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에스겔 39

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1 그러므로 인자야 너는 곡을 쳐서 예언하여 이르기를 주 여호와의 말씀에 로스와 메섹과 두발 왕 곡아 내가 너를 대적하여

2 너를 돌이켜서 이끌고 먼 북방에서부터 나와서 이스라엘 위에 이르러

3 을 쳐서 네 왼에서 떨어뜨리고 네 살을 네 오른에서 떨어뜨리리니

4 너와 네 모든 떼와 너와 함께한 백성이 다 이스라엘 산에 엎드러지리라 내가 너를 각종 움키는 짐승에게 붙여 먹게 하리니

5 네가 빈에 엎드러지리라 이는 내가 말하였음이니라 나 주 여호와의 말이니라

6 내가 또 마곡과 및 에 평안히 거하는 자에게 내리리니 그들이 나를 여호와인 줄 알리라

7 내가 내 거룩한 이름을 내 백성 이스라엘 가운데 알게 하여 다시는 내 거룩한 이름을 더럽히지 않게 하리니 열국이 나를 여호와이스라엘거룩한 자인 줄 알리라 하셨다 하라

8 나 주 여호와가 말하노라 볼지어다 그 이 이르고 이루리니 내가 말한 그 날이 이 날이니라

9 이스라엘 성읍들에 거한 자가 나가서 그 병기를 피워 사르되 큰 방패와 작은 방패과 살과 몽둥이와 창을 취하여 칠년 동안 피우리라

10 이와 같이 그 병기로 을 피울 것이므로 그에서 나무를 취하지 아니하며 삼림에서 벌목하지 아니하겠고 전에 자기에게서 약탈하던 자의 것을 약탈하며 전에 자기에게서 늑탈하던 자의 것을 늑탈하리라 나 주 여호와의 말이니라

11 그 날에 내가 곡을 위하여 이스라엘 땅 곧 바다 동편 사람의 통행하는 골짜기를 매장지로 주리니 통행하던 것이 막힐 것이라 사람이 거기서 곡과 그 모든 무리를 장사하고 그 이름을 하몬곡의 골짜기라 컬으리라

12 이스라엘 족속이 일곱 동안에 그들을 장사하여 그 을 정결케 할 것이라

13 모든 백성이 그들을 장사하고 그로 말미암아 이름을 얻으리니 이는 나의 영광이 나타나는 날이니라 나 주 여호와의 말이니라

14 그들이 사람을 택하여 그 에 늘 순행하며 장사할 사람으로 더불어 지면에 남아 있는 시체를 장사하여 그 을 정결케 할 것이라 일곱 후에 그들이 살펴 보되

15 순행하는 자가 그 으로 통행하다가 사람의 를 보면 그 곁에 표를 세워 장사하는 자로 와서 하몬곡 골짜기에 장사하게 할 것이요

16 성의 이름도 하모나라 하리라 그들이 이와 같이 그 을 정결케하리라

17 너 인자야 나 주 여호와가 말하노라 너는 각종 의 각종 짐승에게 이르기를 너희는 모여 오라 내가 너희를 위한 잔치 곧 이스라엘 위에 예비한 잔치로 너희는 사방에서 모여서 고기를 먹으며 피를 마실지어다

18 너희가 용사의 고기를 먹으며 세상 왕들의 피를 마시기를 바산의 살진 짐승 곧 수이나 어린 이나 염소나 수송아지를 먹듯 할지라

19 내가 너희를 위하여 예비한 잔치의 기름을 너희가 배불리 먹으며 그 피를 취토록 마시되

20 내 상에서 말과 기병과 용사와 모든 군사를 배불리 먹을지니라 하라 나 주 여호와이니라

21 내가 내 영광을 열국 중에 나타내어 열국으로 나의 행한 심판과 내가 그 위에 나타낸 권능을 보게 하리니

22 그 날 이후에 이스라엘 족속은 나를 여호와 자기들의 하나님인 줄 알겠고

23 열국은 이스라엘 족속이 그 죄악으로 인하여 사로잡혀 갔던 줄 알지라 그들이 내게 범하였으므로 내 얼굴을 그들에게 가리우고 그들을 그 대적에 붙여 다 에 엎드러지게 하였으되

24 내가 그들의 더러움과 그들의 범죄한대로 행하여 그들에게 내 얼굴을 가리웠었느니라

25 그러므로 나 주 여호와가 말하노라 내가 이제 내 거룩한 이름을 위하여 열심을 내어 야곱의 사로잡힌 자를 돌아오게 하며 이스라엘 온 족속에게 긍휼을 베풀지라

