Hoschea 13

Latin: Vulgata Clementina         

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1 Loquente Ephraim, horror invasit Israël ; et deliquit in Baal, et mortuus est.

2 Et nunc addiderunt ad peccandum ; feceruntque sibi conflatile de argento suo quasi similitudinem idolorum : factura artificum totum est : his ipsi dicunt : Immolate homines, vitulos adorantes.

3 Idcirco erunt quasi nubes matutina, et sicut ros matutinus præteriens ; sicut pulvis turbine raptus ex area, et sicut fumus de fumario.

4 Ego autem Dominus Deus tuus, ex terra Ægypti ; et Deum absque me nescies, et salvator non est præter me.

5 Ego cognovi te in deserto, in terra solitudinis.

6 Juxta pascua sua adimpleti sunt et saturati sunt ; et levaverunt cor suum, et obliti sunt mei.

7 Et ego ero eis quasi leæna, sicut pardus in via Assyriorum.

8 Occurram eis quasi ursa raptis catulis, et dirumpam interiora jecoris eorum, et consumam eos ibi quasi leo : bestia agri scindet eos.

9 Perditio tua, Israël : tantummodo in me auxilium tuum.

10 Ubi est rex tuus ? maxime nunc salvet te in omnibus urbibus tuis ; et judices tui, de quibus dixisti : Da mihi regem et principes.

11 Dabo tibi regem in furore meo, et auferam in indignatione mea.

12 Colligata est iniquitas Ephraim ; absconditum peccatum ejus.

13 Dolores parturientis venient ei : ipse filius non sapiens : nunc enim non stabit in contritione filiorum.

14 De manu mortis liberabo eos ; de morte redimam eos. Ero mors tua, o mors ! morsus tuus ero, inferne ! consolatio abscondita est ab oculis meis.

15 Quia ipse inter fratres dividet : adducet urentem ventum Dominus de deserto ascendentem, et siccabit venas ejus, et desolabit fontem ejus : et ipse diripiet thesaurum omnis vasis desiderabilis.

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Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

Librorum Propheticorum et Psalmorum Davidis 196

Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcana Coelestia 264, 908, 1861, 1949, 2584, 3574, 3579, ...

Apocalypsis Revelata 241, 242, 243, 281, 321, 343, 422, ...

Summaria Expositio 36, 120

Doctrina Novae Hierosolymae de Domino 34, 38, 45

Doctrina Novae Hierosolymae de Scriptura Sacra 79

Vera Christiana Religio 6, 21, 83, 188, 294, 583, 637

References from Swedenborg's unpublished works:

Apocalypsis Explicata 186, 278, 328, 388, 419, 482, 483, ...

De Conjugio 6, 21, 83

Dicta Probantia 19, 99

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Word/Phrase Explanations

Ephraim was the second son born to Joseph in Egypt and was, along with his older brother Manasseh, elevated by Jacob to the same status...

Baalim and her lovers (Hosea 2:13) signify those things which belong to the natural man, and are loved; such as the lusts and falsities thence...

Dead (Gen. 23:8) signifies night, in respect to the goodnesses and truths of faith.

In Isaiah 19:1, "Jehovah rides upon a light cloud, and comes into Egypt", signifies the visitation of the natural man from spiritual-natural Divine Truth, for...

Dew, in Deut. 32:2 signifies the multiplication of truth from good, and the fructification of good by truth.

Chaff is mentioned in Matthew 3:12 signifies falsity of every kind, derived from an in­fernal origin.

The floor, as in Matthew 3:12, signifies the world of spirits which is between heaven and hell, and where the separation of evils and falsities...

'Smoke' signifies divine truth in extremes, because 'fire' which gives off smoke, signifies love. 'Smoke' also signifies the same thing as 'cloud' in many places....

The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

The Lord is love itself, expressed in the form of wisdom itself. Love, then, is His essence, His inmost. Wisdom - the loving understanding of...

'Lands' of different nations are used in the Word to signify the different kinds of love prevalent in the inhabitants.

The Lord from the essential divine, through the divine human, is the savior. The Lord became the savior by His spiritual temptations, or combats.

'Wilderness' signifies something with little life in it, as described in the internal sense in Luke 1:80 'Wilderness' signifies somewhere there is no good because...

'A leopard,' being a crafty and insidious animal, particularly represents people who confirm faith separate from good works. 'A leopard' signifies the affection or lust...

'To set a way,' as in Genesis 30:36, signifies being separated.

Bears represent the power of the literal external stories and ideas of Bible, separate from their deeper meanings. Since they are wild carnivores, this is...

When we have a desire to be good people and to do good things, the natural first questions are "What does that mean?" "What should...

The human mind is composed of two parts, a will and an understanding, a seat of loves and affections, and a seat of wisdom and...

Captains and Rulers (Jer. 51:23) signifies principal evils and falsities. Captains and Rulers (Ezek 33:6) signifies principal truths. See Chief Captains.

In the Word three terms are used to mean bad things that are done. These three are transgression, iniquity, and sin, and they are here...

'A son,' as in Genesis 5:28, signifies the rise of a new church. 'Son,' as in Genesis 24:3, signifies the Lord’s rationality regarding good. 'A...

'To stay with,' as in Genesis 32:4, relates to the life of truth when accompanied by good, and in this instance, it means to take...

Brethren (Gen. 27:29) signify the affections of good.




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Meeting of three kings in Potsdam and Charlottenburg, 1709, by Samuel Theodor Gericke

The human mind is composed of two parts, a will and an understanding, a seat of loves and affections, and a seat of wisdom and knowledge. In the Bible, kings represent things in the understanding: true things by those kingdoms that are good or friendly; false things (that are taken to be true) by bad or unfriendly ones.  

The land of Canaan  represents the internal mind, where thoughts about good and evil, life, God and heaven take place. In the highest sense it represents heaven itself, and the three kings of the united kingdom of Israel in that land - Saul, David, and Solomon - represent the Divine truth of the the Bible as it is understood in its literal, its internal spiritual, and its inmost celestial senses, respectively.


To a person who has been operating in life pretty much as he or she pleases, the idea of a king of truth ruling in ones life can seem oppressive, just as Samuel described. But to the person who has accepted the need for spiritual regeneration, while this rule of truth may sometimes feel difficult, it is accepted as necessary. They acknowledge the Lord, as He reveals Himself in the Bible, as their King. At first this King may seem moody or ineffectual, as was Saul, but as the person works at understanding truth and putting it into effect in life, the King becomes more powerful and pleasing - represented by David. And in the end, the King is seen to be wise, as was Solomon.


The nations and tribes around Canaan, from Egypt to Babylon, or the Nile to the Euphrates, represent areas of the external mind that sometimes are allied to the internal, and sometimes at war with it. The kings of these nations all represent truth, or at least ideas they believe to be true and operates as truth for them, even if it is false.

(Odkazy: Arcana Coelestia 1728, 5068; The Apocalypse Explained 31 [1,3,7])