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Exodus 29

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1 [] Και τουτο ειναι το πραγμα, το οποιον θελεις καμει εις αυτους δια να αγιασης αυτους, ωστε να ιερατευωσιν εις εμε. Λαβε εν μοσχαριον βοος και δυο κριους αμωμους,

2 και αζυμον αρτον και πηττας αζυμους εζυμωμενας με ελαιον και λαγανα αζυμα κεχρισμενα με ελαιον· εκ σεμιδαλεως σιτου θελεις καμει αυτα.

3 Και θελεις βαλει αυτα εις εν κανιστρον και θελεις φερει αυτα εν τω κανιστρω μετα του μοσχαριου και των δυο κριων.

4 Και τον Ααρων και τους υιους αυτου θελεις προσαγαγει εις την θυραν της σκηνης του μαρτυριου και θελεις λουσει αυτους εν υδατι.

5 Και θελεις λαβει τας στολας και θελεις ενδυσει τον Ααρων τον χιτωνα και τον ποδηρη του εφοδ και το εφοδ και το περιστηθιον, και θελεις ζωσει αυτον με την κεντητην ζωνην του εφοδ.

6 Και θελεις βαλει την μιτραν επι την κεφαλην αυτου και θελεις βαλει το αγιον διαδημα επι την μιτραν.

7 Τοτε θελεις λαβει το ελαιον του χρισματος και θελεις χυσει εξ αυτου επι την κεφαλην αυτου και θελεις χρισει αυτον.

8 Και θελεις προσαγαγει τους υιους αυτου και ενδυσει αυτους χιτωνας·

9 και θελεις ζωσει αυτους με ζωνας, τον Ααρων και τους υιους αυτου, και θελεις περιθεσει εις αυτους μιτριδια, και η ιερατεια θελει εισθαι εις αυτους κατα νομον παντοτεινον· και θελεις καθιερωσει τον Ααρων και τους υιους αυτου.

10 Και θελεις προσαγαγει το μοσχαριον εμπροσθεν της σκηνης του μαρτυριου, και ο Ααρων και οι υιοι αυτου θελουσιν επιθεσει τας χειρας αυτων επι την κεφαλην του μοσχαριου·

11 και θελεις σφαξει το μοσχαριον ενωπιον Κυριου παρα την θυραν της σκηνης του μαρτυριου.

12 Και θελεις λαβει εκ του αιματος του μοσχαριου και θεσει επι των κερατων του θυσιαστηριου με τον δακτυλον σου· και θελεις χυσει ολον το αιμα παρα την βασιν του θυσιαστηριου.

13 Και θελεις λαβει ολον το στεαρ το περικαλυπτον τα εντοσθια και τον επανω λοβον του ηπατος και τους δυο νεφρους και το στεαρ το επ' αυτων και θελεις καυσει αυτα επι του θυσιαστηριου.

14 Το δε κρεας του μοσχαριου και το δερμα αυτου και την κοπρον αυτου θελεις καυσει εν πυρι εξω του στρατοπεδου· τουτο ειναι θυσια περι αμαρτιας.

15 Και τον κριον τον ενα θελεις λαβει, και θελουσιν επιθεσει ο Ααρων και οι υιοι αυτου τας χειρας αυτων επι την κεφαλην του κριου·

16 και θελεις σφαξει τον κριον και θελεις λαβει το αιμα αυτου και ραντισει επι το θυσιαστηριον κυκλω·

17 και θελεις διαμελισει τον κριον εις τμηματα και θελεις πλυνει τα εντοσθια αυτου και τους ποδας αυτου, και βαλει αυτα μετα των τμηματων αυτου και μετα της κεφαλης αυτου·

18 και θελεις καυσει ολον τον κριον επι του θυσιαστηριου· τουτο ειναι ολοκαυτωμα εις τον Κυριον· ειναι οσμη ευωδιας, θυσια γινομενη δια πυρος εις τον Κυριον.

19 Και θελεις λαβει τον δευτερον κριον· και θελουσιν επιθεσει ο Ααρων και οι υιοι αυτου τας χειρας αυτων επι την κεφαλην του κριου·

20 τοτε θελεις σφαξει τον κριον και θελεις λαβει εκ του αιματος αυτου και θεσει επι τον λοβον του δεξιου ωτιου του Ααρων, και επι τον λοβον του δεξιου ωτιου των υιων αυτου, και επι τον αντιχειρα της δεξιας χειρος αυτων, και επι τον μεγαλον δακτυλον του δεξιου ποδος αυτων, και θελεις ραντισει το αιμα επι το θυσιαστηριον κυκλω.

