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Jeremiah 50

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1 Viešpats kalbėjo pranašui Jeremijui apie Babiloną ir chaldėjų kraštą:

2 “Paskelbkite tautoms, iškelkite vėliavas, neslėpkite, kad Babilonas paimtas, Belis nebegarbinamas, Merodachas sunaikintas! Jų stabai išniekinti, atvaizdai sudaužyti.

3 šiaurės prieš jį ateina tauta. Ji pavers kraštą dykyne; žmonės ir gyvuliai jame nebegyvens, pabėgs iš jo.

4 Tuomet sugrįš Izraelio ir Judo vaikaisako Viešpats.­Jie eis verkdami ir ieškos Viešpaties, savo Dievo.

5 Jie klaus kelio į Sioną ir keliaus, sakydami: ‘Eikime, glauskimės prie Viešpaties amžina sandora, kuri nebus užmiršta!’

6 Mano tauta tapo paklydusia banda. Ganytojai ją suvedžiojo ir paklaidino kalnuose. Jie ėjo per kalnus bei kalvas ir užmiršo savo poilsio vietą.

7 Kas juos sutiko, rijo juos. Jų priešai sakė: ‘Mes tuo nenusikaltome. Izraelitai nusikalto Viešpačiui, teisingumo buveinei, ir Viešpačiui, savo tėvų vilčiai’.

8 Skubėkite iš Babilono, traukitės iš chaldėjų krašto! Būkite kaip ožiai bandos priekyje.

9 Aš sukelsiu prieš Babiloną daug galingų tautų ir atvesiu jas iš šiaurės. Jos išsirikiuos ir nugalės jį. Visos jų strėlės įgudusio kario rankose, jos pasiekia tikslą.

10 Chaldėja taps grobiu, jos priešai prisiplėš turto užtektinai,­sako Viešpats,­

11 nes jūs džiaugėtės ir didžiavotės, mano paveldo grobėjai, šokinėjote kaip veršiai ant žolės ir baubėte kaip jaučiai.

12 Jūsų motina bus išniekinta ir sugėdinta. Ji bus paskutinė tarp tautų, virs dykyne, sausa žeme, dykuma.

13 Dėl Viešpaties rūstybės ji bus negyvenama. Kiekvienas, praeinantis pro Babiloną, stebėsis ir švilps dėl jo nelaimės.

14 Išsirikiuokite prieš Babiloną, įtempkite lankus prieš jį, šaukite, negailėkite strėlių, nes jis nusikalto Viešpačiui.

15 Skelbkite visur, kad jis paimtas. Jo apsaugos pylimas krito, sienos nugriautos. Tai Viešpaties kerštas jam už jo darbus.

16 Išnaikinkite Babilone sėjėją ir pjovėją. Karui siaučiant, kiekvienas bėgs į savo kraštą, pas savo tautą.

17 Izraelis yra kaip išsklaidytos avys, kurias išvaikė liūtai. Pirmasis jį rijo Asirijos karalius, o po to Nebukadnecaras, Babilono karalius, sutraiškė jo kaulus”.

18 Todėl taip sako kareivijų Viešpats, Izraelio Dievas: “Aš nubausiu Babilono karalių ir jo kraštą, kaip nubaudžiau Asirijos karalių.

19 Izraelį Aš parvesiu atgal į savo kraštą. Jis ganysis Karmelyje ir Bašane, pasisotins Efraimo kalnyne bei Gileade.

20 Tuo metu ieškos Izraelio kaltės ir Judo nuodėmės, bet jų neras, nes Aš atleisiu jiems ir jų nesunaikinsiu,­sako kareivijų Viešpats.­

21 Žygiuok prieš Merataimų ir Pekodo kraštų gyventojus! Žudyk ir naikink,­sako Viešpats,­daryk taip, kaip tau įsakiau!

22 Krašte girdėti šauksmai kovos ir didelio sunaikinimo.

23 Visos žemės kūjis pats sudaužytas ir sutrupėjęs. Babilonas tapo dykyne tarp tautų.

24 Babilone, Aš stačiau tau spąstus ir sugavau tave. Tu to nepastebėjai, bet buvai surastas ir sugautas, nes kovojai prieš Viešpatį.

25 Viešpats atidarė savo ginklų sandėlį ir ištraukė savo rūstybės ginklus, nes tai yra Viešpaties, kareivijų Dievo, darbas chaldėjų krašte.