26 그들이 그 땅에 평안히 거하고 두렵게 할 자가 없게 될 때에 부끄러움을 품고 내게 범한 죄를 뉘우치리니

27 곧 내가 그들을 만민 중에서 돌아오게 하고 국 중에서 모아내어 열국 목전에서 그들로 인하여 나의 거룩함을 나타낼 때에라

28 전에는 내가 그들로 사로잡혀 열국에 이르게 하였거니와 후에는 내가 그들을 모아 고토로 돌아오게 하고 그 한 사람도 이방에 남기지 아니하리니 그들이 나를 여호와 자기들의 하나님인 줄 알리라

29 내가 다시는 내 얼굴을 그들에게 가리우지 아니하리니 이는 내가 내 신을 이스라엘 족속에게 쏟았음이니라 나 주 여호와의 말이니라

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Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

요한 계시록 풀이 859

The Inner Meaning of the Prophets and Psalms 162


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcana Coelestia 728, 737, 778, 988, 1151, 1292, 2686, ...

요한 계시록 풀이 10, 216, 298, 299, 379, 436, 437, ...

주님에 관한 교리 4, 28

성경에 관한 교리 15

참된 기독교 705, 706

새 예루살렘 그리고 그곳의 교리 222


References from Swedenborg's unpublished works:

Apocalypse Explained 257, 329, 342, 355, 357, 388, 406, ...

Coronis (An Appendix to True Christian Religion) 3

The White Horse - Appendix 1

Scriptural Confirmations 4, 53

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The White Horse - Appendix # 1

White Horse Appendix (Elliott translation)      

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1. APPENDIX to THE WHITE HORSE

Since today it must inevitably appear strange that a horse means the understanding of truth, and in a contrary sense, reasonings coming as it were from the understanding which confirm falsehood, I should like to quote more passages still from the Word where the horse is mentioned. Let these suffice:

Is Thine indignation against the sea, O Jehovah, when Thou dost ride upon Thy horses! Thy chariots are salvation. Thou didst trample the sea with Thy horses, the surging of the waters, Habakkuk 3:8, 15.

The hoofs of Jehovah's horses are reckoned as flint, Isaiah 5:28.

At Thy rebuke both chariot and horse lay stunned, Psalm 76:5-6.

I will overthrow the throne of kingdoms, and I will overthrow the chariot and those that ride in it, and the horses and their horsemen shall go down, Haggai 2:22.

I will cut off the horse from Jerusalem: he shall speak peace to the nations, Zechariah 9:10.

In these places the Church's understanding of truth is meant by the horse, and doctrine derived from it by the chariot; and those who are able to understand and learn from the Word are meant by riders and horsemen. The matter is plainer still from these places:

Gather yourselves from all around to My sacrifice; you shall be satisfied at My table with horse and chariot. So I will set My glory among the nations, Ezekiel 39:17, 20-21.

Gather yourselves to the great supper of God, and you shall eat the flesh of horses and of those seated on them, Revelation 19:17-18.

The subject here is the New Church that is to be established by the Lord. At that time the understanding of the Word will be opened and from it men will be taught the doctrine of truth. What else would the statements that they were to be filled at the Lord's table with horse and chariot, and that they were to eat the flesh of horses and of those seated on them, be but utter absurdities! In addition to the examples already brought forward, the meaning of horse and chariot is obvious from these places:

Gird on Thy sword, O Mighty One! Mount, and ride on the Word of truth, Psalm 45:3-4.

Sing, lift up a song to Him Who rides upon the clouds, Psalm 68:4.

Jehovah comes riding upon a cloud, Isaiah 19:1.

Sing to the Lord Who is riding on the highest heaven of old, Psalm 68:33-34.

God rode on a cherub, Psalm 18:10.

Then you shall take delight in Jehovah, and I will make you ride on the heights of the earth, Isaiah 58:14; Deuteronomy 32:13.

I will make Ephraim ride, Hosea 10:11.

By riding in these passages is meant teaching and being taught the truths of doctrine, and thus being wise. By the heights of the earth are meant the summits of the Church, and by Ephraim also the understanding of the Word. Like matters are meant by horses and chariots, by the four chariots coming out between the mountains of bronze, and by the four horses harnessed to them, which were red, black, white, and dappled grey, and which are also called spirits and are said to have gone forth from standing in the presence of the Lord of the whole earth, Zechariah 6:1-8, 15.

Things of a similar nature are meant by these words as well:

When the Lamb opened the seals of the book horses went out in order, first a white horse, second a red horse, third a black horse, and fourth a pale horse, Revelation 6:1-8.

It is obvious that by the book whose seals the Lamb opened the Word is meant, out of which nothing else could come except the understanding of it. What other meaning could horses coming out of an opened book have!

It is clear that a horse means the understanding of truth and a chariot doctrine from the same words when they are used in a contrary sense. A horse then means the understanding falsifying truths by means of mere reasonings, and a chariot consequent doctrine, that is, heresy, as in the following places:

Woe to those who go down into Egypt for help and rely on horses and do not look to the Holy One of Israel! For Egypt is man and not God, and his horses are flesh and not spirit, Isaiah 31:1, 3.

