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Daniel 4

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1 Ναβουχοδονοσορ ο βασιλευς, προς παντας τους λαους, εθνη και γλωσσας τους κατοικουντας επι πασης της γης· Ειρηνη ας πληθυνθη εις εσας.

2 Τα σημεια και τα θαυμασια, τα οποια εκαμεν εις εμε ο Θεος ο Υψιστος, ηρεσεν ενωπιον μου να αναγγειλω.

3 Ποσον ειναι μεγαλα τα σημεια αυτου· και ποσον ισχυρα τα θαυμασια αυτου· η βασιλεια αυτου ειναι βασιλεια αιωνιος και η εξουσια αυτου εις γενεαν και γενεαν.

4 Εγω ο Ναβουχοδονοσορ ημην αναπαυομενος εν τω οικω μου και ακμαζων εν τω παλατιω μου.

5 Ειδον ενυπνιον, το οποιον με κατεπληξε, και οι διαλογισμοι μου επι της κλινης μου και αι ορασεις της κεφαλης μου με εταραξαν.

6 Δια τουτο εξεδωκα προσταγμα να εισαχθωσιν ενωπιον μου παντες οι σοφοι της Βαβυλωνος, δια να φανερωσωσιν εις εμε την ερμηνειαν του ενυπνιου.

7 Τοτε εισηλθον οι μαγοι, οι επαοιδοι, οι Χαλδαιοι και οι μαντεις· και εγω ειπα το ενυπνιον εμπροσθεν αυτων, αλλα δεν μοι εφανερωσαν την ερμηνειαν αυτου.

8 Υστερον δε ηλθεν ο Δανιηλ ενωπιον μου, του οποιου το ονομα ητο Βαλτασασαρ κατα το ονομα του Θεου μου, και εις τον οποιον ειναι το πνευμα των αγιων θεων· και εμπροσθεν τουτου ειπα το ενυπνιον, λεγων,

9 Βαλτασασαρ, αρχων των μαγων, επειδη εγνωρισα οτι το πνευμα των αγιων θεων ειναι εν σοι, και ουδεν κρυπτον ειναι δυσκολον εις σε, ειπε τας ορασεις του ενυπνιου μου, το οποιον ειδον, και την ερμηνειαν αυτου.

10 Ιδου αι ορασεις της κεφαλης μου επι της κλινης μου· Εβλεπον και ιδου, δενδρον εν μεσω της γης και το υψος αυτου μεγα.

11 Το δενδρον εμεγαλυνθη και ενεδυναμωθη και το υψος αυτου εφθανεν εως του ουρανου, και η θεα αυτου εως των περατων πασης της γης.

12 Τα φυλλα αυτου ησαν ωραια και ο καρπος αυτου πολυς και εν αυτω ητο τροφη παντων· υπο την σκιαν αυτου ανεπαυοντο τα θηρια του αγρου, και εν τοις κλαδοις αυτου κατεσκηνουν τα πετεινα του ουρανου, και εξ αυτου ετρεφετο πασα σαρξ.

13 Ειδον εν ταις ορασεσι της κεφαλης μου επι της κλινης μου και ιδου, φυλαξ και αγιος κατεβη εκ του ουρανου,

14 και εφωνησε μεγαλοφωνως και ειπεν ουτω· Κοψατε το δενδρον και αποκοψατε τους κλαδους αυτου· εκτιναξατε τα φυλλα αυτου και διασκορπισατε τον καρπον αυτου· ας φυγωσι τα θηρια υποκατωθεν αυτου και τα πετεινα απο των κλαδων αυτου·

15 το στελεχος ομως των ριζων αυτου αφησατε εν τη γη, και τουτο με δεσμον σιδηρουν και χαλκουν, εν τω τρυφερω χορτω του αγρου· και θελει βρεχεσθαι με την δροσον του ουρανου και η μερις αυτου θελει εισθαι μετα των θηριων εν τω χορτω της γης·

16 η καρδια αυτου θελει μεταβληθη εκ της ανθρωπινης και θελει δοθη εις αυτον καρδια θηριου· και επτα καιροι θελουσι παρελθει επ' αυτον.

