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Daniel 9

German: Luther (1545)         

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1 Im ersten Jahr Darius, des Sohnes Ahasveros, aus der Meder Stamm, der über das Königreich der Chaldäer König ward,

2 in demselbigen ersten Jahr seines Königreichs merkte ich, Daniel, in den Büchern auf die Zahl der Jahre, davon der HERR geredet hatte zum Propheten Jeremia, daß Jerusalem sollte siebenzig Jahre wüste liegen.

3 Und ich kehrete mich zu Gott dem HERRN, zu beten und zu flehen, mit Fasten, im Sack und in der Asche.

4 Ich betete aber zu dem HERRN, meinem Gott, bekannte und sprach: Ach, lieber HERR, du großer und schrecklicher Gott, der du Bund und Gnade hältst denen, die dich lieben und deine Gebote halten:

5 wir haben gesündigt, unrecht getan, sind gottlos gewesen und abtrünnig worden; wir sind von deinen Geboten und Rechten gewichen.

6 Wir gehorchten nicht deinen Knechten, den Propheten, die in deinem Namen unsern Königen, Fürsten, Vätern und allem Volk im Lande predigten.

7 Du, HERR, bist gerecht, wir aber müssen uns schämen, wie es denn jetzt gehet denen von Juda und denen von Jerusalem und dem ganzen Israel, beide, denen, die nahe und ferne sind, in allen Landen, dahin du uns verstoßen hast um ihrer Missetat willen, die sie an dir begangen haben.

8 Ja, HERR, wir, unsere Könige, unsere Fürsten und unsere Väter müssen uns schämen, daß wir uns an dir versündiget haben.

9 Dein aber, HERR, unser Gott, ist die Barmherzigkeit und Vergebung. Denn wir sind abtrünnig worden

10 und gehorchten nicht der Stimme des HERRN, unsers Gottes, daß wir gewandelt hätten in seinem Gesetz welches er uns vorlegte durch seine Knechte, die Propheten,

11 sondern das ganze Israel übertrat dein Gesetz und wichen ab, daß sie deiner Stimme nicht gehorchten. Daher trifft uns auch der Fluch und Schwur, der geschrieben stehet im Gesetz Mose, des Knechtes Gottes, daß wir an ihm gesündiget haben.

12 Und er hat seine Worte gehalten, die er geredet hat wider uns und unsere Richter, die uns richten sollten, daß er solch groß Unglück über uns hat gehen lassen, daß desgleichen unter allem Himmel nicht geschehen ist, wie über Jerusalem geschehen ist.

13 Gleichwie es geschrieben stehet im Gesetz Mose, so ist all dies große Unglück über uns gegangen. So beteten wir auch nicht vor dem HERRN, unserm Gott, daß wir uns von den Sünden bekehreten und deine Wahrheit vernähmen.

14 Darum ist der HERR auch wacker gewesen mit diesem Unglück und hat es über uns gehen lassen. Denn der HERR, unser Gott, ist gerecht in allen seinen Werken, die er tut; denn wir gehorchten seiner Stimme nicht.

15 Und nun, HERR, unser Gott, der du dein Volk aus Ägyptenland geführet hast mit starker Hand und hast dir einen Namen gemacht, wie er jetzt ist: wir haben ja gesündiget und sind leider gottlos gewesen.

16 Ach HERR, um aller deiner Gerechtigkeit willen wende ab deinen Zorn und Grimm von deiner Stadt Jerusalem und deinem heiligen Berge! Denn um unserer Sünde willen und um unserer Väter Missetat willen trägt Jerusalem und dein Volk Schmach bei allen, die um uns her sind.

17 Und nun, unser Gott, höre das Gebet deines Knechts und sein Flehen und siehe gnädiglich an dein Heiligtum, das verstöret ist, um des HERRN willen!

18 Neige deine Ohren, mein Gott, und höre, tue deine Augen auf und siehe, wie wir verstört sind, und die Stadt, die nach deinem Namen genannt ist! Denn wir liegen vor dir mit unserm Gebet, nicht auf unsere Gerechtigkeit, sondern auf deine große Barmherzigkeit.

19 Ach HERR, höre, ach HERR, sei gnädig, ach HERR, merke auf und tue es und verzeuch nicht um dein selbst willen, mein Gott! Denn deine Stadt und dein Volk ist nach deinem Namen genannt.

