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에스겔 16

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1 여호와씀이 또 내게 임하여 가라사대

2 인자야 예루살렘으로 그 가증한 일을 알게 하여

3 이르기를 주 여호와께서 예루살렘에 대하여 말씀하시되 네 근본과 난 은 가나안이요 네 아비는 아모리 사람이요 네 어미는 헷 사람이라

4 너의 난 것을 말하건대 네가 날 때에 네 배꼽줄을 자르지 아니하였고 너를 씻어 정결케 하지 아니하였고 네게 소금을 뿌리지 아니하였고 너를 강보에 싸지도 아니하였나니

5 너를 돌아 보아 이 중에 한 가지라도 네게 행하여 너를 긍휼히 여긴 자가 없었으므로 네가 나던 날에 네 몸이 꺼린바 되어 네가 에 버리웠었느니라

6 내가 네 곁으로 지나 갈 때에 네가 투성이가 되어 발짓하는 것을 보고 네게 이르기를 너는 투성이라도 살라 다시 이르기를 너는 투성이라도 살라 하고

7 내가 너로 의 풀 같이 많게 하였더니 네가 크게 자라고 심히 아름다우며 유방이 뚜렷하고 네 머리털이 자랐으나 네가 오히려 벌거벗은 적신이더라

8 내가 네 곁으로 지나며 보니 네 때가 사랑스러운 때라 내 옷으로 너를 덮어 벌거벗은 것을 가리우고 네게 맹세하고 언약하여 너로 내게 속하게 하였었느니라 나 주 여호와의 말이니라

9 내가 로 너를 씻겨서 네 피를 없이 하며 네게 기름을 바르고

10 수 놓은 옷을 입히고 물돼지 가죽신을 신기고 가는 베로 띠우고 명주로 덧입히고

11 패물을 채우고 팔고리를 목에 끼우고 사슬을 목에 드리우고

12 고리를 에 달고 귀고리를 귀에 달고 화려한 면류관을 머리에 씌웠나니

13 이와 같이 네가 으로 장식하고 가는 베와 명주와 수놓 것을 입으며 또 고운 밀가루기름을 먹음으로 극히 곱고 형통하여 왕후의 지위에 나아갔느니라

14 네 화려함을 인하여 네 명성이 이방인 중에 퍼졌음은 내가 네게 입힌 영화로 네 화려함이 온전함이니라 나 주 여호와의 말이니라

15 그러나 네가 네 화려함을 믿고 네 명성을 인하여 행음하되 무릇 지나가는 자면 더불어 음란을 많이 행하므로 네 몸이 그들의 것이 되도다

16 네가 네 의복을 취하여 색스러운 산당을 너를 위하여 만들고 거기서 행음하였나니 이런 일은 전무후무하니라

17 네가 또 나의 준 , 장식품으로 너를 위하여 남자 우상을 만들어 행음하며

18 또 네 수 놓은 으로 그 우상에게 입히고 나의 기름과 향으로 그 앞에 베풀며

19 또 내가 네게 주어 먹게 한 내 식물 곧 고운 밀가루기름꿀을 네가 그 앞에 베풀어 향기를 삼았나니 과연 그렇게 하였느니라 나 주 여호와의 말이니라

20 또 네가 나를 위하여 낳은 네 자녀를 가져 그들에게 드려 제물을 삼아 불살랐느니라 네가 너의 음행을 작은 일로 여겨서

21 나의 자녀들을 죽여 우상에게 붙여 불 가운데로 지나가게 하였느냐 ?

22 네 어렸을 때에 벌거벗어 적신이었으며 투성이가 되어서 발짓하던 것을 기억지 아니하고 네가 모든 가증한 과 음란을 행하였느니라

23 나 주 여호와가 말하노라 너는 화 있을진저 화 있을진저 네가 모든 을 행한 후에

24 너를 위하여 누를 건축하며 모든 거리에 높은 대를 쌓았도다

25 네가 높은 대를 모든 길 머리에 쌓고 네 아름다움을 가증하게 하여 모든 지나가는 자에게 다리를 벌려 심히 행음하고

26 하체가 큰 네 이웃나라 애굽 사람과도 행음하되 심히 음란히 하여 내 노를 격동하였도다

27 그러므로 내가 내 을 네 에 펴서 네 일용 양식을 감하고 너를 미워하는 블레셋 여자 곧 네 더러운 행실을 부끄러워하는 자에게 너를 붙여 임의로 하게 하였거늘

