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Ezekiel 23

Italian: Giovanni Diodati Bible (1649)         

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1 LA parola del Signore mi fu ancora indirizzata, dicendo:

2 Figliuol d’uomo, vi erano due donne, figliuole d’una medesima madre,

3 le quali fornicarono in Egitto nella lor giovanezza; quivi furono premute le lor mammelle, e quivi fu compresso il seno della lor verginità.

4 Or i nomi loro sono: Ohola, la maggiore; ed Oholiba, sua sorella; ma esse divennero mie, e mi partorirono figliuoli, e figliuole; ed i lor nomi sono: d’Ohola, Samaria; e d’Oholiba, Gerusalemme.

5 Ed Ohola ha fornicato, ricevendo altri in luogo mio, e si è innamorata de’ suoi amanti, degli Assiri, suoi vicini;

6 vestiti di giacinto, principi, e satrapi, giovani vaghi tutti quanti, cavalieri montati sopra cavalli.

7 E si è abbondonata a fornicar con loro, che erano tutti la scelta de’ figliuoli di Assur; e si è contaminata con tutti gl’idoli di coloro, de’ quali ella si era innamorata.

8 E con tutto ciò, ella non ha lasciate le sue fornicazioni di Egitto; perciocchè gli Egizi erano giaciuti con lei nella sua giovanezza, ed aveano compresso il seno della sua verginità, ed aveano sparse le lor fornicazioni sopra lei.

9 Perciò, io l’ho data in man de’ suoi amanti, in man de’ figliuoli di Assur, de’ quali ella si era innamorata.

10 Essi hanno scoperte le sue vergogne, hanno presi i suoi figliuoli, e le sue figliuole, ed hanno uccisa lei con la spada; ed ella è stata famosa fra le donne, ed essi hanno eseguiti giudicii sopra lei.

11 E la sua sorella Oholiba ha veduto ciò, e si è corrotta ne’ suoi innamoramenti più di lei; e nelle sue fornicazioni, più che la sua sorella nelle sue.

12 Ella si è innamorata de’ figliuoli di Assur, suoi vicini, principi, e satrapi, vestiti perfettamente, cavalieri montati sopra cavalli, giovani vaghi tutti quanti.

13 Ed io ho veduto ch’ella si era contaminata, che amendue seguivano un medesimo procedere.

14 Anzi, che questa ha sopraggiunto alle fornicazioni dell’altra; perciocchè avendo veduti degli uomini ritratti in su la parete, delle immagini di Caldei, dipinte di minio,

15 cinte di cinture sopra i lor lombi, con delle tiare tinte in sul capo, d’aspetto di capitani tutte quante, di’ sembianza di figliuoli di Babilonia, del paese de’ Caldei, lor terra natia,

16 ella se n’è innamorata, per lo sguardo degli occhi suoi, ed ha lor mandati ambasciatori nel paese dei Caldei.

17 Ed i figliuoli di Babilonia son venuti con lei a giacitura amorosa, e l’hanno contaminata con la lor fornicazione, ed ella si è contaminata con loro; e poi l’animo suo si è stolto da loro.

18 Ella adunque ha pubblicate le sue fornicazioni, ed ha scoperte le sue vergogne; laonde l’animo mio si è stolto da lei, siccome si era stolto dalla sua sorella.

19 E pure anch’ella ha accresciute le sue fornificazioni, ricordandosi dei giorni della sua giovanezza, quando fornicava nel paese di Egitto;

20 e si è innamorata degli Egizi, più che le lor concubine stesse; perciocchè la lor carne è carne d’asini, e il lor flusso è flusso di cavalli.

21 Così tu sei tornata alla scelleratezza della tua fanciullezza, quando le tue mammelle furon compresse dagli Egizi, a cagione de’ tuoi seni di fanciulla.

22 Perciò, Oholiba, così ha detto il Signore Iddio: Ecco, io eccito contro a te i tuoi amanti, da’ quali l’animo tuo si è stolto; e li farò venire sopra te d’ogni intorno.

23 Cioè: i figliuoli di Babilonia, e tutti i Caldei; que’ di Pecod, di Soa, di Coa, e tutti i figliuoli di Assur con loro, giovani vaghi, principi, e satrapi, tutti quanti; capitani, ed uomini famosi, montati sopra cavalli tutti quanti.

24 E verranno contro a te con carri, con carrette, e con ruote, e con gran raunata di genti; porranno contro a te d’ogn’intorno scudi, e targhe, ed elmi; ed io metterò in lor potere il far giudicio, ed essi ti giudicheranno de’ lor giudicii.