20 Als ich noch so redete und betete und meine und meines Volks Israel Sünde bekannte und lag mit meinem Gebet vor dem HERRN, meinem Gott, um den heiligen Berg meines Gottes,

21 eben da ich so redete in meinem Gebet, flog daher der Mann Gabriel, den ich vorhin gesehen hatte im Gesicht, und rührete mich an um die Zeit des Abendopfers.

22 Und er berichtete mir und redete mit mir und sprach: Daniel, jetzt bin ich ausgegangen, dir zu berichten.

23 Denn da du anfingest zu beten, ging dieser Befehl aus, und ich komme darum, daß ich dir's anzeige; denn du bist lieb und wert. So merke nun darauf, daß du das Gesicht verstehest!

24 Siebenzig Wochen sind bestimmt über dein Volk und über deine heilige Stadt, so wird dem Übertreten gewehret und die Sünde zugesiegelt und die Missetat versöhnet und die ewige Gerechtigkeit gebracht und die Gesichte und Weissagung zugesiegelt und der Allerheiligste gesalbet werden.

25 So wisse nun und merke: Von der Zeit an, so ausgehet der Befehl, daß Jerusalem soll wiederum gebauet werden, bis auf Christum, den Fürsten, sind sieben Wochen und zweiundsechzig Wochen, so werden die Gassen und Mauern wieder gebauet werden, wiewohl in kümmerlicher Zeit.

26 Und nach den zweiundsechzig Wochen wird Christus ausgerottet werden und nichts mehr sein. Und ein Volk des Fürsten wird kommen und die Stadt und das Heiligtum verstören, daß es ein Ende nehmen wird wie durch eine Flut; und bis zum Ende des Streits wird's wüst bleiben.

27 Er wird aber vielen den Bund stärken eine Woche lang. Und mitten in der Woche wird das Opfer und Speisopfer aufhören. Und bei den Flügeln werden stehen Greuel der Verwüstung; und ist beschlossen, daß bis ans Ende über die Verwüstung triefen wird.

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Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

Apocalypse Revealed 548

Die Eheliche Liebe 26

Himmel und Hölle 171

der Propheten und der Psalmen Davids 180


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcana Coelestia 395, 411, 622, 728, 988, 1857, 2025, ...

Apocalypse Revealed 3, 36, 492, 501, 658, 662, 757, ...

Kurze Darstellung 100

Die göttliche Vorsehung 134, 328

Die Lehre vom Herrn 6, 52, 64

Wahre Christliche Religion 157, 179, 181, 378, 755, 758, 761, ...


References from Swedenborg's unpublished works:

Apocalypse Explained 83, 204, 315, 375, 397, 405, 409, ...

On the Athanasian Creed 157

Coronis oder Anhang zur Wahren Christlichen Religion 34

Scriptural Confirmations 4, 38

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Word/Phrase Explanations

Chaldäer
Chaldea was a land lying along the Euphrates river near its mouth, south of Babylon, part of what is now southern Iraq. It was a...

Herr
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

Propheten
The idea of a "prophet" is very closely tied to the idea of the Bible itself, since the Bible was largely written by prophets. At...

Jeremia
Jeremiah, in the Book of Jeremiah 1:1 and what follows, represents the Lord. (Arcana Coelestia 2838 [2]). In Jeremiah 13:7, he signifies the state of...

Jerusalem
Jerusalem first comes to or attention in II Samuel, chapter 5 where King David takes it from the Jebusites and makes it his capital. In...

Sack
'A sack' in Genesis 42:25, means a receptacle, and here 'a receptacle' on the natural level, because it is a story about the truths and...

asche
Ashes as in ('Ezekiel 27:30') signify what is condemned; because fire from which they are derived signify infernal love. Ashes of the furnace ('Exodus 9:8')...

sprach
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

Gnade
In regular language, "mercy" means being caring and compassionate toward those who are in poor states. That's a position we are all in relative to...

geboten
To command is to give an order that something must be done, and is directed to an individual, or a group. It is an imperative,...

Namen
It's easy to see that names are important in the Bible. Jehovah changed Abram and Sarai to Abraham and Sarah, changed Jacob to Israel and...

gerecht
He is said to be 'just' in a spiritual sense, who lives according to divine laws. They on the right hand being called 'just,' as...

uns
Angels do give us guidance, but they are mere helpers; the Lord alone governs us, through angels and spirits. Since angels have their assisting role,...

juda
City of Judah,' as in Isaiah 40:9, signifies the doctrine of love towards the Lord and love towards our neighbor in its whole extent.

israel
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

Könige
The human mind is composed of two parts, a will and an understanding, a seat of loves and affections, and a seat of wisdom and...

