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Jeremiah 50

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1 Viešpats kalbėjo pranašui Jeremijui apie Babiloną ir chaldėjų kraštą:

2 “Paskelbkite tautoms, iškelkite vėliavas, neslėpkite, kad Babilonas paimtas, Belis nebegarbinamas, Merodachas sunaikintas! Jų stabai išniekinti, atvaizdai sudaužyti.

3 šiaurės prieš jį ateina tauta. Ji pavers kraštą dykyne; žmonės ir gyvuliai jame nebegyvens, pabėgs iš jo.

4 Tuomet sugrįš Izraelio ir Judo vaikaisako Viešpats.­Jie eis verkdami ir ieškos Viešpaties, savo Dievo.

5 Jie klaus kelio į Sioną ir keliaus, sakydami: ‘Eikime, glauskimės prie Viešpaties amžina sandora, kuri nebus užmiršta!’

6 Mano tauta tapo paklydusia banda. Ganytojai ją suvedžiojo ir paklaidino kalnuose. Jie ėjo per kalnus bei kalvas ir užmiršo savo poilsio vietą.

7 Kas juos sutiko, rijo juos. Jų priešai sakė: ‘Mes tuo nenusikaltome. Izraelitai nusikalto Viešpačiui, teisingumo buveinei, ir Viešpačiui, savo tėvų vilčiai’.

8 Skubėkite iš Babilono, traukitės iš chaldėjų krašto! Būkite kaip ožiai bandos priekyje.

9 Aš sukelsiu prieš Babiloną daug galingų tautų ir atvesiu jas iš šiaurės. Jos išsirikiuos ir nugalės jį. Visos jų strėlės įgudusio kario rankose, jos pasiekia tikslą.

10 Chaldėja taps grobiu, jos priešai prisiplėš turto užtektinai,­sako Viešpats,­

11 nes jūs džiaugėtės ir didžiavotės, mano paveldo grobėjai, šokinėjote kaip veršiai ant žolės ir baubėte kaip jaučiai.

12 Jūsų motina bus išniekinta ir sugėdinta. Ji bus paskutinė tarp tautų, virs dykyne, sausa žeme, dykuma.

13 Dėl Viešpaties rūstybės ji bus negyvenama. Kiekvienas, praeinantis pro Babiloną, stebėsis ir švilps dėl jo nelaimės.

14 Išsirikiuokite prieš Babiloną, įtempkite lankus prieš jį, šaukite, negailėkite strėlių, nes jis nusikalto Viešpačiui.

15 Skelbkite visur, kad jis paimtas. Jo apsaugos pylimas krito, sienos nugriautos. Tai Viešpaties kerštas jam už jo darbus.

16 Išnaikinkite Babilone sėjėją ir pjovėją. Karui siaučiant, kiekvienas bėgs į savo kraštą, pas savo tautą.

17 Izraelis yra kaip išsklaidytos avys, kurias išvaikė liūtai. Pirmasis jį rijo Asirijos karalius, o po to Nebukadnecaras, Babilono karalius, sutraiškė jo kaulus”.

18 Todėl taip sako kareivijų Viešpats, Izraelio Dievas: “Aš nubausiu Babilono karalių ir jo kraštą, kaip nubaudžiau Asirijos karalių.

19 Izraelį Aš parvesiu atgal į savo kraštą. Jis ganysis Karmelyje ir Bašane, pasisotins Efraimo kalnyne bei Gileade.

20 Tuo metu ieškos Izraelio kaltės ir Judo nuodėmės, bet jų neras, nes Aš atleisiu jiems ir jų nesunaikinsiu,­sako kareivijų Viešpats.­

21 Žygiuok prieš Merataimų ir Pekodo kraštų gyventojus! Žudyk ir naikink,­sako Viešpats,­daryk taip, kaip tau įsakiau!

22 Krašte girdėti šauksmai kovos ir didelio sunaikinimo.

23 Visos žemės kūjis pats sudaužytas ir sutrupėjęs. Babilonas tapo dykyne tarp tautų.

24 Babilone, Aš stačiau tau spąstus ir sugavau tave. Tu to nepastebėjai, bet buvai surastas ir sugautas, nes kovojai prieš Viešpatį.

25 Viešpats atidarė savo ginklų sandėlį ir ištraukė savo rūstybės ginklus, nes tai yra Viešpaties, kareivijų Dievo, darbas chaldėjų krašte.

