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Amos 4

Latin: Vulgata Clementina         

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1 Audite verbum hoc, vaccæ pingues, quæ estis in monte Samariæ, quæ calumniam facitis egenis et confringitis pauperes ; quæ dicitis dominis vestris : Afferte, et bibemus.

2 Juravit Dominus Deus in sancto suo, quia ecce dies venient super vos, et levabunt vos in contis, et reliquias vestras in ollis ferventibus.

3 Et per aperturas exibitis altera contra alteram, et projiciemini in Armon, dicit Dominus.

4 Venite ad Bethel, et impie agite ; ad Galgalam, et multiplicate prævaricationem : et afferte mane victimas vestras, tribus diebus decimas vestras.

5 Et sacrificate de fermentato laudem, et vocate voluntarias oblationes, et annuntiate ; sic enim voluistis, filii Israël, dicit Dominus Deus.

6 Unde et ego dedi vobis stuporem dentium in cunctis urbibus vestris, et indigentiam panum in omnibus locis vestris ; et non estis reversi ad me, dicit Dominus.

7 Ego quoque prohibui a vobis imbrem, cum adhuc tres menses superessent usque ad messem : et plui super unam civitatem, et super alteram civitatem non plui ; pars una compluta est, et pars super quam non plui, aruit.

8 Et venerunt duæ et tres civitates ad unam civitatem ut biberent aquam, et non sunt satiatæ ; et non redistis ad me, dicit Dominus.

9 Percussi vos in vento urente, et in aurugine : multitudinem hortorum vestrorum et vinearum vestrarum, oliveta vestra et ficeta vestra comedit eruca : et non redistis ad me, dicit Dominus.

10 Misi in vos mortem in via Ægypti ; percussi in gladio juvenes vestros, usque ad captivitatem equorum vestrorum, et ascendere feci putredinem castrorum vestrorum in nares vestras : et non redistis ad me, dicit Dominus.

11 Subverti vos sicut subvertit Deus Sodomam et Gomorrham, et facti estis quasi torris raptus ab incendio : et non redistis ad me, dicit Dominus.

12 Quapropter hæc faciam tibi, Israël : postquam autem hæc fecero tibi, præparare in occursum Dei tui, Israël.

13 Quia ecce formans montes, et creans ventum, et annuntians homini eloquium suum, faciens matutinam nebulam, et gradiens super excelsa terræ : Dominus Deus exercituum nomen ejus.

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Exploring the Meaning of Amos 4      

By Helen Kennedy

In chapter 4 of the Book of Amos, verses 1-3 talk about people who pervert the truths of the church. They will fall into falsities in outermost things. Fish are lower things, so it follows that fishhooks (verse 2) would mean being caught and held fast in natural or lower things.

Verses 4-6 talk about things of worship such as tithes and sacrifices. These look similar to genuine worship, but are only in outermost things. We can tell because ‘teeth’ (verse 6) represent ultimates or outermost things (Secrets of Heaven 6380), so it follows that “cleanness of teeth” would mean outermost things that look good but only imitate genuine worship. The Lord exhorts, “Yet you have not returned to me.”

Verses 7-8. Some things true will remain, when the rest are false, in consequence of which truths will have no power. This can be seen where the Lord says, “I made it rain on one city; I withheld rain from another city... where it did not rain the part withered.” Again the Lord exhorts, “Yet you have not returned to me.”

Verse 9. Afterward all things of the church are falsified, shown in how blight attacked the gardens, vineyards, fig tree and olive trees. The last three represent spiritual, natural and celestial things, or all the things of spiritual life. “Yet you have not returned to me,” says the Lord.

Verses 10-11. The Lord explains the devastating things he allowed to happen: plague in Egypt, death of young men by swords, stench in the camps, Sodom and Gomorrah. This is because they are profaned by sensual knowledges - profanation meaning the mixing of good and evil together (Secrets of Heaven 1001:2).

This extends to all things of the church, the church being the Lord’s kingdom on earth (Secrets of Heaven 768:3).

With profanation “as soon as any idea of what is holy arises, the idea of what is profane joins immediately to it” (Secrets of Heaven 301).

Now there is hardly anything left. “Yet you have not returned to Me,” says the Lord again.

