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3 Mose 3

German: Luther (1912)         

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1 Ist aber sein Opfer ein Dankopfer von Rindern, es sei ein Ochse oder eine Kuh, soll er eins opfern vor dem HERRN, das ohne Fehl sei.

2 Und soll seine Hand auf desselben Haupt legen und es schlachten vor der Tür der Hütte des Stifts. Und die Priester, Aarons Söhne, sollen das Blut auf den Altar umhersprengen.

3 Und er soll von dem Dankopfer dem HERRN opfern, nämlich das Fett, welches die Eingeweide bedeckt, und alles Fett am Eingeweide

4 und die zwei Nieren mit dem Fett, das daran ist, an den Lenden, und das Netz um die Leber, an den Nieren abgerissen.

5 Und Aarons Söhne sollen's anzünden auf dem Altar zum Brandopfer, auf dem Holz, das auf dem Feuer liegt. Das ist ein Feuer zum süßen Geruch dem HERRN.

6 Will er aber dem HERRN ein Dankopfer von kleinem Vieh tun, es sei ein Widder oder Schaf, so soll's ohne Fehl sein.

7 Ist's ein Lämmlein, soll er's vor den HERRN bringen

8 und soll seine Hand auf desselben Haupt legen und es schlachten vor der Hütte des Stifts. Und die Söhne Aarons sollen sein Blut auf dem Altar umhersprengen.

9 Und er soll also von dem Dankopfer dem HERRN opfern zum Feuer, nämlich sein Fett, den ganzen Schwanz, von dem Rücken abgerissen, dazu das Fett, welches das Eingeweide bedeckt, und alles Fett am Eingeweide,

10 die zwei Nieren mit dem Fett, das daran ist, an den Lenden, und das Netz um die Leber, an den Nieren abgerissen.

11 Und der Priester soll es anzünden auf dem Altar zur Speise des Feuers dem HERRN.

12 Ist aber sein Opfer eine Ziege und er bringt es vor den HERRN,

13 soll er seine Hand auf ihr Haupt legen und sie schlachten vor der Hütte des Stifts. Und die Söhne Aarons sollen das Blut auf dem Altar umhersprengen,

14 und er soll davon opfern ein Opfer dem HERRN, nämlich das Fett, welches die Eingeweide bedeckt, und alles Fett am Eingeweide,

15 die zwei Nieren mit dem Fett, das daran ist, an den Lenden, und das Netz über der Leber, an den Nieren abgerissen.

16 Und der Priester soll's anzünden auf dem Altar zur Speise des Feuers zum süßen Geruch. Alles Fett ist des HERRN.

17 Das sei eine ewige Sitte bei euren Nachkommen in allen Wohnungen, daß ihr kein Fett noch Blut esset.

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Explanation of Leviticus 3      

Napsal(a) Henry MacLagan

Verses 1-5. The subject of the entire chapter is the worship of the Lord from a state of freedom when regeneration is completed, and also occasionally during regeneration; and such worship from natural good is described

Verses 6-11. Then such worship from the good of innocence involved in charity, or love to the neighbour

Verses 12-16. And lastly, such worship from the good of faith, which is charity manifested through the understanding.

Verse 17. But in every state of the worship of the Lord, no one can appropriate either truth or good as his own independently of the Lord.

Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 2180


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcana Coelestia 353, 925, 1001, 2165, 3994, 4735, 5943, ...

Enthüllte Offenbarung 278, 379, 438, 468, 782

Die Eheliche Liebe 365

Die göttliche Vorsehung 231

Wahre Christliche Religion 706, 707

Neuen Jerusalem und seiner himmlische Lehre 221


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 167, 324, 329, 365, 504, 559, 725, ...