Väter
Father in the Word means what is most interior, and in those things that are following the Lord's order, it means what is good. In...

Stimme
'Voice' signifies what is announced from the Word. 'Voice' often refers and is applied to things that cannot have a voice, as in Exodus 4,...

gottes
The Lord is love itself, expressed in the form of wisdom itself. Love, then, is His essence, His inmost. Wisdom - the loving understanding of...

gesetz
All laws, even civil and judicial laws, which are in the Word, correspond to the laws of good and truth, which are in heaven.

geschrieben
In John 8:2-11, the Lord wrote twice on the ground, when the woman taken in adultery was brought to him, which signifies the condemnation of...

mose
Moses's name appears 814 times in the Bible (KJV), third-most of any one character (Jesus at 961 actually trails David at 991). He himself wrote...

Richter
It’s easy to see the connection between judging and truth. In a court of law, the judge’s whole purpose is to find the truth. In...

groß
The word "great" is used in the Bible to represent a state with a strong degree of love and affection, of the desire for good;...

unter
Generally speaking things that are seen as lower physically in the Bible represent things that are lower or more external spiritually. In some cases this...

himmel
Heavens are celestial and spiritual things. Consequently, they are inmost things, both of the Lord's kingdom in heaven the and in the earth. This also...

Vor
In most cases, the meaning of "before" is pretty straightforward, both as a way of assessing relative time, and in its use meaning "in someone's...

Sünden
In the Word three terms are used to mean bad things that are done. These three are transgression, iniquity, and sin, and they are here...

Wahrheit
There's a great deal of talk in Swedenborg about "truth" as a concept – it's how we learn the Lord's will, what we must seek...

Ägyptenland
In the Bible, Egypt means knowledge and the love of knowledge. In a good sense that means knowledge of truth from the Lord through the...

Hand
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

gerechtigkeit
'Justice' signifies both good and truth.

Wende
Swedenborg says that the Lord is the sun of heaven, and like the natural sun of our world shines on everyone, good or evil. What...

Zorn
'Wrath,' as in Genesis 49:7, signifies aversion from truth. 'Great wrath,' as in Revelation 12:12, signifies hatred against the new church.

Stadt
Cities of the mountain and cities of the plain (Jer. 33:13) signify doctrines of charity and faith.

Augen
It’s common to say “I see” when we understand something. And indeed, “seeing” in the Bible represents grasping and understanding spiritual things. So it makes...

Berg
'Hills' signify the good of charity.

Mann
The relationship between men and women is deep and nuanced, and one entire book of the Writings – Conjugial Love or Love in Marriage –...

Gabriel
Gabriel signifies an angelic society in heaven that is made up of people who teach from the Word, particularly about the Lord’s advent.

gesehen
To look,' as in Genesis 18:22, signifies thinking, because seeing denotes understanding. Look not back behind thee,' as in Genesis 19:17, means that Lot, who...

Zeit
Time is an aspect of the physical world, but according to Swedenborg is not an aspect of the spiritual world. The same is true of...

heilige
The Bible describes many things as being holy, or sacred. The Ark of the Covenant is one very holy object. The inmost chamber of the...

Sieben
The number 'seven' was considered holy, as is well known, because of the six days of creation, and the seventh, which is the celestial self,...

nach
Behind, or after, (Gen. 16:13), signifies within or above, or an interior or superior principle.

Kommen
Coming (Gen. 41:14) denotes communication by influx.

Heiligtum
'Sanctuary' signifies the truth of heaven and the church. 'Sanctuary,' as in Ezekiel 24:21, signifies the Word.

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Arcana Coelestia # 4535

Arcana Coelestia (Elliott translation)      

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4535. The preliminary sections of previous chapters - Chapter 26 onwards - explained what the Lord foretold about His Coming or THE CLOSE OF THE AGE. Frequently in those sections it has been shown that His Coming or the Close of the Age means the last period of the Church, which in the Word is called the Last Judgement. Those who do not look beyond the literal sense cannot know of the Last Judgement as anything else than the destruction of the world, the particular source for such an idea being the Book of Revelation. There it is said that [John] saw 'a new heaven and a new earth, for the former heaven and the former earth had passed away; and there was no more sea', and in addition that he saw 'the Holy City, new Jerusalem, coming down from God out of heaven', Revelation 21:1-2. Prophetical utterances in Isaiah, where similar predictions occur, are also a source of the same idea,

Behold, I am creating new heavens and a new earth; therefore the former things will not be remembered or come to mind. 1 Be glad and rejoice for ever in the things I am creating; behold, I will create Jerusalem a rejoicing, and her people a joy. Isaiah 65:17-18; 66:22.