Verses 12-13. Because people adamantly remain in their profane ways, they are warned, “Prepare to meet your God!”. This is the God powerful and mighty, “who forms mountains, and creates the wind,” and even more close to home, “Who declares to man what his thought is.” As intimately a knowing as that is, the Lord’s love for all humanity is contained in His exhortations for them to turn themselves to Him.

See, for example, Luke 6:44-45, and True Christian Religion 373.

Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

Librorum Propheticorum et Psalmorum Davidis 204


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcana Coelestia 382, 1069, 1453, 2165, 2220, 2799, 2842, ...

Apocalypsis Revelata 336, 439, 474, 496, 502, 862

Doctrina Novae Hierosolymae de Domino 49


References from Swedenborg's unpublished works:

Apocalypsis Explicata 403, 405, 513, 532, 556, 560, 608, ...

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Word/Phrase Explanations

audite
'To hearken to father and mother,' as mentioned in Genesis 28:7, signifies obedience from affection. 'To hearken,' as mentioned in Genesis 30:22, signifies providence. See...

Samariæ
'Samaria,' as in Amos 4:1. 6:1, signifies the spiritual church perverted.

dominus
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

dicit
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

Bethel
When Jacob had his famous dream, of a staircase leading to heaven, he named the place "Bethel," which is Hebrew for "the house of God."...

mane
Morning comes with the rising of the sun, and the sun – which gives life to the earth with its warmth and light – represents...

tribus
The Writings talk about many aspects of life using the philosophical terms "end," "cause" and "effect." The "end" is someone’s goal or purpose, the ultimate...

diebus
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

decimas vestras
'Tithes,' as in tenths, signifies goods and truths stored up from the Lord in a person’s interior self. These goods are called remains. When these...

filii
'A son,' as in Genesis 5:28, signifies the rise of a new church. 'Son,' as in Genesis 24:3, signifies the Lord’s rationality regarding good. 'A...

locis
'A dry place,' as in Luke 11:24, signifies states of evil and falsity which are in the life of someone who does the work of...

menses
'A month' has respect to the state of truth in a person. 'A month' signifies a full state. Month,' as in Genesis 29, signifies the...

et vinearum vestrarum
'A vine' signifies spiritual good and truth. 'A vine' or 'vineyard' signifies the church where the Word, and the Lord in it, is known, or...

comedit
When we eat, our bodies break down the food and get from it both energy and materials for building and repairing the body. The process...

via
'To set a way,' as in Genesis 30:36, signifies being separated.

gladio
A 'sword,' in the Word, signifies the truth of faith combating and the vastation of truth. In an opposite sense, it signifies falsity combating and...

equorum
'A horse' signifies knowledges or understanding of the Word. In an opposite sense it signifies the understanding of the Word falsified by reasonings, and likewise...

Deus
The Lord is love itself, expressed in the form of wisdom itself. Love, then, is His essence, His inmost. Wisdom - the loving understanding of...

occursum
In natural language, to "meet" someone can be positive or negative: it can be a welcoming and greeting, or it can be "meeting" them in...

exercituum
A host and an army come from the same Hebrew word and mean the same thing in Bible; when the Children of Israel were numbered...

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Three      

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The Writings talk about many aspects of life using the philosophical terms "end," "cause" and "effect." The "end" is someone’s goal or purpose, the ultimate reason to do something. The "cause" is the action taken in pursuit of that goal, what someone actually does. The "effect" is what happens as a result.

So say there's a dead tree that threatens your house: your desire to have that tree gone would be your "end," a chainsaw would be the "cause" and the tree's demise would be the "effect."

If you think about it, you can see that everything we do operates according to these three, that our daily lives are really long strings of ends, causes and effects – and that these three describe each action completely, from beginning to end.

Because of this, the number three in the Bible represents a completeness, a sense of things being covered from beginning to end. That's why Jesus rose on the third day after the Crucifixion – his transformation was complete. It's why Elijah stretched himself on the dead child three times, why Jonah was in the belly of the fish for three days, why the Lord called Samuel three times, and many more. It's also reflected in the fact that there are three levels of heaven, three levels of hell, three levels to human life and, ultimately, three aspects of the Lord Himself: Father (end), Son (cause) and Holy Spirit (effect).

(Odkazy: Arcana Coelestia 900, 1825, 2788, 4495, 9825, 9866; Divine Love and Wisdom 230; The Apocalypse Explained 532; True Christian Religion 608, 712)


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