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Skočit na podobné biblické verše

1 Mose 4:4, 9:4

2 Mose 27:21, 28:43, 29:10, 13, 15, 19

3 Mose 1:3, 4, 5, 9, 10, 13, 17, 3:3, 16, 4:8, 10, 31, 6:15, 7:5, 11, 23, 26, 30, 36, 9:4, 10, 10:9, 16:25, 34, 17:3, 4, 5, 7, 10, 12, 14, 19:5, 26, 22:21, 23:14, 19, 24:9

4 Mose 6:14, 7:17, 18:17, 28:2

5 Mose 12:16, 24

1 Samuel 2:15

2 Chronik 29:35

Hesekiel 44:15

Apostelgeschichte 15:20

Významy biblických slov

Vor
In den meisten Fällen ist die Bedeutung von "vorher" ziemlich einfach, sowohl als eine Art der Beurteilung der relativen Zeit, als auch in der Verwendung...

ohne
'The days of the perfect' signifies the states of people who are in good and truths from good.

fehl
'Upright' signifies truth originating in charity. Truth may be derived from various origins, but what originates in the good of charity from the Lord is...

hand
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

tür
In a general sense, doors in the Bible represent the initial desires for good and concepts of truth that introduce people to new levels of...

hütte
'The tabernacle' has almost the same meaning as 'temple,' that is, in the highest sense, the Lord’s divine humanity, and in a relative sense, heaven...

Priester
Priests' represent the Lord regarding His divine good. When they do not acknowledge the Lord, they lose their signification of the Lord.

aarons
Aaron war der Bruder von Moses. Er symbolisiert zwei Dinge, zum einen während des ersten Teils des Exodus, als er Sprecher des Mose war, und...

Söhne
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

Blut
The internal meaning of “blood” is a little tricky, because Swedenborg gives two meanings that seem quite different. In most cases, Swedenborg links blood with...

Altar
Der erste im Wort erwähnte Altar wurde von Noah gebaut, nachdem er aus der Arche gekommen war. Auf diesem Altar opferte er dem Herrn reine...

Fett
'Fat things full of marrow,' signify goods.

Eingeweide
"And they came to their entrails," in Gen. 41:21, signifies interior extermination.

bedeckt
The "high mountains being covered " (Gen. 7:19) signifies that all the good things of charity were extin­guished.

zwei
The number "two" has two different meanings in the Bible. In most cases "two" indicates a joining together or unification. This is easy to see...

nieren
'The liver,' as in Exodus 29:13, signifies interior purification, and 'the caul above the liver,' the inferior good of the external or natural self.

leber
'Kidneys,' as in Exodus 29:13, signify interior truths, or truths exploring, purifying, and correcting.

Holz
In general, plants in the Bible represent facts, thoughts and ideas – intellectual things. This makes sense: Plants are rooted in place, but can grow...

feuer
Just as natural fire can be both comforting in keeping you warm or scary in burning down your house, so fire in the spiritual sense...

süßen
Sweet' signifies delightful things from the good of truth and the truth of good. Everything sweet in the natural world corresponds to delightful and pleasant...

geruch
Fragrance means the affection of truth derived from good.

Schaf
A flock, as in Genesis 26, denotes interior or rational good. A flock signifies those who are in spiritual good. A flock signifies natural interior...

Ziege
From correspondences, a goat signifies the natural man. The goat which was sacrificed, as in Leviticus 16:5-10, signifies the natural man regarding a part purified,...

Wohnungen
Habitation, as mentioned in Genesis 27:39, signifies life. The habitation of holiness signifies the celestial kingdom. The habitation of honorableness signifies the spiritual kingdom, as...

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Son      

Napsal(a) New Christian Bible Study Staff

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'A son,' as in Genesis 5:28, signifies the rise of a new church.

(Odkazy: Arcana Coelestia 526, Genesis 5:28)


'Son,' as in Genesis 24:3, signifies the Lord’s rationality regarding good.

(Odkazy: Arcana Coelestia 3024, Genesis 24:3)


'A son,' as in Genesis 30:7, signifies a general truth.

(Odkazy: Arcana Coelestia 3496, Genesis 30:7)


'A son,' in Genesis 38:4, signifies evil, and in verse 4, signifies something idolatrous.

