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1 Mose 24

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1 Abraham war alt und wohl betaget, und der HERR hatte ihn gesegnet allenthalben.

2 Und sprach zu seinem ältesten Knecht seines Hauses, der allen seinen Gütern vorstund: Lege deine Hand unter meine Hüfte

3 und schwöre mir bei dem HERRN, dem Gott des Himmels und der Erde, daß du meinem Sohn kein Weib nehmest von den Töchtern der Kanaaniter, unter welchen ich wohne;

4 sondern daß du ziehest in mein Vaterland und zu meiner Freundschaft und nehmest meinem Sohn Isaak ein Weib.

5 Der Knecht sprach: Wie, wenn das Weib mir nicht wollte folgen in dies Land? Soll ich dann deinen Sohn wiederbringen in jenes Land, daraus du gezogen bist?

6 Abraham sprach zu ihm: Da hüte dich vor, daß du meinen Sohn nicht wieder dahin bringest.

7 Der HERR, der Gott des Himmels, der mich von meines Vaters Hause genommen hat und von meiner Heimat, der mir geredet und mir auch geschworen hat und gesagt: Dies Land will ich deinem Samen geben, der wird seinen Engel vor dir her senden, daß du meinem Sohn daselbst ein Weib nehmest.

8 So aber das Weib dir nicht folgen will, so bist du dieses Eides quitt. Alleine bringe meinen Sohn nicht wieder dorthin.

9 Da legte der Knecht seine Hand unter die Hüfte Abrahams, seines HERRN, und schwur ihm solches.

10 Also nahm der Knecht zehn Kamele von den Kamelen seines HERRN und zog hin und hatte mit sich allerlei Güter seines HERRN; und machte sich auf und zog gen Mesopotamien zu der Stadt Nahors.

11 Da ließ er die Kamele sich lagern außen vor der Stadt bei einem Wasserbrunnen, des Abends um die Zeit, wenn die Weiber pflegten herauszugehen und Wasser zu schöpfen,

12 und sprach: HERR, du Gott meines HERRN Abraham, begegne mir heute und tu Barmherzigkeit an meinem HERRN Abraham.

13 Siehe, ich stehe hie bei dem Wasserbrunnen, und der Leute Töchter in dieser Stadt werden herauskommen, Wasser zu schöpfen.

14 Wenn nun eine Dirne kommt, zu der ich spreche: Neige deinen Krug und laß mich trinken, und sie sprechen wird: Trinke, ich will deine Kamele auch tränken, daß sie die sei, die du deinem Diener Isaak bescheret habest, und ich daran erkenne, daß du Barmherzigkeit an meinem HERRN getan hast.

15 Und ehe er ausgeredet hatte, siehe, da kam heraus Rebekka, Bethuels Tochter, der ein Sohn der Milka war, welche Nahors, Abrahams Bruders, Weib war, und trug einen Krug auf ihrer Achsel.

16 Und sie war eine sehr schöne Dirne von Angesicht, noch eine Jungfrau, und kein Mann hatte sie erkannt. Die stieg hinab zum Brunnen und füllete den Krug und stieg herauf.

17 Da lief ihr der Knecht entgegen und sprach: Laß mich ein wenig Wassers aus deinem Kruge trinken.

18 Und sie sprach: Trinke, mein HERR! Und eilend ließ sie den Krug hernieder auf ihre Hand und gab ihm zu trinken.

19 Und da sie ihm zu trinken gegeben hatte, sprach sie: Ich will deinen Kamelen auch schöpfen, bis sie alle getrunken.

20 Und eilete und goß den Krug aus in die Tränke und lief aber zum Brunnen zu schöpfen und schöpfete allen seinen Kamelen.

21 Der Mann aber wunderte sich ihrer und schwieg stille, bis er erkennete, ob der HERR zu seiner Reise Gnade gegeben hätte, oder nicht.

22 Da nun die Kamele alle getrunken hatten, nahm er eine güldene Spange, eines halben Sekels schwer, und zween Armringe an ihre Hände, zehn Sekel Goldes schwer,

23 und sprach: Meine Tochter, wem gehörest du an? Das sage mir doch. Haben wir auch Raum in deines Vaters Hause zu herbergen?

24 Sie sprach zu ihm: Ich bin Bethuels Tochter, des Sohnes Milkas, den sie dem Nahor geboren hat.

25 Und sagte weiter zu ihm: Es ist auch viel Stroh und Futter bei uns und Raums genug zu herbergen.

26 Da neigete sich der Mann und betete den HERRN an

27 und sprach: Gelobet sei der HERR, der Gott meines HERRN Abraham, der seine Barmherzigkeit und seine Wahrheit nicht verlassen hat an meinem HERRN; denn der HERR hat mich den Weg geführet zu meines HERRN Bruders Hause.

28 Und die Dirne lief und sagte solches alles an in ihrer Mutter Hause.

29 Und Rebekka hatte einen Bruder, der hieß Laban; und Laban lief zu dem Manne draußen bei dem Brunnen.

30 Und als er sah die Spangen und Armringe an seiner Schwester Händen und hörete die Worte Rebekkas, seiner Schwester, daß sie sprach: Also hat mir der Mann gesagt, kam er zu dem Manne, und siehe, er stund bei den Kamelen am Brunnen.

31 Und er sprach: Komm herein, du Gesegneter des HERRN! Warum stehest du draußen? Ich habe das Haus geräumet und für die Kamele auch Raum gemacht.