17 Το πραγμα τουτο ειναι δια προσταγματος των φυλακων και η υποθεσις δια του λογου των αγιων· ωστε να γνωρισωσιν οι ζωντες, οτι ο Υψιστος ειναι Κυριος της βασιλειας των ανθρωπων, και εις οντινα θελει διδει αυτην, και το εξουθενημα των ανθρωπων καθιστα επ' αυτην.

18 Τουτο το ενυπνιον ειδον εγω ο Ναβουχοδονοσορ ο βασιλευς· και συ, Βαλτασασαρ, ειπε την ερμηνειαν αυτου· διοτι παντες οι σοφοι του βασιλειου μου δεν ειναι ικανοι να φανερωσωσι προς εμε την ερμηνειαν· συ δε εισαι ικανος· διοτι το πνευμα των αγιων θεων ειναι εν σοι.

19 Τοτε ο Δανιηλ, του οποιου το ονομα ητο Βαλτασασαρ, εμεινεν εκστατικος εως μιας ωρας, και οι διαλογισμοι αυτου εταραττον αυτον. Ο βασιλευς ελαλησε και ειπε, Βαλτασασαρ, ας μη σε ταραττη το ενυπνιον η η ερμηνεια αυτου. Ο Βαλτασασαρ απεκριθη και ειπε, Κυριε μου, το ενυπνιον ας επελθη επι τους μισουντας σε και η ερμηνεια αυτου επι τους εχθρους σου.

20 Το δενδρον, το οποιον ειδες, το αυξηθεν και ενδυναμωθεν, του οποιου το υψος εφθανεν εως του ουρανου και η θεα αυτου επι πασαν την γην,

21 και τα φυλλα αυτου ησαν ωραια και ο καρπος αυτου πολυς, και τροφη παντων ητο εν αυτω, και υποκατω αυτου κατωκουν τα θηρια του αγρου, εν δε τοις κλαδοις αυτου κατεσκηνουν τα πετεινα του ουρανου,

22 συ εισαι το δενδρον τουτο, βασιλευ, οστις εμεγαλυνθης και ενεδυναμωθης· και η μεγαλωσυνη σου υψωθη και εφθασεν εως του ουρανου και η εξουσια σου εως των περατων της γης.

23 Περι δε του οτι ειδεν ο βασιλευς φυλακα και αγιον καταβαινοντα εκ του ουρανου και λεγοντα, Κοψατε το δενδρον και καταστρεψατε αυτο· μονον το στελεχος των ριζων αυτου αφησατε εν τη γη, και τουτο με δεσμον σιδηρουν και χαλκουν, εν τω τρυφερω χορτω του αγρου· και ας βρεχηται υπο της δροσου του ουρανου και μετα των θηριων του αγρου ας ηναι η μερις αυτου, εωσου παρελθωσιν επτα καιροι επ' αυτο·

24 αυτη ειναι η ερμηνεια, βασιλευ, και αυτη η αποφασις του Υψιστου, ητις εφθασεν επι τον κυριον μου τον βασιλεα·

25 και θελεις διωχθη εκ των ανθρωπων και μετα των θηριων του αγρου θελει εισθαι η κατοικια σου, και θελεις τρωγει χορτον ως οι βοες και υπο της δροσου του ουρανου θελεις βρεχεσθαι· και επτα καιροι θελουσι παρελθει επι σε, εωσου γνωρισης οτι ο Υψιστος ειναι Κυριος της βασιλειας των ανθρωπων και εις οντινα θελει, διδει αυτην.

26 Περι δε του οτι προσεταχθη να αφησωσι το στελεχος των ριζων του δενδρου· το βασιλειον σου θελει στερεωθη εν σοι, αφου γνωρισης την ουρανιον εξουσιαν.

