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Mica 3

German: Luther (1545)         

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1 Und ich sprach: Höret doch, ihr Häupter im Hause Jakob und ihr Fürsten im Hause Israel! Ihr solltet es billig sein, die das Recht wüßten.

2 Aber ihr hasset das Gute und liebet das Arge; ihr schindet ihnen die Haut ab und das Fleisch von ihren Beinen

3 und fresset das Fleisch meines Volks; und wenn ihr ihnen die Haut abgezogen habt, zerbrecht ihr ihnen auch die Beine und zerleget es wie in einen Topf und wie Fleisch in einen Kessel.

4 Darum wenn ihr nun zum HERRN schreien werdet, wird er euch nicht erhören, sondern wird sein Angesicht vor euch verbergen zur selbigen Zeit, wie ihr mit eurem bösen Wesen verdienet habt.

5 So spricht der HERR wider die Propheten, so mein Volk verführen: Sie predigen, es solle wohlgehen, wo man ihnen zu fressen gebe; wo man ihnen aber nichts ins Maul gibt, da predigen sie, es müsse ein Krieg kommen.

6 Darum soll euer Gesicht zur Nacht und euer Wahrsagen zur Finsternis werden. Die Sonne soll über den Propheten untergehen und der Tag über ihnen finster werden.

7 Und die Schauer sollen zuschanden und die Wahrsager zu Spott werden, und müssen ihr Maul alle verhüllen, weil da kein Gotteswort sein wird.

8 Ich aber bin voll Kraft und Geistes des HERRN, voll Rechts und Stärke, daß ich Jakob sein Übertreten und Israel seine Sünde anzeigen darf.

9 So höret doch dies, ihr Häupter im Hause Jakob und ihr Fürsten im Hause Israel, die ihr das Recht verschmähet und alles, was aufrichtig ist, verkehret,

10 die ihr Zion mit Blut bauet und Jerusalem mit Unrecht.

11 Ihre Häupter richten um Geschenke, ihre Priester lehren um Lohn, und ihre Propheten wahrsagen um Geld, verlassen sich auf den HERRN und sprechen: Ist nicht der HERR unter uns? Es kann kein Unglück über uns kommen.

12 Darum wird Zion um euretwillen wie ein Feld zerpflüget und Jerusalem zum Steinhaufen und der Berg des Tempels zu einer wilden Höhe werden.

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Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

der Propheten und der Psalmen Davids 217


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcana Coelestia 368, 2353, 3693, 3812, 4281, 5585, 5895, ...

Apocalypse Revealed 8, 53, 312, 435, 612, 939


References from Swedenborg's unpublished works:

Apocalypse Explained 183, 372, 401, 412, 556, 624, 850

Scriptural Confirmations 4, 57

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Word/Phrase Explanations

sprach
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

Hause
A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

jakob
Jacob is told twice that his name will now be Israel. The first time is when he wrestles with an angel on his journey to...

israel
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

Haut
'Skin' corresponds to truth or to falsity in the extremes. 'The skin,' as relates to the grand human, means the natural self. There are spirits...

Fleisch
Flesh has several meanings just in its most obvious form. It can mean all living creatures as when the Lord talks about the flood "destroying...

Topf
There is an interesting relationship between facts and truth. It's necessary to have facts if we want to know the truth, but facts on their...

Vor
In most cases, the meaning of "before" is pretty straightforward, both as a way of assessing relative time, and in its use meaning "in someone's...

Zeit
Time is an aspect of the physical world, but according to Swedenborg is not an aspect of the spiritual world. The same is true of...

Herr
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

Propheten
The idea of a "prophet" is very closely tied to the idea of the Bible itself, since the Bible was largely written by prophets. At...

gibt
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

Krieg
War in the Word represents the combat of temptation when what is good is assaulted by what is evil or false. The evil that attacks...

Nacht
The sun in the Bible represents the Lord, with its heat representing His love and its light representing His wisdom. “Daytime,” then, represents a state...

Sonne
The 'sun' signifies celestial and spiritual love. The 'sun' in the Word, when referring to the Lord, signifies His divine love and wisdom. Because the...

Tag
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

Voll
'To satiate' relates to the extent of a person's will, for good or evil.

übertreten
In the Word three terms are used to mean bad things that are done. These three are transgression, iniquity, and sin, and they are here...

aufrichtig
He is said to be 'just' in a spiritual sense, who lives according to divine laws. They on the right hand being called 'just,' as...

