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에스겔 39

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1 그러므로 인자야 너는 곡을 쳐서 예언하여 이르기를 주 여호와의 말씀에 로스와 메섹과 두발 왕 곡아 내가 너를 대적하여

2 너를 돌이켜서 이끌고 먼 북방에서부터 나와서 이스라엘 산 위에 이르러

3 네 활을 쳐서 네 왼손에서 떨어뜨리고 네 살을 네 오른손에서 떨어뜨리리니

4 너와 네 모든 떼와 너와 함께한 백성이 다 이스라엘 산에 엎드러지리라 내가 너를 각종 움키는 새와 들짐승에게 붙여 먹게 하리니

5 네가 빈들에 엎드러지리라 이는 내가 말하였음이니라 나 주 여호와의 말이니라

6 내가 또 불을 마곡과 및 섬에 평안히 거하는 자에게 내리리니 그들이 나를 여호와인 줄 알리라

7 내가 내 거룩한 이름을 내 백성 이스라엘 가운데 알게 하여 다시는 내 거룩한 이름을 더럽히지 않게 하리니 열국이 나를 여호와 곧 이스라엘의 거룩한 자인 줄 알리라 하셨다 하라

8 나 주 여호와가 말하노라 볼지어다 그 일이 이르고 이루리니 내가 말한 그 날이 이 날이니라

9 이스라엘 성읍들에 거한 자가 나가서 그 병기를 불 피워 사르되 큰 방패와 작은 방패와 활과 살과 몽둥이와 창을 취하여 칠년 동안 불 피우리라

10 이와 같이 그 병기로 불을 피울 것이므로 그들이 들에서 나무를 취하지 아니하며 삼림에서 벌목하지 아니하겠고 전에 자기에게서 약탈하던 자의 것을 약탈하며 전에 자기에게서 늑탈하던 자의 것을 늑탈하리라 나 주 여호와의 말이니라

11 그 날에 내가 곡을 위하여 이스라엘 땅 곧 바다 동편 사람의 통행하는 골짜기를 매장지로 주리니 통행하던 것이 막힐 것이라 사람이 거기서 곡과 그 모든 무리를 장사하고 그 이름을 하몬곡의 골짜기라 일컬으리라

12 이스라엘 족속이 일곱 달 동안에 그들을 장사하여 그 땅을 정결케 할 것이라

13 그 땅 모든 백성이 그들을 장사하고 그로 말미암아 이름을 얻으리니 이는 나의 영광이 나타나는 날이니라 나 주 여호와의 말이니라

14 그들이 사람을 택하여 그 땅에 늘 순행하며 장사할 사람으로 더불어 지면에 남아 있는 시체를 장사하여 그 땅을 정결케 할 것이라 일곱달 후에 그들이 살펴 보되

15 순행하는 자가 그 땅으로 통행하다가 사람의 뼈를 보면 그 곁에 표를 세워 장사하는 자로 와서 하몬곡 골짜기에 장사하게 할 것이요

16 성의 이름도 하모나라 하리라 그들이 이와 같이 그 땅을 정결케하리라

17 너 인자야 나 주 여호와가 말하노라 너는 각종 새와 들의 각종 짐승에게 이르기를 너희는 모여 오라 내가 너희를 위한 잔치 곧 이스라엘 산 위에 예비한 큰 잔치로 너희는 사방에서 모여서 고기를 먹으며 피를 마실지어다

18 너희가 용사의 고기를 먹으며 세상 왕들의 피를 마시기를 바산의 살진 짐승 곧 수양이나 어린 양이나 염소나 수송아지를 먹듯 할지라

19 내가 너희를 위하여 예비한 잔치의 기름을 너희가 배불리 먹으며 그 피를 취토록 마시되

20 내 상에서 말과 기병과 용사와 모든 군사를 배불리 먹을지니라 하라 나 주 여호와의 말이니라

21 내가 내 영광을 열국 중에 나타내어 열국으로 나의 행한 심판과 내가 그 위에 나타낸 권능을 보게 하리니

22 그 날 이후에 이스라엘 족속은 나를 여호와 자기들의 하나님인 줄 알겠고

23 열국은 이스라엘 족속이 그 죄악으로 인하여 사로잡혀 갔던 줄 알지라 그들이 내게 범죄하였으므로 내 얼굴을 그들에게 가리우고 그들을 그 대적의 손에 붙여 다 칼에 엎드러지게 하였으되