25 Ed io eseguirò la mia gelosia contro a te, ed essi opereranno inverso te con ira; ti taglieranno il naso, e gli orecchi, e ciò che di te sarà rimasto caderà per la spada; prenderanno i tuoi figliuoli, e le tue figliuole; e il tuo rimanente sarà consumato per lo fuoco.

26 E ti spoglieranno dei tuoi vestimenti, e rapiranno gli ornamenti della tua magnificenza.

27 Ed io farò venir meno in te la tua scelleratezza, e la tua fornicazione, nel paese di Egitto; e tu non leverai più gli occhi a loro, e non ricorderai più l’Egitto.

28 Perciocchè, così ha detto il Signore Iddio: Ecco, io ti do in man di coloro che tu odii: in man di coloro da’ quali l’animo tuo si è stolto.

29 Ed essi procederanno teco con odio, e rapiranno tutti i tuoi beni, e ti lasceranno ignuda, e scoperta; e sarà palesata la turpitudine delle tue fornicazioni, e la tua scelleratezza, e le tue prostituzioni.

30 Io ti farò queste cose, perciocchè tu hai fornicato dietro alle genti; perciocchè tu ti sei contaminata co’ loro idoli.

31 Tu sei camminata nella via della tua sorella; io altresì ti darò in mano la sua coppa.

32 Così ha detto il Signore Iddio: Tu berrai la coppa profonda, e larga, della tua sorella; tu sarai in derisione, ed in ischerno; quella coppa sarà di gran capacità.

33 Tu sarai ripiena di ebbrezza, e di affanno, per la coppa della desolazione, e del disertamento, per la coppa di Samaria, tua sorella.

34 E tu la berrai, e la succerai, e ne spezzerai i testi, e ti strapperai le mammelle; perciocchè io ho parlato, dice il Signore Iddio.

35 Perciò così ha detto il Signore Iddio: Perciocchè tu mi hai dimenticato, e mi hai gettato dietro alle spalle, tu altresì porta la tua scelleratezza, e le tue fornicazioni.

36 Poi il Signore mi disse: Figliuol d’uomo, non giudicherai tu Ohola, ed Oholiba? or dichiara loro le loro abbominazioni.

37 Perciocchè han commesso adulterio, e vi è del sangue nelle lor mani, ed han commesso adulterio co’ loro idoli; ed anche han fatti passar per lo fuoco i lor figliuoli, i quali mi aveano partoriti, per consumarli.

38 Ancor questo mi han fatto: in quel medesimo giorno hanno contaminato il mio santuario, ed han profanati i miei sabati.

39 E dopo avere scannati i lor figliuoli a’ loro idoli, son venute in quel medesimo giorno nel mio santuario, per profanarlo; ed ecco, così han fatto dentro della mia Casa.

40 Ed oltre a ciò, han mandato ad uomini, vegnenti di lontano, i quali, tosto che il messo è stato loro mandato, son venuti; ed alla giunta loro, tu ti sei lavata, tu ti sei lisciato il viso, e ti sei adorna di ornamenti.

41 E ti sei posta a sedere sopra un letto magnifico, davanti al quale era una tavola apparecchiata; e sopra quella tu hai posti i miei profumi, ed i miei olii odoriferi.

42 Quivi è stato uno strepito di moltitudine sollazzante; ed oltre agli uomini della turba del popolazzo, sono stati introdotti degli ubriachi del deserto; i quali han poste delle maniglie in su le mani di quelle due donne, ed una corona di gloria sopra le lor teste.

43 Ed io ho detto di quella, invecchiata in adulterii: Ora fornicheranno essi con lei a suo modo.

44 Altri dunque è venuto a lei, come si viene ad una meretrice; così son venuti coloro ad Ohola, e ad Oholiba, donne scellerate.

45 Perciò, gli uomini giusti le giudicheranno, come si giudicano le adultere, e quelle che spandono il sangue; conciossiachè esse sieno adultere, ed abbiano del sangue nelle lor mani.

46 Perciocchè, così ha detto il Signore Iddio: Io fo venir contro a loro una gran raunata di genti, e le metterò in turbamento ed in preda.

47 E quella raunata le lapiderà con pietre, e le taglierà a pezzi con le sue spade; ucciderà i lor figliuoli, e le lor figliuole, e brucerà le lor case col fuoco.

48 Ed io farò cessar la scelleratezza nel paese; e tutte le donne saranno ammaestrate a non fare secondo le vostre scelleratezze.

