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Hesekiel 40

German: Luther (1545)         

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1 Im fünfundzwanzigsten Jahr unsers Gefängnisses, im Anfang des Jahres, am zehnten Tage des Monden, das ist das vierzehnte Jahr, nachdem die Stadt geschlagen war, eben am selbigen Tage kam des HERRN Hand über mich und führete mich daselbst hin

2 durch göttliche Gesichte, nämlich ins Land Israel, und stellete mich auf einen sehr hohen Berg, darauf war es wie eine gebauete Stadt vom Mittag herwärts.

3 Und da er mich daselbst hingebracht hatte, siehe, da war ein Mann, des Gestalt war wie Erz; der hatte eine leinene Schnur und eine Meßrute in seiner Hand und stund unter dem Tor.

4 Und er sprach zu mir: Du Menschenkind, siehe und höre fleißig zu und merke eben darauf, was ich dir zeigen will! Denn darum bist du hergebracht, daß ich dir solches zeige, auf daß du solches alles, was du hie siehest, verkündigest dem Hause Israel.

5 Und siehe, es ging eine Mauer auswendig am Hause ringsumher. Und der Mann hatte die Meßrute in der Hand, die war sechs Ellen lang; eine jegliche Elle war eine Handbreit länger denn eine gemeine Elle. Und er maß das Gebäude in die Breite eine Rute und in die Höhe auch eine Rute.

6 Und er kam zum Tor, das gegen Morgen lag, und ging hinauf auf seinen Stufen und maß die Schwellen am Tor, eine jegliche Schwelle eine Rute breit.

7 Und die Gemächer, so beiderseits neben dem Tor waren, maß er auch, nach der Länge eine Rute und nach der Breite eine Rute; und der Raum zwischen den Gemächern war fünf Ellen weit. Und er maß auch die Schwellen am Tor neben der Halle von inwendig eine Rute.

8 Und er maß die Halle am Tor von inwendig eine Rute.

9 Und maß die Halle am Tor acht Ellen und seine Erker zwo Ellen und die Halle von inwendig des Tors.

10 Und der Gemächer waren auf jeglicher Seite drei am Tor gegen Morgen, je eins so weit als das andere; und stunden auf beiden Seiten Erker, die waren gleich groß.

11 Danach maß er die Weite der Tür im Tor, nämlich zehn Ellen, und die Länge des Tors dreizehn Ellen.

12 Und vorne an den Gemächern war Raum auf beiden Seiten, je einer Elle; aber die Gemächer waren je sechs Ellen auf beiden Seiten.

13 Dazu maß er das Tor vom Dache des Gemachs bis zu des Tors Dach, fünfundzwanzig Ellen breit; und eine Tür stund gegen der andern.

14 Er machte auch Erker sechzig Ellen und vor jeglichem Erker einen Vorhof am Tor ringsherum.

15 Und bis an die Halle am innern Tor, da man hineingehet, waren fünfzig Ellen.

16 Und es waren enge Fensterlein an den Gemächern und Erkern hineinwärts, am Tor ringsumher. Also waren auch Fenster inwendig an den Hallen herum, und an den Erkern umher war Palmlaubwerk.

17 Und er führete mich weiter zum äußern Vorhof; und siehe, da waren Kammern und ein Pflaster gemacht im Vorhof herum und dreißig Kammern auf dem Pflaster.

18 Und es war das höhere Pflaster an den Toren, so lang die Tore waren, am niedrigen Pflaster.

19 Und er maß die Breite des untern Tors vor dem innern Hofe, auswendig hundert Ellen, beide, gegen Morgen und Mitternacht.

20 Also maß er auch das Tor, so gegen Mitternacht lag, am äußern Vorhofe, nach der Länge und Breite.

21 Das hatte auch auf jeder Seite drei Gemächer und hatte auch seine Erker und Hallen, gleich so groß wie am vorigen Tor, fünfzig Ellen die Länge und fünfundzwanzig Ellen die Breite.

22 Und hatte auch seine Fenster und seine Hallen und sein Palmlaubwerk, gleichwie das Tor gegen Morgen; und hatte sieben Stufen, da man hinaufging, und hatte seine Halle davor.

23 Und es war das Tor am innern Vorhof gegen das Tor, so gegen Mitternacht und Morgen stund; und maß hundert Ellen von einem Tor zum andern.

24 Danach führete er mich gegen Mittag, und siehe, da war auch ein Tor gegen Mittag; und er maß seine Erker und Hallen, gleich als die andern.