32 Also führete er den Mann ins Haus und zäumete die Kamele ab und gab ihnen Stroh und Futter und Wasser, zu waschen seine Füße und der Männer, die mit ihm waren,

33 und setzte ihm Essen vor. Er sprach aber: Ich will nicht Essen, bis daß ich zuvor meine Sache geworben habe. Sie antworteten: Sage her!

34 Er sprach: Ich bin Abrahams Knecht.

35 Und der HERR hat meinen HERRN reichlich gesegnet, und ist groß worden; und hat ihm Schafe und Ochsen, Silber und Gold, Knechte und Mägde, Kamele und Esel gegeben.

36 Dazu hat Sara, meines HERRN Weib, einen Sohn geboren meinem HERRN in seinem Alter; dem hat er alles gegeben, was er hat.

37 Und mein HERR hat einen Eid von mir genommen und gesagt: Du sollst meinem Sohn kein Weib nehmen von den Töchtern der Kanaaniter, in deren Lande ich wohne,

38 sondern zeuch hin zu meines Vaters Hause und zu meinem Geschlecht; daselbst nimm meinem Sohn ein Weib.

39 Ich sprach aber zu meinem HERRN: Wie, wenn mir das Weib nicht folgen will?

40 Da sprach er zu mir: Der HERR, vor dem ich wandle, wird seinen Engel mit dir senden und Gnade zu deiner Reise geben, daß du meinem Sohn ein Weib nehmest von meiner Freundschaft und meines Vaters Hause.

41 Alsdann sollst du meines Eides quitt sein, wenn du zu meiner Freundschaft kommst; geben sie dir nicht, so bist du meines Eides quitt.

42 Also kam ich heute zum Brunnen und sprach: HERR, Gott meines HERRN Abraham, hast du Gnade zu meiner Reise gegeben, daher ich gereiset bin,

43 siehe, so stehe ich hie bei dem Wasserbrunnen. Wenn nun eine Jungfrau herauskommt zu schöpfen, und ich zu ihr spreche: Gib mir ein wenig Wasser zu trinken aus deinem Krug,

44 und sie wird sagen: Trinke du, ich will deinen Kamelen auch schöpfen, daß die sei das Weib, das der HERR meines HERRN Sohne bescheret hat.

45 Ehe ich nun solche Worte ausgeredet hatte in meinem Herzen, siehe, da kommt Rebekka heraus mit einem Krug auf ihrer Achsel und gehet hinab zum Brunnen und schöpfet. Da sprach ich zu ihr: Gib mir zu trinken.

46 Und sie nahm eilend den Krug von ihrer Achsel und sprach: Trinke, und deine Kamele will ich auch tränken. Also trank ich, und sie tränkte die Kamele auch.

47 Und ich fragte sie und sprach: Wes Tochter bist du? Sie antwortete: Ich bin Bethuels Tochter, des Sohnes Nahors, den ihm Milka geboren hat. Da hängete ich eine Spange an ihre Stirn und Armringe an ihre Hände;

48 und neigete mich und betete den HERRN an und lobte den HERRN, den Gott meines HERRN Abraham, der mich den rechten Weg geführet hat, daß ich seinem Sohn meines HERRN Bruders Tochter nehme.

49 Seid ihr nun die, so an meinem HERRN Freundschaft und Treue beweisen wollt, so saget mir's; wo nicht, so saget mir's aber, daß ich mich wende zur Rechten oder zur Linken.

50 Da antwortete Laban und Bethuel und sprachen: Das kommt vom HERRN; darum können wir nichts wider dich reden, weder Böses noch Gutes.

51 Da ist Rebekka vor dir; nimm sie und zeuch hin, daß sie deines HERRN Sohnes Weib sei, wie der HERR geredet hat.

52 Da diese Worte hörete Abrahams Knecht, bückte er sich dem HERRN zu der Erde.

53 Und zog hervor silberne und güldene Kleinode und Kleider und gab sie Rebekka; aber ihrem Bruder und der Mutter gab er Würze.

54 Da und trank er samt den Männern, die mit ihm waren, und blieb über Nacht allda. Des Morgens aber stund er auf und sprach: Lasset mich ziehen zu meinem HERRN.

55 Aber ihr Bruder und Mutter sprachen: Laß doch die Dirne einen Tag oder zehn bei uns bleiben, danach sollst du ziehen.

56 Da sprach er zu ihnen: Haltet mich nicht auf, denn der HERR hat Gnade zu meiner Reise gegeben. Lasset mich, daß ich zu meinem HERRN ziehe.

57 Da sprachen sie: Lasset uns die Dirne rufen und fragen, was sie dazu sagt.

58 Und riefen der Rebekka und sprachen zu ihr: Willst du mit diesem Manne ziehen? Sie antwortete: Ja, ich will mit ihm.

59 Also ließen sie Rebekka, ihre Schwester, ziehen mit ihrer Amme, samt Abrahams Knecht und seinen Leuten.

60 Und sie segneten Rebekka und sprachen zu ihr: Du bist unsere Schwester; wachse in viel tausendmal tausend, und dein Same besitze die Tore seiner Feinde.

61 Also machte sich Rebekka auf mit ihren Dirnen, und setzten sich auf die Kamele und zogen dem Manne nach. Und der Knecht nahm Rebekka an und zog hin.

62 Isaak aber kam vom Brunnen des Lebendigen und Sehenden (denn er wohnete im Lande gegen Mittag)

63 und war ausgegangen, zu beten auf dem Felde, um den Abend, und hub seine Augen auf und sah, daß Kamele daherkamen.