49 E coloro vi metteranno la vostra scelleratezza addosso; e voi porterete i peccati de’ vostri idoli, e conoscerete che io sono il Signore Iddio.

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Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 8904

Apocalypse Explained 433, 1029

Apocalypse Revealed 350, 880

A Brief Exposition of New Church Doctrine 100

The Lord 64

The Inner Meaning of the Prophets and Psalms 146


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcana Coelestia 213, 1165, 1186, 1368, 2466, 2588, 3105, ...

Apocalypse Revealed 134, 137, 166, 216, 298, 434, 436, ...

The Lord 28

Vita 79

True Christian Religion 314, 782


References from Swedenborg's unpublished works:

Apocalypse Explained 126, 141, 195, 240, 315, 355, 555, ...

Coronis (An Appendix to True Christian Religion) 56

The White Horse - Appendix 1

Hop to Similar Bible Verses

Leviticus 20:2

Numbers 14:33, 34

Deuteronomy 13:12

2 Kings 9:30, 15:29, 17:19, 21:4, 6, 13, 16, 23:10, 24:13

2 Chronicles 21:11

Psalms 75:9

Proverbs 30:9

Isaiah 39:6, 57:7, 9

Jeremiah 2:7, 18, 19, 34, 3:6, 7, 8, 11, 6:8, 22, 23, 13:25, 17:3, 22:14, 32:29, 52:9, 11

Lamentations 1:8, 2:15, 16, 4:14

Ezekiel 5:11, 13, 6:13, 16:1, 15, 16, 40, 20:4, 7, 8, 26, 31, 21:24, 22:4, 8, 12, 14, 15, 26, 23:3, 8, 19, 24:7, 21, 27:22

Hosea 2:7, 5:13, 13:6

Micah 3:8

Word/Phrase Explanations

parola
'Word,' as in Psalms 119:6-17, stands for doctrine in general. 'The Word,' as in Psalms 147:18, signifies divine good united with divine truth. 'Word,' as...

signore
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

due
The number "two" has two different meanings in the Bible. In most cases "two" indicates a joining together or unification. This is easy to see...

donne
'Women,' as in Genesis 45:19, signify the affections of truth. But in Genesis 31:50, 'women' signify affections of not genuine truth, so not of the...

figliuole
"Behold I have two daughters,” etc. (Gen. 19:8), signifies the affections of good and truth, and the blessedness perceivable from the enjoyment thereof, by those...

madre
In general, mothers in the Bible represent the Lord's church on earth, or the church among those who know and follow the Lord. In some...

Egitto
'Mizraim' signifies the same thing as Egypt.

Seno
The breast (Ezek. 16:7), signifies natural good.

nomi
It's easy to see that names are important in the Bible. Jehovah changed Abram and Sarai to Abraham and Sarah, changed Jacob to Israel and...

Ohola
'Ohola' signifies falsified truths.

maggiore
The word "great" is used in the Bible to represent a state with a strong degree of love and affection, of the desire for good;...

sorella
The Lord calls people who are in truth from the good of charity from Him 'sisters,' as in Matthew 12:50. 'Sister' denotes intellectual truth, when...

figliuoli
'A son,' as in Genesis 5:28, signifies the rise of a new church. 'Son,' as in Genesis 24:3, signifies the Lord’s rationality regarding good. 'A...

Samaria
'Samaria,' as in Amos 4:1. 6:1, signifies the spiritual church perverted.

Gerusalemme
Jerusalem first comes to or attention in II Samuel, chapter 5 where King David takes it from the Jebusites and makes it his capital. In...

giacinto
Blue and purple signify celestial goods and truths, and scarlet double-dyed and fine-twined linen, spiritual goods and truths. (Exod. 28:33.) Blue and purple from the...

cavalieri
'A horseman' signifies intelligence, or one who is intelligent. 'A horseman,' as mentioned in Revelation 9:16, signifies reasonings concerning faith alone. 'A horseman' can also...

cavalli
'A horse' signifies knowledges or understanding of the Word. In an opposite sense it signifies the understanding of the Word falsified by reasonings, and likewise...

idoli
Idols of stone signify worship from falsities of doctrine. Idols of wood signify worship from evils of doctrine. Idols of silver signify worship from what...

vergogne
'Unclothed' signifies being deprived of the truths of faith.

parete
'A wall' signifies truth in outer extremes. 'A wall,' as in Revelation 21, signifies the divine truth proceeding from the Lord, and so, the truth...

immagini
'Images' denote things fashioned from man’s own intelligence.