26 Pakilkite prieš jį, visi kraštai, atidarykite jo grūdų sandėlius, supilkite viską į krūvas ir sunaikinkite­tenelieka nieko.

27 Išžudykite jo veršius, teeina jie į skerdyklą. Vargas jiems! Atėjo jų aplankymo diena.

28 Štai pabėgėliai iš Babilono krašto! Jie praneša Sione apie Viešpaties kerštą, apie mūsų Dievo kerštą dėl Jo šventyklos.

29 Surinkite šaulius prieš Babiloną. Apsupkite jį taip, kad nė vienas neištrūktų! Atmokėkite jam pagal jo darbus; ką jis darė, jam darykite, nes jis didžiavosi prieš mane, Izraelio Šventąjį.

30 Jo jaunuoliai kris aikštėse ir visi jo kariai bus sunaikinti tą dienąsako Viešpats.­

31 Aš esu prieš tave, tu išdidusis! Atėjo tavo aplankymo metas.

32 Išdidusis suklups ir kris, nė vienas jo nepakels. Aš įžiebsiu jo miestuose ugnį, kuri suris viską aplinkui”.

33 Kareivijų Viešpats sako: “Prispausti yra Izraelio ir Judo vaikai. Tie, kurie juos išvedė į nelaisvę, laiko juos ir nė nemano jų paleisti.

34 Atpirkėjas yra stiprus, kareivijų Viešpats yra Jo vardas. Jis rūpinsis jų byla ir suteiks kraštui ramybę, bet privers drebėti Babilono gyventojus.

35 Kardas chaldėjams, Babilono gyventojams, jo kunigaikščiams ir išminčiams!

36 Kardas jo žyniams, kurie taps kvaili, ir kariams, kad išsigąstų.

37 Kardas žirgams, kovos vežimams ir samdytiems kariams, kurie taps kaip moterys. Kardas jo turtams, kurie taps grobiu!

38 Sausra išdžiovins jo vandenis. Tai drožtų atvaizdų kraštas, per savo stabus jie sukvailėjo.

39 Todėl ten gyvens laukiniai žvėrys, šakalai ir stručiai; Babilonas niekados nebus apgyvendintas nė atstatytas.

40 Kaip Dievas sunaikino Sodomą, Gomorą ir jų aplinkinius miestus, taip ir Babilonas bus sunaikintas, niekas jame negyvens.

41 Galinga tauta ateinašiaurės ir daug karalių iš žemės pakraščių.

42 Jie ginkluoti lankais ir ietimis, žiaurūs bei negailestingi. Jie atūžia kaip jūra, joja ant žirgų, pasirengę kovai prieš tave, Babilono dukra!

43 Babilono karalius, išgirdęs apie juos, nuleido rankas; jį apėmė baimė ir skausmai tarsi gimdyvę.

44 Kaip liūtas iš Jordano tankynės jis pakyla ir ateina prieš stipriųjų buveines, bet Aš jį nuvysiu ir paskirsiu tą, kurį išsirinksiu. Kas yra man lygus ir kas gali man pasipriešinti? Koks valdovas galėtų man prieštarauti?

45 Šai Viešpaties nutarimas Babilonui ir sprendimas chaldėjų kraštui. Iš tiesų net menkiausi iš bandos juos ištrems ir jų buveinės liks apleistos.

46 Babilono paėmimo triukšmas sudrebins žemę, ir jų šauksmą išgirs visos tautos”.

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Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 1368

The Inner Meaning of the Prophets and Psalms 116


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcana Coelestia 289, 468, 583, 1186, 1326, 1813, 2025, ...

Apocalypse Revealed 52, 173, 241, 281, 298, 299, 336, ...

A Brief Exposition of New Church Doctrine 120

The Lord 4, 34, 38, 39, 40, 53

Sacred Scripture 51, 79

Heaven and Hell 365

The Last Judgment 54

True Christian Religion 45, 83, 93, 158, 188, 294, 637, ...


References from Swedenborg's unpublished works:

Apocalypse Explained 131, 275, 278, 304, 328, 355, 357, ...

The White Horse - Appendix 1

Marriage 45, 83, 93

Scriptural Confirmations 4, 19, 51, 98

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Word/Phrase Explanations

kalbėjo
Like "say," the word "speak" refers to thoughts and feelings moving from our more internal spiritual levels to our more external ones – and ultimately...

stabai
Idols of stone signify worship from falsities of doctrine. Idols of wood signify worship from evils of doctrine. Idols of silver signify worship from what...