64 Und Rebekka hub ihre Augen auf und sah Isaak; da fiel sie vom Kamel

65 und sprach zu dem Knecht: Wer ist der Mann, der uns entgegenkommt auf dem Felde? Der Knecht sprach: Das ist mein HERR. Da nahm sie den Mantel und verhüllete sich.

66 Und der Knecht erzählete Isaak alle Sache, die er ausgerichtet hatte.

67 Da führete sie Isaak in die Hütte seiner Mutter Sara und nahm die Rebekka, und sie ward sein Weib, und gewann sie lieb. Also ward Isaak getröstet über seiner Mutter.

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Významy biblických slov

Abraham
Abraham (oder Abram, wie er am Anfang seiner Geschichte genannt wird) ist eine der Hauptfiguren in der Geschichte der heiligen Schrift. Er war der Vorfahre...

herr
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

gesegnet
Der Herr ist vollkommene Liebe, ausgedrückt als vollkommene Weisheit. Er hat uns geschaffen, damit Er uns lieben kann, damit Er uns Liebe und Weisheit schenken...

sprach
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

hand
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

unter
Generally speaking things that are seen as lower physically in the Bible represent things that are lower or more external spiritually. In some cases this...

gott
Der Herr ist die Liebe selbst, ausgedrückt in der Form der Weisheit selbst. Die Liebe ist also sein Wesen, sein Innerstes. Die Weisheit - das...

himmels
Himmel sind himmlische und spirituelle Dinge. Folglich sind sie das Innerste, beides des Reiches des Herrn im Himmel und auf der Erde. Dies bezieht sich...

Erde
"Erde" kann in der Bibel eine Person oder eine Gruppe von Gleichgesinnten wie in einer Kirche bedeuten. Aber sie bezieht sich speziell auf das Äußere...

Sohn
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

isaak
'Isaac' represents spiritual love. 'Isaac,' in Genesis 17:19, signifies the rational divine. 'Isaac' signifies the Lord's divine rational in reference to divine good. Isaac' signifies...

folgen
The basic meaning of "follow" in the Bible is pretty obvious if we consider what it means to "follow the Lord." That obviously doesn't mean...

Land
"Erde" kann in der Bibel eine Person oder eine Gruppe von Gleichgesinnten wie in einer Kirche bedeuten. Aber sie bezieht sich speziell auf das Äußere...

Hause
A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

geschworen
The Lord swearing by himself signifies that divine truth testifies, for He is divine truth itself, and this testifies from itself and means itself. It...

samen
'A seed' signifies love, and everyone who has love, as in Genesis 12:7. 8:15, 16. 'A seed' signifies faith grounded in charity. 'A seed' signifies...

geben
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

engel
'A messenger' signifies communication.

Vor
In den meisten Fällen ist die Bedeutung von "vorher" ziemlich einfach, sowohl als eine Art der Beurteilung der relativen Zeit, als auch in der Verwendung...

senden
'Being sent' everywhere signifies, in an internal sense, going forth, as in John 17:8. In similar manner, it is said of the holy of the...

Abrahams
Abraham (oder Abram, wie er am Anfang seiner Geschichte genannt wird) ist eine der Hauptfiguren in der Geschichte der heiligen Schrift. Er war der Vorfahre...

zehn
Most places in Swedenborg identify “ten” as representing “all,” or in some cases “many” or “much.” The Ten Commandments represent all the guidance we get...

kamele
A camel (Matt. 22:24) signifies scientific knowledge. Camels are confirming scientifics, and cattle are the knowledges of good and truth (Jer. 49:32.)

kamelen
A camel (Matt. 22:24) signifies scientific knowledge. Camels are confirming scientifics, and cattle are the knowledges of good and truth (Jer. 49:32.)

mesopotamien
'Mesopotamia' denotes knowledges of truth.

stadt
Cities of the mountain and cities of the plain (Jer. 33:13) signify doctrines of charity and faith.

Nahors
'Nahor,' as in Genesis 22:20, signifies the Lord’s church among the Gentiles.

wasser
Water was obviously of tremendous importance in Biblical times (and every other time). It is the basis of life, the essential ingredient in all drinks,...

abends
Since the light and warmth of the sun represent the Lord’s wisdom and love, it makes sense that evening, a time when the light and...

zeit
Time is an aspect of the physical world, but according to Swedenborg is not an aspect of the spiritual world. The same is true of...

heute
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

barmherzigkeit
In regular language, "mercy" means being caring and compassionate toward those who are in poor states. That's a position we are all in relative to...

töchter
"Behold I have two daughters,” etc. (Gen. 19:8), signifies the affections of good and truth, and the blessedness perceivable from the enjoyment thereof, by those...

dirne
The damsels of Rebecca, in Genesis 24:61, signify subservient affections. See Daughter.

trinken
Food in the Bible represents the desire for good, and water and other drinks represent the understanding and true ideas we need to recognize what...

Diener
“Servant” literally means “a person who serves another,"" and its meaning is similar in reference to the spiritual meaninngs of the Bible. Our lives in...

rebekka
'Rebecca,' as in Genesis 24, signifies divine truth which would be joined to divine good of the Lord’s rational mind, which is 'Isaac.'

jungfrau
'Virgins,' as in Revelation 14:4, signify people who love truths because they are truths, so from a spiritual affection. 'Virgin' signifies the church as a...