24 내가 그들의 더러움과 그들의 범죄한대로 행하여 그들에게 내 얼굴을 가리웠었느니라

25 그러므로 나 주 여호와가 말하노라 내가 이제 내 거룩한 이름을 위하여 열심을 내어 야곱의 사로잡힌 자를 돌아오게 하며 이스라엘 온 족속에게 긍휼을 베풀지라

26 그들이 그 땅에 평안히 거하고 두렵게 할 자가 없게 될 때에 부끄러움을 품고 내게 범한 죄를 뉘우치리니

27 곧 내가 그들을 만민 중에서 돌아오게 하고 적국 중에서 모아내어 열국 목전에서 그들로 인하여 나의 거룩함을 나타낼 때에라

28 전에는 내가 그들로 사로잡혀 열국에 이르게 하였거니와 후에는 내가 그들을 모아 고토로 돌아오게 하고 그 한 사람도 이방에 남기지 아니하리니 그들이 나를 여호와 자기들의 하나님인 줄 알리라

29 내가 다시는 내 얼굴을 그들에게 가리우지 아니하리니 이는 내가 내 신을 이스라엘 족속에게 쏟았음이니라 나 주 여호와의 말이니라

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Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

요한 계시록 풀이 859

The Inner Meaning of the Prophets and Psalms 162


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcana Coelestia 728, 737, 778, 988, 1151, 1292, 2686, ...

요한 계시록 풀이 10, 216, 298, 299, 379, 436, 437, ...

주님에 관한 교리 4, 28

성경에 관한 교리 15

참된 기독교 705, 706

새 예루살렘 그리고 그곳의 교리 222


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 257, 329, 342, 355, 357, 388, 406, ...

Coronis (An Appendix to True Christian Religion) 3

The White Horse - Appendix 1

Scriptural Confirmations 4, 53

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Arcana Coelestia # 5585

Arcana Coelestia (Elliott translation)      

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5585. 'Saying, You will not see my face' means that no compassion will show itself. This is clear from the meaning of 'face', when used in reference to a person, as his interiors, that is to say, his affections and consequent thoughts, dealt with in 358, 1999, 2434, 3527, 3573, 4066, 4796, 4797, 5102. But when used in reference to the Lord, for the Lord is represented in the highest sense by 'Joseph', 'face' means mercy and compassion, and therefore 'not seeing his face' means a lack of mercy or absence of compassion. Not that the Lord lacks any compassion, for He is pure mercy; but when the intermediary that effects the joining to Him is not present it does seem to a person as though there is no compassion in the Lord. The reason for this is that if no intermediary effecting the joining together is present, no acceptance of good takes place. And if there is no acceptance of good, evil is present instead. If at this time the person calls out to the Lord because evil prompts him to do so, thus for selfish reasons in defiance of anyone else's needs, he is not heard, in which case it seems as though no compassion shows itself.

(Odkazy: Arcana Coelestia 4796-4797)


[2] As regards 'Jehovah's (or the Lord's) face' meaning mercy, this is evident from the Word; for understood properly 'Jehovah's (or the Lord's) face' is Divine love itself, and being Divine love it is the face of mercy since mercy is the expression of love towards the human race set in such miseries. The truth that 'Jehovah's (or the Lord's) face' is Divine Love may be seen from the Lord's face when He was transfigured in the presence of Peter, James, and John; that is, when He displayed His Divinity to them,

His face shone like the sun. Matthew 17:2.

It has been shown already that 'the sun' is Divine Love, see 30-38, 1521, 1529-1531, 2441, 2495, 3636, 3643, 4060, 4321 (end), 4696. The Lord's actual Divinity had never previously appeared in any face; but His Divine Human had so appeared, through which, seemingly within which, Divine Love - which in relation to the human race is Divine Mercy - showed itself. This Divine Mercy within the Divine Human is called 'the angel of His face' in Isaiah,

I will cause the mercies of Jehovah to be remembered. He has rewarded 1 them according to His mercies, and according to the abundance of His mercies; and He became their Saviour. And the angel of His face saved them; in His love and in His pity He redeemed them. Isaiah 63:7-9.

The expression 'the angel' is used because 'angels' in the Word means in the internal sense some attribute of the Lord, 1925, 2821, 4085, in this case His mercy, which is why the phrase 'the angel of His face' is used.

(Odkazy: Arcana Coelestia 3038)


[3] 'Jehovah's (or the Lord's) face' is not only mercy but also peace and goodness since these are attributes of mercy, as may also be seen from the following places: In the Blessing,

Jehovah make His face shine upon you and be merciful to you. Jehovah lift up His face upon you and give you peace. Numbers 6:25-26.

