποστελῶ πῦρ εἰς τὸν οἶκον αζαηλ καὶ καταφάγεται θεμέλια υἱοῦ αδερ

5 καὶ συντρίψω μοχλοὺς δαμασκοῦ καὶ ἐξολεθρεύσω κατοικοῦντας ἐκ πεδίου ων καὶ κατακόψω φυλὴν ἐξ ἀνδρῶν χαρραν καὶ αἰχμαλωτευθήσεται λαὸς συρίας ἐπίκλητος λέγει κύριος

6 τάδε λέγει κύριος ἐπὶ ταῖς τρισὶν ἀσεβείαις γάζης καὶ ἐπὶ ταῖς τέσσαρσιν οὐκ ἀποστραφήσομαι αὐτούς ἕνεκεν τοῦ αἰχμαλωτεῦσαι αὐτοὺς αἰχμαλωσίαν τοῦ σαλωμων τοῦ συγκλεῖσαι εἰς τὴν ιδουμαίαν

7 καὶ ἐξαποστελῶ πῦρ ἐπὶ τὰ τείχη γάζης καὶ καταφάγεται θεμέλια αὐτῆς

8 καὶ ἐξολεθρεύσω κατοικοῦντας ἐξ ἀζώτου καὶ ἐξαρθήσεται φυλὴ ἐξ ἀσκαλῶνος καὶ ἐπάξω τὴν χεῖρά μου ἐπὶ ακκαρων καὶ ἀπολοῦνται οἱ κατάλοιποι τῶν ἀλλοφύλων λέγει κύριος

9 τάδε λέγει κύριος ἐπὶ ταῖς τρισὶν ἀσεβείαις τύρου καὶ ἐπὶ ταῖς τέσσαρσιν οὐκ ἀποστραφήσομαι αὐτήν ἀνθ' ὧν συνέκλεισαν αἰχμαλωσίαν τοῦ σαλωμων εἰς τὴν ιδουμαίαν καὶ οὐκ ἐμνήσθησαν διαθήκης ἀδελφῶν

10 καὶ ἐξαποστελῶ πῦρ ἐπὶ τὰ τείχη τύρου καὶ καταφάγεται θεμέλια αὐτῆς

11 τάδε λέγει κύριος ἐπὶ ταῖς τρισὶν ἀσεβείαις τῆς ιδουμαίας καὶ ἐπὶ ταῖς τέσσαρσιν οὐκ ἀποστραφήσομαι αὐτούς ἕνεκα τοῦ διῶξαι αὐτοὺς ἐν ῥομφαίᾳ τὸν ἀδελφὸν αὐτοῦ καὶ ἐλυμήνατο μήτραν ἐπὶ γῆς καὶ ἥρπασεν εἰς μαρτύριον φρίκην αὐτοῦ καὶ τὸ ὅρμημα αὐτοῦ ἐφύλαξεν εἰς νεῖκος

12 καὶ ἐξαποστελῶ πῦρ εἰς θαιμαν καὶ καταφάγεται θεμέλια τειχέων αὐτῆς

13 τάδε λέγει κύριος ἐπὶ ταῖς τρισὶν ἀσεβείαις υἱῶν αμμων καὶ ἐπὶ ταῖς τέσσαρσιν οὐκ ἀποστραφήσομαι αὐτόν ἀνθ' ὧν ἀνέσχιζον τὰς ἐν γαστρὶ ἐχούσας τῶν γαλααδιτῶν ὅπως ἐμπλατύνωσιν τὰ ὅρια αὐτῶν

14 καὶ ἀνάψω πῦρ ἐπὶ τὰ τείχη ραββα καὶ καταφάγεται θεμέλια αὐτῆς μετὰ κραυγῆς ἐν ἡμέρᾳ πολέμου καὶ σεισθήσεται ἐν ἡμέρᾳ συντελείας αὐτῆς

15 καὶ πορεύσονται οἱ βασιλεῖς αὐτῆς ἐν αἰχμαλωσίᾳ οἱ ἱερεῖς αὐτῶν καὶ οἱ ἄρχοντες αὐτῶν ἐπὶ τὸ αὐτό λέγει κύριος

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Exploring the Meaning of Amos 1      

By Rev. George McCurdy

The Internal Meaning of Amos, Chapter 1.

Verses 1-2 describe the Lord teaching us about the Word and doctrine from the Word. In this book of the Bible, the prophet Amos symbolizes the Lord. Amos was a shepherd, and of course that metaphor is used to describe the Lord Jesus Christ, too, in the New Testament.

The book of Amos describes the Lord's anger and impatience with the Children of Israel - in the literal sense. Inside, though, it is really a story of the Lord’s great love and concern for us. This is a book of promise: The Lord will triumph over hell’s quest to dominate us and destroy the gift of salvation. This victory is not an occasional interest of the Lord’s; He has an “ardent zeal” to protect us.

