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Daniel 4

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1 Ναβουχοδονοσορ ο βασιλευς, προς παντας τους λαους, εθνη και γλωσσας τους κατοικουντας επι πασης της γης· Ειρηνη ας πληθυνθη εις εσας.

2 Τα σημεια και τα θαυμασια, τα οποια εκαμεν εις εμε ο Θεος ο Υψιστος, ηρεσεν ενωπιον μου να αναγγειλω.

3 Ποσον ειναι μεγαλα τα σημεια αυτου· και ποσον ισχυρα τα θαυμασια αυτου· η βασιλεια αυτου ειναι βασιλεια αιωνιος και η εξουσια αυτου εις γενεαν και γενεαν.

4 Εγω ο Ναβουχοδονοσορ ημην αναπαυομενος εν τω οικω μου και ακμαζων εν τω παλατιω μου.

5 Ειδον ενυπνιον, το οποιον με κατεπληξε, και οι διαλογισμοι μου επι της κλινης μου και αι ορασεις της κεφαλης μου με εταραξαν.

6 Δια τουτο εξεδωκα προσταγμα να εισαχθωσιν ενωπιον μου παντες οι σοφοι της Βαβυλωνος, δια να φανερωσωσιν εις εμε την ερμηνειαν του ενυπνιου.

7 Τοτε εισηλθον οι μαγοι, οι επαοιδοι, οι Χαλδαιοι και οι μαντεις· και εγω ειπα το ενυπνιον εμπροσθεν αυτων, αλλα δεν μοι εφανερωσαν την ερμηνειαν αυτου.

8 Υστερον δε ηλθεν ο Δανιηλ ενωπιον μου, του οποιου το ονομα ητο Βαλτασασαρ κατα το ονομα του Θεου μου, και εις τον οποιον ειναι το πνευμα των αγιων θεων· και εμπροσθεν τουτου ειπα το ενυπνιον, λεγων,

9 Βαλτασασαρ, αρχων των μαγων, επειδη εγνωρισα οτι το πνευμα των αγιων θεων ειναι εν σοι, και ουδεν κρυπτον ειναι δυσκολον εις σε, ειπε τας ορασεις του ενυπνιου μου, το οποιον ειδον, και την ερμηνειαν αυτου.

10 Ιδου αι ορασεις της κεφαλης μου επι της κλινης μου· Εβλεπον και ιδου, δενδρον εν μεσω της γης και το υψος αυτου μεγα.

11 Το δενδρον εμεγαλυνθη και ενεδυναμωθη και το υψος αυτου εφθανεν εως του ουρανου, και η θεα αυτου εως των περατων πασης της γης.

12 Τα φυλλα αυτου ησαν ωραια και ο καρπος αυτου πολυς και εν αυτω ητο τροφη παντων· υπο την σκιαν αυτου ανεπαυοντο τα θηρια του αγρου, και εν τοις κλαδοις αυτου κατεσκηνουν τα πετεινα του ουρανου, και εξ αυτου ετρεφετο πασα σαρξ.

13 Ειδον εν ταις ορασεσι της κεφαλης μου επι της κλινης μου και ιδου, φυλαξ και αγιος κατεβη εκ του ουρανου,

14 και εφωνησε μεγαλοφωνως και ειπεν ουτω· Κοψατε το δενδρον και αποκοψατε τους κλαδους αυτου· εκτιναξατε τα φυλλα αυτου και διασκορπισατε τον καρπον αυτου· ας φυγωσι τα θηρια υποκατωθεν αυτου και τα πετεινα απο των κλαδων αυτου·

15 το στελεχος ομως των ριζων αυτου αφησατε εν τη γη, και τουτο με δεσμον σιδηρουν και χαλκουν, εν τω τρυφερω χορτω του αγρου· και θελει βρεχεσθαι με την δροσον του ουρανου και η μερις αυτου θελει εισθαι μετα των θηριων εν τω χορτω της γης·

16 η καρδια αυτου θελει μεταβληθη εκ της ανθρωπινης και θελει δοθη εις αυτον καρδια θηριου· και επτα καιροι θελουσι παρελθει επ' αυτον.

17 Το πραγμα τουτο ειναι δια προσταγματος των φυλακων και η υποθεσις δια του λογου των αγιων· ωστε να γνωρισωσιν οι ζωντες, οτι ο Υψιστος ειναι Κυριος της βασιλειας των ανθρωπων, και εις οντινα θελει διδει αυτην, και το εξουθενημα των ανθρωπων καθιστα επ' αυτην.