26 Pakilkite prieš jį, visi kraštai, atidarykite jo grūdų sandėlius, supilkite viską į krūvas ir sunaikinkite­tenelieka nieko.

27 Išžudykite jo veršius, teeina jie į skerdyklą. Vargas jiems! Atėjo jų aplankymo diena.

28 Štai pabėgėliai iš Babilono krašto! Jie praneša Sione apie Viešpaties kerštą, apie mūsų Dievo kerštą dėl Jo šventyklos.

29 Surinkite šaulius prieš Babiloną. Apsupkite jį taip, kad nė vienas neištrūktų! Atmokėkite jam pagal jo darbus; ką jis darė, jam darykite, nes jis didžiavosi prieš mane, Izraelio Šventąjį.

30 Jo jaunuoliai kris aikštėse ir visi jo kariai bus sunaikinti tą dienąsako Viešpats.­

31 Aš esu prieš tave, tu išdidusis! Atėjo tavo aplankymo metas.

32 Išdidusis suklups ir kris, nė vienas jo nepakels. Aš įžiebsiu jo miestuose ugnį, kuri suris viską aplinkui”.

33 Kareivijų Viešpats sako: “Prispausti yra Izraelio ir Judo vaikai. Tie, kurie juos išvedė į nelaisvę, laiko juos ir nė nemano jų paleisti.

34 Atpirkėjas yra stiprus, kareivijų Viešpats yra Jo vardas. Jis rūpinsis jų byla ir suteiks kraštui ramybę, bet privers drebėti Babilono gyventojus.

35 Kardas chaldėjams, Babilono gyventojams, jo kunigaikščiams ir išminčiams!

36 Kardas jo žyniams, kurie taps kvaili, ir kariams, kad išsigąstų.

37 Kardas žirgams, kovos vežimams ir samdytiems kariams, kurie taps kaip moterys. Kardas jo turtams, kurie taps grobiu!

38 Sausra išdžiovins jo vandenis. Tai drožtų atvaizdų kraštas, per savo stabus jie sukvailėjo.

39 Todėl ten gyvens laukiniai žvėrys, šakalai ir stručiai; Babilonas niekados nebus apgyvendintas nė atstatytas.

40 Kaip Dievas sunaikino Sodomą, Gomorą ir jų aplinkinius miestus, taip ir Babilonas bus sunaikintas, niekas jame negyvens.

41 Galinga tauta ateinašiaurės ir daug karalių iš žemės pakraščių.

42 Jie ginkluoti lankais ir ietimis, žiaurūs bei negailestingi. Jie atūžia kaip jūra, joja ant žirgų, pasirengę kovai prieš tave, Babilono dukra!

43 Babilono karalius, išgirdęs apie juos, nuleido rankas; jį apėmė baimė ir skausmai tarsi gimdyvę.

44 Kaip liūtas iš Jordano tankynės jis pakyla ir ateina prieš stipriųjų buveines, bet Aš jį nuvysiu ir paskirsiu tą, kurį išsirinksiu. Kas yra man lygus ir kas gali man pasipriešinti? Koks valdovas galėtų man prieštarauti?

45 Šai Viešpaties nutarimas Babilonui ir sprendimas chaldėjų kraštui. Iš tiesų net menkiausi iš bandos juos ištrems ir jų buveinės liks apleistos.

46 Babilono paėmimo triukšmas sudrebins žemę, ir jų šauksmą išgirs visos tautos”.

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Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 1368

The Inner Meaning of the Prophets and Psalms 116


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcana Coelestia 289, 468, 583, 1186, 1326, 1813, 2025, ...

Apocalypse Revealed 52, 173, 241, 281, 298, 299, 336, ...

A Brief Exposition of New Church Doctrine 120

The Lord 4, 34, 38, 39, 40, 53

Sacred Scripture 51, 79

Heaven and Hell 365

The Last Judgment 54

True Christian Religion 45, 83, 93, 158, 188, 294, 637, ...


References from Swedenborg's unpublished works:

Apocalypse Explained 131, 275, 278, 304, 328, 355, 357, ...

The White Horse - Appendix 1

Marriage 45, 83, 93

Scriptural Confirmations 4, 19, 51, 98

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Word/Phrase Explanations

kalbėjo
Like "say," the word "speak" refers to thoughts and feelings moving from our more internal spiritual levels to our more external ones – and ultimately...

stabai
Idols of stone signify worship from falsities of doctrine. Idols of wood signify worship from evils of doctrine. Idols of silver signify worship from what...