Here it is quite evident that 'making His face shine' means showing mercy, and 'lifting up His face' means granting His peace. In David,

God be merciful to us and bless us, and make His face shine upon us. Psalms 67:1.

Here also 'face' stands for mercy. In the same author,

Turn us back, O God, and make Your face shine, that we may be saved. Psalms 80:3, 7, 19.

Here the meaning is similar. In the same author,

Deliver me from the hand of my enemies and my pursuers. Make Your face shine upon Your servant. Psalms 31:15-16.

Likewise in Psalms 119:134-135. In Daniel,

Hear, our God, the prayer of Your servant, and his supplications, and make Your face shine upon Your sanctuary that has been made desolate. Daniel 9:17.

Here also 'making His face shine' stands for showing mercy.

(Odkazy: Psalms 67:2)


[4] In David,

Many are saying, Who will cause us to see good? Lift up the light of Your face upon us. Psalms 4:6-7.

'Lifting up the light of His face' stands for His imparting good because of His mercy. In Hosea,

Let them seek My face; when they are in distress, in the morning let them seek Me. Hosea 5:15.

In David,

Seek My face! Your face, O Jehovah, will I seek. Psalms 27:8-9.

In the same author,

Seek Jehovah and His strength; seek His face continually. Psalms 105:4.

'Seeking Jehovah's face' stands for seeking His mercy. In the same author,

I, in righteousness, shall see Your face. Psalms 17:15.

And in Matthew,

See that you do not despise any of these tiny ones; for I say to you that their angels in heaven always see the face of My Father who is in heaven. Matthew 18:10.

'Seeing God's face' stands for the enjoyment of peace and good because of His mercy.

[5] But the contrary of this is the hiding or concealment and also the turning away of the face, by which showing no compassion is meant, as in Isaiah,

In an overflowing of My anger I hid My face from you for a moment; but with eternal mercy I will have mercy on you. Isaiah 54:8.

'An overflowing of anger' stands for temptation in which, because the Lord does not seem to show mercy, the words 'I hid My face from you for a moment' are used. In Ezekiel,

I will turn My face away from them. Ezekiel 7:22.

In David,

How long, O Jehovah, will You forget me [as if] for ever? How long will You hide Your face from me? Psalms 13:1

In the same author,

Do not hide Your face from me; do not cast aside Your servant in anger. Psalms 17:8, 9.

In the same author,

Why, O Jehovah, do You abandon my soul? Why do You hide Your face from me? Psalms 88:14.

In the same author,

Make haste, answer me, O Jehovah. MY spirit is consumed. Do not hide Your face from me, lest I become like those going down into the pit. Cause me to hear Your mercy in the morning. Psalms 143:7-8.

And in Moses,

My anger will flare up against this people on that day, so that I forsake them, and I will hide My face from them, and they will be devoured. I will certainly hide My face on that day, because of all the evil which they have done. Deuteronomy 31:17-18.

'Anger flaring up' stands for turning oneself away, 5034, and 'hiding one's face' for not showing any compassion.

(Odkazy: Psalms 27:9)


[6] These actions are attributed to Jehovah or the Lord, for the reason that although He is never angry and never turns away or hides His face He is said to do so because that is how it seems to someone under the influence of evil. For the person under the influence of evil turns himself away and hides the Lord's face from himself; that is, he removes His mercy from himself. The fact that it is the evils present with a person that do this is also clear from the Word, as in Micah,

Jehovah will hide His face from them at that time, inasmuch as they have rendered their deeds evil. Micah 3:4.

In Ezekiel,

Because they transgressed against Me, therefore I hid My face from them. According to their uncleanness and according to their transgressions I have dealt with them and have hidden My face from them. Ezekiel 39:23-24.

In particular in Isaiah,

Your iniquities are what separate you from your God, and your sins what cause. His face to hide from you. Isaiah 59:2.

From these and many other places one may see the internal sense, which shows itself in various places and is discovered by one who is looking for it.

-----
Footnotes:

1. Reading retribuit (has rewarded), which Swedenborg has in his rough draft and also in 221, for retribuet (will reward)

-----

(Odkazy: Ezekiel 39:28-29; Genesis 43:3)

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Odkazy z vydaných prací:

Arcana Coelestia 5592, 5706, 5816, 6037, 6263, 7599, 8867, 8925, 9212, 9293, 9297, 9306, 9545, 9546, 9936, 10019, 10433

The New Jerusalem and its Heavenly Doctrine 121, 196


Odkazy z nepublikovaných prací E. Swedenborga:

Apocalypse Explained 64, 74, 401


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Thanks to the Swedenborg Society for the permission to use this translation.


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