Mann
The relationship between men and women is deep and nuanced, and one entire book of the Writings – Conjugial Love or Love in Marriage –...

getrunken
To be drunken without wine (Isa. 29:9), are they who are unconcerned about the Word, and the truths of faith, and thus have no inclination...

brunnen
In Genesis 21, 'wells' signify doctrines, both those disputed and not disputed. Without this significance digging wells and disputing about them would have been too...

wunderte sich
Used as nouns, "marvels" and "wonders" are generally synonymous with miracles, which are expressions of the Lord's power in the world. In particular, the Lord...

Stille
'Silence' has various significations. In general it means everything which causes it, which includes astonishment, which is a special cause, as in Revelation 8:1.

Hände
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

tochter
Marriages among people – both in the Bible and in life – represent spiritual marriage. Women represent the desire to be good and to do...

nahor
'Nahor,' as in Genesis 22:20, signifies the Lord’s church among the Gentiles.

geboren
In einem allgemeinen Sinne stellt das "Geborenwerden" in der Bibel einen spirituellen Zustand dar, der einen anderen hervorbringt, in der Regel eine Form von Liebe...

sagte
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

viel
Intellectual things – ideas, knowledge, facts, even insight and understanding – are more separate and free-standing than emotional things, and it’s easier to imagine numbering...

stroh
The word 'straw,' as in Genesis 24:25, signifies scientific truths, because it is food for camels. Straw,' as in Isaiah 11:6, signifies the Word in...

Futter
'Provender' signifies the good of scientific truths. 'To give provender to his donkey,' as in Genesis 42:27, signifies reflection upon scientific ideas, because 'provender' is...

uns
Angels do give us guidance, but they are mere helpers; the Lord alone governs us, through angels and spirits. Since angels have their assisting role,...

Genug
'Sufficiency' relates to the reception of good, because good is the spiritual nourishment of the soul, as natural food is the nourishment of the body.

wahrheit
There's a great deal of talk in Swedenborg about "truth" as a concept – it's how we learn the Lord's will, what we must seek...

Weg
'To set a way,' as in Genesis 30:36, signifies being separated.

mutter
In general, mothers in the Bible represent the Lord's church on earth, or the church among those who know and follow the Lord. In some...

Bruder
There are two ways "brother" is used in the Bible, ways that are still reflected in modern language. One denotes an actual blood relationship; the...

laban
'Laban' signifies the affection of good in the natural self, or the affection of external good, and properly collateral good of a common stock. The...

sah
The symbolic meaning of "seeing" is "understanding," which is obvious enough that it has become part of common language (think about it; you might see...

schwester
The Lord calls people who are in truth from the good of charity from Him 'sisters,' as in Matthew 12:50. 'Sister' denotes intellectual truth, when...

rebekkas
'Rebecca,' as in Genesis 24, signifies divine truth which would be joined to divine good of the Lord’s rational mind, which is 'Isaac.'

kam
As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “come” in the Bible is highly dependent on context – its meaning is determined largely by...

haus
A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

waschen
It does not take a great leap of imagination to see that “washing” in the Bible represents purification. Washing dirt from the skin is symbolic...

Füße
The foot, as in Deuteronomy 33:3, signifies an inferior principle. To set the right foot on the sea and the left on the earth, as...

Männer
The relationship between men and women is deep and nuanced, and one entire book of the Writings – Conjugial Love or Love in Marriage –...

essen
When we eat, our bodies break down the food and get from it both energy and materials for building and repairing the body. The process...

silber
'Money' relates to truth.

gold
'Money' relates to truth.

esel
Donkeys signify the things relating to the self-intelligence of the sensual man; and camels, the things of self-intelligence in the natural man (Isa 30:6, 7.)

gegeben
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

sara
'Sarah' denotes truth joined to good. Sarai was called 'Sarah' so she would represent the divine intellectual principle by adding the 'H' from the name...

Eid
'To sware' is a binding.

sagen
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

Herzen
The heart means love. A good heart means love to the Lord and to the neighbor while a hard or stony heart means the love...

Wende
Swedenborg says that the Lord is the sun of heaven, and like the natural sun of our world shines on everyone, good or evil. What...

antwortete
Zu "antworten" deutet im Allgemeinen auf einen Zustand geistiger Empfänglichkeit hin. Letztlich bedeutet dies, für den Herrn empfänglich zu sein, der ständig versucht, wahre Ideen...

Bethuel
Bethuel (Gen. 24), signifies the origin of the affection of good.

reden
Like "say," the word "speak" refers to thoughts and feelings moving from our more internal spiritual levels to our more external ones – and ultimately...

silberne
'Money' relates to truth.

Kleider
It is said, in Deuteronomy 22:11, "Thou shalt not wear a garment of diverse sorts; as of woolen and linen together…”. This means that the...


When we eat, our bodies break down the food and get from it both energy and materials for building and repairing the body. The process...

tag
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

sagt
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

tausend
As children, most of us at some point frustrated our mothers into using the phrase “if I've told you once, I've told you a thousand...

Tore
"Gates" in ancient times had a significance that does not hold in the modern world. Cities then were enclosed by walls for protection; gates in...

mittag
'South' denotes truth in light.

Abend
Since the light and warmth of the sun represent the Lord’s wisdom and love, it makes sense that evening, a time when the light and...

Augen
It’s common to say “I see” when we understand something. And indeed, “seeing” in the Bible represents grasping and understanding spiritual things. So it makes...

Kamel
A camel (Matt. 22:24) signifies scientific knowledge. Camels are confirming scientifics, and cattle are the knowledges of good and truth (Jer. 49:32.)

hütte
'Tent' is used in the Word to signify the celestial and holy aspects of love, because in ancient time they performed holy worship in their...

getröstet
When the Bible talks about someone being comforted or consoled, it generally means that they are being offered ideas that will help bring them to...