27 Δια τουτο, βασιλευ, ας γεινη δεκτη η συμβουλη μου προς σε, και εκκοψον τας αμαρτιας σου δια δικαιοσυνης και τας ανομιας σου δια οικτιρμων πενητων· ισως και διαρκεση η ευημερια σου.

28 Παντα ταυτα ηλθον επι τον Ναβουχοδονοσορ τον βασιλεα.

29 Εν τω τελει δωδεκα μηνων, ενω περιεπατει επι του βασιλικου παλατιου της Βαβυλωνος,

30 ελαλησεν ο βασιλευς και ειπε, Δεν ειναι αυτη η Βαβυλων η μεγαλη, την οποιαν εγω ωκοδομησα δια καθεδραν του βασιλειου με την ισχυν της δυναμεως μου και εις τιμην της δοξης μου;

31 Ο λογος ητο ετι εν τω στοματι του βασιλεως και εγεινε φωνη εξ ουρανου λεγουσα, Προς σε αναγγελλεται, Ναβουχοδονοσορ βασιλευ· η βασιλεια παρηλθεν απο σου·

32 και θελεις εκδιωχθη εκ των ανθρωπων και μετα των θηριων του αγρου θελει εισθαι η κατοικια σου· χορτον ως οι βοες θελεις τρωγει, και επτα καιροι θελουσι παρελθει επι σε, εωσου γνωρισης οτι ο Υψιστος ειναι Κυριος της βασιλειας των ανθρωπων, και εις οντινα θελει, διδει αυτην.

33 Εν αυτη τη ωρα ο λογος εξετελεσθη επι τον Ναβουχοδονοσορ· και εξεδιωχθη εκ των ανθρωπων και χορτον ως οι βοες ετρωγε και υπο της δροσου του ουρανου το σωμα αυτου εβρεχετο, εωσου αι τριχες αυτου ηυξηνθησαν ως αετων πτερα και οι ονυχες αυτου ως ορνεων.

34 Και εν τελει των ημερων, εγω ο Ναβουχοδονοσορ εσηκωσα τους οφθαλμους μου προς τον ουρανον και αι φρενες μου επεστρεψαν εις εμε και ευλογησα τον Υψιστον και ηνεσα και εδοξασα τον ζωντα εις τον αιωνα, του οποιου η εξουσια ειναι εξουσια αιωνιος και η βασιλεια αυτου εις γενεαν και γενεαν,

35 και παντες οι κατοικοι της γης λογιζονται ενωπιον αυτου ως ουδεν, και κατα την θελησιν αυτου πραττει εις το στρατευμα του ουρανου και εις τους κατοικους της γης, και δεν υπαρχει ο εμποδιζων την χειρα αυτου η ο λεγων προς αυτον, Τι εκαμες;

36 Εν τω αυτω καιρω αι φρενες μου επεστρεψαν εις εμε· και προς δοξαν της βασιλειας μου επανηλθεν εις εμε η λαμπροτης μου και η μορφη μου και οι αυλικοι μου και οι μεγιστανες μου με εζητουν, και εστερεωθην εν τη βασιλεια μου και μεγαλειοτης περισσοτερα προσετεθη εις εμε.

37 Τωρα εγω ο Ναβουχοδονοσορ αινω και υπερυψω και δοξαζω τον βασιλεα του ουρανου, διοτι παντα τα εργα αυτου ειναι αληθεια και αι οδοι αυτου κρισις, και τους περιπατουντας εν τη υπερηφανια δυναται να ταπεινωση.

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Nebuchadnezzar's Second Dream      

By Rev. Dr. Andrew T. Dibb

Floor mosaic of a the Tree of Life (as a pomegranite) from the Big Basilica at Heraclea Lyncestis. Bitola, Macedonia.

In the Book of Daniel, Chapter Four is narrated, after the events of the chapter, by a much-changed Nebuchadnezzar. In the internal sense, the story shows both the Lord's mercy in leading us, and also the depths of despair to which we sink before we willingly open our minds to the Lord and pray for His leadership.