21 Και θελεις λαβει εκ του αιματος, του επι του θυσιαστηριου, και εκ του ελαιου του χρισματος, και θελεις ραντισει επι τον Ααρων, και επι τας στολας αυτου και επι τους υιους αυτου και επι τας στολας των υιων αυτου μετ' αυτου· και θελουσιν αγιασθη, αυτος, και αι στολαι αυτου, και οι υιοι αυτου, και αι στολαι των υιων αυτου μετ' αυτου.

22 Και θελεις λαβει εκ του κριου το στεαρ και την ουραν και το στεαρ το περικαλυπτον τα εντοσθια και τον επανω λοβον του ηπατος και τους δυο νεφρους, και το στεαρ το επ' αυτων και τον δεξιον βραχιονα, διοτι ειναι κριος καθιερωσεως,

23 και ενα ψωμον, και μιαν πητταν ελαιωμενην, και εν λαγανον εκ του κανιστρου των αζυμων των προτεθειμενων ενωπιον Κυριου·

24 και θελεις επιθεσει τα παντα εις τας χειρας του Ααρων και εις τας χειρας των υιων αυτου· και θελεις κινησει αυτα εις κινητην προσφοραν ενωπιον Κυριου.

25 Και θελεις λαβει αυτα εκ των χειρων αυτων και καυσει επι του θυσιαστηριου επανω του ολοκαυτωματος εις οσμην ευωδιας ενωπιον Κυριου· τουτο ειναι θυσια γινομενη δια πυρος εις τον Κυριον,

26 Και θελεις λαβει το στηθος εκ του κριου της καθιερωσεως, οστις ειναι δια τον Ααρων, και θελεις κινησει αυτο εις κινητην προσφοραν ενωπιον Κυριου και θελει εισθαι μεριδιον σου.

27 Και θελεις αγιασει το στηθος της κινητης προσφορας και τον βραχιονα της προσφορας της υψωσεως, ητις εκινηθη και ητις υψωθη, εκ του κριου της καθιερωσεως, εξ εκεινου οστις ειναι δια τον Ααρων, και εξ εκεινου οστις ειναι δια τους υιους αυτου·

28 και θελει εισθαι του Ααρων και των υιων αυτου κατα νομον παντοτεινον παρα των υιων Ισραηλ· διοτι ειναι προσφορα υψωσεως· και θελει εισθαι προσφορα υψωσεως παρα των υιων Ισραηλ εκ των ειρηνικων θυσιων αυτων, η υψουμενη προσφορα αυτων προς τον Κυριον.

29 Και η αγια στολη του Ααρων θελει εισθαι των υιων αυτου μετ' αυτον, δια να χρισθωσιν εν αυτη και να καθιερωθωσιν εν αυτη.

30 Επτα ημερας θελει ενδυεσθαι αυτην ο ιερευς, ο αντ' αυτου εκ των υιων αυτου, οστις εισερχεται εις την σκηνην του μαρτυριου δια να λειτουργηση εν τω αγιω.

31 Και θελεις λαβει τον κριον της καθιερωσεως και βρασει το κρεας αυτου εν τοπω αγιω.

32 Και θελουσι φαγει ο Ααρων και οι υιοι αυτου το κρεας του κριου και τον αρτον τον εν τω κανιστρω παρα την θυραν της σκηνης του μαρτυριου.

33 Και θελουσι φαγει εκεινα, δια των οποιων εγεινεν η εξιλεωσις, προς καθιερωσιν και αγιασμον αυτων· ξενος ομως δεν θελει φαγει, διοτι ειναι αγια·

34 και αν μεινη τι εκ του κρεατος των καθιερωσεων η εκ του αρτου εως πρωι, τοτε θελεις καυσει το εναπολειφθεν εν πυρι· δεν θελει φαγωθη, διοτι ειναι αγιον.

35 Και ουτω θελεις καμει εις τον Ααρων και εις τους υιους αυτου κατα παντα οσα προσεταξα εις σε· επτα ημερας θελεις καθιερωσει αυτους·

36 και θελεις προσφερει πασαν ημεραν εν μοσχαριον εις προσφοραν περι αμαρτιας δια εξιλεωσιν. Και θελεις καθαριζει το θυσιαστηριον, καμνων εξιλεωσιν υπερ αυτου, και θελεις χρισει αυτο δια να αγιασης αυτο.

37 Επτα ημερας θελεις καμνει εξιλεωσιν υπερ του θυσιαστηριου και θελεις αγιαζει αυτο· και θελει εισθαι θυσιαστηριον αγιωτατον· παν το εγγιζον το θυσιαστηριον θελει εισθαι αγιον.