28 네가 음욕이 차지 아니하여 또 앗수르 사람과 행음하고 그들과 행음하고도 오히려 부족히 여겨

29 장사하는 갈대아에까지 심히 행음하되 오히려 족한 줄을 알지못하였느니라

30 나 주 여호와가 말하노라 네가 이 모든 일을 행하니 이는 방자한 음부의 행위라 네 마음이 어찌 그리 약한지

31 네가 누를 모든 길 머리건축하높은 대를 모든 거리에 쌓고도 값을 싫어하니 창기 같지도 않도다

32 그 지아비 대신에 외인과 사통하여 간음하는 아내로다

33 사람들은 모든 창기에게 선물을 주거늘 오직 너는 네 모든 정든 자에게 선물을 주며 값을 주어서 사방에서 와서 너와 행음하게 하니

34 사람들은 모든 창기에게 선물을 주거늘 오직 너는 네 모든 정든 자에게 선물을 주며 값을 주어서 사방에서 와서 너와 행음하게 하니

35 너의 음란함이 다른 여인과 같지 아니함은 행음하려고 너를 따르는 자가 없음이며 또 네가 값을 받지 아니하고 도리어 줌이라 그런즉 다른 여인과 같지 아니하니라

36 그러므로 너 음부야 여호와의 말을 들을지어다

37 나 주 여호와가 말하노라 네가 네 누추한 것을 쏟으며 네 정든 자와 행음함으로 벗은 몸을 드러내며 또 가증한 우상을 위하여 네 자녀의 피를 그 우상에게 드렸은즉

38 내가 저의 즐거워하는 정든 자와 사랑하던 모든 자와 미워하던 모든 자를 모으되 사방에서 모아 너를 대적하게 할 것이요 또 네 벗은 몸을 그 앞에 드러내어 그들로 그것을 다 보게 할 것이며

39 내가 또 간음하고 사람의 피를 흘리는 여인을 국문함 같이 너를 국문하여 진노의 피와 투기의 피를 네게 돌리고

40 내가 또 너를 그들의 손에 붙이리니 그들이 네 누를 헐며 네 높은 대를 훼파하며 네 의복을 벗기고 네 장식품을 빼앗고 네 몸을 벌거벗겨 버려두며

41 무리를 데리고 와서 너를 돌로 치며 칼로 찌르며

42 불로 너의 집들을 사르고 여러 여인의 목전에서 너를 벌할지라 내가 너로 곧 음행을 그치게 하리니 네가 다시는 값을 주지 아니하리라

43 그리한즉 내가 네게 대한 내 분노가 그치며 내 투기가 네게서 떠나고 마음이 평안하여 다시는 노하지 아니하리라

44 네가 어렸을 때를 기억지 아니하고 이 모든 일로 나를 격노케 하였은즉 내가 네 행위대로 네 머리에 보응하리니 네가 이 음란과 네 모든 가증한 일을 다시는 행하지 아니하리라 나 주 여호와의 말이니라

45 무릇 속담하는 자가 네게 대하여 속담하기를 어미가 어떠하면 도 그렇다 하리라

46 너는 그 남편과 자녀를 싫어한 어미의 이요 너는 그 남편과 자녀를 싫어한 형의 동생이로다 네 어미는 헷 사람이요 네 아비는 아모리 사람이며

47 네 형은 그 딸들과 함께 네 좌편에 거하는 사마리아요 네 아우는 그 딸들과 함께 네 우편에 거하는 소돔이라

48 네가 그들의 행위대로만 행치 아니하며 그 가증한대로만 행치 아니하고 그것을 적게 여겨서 네 모든 행위가 그보다 더욱 부패하였도다

49 나 주 여호와가 말하노라 내가 나의 삶을 두고 맹세하노니 네 아우 소돔 곧 그와 그 딸들은 너와 네 딸들의 행위 같이 행치 아니하였느니라

50 네 아우 소돔의 죄악은 이러하니 그와 그 딸들에게 교만함과 식물의 풍족함과 태평함이 있음이며 또 그가 가난하고 궁핍한 자를 도와주지 아니하며

