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Ezekiel 17

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1 Και εγεινε λογος Κυριου προς εμε, λεγων,

2 Υιε ανθρωπου, προβαλε αινιγμα και παροιμιασθητι παροιμιαν προς τον οικον Ισραηλ·

3 και ειπε, Ουτω λεγει Κυριος ο Θεος· Ο αετος ο μεγας ο μεγαλοπτερυγος, ο μακρος εις την εκτασιν, ο πληρης πτερων ποικιλοχροων, ηλθεν εις τον Λιβανον και ελαβε τον υψηλοτερον κλαδον της κεδρου·

4 απεκοψε τα ακρα των τρυφερων αυτου κλαδων και εφερεν αυτα εις γην εμπορικην· εθεσεν αυτα εις πολιν εμπορων.

5 Και ελαβεν απο του σπερματος της γης και εθεσεν αυτο εις πεδιον σποριμον· πλησιον πολλων υδατων εφερεν αυτο· ως ιτεαν εθεσεν αυτο.

6 Και εβλαστησε και εγεινεν αμπελος πλατεια, χαμηλη εις το αναστημα, της οποιας τα κληματα εστρεφοντο προς αυτον και αι ριζαι αυτης ησαν υποκατω αυτου· και εγεινεν αμπελος και εκαμε κληματα και εξεδωκε βλαστους.

7 Ητο και αλλος αετος μεγας, ο μεγαλοπτερυγος και πολυπτερος· και ιδου, η αμπελος αυτη εξετεινε τας ριζας αυτης προς αυτον, και ηπλωσε τους κλαδους αυτης προς αυτον, δια να ποτιση αυτην δια των αυλακιων της φυτευσεως αυτης.

8 Ητο πεφυτευμενη εν γη καλη πλησιον υδατων πολλων, δια να καμη βλαστους και να φερη καρπον, ωστε να γεινη αμπελος αγαθη.

9 Ειπε, Ουτω λεγει Κυριος ο Θεος· θελει ευοδωθη; δεν θελει ανασπασει αυτος τας ριζας αυτης και κοψει τον καρπον αυτης, ωστε να ξηρανθη; θελει ξηρανθη κατα παντα τα φυλλα του βλαστηματος αυτης, χωρις μαλιστα μεγαλης δυναμεως η πολλου λαου, δια να εκσπαση αυτην εκ των ριζων αυτης.

10 Ναι, ιδου, φυτευθεισα θελει ευοδωθη; δεν θελει ξηρανθη ολοκληρως, ως οταν εγγιση αυτην ο ανατολικος ανεμος; θελει ξηρανθη εν ταις αυλαξιν οπου εβλαστησε.

11 Και εγεινε λογος Κυριου προς εμε, λεγων,

12 Ειπε τωρα προς τον οικον τον αποστατην· δεν εννοειτε τι δηλουσι ταυτα; ειπε, Ιδου, ο βασιλευς της Βαβυλωνος ηλθεν εις Ιερουσαλημ, και ελαβε τον βασιλεα αυτης και τους αρχοντας αυτης, και εφερεν αυτους μεθ' εαυτου εις Βαβυλωνα·

13 και ελαβεν απο του σπερματος του βασιλικου και εκαμε συνθηκην μετ' αυτου και εκαμεν αυτον να ορκισθη· ελαβε και τους δυνατους του τοπου,

14 δια να ταπεινωθη το βασιλειον, ωστε να μη ανορθωθη, δια να φυλαττη την συνθηκην αυτου, ωστε να στηριζη αυτην.

15 Απεστατησεν ομως απ' αυτου, εξαποστειλας πρεσβεις εαυτου εις την Αιγυπτον, δια να δωσωσιν εις αυτον ιππους και λαον πολυν. Θελει ευοδωθη; θελει διασωθη ο πραττων ταυτα; η παραβαινων την συνθηκην θελει διασωθη;

16 Ζω εγω, λεγει Κυριος ο Θεος, βεβαιως εν τω τοπω του βασιλεως του βασιλευσαντος αυτον, του οποιου τον ορκον κατεφρονησε και του οποιου την συνθηκην παρεβη, μετ' αυτου εν μεσω της Βαβυλωνος θελει τελευτησει.

17 Και δεν θελει καμει υπερ αυτου ουδεν εν τω πολεμω ο Φαραω, με το δυνατον στρατευμα και με το μεγα πληθος, υψονων προχωματα και οικοδομων προμαχωνας, δια να απολεση πολλας ψυχας.

18 Διοτι κατεφρονησε τον ορκον παραβαινων την συνθηκην· και ιδου, επειδη, αφου εδωκε την χειρα αυτου, επραξε παντα ταυτα, δεν θελει διασωθη.