At the beginning of the story, Nebuchadnezzar's idleness imitates the sense of complacency when things seem to be going right, when no temptations darken our skies, and essential selfishness asserts itself once again. Our mind is its house, its palace. We come into this state after a temptation or battle against our sense of selfishness, when we put the struggle aside and rest on our laurels. We are oblivious to the fact that regeneration is an ongoing state, that one temptation succeeds another, and that once conscience has been established in our thought processes, it will not be too long before the lethargy of selfishness is challenged.

While Nebuchadnezzar was at rest in his house, he had a disturbing dream, one unknown to him. As before when he did not understand his dreams, he called the magicians, the astrologers, the Chaldeans and the soothsayers, who, once again, could not interpret the dream.

Often we feel that we face the same temptations over and over again. We might wonder if we will ever regenerate. This is because we fall into a state of selfishness, represented by the king at rest. But when we encounter resistance to that selfishness, we turn back to all our old thought patterns to help us.

Eventually, Nebuchadnezzar called Daniel to tell him his dream. As he recounts the story after the seven years of illness, he uses the words he had spoken before. He addresses Daniel as Belteshazzar, because that is how he saw him before the temptation. Even so, he recognized the presence of the Spirit of the Holy God within him, acknowledging Daniel's power to explain dreams and give interpretations.

The king's second dream took the image of a great tree, planted in the earth, so high it could be seen from the ends of the earth. This parallels the image of the great statue, whose head was gold. As we saw earlier, this image represents the initial state of perfection, followed by a decline as a person turns away from this ideal. The statue shows how self love takes dominance in our lives if unchecked, and brings us into a final state of spiritual destruction.

In this new dream, the tree in the midst of the earth is a reference to the Tree of Life in the midst of the Garden of Eden. Both trees symbolize wisdom. The Tree of Life represented the perception the Most Ancient people had from love (Arcana Coelestia 103), but Nebuchadnezzar's tree is from the love of self and the different perceptions people have when motivated by that love (Apocalypse Explained 1029:6).

But when Nebuchadnezzar saw the tree in his dream, it was lovely. Everything in the dream which normally has a good and beautiful significance, instead takes on a negative meaning. The leaves and flowers, which should have been a picture of guiding truths (Arcana Coelestia 9553), represent the opposite, as the falsities which mislead us. We saw how the king called his false guides: the magicians, soothsayers, astrologers, and Chaldeans.

The birds represent the false thoughts from selfishness (Arcana Coelestia 5149). These give credence to selfishness, to justify it and find new ways to express it. So the tree takes on an intellectual picture of the selfish mind. But the mind is made up of both intellect and emotion. There were also beasts sheltering under the tree representing the things we care about.

When selfishness rules in us, just as Nebuchadnezzar ruled Babylon, all the lesser loves take their cue from this leading love. Thus the beasts of the field, were drawn to the tree for food and shelter.

After this scene is set, Nebuchadnezzar sees "a watcher, a holy one, coming down from heaven." The introduction of the indescribable watcher is the turning point in the dream, marking the beginning of the end for this marvel reaching up to heaven.

In a state of selfishness, we are spiritually asleep, just as Nebuchadnezzar was asleep when he dreamed. But the Lord never sleeps. Truth in our minds is always vigilant, looking for ways of bringing itself to our consciousness to lead us out of our selfish state. Just as everything seemed right in Nebuchadnezzar's world, he became aware of a watcher—the truth.

In an instant, the king's serenity was changed: a force greater than himself commanded the destruction of the tree, and there was nothing he could do about it. These words make it clear just how vulnerable our selfish states are. At their height, they seem so powerful, but in the face of truth they are shown for the sordid little nothings they are. Truth has the power to expose evil, and we should not be afraid to allow it to do so in our own lives. To stand indicted of selfishness is not the end of life, as it may feel, but the beginning of a new life of liberation.