51 거만하여 가증한 일을 내 앞에서 행하였음이라 그러므로 내가 보고 곧 그들을 없이 하였느니라

52 사마리아는 네 의 절반도 범치 아니하였느니라 네가 그들보다 가증한 일을 심히 행한고로 너의 가증한 행위로 네 형과 아우를 의롭게 하였느니라

53 네가 네 형과 아우를 논단하였은즉 너도 네 수치를 담당할찌니라 네가 그들보다 더욱 가증한 죄를 범하므로 그들이 너보다 의롭게 되었나니 네가 네 형과 아우를 의롭게 하였은즉 너는 놀라며 네 수치를 담당할지니라

54 내가 그들의 사로잡힘 곧 소돔과 그 딸들의 사로잡힘과 사마리아와 그 딸들의 사로잡힘과 그들 중에 너의 사로잡힌 자의 사로잡힘을 돌이켜서

55 너로 네 수욕을 담당하고 너의 행한 모든 일을 인하여 부끄럽게 하리니 이는 네가 그들에게 위로가 됨이라

56 네 아우 소돔과 그 딸들이 옛 지위를 회복할 것이요 사마리아와 그 딸들도 그 옛 지위를 회복할 것이며 너와 네 딸들도 너희 옛 지위를 회복할 것이니라

57 네가 교만하던 때에 네 아우 소돔을 네 입으로 말하지도 아니하였나니

58 곧 네 악이 드러나기 전에며 아람 딸들이 너를 능욕하기 전에며 너의 사방에 둘러 있는 블레셋 딸들이 너를 멸시하기 전에니라

59 네 음란과 네 가증한 일을 네가 담당하였느니라 나 여호와의 말이니라

60 나 주 여호와가 말하노라 네가 맹세를 멸시하여 언약을 배반하였은즉 내가 네 행한대로 네게 행하리라

61 그러나 내가 너의 어렸을 때에 너와 세운 언약을 기억하고 너와 영원한 언약을 세우리라

62 네가 네 형과 아우를 접대할 때에 네 행위를 기억하고 부끄러워할 것이라 내가 그들을 네게 딸로 주려니와 네 언약으로 말미암음이 아니니라

63 내가 네게 내 언약을 세워서 너로 나를 여호와인 줄 알게 하리니 [ (Ezekiel 16:64) 이는 내가 네 모든 행한 일을 용서한 후에 너로 기억하고 놀라고 부끄러워서 다시는 을 열지 못하게 하려 함이니라 나 주 여호와의 말이니라 하셨다 하라 ]

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Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

Apocalypse Explained 1029

요한 계시록 풀이 350, 880

A Brief Exposition of New Church Doctrine 100

주님에 관한 교리 64

The Inner Meaning of the Prophets and Psalms 139


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcana Coelestia 93, 213, 289, 297, 374, 622, 666, ...

요한 계시록 풀이 134, 166, 189, 209, 213, 216, 245, ...

Conjugial Love 119

주님에 관한 교리 28

삶에 관한 교리 79

천국과 지옥 180

참된 기독교 306, 314, 583, 782


References from Swedenborg's unpublished works:

Apocalypse Explained 126, 141, 195, 238, 240, 242, 272, ...

Spiritual Experiences 246, 5160

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Hop to Similar Bible Verses

창세기 24:22, 38:16

출애굽기 15:16, 24:8

레위기 26:30

민수기 35:16, 17, 18, 21, 31

신명기 1:10, 11, 22:22, 24, 29:24, 32:13, 32, 43

열왕기상 12:28, 14:23

역대기하 21:11, 28:3, 5, 18, 25, 36:17

에스더기 9:27

욥기 29:6, 34:26, 40:4

시편 45:15, 78:37, 85:3, 106:38, 41, 45, 147:14

잠언 7:19

아가 1:10, 11

이사야서 3:11, 19, 21, 10:11, 14:1, 24:5, 33:24, 43:1, 27, 44:22, 47:8, 55:3, 57:5, 9, 58:1, 61:8