šiaurės
'North' signifies people who are in obscurity regarding truth. North,' in Isaiah 14:31, signifies hell. The North,' as in Jeremiah 3:12, signifies people who are...

Judo
City of Judah,' as in Isaiah 40:9, signifies the doctrine of love towards the Lord and love towards our neighbor in its whole extent.

vaikai
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

dievo
The Lord is love itself, expressed in the form of wisdom itself. Love, then, is His essence, His inmost. Wisdom - the loving understanding of...

Priešai
Foes, or adversaries, denote the falsities of evil. Foes, or adversaries, when predicate of the Lord, signifies to avert falsities derived from evil.

sakė
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

strėlės
'Shafts' or 'arrows' signify truths and spiritual truth.

motina
In general, mothers in the Bible represent the Lord's church on earth, or the church among those who know and follow the Lord. In some...

dykuma
'Wilderness' signifies something with little life in it, as described in the internal sense in Luke 1:80 'Wilderness' signifies somewhere there is no good because...

praeinantis
'To pass,' as in Genesis 31:52, signifies flowing in. 'To pass the night,' as in Genesis 24:54, signifies having peace. 'To pass through,' as in...

krito
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "fall" is highly dependent on context in regular language, and is highly dependent on context in a spiritual...

Kerštas
'To be avenged seventy and seven fold' denotes damnation.

savo
In many cases, the spiritual meaning of "own," both as a verb and as an adjective, is relatively literal. When people are described as the...

Izraelis
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

liūtai
'A lion' signifies the good of celestial love and the truth from that good.

karalius
The human mind is composed of two parts, a will and an understanding, a seat of loves and affections, and a seat of wisdom and...

atgal
Everyone knows the phrase "the natural order of things." It means that everything is in its proper place, occupying the niche it is meant to...

nuodėmės
In the Word three terms are used to mean bad things that are done. These three are transgression, iniquity, and sin, and they are here...

žemės
'Lands' of different nations are used in the Word to signify the different kinds of love prevalent in the inhabitants.

atidarė
To open,' as in Revelation 9, signifies communication and conjunction.

darbas
'Works,' as in Genesis 46:33, denote goods, because they are from the will, and anything from the will is either good or evil, but anything...

atėjo
As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “come” in the Bible is highly dependent on context – its meaning is determined largely by...

diena
"Day" describes a state in which we are turned toward the Lord, and are receiving light (which is truth) and heat (which is a desire...

dieną
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miestuose
Cities of the mountain and cities of the plain (Jer. 33:13) signify doctrines of charity and faith.

Atpirkėjas
Jehovah is called 'the redeemer,' because He took on a human nature.

vardas
It's easy to see that names are important in the Bible. Jehovah changed Abram and Sarai to Abraham and Sarah, changed Jacob to Israel and...

Kardas
A 'sword,' in the Word, signifies the truth of faith combating and the vastation of truth. In an opposite sense, it signifies falsity combating and...

moterys
'Women,' as in Genesis 45:19, signify the affections of truth. But in Genesis 31:50, 'women' signify affections of not genuine truth, so not of the...

ateina
Coming (Gen. 41:14) denotes communication by influx.

daug
Intellectual things – ideas, knowledge, facts, even insight and understanding – are more separate and free-standing than emotional things, and it’s easier to imagine numbering...

jūra
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dukra
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pakyla
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tautos
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Arcana Coelestia # 8908

Arcana Coelestia (Elliott translation)      

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8908. 'You shall not answer as a witness of a lie against your neighbour' means that good must not be called evil, nor truth falsity, and conversely that evil must not be called good, nor falsity truth. This is clear from the meaning of 'witness of a lie' as the confirmation of falsity. For the meaning of 'witness' as confirmation, see 4197; and the meaning of 'a lie' as falsity of faith will be evident from what follows below. 'Answering against the neighbour' is speaking to someone in that manner; for 'neighbour' means any and every person, in particular everyone governed by good, and in the abstract sense good itself, 3419, 5025, 6704, 6706-6711, 6818, 8123, so that in the internal sense 'you shall not answer as the witness of a lie against your neighbour' means not saying what is false to anyone, that is, not saying that good is evil and truth is falsity, or vice versa.

