3 Mose 3

Lutherbibel (1912)         

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1 Ist aber sein Opfer ein Dankopfer von Rindern, es sei ein Ochse oder eine Kuh, soll er eins opfern vor dem HERRN, das ohne Fehl sei.

2 Und soll seine Hand auf desselben Haupt legen und es schlachten vor der Tür der Hütte des Stifts. Und die Priester, Aarons Söhne, sollen das Blut auf den Altar umhersprengen.

3 Und er soll von dem Dankopfer dem HERRN opfern, nämlich das Fett, welches die Eingeweide bedeckt, und alles Fett am Eingeweide

4 und die zwei Nieren mit dem Fett, das daran ist, an den Lenden, und das Netz um die Leber, an den Nieren abgerissen.

5 Und Aarons Söhne sollen's anzünden auf dem Altar zum Brandopfer, auf dem Holz, das auf dem Feuer liegt. Das ist ein Feuer zum süßen Geruch dem HERRN.

6 Will er aber dem HERRN ein Dankopfer von kleinem Vieh tun, es sei ein Widder oder Schaf, so soll's ohne Fehl sein.

7 Ist's ein Lämmlein, soll er's vor den HERRN bringen

8 und soll seine Hand auf desselben Haupt legen und es schlachten vor der Hütte des Stifts. Und die Söhne Aarons sollen sein Blut auf dem Altar umhersprengen.

9 Und er soll also von dem Dankopfer dem HERRN opfern zum Feuer, nämlich sein Fett, den ganzen Schwanz, von dem Rücken abgerissen, dazu das Fett, welches das Eingeweide bedeckt, und alles Fett am Eingeweide,

10 die zwei Nieren mit dem Fett, das daran ist, an den Lenden, und das Netz um die Leber, an den Nieren abgerissen.

11 Und der Priester soll es anzünden auf dem Altar zur Speise des Feuers dem HERRN.

12 Ist aber sein Opfer eine Ziege und er bringt es vor den HERRN,

13 soll er seine Hand auf ihr Haupt legen und sie schlachten vor der Hütte des Stifts. Und die Söhne Aarons sollen das Blut auf dem Altar umhersprengen,

14 und er soll davon opfern ein Opfer dem HERRN, nämlich das Fett, welches die Eingeweide bedeckt, und alles Fett am Eingeweide,

15 die zwei Nieren mit dem Fett, das daran ist, an den Lenden, und das Netz über der Leber, an den Nieren abgerissen.

16 Und der Priester soll's anzünden auf dem Altar zur Speise des Feuers zum süßen Geruch. Alles Fett ist des HERRN.

17 Das sei eine ewige Sitte bei euren Nachkommen in allen Wohnungen, daß ihr kein Fett noch Blut esset.

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Explanation of Leviticus 3      

Napsal(a) Henry MacLagan

Verses 1-5. The subject of the entire chapter is the worship of the Lord from a state of freedom when regeneration is completed, and also occasionally during regeneration; and such worship from natural good is described

Verses 6-11. Then such worship from the good of innocence involved in charity, or love to the neighbour

Verses 12-16. And lastly, such worship from the good of faith, which is charity manifested through the understanding.

Verse 17. But in every state of the worship of the Lord, no one can appropriate either truth or good as his own independently of the Lord.


Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 2180

Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcana Coelestia 353, 925, 1001, 2165, 3994, 4735, 5943, ...

Enthüllte Offenbarung 278, 379, 438, 468, 782

Die Eheliche Liebe 365

Die göttliche Vorsehung 231

Wahre Christliche Religion 706, 707

Neuen Jerusalem und seiner himmlische Lehre 221

Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 167, 324, 329, 365, 504, 559, 725, ...

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1 Mose 4:4, 9:4

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3 Mose 1:3, 4, 5, 9, 10, 13, 17, 3:3, 16, 4:8, 10, 31, 6:15, 7:5, 11, 23, 26, 30, 36, 9:4, 10, 10:9, 16:25, 34, 17:3, 4, 5, 7, 10, 12, 14, 19:5, 26, 22:21, 23:14, 19, 24:9

4 Mose 6:14, 7:17, 18:17, 28:2

5 Mose 12:16, 24

1 Samuel 2:15

2 Chronik 29:35

Hesekiel 44:15

Apostelgeschichte 15:20

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Napsal(a) New Christian Bible Study Staff

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'A son,' as in Genesis 5:28, signifies the rise of a new church.