šiaurės
'North' signifies people who are in obscurity regarding truth. North,' in Isaiah 14:31, signifies hell. The North,' as in Jeremiah 3:12, signifies people who are...

Judo
City of Judah,' as in Isaiah 40:9, signifies the doctrine of love towards the Lord and love towards our neighbor in its whole extent.

vaikai
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

dievo
The Lord is love itself, expressed in the form of wisdom itself. Love, then, is His essence, His inmost. Wisdom - the loving understanding of...

Priešai
Foes, or adversaries, denote the falsities of evil. Foes, or adversaries, when predicate of the Lord, signifies to avert falsities derived from evil.

sakė
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

strėlės
'Shafts' or 'arrows' signify truths and spiritual truth.

motina
In general, mothers in the Bible represent the Lord's church on earth, or the church among those who know and follow the Lord. In some...

dykuma
'Wilderness' signifies something with little life in it, as described in the internal sense in Luke 1:80 'Wilderness' signifies somewhere there is no good because...

praeinantis
'To pass,' as in Genesis 31:52, signifies flowing in. 'To pass the night,' as in Genesis 24:54, signifies having peace. 'To pass through,' as in...

krito
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "fall" is highly dependent on context in regular language, and is highly dependent on context in a spiritual...

Kerštas
'To be avenged seventy and seven fold' denotes damnation.

savo
In many cases, the spiritual meaning of "own," both as a verb and as an adjective, is relatively literal. When people are described as the...

Izraelis
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

liūtai
'A lion' signifies the good of celestial love and the truth from that good.

karalius
The human mind is composed of two parts, a will and an understanding, a seat of loves and affections, and a seat of wisdom and...

atgal
Everyone knows the phrase "the natural order of things." It means that everything is in its proper place, occupying the niche it is meant to...

nuodėmės
In the Word three terms are used to mean bad things that are done. These three are transgression, iniquity, and sin, and they are here...

žemės
'Lands' of different nations are used in the Word to signify the different kinds of love prevalent in the inhabitants.

atidarė
To open,' as in Revelation 9, signifies communication and conjunction.

darbas
'Works,' as in Genesis 46:33, denote goods, because they are from the will, and anything from the will is either good or evil, but anything...

atėjo
As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “come” in the Bible is highly dependent on context – its meaning is determined largely by...

diena
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dieną
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miestuose
Cities of the mountain and cities of the plain (Jer. 33:13) signify doctrines of charity and faith.

Atpirkėjas
Jehovah is called 'the redeemer,' because He took on a human nature.

vardas
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Kardas
A 'sword,' in the Word, signifies the truth of faith combating and the vastation of truth. In an opposite sense, it signifies falsity combating and...

moterys
'Women,' as in Genesis 45:19, signify the affections of truth. But in Genesis 31:50, 'women' signify affections of not genuine truth, so not of the...

ateina
Coming (Gen. 41:14) denotes communication by influx.

daug
Intellectual things – ideas, knowledge, facts, even insight and understanding – are more separate and free-standing than emotional things, and it’s easier to imagine numbering...

jūra
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dukra
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pakyla
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tautos
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Revelation 18:6

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6 Atmokėkite jai, kaip ji jums atlygino, ir atiduokite dvigubai pagal jos darbus. Dvigubai sumaišykite taurę, kurią ji jums maišė.

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Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

Apocalypse Revealed 762


Další odkazy Swedenborga k tomuto verši:

Arcana Coelestia 5120

Apocalypse Revealed 672, 753, 792


References from Swedenborg's unpublished works:

Apocalypse Explained 960, 1113, 1114, 1115, 1116

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Psalms 137:8

Jeremiah 50:15, 29

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Arcana Coelestia # 2220

Arcana Coelestia (Elliott translation)      

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2220. That 'Sodom' is every evil that stems from self-love is clear from the meaning of 'Sodom' in the Word. Although in the next chapter it seems as if Sodom means the evil that consists in the worst form of adultery, nevertheless nothing else is meant by it in the internal sense than evil that stems from self-love. In the Word also the dreadful things that well up out of self-love are represented by various kinds of adultery. That 'Sodom' means in general every evil that stems from self-love, and 'Gomorrah' every falsity derived from this, has been shown in Volume One, in 1212, 1663, 1682, 1689, and may become clearer still from the following places in the Word: In Jeremiah,

A sword over the Chaldeans and over the inhabitants of Babel as when God overthrew Sodom and Gomorrah, and its neighbours, said Jehovah. No man will live there, and no son of man will abide in it. Jeremiah 50:35, 40.