Caldei
Chaldea was a land lying along the Euphrates river near its mouth, south of Babylon, part of what is now southern Iraq. It was a...

cinture
In a sense, the whole point of trying to accept the Lord and align ourselves with His love and His leading is so that we...

lombi
'Loins' in general, signify love, and when referring to the Lord, divine love. 'Loins' signify the interiors of conjugial love. Loins,' as in Isaiah 11:5,...

Babilonia
Babylon was an ancient city built on the Euphrates river in what is now southern Iraq. It once was the capital of a great empire...

terra
'Lands' of different nations are used in the Word to signify the different kinds of love prevalent in the inhabitants.

occhi
It’s common to say “I see” when we understand something. And indeed, “seeing” in the Bible represents grasping and understanding spiritual things. So it makes...

giorni
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

carne
Flesh has several meanings just in its most obvious form. It can mean all living creatures as when the Lord talks about the flood "destroying...

asini
Donkeys signify the things relating to the self-intelligence of the sensual man; and camels, the things of self-intelligence in the natural man (Isa 30:6, 7.)

venire
Coming (Gen. 41:14) denotes communication by influx.

scudi
'A shield' signifies defense which is trusted against evils and falsities. In respect to the Lord, it signifies defense, and in respect to people, confidence...

ira
'Wrath,' as in Genesis 49:7, signifies aversion from truth. 'Great wrath,' as in Revelation 12:12, signifies hatred against the new church.

naso
'A blast of the breath of the nostrils' signify the same thing as 'his anger and wrath.'

consumato
When we eat, our bodies break down the food and get from it both energy and materials for building and repairing the body. The process...

fuoco
Just as natural fire can be both comforting in keeping you warm or scary in burning down your house, so fire in the spiritual sense...

ornamenti
Jewels' when applied to the ears, signify good in act.

parlato
Like "say," the word "speak" refers to thoughts and feelings moving from our more internal spiritual levels to our more external ones – and ultimately...

dimenticato
To forget, in the internal sense, signifies nothing else but removal and apparent privation.

disse
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

dichiara
To "declare" something means to say it formally, publicly and with emphasis; you might say what you think, but you only declare things you're sure...

sangue
Bloods signify evil, in Ezek. 16:9.

mani
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

sabati
In Exodus 31:13, 'verily my Sabbaths ye shall keep,' signifies continuous holy thought about the union of the Lord’s divine with His human.

Casa
A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

tavola
Food and drink in the Bible represent the desire to be loving and the understanding of how to be loving, gifts that flow from the...

deserto
'Wilderness' signifies something with little life in it, as described in the internal sense in Luke 1:80 'Wilderness' signifies somewhere there is no good because...

maniglie
'A scarf,' as in Genesis 38:18, denotes truth, because it is one of the items associated with 'garments', and 'garments' in general mean truths. As...

teste
The head is the part of us that is highest, which means in a representative sense that it is what is closest to the Lord....

viene
As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “come” in the Bible is highly dependent on context – its meaning is determined largely by...

giusti
He is said to be 'just' in a spiritual sense, who lives according to divine laws. They on the right hand being called 'just,' as...

pietre
Stones in the Bible in general represent truths, or things we know concerning the Lord and what He wants from us and for us in...

spade
A 'sword,' in the Word, signifies the truth of faith combating and the vastation of truth. In an opposite sense, it signifies falsity combating and...

ucciderà
'To slay a man to his wounding,' means extinguishing faith, and 'to slay a young man to his hurt,' signifies extinguishing charity, as in Genesis...

Bible

 

Ezekiel 5:13

Italian: Giovanni Diodati Bible (1649)         

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13 E il mio cruccio si adempierà, ed io acqueterò l’ira mia sopra loro, e mi appagherò; ed essi conosceranno che io, il Signore, ho parlato nella mia gelosia, quando avrò adempiuta l’ira mia sopra loro.

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Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

The Inner Meaning of the Prophets and Psalms 128


Další odkazy Swedenborga k tomuto verši:

Arcana Coelestia 588, 3614, 5798, 8875, 10441

Apocalypse Revealed 350, 635, 880

A Brief Exposition of New Church Doctrine 100

The Lord 64

True Christian Religion 782

Hop to Similar Bible Verses

Deuteronomy 28:63

Isaiah 1:24

Jeremiah 14:12, 15:9

Ezekiel 6:10, 12, 7:3, 14:21, 16:42, 17:21, 21:22, 23:25, 24:13, 43:8

Revelation 6:8

Word/Phrase Explanations

ira
'Wrath,' as in Genesis 49:7, signifies aversion from truth. 'Great wrath,' as in Revelation 12:12, signifies hatred against the new church.

signore
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

parlato
Like "say," the word "speak" refers to thoughts and feelings moving from our more internal spiritual levels to our more external ones – and ultimately...