예레미야서 1:16, 2:2, 10, 18, 20, 24, 3:1, 11, 20, 24, 11:10, 13:26, 27, 19:5, 23:40, 25:9, 31:32, 46:27, 52:13

예레미야애가 2:15

에스겔 5:6, 8, 12, 13, 15, 7:3, 8, 20, 9:10, 16:3, 20, 22, 27, 36, 43, 45, 57, 58, 17:19, 18:7, 20:4, 26, 28, 29, 43, 22:2, 23:1, 3, 23, 25, 36:18, 22, 25, 32, 37:26, 43:10

다니엘서 9:13, 14

호세아서 1:2, 2:5, 10, 20, 4:18, 8:9, 10, 9:1, 11:1, 14:1

미가 1:5, 5:12, 13

누가복음 1:72, 15:22, 22:20

요한복음 10:3

로마서 2:1, 3:19, 6:21, 9:4

에베소서 5:26

1 Peter 3:20

요한일서 5:6

요한계시록 17:16

Word/Phrase Explanations

여호와
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...


'Word,' as in Psalms 119:6-17, stands for doctrine in general. 'The Word,' as in Psalms 147:18, signifies divine good united with divine truth. 'Word,' as...

예루살렘
Jerusalem first comes to or attention in II Samuel, chapter 5 where King David takes it from the Jebusites and makes it his capital. In...


'Lands' of different nations are used in the Word to signify the different kinds of love prevalent in the inhabitants.

아비
Father in the Word means what is most interior, and in those things that are following the Lord's order, it means what is good. In...


'Waters' signify truths in the natural self, and in the opposite sense, falsities. 'Waters' signify particularly the spiritual parts of a person, or the intellectual...

씻어
It does not take a great leap of imagination to see that “washing” in the Bible represents purification. Washing dirt from the skin is symbolic...


When we have a desire to be good people and to do good things, the natural first questions are "What does that mean?" "What should...


Bloods signify evil, in Ezek. 16:9.

유방
The breast (Ezek. 16:7), signifies natural good.

맹세
The Lord swearing by himself signifies that divine truth testifies, for He is divine truth itself, and this testifies from itself and means itself. It...

피를
The internal meaning of “blood” is a little tricky, because Swedenborg gives two meanings that seem quite different. In most cases, Swedenborg links blood with...

기름
Oil – typically olive oil – was an extremely important product in Biblical times, for food preparation, medicinal ointment and for burning in lamps. As...


Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...


'A blast of the breath of the nostrils' signify the same thing as 'his anger and wrath.'

머리
The head is the part of us that is highest, which means in a representative sense that it is what is closest to the Lord....


'Money' relates to truth.


'Silver,' in the internal sense of the Word, signifies truth, but also falsity. 'Silver' means the truth of faith, or the truth acquired from selfhood,...

가루
Flour, or meal, signifies celestial truth, and wheat, celestial good. Flour and oil signify truth and good from a spiritual origin, and honey, good from...

이방인
'The time of the heathen,' as mentioned in Ezekiel 30:3, signifies the heathen, or wickedness.

의복
Soft raiment,' as in Matthew 11:9, represents the internal sense of the Word.

장식품
Jewels' when applied to the ears, signify good in act.


'Robes,' as in Revelation 7, signify truths of defense. Before they were washed they signified falsities. People in falsities from ignorance in the spiritual world,...

앞에
In most cases, the meaning of "before" is pretty straightforward, both as a way of assessing relative time, and in its use meaning "in someone's...

꿀을
'Honey' signifies the delight derived from good and truth or from the affection thereof, and specifically the external delight. Thus it signifies the delight of...

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Arcana Coelestia # 2177

Arcana Coelestia (Elliott translation)      

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2177. That 'meal of fine flour' means the spiritual and celestial ingredients [of the rational] which were present at that time with the Lord, and 'cakes' the same when both had been joined together, is quite clear from the sacrifices of the representative Church and from the minchah presented at the same time, which consisted of fine flour mixed with oil and made into cakes. Representative worship consisted primarily in burnt offerings and sacrifices. What these represented has been stated above where 'bread' was the subject, in 2165, namely the celestial things of the Lord's kingdom in heaven and of the Lord's kingdom on earth, which is the Church, and also the things of the Lord's kingdom or Church as it exists with every individual, and in general everything that is in essence love and charity, since these are celestial entities. In those times all the sacrifices were called 'bread'. Along with those sacrifices a minchah was included - which, as has been stated, consisted of fine flour mixed with oil to which also incense was added - and also a wine-offering.