[2] Those who do not look beyond the literal sense cannot conceive of anything else than this - that the whole sky together with this planet will be annihilated, and then the dead - for the first time - will rise again and dwell in the new heaven and on the new earth. But these places in the Word should not be understood in that way, as may be recognized from other places in the Word where the heavens and the earth are referred to. Those who have any belief in an internal sense can see plainly that 'a new heaven' and 'a new earth' are used to mean a new Church which takes over when the previous one passes away, 1733, 1850, 3355 (end), and that 'heaven' is the internal aspect of that new Church and 'earth' the external aspect of it.

[3] This last period of the previous Church and the first of the new one are also called the Close of the Age, about which the Lord has spoken in Matthew 24. They are called also His Coming, for at that time the Lord departs from the previous Church and comes to the new. The description of that period as the Close of the Age may also be seen from other places in the Word, as in Isaiah,

On that day a remnant will return, the remnant of Jacob, to the God of power. For though your people Israel will be as the sand of the sea, a remnant of it will return. The close has been determined, overflowing with righteousness, for the Lord Jehovih Zebaoth is bringing the whole earth to its close and to its determined end. Isaiah 10:20-23.

In the same prophet,

Now do not be derisive, lest your punishments increase, for a close and a cutting off I have heard from the Lord Jehovih Zebaoth over the whole earth. Isaiah 28:22.

In Jeremiah,

Thus said Jehovah, The whole earth will be a waste, yet I will not bring it to a close. Jeremiah 4:27.

In Zephaniah,

I will bring men into distress, and they will go as the blind, because they have sinned against Jehovah; and their blood will be poured out like dust, and their flesh like dung. For Jehovah will bring to a close, indeed to a hasty one, all the inhabitants of the earth. Zephaniah 1:17-18.

From each detail stated here it is evident that 'a close' means the last period of the Church and 'the earth' the Church itself.

(Odkazy: Isaiah 10:21-23)


[4] The reason why 'the earth (or land)' means the Church is that the land of Canaan was the land where the Church had existed since most ancient times, and later on where among the descendants of Jacob a representative of the Church existed. When this land is said to have been 'brought to a close' it is not the nation dwelling there that is meant but the holiness of worship which existed with the nation where the Church was. For the Word is spiritual; but the actual land is not spiritual, nor is the nation dwelling in it, only that which constitutes the Church there. For evidence that the land of Canaan was the land where the Church had existed from most ancient times, see 567, 3686, 4447, 4454, 4516, 4517; and this explains why 'the land' or 'the earth' in the Word means the Church, 566, 662, 1066, 1067, 1262, 3355, 4447. From all this one may see what is meant in Isaiah by 'bringing the whole earth to a close', and in Zephaniah by 'bringing all the inhabitants of the earth to a hasty one'. It is well known that the Jewish nation which inhabited that land was not 'brought to a close' but that the holiness of worship among them was.

(Odkazy: Arcana Coelestia 1066-1067, 4516-4517)


[5] This meaning of 'the close' is even clearer in Daniel,

Seventy weeks have been decreed concerning your people and your holy city to bring transgression to a close and to seal up sins and to atone for iniquity, and to bring in everlasting righteousness, and to seal up vision and prophet, and to anoint the Most Holy Place. In the middle of the week he will cause sacrifice and offering to cease. At length upon the bird of desolations will come desolation; until a close and a cutting off will it drop upon the devastation. Daniel 9:24, 27.

[6] From this one may now see that the close of the age - about which the disciples were asking when they said to the Lord 'What will be the sign of Your coming and of the close of the age?' Matthew 24:3 - does not mean anything else than the final period of the Church. The same is also meant by the Lord's words, which are the very last in the same gospel,

Jesus said to the disciples, Teaching them to observe 2 all things whatever I have commanded you; and behold, I am with you at all times 3 even to the close of the age. Matthew 28:20.

The reason why the Lord said that He would be with the disciples even to the close of the age is that the Lord's twelve disciples are similar in meaning to the twelve tribes of Israel. That is to say, they mean all things of love and faith, and therefore all things of the Church, see 3354, 3488, 3858, as do the twelve tribes, 3858, 3926, 3939, 4060. The fact that the Church reaches its close when no charity exists there any longer, nor consequently any faith, has been shown several times already; and that within the Church at the present day, called the Christian Church, scarcely any trace of charity or consequently of faith survives there; and that the close of the age is accordingly now at hand, will in the Lord's Divine mercy be shown further on.