(Odkazy: Arcana Coelestia 4823, 4825, Genesis 38:4-5)

Ze Swedenborgových děl

 

Arcana Coelestia # 5943

Arcana Coelestia (Elliott translation)      

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5943. 'And you will eat the fat of the land' means making the good there their own. This is clear from the meaning of 'eating' as being communicated, joined together, and made one's own, dealt with in 2187, 2343, 3168, 3517 (end), 3832, 4745; and from the meaning of 'the fat of the land' - of Egypt - as the good within the natural. The meaning of 'fat' as that which is celestial or good is clear from many places in the Word, not only the fat found in an animal's body but also fat obtained from other sources, such as butter and oil; and other products with any fat in them - such as milk, honeys, or resins - also mean good in the measure that they have it in them.

(Odkazy: Arcana Coelestia 3513)


[2] 'Fat' was representative of celestial good, thus of love received from the Lord, as is clear from the burnt offerings and sacrifices in these all the fat had to be burned on the altar, thereby providing 'an odour of rest to Jehovah'; and the children of Israel were forbidden because of this to eat fat. From these regulations, as from all the rest, it may be plain to see that the observances established among the Israelites were representative of celestial and spiritual realities and thus held what was holy within them. If this had not been so there would have been no Divine purpose at all behind the requirements to sacrifice all the fat of an animal, making this 'an odour of rest to Jehovah', or behind the Prohibition that forbade the eating of fat, and also of blood. It would surely be a stupid way of thinking about the Divine if one were to believe that He could take pleasure in fat or that Jehovah should make a requirement that did not conceal something deeper. Furthermore a person would be far too earthly - and bodily-minded if he had no interest at all in knowing the real meaning of such requirements; it would be a sign that he had no desire to know anything about the Word and eternal life.

[3] Regarding 'the fat' the following is stated in Moses,

You shall take all the fat covering the entrails, and the omentum over the liver, and the fat on the kidneys; and you shall burn them on the altar. Exodus 29:13, 22.

See also Leviticus 3:4-5, 9-10, 14-15; 4:8-9, 19, 26, 31, 35; 7:3-4. They were also required to sacrifice the fat on the breast, Leviticus 7:30-31. The phrase 'an odour of rest to Jehovah' occurs in the following places,

This is the bread of Jehovah's fire-offering for an odour of rest. Leviticus 3:16. The priest shall sprinkle the blood on the altar of Jehovah, and shall offer the fat for an odour of rest to Jehovah. Leviticus 17:6.

And elsewhere,

The fat of the firstborn of an ox and of a sheep must be burned on the altar as an odour of rest to Jehovah. Numbers 18:17.

'An odour of rest' means the pleasure gained from the good of love.

[4] As regards the non-eating of fat by the children of Israel, Let all the fat be for Jehovah. Therefore this is a perpetual statute throughout your generations, in all your dwelling-places: You shall not eat any fat or any blood. Leviticus 3:16-17.

And elsewhere,

Speak to the children of Israel, saying, You shall not eat any fat, neither of ox, nor sheep, nor she-goat. Everyone who eats the fat from a beast, from one offered as a fire-offering to Jehovah, that soul eating it will be cut off from his peoples. Nor shall you eat any blood Leviticus 7:23-26.

(Odkazy: Leviticus 7:23, 7:25-26)


[5] Burnt offerings and sacrifices were the main form taken by Divine worship among those people, 923, 2180. For this reason worship is meant by 'burnt offerings and sacrifices' in general, while the essential nature of worship is meant by what was offered in sacrifice and by the whole procedure followed then. 'The fat and the burning of it' meant the very Divine celestial itself, namely the good of love received from the Lord, as may also be seen in the following places: In Isaiah,

Jacob, you have not bought Me [sweet] cane with silver, and you have not satisfied Me with the fat of your sacrifices; you have wearied Me so much with your sins. 1 Isaiah 47:24.

'You have not bought [sweet] cane with silver' stands for, You have not acquired the truths of faith for yourself; and 'you have not satisfied Me with the fat of sacrifices' stands for, Nor [have you offered] the good of love.

(Odkazy: Isaiah 43:24)


[6] In David,

I will offer You burnt offerings of fat ones, with the incense of rams. Psalms 66:15.

'Burnt offerings of fat ones' stands for worship fired by love. In Moses,

When it will be said, Where are their gods, the rock in which they trusted, who ate the fat of their sacrifices, [who] drank the wine of their drink-offering? Deuteronomy 32:37-38.