38 [] Τουτο δε ειναι εκεινο, το οποιον θελεις προσφερει επι του θυσιαστηριου· δυο αρνια ενιαυσια την ημεραν διαπαντος.

39 το εν αρνιον θελεις προσφερει το πρωι, και το αλλο αρνιον θελεις προσφερει το δειλινον·

40 και μετα του ενος αρνιου εν δεκατον σεμιδαλεως εζυμωμενης με το τεταρτον ενος ιν ελαιου κοπανισμενου· και το τεταρτον ενος ιν οινου δια σπονδην.

41 και το δευτερον αρνιον θελεις προσφερει το δειλινον· κατα την προσφοραν της πρωιας, και κατα την σπονδην αυτης, θελεις καμει εις αυτο, εις οσμην ευωδιας, θυσιαν γινομενην δια πυρος προς τον Κυριον.

42 τουτο θελει εισθαι παντοτεινον ολοκαυτωμα εις τας γενεας σας παρα την θυραν της σκηνης του μαρτυριου ενωπιον Κυριου· οπου θελω εμφανιζεσθαι εις σας, δια να λαλω εκει προς σε.

43 Και εκει θελει εμφανιζεσθαι εις τους υιους Ισραηλ, και η σκηνη θελει αγιαζεσθαι με την δοξαν μου.

44 Και θελω αγιαζει την σκηνην του μαρτυριου και το θυσιαστηριον· θελω αγιαζει και τον Ααρων και τους υιους αυτου, δια να ιερατευωσιν εις εμε.

45 Και θελω κατοικει εν μεσω των υιων Ισραηλ, και θελω εισθαι Θεος αυτων.

46 Και αυτοι θελουσι γνωριζει οτι εγω ειμαι Κυριος ο Θεος αυτων, ο εξαγαγων αυτους εκ γης Αιγυπτου δια να κατοικω εν μεσω αυτων· εγω Κυριος ο Θεος αυτων.

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Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 2180, 9985, 9986, 9987, 9988, 9989, 9990, ...


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcana Coelestia 353, 577, 925, 1071, 2177, 2187, 2830, ...

Apocalypse Revealed 10, 242, 278, 316, 378, 379, 392, ...

Heaven and Hell 287

True Christian Religion 670, 706


References from Swedenborg's unpublished works:

Apocalypse Explained 79, 167, 204, 257, 272, 279, 298, ...

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Genesis 8:20

Exodus 6:7, 12:6, 10, 20:2, 25:8, 22, 27:2, 21, 28:1, 2, 41, 30:19, 29, 30, 40:12, 13, 14, 15, 32, 34, 35

Leviticus 1:4, 2:4, 3:2, 3, 4:4, 7, 11, 12, 18, 21, 25, 30, 6:11, 13, 7:30, 8:1, 8, 9:4, 6, 17, 10:7, 12, 15, 18, 14:14, 17, 25, 28, 16:32, 22:10, 13, 23:11, 26:11, 12

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Apocalypse Explained # 279

Apocalypse Explained (Tansley translation)      

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279. And the second animal like a calf. That this signifies the appearance in ultimates of the Divine good as to defence is evident from the signification of a calf, or young bullock, as being the good of the natural man, and specifically his good of innocence and charity; and because it denotes this good, it also denotes the good of the ultimate heaven, for this heaven is spiritual-natural (as may be seen in the work, Heaven and Hell. n. 29-31). And because this good is in the ultimate heaven, therefore it is a guard, or defence, to prevent the higher heavens from being approached except by the good of love and of charity; this is why one cherub was like a calf. That this appearance was in ultimates, may be seen just above (n. 278). The reason why a calf or young bullock signifies the good of the natural man, is that those animals which belonged to the herd signified the affections of good and truth in the external or natural man, and those which belonged to the flock signified the affections of good and truth in the internal or spiritual man. Those animals which belong to the flock are lambs, she-goats, sheep, rams, and he-goats; and those which belong to the herd are oxen, calves, young bullocks.

(Odkazy: Heaven and Hell 29-31; Revelation 4:7; The Apocalypse Explained 278)


[2] That young bullocks and calves signify the good of the natural man is evident from the passages of the Word where they are mentioned. And first from the description of the feet of the cherubim, in Ezekiel:

"Their right foot and the soles of their feet, as it were the soles of a calf's foot, and they were shining, as the colour of polished brass" (i. 7).

