1 Samuel 27

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1 Ειπε δε ο Δαβιδ εν τη καρδια αυτου, Θελω βεβαιως απολεσθη μιαν ημεραν δια χειρος του Σαουλ· δεν ειναι τι καλητερον δι' εμε, παρα να διασωθω ταχεως εις την γην των Φιλισταιων· τοτε απ' εμου ο Σαουλ απελπισθεις, θελει παραιτηθη απο του να με ζητη πλεον εις παντα τα ορια του Ισραηλ· ουτω θελω σωθη εκ της χειρος αυτου.

2 Και εσηκωθη ο Δαβιδ και διεβη, αυτος και οι εξακοσιοι ανδρες οι μετ' αυτου, προς τον Αγχους υιον του Μαωχ, βασιλεα της Γαθ.

3 Και εκαθησεν ο Δαβιδ μετα του Αγχους εν Γαθ, αυτος και οι ανδρες αυτου, εκαστος μετα της οικογενειας αυτου, και ο Δαβιδ μετα των δυο γυναικων αυτου, Αχινοαμ της Ιεζραηλιτιδος και Αβιγαιας της Καρμηλιτιδος γυναικος του Ναβαλ.

4 Ανηγγελθη δε προς τον Σαουλ οτι εφυγεν ο Δαβιδ εις Γαθ. οθεν δεν εζητησε πλεον αυτον.

5 Και ειπεν ο Δαβιδ προς τον Αγχους, Εαν ευρηκα τωρα χαριν εις τους οφθαλμους σου, ας μοι δοθη τοπος εις τινα των πολεων της εξοχης, δια να καθησω εκει· διοτι πως να καθηται ο δουλος σου μετα σου εν τη βασιλευουση πολει;

6 Και εδωκεν εις αυτον ο Αγχους την Σικλαγ κατ' εκεινην την ημεραν· δια τουτο η Σικλαγ εμεινεν εις τους βασιλεις του Ιουδα μεχρι της σημερον.

7 Ο δε αριθμος των ημερων, τας οποιας ο Δαβιδ εκαθησεν εν τη γη των Φιλισταιων, εγεινεν εν ετος και τεσσαρες μηνες.

8 Ανεβαινε δε ο Δαβιδ και οι ανδρες αυτου και εκαμνον εισδρομας εις τους Γεσσουριτας και Γεζραιους και Αμαληκιτας· διοτι ουτοι ησαν εκ παλαιου οι κατοικοι της γης, κατα την εισοδον Σουρ και εως της γης Αιγυπτου.

9 Και εκτυπα ο Δαβιδ την γην και δεν αφινε ζωντα ουτε ανδρα ουτε γυναικα· και ελαμβανε προβατα και βοας και ονους και καμηλους και ενδυματα· και επιστρεφων ηρχετο προς τον Αγχους.

10 Και ελεγεν ο Αγχους προς τον Δαβιδ, που εκαμετε εισδρομην σημερον; Και απεκρινετο ο Δαβιδ, προς το μεσημβρινον του Ιουδα και προς το μεσημβρινον των Ιεραμεηλιτων και προς το μεσημβρινον των Κεναιων.

11 Και ουτε ανδρα ουτε γυναικα δεν αφινε ζωντα ο Δαβιδ, δια να φερη ειδησιν εις Γαθ, λεγων, Μηποτε αναγγειλωσιν εναντιον ημων, λεγοντες, Ουτω καμνει ο Δαβιδ και τοιουτος ειναι ο τροπος αυτου, καθ' ολας τας ημερας οσας καθηται εν τη γη των Φιλισταιων.

12 Και επιστευεν ο Αγχους τον Δαβιδ, λεγων, Αυτος εκαμεν εαυτον διολου μισητον εις τον λαον αυτου τον Ισραηλ· δια τουτο θελει εισθαι δουλος εις εμε παντοτε.

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Arcana Coelestia 1679, 1928, 7161

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Významy biblických slov

'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

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Arcana Coelestia # 7161

Arcana Coelestia (Elliott translation)      

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7161. 'Because you have caused our odour to stink in the eyes of Pharaoh and in the eyes of his servants' means that because of them 1 all those who are steeped in falsities feel such a strong aversion to our spirit of obedience. This is clear from the meaning of 'causing to stink' as an aversion, dealt with below; and from the meaning of 'odour' as an ability to perceive what is pleasing, dealt with in 925, 1514, 1517-1519, 3577, 4626, 4628, 4748. And meaning an ability to perceive what is pleasing, 'odour' also means an ability to perceive faith and charity since these are pleasing, 1519, 4628, 4748. And since they are pleasing, a spirit of obedience is most pleasing, for a spirit of obedience is the genuine good of faith and charity. This is why 'odour' here means a spirit of obedience.

[2] Just as 'odour' implies everything that is pleasing to the Lord, so 'stink' implies that which is unpleasing to the Lord. Consequently 'stink' means an aversion as well as abomination, and also in actual fact corresponds to an aversion and abomination - an aversion to and abomination on the part of falsity and evil. Since 'stink' is associated with aversion it is therefore also used in the Word to express aversion, as in Samuel,

Israel became stinking to the Philistines. 1 Samuel 13:4.

In the same author,

Achish said of David, He has made himself utterly stinking among his people, in Israel. 1 Samuel 17:12.

In the same author,

When the children of Ammon saw that they had become stinking to David... 2 Samuel 10:6.

In the same author,

Ahitophel said to Absalom, So that the whole of Israel may hear that you have become stinking to your father. 2 Samuel 16:21.

In these places 'stinking' stands for aversion. In Isaiah,

Let the slain of the gentiles be cast out, and the stink of their dead bodies rise up, and the mountains be melted with [their] blood. Isaiah 34:3.

'The stink' stands for abominable evil, as it likewise does in Amos 4:10, and in David, Psalms 38:4-5.

(Odkazy: 1 Samuel 27:12; Psalms 38:5-6)

[3] 'In the eyes of Pharaoh and in the eyes of his servants' means in the perception of all those who are steeped in falsities. This is clear from the meaning of 'the eyes' as perception, 4339; and from the representation of 'Pharaoh' as those who are steeped in falsities, dealt with in 6651, 6679, 6683, 7107, 7110, 7126, 7142. The reason why in their eyes their odour is said to stink is that all who are steeped in falsities and evils feel an aversion to all kinds of good; and to them truths stink.

[4] The fact that a stink emanates from those who are governed by evils and are consequently steeped in falsities is plainly evident from the hells that are called the dead-body hells, where assassins are and those ferociously bent on revenge, and from the hells which are called excrementitious, where adulterers are and those who have held foul pleasures as the end in view. When those hells are opened up insufferable stenches emanate from them, 4671; yet they are not detected except by those in whom inner powers on the level of their spirit have been opened. But the inhabitants of those hells find those disgusting smells pleasing and therefore like to live among those stenches, 4628. For they are like those animals which spend their time among dead bodies and excrement, finding the delight of their lives among them. When they come away from the atmosphere filled with those stenches, they find sweet and pleasing odours offensive and extremely displeasing. From all this one may now see how to understand the explanation that those steeped in falsities feel such a strong aversion to anything connected with the law of God and doctrinal teachings derived from it, represented by Moses and Aaron, in reference to whom it says that they made [the people's] odour stink in the eyes of Pharaoh and in the eyes of his servants.


1. i.e. the law of God and doctrinal teachings derived from it


(Odkazy: Arcana Coelestia 4631; Exodus 5:21)

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Arcana Coelestia 7319, 7409, 10037, 10458

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Thanks to the Swedenborg Society for the permission to use this translation.