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Jeremia 48

German: Elberfelder (1905)         

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1 Über Moab. So spricht Jehova der Heerscharen, der Gott Israels: Wehe über Nebo! Denn es ist verwüstet. Zu Schanden geworden, eingenommen ist Kirjathaim; zu Schanden geworden ist die hohe Feste und bestürzt.

2 Moabs Ruhm ist dahin. In Hesbon hat man Böses ersonnen gegen dasselbe: "Kommt und laßt es uns ausrotten, daß es keine Nation mehr sei!" Auch du, Madmen, wirst vernichtet werden; das Schwert zieht hinter dir her.

3 Horch! Ein Geschrei aus Horonaim: Verheerung und große Zertrümmerung!

4 Moab ist zerschmettert, seine Geringen haben ein lautes Geschrei erhoben.

5 Denn die Anhöhe von Luchith steigt man mit Weinen hinauf, mit Weinen; denn am Abhang von Horonaim hat man Angstgeschrei der Zerschmetterung gehört.

6 Fliehet, rettet euer Leben, und seid wie ein Entblößter in der Wüste!

7 Denn weil du auf deine Werke und auf deine Schätze vertrautest, sollst auch du eingenommen werden; und Kamos wird in die Gefangenschaft ziehen, seine Priester und seine Fürsten allzumal.

8 Und der Verwüster wird über jede Stadt kommen, und keine Stadt wird entrinnen; und das Tal wird zu Grunde gehen und die Ebene vernichtet werden, wie Jehova gesprochen hat.

9 Gebet Moab Flügel, denn fliegend wird es wegziehen; und seine Städte werden zur Wüste werden, so daß niemand darin wohnt.

10 Verflucht sei, wer das Werk Jehovas lässig treibt, und verflucht, wer sein Schwert vom Blute zurückhält!

11 Sorglos war Moab von seiner Jugend an, und still lag es auf seinen Hefen und wurde nicht ausgeleert von Faß zu Faß, und in die Gefangenschaft ist es nie gezogen; daher ist sein Geschmack ihm geblieben und sein Geruch nicht verändert.

12 Darum siehe, Tage kommen, spricht Jehova, da ich ihm Schröter senden werde, die es schroten und seine Fässer ausleeren und seine Krüge zerschmeißen werden.

13 Und Moab wird sich über Kamos schämen, gleichwie das Haus Israel sich geschämt hat über Bethel, ihre Zuversicht.

14 Wie sprechet ihr: Wir sind Helden und tapfere Männer zum Streit?

15 Moab ist verwüstet, und seine Städte hat man erstiegen, und die Auswahl seiner Jünglinge ist zur Schlachtung hingestürzt, spricht der König, Jehova der Heerscharen ist sein Name.

16 Moabs Verderben steht nahe bevor, und sein Unglück eilt sehr.

17 Beklaget es, ihr seine Umwohner alle, und alle, die ihr seinen Namen kennet! Sprechet: Wie ist zerbrochen das Zepter der Macht, der Stab der Majestät!

18 Steige herab von der Herrlichkeit und wohne in dürrem Lande, du Bewohnerin, Tochter Dibons; denn Moabs Verwüster ist wider dich heraufgezogen, hat deine Festen zerstört.

19 Tritt an den Weg und schaue, Bewohnerin von Aroer! Frage den Fliehenden und die Entronnenen, sprich: Was ist geschehen?

20 Moab ist zu Schanden geworden, denn es ist bestürzt. Heulet und schreiet, verkündet am Arnon, daß Moab verwüstet ist!

21 Und das Gericht ist gekommen über das Land der Ebene, über Cholon und über Jahza und über Mephaath,

22 und über Dibon und über Nebo und über Beth-Diblathaim,

23 und über Kirjathaim und über Beth-Gamul und über Beth-Meon,

24 und über Kerijoth und über Bozra, und über alle Städte des Landes Moab, die fernen und die nahen.

25 Das Horn Moabs ist abgehauen, und sein Arm ist zerschmettert, spricht Jehova.

26 Berauschet es, denn wider Jehova hat es großgetan, damit Moab sich wälze in seinem Gespei und auch selbst zum Gelächter werde!

27 Oder war dir Israel nicht zum Gelächter? Oder war es unter Dieben ertappt worden, daß, sooft du von ihm sprachest, du den Kopf schütteltest?

28 Verlasset die Städte und wohnet in den Felsen, ihr Bewohner von Moab, und seid wie die Taube, welche an den Rändern des Abgrundes nistet!

