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Jona 4

German: Luther (1912)         

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1 Das verdroß Jona gar sehr, und er ward zornig

2 und betete zum HERRN und sprach: Ach HERR, das ist's, was ich sagte, da ich noch in meinem Lande war; darum ich auch wollte zuvorkommen, zu fliehen gen Tharsis; denn ich weiß, daß du gnädig, barmherzig, langmütig und von großer Güte bist und läßt dich des Übels reuen.

3 So nimm doch nun, HERR, meine Seele von mir; denn ich wollte lieber tot sein als leben.

4 Aber der HERR sprach: Meinst du, daß du billig zürnst?

5 Und Jona ging zur Stadt hinaus und setzte sich morgenwärts von der Stadt und machte sich daselbst eine Hütte; darunter setzte er sich in den Schatten, bis er sähe, was der Stadt widerfahren würde.

6 Gott der HERR aber verschaffte einen Rizinus, der wuchs über Jona, daß er Schatten gäbe über sein Haupt und errettete ihn von seinem Übel; und Jona freute sich sehr über den Rizinus.

7 Aber Gott verschaffte einen Wurm des Morgens, da die Morgenröte anbrach; der stach den Rizinus, daß er verdorrte.

8 Als aber die Sonne aufgegangen war, verschaffte Gott einen dürren Ostwind; und die Sonne stach Jona auf den Kopf, daß er matt ward. Da wünschte er seiner Seele den Tod und sprach: Ich wollte lieber tot sein als leben.

9 Da sprach Gott zu Jona: Meinst du, daß du billig zürnst um den Rizinus? Und er sprach: Billig zürne ich bis an den Tod.

10 Und der HERR sprach: Dich jammert des Rizinus, daran du nicht gearbeitet hast, hast ihn auch nicht aufgezogen, welcher in einer Nacht ward und in einer Nacht verdarb;

11 und mich sollte nicht jammern Ninives, solcher großen Stadt, in welcher sind mehr denn hundert und zwanzigtausend Menschen, die nicht wissen Unterschied, was rechts oder links ist, dazu auch viele Tiere?

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Exploring the Meaning of Jonah 4      

By Joe David

In this fourth chapter of the Book of Jonah, (Jonah 4), the prophet Jonah has a strange reaction to his success. He's angry, and sulky. He thinks he knows better than God does. What is this story about?

Rev. George McCurdy, in his exegesis of this chapter, offers a summary in his Study Guide for the Book of Jonah, which is available for free as a .pdf, for your use. Below, we've excerpted part of his summary, and edited it for use in this context.

The people of the Jewish church in Jonah's time didn't want to reconsider their belief in their "most-favored-nation status." They challenged the Lord. They couldn't understand why He wanted to save their enemies in Nineveh.

Despite the hard lessons in chapters 1 and 2, and his success as described in chapter 3, Jonah still thought he knew better than the Lord. He thought that God was being too soft and loving -- too forgiving -- and that He needed to come around to Jonah’s tougher view.

Jonah got so angry and vengeful that he preferred to die rather than approve of the Lord’s way to save the Ninevites. His self-love wanted shade -- protection for its concepts. The Lord needed to bring such thinking to an end; the worm brought about death to the gourd from within. The Lord then sent a vehement east wind, that represents a blowing away of the stagnant thinking of the church.

The Lord's heavenly sun shone upon Jonah, but he felt faint. Here, Jonah's insistence on his own troubling view of things made him uncomfortable with the Lord’s view. The Divine guidance offered him a way to learn to enjoy the success of his neighbors as his own, but he wouldn't take it.

For us, then -- what? This story is telling us that we can't just keep the truths of the Word for ourselves; we have to go to Nineveh and share them. And then, if people start to hear them, and use them to turn their lives around, we can't allow ourselves to get resentful that the Lord accepts their repentance and forgives them. It's a very human reaction; think of the disciples vying to be first in the Lord's command structure (Luke 9:46), or the brother of the prodigal son (Luke 15:28-29), or the workers in the vineyard who had worked all day for a denarius (Matthew 20:10-12). But... it's not a good reaction. The Lord doesn't admire it in Jonah, and doesn't admire it when it crops up in our minds, either.