Ze Swedenborgových děl

 

Apocalypse Explained # 863

Apocalypse Explained (Whitehead translation)      

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863. For they are virgins, signifies for the reason that they are in the affection of truth for the sake of truth. This is evident from the signification of "virgins," as being affections of truth, which are called spiritual affections of truth. For there are natural affections of truth which exist in almost everyone, especially during childhood and youth. But natural affections of truth have reward as an end, at first reputation, and afterwards honor and gain. These are not the affections here meant by "virgins," but spiritual affections of truth are meant, which are such as have for their end eternal life and the uses of that life. Those who are in such affections love truths because they are truths, thus apart from the world's glory, honors, and gains; and those who love truths apart from such considerations love the Lord; for the Lord is with man in the truths that are from good. For that which proceeds from the Lord as a Sun is the Divine truth, and that which proceeds from the Lord is the Lord; consequently he that receives truth from spiritual love because it is truth receives the Lord. Therefore of such it is said "these are they that follow the Lamb whithersoever He goeth." Moreover, such are meant by the Lord in these words in Matthew:

The kingdom of the heavens is like unto a treasure hidden in a field, which a man having found hideth, and in his joy goeth and selleth all things whatsoever he hath, and buyeth the field. Again, the kingdom of the heavens is like unto a man, a merchant, seeking beautiful pearls, who, when he had found one precious pearl, went and sold all that he had, and bought it (Matthew 13:44-46).

"The treasure hidden in a field" and "the pearls" signify the truths of heaven and the church; and the "one precious pearl" signifies the acknowledgment of the Lord. The affection of truths because they are truths is meant by "the man went in his joy and sold all that he had, and bought the field" in which the treasure was hidden, also by "the merchant's going and selling all that he had, and buying the precious pearl."

(Odkazy: Revelation 14:4)


[2] Those who are in the spiritual affection of truth are called "virgins" from the marriage of good and truth from which is conjugial love; for a "wife" is the affection of good, and a "husband" the understanding of truth; moreover, females and males are born such. Now because virgins love to be conjoined to men with whom is the understanding of truth, therefore they signify the affections of truth. (But on this see more fully in the work on Heaven and Hell 366-386, where "Marriages in the Spiritual World" are treated of.) This makes clear what "virgins" signify in the following passages in the Word.

In Lamentations:

The ways of Zion do mourn because they come not to the feast; all her gates are devastated, her priests moan, her virgins are sad, and she herself is in bitterness. The Lord hath cast down all my mighty in the midst of me; He hath proclaimed against me an appointed time for breaking my youths. The Lord hath trodden the wine-press for the virgin daughter of Zion. 1 Hear, I pray, all ye people, and behold my grief; my virgins and my youths have gone into captivity (Lamentations 1:4, 15, 18).

This describes the devastation of Divine truth in the church, "Zion" of which this is said signifying the church, where the Lord reigns by the Divine truth. "The ways of Zion do mourn" signifies that Divine truths are no longer sought; "no one comes to the feast" signifies that there is at that time no worship; "all her gates are desolated" signifies that there is no approach to truths; "her priests moan, her virgins are sad," signifies that affections of good and affections of truth are destroyed; "He hath cast down all my mighty in the midst of me" signifies that all power of truth against falsities has perished; "He hath proclaimed against me an appointed time" signifies its last state, when the Lord is about to come; "for breaking my youths" signifies when there is no longer any understanding of truth; "the Lord hath trodden the wine-press for the virgin daughter of Zion" 1 signifies when all the truths of the Word are falsified; "my virgins and my youths have gone into captivity" signifies when all the affection of truth and the understanding of truth have perished by falsities.

[3] In the same:

The elders of the daughter of Zion sit on the earth; they keep silence; they have cast up dust upon their head; they have girded themselves with sackcloth; the virgins of Jerusalem have made their head to go down to the earth. What shall I testify unto thee, to what shall I liken thee, O virgin daughter of Zion? They have lain in the streets, the boy and the old man; my virgins and my youths have fallen by the sword (Lamentations 2:10, 13, 21).

