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창세기 38

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1 그 후에 유다가 자기 형제에게서 내려가서 아둘람 사람 히라에게로 나아가니라

2 유다가 거기서 가나안 사람 수아라 하는 자의 딸을 보고 그를 취하여 동침하니

3 그가 잉태하여 아들을 낳으매 유다가 그 이름을 엘이라 하니라

4 그가 다시 잉태하여 아들을 낳고 그 이름을 오난이라 하고

5 그가 또 다시 아들을 낳고 그 이름을 셀라라 하니라 그가 셀라를 낳을 때에 유다는 거십에 있었더라

6 유다가 장자 엘을 위하여 아내를 취하니 그 이름은 다말이더라

7 유다의 장자 엘이 여호와 목전에 악하므로 여호와께서 그를 죽이신지라

8 유다가 오난에게 이르되 `네 형수에게로 들어가서 남편의 아우의 본분을 행하여 네 형을 취하여 씨가 있게 하라'

9 오난이 그 씨가 자기 것이 되지 않을 줄 알므로 형수에게 들어갔을 때에 형에게 아들을 얻게 아니하려고 땅에 설정하매

10 그 일이 여호와 목전에 악하므로 여호와께서 그도 죽이시니

11 유다가 그 며느리 다말에게 이르되 `수절하고 네 아비 집에 있어서 내 아들 셀라가 장성하기를 기다리라' 하니 셀라도 그 형들 같이 죽을까 염려함이라 다말이 가서 그 아비 집에 있으니라

12 얼마 후에 유다의 아내 수아의 딸이 죽은지라 유다가 위로를 받은 후에 그 친구 아둘람 사람 히라와 함께 딤나로 올라가서 자기 양털 깍는 자에게 이르렀더니

13 혹이 다말에게 고하되 `네 시부가 자기 양털을 깎으려고 딤나에 올라왔다' 한지라

14 그가 그 과부의 의복을 벗고 면박으로 얼굴을 가리고 몸을 휩싸고 딤나 길 곁 에나임 문에 앉으니 이는 셀라가 장성함을 보았어도 자기를 그의 아내로 주지 않음을 인함이라

15 그가 얼굴을 가리웠으므로 유다가 그를 보고 창녀로 여겨

16 길곁으로 그에게 나아가 가로되 `청컨대 나로 네게 들어가게 하라' 하니 그 자부인줄 알지 못하였음이라 그가 가로되 `당신이 무엇을 주고 내게 들어 오려느냐 ?'

17 유다가 가로되 내가 내 떼에서 염소 새끼를 주리라 그가 가로되 당신이 그것을 줄 때까지 약조물을 주겠느냐 ?

18 유다가 가로되 `무슨 약조물을 네게 주랴 ?' 그가 가로되 `당신의 도장과 그 끈과 당신의 손에 있는 지팡이로 하라' 유다가 그것들을 그에게 주고 그에게로 들어갔더니 그가 유다로 말미암아 잉태하였더라

19 그가 일어나 떠나가서 그 면박을 벗고 과부의 의복을 도로 입으니라

20 유다가 그 친구 아둘람 사람의 손에 부탁하여 염소 새끼를 보내고 그 여인의 손에서 약조물을 찾으려 하였으나 그가 그 여인을 찾지 못한지라

21 그가 그 곳 사람에게 물어 가로되 `길 곁 에나임에 있던 창녀가 어디 있느냐 ?` 그들이 가로되 `여기는 창녀가 없느니라'

22 그가 유다에게로 돌아와 가로되 `내가 그를 찾지 못하고 그 곳 사람도 이르기를 여기는 창녀가 없다 하더라`

23 유다가 가로되 `그로 그것을 가지게 두라 우리가 부끄러움을 당할까 하노라 내가 이 염소 새끼를 보내었으나 그대가 그를 찾지 못하였느니라'

24 석달쯤 후에 혹이 유다에게 고하여 가로되 `네 며느리 다말이 행음하였고 그 행음함을 인하여 잉태하였느니라' 유다가 가로되 `그를 끌어 내어 불사르라'

25 여인이 끌려 나갈 때에 보내어 시부에게 이르되 `이 물건 임자로 말미암아 잉태하였나이다 청컨대 보소서, 이 도장과 그 끈과 지팡이가 뉘 것이니이까 ?' 한지라

26 유다가 그것들을 알아보고 가로되 `그는 나보다 옳도다 내가 그를 내 아들 셀라에게 주지 아니하였음이로다' 하고 다시는 그를 가까이 하지 아니하였더라

27 임산하여 보니 쌍태라

28 해산할 때에 손이 나오는지라 산파가 가로되 `이는 먼저 나온자라' 하고 홍사를 가져 그 손에 매었더니

29 그 손을 도로 들이며 그 형제가 나오는지라 산파가 가로되 `네가 어찌하여 터치고 나오느냐 ?' 한고로 그 이름을 베레스라 불렀고

30 그 형제 곧 손에 홍사 있는 자가 뒤에 나오니 그 이름을 세라라 불렀더라

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Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 4811, 4812, 4813, 4814, 4815, 4816, 4817, ...