But we still need some sense of self. There is nothing wrong with being concerned with our own well-being; it is vital to our lives. Selfishness is a part of us, but it needs to be kept under control, subordinated to the higher loves of serving the Lord and our neighbor.

This is why the watcher did not order the complete destruction of the tree: the stump is all that is left of a rampant selfishness, the bands of iron and brass represent thoughts and feelings which originate in selfishness, which can be used to keep it under control (Apocalypse Explained 650:32).

Finally, with the tree destroyed, Nebuchadnezzar himself had to be changed. The watcher commanded that the king is given the heart of an animal for seven years. In substance abuse recovery programs, it is said that an addict cannot change until they hit rock-bottom—when they realize the full necessity of change. In spiritual life, this rock bottom is a point at which we almost lose our humanity, we are so dominated by selfishness, greed and the lust of dominion that we lose our ability to think rationally. We become animals. The difference between humans and animals is our ability to think and act in freedom. Self-love destroys that freedom, thus destroying all humanity within us.

In this prophesy, we see a descent: from man, to beast, to ox. People are human because they are created in the image and likeness of the Lord. Thus human beings have the ability to think and act according to reason. This is the essence of our humanity (Arcana Coelestia 477, 2305, 4051, 585, 1555). When these are in tune with truth and goodness from the Lord, then we are truly human, because the image of the Lord is in us.

So again, we see this slide from an ideal to a lesser state: from man, the king became a beast. From rationality and freedom, he entered slavery. This fall appears earlier in the Word: when Adam and Eve sinned in the Garden of Eden, they were cast out.

Finally he was told that he would eat grass like oxen. In a positive sense, oxen represent our affections (Arcana Coelestia 5198, 5642, 6357), or our love of the things of this world. But the opposite meaning of 'ox' is the perversion of goodness (Arcana Coelestia 9083), and the affection for injuring others (Arcana Coelestia 9094).

This humbling of the king represents the proper use of the love of self, and shows that the Lord does not eradicate it, because it is the foundation of true relationships with other people and the Lord Himself. But before it can become useful, selfishness needs to be converted into a humbled love of self, and we must return from the ox state.

As Daniel explained the meaning of the dream, he offered the king counsel: 'break off your sins by being righteous, and your iniquities by showing mercy to the poor.' This is the next step in spiritual awareness. Seeing our selfishness, coupled with an increased awareness of the Lord, we reach the point where thoughts must become actions. At first glance, the concept of 'sins and iniquities' may seem redundant. But in the Word, pairs of synonymous words reflect two internal senses: the celestial and the spiritual (Doctrine of the Sacred Scripture 80). The celestial relates broadly to goodness, and the spiritual to truth. Together they make one.

Daniel's advice to Nebuchadnezzar is to repent. Repentance is the only way out of the quicksand of selfishness. The Lord taught that we should love one another as He loves us (John 13:34, John 15:12). To love ourselves alone, and to wish to control others is not in keeping with the Lord's teachings. The only solution is to listen to the voice of our conscience and allow ourselves to be guided by the truth.

In spite of everything, Nebuchadnezzar's pride was not reduced. As he walked around his palace, his heart was filled with pride: 'is not this great Babylon, that I have built for a royal dwelling by my mighty power and for the honor of my majesty?'

A selfish person believes that everything they own or have accomplished is by their own power. There is no place for God or anyone else. When people do not listen to the Lord's teachings and reject His counsel, there is nothing the Lord can do but allow the person to reap the consequences of their choice.

The king remained in this ox-state until seven times passed over him, which illustrates that the Lord leaves us in this state until it runs its course. Sometimes it takes us a lifetime to see how our selfishness hurts others, and ourselves. Yet the Lord never leaves us. The promise of the root of the tree, bound with bands of iron and bronze is always there. The Lord works unceasingly to bring our selfishness under control until it can serve the higher loves of our neighbor and the Lord Himself.