This refers to those meant by 'the Chaldeans' whose worship consists in profane falsity, as shown already in 1368, and also to those meant by 'Babel' whose worship consists in profane evil, 1182, 1326. Their condemnation is described by the overthrow of Sodom, that is, of evil in general, and by the overthrow of Gomorrah, that is, of falsity in general, since their worship too consists in evil that stems from self-love, and in falsity derived from this.

[2] In Amos,

I overthrew you, as when God overthrew Sodom and Gomorrah, and you became as a brand plucked out of the burning. Amos 4:11.

This refers to Samaria, by which is meant the perverted spiritual Church, which as regards evils in general contrary to the goods of charity is called 'Sodom', as regards falsities in general contrary to truths of faith is called 'Gomorrah', and as regards both is described here, as in the previous quotation, as 'the overthrowing of God'. In Zephaniah,

Moab will be like Sodom, and the children of Ammon like Gomorrah, a place abandoned to the nettle, and a saltpit, and a desolation even for ever. This will be theirs for their arrogance because they taunted and magnified themselves against the people of Jehovah Zebaoth. Zephaniah 2:9-10.

Here 'Sodom' stands for evil stemming from self-love, and 'Gomorrah' for falsity derived from this, both of which are referred to here as 'a desolation', as they were 'an overthrowing' in the two previous quotations. 'Arrogance' is self-love, 'taunting the people of Jehovah Zebaoth' is bringing evil against truths, and 'magnifying themselves against the people' is bringing falsity against them.

[3] In Ezekiel,

Your elder sister is Samaria, she and her daughters, dwelling on your left hand; and your younger sister, dwelling on your right hand, is Sodom and her daughters Your sister Sodom has not done, she and her daughters, as you have done, you and your daughters. Behold, this was the iniquity of your sister Sodom; she and her daughters had pride, surfeit of bread, and prosperous ease, but she did not strengthen the hand of the wretched and needy. And they became haughty and did abominable things before Me. Ezekiel 16:46, 48-50.

This refers to the abominations of Jerusalem, which are described as Samaria and Sodom 'Samaria', used instead of Gomorrah, describing the abominations involving falsities, and 'Sodom' those involving evils. What is meant specifically by 'Sodom' is also stated, for it is said, 'this was the iniquity of Sodom', namely that it was self-love, meant here by 'pride'. Their rejection of the goods of charity is meant by 'surfeit of bread', and their satisfaction taken in those [falsities and evils] by 'prosperous ease'. Their lack of compassion is described by the statement that they did not strengthen the hand of the poor and needy, and the impregnation with self-love of their desires resulting from this is described by the statement that the daughters became haughty - such desires being meant by 'daughters'.

(Odkazy: Ezekiel 16:46-50)


[4] From this it is quite clear what Sodom means - that its meaning is not the same as what occurs in the historical sense in the next chapter, and that by Sodom in the next chapter such things are meant in the internal sense as are described here in Ezekiel, namely things belonging to self-love. But the description of Sodom here is milder because reference is made to the abominations of Jerusalem having been greater than those of Sodom, as is evident also from the Lord's words in Matthew,

Truly I say to you, It will be more tolerable for the land of Sodom and Gomorrah on the day of judgement than for that city. Matthew 10:15; Mark 6:11; Luke 10:12.

In John,

Their bodies will lie in the street of the great city which spiritually is called Sodom and Egypt. Revelation 11:8.

Here it is clear that 'Sodom' is not used to mean Sodom nor 'Egypt' to mean Egypt, for it is said that 'spiritually it is called Sodom and Egypt'. 'Sodom' stands for every evil stemming from self-love, and 'Egypt', used instead of Gomorrah, for every falsity derived from this.

(Odkazy: Genesis 18:16)

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From Swedenborg's Works

Inbound References:

Arcana Coelestia 2239, 2246, 2322, 2346, 2371, 2393, 2444, 3614, 7519, 10300


References from Swedenborg's unpublished works:

Apocalypse Explained 357


Thanks to the Swedenborg Society for the permission to use this translation.


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