The reason their right foot was thus seen was that the cherubim represented the Divine guardianship of the Lord, and the feet and soles of the feet represented the same in ultimates, or in the spiritual-natural heaven and in the natural world. For by the feet is signified in general the Natural; by the right foot is signified the Natural as to good; by the sole of the foot the ultimates therein, and similarly polished brass signifies good in the Natural. It is therefore evident that good in the Natural is signified by a calf, and that here is the ultimate good which guards and defends lest the heavens should be approached except by the good of love and of charity. (That the feet signify the Natural may be seen, Arcana Coelestia, n. 2162, 3147, 3761, 3986, 4280, 4938-4952, 5327, 5328; that that which is on the right signifies good from which is truth, n. 9604, 9736, 10,061: hence the right foot signifies the Natural as to good. That the palms of the hands, the soles of the feet, and hoofs, signify the ultimates in the Natural, may be seen, n. 4938, 7729; and that polished brass signifies natural good, may be seen above, n. 70).

(Odkazy: Arcana Coelestia 2162, 3147, 3761, 3986, 4280, 4938-4952, 4938, 5327-5328, 7729, 9604, 9736, 10061; Ezekiel 1:7; The Apocalypse Explained 70)


[3] In Hosea:

"Return ye to Jehovah; say unto him, Take away all iniquity, and accept good, and we will render the bullocks of our lips" (xiv. 2).

What is meant by rendering the bullocks of the lips, no one can know unless he understands what bullocks, and what the lips signify. That confession and thanksgiving from a good heart is, here denoted, is evident; but it is thus expressed because bullocks signify external good, and the lips signify doctrine; hence by rendering the bullocks of the lips, is signified to confess and give thanks from the goods of doctrine. (That the lips signify doctrine, may be seen, Arcana Coelestia, n. 1286, 1288.)

(Odkazy: Arcana Coelestia 1286, 1288; Hosea 14:2)


[4] In Amos:

"Ye draw the habitation of violence; they lie upon beds of ivory, and eat the lambs out of the flock and the calves out of the midst of the stall" (vi. 3, 4).

The subject here treated of is those who possess in abundance the knowledges of good and truth, and yet lead an evil life. To eat the lambs out of the flock signifies to drink in the knowledges of internal good or of the spiritual man; and to eat the calves out of the midst of the stall signifies to drink in the knowledges of external goods or of the natural man; and to draw the habitation of violence is to live a life contrary to charity.

(Odkazy: Amos 6:3-4)


[5] In Malachi:

"But unto you that fear my name shall the sun of righteousness arise and healing in his wings that ye may go forth, and grow up as calves of the stall" (iv. 2).

The sun of righteousness which shall arise to them that fear the name of Jehovah, signifies the good of love; and healing in his wings, signifies the truth of faith; hence, to go forth, and to grow up as calves of the stall, signifies an increase of all good; fatted, and also fat, signifying good.

(Odkazy: Malachi 4:2)


[6] In Luke:

The father said to his servants concerning the prodigal son who returned penitent in heart, "Bring forth the best robe, and put it on him; and put a ring on his hand and shoes on his feet; and bring hither the fatted calf, and kill it; and let us eat and be merry" (xv. 22, 23).

He who understands only the sense of the letter might suppose that this passage contains nothing deeper than appears in that sense, when nevertheless every particular involves something heavenly; as that they should put on the returning prodigal the best robe, that they should put a ring on his hand and shoes on his feet, that they should bring forth the fatted calf, that they should kill it, and eat and be merry. By the prodigal son are meant those who are prodigal of spiritual riches, which are knowledges (cognitiones) of truth and good; by his return to his father, and his confession that he was not worthy to be called his son, are signified penitence of heart and humiliation. By the best, or chief (primarium) robe being put on him, are signified general and primary truths; by a ring upon the hand is signified the conjunction of truth and good in the internal or spiritual man; by shoes upon the feet is signified the same in the external or natural man; and by both these, regeneration. By the fatted calf is signified the good of love and of charity; and by their eating and being merry are signified association and heavenly joy.

(Odkazy: Luke 15:22-23)


[7] In Jeremiah:

"I will give the men who have transgressed my covenant, who have not established the words of my covenant which they made before me, the covenant of the calf which they cut into two pieces that they might pass between the parts thereof, the princes of Judah and the princes of Jerusalem, the royal ministers and priests, and all the people of the land, passing between the parts of the calf, I will even give them into the hands of their enemies, that their carcass may be for food to the bird of the heavens" (xxxiv. 18-20).