19 Δια τουτο ουτω λεγει Κυριος ο Θεος· Ζω εγω, βεβαιως τον ορκον μου τον οποιον κατεφρονησε, και την συνθηκην μου την οποιαν παρεβη, κατα της κεφαλης αυτου θελω ανταποδωσει αυτα.

20 Και θελω εξαπλωσει το δικτυον μου επ' αυτον και θελει πιασθη εις τα βροχια μου· και θελω φερει αυτον εις Βαβυλωνα, και εκει θελω κριθη μετ' αυτου περι της ανομιας αυτου, την οποιαν ηνομησεν εις εμε.

21 Και παντες οι φυγαδες αυτου μετα παντων των ταγματων αυτου θελουσι πεσει εν μαχαιρα, και οι εναπολειφθεντες θελουσι διασκορπισθη εις παντα ανεμον· και θελετε γνωρισει οτι εγω ο Κυριος ελαλησα.

22 Ουτω λεγει Κυριος ο Θεος· Και θελω λαβει εγω εκ του υψηλοτερου κλαδου της υψηλης κεδρου και φυτευσει· θελω κοψει εγω εκ της κορυφης των νεων αυτου κλωνων ενα τρυφερον και φυτευσει επι ορους υψηλου και εξοχου·

23 επι του υψηλου ορους του Ισραηλ θελω φυτευσει αυτον, και θελει εκφερει κλαδους και καρποφορησει και θελει γεινει κεδρος μεγαλη και υποκατω αυτης θελουσι κατασκηνωσει παν ορνεον και παν πτηνον· υπο την σκιαν των κλαδων αυτης θελουσι κατασκηνωσει.

24 Και παντα τα δενδρα του αγρου θελουσι γνωρισει, οτι εγω ο Κυριος εταπεινωσα το δενδρον το υψηλον, υψωσα το δενδρον το ταπεινον, κατεξηρανα το δενδρον το χλωρον, και εκαμον το δενδρον το ξηρον να αναθαλλη. Εγω ο Κυριος ελαλησα και εξετελεσα.

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Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

The Inner Meaning of the Prophets and Psalms 140


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcana Coelestia 40, 368, 776, 885, 2702, 3448, 3901, ...

Apocalypse Revealed 244, 298, 343, 400, 401, 757, 759

The Lord 28

True Christian Religion 290, 468


References from Swedenborg's unpublished works:

Apocalypse Explained 109, 281, 283, 355, 419, 507, 577, ...

The White Horse - Appendix 1

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Word/Phrase Explanations

Ισραηλ
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

υδατων
'Waters' signify truths in the natural self, and in the opposite sense, falsities. 'Waters' signify particularly the spiritual parts of a person, or the intellectual...

Ανεμος
Because a nearer and stronger divine influx through the heavens disperses truths among the wicked, 'wind' signifies this dispersion of truth and the resulting conjunction...

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Waters      

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'Waters' signify truths in the natural self, and in the opposite sense, falsities.

(Odkazy: Apocalypse Revealed 50)


'Waters' signify particularly the spiritual parts of a person, or the intellectual aspects of faith, and also their opposites.

(Odkazy: Arcana Coelestia 739)


'The waters were dried up from off the earth,' as in Genesis 8:7, signifies the apparent dissipation of falsities.

(Odkazy: Arcana Coelestia 864, Genesis 8:7)


'Waters,' as in Psalms 104:3, signify divine truths.

(Odkazy: Psalms 104:3; The Apocalypse Explained 594)


'Waters … that go softly,' as in Isaiah 8:6-7, signifies spiritual things, and 'waters … strong and many,' signifies falsities.

(Odkazy: Arcana Coelestia 790; Isaiah 8:6-7)


'Waters,' as in Ezekiel 47:9, refer to the New Jerusalem, and they signify spiritual things from a celestial origin.

(Odkazy: Arcana Coelestia 994; Ezekiel 47:9)


'Many waters,' as in Revelation 17:1, signify truths of the Word adulterated.

(Odkazy: Apocalypse Revealed 719; Revelation 17:1)


'Waters' or 'rivers' signify spiritual, rational, or scientific things pertaining to truth.

(Odkazy: Arcana Coelestia 2703)


'The waters above the firmament,' as in Genesis 1:7, signify the knowledges in the internal self, and 'the waters beneath the firmament' signify the knowledges of the external self.

(Odkazy: Arcana Coelestia 21, Genesis 1:6)

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Arcana Coelestia # 9229

Arcana Coelestia (Elliott translation)      

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9229. 'And men of holiness shall you be to Me' means a state of life then composed of good. This is clear from the meaning of 'men of holiness' as those who are led by the Lord, for the Divine which emanates from the Lord is holiness itself, 6788, 7499, 8127 (end), 8302, 8806. Consequently those who receive that emanation in faith and also in love are called holy ones. Anyone who imagines that a person is holy from any other source, or that anything present with a person is holy apart from that which comes and is received from the Lord is very much mistaken; for that which is the person's own, and is called his proprium, is evil.