-----
Footnotes:

1. literally, come up upon the heart

2. Reading servare (to observe) for the imperative servate (observe)

3. literally, I am with you all the days

Genesis 35
1. And God said to Jacob, Rise up, go up to Bethel and settle there, and make there an altar to the God who appeared to you when you fled from before Esau your brother.
2. And Jacob said to his household, and to all who were with him, Remove the gods of the foreigner which are in the midst of you, and be purified, and change your garments.
3. And let us rise up and go up to Bethel, and I will make there an altar to the God who answered me on the day of my distress, and was with me in the way that I went. 1
4. And they gave to Jacob all the gods of the foreigner which were in their hand, and the jewels which were in their ears; and Jacob hid them under the oak which was by Shechem.
5. And they travelled on; and the terror of God was on the cities which were round about them, and they did not pursue after the sons of Jacob.
6. And Jacob came to Luz which is in the land of Canaan - that is, Bethel - he and all the people who were with him.
7. And he built an altar there, and called the place El Bethel, for there the gods were revealed to him, when he was fleeing from before his brother.
8. And Deborah, Rebekah's nurse, died, and was buried below Bethel under an oak; and its name was called Allon Bacuth.
9. And God was seen by Jacob again, when he was coming from Paddan Aram; and He blessed him.
10. And God said to him, Your name is Jacob; your name will no longer be called Jacob, but indeed Israel will be your name; and He called his name Israel.
11. And God said to him, I am God Shaddai, be fruitful and multiply; a nation and a company of nations will be from you, and kings will go out from your loins.
12. And the land which I gave to Abraham and Isaac I will give to you, and to your seed after you I will give the land.
13. And God went up from over him in the place where He talked to him.
14. And Jacob set up a pillar in the place where He talked to him, a stone pillar, and poured out a drink-offering onto it, and poured oil onto it.
15. And Jacob called the name of the place where God spoke to him, Bethel.
16. And they travelled on from Bethel, and there was still a stretch of land to go to Ephrath; and Rachel gave birth, and suffered severely' in giving birth.
17. And it happened in her suffering severely, 2 in giving birth, that the midwife said to her, Do not be afraid, for this also is a son for you.
18. And it happened as her soul was departing, when she was about to die, that she called his name Ben-oni; and his father called him Benjamin.
19. And Rachel died, and was buried on the way to Ephrath, that is, Bethlehem.
20. And Jacob set up a pillar over her grave; this is the pillar of Rachel's grave even to this day.
21. And Israel travelled on and pitched his tent beyond the tower of Eder.
22. And it happened while Israel was residing in that land, that Reuben went and lay with Bilhah his father's concubine; and Israel heard of it. And the sons of Jacob were twelve.
23. The sons of Leah: Reuben, Jacob's firstborn, and Simeon, and Levi, and Judah, and Issachar, and Zebulun.
24. The sons of Rachel: Joseph and Benjamin.
25. And the sons of Bilhah, Rachel's servant-girl: Dan and Naphtali.
26. And the sons of Zilpah, Leah's servant-girl: Gad and Asher. These are the sons of Jacob who were born to him in Paddan Aram.
27. And Jacob came to Isaac his father, to Mamre, Kiriath Arba, which is Hebron, where Abraham and Isaac sojourned.
28. And the days of Issac were a hundred and eighty years.
29. And Isaac breathed his last, and died, and was gathered to his peoples, old and full of days. And Esau and Jacob his sons buried him.

1. literally, walked

2. literally, hard things

-----

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From Swedenborg's Works

Inbound References:

Arcana Coelestia 4600, 5044, 5136, 5313, 5360, 5373, 5433, 5577, 6304, 6649, 6693, 6796, 7108, 7297, 7351, 7547, 7598, 8011, 8043, 8211, 8650, 8732, 8891, 8902, 8904, 9042, 9166, 9198, 9262, 9325, 9336, 9408, 9420, 9596, 9666, 9818, 10373, 10545

The New Jerusalem and its Heavenly Doctrine 1, 121, 246


References from Swedenborg's unpublished works:

Apocalypse Explained 9, 29, 36, 175, 242

Other New Christian Commentary

Thanks to the Swedenborg Society for the permission to use this translation.


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