Rev. Martin Pennington recommends several explanatory passages from Swedenborg's theological writings:

"Shade or shadow means the perception of good and truth lies in obscurity." (Arcana Coelestia 2367)

"A vine is spiritual good (the spiritual church)". (Arcana Coelestia 217)

"A worm represents falsity gnawing away and tormenting one." (Arcana Coelestia 8481)

"'And the sun grew hot' in the contrary sense means self-love and love of the world." (Arcana Coelestia 8487)

And... here's a link to an interesting (audio) sermon on this chapter, by Rev. Todd Beiswenger.

Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

der Propheten und der Psalmen Davids 214


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcana Coelestia 10441

Die Lehre des neuen Jerusalem von der Heiligen Schrift 51

Wahre Christliche Religion 226


References from Swedenborg's unpublished works:

Apocalypse Explained 401, 419

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Word/Phrase Explanations

Jona
'Jonah' represents the Jewish nation.

Herr
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

sprach
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

fliehen
Flight, as in Matthew 14:20, signifies removal from a state of the good of love and innocence. Flight, as in Mark 8:18, signifies the last...

weiß
Like so many common verbs, the meaning of "know" in the Bible is varied and dependent on context. And in some cases – when it...

güte
In regular language, "mercy" means being caring and compassionate toward those who are in poor states. That's a position we are all in relative to...

Seele
The nature of the soul is a deep and complicated topic, but it can be summarized as "spiritual life," who we are in terms of...

Leben
'Lives' is used in the plural, because of the will and understanding, and because these two lives make one.

stadt
Cities of the mountain and cities of the plain (Jer. 33:13) signify doctrines of charity and faith.

schatten
'The shadow is good' of the oak, poplar and elm means complacence.

gott
The Lord is love itself, expressed in the form of wisdom itself. Love, then, is His essence, His inmost. Wisdom - the loving understanding of...

freute sich
To make glad signifies influx and reception from joy of heart.

Wurm
'A worm' denotes falsity of evil in the good derived from the proprium or selfhood. 'That dies not,' denotes infernal torment related to falsity. 'Worm'...

Sonne
The 'sun' signifies celestial and spiritual love. The 'sun' in the Word, when referring to the Lord, signifies His divine love and wisdom. Because the...

Kopf
The head is the part of us that is highest, which means in a representative sense that it is what is closest to the Lord....

tot
Dead (Gen. 23:8) signifies night, in respect to the goodnesses and truths of faith.

hundert
It's a landmark for a young child to count to 100; it sort of covers all the "ordinary" numbers. One hundred is obviously significant for...

viele
Intellectual things – ideas, knowledge, facts, even insight and understanding – are more separate and free-standing than emotional things, and it’s easier to imagine numbering...

Tiere
"Beasts" represent the affection for doing good things, a true desire to do them from the heart. In the negative sense, "beasts" stand for the...

Resources for parents and teachers

The items listed here are provided courtesy of our friends at the General Church of the New Jerusalem. You can search/browse their whole library by following this link.


 Jonah
Article | Ages 15 - 17

 Jonah
Lesson outline provides teaching ideas with questions for discussion, projects, and activities.
Sunday School Lesson | Ages 7 - 10

 Jonah and the Gourd
A New Church Bible story explanation for teaching Sunday school. Includes lesson materials for Primary (3-8 years), Junior (9-11 years), Intermediate (12-14 years), Senior (15-17 years) and Adults.
Teaching Support | Ages over 3

 Jonah and the Gourd (3-5 years)
Project | Ages 4 - 6

 Jonah and the Gourd (6-8 years)
Project | Ages 7 - 10

 Jonah and the Gourd (9-11 years)
Project | Ages 11 - 14

 Jonah and the Great Fish
A lesson for younger children with discussion ideas and a project.
Sunday School Lesson | Ages 4 - 6

 Jonah Goes to Nineveh
Worship Talk | Ages 7 - 14

 The Prophet Jonah
This article shows how the Lord tried to teach Jonah to be merciful and kind when Jonah disobeyed the Lord because of his hatred toward the Assyrians. 
Worship Talk | Ages 7 - 14

Bible

 

Lukas 15:28

German: Luther (1912)         

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28 Da ward er zornig und wollte nicht hineingehen. Da ging sein Vater heraus und bat ihn.