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Article | Ages 15 - 17

 Correspondences of Water
Illustration of places in the Word that relate to water.
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

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Ideas for reading and discussing the story of Isaac and Rebekah in Genesis 24. Includes suggestions for extending the experience such as dramatizing parts of the story.
Religion Lesson | Ages 3 - 12

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The story includes two love stories: Isaac and Rebekah, and a beautiful wedding Swedenborg witnessed in heaven.
Story | Ages 4 - 8

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A New Church Bible story explanation for teaching Sunday school. Includes lesson materials for Primary (3-8 years), Junior (9-11 years), Intermediate (12-14 years), Senior (15-17 years) and Adults.
Teaching Support | Ages over 3

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A lesson for younger children with discussion ideas and a project.
Sunday School Lesson | Ages 4 - 6

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This lesson discusses a story from the Word and suggests projects and activities for young children.
Sunday School Lesson | Ages 4 - 6

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Drawing of Isaac greeting Rebekah after her journey.
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

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Lesson outline provides teaching ideas with questions for discussion, projects, and activities.
Sunday School Lesson | Ages 7 - 10

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Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

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Sunday School Lesson | Ages 11 - 17

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Lesson and activities to explore ways we can prepare for a loving marriage.
Religion Lesson | Ages over 15

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Worship Talk | Ages over 18

 Puppet Play: Isaac and Rebekah
Activity | Ages 7 - 14

 Quotes: Marriage Is a Gift from God
Teaching Support | Ages over 15

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Worship Talk | Ages 7 - 14

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Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

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Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

 Servant Brings Rebekah
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Arcana Coelestia # 3136

Arcana Coelestia (Elliott translation)      

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3136. 'And behold, he was standing with the camels' means presence in general facts. This is clear from the meaning of 'standing with' as being present, and from the meaning of 'the camels' as general facts, dealt with in 3048, 3071.

(Odkazy: Genesis 24:30)

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Thanks to the Swedenborg Society for the permission to use this translation.

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Jesaja 3:21

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21 die Ringe, die Haarbänder,

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Explanation of Isaiah 3      

Napsal(a) Rev. John H. Smithson

THE EXPLANATION of Isaiah Chapter 3

(Note: Rev. Smithson's translation of the Isaiah text is appended below the explanation)

1. For, behold, the Lord, Jehovah of Hosts, removes from Jerusalem and from Judah the stay and the staff; the whole stay of bread, and the whole stay of waters;

2. The mighty man, and the man of war, the judge, and the prophet, and the diviner, and the old man;

Verse 1. To "remove the stay and the staff" denotes the power and strength of life from Truth and Good; the "stay of bread" denotes power from Good, the "stay of waters", power from Truth. "Staff", in the original tongue, is an expression implying to lean upon and be supported, which in the spiritual world is effected by Truth and Good. Arcana Coelestia 9028.

Verses 1, 2. The whole stay of bread, and the whole stay of waters; the mighty man, and the man of war, etc. - To "remove the whole stay of bread, and the whole stay of waters, "signifies all the good of love and truth of faith, from which spiritual life exists; "bread" denotes the good of love, and "water" the truth of faith; and a "staff" and a "stay" denote powers, and thence all things appertaining to spiritual life. To "remove the mighty man and the man of war", signifies all resistance against evils and falsities; to "remove the judge and the prophet", signifies all the good and truth of doctrine; and to "remove the diviner and the old man", means all intelligence and wisdom. Apocalypse Explained 433.

3. The commander of fifty, and the honourable, and the counsellor, and the wise in magic, and the intelligent in incantation.

4. And I will make boys their rulers, and infants shall govern them.

5. And the people shall be oppressed, one man by another, and a man by his neighbour: the boy shall raise himself up against the aged, and the despised against the honoured.

Verse 3. Incantations were in use among the ancients, and were performed three ways: First, By keeping another's hearing and thereby his mind continually attending to what they were saying and talking of, by not relaxing their speech or allowing any intermission, and at the same time by aspiring and inspiring thought joined with affection by the breath into the sound of the voice, by which means the hearer could not think anything from himself; in this manner the lovers of falsehood violently infused their falsities. Secondly, They infused a persuasion, which was done by detaining the mind from everything of a contrary nature, and directing the attention solely to the idea of what was said by themselves, hence the spiritual sphere of the enchanter's mind dispelled the spiritual sphere of the other's mind, and stifled it; this was the kind of spiritual fascination which the magi formerly made use of, and it was called tying up or shackling the understanding. This sort of incantation or enchantment appertained only to the spirit or thought, but the former was also for the lips or speech. Thirdly, The hearer kept his mind so fixed in his opinion, that he almost shut his ears against hearing anything from the speaker - which was done by holding his breath, and sometimes by a tacit mussitation, and so by a continued negation of his adversary's sentiment. This kind of incantation was practised by those who heard others; but the two former by those who spake to others. These three kinds of incantation were practised by the ancients, and are still in use among infernal spirits; but among men in the world, there remains only the third kind among those who have confirmed in themselves false principles of religion from the pride of their own intelligence, for these, when they hear things contrary thereto, do not admit them into their thought any nearer than just into contact, and then from the interior bosom of their mind they send forth, as it were, fire which consumes them of which the other does not know anything but by conjecture from the face and sound of the voice in the reply, provided the enchanter does not restrain by dissimulation that fire, that is, the anger of his pride. This incantation is at this day the cause that truths are not accepted, and with many that they are not understood. That in ancient times many magic arts prevailed, and among these incantations, is evident from Moses. (Deuteronomy 18:9-11)

A persuasion of what is false, and the consequent destruction of the Truth is signified in the following passages:

"By the incantation of Babylon all nations were seduced." (Revelation 18:23. See also Isaiah 47:10-12; 2 Kings 9:22)

On the other hand, "incantation" [is used in a good sense], and signifies the rejection of what is false by means of Truths, which was also effected by tacit thought and mussitation, out of zeal for Truth in opposition to what is false, as is plain from Psalm 58:4, 5; Jeremiah 8:17; Isaiah 26:16. (See Hebrew text.) Apocalypse Revealed 462.