25 Die hatten auch Fenster und Hallen umher, gleichwie jene Fenster, fünfzig Ellen lang und fünfundzwanzig Ellen breit.

26 Und waren auch sieben Stufen hinauf und eine Halle davor und Palmlaubwerk an seinen Erkern auf jeglicher Seite.

27 Und er maß auch das Tor am innern Vorhof gegen Mittag, nämlich hundert Ellen von dem einen Mittagstor zum andern.

28 Und er führete mich weiter durch das Mittagstor in den innern Vorhof; und maß dasselbe Tor gegen Mittag, gleich so groß wie die andern,

29 mit seinen Gemächern, Erkern und Hallen und mit Fenstern und Hallen daran, ebenso groß wie jene umher, fünfzig Ellen lang und fünfundzwanzig Ellen breit.

30 Und es ging eine Halle herum, fünfundzwanzig Ellen lang und fünf Ellen breit.

31 Dieselbige stund vorne gegen den äußern Vorhof und hatte auch Palmlaubwerk an den Erkern; es waren aber acht Stufen hinaufzugehen.

32 Danach führete er mich zum innern Tor gegen Morgen und maß dasselbige, gleich so groß wie die andern,

33 mit seinen Gemächern, Erkern und Hallen und ihren Fenstern und Hallen umher, gleich so groß wie die andern, fünfzig Ellen lang und fünfundzwanzig Ellen breit.

34 Und hatte auch eine Halle gegen den äußern Vorhof und Palmlaubwerk an den Erkern zu beiden Seiten und acht Stufen hinauf.

35 Danach führete er mich zum Tor gegen Mitternacht; das maß er, gleich so groß wie die andern,

36 mit seinen Gemächern, Erkern und Hallen und ihren Fenstern und Hallen umher, fünfzig Ellen lang und fünfundzwanzig Ellen breit.

37 Und hatte auch eine Halle gegen den äußern Vorhof und Palmlaubwerk an den Erkern zu beiden Seiten und acht Stufen hinauf.

38 Und unten an den Erkern an jedem Tor war eine Kammer mit einer Tür, darin man das Brandopfer wusch.

39 Aber in der Halle vor dem Tor stunden auf jeglicher Seite zween Tische, darauf man die Brandopfer, Sündopfer und Schuldopfer schlachten sollte.

40 Und herauswärts zur Seite, da man hinaufgehet zum Tor, gegen Mitternacht, stunden auch zween Tische und an der andern Seite unter der Halle des Tors auch zween Tische.

41 Also stunden auf jeder Seite vor dem Tor vier Tische; das sind acht Tische zuhauf, darauf man schlachtete.

42 Und die vier Tische, zum Brandopfer gemacht, waren aus gehauenen Steinen, je anderthalb Ellen lang und breit und einer Elle hoch, darauf man legte allerlei Geräte, damit man Brandopfer und andere Opfer schlachtete.

43 Und es gingen Leisten herum, hineinwärts gebogen, einer Querhand hoch. Und auf die Tische sollte man das Opferfleisch legen.

44 Und außen vor dem innern Tor waren Kammern für die Sänger im innern Vorhofe: eine an der Seite, neben dem Tor zur Mitternacht, die sah gegen Mittag; die andere zur Seite gegen Morgen, die sah gegen Mitternacht.

45 Und er sprach zu mir: Die Kammer gegen Mittag gehört den Priestern, die im Hause dienen sollen;

46 aber die Kammer gegen Mitternacht gehört den Priestern, so auf dem Altar dienen. Dies sind die Kinder Zadoks, welche allein unter den Kindern Levi vor den HERRN treten sollen, ihm zu dienen.

47 Und er maß den Platz im Hause, nämlich hundert Ellen lang und hundert Ellen breit ins Gevierte; und der Altar stund eben vorne vor dem Tempel.

48 Und er führete mich hinein zur Halle des Tempels und maß die Halle, fünf Ellen auf jeder Seite, und das Tor drei Ellen weit auf jeder Seite.

49 Aber die Halle war zwanzig Ellen lang und elf Ellen weit und hatte Stufen, da man hinaufging; und Pfeiler stunden unten an den Erkern, auf jeder Seite eine.

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Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 3858, 4482, 5291, 9487, 9603, 9659, 10253

Apocalypse Revealed 36, 191, 861, 945

Die Eheliche Liebe 26

Die Lehre vom Herrn 52

Himmel und Hölle 171, 197

der Propheten und der Psalmen Davids 163


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcana Coelestia 648, 655, 737, 1458, 2788, 2851, 3391, ...

Apocalypse Revealed 194, 486, 487, 610, 671, 775, 896, ...

Die göttliche Vorsehung 134

Die Lehre vom Herrn 28

Wahre Christliche Religion 157


References from Swedenborg's unpublished works:

Apocalypse Explained 70, 208, 220, 223, 405, 422, 444, ...