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Swedenborg

Výklad(a) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:


References from Swedenborg's unpublished works:

Scriptural Confirmations 13, 82

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Hop to Similar Bible Verses

Jona 4:4, 9

Resources for parents and teachers

The items listed here are provided courtesy of our friends at the General Church of the New Jerusalem. You can search/browse their whole library by following this link.


 Coming Home
Worship Talk | Ages over 18

 Does the Lord Forgive?
Lesson and activities looking at the Lord's love and mercy in forgiving us.
Religion Lesson | Ages over 15

 Dramatize the Parable of the Prodigal Son
While a teacher or parent reads the story from Luke 15:11-32, others can dramatize the story. Suggests props and preparation for the dramatization.
Activity | Ages 4 - 17

 Family Worship: The Prodigal Son
Religion Lesson | All Ages

 For Reflection: The Prodigal Son and His Brother
When do we identify with older brother rather than the prodigal son?
Activity | Ages over 15

 Getting A Second Chance
Spiritual tasks offer a reflection on a Biblical story and suggest a task for spiritual growth.
Activity | Ages over 18

 Guardian Angels
Worship Talk | Ages over 18

 Imagine the Lord's Joy!
 Picture the Lord's joy each time we take a step toward heaven. 
Activity | Ages over 15

 Little Lost Lamb (song lyrics with hand motions)
Song | Ages up to 10

 Lost Sheep
Activity | Ages over 18

 Overview of Hands of Love Levels A B C for ages 3-14
Overview of the Youth Journey Program Hands of Love Inherit the Kingdom, Levels A, B and C, for ages 3-14 for Sunday schools, camps, classrooms and families.
Sunday School Lesson | Ages 3 - 14

 Overview of Sunday School Projects and Activities to accompany the Journey program Practicing Forgiveness
Overview of a book of Activities and Projects to accompany the Journey program Practicing Forgiveness. Includes activities for five stories on forgiveness for ages 3-14.
Sunday School Lesson | Ages 3 - 14

 Picture the Prodigal Son and His Father
This project helps children retell the story while moving the father and son toward each other. 
Project | Ages 4 - 10

 Prayers for Children: The Good Shepherd
Activity | Ages 7 - 14

 Prayers for Teens and Adults: The Good Shepherd
Activity | Ages 15 - 17

 Quotes: The Lord Loves Everyone
Teaching Support | Ages over 15

 Remember the Sabbath
Worship Talk | Ages 7 - 14

 Repentance
Article | Ages 15 - 17

 Son Feeding Swine
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

 The Bottom Line
Spiritual tasks offer a reflection on a Biblical story and suggest a task for spiritual growth.
Activity | Ages over 18

 The Good Shepherd
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

 The Little Lost Lamb (sheet music)
Song for children about the man who searched for the little lost lamb . Sheet music with lyrics and guitar chords.
Song | Ages 4 - 14

 The Lord Is Mercy Itself
What is the true nature and quality of the Lord?
Worship Talk | Ages over 18

 The Lord Is Our Shepherd
A lesson for younger children with discussion ideas and a project.
Sunday School Lesson | Ages 4 - 6

 The Lost Son
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

 The Parable of the Lost Sheep
This lesson discusses a story from the Word and suggests projects and activities for young children.
Sunday School Lesson | Ages 4 - 6

 The Parable of the Prodigal Son
Lesson outline provides teaching ideas with questions for discussion, projects, and activities.
Sunday School Lesson | Ages 7 - 10

 The Parable of the Prodigal Son Retold
Retelling of the parable of the prodigal son with some teaching ideas.
Story | Ages 4 - 8

 The Prodigal Son
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

 The Prodigal Son
A New Church Bible story explanation for teaching Sunday school. Includes lesson materials for Primary (3-8 years), Junior (9-11 years), Intermediate (12-14 years), Senior (15-17 years) and Adults.
Teaching Support | Ages over 3

 The Prodigal Son
If we stop doing a wrong thing, the Lord will always forgive us and help us make a new start.
Worship Talk | Ages 7 - 14

 The Prodigal Son
The story of the prodigal son is the personal story of our rebirth and regeneration.
Worship Talk | Ages over 18

 The Prodigal Son
This lesson discusses a story from the Word and suggests projects and activities for young children.
Sunday School Lesson | Ages 4 - 6

 The Shepherd Rescuing His Sheep
Project | Ages 11 - 17


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