You shall set over Israel a king whom Jehovah shall choose, only let him not multiply horses for himself nor lead the people back into Egypt to multiply horses, Deuteronomy 17:14-16.

These matters have been stated because by Egypt is meant the natural man, who corrupts the truths of the Word by mere reasonings from the physical senses. What else could the horses of Egypt being flesh and not spirit, and the king not having to multiply horses, that is, falsehoods that have to do with religion, mean?

Assyria will not save us, we will not ride upon a horse, Hosea 14:3.

Some boast of the chariot and others of horses but we will boast of the name of our God, Psalm 20:7-8.

A horse is a vain thing for safety, Psalm 33:17.

The Holy One of Israel said, In trust shall be your strength. But you said, No. We will flee on a horse, we will ride on a swift one, Isaiah 30:15-16.

Jehovah will set Judah like a glorious horse; they shall put to shame those riding on horses, Zechariah 10:3-5.

I will bring against Tyre the king of Babylon, with horse and with chariot, and with horsemen. Their horses shall be so many that their dust will cover you, and the noise of horse and chariot so much that your walls will be shaken. With the hoofs of his horses he will trample all your streets, Ezekiel 26:7-11.

By Tyre in the Word is meant the Church as regards its cognitions of good and truth, and by the king of Babylon the falsification and profanation of them. Hence it says here that he will come with horse and chariot and horsemen, and that the horses will be so many that their dust will cover him. Woe to the bloody city, all full of lies, with whinnying horse and bounding chariot, Nahum 3:1-4.

By the bloody city is meant doctrine derived from truths of the Word that have been falsified. And in other places as well, such as Isaiah 5:26, 28; Jeremiah 6:23, 8:16, 46:4, 9, 50:37-38, 42; Ezekiel 17:15, 23:6, 20; Habakkuk 1:6, 8-10; Psalms 66:11-12, 147:10. A falsified and ruined understanding of truth that is in the Word is also meant by the red, black, and pale horses of Revelation 6:4-5, 8. Since therefore a horse means an understanding of truth, and in a contrary sense, an understanding of falsehood, it is clear what the Word is like in its spiritual sense.

It is well known that hieroglyphics existed in Egypt and that these were inscribed on columns and temple walls, etc., and that nobody knows nowadays what they meant. They were nothing else but correspondences of natural and spiritual things, to which the Egyptians applied themselves more than any other peoples of their own times in Asia, and it was according to these correspondences that the ancient Greeks composed their fables. The most ancient style was nothing else but this. To all these matters let me add one that is new: All things that manifest themselves in the spiritual world to angels and spirits are without exception correspondences, and for that very reason the whole of the Sacred Scripture has been written by means of correspondences (in the margin, in order that by means of it, as this is the nature of it, men of the Church would be conjoined with angels of heaven). But because the Egyptians, and others with them in the kingdoms of Asia, began to turn those correspondences into forms of idolatry which the children of Israel tended to favour, the latter were forbidden to call them back into any use at all, as is quite plain from the first of the Ten Commandments where these words appear:

You shall not make for yourself any carved image which is in the heavens above or which is on the earth beneath or which is in the waters under the earth. You shall not bow down to them nor serve them, for I am Jehovah your God, Deuteronomy 5:8-9.

And there are many more examples elsewhere. From that time on the knowledge of correspondences was blotted out. This happened by stages, in so much that nowadays its existence in the past is almost unknown, or that there is such a thing. Now however because a New Church is to be established by the Lord, one that is to be based on the Word, and which is understood by the New Jerusalem in the Book of Revelation, the Lord has been pleased to reveal that knowledge, and so to open up the Word to show what it is like inside in its inmost parts, that is, to show what it is in the spiritual sense. This has been done by means of myself in ARCANA COELESTIA, published in London, and afterwards in APOCALYPSE REVEALED, published in Amsterdam. Since for men of early times that knowledge was the greatest knowledge of all, and from it came their wisdom, it is important that some member of your academy should devote his labours to that knowledge, which can be done chiefly from the correspondences disclosed in APOCALYPSE REVEALED and proved from the Word. If there is a demand for it I am willing to unravel the Egyptian hieroglyphics, which are nothing else but correspondences, and have the matter published. Nobody else can do it.

Em. Swedenborg

(Odkazy: Deuteronomy 32:12-13; Ezekiel 17:16, 23:5-6; Hosea 14:4; Jeremiah 50:43; Psalms 18:11, 20:7, 20:8, 45:4-5, 68:5, 68:32-33, 76:6, 76:7; Revelation 6:4, 6:6; Zechariah 6, 10:3, 10:5)

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Thanks to the Swedenborg Society for the permission to use this translation.


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