Blut
Bloods signify evil, in Ezek. 16:9.

jerusalem
Jerusalem first comes to or attention in II Samuel, chapter 5 where King David takes it from the Jebusites and makes it his capital. In...

Priester
Priests' represent the Lord regarding His divine good. When they do not acknowledge the Lord, they lose their signification of the Lord.

Geld
'Silver,' in the internal sense of the Word, signifies truth, but also falsity. 'Silver' means the truth of faith, or the truth acquired from selfhood,...

uns
Angels do give us guidance, but they are mere helpers; the Lord alone governs us, through angels and spirits. Since angels have their assisting role,...

Kommen
Coming (Gen. 41:14) denotes communication by influx.

Feld
When we have a desire to be good people and to do good things, the natural first questions are "What does that mean?" "What should...

Berg
'Hills' signify the good of charity.

Ze Swedenborgových děl

 

Apocalypse Explained # 372

Apocalypse Explained (Whitehead translation)      

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372. And behold, a black horse, signifies the understanding of the Word destroyed in respect to truth. This is evident from the signification of "horse," as being the understanding (see above, n. 355; also from the signification of "black," as being what is not true; thus "a black horse" signifies the understanding destroyed in respect to truth. "Black" signifies what is not true, because "white" signifies what is true. That "white" is predicated of truth and signifies it, may be seen above n. 196. "White" is predicated of truth and signifies it, because white has its origin in the brightness of light, and "light" signifies truth; and "black" is predicated of what is not true and signifies it, because black has its origin in darkness, that is, from the privation of light; and because darkness exists from the privation of light it signifies the ignorance of truth. That "a black horse" here signifies the understanding of the Word destroyed in respect to truth, is evident from the signification of "the red horse" (treated of above), as being the understanding destroyed in respect to good. Moreover, in the church, in process of time, good first perishes and afterwards truth, and at length evil succeeds in place of good, and falsity in place of truth. This last state of the church is meant by "the pale horse" (of which presently).

(Odkazy: Revelation 6:5; The Apocalypse Explained 196, 355)


[2] That "black" signifies what is not true is evident also from other passages in the Word, where it is mentioned. As in Micah:

It shall be night unto you for vision; and darkness shall arise to you for divination; and the sun shall go down over the prophets, and the day shall grow black over them (Micah 3:6).

The "prophets" here treated of signify those who are in the truths of doctrine, and in a sense abstracted from persons, the truths of doctrine; that those meant by "prophets" would see evils and would divine falsities is signified by "it shall be night unto you for vision, and darkness shall arise to you for divination;" that they would know neither good nor truth is signified by "the sun shall go down over the prophets, and the day shall grow black over them;" "sun" signifying the good of love, and day" the truth of faith, and "to grow black" signifying not seen or known.

[3] In Ezekiel:

But when I shall have extinguished thee, I will cover the heavens, and make the stars thereof dark; I will cover the sun with a cloud, and the moon shall not make her light to shine (Ezekiel 32:7).

This is said of Pharaoh king of Egypt, by whom is signified the knowing faculty applied to falsities, which is done when the natural man from things known enters into things spiritual instead of the reverse; because this is contrary to order, falsities are seized upon and confirmed as truths; that then nothing flows in from heaven is signified by "I will cover the heavens;" and that there are then no knowledges of truth is signified by "I will make the stars thereof dark," "stars" meaning knowledges of truth; that there is consequently no good of love nor truth of faith is signified by "I will cover the sun with a cloud, and the moon shall not make her light to shine," "sun" signifying the good of love, and "moon" the truth of faith. (That this is the signification of "sun" and "moon," see Heaven and Hell 116-125.)

"Sun," "moon," and "stars," have a like signification in Joel:

The earth was moved before him; the heavens trembled; the sun and moon were blackened, and the stars withdrew their shining (Joel 2:10; 3:15).

Likewise in Revelation:

The sun became black as sackcloth of hair, and the moon became as blood (Revelation 6:12).

What these things signify in particular will be seen in what follows.

[4] In Ezekiel:

In the day when he shall go down into hell, and I will cover the abyss over him, and I will withhold the rivers thereof, that the great waters may be held back, and I will make Lebanon black for him, and all the trees of the field shall faint for him (Ezekiel 31:15).