The Last Judgment (Continuation) 82


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcana Coelestia 367, 592, 2643, 3325, 3519, 4110, 4316, ...


References from Swedenborg's unpublished works:

Apocalypse Explained 433, 1042

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Apocalypse Explained # 1042

Apocalypse Explained (Tansley translation)      

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1042. (v. 4) And the woman was arrayed in crimson and scarlet. That this signifies the appearance of that religious persuasion in externals, as if it were from celestial good and truth, although in internals it is from diabolical evil and falsity, is evident from the signification of the woman, as denoting the religious persuasion among the Papists; and from the signification of being arrayed, as denoting to be in externals; for garments denote things external that cover - hence being arrayed, denotes the appearance in externals; and from the signification of crimson, as denoting good from a celestial origin, and also the evil that is the opposite of this, which is called diabolical evil, of which we shall speak presently. And from the signification of scarlet, as denoting truth from a celestial origin, and also the falsity that is the opposite of this, which is called diabolical falsity. That those goods and truths differ from the goods and truths that are from a spiritual origin, and similarly the evils and falsities that are their opposites, which are called infernal evils and falsities, will be seen in the following article.

(Odkazy: Revelation 17:4)


[2] The reason why the woman, who is the whore and Babylon, is thus described is, that those who are in evils and falsities therefrom are described in the Word from their external appearance; thus, such as they are in the eyes of the men who worship them. The reason why they are thus described is, that the sense of the letter of the Word consists of appearances. But the spiritual sense puts off those appearances, and presents interior things naked, without garments, which, when they appear, do so in quite another form. As in the present case, the woman outwardly appearing clothed in purple and scarlet is, in the internal form, called the mother of the whoredoms and abominations of the earth. Just as it is said of

The rich man clothed in crimson and fine linen, who notwithstanding was cast into hell (Luke xvi. 19).

And also concerning the Assyrians, with whom Ohola and Oholibah, that is, Samaria and Jerusalem, committed whoredom, who are said to be

Clothed in blue, officers and leaders, horsemen riding upon horses (Ezek. xxiii. 6, 12).

And so in other passages. Babylon here described as a whore appears in the world, splendidly clothed, but still abominable, because full of uncleanness.

(Odkazy: Ezekiel 23:6, 23:12; Luke 16:19)


[3] Before it is confirmed from the Word that crimson and scarlet signify goods and truths from a celestial origin, something shall first be said about those goods and truths. The Divine good that proceeds from the Lord is united with His Divine truth, as the heat of the sun with its light in the time of spring. But the angels who are recipients of the Divine good and Divine truth proceeding from the Lord, are distinguished into celestial and spiritual. Those who receive the Divine good more than the Divine truth of the Lord are called celestial angels, because these constitute the kingdom of the Lord which is called the celestial kingdom. But the angels who receive the Lord's Divine truth more than His Divine good are called spiritual angels, because of these consists the Lord's spiritual kingdom. It is therefore evident that goods and truths are of a twofold origin - from a celestial origin and a spiritual origin. Those goods and truths that are from a celestial origin are the goods and truths of love to the Lord; whereas those goods and truths that are from a spiritual origin are the goods and truths of love towards the neighbour. The difference is like that between what is higher and what is lower, or between what is interior and what is exterior; consequently, as between those things that are in a higher or interior degree, and those that are in a lower or exterior. What is the nature of this difference is evident from what is said in the work on Heaven and Hell concerning the three degrees of the heavens, and thence of the angels; and also of their intelligence and wisdom (n. 33, 34, 38, 39, 208, 209, 211, 435).

(Odkazy: Heaven and Hell 33-34, 38-39, 208-209, 211, 435)


[4] That crimson in the Word signifies that good, and scarlet that truth, is evident from the passages in the Word where they are mentioned. As in Ezekiel:

"Fine linen of needlework from Egypt was thy expansion; blue and crimson from the isles of Elisha was thy covering" (xxvii. 7).

This is spoken of Tyre, by which is signified the church as to the knowledges of truth and good. Blue and crimson denote those knowledges from a celestial origin. By covering and expansion are signified the externals of that church.