These words, too, describe the devastation of Divine truth in the church, "the daughter of Zion" being the church in which the Lord reigns by Divine truth; grief on account of its devastation is described by "sitting on the earth," "the elders being silent," "casting up dust upon the head," "girding themselves with sackcloth," and "making the head to go down to the earth." "The elders of the daughter of Zion" signify those who have been in Divine truths; "the virgins of Jerusalem" signify those who have taught truths from the affection of truth; "they have lain in the streets, the boy and the old man," signifies that innocence and wisdom have been destroyed, together with Divine truths; "my virgins and my youths have fallen by the sword" signifies that all the affection of truth and all the understanding of truth have perished by falsities, "virgin" being the affection of truth, "youth" the understanding of truth, and "to fall by the sword" is to perish through falsities.

[4] In the same:

Our skins are become black like an oven because of the tempests of famine; the women in Zion have been ravished, the virgins in the cities of Judah; the princes have been hanged up by their hand; the faces of the elders have not been honored (Lamentations 5:10-12).

In this like things are involved. What is signified by "the women in Zion," "the virgins in the cities of Judah," and "the princes and old men," has been explained above (n. 540, 555, 655).

In Amos:

Behold the days shall come in which I will send a famine in the land, not a famine for bread nor a thirst for waters, but for hearing the words of Jehovah. In that day shall the beautiful virgins and the youths faint for thirst (Amos 8:11, 13).

This describes the lack of Divine truth. That lack is meant by "famine" and by "thirst;" therefore it is said, "not a famine for bread nor a thirst for waters, but for hearing the words of Jehovah." That the affection of truth and the understanding of truth will cease because of this lack is signified by "in that day shall the beautiful virgins and the youths faint for thirst."

(Odkazy: The Apocalypse Explained 540, 555, 655)


[5] In Isaiah:

Blush, O Zidon, the sea hath said, the stronghold of the sea, saying, I have not travailed, neither brought forth; I have not trained up youths, I have not brought up virgins (Isaiah 23:4).

"Zidon and Tyre" mean the church as to the knowledges of good and truth; and the "sea" and "the stronghold of the sea" mean the natural where such knowledges are. That none are reformed by those knowledges is signified by "I have not travailed, neither brought forth;" and that consequently there is no understanding of truth and no affection of truth is signified by "I have not trained up youths, I have not brought up virgins."

[6] In David:

God shut up His people to the sword, and was wroth with His inheritance. The fire hath devoured her youths, and her virgins are not wedded. Her priests have fallen by the sword (Psalms 78:62-64).

This, too, treats of the devastation of the church by falsities and evils. "God shut up His people to the sword, and was wroth with His inheritance," signifies that the church perished through falsities and evils, the "sword" signifies the destruction of truth by falsities, "to be wroth" destruction by evils, the "people" those of the church who are in truths, and "inheritance" those who are in goods, but here those who are in falsities and evils. "The fire hath devoured her youths" signifies that the love of self and thence the pride of self-intelligence have destroyed the understanding of truth; "her virgins are not wedded" signifies that the affections of truth have perished through non-understanding of truth; "her priests have fallen by the sword" signifies that the goods of the church, which are the goods of works, of charity, and of life, have been destroyed by falsities.

[7] In Moses:

Without shall the sword bereave, and from the chambers terror, both the youth and the virgin, the suckling with the old man (Deuteronomy 32:25).

"Without shall the sword bereave, and from the chambers terror," signifies that falsity and evil, which are from within, shall devastate both the natural and the rational man; "the youth and the virgin" signify the understanding of truth and the affection of it; "the suckling with the old man" signifies innocence and wisdom.

[8] In Jeremiah:

By thee I will scatter nations, and by thee I will destroy kingdoms; by thee I will scatter the horse and his rider; by thee I will scatter the chariot and him that is carried therein; by thee I will scatter the old man and the boy; by thee I will scatter the youth and the virgin; by thee I will scatter the shepherd and his flock; by thee I will scatter the husbandman and his team; by thee I will scatter the governors and the leaders (Jeremiah 51:20-23).

This is said of Jacob and Israel, by whom is meant in the highest sense the Lord, who was to destroy the evils and falsities that bore rule in the church about the time of His coming; the "nations" and "kingdoms" that He will scatter signify evils and falsities in general; "the horse and his rider" signify reasonings from falsities against truths; "the chariot and him who is carried therein" signify falsities of doctrine; "the old man and the boy" signify falsities confirmed and not confirmed; "the youth and the virgin" signify the understanding of falsity and the affection of it; "the shepherd and his flock" signify those who teach and those who learn; "the husbandman and his team" have a like signification; "governors and leaders" signify the principles of falsity and evil.

