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1 Samuel 27

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1 Ειπε δε ο Δαβιδ εν τη καρδια αυτου, Θελω βεβαιως απολεσθη μιαν ημεραν δια χειρος του Σαουλ· δεν ειναι τι καλητερον δι' εμε, παρα να διασωθω ταχεως εις την γην των Φιλισταιων· τοτε απ' εμου ο Σαουλ απελπισθεις, θελει παραιτηθη απο του να με ζητη πλεον εις παντα τα ορια του Ισραηλ· ουτω θελω σωθη εκ της χειρος αυτου.

2 Και εσηκωθη ο Δαβιδ και διεβη, αυτος και οι εξακοσιοι ανδρες οι μετ' αυτου, προς τον Αγχους υιον του Μαωχ, βασιλεα της Γαθ.

3 Και εκαθησεν ο Δαβιδ μετα του Αγχους εν Γαθ, αυτος και οι ανδρες αυτου, εκαστος μετα της οικογενειας αυτου, και ο Δαβιδ μετα των δυο γυναικων αυτου, Αχινοαμ της Ιεζραηλιτιδος και Αβιγαιας της Καρμηλιτιδος γυναικος του Ναβαλ.

4 Ανηγγελθη δε προς τον Σαουλ οτι εφυγεν ο Δαβιδ εις Γαθ. οθεν δεν εζητησε πλεον αυτον.

5 Και ειπεν ο Δαβιδ προς τον Αγχους, Εαν ευρηκα τωρα χαριν εις τους οφθαλμους σου, ας μοι δοθη τοπος εις τινα των πολεων της εξοχης, δια να καθησω εκει· διοτι πως να καθηται ο δουλος σου μετα σου εν τη βασιλευουση πολει;

6 Και εδωκεν εις αυτον ο Αγχους την Σικλαγ κατ' εκεινην την ημεραν· δια τουτο η Σικλαγ εμεινεν εις τους βασιλεις του Ιουδα μεχρι της σημερον.

7 Ο δε αριθμος των ημερων, τας οποιας ο Δαβιδ εκαθησεν εν τη γη των Φιλισταιων, εγεινεν εν ετος και τεσσαρες μηνες.

8 Ανεβαινε δε ο Δαβιδ και οι ανδρες αυτου και εκαμνον εισδρομας εις τους Γεσσουριτας και Γεζραιους και Αμαληκιτας· διοτι ουτοι ησαν εκ παλαιου οι κατοικοι της γης, κατα την εισοδον Σουρ και εως της γης Αιγυπτου.

9 Και εκτυπα ο Δαβιδ την γην και δεν αφινε ζωντα ουτε ανδρα ουτε γυναικα· και ελαμβανε προβατα και βοας και ονους και καμηλους και ενδυματα· και επιστρεφων ηρχετο προς τον Αγχους.

10 Και ελεγεν ο Αγχους προς τον Δαβιδ, που εκαμετε εισδρομην σημερον; Και απεκρινετο ο Δαβιδ, προς το μεσημβρινον του Ιουδα και προς το μεσημβρινον των Ιεραμεηλιτων και προς το μεσημβρινον των Κεναιων.

11 Και ουτε ανδρα ουτε γυναικα δεν αφινε ζωντα ο Δαβιδ, δια να φερη ειδησιν εις Γαθ, λεγων, Μηποτε αναγγειλωσιν εναντιον ημων, λεγοντες, Ουτω καμνει ο Δαβιδ και τοιουτος ειναι ο τροπος αυτου, καθ' ολας τας ημερας οσας καθηται εν τη γη των Φιλισταιων.

12 Και επιστευεν ο Αγχους τον Δαβιδ, λεγων, Αυτος εκαμεν εαυτον διολου μισητον εις τον λαον αυτου τον Ισραηλ· δια τουτο θελει εισθαι δουλος εις εμε παντοτε.

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Swedenborg

Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 1679, 1928, 7161

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Exploring the Meaning of Joshua 15      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth

Joshua 15: Judah’s territory and more about Caleb.

This chapter describes the territory given to the tribe of Judah, and lists many of its cities and borders. Judah received a major portion of the land of Canaan; its eastern border was the Salt Sea (the Dead Sea), and the western border was the Great Sea (the Mediterranean).

Although Judah was the fourth son of Jacob, he played a more significant role in many of the Old Testament stories than his older brothers did. So, it is not surprising that the tribe of Judah received extensive territory in the south of Canaan, which in later time became the nation of Judah, along with the tribe of Benjamin’s small territory. The name ‘Judah’ also eventually led to the name ‘Jewish’, coming from the Roman province of Judaea. The name ‘Judah’ also means “praise”, specifically praise of God (see Swedenborg’s work, Arcana Caelestia 456).

Praise itself is a commendation of a person’s good qualities. To give praise is part of our love for our neighbour; to receive praise underscores our sense of our own value. To praise the Lord is to give thanks to Him, and to affirm the difference that the Lord makes in our life. Ultimately, praise is part of our faith in the Lord to lead us through this life and for eternity.

This uplifting, positive spiritual meaning of Judah does not mean that Judah (the man in the Old Testament) was without faults. He had his flaws, as everyone does, but at times Judah changed the course of events for a better outcome. It was Judah who persuaded his brothers to sell Joseph rather than kill him, and he also offered himself as a hostage for the sake of his brothers (Arcana Caelestia 4815[2]).

Chapter 15 lists very many locations in Judah’s territory. Here are just a few of the places listed, along with their meaning and spiritual significance:

Judah = “praise”
Spiritually = our worship of God

Which includes these, and many more aspects…

Zin = “flat, level ground”
Spiritually = life under God’s guidance

Kadesh Barnea = “holy wanderings”
Spiritually = becoming purified

Beth Hoglah = “house of the partridge”
Spiritually = bringing to birth

En Rogel = “water spring of the foot”
Spiritually = life in everyday activities

Jerusalem = “dwelling place of peace; wholeness”
Spiritually = our highest spiritual state

Nephtoah = “to be open”
Spiritually = to be part of all life

Timnah = “allotted portion”
Spiritually = what the Lord has created me for

Mount Hebron, which was in the territory of Judah, was given to Caleb as an inheritance because of his faithfulness to God. We read in this chapter that he conquers the giants living there, and drives them away from Mount Hebron. Caleb makes a promise that whoever takes the nearby city of Kirjath-sepher will have his daughter, Achsah, for a wife. Caleb’s brother’s son, Othniel, captures the city and marries Achsah. Caleb blesses Achsah and gives her springs of water upon her request, and he also gives Othniel a field.

The spiritual meaning of this touching story is that our spiritual life is intended to come together to be like a family (Arcana Caelestia 3020), just as Caleb, Achsah and Othniel are all close members of a family. Spiritual life is about bringing together our beliefs, our loves and affections, our intentions, and our actions. These different aspects of spiritual life become like one family where everyone – or everything – is interwoven together.

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