In verse 2, the roaring of the Lord from Zion and the uttering of His voice from Jerusalem teach us several things about Him in this context:
- He has grievous distress for His church and people.
- He has an ardent zeal for protecting heaven and the church.
- He warns of coming vastations.
- He points to the drying up of our “Mount Carmel” and the effects this will have on our “vineyards.”

There are different ways to destroy true ideas and good loves. Verses 3-15 in this chapter describe the different ways that people do this.

Verses 3-5 are talking about people who pervert knowledges from the Word, knowledges which help us form true, useful doctrine. When people successfully corrupt knowledge from the Word, they also undermine the good that would come from that knowledge. But, these people will perish, spiritually.

Verses 6-8 describe people who apply the Word to create or reinforce heretical false ideas. That's not a good thing to do; they will perish, too.

Verses 9-10 address people who pervert knowledges [cognitiones] of good and truth, and thereby injure the external sense of the Word.

Verses 11-12 are about people who pervert the sense of the letter of the Word by falsity, by which doctrine perishes.

Finally, verses 13-15 describe people who falsify the truths of the sense of the letter of the Word: they do not resist in the day of combat, but destroy the truth of doctrine.

What are we to make of this? One take-away is that the Lord loves us, and wants to protect us. Another is that he wants us to carefully read the Word and seek the truths in it - those in the literal sense, and those in the internal sense. From these we should form sound doctrine, and develop good loves that can be built on true ideas.

For further reading, see Arcana Coelestia 2606, 10325, and The Inner Meaning of the Prophets and Psalms 201.


Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 2606, 10325

The Inner Meaning of the Prophets and Psalms 201

Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcana Coelestia 367, 1197, 3995, 4171, 6419, 6804, 9340, ...

Apocalypse Revealed 343, 612

References from Swedenborg's unpublished works:

Apocalypse Explained 419, 532, 601, 746, 817, 850

Scriptural Confirmations 9, 75

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Scriptural Confirmations # 9

Scriptural Confirmations (Whitehead translation)      

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9. 7. The Lord who is a living stone, rejected by men, chosen of God, precious, that ye also as living stones may be built up into a spiritual house, to the unbelieving He is a stone of stumbling (1 Peter 2:4-8).

Acceptable to God through Jesus Christ (1 Peter 2:5). He is called the Shepherd and Bishop of souls (1 Peter 2:25).

Jesus Christ, after He went into heaven was on the right hand of God; angels, authorities, and powers being subject unto Him (1 Peter 3:22).

That God may be glorified by Jesus Christ (1 Peter 4:11). God and Jesus our Lord (1 Peter 1:2; 2 Peter 1:1; James 1:1). The eternal kingdom of the Lord and Savior Jesus Christ (2 Pet. 1:11; 3:2).

The knowledge of Jesus Christ (2 Peter 1:8; 2:20).

Of the glorification of the Lord seen by the three disciples upon the mount (2 Peter 1:17-18).

(Odkazy: 1 Corinthians 2:12, 2:16; 1 John 1:1; 2 Peter 2:13; 2 Timothy 2:13; Amos 1:14, 2:14, 2:16, 3:2, 3:14, 5:18, 5:20, 8:2-3, 9:2-6; Ephesians 4:5, 6:2-3; Ezekiel 20:8-13, 25:12, 25:14-15, 25:17, 26:18, 26:19-20, 30:2-3, 31:15-18, 32:18, 32:22-23, 32:24-25, 32:25-26, 32:27, 32:29, 38:8, 38:16, 38:19; Habakkuk 3:6, 3:11-13, 3:16; Hebrews 6:8; Hosea 1:4-5, 9:7-9, 10:8, 10:14, 12:2-3; Isaiah 2:12-21, 5:3-15, 5:16-17, 5:18-30, 29:6, 61:2, 63:1-14; Jeremiah 18:17, 18:23; Joel 2:11, 3:4; John 6:39-40, 6:44, 6:54, 12:48; Jude 1:1; Lamentations 1:12, 2:1; Luke 17:22-33, 17:22-37; Mark 1:8, 1:11, 1:17-18, 2:20, 3:2, 3:7, 3:10; Matthew 1:17, 2:4-8, 2:5, 4:11; Micah 5:1-7, 5:9-14, 7:4; Nahum 1:5-6, 1:15, 2:3; Obadiah 1:12-14, 1:14-15, 1:17, 1:18; Psalms 2:12, 9:5-9, 9:18, 18:7-9, 18:8-20, 21:10, 45:4-6, 45:7, 50:2-6, 59:5, 72:1-17, 78:9, 96:10-13, 98:9, 101:8, 110; Revelation 6:13-17, 11:18, 14:7, 20:10-15; Romans 1:14-15, 2:5-10; Zechariah 13:8-9, 14:1-7; Zephaniah 1:7-10, 1:12-18, 3:5, 3:6, 3:8)

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Thanks to the Swedenborg Foundation for their permission to use this translation.