18 Τουτο το ενυπνιον ειδον εγω ο Ναβουχοδονοσορ ο βασιλευς· και συ, Βαλτασασαρ, ειπε την ερμηνειαν αυτου· διοτι παντες οι σοφοι του βασιλειου μου δεν ειναι ικανοι να φανερωσωσι προς εμε την ερμηνειαν· συ δε εισαι ικανος· διοτι το πνευμα των αγιων θεων ειναι εν σοι.

19 Τοτε ο Δανιηλ, του οποιου το ονομα ητο Βαλτασασαρ, εμεινεν εκστατικος εως μιας ωρας, και οι διαλογισμοι αυτου εταραττον αυτον. Ο βασιλευς ελαλησε και ειπε, Βαλτασασαρ, ας μη σε ταραττη το ενυπνιον η η ερμηνεια αυτου. Ο Βαλτασασαρ απεκριθη και ειπε, Κυριε μου, το ενυπνιον ας επελθη επι τους μισουντας σε και η ερμηνεια αυτου επι τους εχθρους σου.

20 Το δενδρον, το οποιον ειδες, το αυξηθεν και ενδυναμωθεν, του οποιου το υψος εφθανεν εως του ουρανου και η θεα αυτου επι πασαν την γην,

21 και τα φυλλα αυτου ησαν ωραια και ο καρπος αυτου πολυς, και τροφη παντων ητο εν αυτω, και υποκατω αυτου κατωκουν τα θηρια του αγρου, εν δε τοις κλαδοις αυτου κατεσκηνουν τα πετεινα του ουρανου,

22 συ εισαι το δενδρον τουτο, βασιλευ, οστις εμεγαλυνθης και ενεδυναμωθης· και η μεγαλωσυνη σου υψωθη και εφθασεν εως του ουρανου και η εξουσια σου εως των περατων της γης.

23 Περι δε του οτι ειδεν ο βασιλευς φυλακα και αγιον καταβαινοντα εκ του ουρανου και λεγοντα, Κοψατε το δενδρον και καταστρεψατε αυτο· μονον το στελεχος των ριζων αυτου αφησατε εν τη γη, και τουτο με δεσμον σιδηρουν και χαλκουν, εν τω τρυφερω χορτω του αγρου· και ας βρεχηται υπο της δροσου του ουρανου και μετα των θηριων του αγρου ας ηναι η μερις αυτου, εωσου παρελθωσιν επτα καιροι επ' αυτο·

24 αυτη ειναι η ερμηνεια, βασιλευ, και αυτη η αποφασις του Υψιστου, ητις εφθασεν επι τον κυριον μου τον βασιλεα·

25 και θελεις διωχθη εκ των ανθρωπων και μετα των θηριων του αγρου θελει εισθαι η κατοικια σου, και θελεις τρωγει χορτον ως οι βοες και υπο της δροσου του ουρανου θελεις βρεχεσθαι· και επτα καιροι θελουσι παρελθει επι σε, εωσου γνωρισης οτι ο Υψιστος ειναι Κυριος της βασιλειας των ανθρωπων και εις οντινα θελει, διδει αυτην.

26 Περι δε του οτι προσεταχθη να αφησωσι το στελεχος των ριζων του δενδρου· το βασιλειον σου θελει στερεωθη εν σοι, αφου γνωρισης την ουρανιον εξουσιαν.

27 Δια τουτο, βασιλευ, ας γεινη δεκτη η συμβουλη μου προς σε, και εκκοψον τας αμαρτιας σου δια δικαιοσυνης και τας ανομιας σου δια οικτιρμων πενητων· ισως και διαρκεση η ευημερια σου.

28 Παντα ταυτα ηλθον επι τον Ναβουχοδονοσορ τον βασιλεα.

29 Εν τω τελει δωδεκα μηνων, ενω περιεπατει επι του βασιλικου παλατιου της Βαβυλωνος,

30 ελαλησεν ο βασιλευς και ειπε, Δεν ειναι αυτη η Βαβυλων η μεγαλη, την οποιαν εγω ωκοδομησα δια καθεδραν του βασιλειου με την ισχυν της δυναμεως μου και εις τιμην της δοξης μου;

31 Ο λογος ητο ετι εν τω στοματι του βασιλεως και εγεινε φωνη εξ ουρανου λεγουσα, Προς σε αναγγελλεται, Ναβουχοδονοσορ βασιλευ· η βασιλεια παρηλθεν απο σου·

32 και θελεις εκδιωχθη εκ των ανθρωπων και μετα των θηριων του αγρου θελει εισθαι η κατοικια σου· χορτον ως οι βοες θελεις τρωγει, και επτα καιροι θελουσι παρελθει επι σε, εωσου γνωρισης οτι ο Υψιστος ειναι Κυριος της βασιλειας των ανθρωπων, και εις οντινα θελει, διδει αυτην.