This is said of "Assyria," which is here compared to a cedar. "Assyria" here signifies reasoning about the truths of the church from self-intelligence, and "cedar" the truth of the spiritual church; that by such reasoning all knowledges of truth, and with them all truths that savor of good and have their essence from good, would be destroyed is signified by all these words; the "abyss which is covered over him," and the "rivers that were withheld," mean the knowledges of truth and intelligence therefrom, the "abyss" or "sea" signifying the knowing and the cognizing faculties in general that are in the natural man, and "rivers" signifying the things that pertain to intelligence; the "great waters that shall be held back," signify the truths which savor of good and derive their essence from good, "waters" mean truths, and "great" in the Word is predicated of good.

That "Lebanon was made black over him, and the trees fainted for him," signifies that there will be no longer any truths of the church, and with its knowledges there will be no perception of truth; for "Lebanon," in like manner as "cedar," signifies the church in respect to truths, thus also the truths of the church; and "trees of the field" signify the church in respect to the knowledges of truth, thus also the knowledges of truth of the church, "trees" meaning the knowledges themselves, and "field" the church; from this it is clear that "to make Lebanon black" signifies that there are no longer any truths of the church.

[5] In Lamentations:

The Nazarites were whiter than snow, they were brighter than milk. Their form is more dark than blackness; they are not known in the streets (Lamentations 4:7-8).

No one can know what this signifies unless he knows what the Nazarites represented. "The Nazarites" represented the Lord in respect to the celestial Divine; and as all the statutes of the church at that time represented such things as belong to heaven and the church, thus to the Lord, for all things of heaven and the church are from the Lord, and as the Nazariteship was the chief representative of the Lord, these words signify that every representative of the Lord had perished. A genuine representative of the Lord is described by "the Nazarites were whiter than snow, and brighter than milk," which signifies a representative of Divine truth and Divine good in its perfection; for "white" is predicated of truth, in like manner "snow," and "brightness" of the good of truth, in like manner "milk." That every representative of Divine truth had perished is described by "their form is darker than blackness, they are not known in the streets," "form" signifying the quality of truth, "blackness" signifying its no longer appearing, "streets" signifying the truths of doctrine, and "not to be known in them" signifying not to be recognized by genuine truths. What is further signified by "Nazarites" will be told elsewhere.

[6] In Jeremiah:

The whole land shall be a waste; but I will not make a consummation. For this shall the land mourn, and the heavens above shall be blackened (Jeremiah 4:27-28).

"The whole land shall be a waste" signifies that good and truth in the church shall perish, "land" meaning the church; "yet I will not make a consummation" signifies that something of good and truth will still remain; "for this shall the land mourn" signifies the consequent feebleness of the church; "the heavens above shall be blackened" signifies that there will be no influx of good and truth from the Lord through heaven; for the heavens are said to be "blackened" when no affection or perception of truth flows in from the Lord through heaven. Since in the churches before the Lord's coming, which were representative churches, mourning represented spiritual grief of mind on account of the absence of truth and good, for they mourned when oppressed by an enemy, on the death of a father or mother, and for like things, and oppression by an enemy signified oppression by evils from hell, and father and mother signified the church in respect to good and in respect to truth, because with them these things were represented by mourning, they at such times went in black.

[7] As in David:

I say unto God my rock, why hast Thou forgotten me? Why shall I go in black because of the oppression of the enemy (Psalms 42:9; 43:2)?

In the same:

I bowed myself in black as bewailing a mother (Psalms 35:14).

In the same:

I was bent, I was bowed down exceedingly; I have gone in black all the day (Psalms 38:6).

In Malachi:

Ye have said, What profit is it that we walk in black before Jehovah? (Malachi 3:14).

In Jeremiah:

For the breach of the daughter of my people I am broken down; I am made black (Jeremiah 8:21);

"daughter of the people" signifying the church. In Jeremiah:

Judah hath mourned, and her gates have been made to languish, they are made black even to the earth; and the cry of Jerusalem hath gone up; for their nobles sent their little ones for water, they came to the pits and found no waters, their vessels return empty (Jeremiah 14:2-3).