[2] What this implies must be explained briefly. None who are ruled by self-love or by love of the world, that is, whose end in view is either to have high and honoured positions or to possess wealth and gain, care when they tell and persuade others that something just is unjust or something unjust is just, and by doing this behave as 'witnesses of a lie'. The reason why they are like this is that their will is in complete subjection to those loves and accompanying desires; it is completely possessed and dominated by them. At the same time the understanding, which is the other part of the mind, indeed has the ability to see what is just or unjust but has no wish to see it. For the will prevails over the understanding; it flows into and persuades it, and at length also makes it blind. Those same people possess no conscience, nor do they know that conscience consists in saying that something just is just, and for no other reason than because it is so, that is, from a love of what is just. People who are like this in the world are also like it in the next life, except for the difference that they do not then say something just is unjust. Instead they call the good of faith evil, and truth falsity, since what is just in dealings with people in the world corresponds to what is good and true in the spiritual world. This is done by them without conscience and also without any shame because it was something they had learned to do during their lifetime and grown accustomed to.

[3] Many times in the Word the expression 'a lie' is used, and wherever it occurs the falsity and evil of faith is meant in the internal sense. And 'the witness of a lie', who is also called 'the witness of violence', means confirming something false, whether before a judge, or before someone else, or before oneself by convincing oneself in one's inner thinking, as in Exodus 23:1ff; Leviticus 19:11-12ff; Deuteronomy 19:16-20. The fact that 'a lie' in the spiritual sense is the evil and falsity of faith is clear from the following places: In John,

You are from your father the devil, and the desires of your father you will to do. He was a murderer from the beginning, and has not stood in the truth because the truth is not in him. When he speaks a lie he speaks from the things that are his own, for he is the teller of a lie and the father of it. John 8:44.

Here 'a lie' stands for falsity of faith, for it refers to the unwillingness of the Jews to acknowledge the Lord. 'The devil' in the spiritual sense here is falsity, and 'the father of it' is evil; for falsity springs from evil like son from father. The falsity that is the devil's is the falsity of faith, the evil that is his is the evil of self-love and love of the world.

(Odkazy: Exodus 23:1-9)


[4] In Isaiah,

Moab is exceedingly proud; his haughtiness, and his pride, and his anger - his lies are not firm. Isaiah 16:6.

'Lies' stands for falsities of faith, since 'Moab' is those who, ruled by the evil of self-love, therefore falsify truths, 2468, 8315. In the same prophet,

We have made a covenant with death, and with hell we have shaped a vision. We have put our trust in a lie, and we have hidden in falsity. Isaiah 28:15.

In the same prophet,

They were a rebellious people, lying sons, sons who did not wish to hear the law of Jehovah. Isaiah 30:9.

In Jeremiah,

They deceive one another, 1 and do not speak the truth. They have taught their tongue to speak a lie Jeremiah 9:5.

In the same prophet,

Behold, I am against those that prophesy lying dreams 2 and tell them in order that they may mislead My people by their lies. Jeremiah 23:32.

In the same prophet,

O sword, [be] against the liars, that they may become foolish. Jeremiah 50:36.

In Ezekiel,

They have seen vanity and lying divination, 3 saying, Jehovah has said! when Jehovah has not sent them. Therefore thus has the Lord Jehovih said, Because you speak vanity and see a lie, therefore behold, I am against you. Ezekiel 13:6-9.

In Nahum,

Woe to the city of blood! 4 It is all full of lies and plunder. Nahum 3:1.

In Zephaniah,

The remnant of Israel will not do iniquity or speak any lie; nor will a fraudulent tongue be found in their mouth. They will feed and rest. Zephaniah 3:13.

In John,

Outside are dogs, and sorcerers, and fornicators, and murderers, and idolaters, and everyone who loves and practices a lie. Revelation 22:15.

In these as in many other places 'a lie' stands for the falsity and evil of faith.

-----
Footnotes:

1. literally, They deceive, a man his companion

2. literally, dreams of a lie

3. literally, divination of a lie

4. literally, bloods

-----

(Odkazy: Exodus 20:16)

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From Swedenborg's Works

Inbound References:

Arcana Coelestia 9156, 9250, 9261


References from Swedenborg's unpublished works:

Apocalypse Explained 100, 193, 211

Other New Christian Commentary

Thanks to the Swedenborg Society for the permission to use this translation.


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