The human proprium is nothing but evil, see 210, 215, 694, 874-876, 987, 1047, 4328, 5660, 5786, 8480, 8944.

To the extent that a person can be withheld from his proprium, the Lord can be present with him, and therefore to the same extent holiness resides with him, 1023, 1044, 1581, 2256, 2388, 2406, 2411, 8206, 8393, 8988 (end), 9014.

[2] The truth that the Lord is the Only Holy One, and that nothing is holy except that which emanates from the Lord, and so that which a person receives from the Lord, is evident from everywhere in the Word, as in John,

I make Myself holy, that they also may be made holy in the truth. John 17:19.

'Making Himself holy' means making Himself Divine by His own power. Consequently those who receive Divine Truth emanating from the Lord in faith and life are said to be 'made holy in the truth'.

[3] This also explains why after the Resurrection, when the Lord spoke to the disciples, He breathed on them and said to them, Receive the Holy Spirit, John 20:22. 'Breathing on (or into)' was a sign that represented the imparting of life through faith and love, as also in Genesis,

Jehovah breathed into his nostrils the breath of life, and man (homo) became a living soul. Genesis 2:7.

Other examples like this may be seen elsewhere, such as Psalms 33:6; 104:29-30; Job 32:8; 33:4; John 3:8. Therefore also the Word is said to be inspired because it comes from the Lord, and those who wrote the Word have been called 'inspired'. Breathing, and so breathing on or inspiring, corresponds to the life of faith, see 97, 1119, 1120, 3883-3896. This explains why the term spirit in the Word is derived from the word for wind, and holiness from the Lord is called Jehovah's wind, 8286, and why the Holy Spirit is the holiness emanating from the Lord, 3704, 4673 (end), 5307, 6788, 6982, 6993, 8127 (end), 8302, 9199.

(Odkazy: Arcana Coelestia 1119-1120; Psalms 104:20, 104:30)


[4] So also it says in John 1:33 that the Lord baptizes with the Holy Spirit, and in Luke 3:16 that He baptizes with the Holy Spirit and with fire. 'Baptizing' in the internal sense means regenerating, 4255, 5120 (end), 9088; 'baptizing with the Holy Spirit' means regenerating by means of the good of faith; and 'baptizing with fire' means regenerating by means of the good of love, 'fire' being the good of love, see 934, 4906, 5215, 6314, 6832, 6834, 6849, 7324. In John,

Who is not going to fear You, O Lord, and glorify Your name? For You alone are holy. Revelation 15:4.

In Luke the angel telling Mary about the Lord said,

That which is holy will be born from you. Luke 1:35.

And in Daniel,

I saw in the visions of my head while on my bed, and behold, a vigilant and holy one came down from heaven. Daniel 4:13.

In these places 'that which is holy' and 'a holy one' stand for the Lord.

[5] Because the Lord alone is holy He is called in the Old Testament the Holy One of Israel, the Redeemer, the Saviour, and the Regenerator, as in Isaiah 1:4; 5:19, 24; 10:20; 12:6; 17:7; 29:19; 30:11-12, 15; 31:1; 37:23; 41:14, 16, 20; 43:3, 14; 45:11; 47:4; 48:17; 49:7; 54:5; 55:5; 60:9, 14; Jeremiah 50:29; 51:5; Ezekiel 39:7; Psalms 71:22; 78:41; 89:18. This is why the Lord in heaven, and consequently heaven itself, is called the dwelling-place of holiness, Jeremiah 25:30; 31:23; 1 Isaiah 63:15; the sanctuary, 2 Ezekiel 11:16; 24:21; and also the mountain of holiness, Psalms 3:4. It is also why the middle of the tent [of meeting], where the ark containing the law was, was called The Holy of Holies, Exodus 26:33-34; for the law in the ark in the middle of the tent [of meeting], represented the Lord in respect of the Word. For the law is the Word, 6752, 7463.

[6] All this shows why it is that the angels are called holy in Matthew 25:31; Mark 8:38; Luke 9:26; Psalms 149:1; Daniel 8:13; also the prophets, Luke 1:70; and the apostles too, Revelation 18:20. Not that they are holy by their own virtue but that the Lord, who alone is holy and the only source of holiness, makes them so. For truths are meant by 'the angels', because they are those who receive truth from the Lord, 1925, 4085, 4295, 4402, 7268, 7873, 8192, 8301; teachings which present the truth that comes through the Word from the Lord are meant by 'the prophets', 2534, 7269; and all the truths and forms of the good of faith in their entirety which come from the Lord are meant by 'the apostles', 3488, 3858 (end), 6397.