That "to be made black" signifies spiritual grief of mind because of the absence of truth in the church is evident from the particulars here in the internal sense; for "Judah" signifies the church in respect to the affection of good; and "Jerusalem" the church in respect to the doctrine of truth; "gates" signify admission to the church. That there were no longer any truths is described by "the nobles sent their little ones for water, they came to the pits and found no waters, their vessels return empty," "waters" signifying truths, and "pits" the things that contain, which are the doctrinals from the Word and the Word itself, and in these truths are no longer seen. From this it can be seen that "black" [nigrum] and "black" [atrum] in the Word signify the absence of truth; and "darkness," "clouds," "obscurity," and many things from which blackness arises have a like signification. As in Joel:

A day of darkness and of thick darkness, a day of cloud and of obscurity (Joel 2:2);

and in other passages.

(Odkazy: Revelation 6:5)

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From Swedenborg's Works

References from Swedenborg's unpublished works:

Apocalypse Explained 368, 374, 381, 400, 401, 558, 573, 575, 625, 657, 1155

Other New Christian Commentary

Thanks to the Swedenborg Foundation for their permission to use this translation.

Bible

 

Revelation 6:12

English: King James Version         

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12 And I beheld when he had opened the sixth seal, and, lo, there was a great earthquake; and the sun became black as sackcloth of hair, and the moon became as blood;

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Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

Apocalypse Revealed 330, 331, 332


Další odkazy Swedenborga k tomuto verši:

Arcana Coelestia 2495, 3355, 4735, 4779, 9127

Apocalypse Revealed 53, 295, 312, 379

A Brief Exposition of New Church Doctrine 78

Heaven and Hell 119

The Last Judgment 61

True Christian Religion 620


References from Swedenborg's unpublished works:

Apocalypse Explained 30, 329, 372, 398, 399, 400, 401, ...

Canons of the New Church 27

Scriptural Confirmations 4, 32

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Isaiah 13:10, 50:3

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Word/Phrase Explanations

opened
To open,' as in Revelation 9, signifies communication and conjunction.

sixth
Like most numbers in the Bible, "six" can have various meanings depending on context, but has a couple that are primary. When used in relation...

sackcloth
'Being clothed in sackcloth' signifies lamentation because of the devastation of truth in the church. 'Sackcloth,' as in Revelation 6:12, relates to destroyed good.

Resources for parents and teachers

The items listed here are provided courtesy of our friends at the General Church of the New Jerusalem. You can search/browse their whole library by following this link.


 A Great Earthquake
Color picture of the great earthquake from Revelation 6.
Picture | Ages up to 14

 Horses
Sunday School Lesson | Ages 9 - 12

 John's Vision of the Horses
Some of the horses in this story are scary but they teach us important things.
Story | Ages 4 - 6

 The Black Horse
Color picture of the rider on the black horse holding a pair of scales. He was seen when the third seal was opened.
Picture | Ages up to 14

 The Fifth Seal: Martyrs Given White Robes
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

 The Fifth Seal: The Souls Under the Altar
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

 The First Seal: First Horsemen
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

 The First Seal: The White Horse
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

 The Four Horsemen
Dramatic color painting of the four horsemen of the Apocalypse.
Picture | All Ages

 The Four Horsemen
A New Church Bible story explanation for teaching Sunday school. Includes lesson materials for Primary (3-8 years), Junior (9-11 years), Intermediate (12-14 years), Senior (15-17 years) and Adults.
Teaching Support | Ages over 3

 The Four Horsemen (3-5 years)
Project | Ages 4 - 6

 The Four Horsemen (6-8 years)
Project | Ages 7 - 10

 The Four Horsemen (9-11 years)
Project | Ages 11 - 14

 The Fourth Seal: A Pale Horse
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

 The Opening of the Seven Seals
A lesson for younger children with discussion ideas and a project.
Sunday School Lesson | Ages 4 - 6

 The Pale Horse
Color picture of the rider on the pale horse whose name is death. He was seen when the fourth seal was opened.
Picture | Ages up to 14

 The Red Horse
Color picture of the rider on the fiery red horse who was given a great sword to take peace from the earth. He was seen when the second seal was opened.
Picture | Ages up to 14

 The Second Seal: A Red Horse
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

 The Sixth Seal: A Great Earthquake
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

 The Sixth Seal: The Great Earthquake
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

 The Souls Under the Altar
Color picture of the souls under the altar seen when the fifth seal was opened.
Picture | Ages up to 14

 The Third Seal: A Black Horse
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

 The White Horse
Color picture of the rider on the white horse who was given a bow and a crown and who went out to conquer. He was seen when the first seal was opened.
Picture | Ages up to 14

 White Horse and Rider with Crown
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14


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