6. Then a man shall take hold of his brother of the house of his father [saying], You have raiment; be you a prince over us, and let this [our] ruin be under your hand.

7. In that day shall he lift up [his voice], saying, I will not be a binder up [of wounds]; for in my house is neither bread nor raiment: make me not a prince of the people.

Verses 6. 7. Then a man shall take hold of his brother, etc. - The subject here treated of, in the internal sense, is concerning the perverted state of the church, when Truth is no longer acknowledged to be truth, nor is it known what Good is. "A man's taking hold of his brother in the house of his father", denotes the acknowledging of everything whatsoever to be good; "raiment denotes truth; "prince", the primary principle of doctrine thence derived. "In my house is neither bread nor raiment, means that there was neither Good nor Truth. Arcana Coelestia 3703 Arcana Coelestia 3703[1-23].

Verses 6, 7, 17-24. The "garment" which the prince had, denotes the truth appertaining to doctrine; the various "clothing and ornaments of the daughters of Zion", which are here enumerated are all kinds and species of Good and Truth, whereof they were to be deprived, Arcana Coelestia 2576.

8. For Jerusalem stumbles, and Judah falls; because their tongue and their doings are against Jehovah, to rebel against the eyes of His glory.

9. The obstinacy of their countenance doth witness, against them, and they declare their sin as Sodom; they hide it not. Woe unto their soul! for to themselves have they rewarded evil.

Verse 8. Because their tongue and their doings are against Jehovah, to rebel against the eyes of His glory. - Signifies that all their doctrine and their life is altogether against Divine Truth; "tongue" denoting doctrine; "doings", the life; and "the eyes of the glory of Jehovah", the Divine Truth; to "rebel", is to be against it. Apocalypse Explained 433.

Verses 8, 9. Because their tongue and their doings are against Jehovah, etc. the obstinacy of their countenances, etc. - By Their tongue and their doings which are against Jehovah", are signified thought and affection : by the "tongue", thought, because the tongue speaks what the man thinks; and by the "doings", affection, because a man does what is of his affection. These are "against Jehovah and rebel against the eyes of His glory", when they are against the Divine Good and against the Divine Truth; for by "Jehovah", in the Word, is understood the Lord as to Divine Good proceeding from His Divine Love, and by His "glory" is understood the Divine Truth; to be against this is signified by "rebelling against the eyes of His glory."The"obstinacy of their countenances which witnesses against them", signifies the refusal and non-admission of divine Truth and divine Good into their thoughts and affections, which are their interiors, and are signified by "countenances" or faces. Apocalypse Explained 412.

10. Say you to the just, that good [shall be their portion]; for the fruit of their doings shall they eat.

Verse 10. - By "the just, or righteous, eating the fruit of their doings", is signified the celestial Good which man receives by a life according to divine Truth from the Lord, and, as it were, acquires to himself by his own labour and study. Apocalypse Explained 617.

11. Woe to the wicked! evil [shall be his portion]; for the reward of his hands shall be given him,

Verse 11. - Inasmuch as few know what is properly understood by "reward", it shall here be briefly explained. By "reward", when predicated of the good, is properly understood that delight, satisfaction, and blessedness which is contained in the love or affection of Good and Truth, for that love or that affection has in itself all the joy of heart which is called heavenly joy, and also heaven. The reason is, because the Lord is in that love, or in that affection, and with the Lord is also heaven. This joy, therefore, or this delight, satisfaction, and blessedness is what is properly understood by the reward which they shall receive who do good and speak truth from the love and affection of Good and Truth, thus from the Lord, and by no means from themselves; and whereas they act and speak from the Lord and not from themselves, therefore the reward is not of merit but of grace. From these considerations it may appear that he who knows what heavenly joy is, may know also what reward is; what heavenly joy is, in its essence, may be seen in the work concerning Heaven and Hell 395-414; this, therefore, is signified by the "reward" which is given to those who are in truths from good. But the "reward" of those who are in falsities from evil, is joy or delight, satisfaction, and blessedness in the world, but hell after their departure out of the world. Apocalypse Explained 695.

12. As for My people, children are their oppressors, and - women lord it over them: My people! your leaders cause you to err, and abolish the way of your paths.

Verse 12. By "oppressors or exactors, infants, and women", are signified those who violate, are ignorant of, and, pervert truths; by "oppressors or exactors", those who violate truths; by "infants", they who are ignorant of them; and by "women", the cupidities which pervert them. The "leaders who cause to err", signify those who teach; to "abolish the way of the paths", signifies' not to know the leading truth. Apocalypse Explained 555.

13. Jehovah shall set up Himself to plead; He stands to judge the peoples.

Verse 13. Jehovah stands to judge the peoples. - It is also said concerning the Lord Himself, that He "stood to judge", because it is said of the Divine Proceeding from the Lord, which is called Divine Truth, inasmuch as judgment is from it: thus in Isaiah, - "Jehovah has set Himself up to plead, and stands to judge." Apocalypse Explained 639.