Forgiveness begins in the recognition that we are in sin. In his ox-like state, Nebuchadnezzar lifted his eyes to heaven. Eyes represent understanding (Arcana Coelestia 2975, 3863), and to lift them to heaven is to lift our understanding to the truths the Lord has given us. The king had been given some truths in his dreams and in the interpretation of them. He knew from Daniel's advice that he needed to repent and change his ways. As he did so, his understanding and appreciation of the Lord grew. He realized how small he was in the grand scheme of things. The inflated ego of selfishness was deflated by the recognition that all things had been given to him by the Lord.

His story is our story. We each build our empires in one way or another. We hold the power of life and death over others in a figurative sense—do we not decide who we like and dislike, who is admitted out our 'inner circle' and who is beyond the pale? The warnings the Lord gave to Nebuchadnezzar apply to us, and like the king, we can also ignore them. The consequences in our lives are the same, as we are reduced to a merely animal-being, wet with the dew of heaven.

Yet can we hear the Lord's voice calling, for unless we do, we will remain in that state. Can we lift our eyes to heaven and search for the truth leading to the greatest declaration one can make, provided it is done with the heart and not with the lips:

Now I … praise and extol and honor the king of heaven, all of whose works are truth, and his ways justice. And those who walk in pride He is able to abase.

Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

Apocalypse Revealed 717

The Inner Meaning of the Prophets and Psalms 175


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcana Coelestia 274, 290, 395, 728, 776, 1326, 3301, ...

Apocalypse Revealed 47, 60, 158, 173, 474, 567, 757, ...

The Lord 40, 48

The Last Judgment 54

True Christian Religion 93, 644


References from Swedenborg's unpublished works:

Apocalypse Explained 109, 204, 257, 650, 662, 1029, 1100

Coronis (An Appendix to True Christian Religion) 3

An Invitation to the New Church 22

Marriage 93

Scriptural Confirmations 4, 30, 31

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The items listed here are provided courtesy of our friends at the General Church of the New Jerusalem. You can search/browse their whole library by following this link.


 Blessings: The Kingdom of Heaven
Blessings to say at mealtime.
Activity | Ages over 7

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More Than Meets the Eye, Part 4: A Different Reality      

By Rev. Jonathan Rose

This video is a part of the Spirit and Life Bible Study series, whose purpose is to look at the Bible, the whole Bible, and nothing but the Bible through a Swedenborgian lens.

Title: More Thank Meets the Eye,Part 4: A Different Reality

Topic: The Word

Summary: Scripture describes a reality that is like our physical world in some ways, but differs in others.

Use the reference links below to follow along in the Bible as you watch.

References:
Joshua 10:12-13
2 Kings 20:8-11
Isaiah 38:8
Genesis 3:1-5
Numbers 22:21-33
Matthew 2:1-2, 7-9
Genesis 21:17
Daniel 4:28, 31
Matthew 3:16-17; 17:5
John 5:25, 28-29; 11:43-44; 12:28-30
Acts of the Apostles 11:7-9
2 Peter 1:18
Revelation 10:8; 11:12; 14:2, 13; 18:4; 21:3
Genesis 1:1-8, 14-18

Abyste mohli dál prohlížet obsah, zatímco sledujete video, pusťte si video v novém okně

Spirit and Life Bible Study broadcast from 9/28/2016. The complete series is available at: www.spiritandlifebiblestudy.com

Ze Swedenborgových děl

 

Apocalypse Explained # 257

Apocalypse Explained (Whitehead translation)      

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257. Since in this prophetical book numbers are often mentioned, and no one can know the spiritual sense of the things contained therein unless it is known what the particular numbers signify (for all numbers in the Word, like all names, signify spiritual things), and since the number "seven" is often mentioned among others, I will here show that "seven" signifies all persons and all things, likewise fullness and totality; for that which signifies all persons and all things signifies also fullness and totality, for fullness and totality are predicated of the magnitude of a thing, and all persons and all things are predicated of multitude. That "seven" has such a signification can be seen from the following passages. In Ezekiel:

They that dwell in the cities of Israel shall set fire to and burn the arms, and the shield, and the buckler, with the bow and with the arrows, and the hand-staff, and the spear; and they shall make a fire with them seven years. And they shall bury Gog and all his multitude, and they shall cleanse the earth seven months (Ezekiel 39:9, 11-12).