(Odkazy: Arcana Coelestia 526, Genesis 5:28)

'Son,' as in Genesis 24:3, signifies the Lord’s rationality regarding good.

(Odkazy: Arcana Coelestia 3024, Genesis 24:3)

'A son,' as in Genesis 30:7, signifies a general truth.

(Odkazy: Arcana Coelestia 3496, Genesis 30:7)

'A son,' in Genesis 38:4, signifies evil, and in verse 4, signifies something idolatrous.

(Odkazy: Arcana Coelestia 4823, 4825, Genesis 38:4-5)

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Arcana Coelestia # 3024

Arcana Coelestia (Elliott translation)      

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3024.'That you do not take a wife for my son from the daughters of the Canaanites' means that the Divine Rational should not be joined to any affection incompatible with truth. This is clear from the meaning of 'taking a woman' as being joined by means of the marriage covenant; from the meaning of 'my son', namely Isaac, as the Lord's Divine Rational, dealt with in 1893, 2066, 2083, 2630; from the meaning of 'daughters' as affections, dealt with in 489-491, 568, 2362; and from the meaning of 'the Canaanites' as evil, dealt with in 1444, 1573, 1574. Consequently 'the daughters of the Canaanites' are affections incompatible with truth. The subject here is Divine truth which was to be allied to the Divine good of the Lord's Rational, as may be seen in 3013 under 'Contents'. 'A woman' who was to be associated by means of a marriage covenant is used to mean that truth itself which is summoned from the natural man in the normal manner. 'My son' is used to mean the Lord's Rational as regards the good with which it was to be allied or associated. From this one may recognize that the command not to take a wife for his son from the daughters of the Canaanites means that the Divine Rational should not be joined to any affection incompatible with truth. All joining of truth to good is effected by means of affection, for no truth ever enters the rational part of a person's mind or is joined to it except by means of affection, for affection has within it the good that flows from love, which good alone effects the joining together, 1895, as also anyone may know who stops to reflect on it.

(Odkazy: Arcana Coelestia 1573-1574)

[2] As regards 'the daughters of the Canaanites' meaning affections incompatible with truth, that is, affections for what is false, this becomes clear from the meaning of 'daughters'. For the noun 'daughters' occurs in many places in the Word, and in these anyone may see that it is not used to mean daughters. By such expressions as 'the daughter of Zion', 'the daughter of Jerusalem', 'the daughter of Tarshish', 'the daughter of My people', affections for good and truth are meant, as shown in the paragraphs referred to above. And since affections for good and truth are meant so also are Churches, for Churches are Churches by virtue of these affections. Consequently 'the daughter of Zion' means the celestial Church, and means this by virtue of the affection for good, whereas 'the daughter of Jerusalem' means the spiritual Church from the affection for truth, 2362. And it is the same with 'the daughter of My people' in Isaiah 22:4; Jeremiah 6:14, 26; 8:19, 21-22; 9:1; 14:17; Lamentations 2:11; 4:6; Ezekiel 13:17.

[3] This shows what is meant by the daughters of the nations, such as by the daughters of the Philistines, the daughters of Egypt, the daughters of Tyre and Sidon, the daughters of Edom, the daughters of Moab, the daughters of the Chaldeans and Babel, and the daughters of Sodom. They mean affections for evil and falsity, from which their varieties of religion sprang, and so mean those varieties themselves. That this is the meaning of 'daughters' becomes clear from the following places: In Ezekiel,

The daughters of the nations will lament over Egypt. Wail over the multitude of Egypt, and send her down, her and the daughters of majestic nations, to the lower earth, together with those who go down to the pit. Ezekiel 32:16, 18.

'The daughters of majestic nations' stands for affections for evil. In Samuel,

Tell it not in Gath; publish it not in the streets of Ashkelon, lest the daughters of the Philistines rejoice, lest the daughters of the uncircumcised exult. 2 Samuel 1:20.