[2] What these latter represented becomes clear too, namely things similar to those represented by sacrifices but of a lower order, thus the things which belong to the spiritual Church, and also those which belong to the external Church. It may become clear to anyone that such things would never have been prescribed unless they had represented Divine things, and also that each one represented some specific thing. For unless they had represented Divine things they would have been no different from similar things found among gentiles, among whom also there were sacrifices, minchahs, libations, and incense, as well as perpetual fires and many other things which had come down to them from the Ancient Church, especially from the Hebrew Church. But because they were separated from the internal, that is, the Divine things represented by them, those external forms of worship were nothing but idolatrous, as they also came to be among the Jews, who likewise sank into all kinds of idolatry. From this it may become clear to anyone that heavenly arcana were present within every form of ritual, especially so within the sacrifices and every detail of them.

[3] As regards the minchah, the nature of it and how it was to be made into cakes is described in a whole chapter in Moses - in Leviticus 2; also Numbers 15, and elsewhere. The law regarding the minchah is described in Leviticus in the following words,

Fire shall be kept burning unceasingly on the altar; it shall not be put out. And this is the law of the minchah: Aaron's sons shall bring it before Jehovah to the front of the altar, and he shall take up from it a fistful of fine flour of the minchah and of the oil of it and all the frankincense which is on the minchah, and he shall burn it on the altar; it is an odour of rest for a memorial to Jehovah. And the rest of it Aaron and his sons shall eat. Unleavened bread shall be eaten in a holy place. In the court of the tent of meeting shall they eat it. It shall not be cooked leavened; I have given it as their portion from My fire-offerings; it is most holy. Leviticus 6:13-17.

(Odkazy: Numbers 15:2-15)


[4] The fire which was to be kept burning unceasingly on the altar represented the Lord's love, that is, His mercy, which is constant and eternal. 'Fire' in the Word means love, see 934, and therefore 'the fire-offerings made for an odour of rest' means the good pleasure which the Lord takes in those things that belong to love and charity. That 'odour' means good pleasure, that is, that which is pleasing, see 925, 1519. Their 'taking a fistful' represented their being required to love with all their soul or strength, for 'the hand' or 'the palm' of the hand means power, as shown in 878, from which 'the fist' also means the same. 'The fine flour together with the oil and the frankincense' represented all things of charity - 'fine flour' the spiritual ingredient of it, 'oil' the celestial, and 'frankincense' that which was in this manner pleasing. That 'fine flour' represents the spiritual ingredient is evident from what has just been stated and from what is stated below. That 'oil' represents the celestial ingredient, or the good or charity, see 886, and that 'frankincense' on account of its odour represents that which is pleasing and acceptable, 925.

(Odkazy: Leviticus 2:4-16)


[5] Its being 'unleavened bread' or not fermented means that it was to be genuine, thus something offered from genuineness of heart and having no uncleanness. The eating of the rest by Aaron and his sons represented man's reciprocation and his making it his own, and thus represented conjunction by means of love and charity; and it is for this reason that they were commanded to eat it 'in a holy place'. Hence it is called something most holy. These were the things which were represented by the minchah. It was also the way in which the representatives themselves were perceived in heaven; and when the member of the Church understood them in the same way his ideas were like the perception which the angels possess, so that he was in the Lord's kingdom in heaven even though he was on earth.