Scriptural Confirmations 4, 53

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tage
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vierzehnte
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geschlagen
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kam
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hand
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Land
'Lands' of different nations are used in the Word to signify the different kinds of love prevalent in the inhabitants.

Israel
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

Berg
'Hills' signify the good of charity.

mittag
'South' denotes truth in light.

Mann
The relationship between men and women is deep and nuanced, and one entire book of the Writings – Conjugial Love or Love in Marriage –...

erz
Brass and iron as in Isaiah 48:4 and Daniel 7:19 signify what is hard.

sprach
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zeigen
'Shew' signifies instruction to the life.

Hause
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sechs
Like most numbers in the Bible, "six" can have various meanings depending on context, but has a couple that are primary. When used in relation...

Höhe
'Height' signifies the good and truth of the church in every degree.

länge
'Long' and thence to prolong, refer to good.

Fünf
Five also signifies all things of one part.

acht
According to Swedenborg, the number eight represents something that is complete within itself, in every respect. Two reasons are offered for this. First, eight is...

Seite
'Side' signifies good or spiritual love.

drei
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tür
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zehn
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dreizehn
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einer
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Dach
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Dache
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sechzig
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vorhof
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fünfzig
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dreißig
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Vor
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hundert
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mitternacht
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Sieben
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Fenstern
'Window' signifies truth in the light.

tische
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vier
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hoch
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Sänger
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altar
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Kinder
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levi
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Platz
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zwanzig
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Arcana Coelestia # 7601

Arcana Coelestia (Elliott translation)      

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7601. 'And the flax' means the truth of the exterior natural. This is clear from the meaning of' the flax' as truth, but the truth of the exterior natural, dealt with below. The natural is exterior and interior, see 4570, 5118, 5497, 5649, and therefore the truth and good there are interior and exterior, 3293, 3294. The truth and good of the exterior natural are meant by 'the flax and the barley', and the good and truth of the interior natural by 'the wheat and the spelt'.

(Odkazy: Arcana Coelestia 3293-3294)


[2] This verse and the next deal with the truths and forms of good that were destroyed and laid waste, and the forms of good and truths that were not destroyed or laid waste. Thus they deal with the truths and forms of good that were stored away and placed in safe keeping for [future] use, and those which were not stored away and placed in safe keeping. For when those who are evil undergo vastation, that is, when they are being separated from truths and forms of good and are left with their own evils and falsities, those truths and forms of good that are present in the exterior natural - where they have become linked to falsities and evils - are what are laid waste. These truths and forms of good look downwards and cannot for that reason be safely stored away, as will be seen below in 7604, 7607. But the truths and forms of good of the interior natural are not laid waste but are taken to an even more interior position, where they are held in safe keeping for [future] use. Communication between the interior natural and the exterior is then closed to such an extent that no good or truth at all can pass from there into the exterior natural, apart from just a general kind of communication of them which enables those people to engage in reasoning and put together arguments to lend support to falsities and evils. Those forms of good and truths that are placed in safe keeping are meant in the Word by 'the remnant', dealt with in 468, 530, 560, 561, 576, 661, 798, 1738, 1906, 2284, 5135, 5342, 5344, 5897-5899, 6156, 7556. These then are the things which the two present verses deal with and which are meant by 'the flax and the barley were struck; for the barley was a ripening ear, and the flax a stem', and by 'the wheat and the spelt were not struck because they were hidden'.

(Odkazy: Arcana Coelestia 560-561)


[3] The meaning of 'flax' or 'linen' as truth has its origin in representatives in heaven. In heaven those who are guided by the truth of the natural are seen clothed in white, like the whiteness of linen. The actual truth of the natural is also represented there as fabric made from the finer kind of flaxen threads. These threads have the appearance of silken ones, and clothing made from them has a similar appearance - brilliant, wonderfully translucent, and soft - if the truth represented in that way is rooted in good. But on the other hand those threads which look flaxen do not have a translucent, brilliant, or soft appearance, but a hard and brittle appearance, though they are still white, if the truth that is represented in that way is not rooted in good.

[4] From all this one may now recognize what is meant when it says that the angels whom people saw appeared in garments of flax or linen, such as those referred to in John,

Out of the temple came the seven angels having the seven plagues, clothed in linen, white and splendid, and girded around their breasts with golden girdles. Revelation 15:6.

In Daniel,

I lifted up my eyes and saw, and behold, a man clothed in linen whose loins were girded with gold of Uphaz. Daniel 10:5.