14. Jehovah will enter into judgment with the elders of His people, and with the princes thereof: for you have burnt up the vineyard; the plunder of the poor is in your houses.

Verse 14. By "the elders of the people and the princes", are signified the same as by the twelve disciples, namely all of the church who are in the truths and goods thereof, and, in the abstract sense, the truths and goods of the church in every complex. Apocalypse Explained 851.

For, you have burnt up the vineyard. - "Vineyard" manifestly denotes the church as to the good and truth of faith; for the "elders", with whom Jehovah will come into judgment, denote the goods of the church, and "princes" denote the truths thereof. Arcana Coelestia 9130.

The reason why to "desolate" denotes to deprive by lusts, and thereby to consume, is because by the term, which in the original tongue is expressed "to desolate", is properly signified to set on fire and burn up, hence also to devour and consume; and this being the derivation of, that expression, by "desolating" is here signified the consumption which is effected by lusts; since the lusts appertaining to man are fires which consume; for there appertains to man the fire of life, and the light of faith; the fire of life is his love, and the light of life is his faith. The love of good, that is, love to the Lord and love towards the neighbour, constitute the fire of life appertaining to a good man and to an angel of heaven, and the love of truth and the faith, of truth constitute the light of life appertaining to them: but the love of evil, that is, the love of self and the love of the world, constitute the fire of life appertaining to an evil man and to a spirit of hell; and. the love of the false, and the faith of the false, constitute the lumen of life appertaining to them; but the love of evil is called, in the Word, the "burning of fire", because it burns and consumes those things which are of the love of good and truth. That consumption by lusts is signified by that expression in the original tongue, is evident from the following passage :

"Jehovah will come into judgment with the elders of his people, and the princes thereof; you have consumed [set fire to] the vineyard." Arcana Coelestia 9141.

15. What mean you, that you tread down My people, and grind the faces of the poor? says the Lord Jehovih of Hosts.

Verse 15. What mean you, that you tread down My people, and grind the faces of the poor? - To "grind the faces of the poor", signifies to destroy the affections of knowing truth with those who are in ignorance thereof, and yet desire to be instructed; to "grind" signifying to-destroy, and "faces", the affections of knowing truths, and "the 'poor", those who are in ignorance of truth, and desire to be instructed, for these are they who are spiritually poor. Apocalypse Explained 412.

Saith the Lord JEHOVIH of Hosts. - In the Word frequent mention is made of the Lord JEHOVIH, yea, wherever Jehovah the Lord is spoken of, He is called not Lord JEHOVAH but Lord JEHOVIH; and He is especially so called where the subject treated of is concerning temptations; as in Isaiah, - "Behold, the Lord JEHOVIH will come with strong hand, and His arm shall rule for Him: behold, His recompense is with Him, and His work before Him, He shall feed His flock like a shepherd: He shall gather His lambs with His arm, and carry them in His bosom, and shall gently lead those that give suck"; (Isaiah 40:10, 11) where the Lord JEHOVIH "coming with strong hand" denotes victory in temptation-combats, and "His arm ruling for Him "means that it is derived from His own power: What the "recompense" is, which was spoken of in the preceding verse, is here declared, that is, that it is the salvation of the whole human race, which is what is meant by "His feeding His flock as a shepherd; gathering the lambs with His arm, carrying them in His bosom, and gently leading those that give suck"; all which are operations of inmost or Divine Love. Arcana Coelestia 1793. See also Apocalypse Explained 601, 850.

16. Moreover says Jehovah, Because the daughters of Zion are haughty, and walk with the neck stretched forth and with ogling eyes, and mincing as they walk, and tinkling with their feet:

Verses 16-22. The "daughters of Zion: who are haughty, or extol themselves", denote the affections of evil within the church; the "rings. and the ornaments of the nose", which shall be taken away denote Good and its badges; the "dress-vestments, or changeable suits of apparel, and the mantles", denote Truth and its badges. Arcana Coelestia 3013.

17. The Lord will make bald the crown of the daughters of Zion; and Jehovah will lay bare their nakedness,

Verse 17. - The "daughters of Zion" signify the celestial church, and the things belonging to that church, but in this case perverted; by the "crown of the head which shall be made bald" is signified intelligence, of which it shall be deprived; and the "buttock which shall be made naked" signifies the love of evil and of the false. Apocalypse Explained 240

18. In that day the Lord will remove the ornament of their ankle-bands, and of their networks, and of their moon -like crescents ;

19., And the ear-rings, and the bracelets, and the thin veils;

20. The turbans, the stepping-chains, and the head-bands, and the scent-boxes, and the amulets;

21. The finger-rings, and the ornaments of the nose ;

22. The dress-vestments, and the tunics, and the shawls, and the purses;

23. The min-ors, and the fine linen [shifts], and the hoods, and the large veils.

24. And instead of perfume there shall be putridity; and instead of a girdle, a rent; and instead of braided-work [of hair], baldness; and instead of a robe, a wrapper of sackcloth; and a brand [mark] instead of beauty.