This would have been said by gentiles who imagined that the gods were fed especially by such offerings. They were totally unaware of the fact that 'the fat of sacrifices' was what was celestial, or the good of love, within worship, and that 'the wine of a drink-offering' was the truth of faith derived from that good. These offerings, when they were made, stirred the affections of the angels and were therefore prescribed so that through representatives and correspondences heaven might be near to man.

[7] In David,

Jehovah will remember all your offerings, and will make your burnt offering fat. Psalms 20:3.

'Making a burnt offering fat' stands for making worship good. In Isaiah,

Jehovah Zebaoth will make for all peoples on this mountain a feast of fat things, a feast of lees, 2 of fat things full of marrow, of sedimentary lees. 3 He will swallow up death for ever, and the Lord Jehovah will wipe away tears from upon all faces. Isaiah 25:6, 8.

'A feast' stands for heaven and being joined to angels there through love and charity, 3596, 3832, 5161, 'fat things' being forms of the good of love and charity. In the same prophet,

Why do you spend money on that which is not bread, and your labour on that which does not satisfy? Attend diligently to Me and eat what is good, that your soul may delight itself in fatness. Isaiah 55:2.

[8] In Jeremiah,

I will turn their mourning into joy, and will comfort them, and will give them gladness instead of their sorrow. And I will fill the soul of the priests with fat, and My people will be satisfied with My goodness. Jeremiah 31:13-14.

'Fat' plainly stands for what is good, for it is said that 'the soul will be satisfied' with it and it is referred to as 'Jehovah's goodness', meaning nothing else than what is celestial, which is received from Him. In David,

My soul will be satisfied as with fatness and fat, and my mouth will praise You with joyful lips. 4 Psalms 63:5.

Here the meaning is similar. In the same author,

You have crowned the year of Your goodness, and Your tracks drip with fatness. Psalms 65:11

In the same author,

The sons of man put their trust in the shadow of Your wings. They will be filled with the fat of Your house, and You give them drink from the river of Your delights. Psalms 36:7-8.

In Isaiah,

Then Jehovah will give rain for your seed with which you will sow the land, and bread of the produce of the earth; and there will be fatness and wealthiness. Isaiah 30:23.

[9] In John,

All things fat and splendid have gone away, and you will find them no more. Revelation 18:14.

This refers to Babylon. 'All things fat and splendid have gone away' stands for the departure of all forms of the good of love and truth of faith. In Moses,

He caused him to suck honey out of the crag and oil out of the stony rock - butter from the herd, and milk from the flock, with the fat of lambs and of rams, the breed 5 of Bashan, and of goats, with the kidney-fat of wheat; and of the blood of the grape you drink unmixed wine. Deuteronomy 32:13-14.

This refers to the spiritual Ancient Church, whose various kinds of good - meant by 'honey', 'oil', 'butter', 'milk', and 'fat' - are enumerated.

[10] Because 'fat' meant good, the word was also applied to the kinds of things that had no fat in them but nevertheless had good as their meaning, so that 'fat' and 'good' were so to speak one and the same. An example of this is the fat of wheat in the verses quoted immediately above, and similarly in David,

I would feed them with the fat of wheat. Psalms 81:16.

And elsewhere,

He is the one who makes peace your border, and with the fat of wheat He satisfies you. Psalms 147:14.

Also in Moses,

Because all the fat of the pure oil, and all the fat of the new wine and of the grain, which were the first fruits, were Jehovah's, they were given to Aaron. Numbers 18:12.

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Footnotes:

1. literally, so much have you made Me serve through your sins

2. i.e. sweet wines

3. i.e. well-refined, very mature wines

4. literally, lips of songs

5. literally, sons

-----

(Odkazy: Genesis 45:18)

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Ze Swedenborgových prací

Odkazy z vydaných prací:

Arcana Coelestia 6409, 9299, 9391, 10029, 10033

The New Jerusalem and its Heavenly Doctrine 121


Odkazy z nepublikovaných prací E. Swedenborga:

Apocalypse Explained 167, 252, 329, 365


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Thanks to the Swedenborg Society for the permission to use this translation.


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