What is meant by the covenant of the calf, and by passing between the parts thereof, no one can know unless he knows what is signified by covenant, what by calf, what by its being cut into two parts; also, what is meant by the princes of Judah and of Jerusalem, by the royal ministers, the priests, and the people of the land. That there is some heavenly arcanum herein is evident. Nevertheless it can be understood, when it is known that a covenant denotes conjunction; a calf, good; a calf cut into two parts, the good proceeding from the Lord on one part, and the good received by man on the other, whence there is conjunction; and that the princes of Judah and of Jerusalem, the royal ministers, the priests, and the people of the land, denote the goods and truths which pertain to the church; and that to pass between the parts denotes to conjoin. When these things are known the internal sense of the passage may be known, which is, that there was no conjunction by the goods and truths of the church with that nation, but disjunction.

(Odkazy: Jeremiah 34:18-20)


[8] Similar things are involved in the covenant of the calf with Abram, concerning which it is thus written in Genesis:

Jehovah said to Abram, "Take to thee a calf of three years old, and a she-goat of three years old, and a ram of three years old, and a turtle-dove, and a young pigeon. And he took unto himself all these, and divided them in the midst, and laid each part one against another; and the birds divided he not. And when the fowls came down upon the carcasses, Abram drove them away. And when the sun was going down, a deep sleep fell upon Abram; and, lo, a horror of great darkness fell upon him. And in that day Jehovah made a covenant with Abram" (xv. 9-12, 18).

The horror of great darkness which fell upon Abram signified the state of the Jewish nation, which was in the greatest darkness as to the truths and goods of the church; this state of that nation is what is described in the Prophet by the covenant ratified by dividing the calf into two parts, between which they passed. Because by a calf is signified the good of the natural man and its truth, which is scientific truth (scientificum); and since the natural man and the scientific thereof is signified by Egypt, therefore Egypt in the Word is called a she-calf, and also a he-calf; therefore, also, after they applied the scientifics (scientifica) of the church to magical and idolatrous purposes they turned the calf into an idol. This is why the sons of Israel made to themselves a calf in the wilderness, and worshipped it, and also why they had a calf in Samaria.

(Odkazy: Genesis 15:9-12, 15:18)


[9] That Egypt is thus designated is evident in Jeremiah:

"A very fair she-calf is Egypt; destruction cometh out of the north, and her mercenaries in the midst of her as calves of the stall" (xlvi. 20, 21).

(Concerning the calf which the sons of Israel made to themselves in the wilderness, see Exod. xxxii.; and concerning the calf of Samaria, 1 Kings xii. 25-32).

Again, in Hosea:

"They have made a king, but not by me; they have made princes, and I knew it not; of their silver and their gold have they made them idols, that it may be cut off. Thy calf, O Samaria, hath forsaken thee. For from Israel was it also; the workman made it, not God; the calf of Samaria shall be broken in pieces" (viii. 4-6).

The subject here treated of is the corrupt explanation of the Word, the sense of the letter of which is turned to favour their own loves and the principles of religion thence conceived. To make a king but not by Jehovah, and to make princes and I have not known, signifies doctrinals from man's own intelligence, which are essentially falsities, but which they make to appear as truths. For a king signifies truth, and, in an opposite sense, falsity; princes signify primary truths, and, in the opposite sense, falsities which are called principles of religion. To make idols of their silver and gold signifies their perversion of the truths and goods of the church, and worshipping them as holy, although, being derived from their own intelligence, they are destitute of life. Silver denotes the truth, and gold the good, which are from the Lord. Idols signify worship from doctrine which is from man's own intelligence; "the workman made it, and not God," signifies, that it is from man's proprium and not from the Divine; to be broken in pieces, signifies to be dissipated; hence it is evident what is signified by the calf of Samaria. Because calves signified the good of the natural man, therefore also calves were sacrificed, concerning which see Exod. xxix, 11, 12 and following verses; Levit. iv. 3, and following, and 13 and following verses; viii. 15 and following verses; ix. 2; xvi. 3; xxiii. 18; Numb. viii. 8 and following verses; xv. 24; xxviii. 19, 20; Judg. vi. 25-29; 1 Sam. i. 25; xvi. 2; 1 Kings xviii. 23-26, 33. For all the animals which were sacrificed signified various classes of the goods of the church.

(Odkazy: 1 Kings 12:28-32, 18:23-26, 18:33; 1 Samuel 1:25, 16:2; Exodus 29:11-12, 32:1; Hosea 8:4-6; Jeremiah 46:20-21; Judges 6:25-29; Leviticus 4:3, 4:13, 8:14, 8:15, 9:2, 16:3, 23:18; Numbers 8:8, 15:24, 28:19-20; Revelation 4:7)

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References from Swedenborg's unpublished works:

Apocalypse Explained 276, 297, 370, 600, 1038

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