[6] For more about the minchah - what it was to consist of in any particular kind of sacrifice; the way in which it was to be baked into cakes; what kind was to be offered by those who were being cleansed, and also what kinds on other occasions (all of which would take too long to introduce and explain here) - see what is said about it in Exodus 29:39-41; Leviticus 5:11-13; 6:16-17, 19-21; 10:12-13; 23:10-13, 6, 17; Numbers 5:15 and following verses; 6:15-17, 19-20; 7: in various places; 28:5, 8, 9, 12-13, 20-21, 28-29; 29:3-4, 9-10, 14-15, 18, 21, 24, 27, 30, 33, 37

(Odkazy: Leviticus 6:14-21, 6:14-23, 23:16-17; Numbers 7:1, Numbers 28:7)


[7] 'Fine flour made into cakes' had in general the same representation as bread, namely the celestial ingredient of love, while 'meals represented its spiritual ingredient, as becomes clear in the places indicated above. The loaves which were called 'the bread of the Presence' or 'the shewbread' consisted of fine flour, which was made into cakes and placed on the table to provide an unceasing representation of the Lord's love, that is, of His mercy, towards the whole human race, and man's reciprocation. These loaves are spoken of in Moses as follows,

You shall take fine pour and bake it into twelve cakes; two-tenths [of an ephah] shall there be in one cake And you shall place them in two rows, six in a row, on the clean table before Jehovah. And you shall put pure frankincense on each row, and it shall be bread serving as a memorial, a fire-offering to Jehovah. Every sabbath day [Aaron] shall set it out in order before Jehovah continually; it is from the children of Israel as an eternal covenant. And it shall be for Aaron and his sons, and they shall eat it in a holy place, for it is to him the most holy of fire-offerings to Jehovah, by an eternal statute. Leviticus 24:5-9.

Every item and smallest detail mentioned here represented the holiness of love and charity, 'fine flour' having the same representation as meal of fine flour, namely that which is celestial and that which is spiritual that goes with it, and 'cake' the two when joined together.

[8] From this it is clear what the holiness of the Word is to those who possess heavenly ideas, and indeed what holiness was present within this particular representative observance, on account of which it is called 'most holy'. It is also clear how devoid of holiness the Word is to those who imagine that it does not have anything heavenly within it and who keep solely to externals. Exemplifying the latter are those who in the present verse under consideration perceive 'the meal' to be merely meal, 'the fine flour' merely fine flour, and 'the cake' merely a cake, and who imagine that these things have been stated without each one that is mentioned embodying something of the Divine within it. Their attitude is similar to that of those who imagine that the bread and wine of the Holy Supper are no more than a certain religious observance that does not have anything holy within it. Yet in fact it possesses such holiness that the minds of men are linked by means of it to the minds of those in heaven, when from an internal affection they think that the bread and wine mean the Lord's love and man's reciprocation, and by virtue of that interior thought and affection they abide in holiness.

[9] Much the same was implied by the requirement that when the children of Israel entered the land they were to present as a heave-offering to Jehovah a cake made from the first of their dough, Numbers 15:20. The fact that such things are meant is also evident in the Prophets, from' among whom for the moment let this one place in Ezekiel be introduced here,

You were adorned with gold and silver, and your raiment was of fine linen and silk and embroidered cloth. You ate fine flour, honey, and oil. You became exceedingly beautiful, and attained to a kingdom. Ezekiel 16:13.

This refers to Jerusalem, by which is meant the Church, which Church in its earliest days bore an appearance such as this, that is to say, the Ancient Church, which is described by means of raiment and many other adornments. Its affections for truth and good are also described by 'the fine flour, honey, and oil'. It may become clear to anyone that all these details mean in the internal sense something altogether different from what they do in the sense of the letter. And the same applies to Abraham's saying to Sarah, 'Take quickly three measures of meal of fine flour, knead it, and make cakes'. That 'three' means things that are holy has been shown already in 720, 901.

(Odkazy: Genesis 18:6)

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Inbound References:

Arcana Coelestia 2180, 2183, 2187, 2228, 2342, 3104, 3168, 3316, 3332, 3464, 3544, 3579, 3580, 3734, 3813, 3863, 3880, 4211, 4334, 4581, 4677, 4745, 4844, 4876, 4958, 5078, 5365, 5405, 5673, 5701, 5959, 6106, 6135, 6377, 6409, 6791, 7356, 7850, ...

The New Jerusalem and its Heavenly Doctrine 218


References from Swedenborg's unpublished works:

Apocalypse Explained 245


Thanks to the Swedenborg Society for the permission to use this translation.


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