In Ezekiel,

Behold, six men coming from the direction of the upper gate, each with a weapon of dispersion in his hand. But one man in the midst of them was clothed in linen and had a writer's inkhorn at his side. 1 Ezekiel 9:2.

More is said about this angel [clothed in linen] in verses 3 and 4 of the same chapter and in Chapter 10:2-7. The same prophet also says, in reference to the angel who measured the new temple, that he had a line of flax and a measuring rod in his hand, Ezekiel 40:ff. Also, the angels who were seen in the Lord's tomb appeared clothed in white, splendid and flashing like lightning, Matthew 28:3; Mark 16:5; Luke 14:4; John 20:11-12.

(Odkazy: Ezekiel 9:3-4, 40:3; Luke 24:4)


[5] Since 'linen' or 'flax' meant the truth of the exterior natural, and the exterior natural is what clothes things more internal, that truth is what was represented by the linen garments with which angels were seen to be clothed. It is also meant by the linen garments worn by Aaron whenever he ministered in the Holy Place, spoken of in Moses as follows, When Aaron comes into the Holy Place, he shall put on the holy linen tunic, and gird himself with a linen sash, and place the linen turban on himself. These are holy garments. Leviticus 16:3-4.

Similarly in Ezekiel,

The priests, the Levites, the sons of Zadok, when they enter the gates of the inner court they shall put on the linen garments, and no wool shall come upon them. When they minister in the gates of the inner court, and within, the linen turbans shall be on their heads, the linen under garments shall be over their loins. Ezekiel 44:17-18.

This is referring to the new temple and the New Jerusalem, which mean the Lord's kingdom. For the same reason also the priests wore linen ephods, 1 Samuel 22:18; when the boy Samuel ministered before the Lord he wore a linen ephod, 1 Samuel 1:18; and David too wore a linen ephod when the ark was brought into his city, 2 Samuel 6:14.

(Odkazy: 1 Samuel 2:18; Ezekiel 44:15; Leviticus 16:4)


[6] From all this one can also see why the Lord girded Himself with a linen towel when He washed the disciples' feet, and wiped their feet with the linen towel with which He was girded, John 13:4-5. Washing of the feet was a sign of purification from sins, which is accomplished by the truths of faith, since these teach a person how he ought to live.

[7] 'Linen' means truth in the following places too: In Jeremiah,

Jehovah said to the prophet, Go, buy yourself a linen girdle, and place it over your loins; but you are not to pass it through water. Take the girdle, and arise, go away to the Euphrates, and hide it in the cleft of a rock. At the end of many days, when he took the girdle from where he had hidden it, behold, the girdle was spoiled; it was profitable for nothing. Jeremiah 13:1-7.

'The linen girdle over the loins' represented truth arising from good, as it is in the beginning when the Church is established by the Lord, and as it becomes subsequently, when around the end it is has become spoiled and profitable for nothing. In Isaiah,

Those that make linen out of silk threads, and the weavers of curtains, will blush. Isaiah 19:9.

This refers to Egypt. 'Making linen out of silk threads' stands for counterfeiting truths.

(Odkazy: Jeremiah 13:1, 13:4, Jeremiah 13:6-7)


[8] In Moses,

You shall not plough with an ox and an ass together. You shall not put on a mingled garment made of wool and linen together. Deuteronomy 22:10-11.

'Ox' means the good of the natural, 'ass' its truth; and much the same is meant by 'wool and linen'. Their being forbidden to plough with an ox and ass together or to put on a mingled garment made of wool and linen together meant that they were forbidden to be in two states at the same time, that is to say, in a state of good from which they looked to truth and at the same time in a state of truth from which they looked to good. These prohibitions embody much the same as those declared by the Lord in Matthew,

Let him who is on the roof of the house not go down to take anything out of his house; and let him who is in the field not turn back to get his clothing. Matthew 24:17-18.

Regarding these prohibitions see 3652 (end). For those who look from good to truth are in the inner part of heaven, whereas those who look from truth to good are in the outer part. The latter look from the world towards heaven, the former from heaven towards the world. Consequently they are in a kind of inverse ratio to each other, and therefore if they were put together the one would destroy the other.

-----
Footnotes:

1. literally, on his loins

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(Odkazy: Exodus 9:31; Ezekiel 9:2-4, Ezekiel 44:15; Jeremiah 13:1, Jeremiah 13:4, 13:6-7)

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From Swedenborg's Works

Inbound References:

Arcana Coelestia 7604, 8904, 9469, 9827, 9872, 9959, 10184, 10243, 10402

The New Jerusalem and its Heavenly Doctrine 47


References from Swedenborg's unpublished works:

Apocalypse Explained 196, 503


Thanks to the Swedenborg Society for the permission to use this translation.


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