29 Wir haben vernommen den Hochmut Moabs, des sehr hochmütigen, seinen Stolz und seinen Hochmut und seine Hoffart und die Erhebung seines Herzens.

30 Ich kenne wohl sein Wüten, spricht Jehova, und sein eitles Prahlen; unwahr haben sie gehandelt.

31 Darum jammere ich über Moab, und wegen ganz Moab schreie ich; über die Leute von Kir-Heres seufzt man.

32 Mehr als das Weinen Jasers weine ich über dich, du Weinstock von Sibma; deine Ranken gingen über das Meer, sie reichten bis zum Meere von Jaser. Über deine Obsternte und über deine Weinlese ist der Verwüster hergefallen,

33 und verschwunden sind Freude und Frohlocken aus dem Fruchtgefilde und aus dem Lande Moab. Und dem Weine aus den Kufen habe ich ein Ende gemacht: Man tritt nicht mehr die Kelter unter Jubelruf; der laute Ruf ist kein Jubelruf.

34 Von dem Geschrei Hesbons haben sie bis Elale, bis Jahaz ihre Stimme erschallen lassen, von Zoar bis Horonaim, bis Eglath-Schelischija; denn auch die Wasser von Nimrim sollen zu Wüsten werden.

35 Und ich mache ein Ende in Moab, spricht Jehova, dem, der auf die Höhe steigt und seinen Göttern räuchert.

36 Deshalb klagt gleich Flöten mein Herz um Moab, und klagt gleich Flöten mein Herz um die Leute von Kir-Heres. Deshalb geht, was es erübrigt hat, zu Grunde.

37 Denn jedes Haupt ist kahl und jeder Bart abgeschoren; auf allen Händen sind Ritze, und Sacktuch ist an den Lenden.

38 Auf allen Dächern Moabs und auf seinen Straßen ist lauter Klage; denn ich habe Moab zerbrochen wie ein Gefäß, an dem man kein Gefallen hat, spricht Jehova.

39 Wie ist es bestürzt! Sie heulen. Wie hat Moab den Rücken gewandt vor Scham! Und allen seinen Umwohnern wird Moab zum Gelächter und zur Bestürzung sein.

40 Denn so spricht Jehova: Siehe, wie der Adler fliegt er daher und breitet seine Flügel aus über Moab.

41 Kerijoth ist eingenommen, und die Festen sind erobert. Und das Herz der Helden Moabs wird an selbigem Tage sein wie das Herz eines Weibes in Kindesnöten.

42 Und Moab wird vertilgt werden, daß es kein Volk mehr sei, weil es großgetan hat wider Jehova.

43 Grauen und Grube und Garn über dich, du Bewohner von Moab! spricht Jehova.

44 Wer vor dem Grauen flieht, wird in die Grube fallen, und wer aus der Grube heraufsteigt, wird in dem Garne gefangen werden; denn ich bringe über dasselbe, über Moab, das Jahr seiner Heimsuchung, spricht Jehova.

45 Im Schatten Hesbons bleiben Flüchtlinge kraftlos stehen; denn ein Feuer ist ausgegangen von Hesbon und eine Flamme aus der Mitte Sihons, und hat die Seite Moabs verzehrt und den Scheitel der Söhne des Getümmels.

46 Wehe dir, Moab! Verloren ist das Volk des Kamos! Denn deine Söhne sind als Gefangene weggeführt, und deine Töchter in die Gefangenschaft. -

47 Aber ich werde die Gefangenschaft Moabs wenden am Ende der Tage, spricht Jehova. Bis hierher das Gericht über Moab.

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Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 2468

der Propheten und der Psalmen Davids 114


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcana Coelestia 375, 583, 1589, 1825, 2240, 2418, 2608, ...

Apocalypse Revealed 47, 166, 194, 204, 270, 316, 485, ...

Die Lehre vom Herrn 4, 39, 53

Die Lehre des neuen Jerusalem von der Heiligen Schrift 35, 103

Himmel und Hölle 365

Wahre Christliche Religion 93, 158, 265, 683


References from Swedenborg's unpublished works:

Apocalypse Explained 195, 223, 235, 316, 376, 411, 417, ...

Coronis oder Anhang zur Wahren Christlichen Religion 56

De Verbo (The Word) 10, 15, 25

Marriage 93

Scriptural Confirmations 4, 51

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Word/Phrase Explanations

spricht
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

heerscharen
Armies of the heavens and the sands of the sea ('Jeremiah 33:15-22') signify the knowledges of truth and good in the spiritual and natural ma{ign21}

Gott
The Lord is love itself, expressed in the form of wisdom itself. Love, then, is His essence, His inmost. Wisdom - the loving understanding of...