[9] In Ezekiel:

Jehovah said, Go through the midst of the city, and through the midst of Jerusalem. Slay to destruction the old man, the youth and the virgin, and the infant and the women; but come not against any man upon whom is the sign (Ezekiel 9:4, 6).

This describes the devastation of all things pertaining to the church; "Jerusalem" signifies the church; "the old man, youth, virgin, infant, and women," signify all things of the church, the "old man" wisdom, the "youth" intelligence, the "virgin" the affection of truth, the "infant" innocence, "women" good conjoined to truths; "to slay to destruction" signifies to destroy utterly. That these things did not happen, but were merely seen by the prophet when he was in the spirit, is evident from the preceding verses, in which the abominations of the house of Israel and Judah are set forth under various forms and objects; and as these things did not happen, but were merely seen, it is clearly evident that "old man, youth, virgin, infant, and women," have this signification. What is signified by "come not against any man upon whom is the sign" may be seen above n. 427.

(Odkazy: The Apocalypse Explained 427)


[10] In Joel:

They have cast lots upon my people, and they have given a boy for a harlot, and have sold a girl for wine which they drank (Joel 3:3).

"To cast lots upon the people" signifies to disperse the truths of the church by falsities; "to give a boy for a harlot" signifies to falsify the truths of the Word; "to sell a girl for wine" signifies to falsify the goods of the Word; "which they drank" signifies becoming imbued with falsity.

[11] In Zechariah:

The streets of the city were filled with boys and girls playing in its 2 streets (Zechariah 8:5).

"Boys and girls" signify the truths and goods of innocence, such as are the truths and goods of the Word, which essentially constitute the church; "streets of the city" signify doctrinals, for which reason the ancients taught in the streets; and "to play in the streets" signifies to be glad and rejoice from doctrinals.

[12] In Jeremiah:

Again will I build thee, O virgin Israel; then shall the virgin be glad in her dance, and the young men and old men together (Jeremiah 31:4, 13).

"The virgin Israel" signifies the church from the affection of truth; "then shall the virgin be glad in the dance" signifies the gladness of heart of those who are in the spiritual affection of truth, since all spiritual gladness is from the affection of truth; and this is why the expressions "to play," "to dance," "to sing," and the like, are used in the Word in reference to virgins and girls.

[13] Because the church is a church from the spiritual affection of truth, which is the love of truth for the sake of truth, the following expressions are frequently used in the Word:

The virgin of Israel (Jeremiah 18:13; 31:4, 21; Amos 5:2);

The virgin daughter of Zion (2 Kings 19:21; Isaiah 37:22; Lamentations 1:4; 2:13);

The virgin daughter of my people (Jeremiah 14:17);

The virgin daughter of Zidon (Isaiah 23:12);

The virgin daughter of Egypt (Jeremiah 46:11);

Also the virgin daughter of Babylon (Isaiah 47:1).

In David:

They have seen thy goings, O God, the goings of my God, my King, in the sanctuary. The singers went before, the minstrels after, in the midst of virgins playing on timbrels (Psalms 68:24, 25).

This is said of the Lord, who is here meant by "my God" and "my King," and His coming is meant by "His goings in the sanctuary," "the singers, minstrels, and players on timbrels," signify all who are of the Lord's spiritual and celestial kingdom, "the virgins singing," those who are of His spiritual kingdom, and "the minstrels and players on timbrels" those who are of His celestial kingdom; they are called "virgins" from the affection of truth and good; and "to sing, to play on instruments and on timbrels" describes the gladness and joy of their heart, for instruments played by beating and by blowing depict the joy of those who are of the celestial kingdom; while stringed instruments and singing depict the gladness of those who are of the spiritual kingdom.

(Odkazy: Psalms 68:24-25)


[14] In the same:

King's daughters are among thy precious ones; on thy right hand standeth the queen in the best gold of Ophir. Hear, O daughter and see, incline thine ear. Then shall the king delight in thy beauty; for he is thy lord, therefore bow thyself down to him. The daughter of Tyre also with an offering, the rich of the people shall entreat thy faces. The king's daughter is all precious within, her clothing is inwrought with gold; she shall be brought unto the king in broidered work; the virgins that follow her, her companions, shall be brought unto him; with joy and exultation they shall be brought, they shall come into the king's palace (Psalms 45:9-15).