Here the desolation of all things in the church is treated of: "those that dwell in the cities of Israel" signify all goods of truth; "to set fire" signifies to consume by evils. "The arms, the shield, the buckler, the bow, the arrows, the hand-staff, the spear," are all things pertaining to doctrine; "to make a fire with them seven years" means to consume them all and fully by evils. "Gog" signifies those who are in external worship and in no internal worship; "to bury them and cleanse the earth" means to destroy all such, and completely purge the church of them.

(Odkazy: Revelation 3:22)


[2] In Jeremiah:

The widows shall be multiplied more than the sand of the seas, and I will bring to them upon the mother of the youths the waster at noonday. She that hath borne seven shall languish, she shall breathe out her soul (Jeremiah 15:8-9).

"The widows," that shall be multiplied, signify those who are in good and who long for truths, and in a contrary sense, as here, those who are in evil and desire falsities; "the mother of the youths" signifies the church; "the waster at noonday" signifies the vastation of that church, however much it may be in truths from the Word; "she that hath borne seven shall languish, she shall breathe out her soul," signifies that the church, to which all truths were given because the Word was given to it, is to perish; for "she that hath borne seven" signifies to whom all truths were given. This was particularly said of the Jews.

[3] Likewise in the first book of Samuel:

They that were hungry have ceased; the barren hath borne seven, and she that hath many children hath failed (1 Samuel 2:5).

"They that were hungry," who have ceased, are those who long for the truths and goods of the church; "the barren bearing seven" signifies those who are outside of the church, and are ignorant of truths, because they have not the Word, thus the Gentiles, to whom all things will be given; "she that hath many children failing" signifies those who have, from whom will be taken away. In David:

Render unto our neighbors sevenfold into their bosom (Psalms 79:12).

And in Moses:

That the Jews should be punished seven times for their sins (Leviticus 26:18, 21, 24, 28);

"seven times" here signifying fully.

[4] In Luke:

If thy brother sin against thee seven times in the day, and seven times in the day turn again to thee, saying, I repent, thou shalt forgive him (Luke 17:4).

"To forgive seven times, if he should turn again seven times," means to forgive as often as he turns, thus every time. But lest it should be understood to mean seven times, the Lord explained his meaning to Peter, who supposed seven times to be meant, in Matthew:

Peter said, Lord, how often shall my brother sin against me and I forgive him? Until seven times? Jesus saith unto him, I say not unto thee, until seven times, but until seventy times seven (Matthew 18:21-22).

"Seventy times seven" means always, without counting.

In David:

Seven times a day do I praise thee for the judgments of righteousness (Psalms 119:164).

"Seven times a day" means always, or at all times.

[5] In the same:

The sayings of Jehovah are pure sayings, as silver refined in a crucible purified seven times (Psalms 12:6).

"Silver" signifies truth from the Divine; "purified seven times" means wholly and fully pure.

[6] in Isaiah:

The light of the moon shall be as the light of the sun, and the light of the sun shall be sevenfold, as the light of seven days (Isaiah 30:26).

"The light of the sun" signifies Divine truth from Divine good; that "this light shall be sevenfold, as the light of seven days," signifies that Divine truth in heaven shall be without any falsity, thus altogether and fully pure.

[7] In Matthew:

The unclean spirit shall take seven other spirits more evil than himself, and shall dwell there (Matthew 12:45; Luke 11:26).

Here profanation is treated of, and "the seven unclean spirits" with which the unclean spirit would return, signify all the falsities of evil, thus a complete destruction of good and truth.

