사무엘하 9

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1 다윗이 가로되 `사울의 집에 오히려 남은 사람이 있느냐 ? 내가 요나단을 인하여 그 사람에게 은총을 베풀리라 !' 하니라

2 사울의 종 하나가 있으니 그 이름은 시바라 저를 다윗의 앞으로 부르매 왕이 저에게 묻되 `네가 시바냐 ?' 가로되 `종이 그로소이다'

3 왕이 가로되 `사울의 집에 남은 사람이 없느냐 ? 내가 그 사람에게 하나님의 은총을 베풀고자 하노라' 시바가 왕께 고하되 `요나단의 아들 하나가 있는데 절뚝발이니이다'

4 왕이 저에게 묻되 그가 어디 있느냐 ? 시바가 왕에게 고하되 로드발 암미엘의 아들 마길의 집에 있나이다

5 다윗 왕이 사람을 보내어 로드발 암미엘의 아들 마길의 집에서 저를 데려오니

6 사울의 손자 요나단의 아들 므비보셋이 다윗에게 나아와서 엎드려 절하매 다윗이 가로되 `므비보셋이여 !' 하니 대답하되 `주의 종이 여기 있나이다'

7 다윗이 가로되 `무서워 말라 ! 내가 반드시 네 아비 요나단을 인하여 네게 은총을 베풀리라 내가 네 조부 사울의 밭을 다 네게 도로 주겠고 또 너는 항상 내 상에서 먹을지니라'

8 저가 절하여 가로되 `이 종이 무엇이관대 왕께서 죽은 개 같은 나를 돌아보시나이까 ?`

9 왕이 사울의 사환 시바를 불러서 이르되 `사울과 그 온 집에 속한 것은 내가 다 네 주인의 아들에게 주었노니

10 너와 네 아들들과 네 종들은 저를 위하여 밭을 갈고 거두어 네 주인의 아들을 공궤하라 그러나 네 주인의 아들 므비보셋은 항상 내 상에서 먹으리라' 하니라 시바는 아들이 열 다섯이요 종이 스물이라

11 시바가 왕께 고하되 `내 주 왕께서 온갖 일을 종에게 명하신 대로 종이 준행하겠나이다' 하니라 므비보셋은 왕자 중 하나처럼 왕의 상에서 먹으니라

12 므비보셋에게 젊은 아들 하나가 있으니 이름은 미가더라 무릇 시바의 집에 거하는 자들은 므비보셋의 종이 되니라

13 므비보셋이 항상 왕의 상에서 먹으므로 예루살렘에 거하니라 그는 두 발이 다 절뚝이더라

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Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 2165, 7784, 9231

요한 계시록 풀이 952

새 예루살렘 그리고 그곳의 교리 218

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사무엘상 20:15, 22:23

사무엘하 3:8, 4:4, 15:15, 16:1, 4, 17:27, 19:18, 25, 27, 29, 30, 21:7

열왕기상 2:7

역대기상 8:34

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Arcana Coelestia # 9231

Arcana Coelestia (Elliott translation)      

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9231. 'You shall throw it to the dogs' means that these things are unclean. This is clear from the meaning of 'dogs' as those who render the good of faith unclean by means of falsifications. For all beasts in the Word mean the affections and inclinations such as exist with a human being; gentle and useful beasts mean good affections and inclinations, but fierce and useless ones mean bad affections and inclinations. The reason why such things are meant by beasts is that the external or natural man is endowed with affections and inclinations similar to those that beasts possess, and also with similar appetites and similar senses. But the difference is that the human being has within himself what is called the internal man. And the internal man is so distinct and separate from the external that it can see things that arise in the external, rule them, and control them. The internal man can also be raised to heaven, even up to the Lord, and so be joined to Him in thought and affection, consequently in faith and love. Furthermore the internal man is so distinct and separate that it is parted from the external after death and lives on for evermore. These characteristics mark the human being off from beasts. But they are not seen by people who look at things on merely the natural level and the level of the senses; for their internal man is closed towards heaven. They draw no distinction therefore between the human being and a beast other than this, that the human being has the ability to speak; and even this is considered to be of little importance by those seeing things on merely the level of the senses.