In Luke:

"There was a certain rich man, who was clothed in crimson and fine linen, and fared sumptuously every day" (xvi. 19).

By the rich man is meant the Jewish nation, and the church there, called rich from the knowledges of good and truth from the Word, which they possessed, crimson having relation to the knowledges of good, and fine linen to the knowledges of truth, both from a celestial origin.

In Lamentations:

"Those that fed delicately are devastated in the streets; those that were brought up upon scarlet, embrace the dunghill" (iv. 5).

To be brought up upon scarlet denotes to be instructed from infancy in truths from celestial good.

(Odkazy: Ezekiel 27:7; Lamentations 4:5; Luke 16:19)


[5] Because the tent of the assembly represented heaven, and the garments of Aaron the holy things of heaven, and crimson and scarlet signified the goods and truths of heaven, therefore, the curtains and veils of the tent, also the garments of Aaron, were wrought with blue, purple, scarlet double-dyed, and fine-twined linen. As, for example,

Upon the curtains of the tabernacle (Exod. xxvi. 1).

Upon the veil before the ark (Exod. xxvi. 8).

Upon the covering for the door of the tent (Exod. xxvi. 36).

Upon the covering at the gate of the outer court (Exod. xxvii. 16).

Upon the ephod (Exod. xxviii. 6).

Upon the belt (Exod. xxviii. 8).

Upon the breastplate of judgment (Exod. xxviii. 15).

Upon the borders of the cloak of the ephod (Exod. xxviii. 33).

Because double-dyed signified the truth of celestial good,

A cloth of scarlet double-dyed was spread over the table upon which was the bread of faces, and afterwards it was covered with a covering of badgers' skin (Numb. iv. 8).

For the inmost things of the celestial kingdom were signified by those things that were upon the table, which were the bread, but the exterior things by those that covered them; these have reference to truths from good.

(Odkazy: Exodus 26:1, 26:8, 26:31, 26:36, 27:16, 28:6, 28:8, 28:15, 28:33; Numbers 4:8)


[6] Because truth from celestial good, which is the truth of the sense of the letter of the Word, is signified by scarlet, therefore it was used for the sake of remembrance, as when it was ordered,

That the sons of Israel should make for themselves a fringe upon the borders of their garments, and should put upon the fringe of the borders a scarlet thread, that by it they might remember all the precepts of Jehovah, and do them (Numb. xv. 38, 39).

For the same reason also it was a custom in ancient times, when significatives were in use, to tie a scarlet thread, in order to remember a thing. As we read concerning Perez, the son of Tamar,

That the midwife tied scarlet upon his hand (Gen. xxxviii. 28, 30).

And concerning the harlot Rahab,

That she tied in the window a scarlet thread, that the searchers might remember their promise (Jos. ii. 17, 21).

(Odkazy: Genesis 38:28, 38:30; Joshua 2:17, 2:18, Joshua 2:21; Numbers 15:38-39)


[7] Because all purifications from evils take place by means of truths from the Word, therefore

In the cleansings they made use of cedar-wood, scarlet, and hyssop (Lev. xiv. 4-7, 49-52);

And the scarlet from a red cow for the waters of expiation and separation (xix. 6).

The reason of such significations of crimson and scarlet is from their colours. For there are colours in heaven far more brilliant than in the world, that have their origin in the light there. And because red colour originates there from something fiery or flamy, and what is fiery and flamy there is from the good of love, hence crimson signifies good from a celestial origin. But scarlet, which derives its colour from what is flaming and white together, and the white from light signifies truth, therefore that colour signifies the truth of celestial good.

(Odkazy: Leviticus 14:4-7, 14:49-52; Numbers 19:6)


[8] As most things in the Word have an opposite sense, so also have crimson and scarlet; then they signify evils and falsities, the opposites of those goods and truths. As in Isaiah:

"Though your sins were as scarlet, they shall become white as snow; though they were red like crimson, they shall be as wool" (i. 8).

Because by scarlet is signified truth, the same as by snow; and by crimson is signified good, the same as by wool; and since by scarlet and crimson, in the opposite sense, is signified falsity and evil, therefore, because falsity and truth, and evil and good, have an opposite correspondence to each other, it is said, "Though your sins were as scarlet, they shall become white as snow, and though they were red like crimson, they shall be as wool."

(Odkazy: Isaiah 1:18; Joshua 2:18)

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References from Swedenborg's unpublished works:

Apocalypse Explained 1036, 1049, 1143, 1166


Thanks to the Swedenborg Society for the permission to use this translation.


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