33 Εν αυτη τη ωρα ο λογος εξετελεσθη επι τον Ναβουχοδονοσορ· και εξεδιωχθη εκ των ανθρωπων και χορτον ως οι βοες ετρωγε και υπο της δροσου του ουρανου το σωμα αυτου εβρεχετο, εωσου αι τριχες αυτου ηυξηνθησαν ως αετων πτερα και οι ονυχες αυτου ως ορνεων.

34 Και εν τελει των ημερων, εγω ο Ναβουχοδονοσορ εσηκωσα τους οφθαλμους μου προς τον ουρανον και αι φρενες μου επεστρεψαν εις εμε και ευλογησα τον Υψιστον και ηνεσα και εδοξασα τον ζωντα εις τον αιωνα, του οποιου η εξουσια ειναι εξουσια αιωνιος και η βασιλεια αυτου εις γενεαν και γενεαν,

35 και παντες οι κατοικοι της γης λογιζονται ενωπιον αυτου ως ουδεν, και κατα την θελησιν αυτου πραττει εις το στρατευμα του ουρανου και εις τους κατοικους της γης, και δεν υπαρχει ο εμποδιζων την χειρα αυτου η ο λεγων προς αυτον, Τι εκαμες;

36 Εν τω αυτω καιρω αι φρενες μου επεστρεψαν εις εμε· και προς δοξαν της βασιλειας μου επανηλθεν εις εμε η λαμπροτης μου και η μορφη μου και οι αυλικοι μου και οι μεγιστανες μου με εζητουν, και εστερεωθην εν τη βασιλεια μου και μεγαλειοτης περισσοτερα προσετεθη εις εμε.

37 Τωρα εγω ο Ναβουχοδονοσορ αινω και υπερυψω και δοξαζω τον βασιλεα του ουρανου, διοτι παντα τα εργα αυτου ειναι αληθεια και αι οδοι αυτου κρισις, και τους περιπατουντας εν τη υπερηφανια δυναται να ταπεινωση.

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Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

Apocalypse Revealed 717

The Inner Meaning of the Prophets and Psalms 175


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcana Coelestia 274, 290, 395, 728, 776, 1326, 3301, ...

Apocalypse Revealed 47, 60, 158, 173, 474, 567, 757, ...

The Lord 40, 48

The Last Judgment 54

True Christianity 93, 644


References from Swedenborg's unpublished works:

Apocalypse Explained 109, 204, 257, 650, 662, 1029, 1100

Coronis (An Appendix to True Christian Religion) 3

An Invitation to the New Church 22

Marriage 93

Scriptural Confirmations 4, 30, 31

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Arcana Coelestia # 3762

Arcana Coelestia (Elliott translation)      

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3762. 'And went to the land of the sons of the east' means a raising up towards truths that relate to love. This is clear from the meaning of 'the land of the sons of the east'. For Aram or Syria was called 'the land of the sons of the east', as is evident from the fact that it was the land to which Jacob went, see also 3249. In general, 'Syria' means cognitions of good, as shown in 1232, 1234, but specifically 'Aram Naharaim' or Syria of the [Two] Rivers means cognitions of truth, in 3051, 3664. Here however it is not said that he went to Aram or Syria but 'to the land of the sons of the east', so as to mean that which is the subject in the whole of this chapter, namely an ascent towards truths that relate to love. The expression 'truths that relate to love' is used to describe those truths which in other places have been called celestial truths, for they are cognitions concerning charity towards the neighbour and concerning love to the Lord. In the highest sense, where the Lord is the subject, they are truths that relate to Divine love.

[2] These truths, that is to say, those concerning charity towards the neighbour and concerning love to the Lord, must first be learned before a person can be regenerated, and must also be acknowledged and believed. And insofar as those truths are acknowledged and believed, and are endowed with life, that person is also regenerated and those truths are implanted in his natural, where they exist as in their own soil. They are first implanted there through the instruction received from parents and teachers, then from the Word of the Lord, and after that from personal reflection on them. But all of this does no more than to deposit those truths in the person's natural memory and so to place them among the cognitions there. They are still not acknowledged, believed, and received unless life is led in accordance with them, in which case the person enters into an affection for them; and insofar as he enters into an affection for them because his life accords with them, those truths are implanted in his natural as their own soil. Things that are not so implanted do indeed remain with that person, but only in his memory as some item of knowledge or historical fact which does no more than enable him to talk about such things, to further his reputation by means of them, and in so doing to grow in wealth and position. When this is the case truths have not been implanted within him.