[2] The reason why 'dogs' means those who render the good of faith unclean by means of falsifications is that dogs eat unclean things, and also yap and bite people. This also explains why nations outside the Church who were steeped in falsities arising from evil were called dogs by the Jews and considered to be utterly worthless. The fact that they were called 'dogs' is evident from the Lord's words addressed to the woman who was a Greek, a Syro-Phoenician, whose daughter was troubled grievously by a demon,

It is not good to take the children's bread and throw it to the dogs. But she said, To be sure, Lord, but even the dogs eat from the crumbs which fall from their masters' table. Matthew 15:26-27; Mark 7:26-28.

Here it is self-evident that those outside the Church are meant by 'the dogs', and those within the Church by 'the children'.

(Odkazy: Mark 7:27-28)

[3] Similarly in Luke,

There was a certain rich man (homo) who was clothed in purple and fine linen and indulged himself splendidly every day. But there was a poor one whose name was Lazarus, who was laid at his gate, full of sores, and desiring to be filled with the crumbs falling from the rich one's table. Furthermore the dogs came and licked his sores. Luke 16:19-21.

'The rich one clothed in purple and fine linen' means those within the Church, 'the purple and fine linen' with which he was clothed being cognitions or knowledge of goodness and truth that come from the Word. 'A poor one' means those within the Church with whom there is little good because they have no knowledge of truth, but who nevertheless have had a desire to receive instruction, 9209. He was referred to as Lazarus after the Lazarus whom the Lord raised from the dead, about whom it says that the Lord loved him, John 11:1-3, 36; that he was His friend, John 11:11; and that he sat at the table with the Lord, John 12:2. 'His wish to be filled with the crumbs falling from the rich one's table' meant his desire to learn a few truths from those within the Church possessing them in abundance. 'The dogs that licked his sores' are those outside the Church who are governed by good, though not the authentic good of faith; 'licking the sores' is curing them as best they can.

(Odkazy: John 11:5)

[4] In John,

Outside are dogs, sorcerers, and fornicators. Revelation 22:15.

'Dogs, sorcerers, and fornicators' stands for those who falsify the good and truth of faith. They are said 'to be outside' when they are outside heaven or the Church. The fact that good which has been falsified, and so made unclean, is meant by 'the dogs' is also evident in Matthew,

Do not give what is holy to the dogs; do not cast your pearls before swine. Matthew 7:6.

In Moses,

You shall not bring a harlot's reward, or the price of a dog, into Jehovah's house for any vowed offering, because both are an abomination to your God. Deuteronomy 23:18.

'A harlot's reward' stands for falsified truths of faith, 'the price of a dog' for falsified forms of the good of faith. For the meaning of 'whoredom' as falsification of the truth of faith, see 2466, 2729, 4865, 8904.

[5] In David,

Dogs have surrounded me, the assembly of the wicked has encompassed me, piercing my hands and my feet. Deliver my soul from the sword, my only one from the power 1 of the dog. Psalms 22:16, 20.

'Dogs' here stands for those who destroy forms of the good of faith, who are therefore called 'the assembly of the wicked'. 'Delivering one's soul from the sword' means rescuing it from falsity that lays waste the truth of faith, 'the sword' being the falsity that lays waste the truth of faith, see 2799, 4499, 6353, 7102, 8294, and 'soul' the life of faith, 9050. From this it is also evident that 'delivering my only soul from the power of the dog' means rescuing it from falsity that lays waste the good of faith. When it was said that people were to be dragged and eaten by dogs, 1 Kings 14:11; 16:4; 21:23-24; 2 Kings 9:10, 36; Jeremiah 15:3, the meaning was that they would be destroyed by unclean things. When people compared themselves to dead dogs, 1 Samuel 24:14; 2 Samuel 3:8; 9:8; 16:9, the meaning was that they would be considered utterly worthless ones who were to be cast out. What more is meant by 'dogs', see 7784.


1. literally, hand


(Odkazy: Exodus 22:31)

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Odkazy z vydaných prací:

The Last Judgement 39

The New Jerusalem and its Heavenly Doctrine 35

Odkazy z nepublikovaných prací E. Swedenborga:

Apocalypse Explained 946

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Thanks to the Swedenborg Society for the permission to use this translation.