It is evident from the verses that precede (2-8), and from those that follow (16, 17), that this is said of the Lord. "King's daughters" signify the affections of Divine truth; "the queen that was at his right hand in the best gold of Ophir" signifies heaven and the church, which are in Divine truths from Divine good; "to hear, to see, and to incline the ear," which is said of the king's daughter, signifies to hearken, to perceive, and to obey, thus to understand, to do, and to be wise, from the Lord. That she will then be acceptable to the Lord is signified by "then shall the king delight in thy beauty," "beauty" is predicated of the affection of truth, for this is what constitutes the beauty of angels; "therefore bow thyself down to him" signifies worship from a humble heart. "And the daughter of Tyre shall send an offering" signifies worship by those who are in the knowledges of truth; "the rich of the people shall entreat thy faces" signifies adoration by those who are in intelligence from these knowledges; "the king's daughter is all glorious within" signifies the spiritual affection of truth, which is called "glorious" from abundance of truth, while "within" signifies what is spiritual; "her clothing is inwrought with gold" signifies investing truths formed from the good of love; "she shall be brought unto the king in broidered work" signifies the appearances of truth, such as are in the sense of the letter of the Word; "the virgins that follow her, her companions," signify the spiritual-natural affections of truth which serve; "with joy and exultation they shall be brought, they shall come into the king's palace," signifies with heavenly joy into heaven, where the Lord is.

(Odkazy: Psalms 45:2-8, 45:16-17)


[15] Because "king's daughters" signified the spiritual affections of truth, and their "garments" signified truths in the ultimate of order, such as the truths of the Word are in the sense of its letter, therefore:

The king's daughters that were virgins were formerly clothed in robes of diverse colors, as is said of Tamar the daughter of David (2 Samuel 13:18).

In Zechariah:

How great is His goodness, and how great is His beauty! Corn maketh the young men to grow, and new wine the virgins (Zechariah 9:17).

This, too, is said of the Lord; and "His goodness and beauty" mean the Divine good and the Divine truth. "Corn maketh the young men to grow, and new wine the virgins," signifies that the understanding of truth and the affection of truth are formed by good and truth from Him. It is evident from these passages that "virgins" signify in the Word the affections of truth, likewise from other passages (as Isaiah 62:5; Jeremiah 2:32; Joel 1:7, 8; Psalms 148:12; Judges 5:30).

(Odkazy: Joel 1:7-8)


[16] Because a "virgin" signified the affection of the genuine truth of the church, which is wholly in accord with the good of love, it was commanded:

That the high priest should not take to wife a widow, or one divorced, or one polluted, a harlot, but a virgin of his own people, lest he profane his seed (Leviticus 21:13-15; also Ezekiel 44:22).

The particulars of this may be seen explained above n. 768. It was because "virgin" signifies the affection of genuine truth, and her defilement signifies falsification of Divine truth, that to commit whoredom was so severely forbidden, that:

If anyone should entice a virgin and lie with her he should pay her a dowry to be a wife for himself; but if her father should refuse to give her he should weigh him silver according to the dowry of virgins (Exodus 22:16, 17; Deuteronomy 22:28, 29).

This may be seen explained in the Arcana Coelestia 9181-9186.

(Odkazy: Arcana Coelestia 9181; Deuteronomy 22:28-29; Exodus 22:16-17; Joel 1:7-8; The Apocalypse Explained 768)


[17] Because the affection of truth and the understanding of truth constitute a marriage, like that of a virgin espoused and married to a man, and these afterwards make one, like will and understanding, or affection and thought, or good and truth, in every man, and because diverse affections cannot be conjoined to one and the same thought, or diverse wills to one and the same understanding, or diverse truths of the church to one and the same good of love, without causing falsifications and dispersions of truth, so lying with a virgin who was betrothed was made a crime punishable with death, according to this command in Moses:

If a man lie in a city with a damsel that is a virgin betrothed to a man, both shall be stoned; but if in the field the man alone shall die, to the damsel there is no crime of death (Deuteronomy 22:23-27).

"Lying together in the city" signifies the adulteration of the good and truth of doctrine from the Word, for a "city" means doctrine, and "stoning" was a punishment for harm done to the truth of doctrine. But "lying together in the field" signifies the falsification of the truth of the church before it has been accepted as a doctrinal; and this is not the adulteration of its good, since a "field" means the church, in which truth at first is implanted and afterwards grows and at length becomes a matter of doctrine; and for this reason the man only should die. From this it can also be seen that "virginity" signifies the undefiled affection of truth (as in Leviticus 21:13; Deuteronomy 22:13-21; Ezekiel 23: (Ezekiel 23:3) 3, 8).

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Footnotes:

1.  The Hebrew has "Judah," which is also found in n. 922.

2.  The Hebrew has "its," see above, n. 652.

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(Odkazy: Ezekiel 23:8; Revelation 14:4)

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