In Ezekiel,

You committed whoredom with the sons of Egypt. I delivered you to those who hated you, the daughters of the Philistines. Before your badness was revealed, as at the time of the reproach of the daughters of Syria, and of all round about her, the daughters of the Philistines who despise you from round about. Ezekiel 16:26-27, 57.

Anyone may see that not daughters were meant here but the varieties of religion among such people as are meant by the Philistines - those who speak repeatedly of faith yet do not at all pursue the life taught by faith, see 1197, 1198. This also explains why they are called 'the uncircumcised', that is, devoid of charity.

(Odkazy: Arcana Coelestia 1197-1198)

[4] In Jeremiah,

Go up to Gilead and take balm, O virgin daughter of Egypt! Make for yourself vessels of migration, O inhabitant daughter of Egypt. The daughter of Egypt has been put to shame; she has been delivered into the hand of the people from the north. Jeremiah 46:11, 19, 24.

'The daughter of Egypt' stands for the affection for reasoning from facts about whether truths of faith really are true, and so stands for the variety of religion which springs from this, the nature of which is to believe nothing except that grasped by the senses, and so to believe nothing of the truth of faith, see 215, 232, 233, 1164, 1165, 1186, 1385, 2196, 2203, 2209, 2568, 2588. In Isaiah,

He said, You will no more exult, O oppressed virgin daughter of Sidon. Isaiah 23:12.

In David,

The daughter of Tyre with an offering, the rich of the people will entreat your face. Psalms 45:12.

What 'the daughter of Sidon' and 'the daughter of Tyre' mean is evident from the meaning of Sidon and Tyre, dealt with in 1201. In Jeremiah,

Rejoice and be glad, O daughter of Edom. Your iniquity, O daughter of Zion, is at an end. He will no more cause you to migrate; your iniquity will be punished, O daughter of Edom. Lamentations 4:21-22.

In Isaiah,

Like a wandering bird, a scattered nest, will the daughters of Moab be. Isaiah 16:2.

In the same prophet,

Come down and sit on the dust, O virgin daughter of Babel; sit on the ground without a throne, O daughter of the Chaldeans. Sit quietly and go into darkness, O daughter of the Chaldeans, for no more will they call you the mistress of kingdoms. Isaiah 47:1, 5.

In Jeremiah,

A people coming from the north, arrayed as a man for war against you, O daughter of Babel. Jeremiah 50:41-42.

In the same prophet,

The daughter of Babel is like the threshing-floor; it is time to thresh her. Jeremiah 51:33

In Zechariah,

Ho, Zion! escape, you who dwell with the daughter of Babel. Zechariah 2:7.

In David,

The daughter of Babel has been laid waste. Psalms 137:8.

In Ezekiel,

Your sisters, Sodom and her daughters will return to their condition as of old, and Samaria and her daughters will return to their condition as of old. Ezekiel 16:55.

(Odkazy: Arcana Coelestia 232-233, 1164-1165)

[5] Anyone may see that in these places 'daughters' is not used to mean daughters but affections incompatible with truth, and so the varieties of religion that spring from them. But which particular varieties they are is evident from the meaning of those peoples - from the meaning of Edom, Moab, the Chaldeans, Babel, Sodom, Samaria, all of which have been dealt with in various places in the explanations to previous chapters of Genesis. From this what is meant in the present chapter by 'the daughters of the Canaanites' becomes clear.

[6] This command not to contract marriages with the daughters of the Canaanites also had regard to the spiritual requirements that good should not be joined to falsity, nor evil to truth, for the result of any such joining together is profanation. The prohibition was also a representative of the matter referred to in Deuteronomy 7:3, and in Malachi,

Judah has profaned the holiness of Jehovah, in that he loved and married the daughter of a foreign god. Malachi 2:11.

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Odkazy z vydaných prací:

Arcana Coelestia 3027, 3030, 3072, 3095, 3103, 3662, 3665, 3939, 3956, 4429, 4444, 4782, 4818, 6432, 6729, 8890, 8904, 8982, 9001, 9942

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Thanks to the Swedenborg Society for the permission to use this translation.