[7] Consecrations 3 among the Israelite and Jewish people took place in order that the Lord who alone was holy might be represented, and in order that holiness, which He alone is the source of, might be represented. This is the reason for the consecration of Aaron and his sons, Exodus 29:1ff; Leviticus 8:10-11, 13, 30; the consecration of their garments, Exodus 29:21ff; the consecration of the altar in order that it might be most holy, 4 Exodus 29:37ff; the consecration of the tent of meeting, the ark of the Testimony, the table, all the vessels, the altar of incense, the altar of burnt offering and its vessels, and the laver and its base, Exodus 30:26ff.

(Odkazy: Exodus 29:1-35, 29:21-22, 29:36-37, 29:44, Exodus 30:26-29; Leviticus 8:20)


[8] The truth that the Lord is the real Holiness that was represented is evident also from the Lord's words in Matthew when they are seen in the internal sense,

Fools and blind! Which of the two is greater, the gold or the temple that makes the gold holy? And which of the two is greater, the gift or the altar that makes the gift holy? Matthew 23:17-19.

'The temple' represented the Lord Himself, and so did 'the altar', while 'the gold' was a sign of the good that comes from the Lord, and 'the gift' or a sacrifice was a sign of things constituting faith and charity that come from the Lord.

The Lord was represented by 'the temple', see 2777, 3720, and by 'the altar', 2777, 2811, 4489, 8935, 8940. 'Gold' was a sign of good that comes from the Lord, 1551, 1552, 5658, and 'a sacrifice' a sign of worship springing from faith and charity that come from the Lord, 922, 923, 2805, 2807, 2830, 6905, 8680, 8682, 8936.

(Odkazy: Arcana Coelestia 922-923, Arcana Coelestia 1551-1552; Matthew 23:17, 23:19)


[9] From all this it is now evident why it is that the children of Israel were called a holy people in Deuteronomy 26:19 and elsewhere, or as in the present verse men of holiness. That is to say, they were so called because every single aspect of their worship represented Divine realities that are the Lord's, and celestial and spiritual things of His kingdom and Church. On this account they were called holy in a representative sense; they themselves were not holy on that account, because representatives had regard to the holy things that were represented, not to the person who represented them, see 665, 1097 (end), 1361, 3147, 3881 (end), 4208, 4281, 4288, 4293, 4307, 4444, 4500, 6304, 7048, 7439, 8588, 8788, 8806.

(Odkazy: Arcana Coelestia 4292)


[10] On that account also was Jerusalem called holy, and Zion the mountain of holiness in Zechariah 8:3 and elsewhere, as well as in Matthew,

And the tombs were opened, and many bodies of dead holy ones were raised; and coming out of their tombs after the Lord's resurrection, they went into the holy city and appeared to many. Matthew 27:52-53.

Here Jerusalem is called 'the holy city', when in fact, quite to the contrary, it was unholy because the Lord was crucified there at that time, for which reason it is called 'Sodom and Egypt' in John,

Their bodies will lie in the street of the great city which spiritually is called Sodom and Egypt, where also our Lord was crucified. Revelation 11:8.

Yet it is called holy, because it means the Lord's kingdom and the Church, 402, 2117, 3654. The appearance of 'dead holy ones' there, an event witnessed by some in vision, was a sign of the salvation of people who belonged to the spiritual Church, and of the raising of those people to the Holy Jerusalem, which is heaven - the people who had been kept up to that time on the lower earth, spoken of in 6854, 6914, 7091, 7828, 7932, 8049, 8054, 8159, 8321.

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Footnotes:

1Jeremiah 31:23 refers to a dwelling-place of righteousness [and] mountain of holiness, to be exact

2. i.e. an especially holy place

3. i.e. dedicating persons or things to holy functions or purposes

4. literally, the holiness of holinesses

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(Odkazy: Arcana Coelestia 7090; Exodus 22:31, 29:1-37, Exodus 29:44, 30:26-29)

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From Swedenborg's Works

Inbound References:

Arcana Coelestia 9264, 9281, 9300, 9377, 9479, 9506, 9594, 9680, 9806, 9818, 9820, 9930, 9932, 9956, 10069, 10098, 10111, 10128, 10129, 10149, 10240, 10267, 10276, 10302, 10306, 10351, 10359

Heaven and Hell 86

The New Jerusalem and its Heavenly Doctrine 219, 306


References from Swedenborg's unpublished works:

Apocalypse Explained 108, 130, 223, 443, 946


Thanks to the Swedenborg Society for the permission to use this translation.


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