[8] The "seven times" that were to pass over the king of Babylon have a like meaning, in Daniel:

His heart shall be changed from man, and a beast's heart shall be given unto him, while seven times shall pass over him (Daniel 4:16, 25, 32).

"The king of Babylon" signifies those who profane the goods and truths of the Word; that "his heart should be changed from man, and a beast's heart be given him," means that nothing spiritual, which is the truly human, should remain, but instead there should be the diabolical; "the seven times which were to pass over him" signify profanation, which is the complete destruction of truth and good.

[9] Because "seven" and "seven times" signified all things and fullness, the following commands were given:

Seven days the hands [of Aaron and his sons] should be filled (Exodus 29:35).

Seven days [the altar] should be sanctified (Exodus 29:37).

Seven days Aaron should be clothed with the garments when he was to be initiated (Exodus 29:30).

For seven days Aaron and his sons were not to go out of the tabernacle when they were to initiated into the priesthood (Leviticus 8:33, 34).

Seven times was the altar to be sprinkled for expiation upon its horns (Leviticus 16:18, 19).

Seven times was the altar to be sanctified with oil (Leviticus 8:11).

Seven times was the blood to be sprinkled towards the veil (Leviticus 4:16, 17).

Seven times was the blood to be sprinkled with the fingers eastward, when Aaron went towards the mercy-seat (Leviticus 16:12-15).

Seven times was the water of separation to be sprinkled towards the tent (Numbers 19:4).

Seven times the blood was to be sprinkled in the cleansing of leprosy (Leviticus 14:7, 8, 27, 38, 51).

The lampstand was to have seven lamps (Exodus 25:32, 37; 37:18-25).

For seven days were the feasts to be kept (Exodus 34:18, Leviticus 23:23:4-9, 39-44; Deuteronomy 16:3, 4, 8).

For the seven days of the feast there was to be a burnt-offering of seven bullocks, and seven rams daily (Ezekiel 45:23).

Balaam built seven altars, and sacrificed seven oxen and seven rams (Numbers 23:1-7, 15-18, 29, 30).

They numbered seven weeks of years, seven times seven years, and then they were to cause the trumpet of the jubilee to be sounded in the seventh month (Leviticus 25:8, 9).

From the signification of the number "seven" it can be seen what is signified:

By the seven days of creation (Genesis 1);

Also by the fact that four thousand men were satisfied by seven loaves and that seven basketful remained (Matthew 15:34-38; Mark 8:5-9).

From this then it is evident what is signified in Revelation:

By the seven churches (Revelation 1:4, 11);

By the seven golden lampstands, in the midst of which was the Son of man (Revelation 1:13);

By the seven stars in His right hand (Revelation 1:16, 20);

By the seven spirits of God (Revelation 3:1);

By the seven lamps of fire before the throne (Re. Revelation 4:5);

By the book sealed with seven seals (Revelation 5:1);

By the seven angels to whom were given seven trumpets (Revelation 8:2);

By the seven thunders which uttered their voices (Re. Revelation 10:3, 4);

By the seven angels having the seven last plagues (Re. Revelation 16:1, 6);

And by the seven vials full of the seven last plagues (Revelation 16:1; 21:9);

and elsewhere in the Word, where "seven" is mentioned.

(Odkazy: Deuteronomy 16:3-4; Genesis 1:1; Leviticus 4:16-17, 8:33-34, 14:7-8, 16:18-19, 23:4-9, 23:4-8, 23:39-44, 25:8-9; Numbers 23:29-30; Revelation 3:22, Revelation 10:3-4, 15:1, 15:6, 21:8-27)

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From Swedenborg's Works

References from Swedenborg's unpublished works:

Apocalypse Explained 258, 300, 316, 336, 357, 386, 401, 486, 489, 602, 658, 676, 681, 715, 761, 775, 928, 949

Other New Christian Commentary

Thanks to the Swedenborg Foundation for their permission to use this translation.


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