25. Your men shall fall by the sword, and your strength in the war.

Verses 18-25. They who do not think beyond the sense of the letter, know no other than that all those things, with which the daughters of Zion are said to be adorned, are to be understood according to the letter; and that on account of their ornament, and the loftiness and pride thence derived, the men of that kingdom would perish, for it is said that "your men shall fall by the sword, and your strength in "war"; but that such things are not meant, may be known to those who elevate the mind in some degree above the letter; these know, from various passages in the Word, that by "the daughters of Zion" are not meant the daughters of Zion, but such things as are of the church; as also by "the daughters of Jerusalem", "the daughters of Judah", and several others. When therefore the church, and those things which are of the church, are signified by "the daughters of Zion", it follows that, by their" ornaments", recounted in the above passage, are signified the truths and goods of the church, and that each ornament denotes some specific truth and good; for in the Word nothing is said without a meaning, not even one expression; and whereas that church was to be deprived of its truths and goods, which are signified by those ornaments; therefore it is said, that "instead of a perfume, shall be putridity; instead of a girdle, a rent; instead of braided-work [of hair], baldness; instead of a robe, a wrapper or girding of sackcloth; a brand or burning, instead of beauty"; and also that "your men should fall by the sword, and your-strength in war:" for by "perfume" is signified Divine Truth, as to its perceptive principles; by "putridity" [or a stench], its privation; by a "girdle" is signified the bond containing truths and goods in their connection; a "rent" instead of it, denotes their dissolution and dissipation; by "braided-work [of hair]", scientific truth; by "baldness", the deprivation of the intelligence of truth and of the wisdom of good; by "burning", their consumption by the evils of self-love; by "beauty", the form of truth derived from good in the church, thus its perfection; and by a "sword", whereby men shall fall, , the false principle destroying truth and good; by "no strength in war" is signified not any resistance against evil and the false, for "war" denotes spiritual combat and temptation. From these consideratlons, it is now evident that by "ornaments" in general, is signified the Divine Truth of the church. Arcana Coelestia 10540 See also Apocalypse Explained 637.

Verse 24. "Perfume" [or sweet smell], denotes interior truth; "putridity" [or stench], the privation thereof. Arcana Coelestia 10199.

26. And her gates shall lament and mourn; and she being desolate shall sit on the ground.

Verse 26. By "gates" are signified knowledges of what is true and good out of the Word, because by them man is introduced [as through gates] into the church. Apocalypse Revealed 899.

"Lamentation and mourning" [here predicated of the gates of

Jerusalem], signify grief on account of the devastation of the church as to Truths and as to Good. Apocalypse Explained 555.

To be "desolate and naked", signifies to be destitute of all Truth and Good. Apocalypse Explained 1081.

---

Isaiah Chapter 3

1. For, behold, the Lord, Jehovah of Hosts, removes from Jerusalem and from Judah the stay and the staff; the whole stay of bread, and the whole stay of waters;

2. The mighty man, and the man of war, the judge, and the prophet, and the diviner, and the old man;

3. The commander of fifty, and the honourable, and the counsellor, and the wise in magic, and the intelligent in incantation.

4. And I will make boys their rulers, and infants shall govern them.

5. And the people shall be oppressed, one man by another, and a man by his neighbour: the boy- shall raise himself up against the aged, and the despised against the honoured.

6. Then a man shall take hold of his brother of the house of his father [saying], You have raiment; be you a prince over us, and let this [our] ruin be under your hand.

7. In that day shall he lift up [his voice], saying, ~ will not be a binder up [of wounds]; for in my house is neither bread nor raiment : make me not a prince of the people.

8. For Jerusalem stumbles, and Judah falls; because their tongue and their doings are against Jehovah, to rebel against the eyes of His glory.

9. The obstinacy of their countenance doth witness, against them, and they declare their sin as Sodom; they hide it not. Woe unto their soul! for to themselves have they rewarded evil.

10. Say you to the just, that good [shall be their portion]; for the fruit of their doings shall they eat.

11. Woe to the wicked! evil [shall be his portion]; for the reward of his hands shall be given him,

12. As for My people, children are their oppressors, and - women lord it over them: My people! your leaders cause you to err, and abolish the way of your paths.

13. Jehovah shall set up Himself to plead; He stands to judge the peoples.

14. Jehovah will enter into judgment with the elders of His people, and with the princes thereof: for you have burnt up the vineyard; the plunder of the poor is in your houses.

15. What mean you, that you tread down My people, and grind the faces of the poor? says the Lord Jehovih of Hosts.

16. Moreover says Jehovah, Because the daughters of Zion are haughty, and walk with the neck stretched forth and with ogling eyes, and mincing as they walk, and tinkling with their feet:

17. The Lord will make bald the crown of the daughters of Zion; and Jehovah will lay bare their nakedness,

18. In that day the Lord will remove the ornament of their ankle-bands, and of their networks, and of their moon-like crescents ;

19., And the ear-rings, and the bracelets, and the thin veils;

20. The turbans, the stepping-chains, and the head-bands, and the scent- boxes, and the amulets;

21. The finger-rings, and the ornaments of the nose ;

22. The dress-vestments, and the tunics, and the shawls, and the purses;

23. The min-ors, and the fine linen [shifts], and the hoods, and the large veils.

24. And instead of perfume there shall be putridity; and instead of a girdle, a rent; and instead of braided-work [of hair], baldness; and instead of a robe, a wrapper of sackcloth; and a brand [mark] instead of beauty.

25. Your men shall fall by the sword, and your strength in the war.

26. And her gates shall lament and mourn; and she being desolate shall sit on the ground.

Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

der Propheten und der Psalmen Davids 3


Další odkazy Swedenborga k tomuto verši:

Die Himmlischen Geheimnisse 2576, 3103, 9055, 10540

Enthüllte Offenbarung 612


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 297, 850

Spiritual Experiences 5160

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