[3] As regards the meaning of 'the land of the sons of the east' as truths relating to love, and so as cognitions of truth leading the way to good, this may be seen from the meaning of 'sons' as truths, dealt with in 489, 491, 533, 1147, 2623, and from the meaning of 'the east' as love, dealt with in 101, 1250, 3249. Their land is the soil in which they exist. For 'the sons of the east' are those who possess cognitions concerning truth and good and therefore the truths that relate to love. This may be seen further from other places in the Word, as in the first Book of Kings,

The wisdom of Solomon surpassed the wisdom of all the sons of the east and all the wisdom of the Egyptians. 1 Kings 4:30.

Here 'the wisdom of the sons of the east' means interior cognitions concerning truth and good, and so means people who possess them. 'The wisdom of the Egyptians' however means knowledge of the same things as they exist in a lower degree -'the Egyptians' meaning factual knowledge in general, see 1164, 1165, 1462.

(Odkazy: Arcana Coelestia 1164-1165)


[4] In Jeremiah,

Thus said Jehovah, Arise, go up against Kedar; lay waste the sons of the east. They will take their tents and flocks, their curtains and all their vessels, and will take their camels. Jeremiah 49:28-29.

Here 'the sons of the east' is used to mean those who possess cognitions concerning good and truth. This is clear from the fact that 'they will take their tents and flocks, also their curtains and all their vessels, as well as their camels'. For 'tents' means holy forms of good, 414, 1102, 2145, 2152, 3312; 'flocks' the goods that flow from charity, 343, 2566; 'curtains' holy truths, 2576, 3478; 'vessels' the truths of faith, and facts, 3068, 3079; 'camels' factual knowledge in general, 3048, 3071, 3143, 3145. Thus 'the sons of the east' means those who possess these, that is, cognitions concerning what is good and what is true.

[5] The wise men from the east who came to Jesus when He was born belonged to those people called the sons of the east. This becomes clear from the fact of their awareness that the Lord was to be born, and that they knew of His Coming from the star which appeared to them in the east. These matters are described in Matthew as follows,

When Jesus was born in Bethlehem of Judea, behold wise men from the east came into Jerusalem, saying, Where is He born King of the Jews? for we have seen His star in the east and have come to worship Him. Matthew 2:1-2.

The fact that such a prophecy existed from of old among the sons of the east, who were from Syria, is clear from Balaam's prophecy concerning the Lord's Coming, in Moses,

I see Him, but not now; I behold Him, but not near. A star will arise out of Jacob and a sceptre will rise up out of Israel. Numbers 24:17.

The fact that Balaam was from the land of the sons of the east, that is, from Syria, is evident from the following in Moses,

Balaam uttered his declaration and said, From Syria has Balak, the king of Moab, brought me, from the mountains of the east. Numbers 23:7.

The wise men who came to Jesus when He was born are called the magi, but this expression was used for wise men at that time, as is clear from many places, such as Genesis 41:8; Exodus 7:11; Daniel 2:27; 4:6-7; 1 Kings 4:30; and in various places in the Prophets.

[6] 'The sons of the east' in the contrary sense means cognitions concerning evil and falsity, and so means those who possess these. This is clear in Isaiah,

The envy of Ephraim will depart, and the enemies of Judah will be cut off. They will fly down onto the shoulder of the Philistines towards the sea, and together they will plunder the sons of the east. Isaiah 11:13-14.

In Ezekiel, when prophesying against the sons of Ammon,

Behold, I have handed you over to the sons of the east as an inheritance, and they will station their ranks among you. Ezekiel 25:4, 10.

In the Book of Judges,

When Israel put in seed, Midian came up and Amalek, and the sons of the east; and they came up upon them. Judges 6:3.

'Midian' stands for those under the influence of falsity because the good of life does not exist with them, 3242; 'Amalek' for those under the influence of falsities with which they assail truths, 1679; 'the sons of the east' for those who possess cognitions that support what is false.

(Odkazy: Ezekiel 25:2, 25:3-4; Genesis 29:1)

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From Swedenborg's Works

Inbound References:

Arcana Coelestia 4060, 5215, 9293, 9340, 10177, 10252

The New Jerusalem and its Heavenly Doctrine 121, 186


References from Swedenborg's unpublished works:

Apocalypse Explained 324

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