Israels
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

moabs
'Moab,' in a positive sense, signifies people who are in natural good, and allow themselves to be easily seduced, but in an opposite sense, it...

uns
Angels do give us guidance, but they are mere helpers; the Lord alone governs us, through angels and spirits. Since angels have their assisting role,...

Nation
'Nations' signify people who are in the good of love and charity from the Lord. Two nations in the womb,' as in Genesis 25:23, signify...

Schwert
A 'sword,' in the Word, signifies the truth of faith combating and the vastation of truth. In an opposite sense, it signifies falsity combating and...

hinter
Behind, or after, (Gen. 16:13), signifies within or above, or an interior or superior principle.

weinen
'Weeping' represents both sorrow and love.

gehört
'To hearken to father and mother,' as mentioned in Genesis 28:7, signifies obedience from affection. 'To hearken,' as mentioned in Genesis 30:22, signifies providence. See...

Wüste
'Wilderness' signifies something with little life in it, as described in the internal sense in Luke 1:80 'Wilderness' signifies somewhere there is no good because...

Schätze
'Treasuries' denote knowledges of good and truth, and, in the opposite sense, evil and falsity.

Priester
Priests' represent the Lord regarding His divine good. When they do not acknowledge the Lord, they lose their signification of the Lord.

Kommen
Coming (Gen. 41:14) denotes communication by influx.

Tal
Mountains in the Bible represent people's highest points, where we are closest to the Lord - our love of the Lord and the state of...

gesprochen
Like "say," the word "speak" refers to thoughts and feelings moving from our more internal spiritual levels to our more external ones – and ultimately...

Städte
Cities of the mountain and cities of the plain (Jer. 33:13) signify doctrines of charity and faith.

wohnt
'Inhabit' refers to good.

hefen
'Lees' signify truths from good.

Geschmack
Our five senses correspond to spiritual affections, or the attraction we feel toward spiritual things. The sense of taste, according to the Writings, corresponds to...

Geruch
Fragrance means the affection of truth derived from good.

Tage
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

senden
'Being sent' everywhere signifies, in an internal sense, going forth, as in John 17:8. In similar manner, it is said of the holy of the...

Haus
A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

Bethel
When Jacob had his famous dream, of a staircase leading to heaven, he named the place "Bethel," which is Hebrew for "the house of God."...

König
The human mind is composed of two parts, a will and an understanding, a seat of loves and affections, and a seat of wisdom and...

Name
It's easy to see that names are important in the Bible. Jehovah changed Abram and Sarai to Abraham and Sarah, changed Jacob to Israel and...

stab
'A tribe' signifies the church with respect to its truths and goods, and in the opposite sense, with respect to its falsities and evils. 'A...

tochter
"Behold I have two daughters,” etc. (Gen. 19:8), signifies the affections of good and truth, and the blessedness perceivable from the enjoyment thereof, by those...

Weg
'To set a way,' as in Genesis 30:36, signifies being separated.

Land
'Lands' of different nations are used in the Word to signify the different kinds of love prevalent in the inhabitants.

Bozra
Bosrah, as in Isaiah 63:1 signifies a vintage, which is predicated concerning truth. Bozrah has respect to the divine truth, and Edom, to the divine...

Horn
'A horn,' when spoken of the Lord, signifies omnipotence. 'The little horn that rose up,' as mentioned in Daniel 7:3-8, signifies the full perversion of...

Arm
Arms and feet (Daniel 10:6) signify the exterior things of the Word, which are its literal sense.

Felsen
'Rocks' signify the good and truth of faith.

Taube
'A turtle dove' and 'young pigeon,' as in Genesis 15:9, represents exterior and interior spiritual things.

Stolz
'Pride' signifies the love of self.

Jaser
'Jaser' signifies false principles.

Sibma
'Sibmah' signifies the members of the external church, who explain the Word to favor worldly love.

Meer
Water generally represents what Swedenborg calls “natural truth,” or true concepts about day-to-day matters and physical things. Since all water ultimately flows into the seas,...

hesbons
'Heshbon,' as mentioned in Jeremiah 49:3, signifies the fructification of truth in the natural self.

stimme
'Voice' signifies what is announced from the Word. 'Voice' often refers and is applied to things that cannot have a voice, as in Exodus 4,...

Zoar
Zoar, a city mentioned in Genesis 8:10, signifies the affection of goodness. Zoar was located not far from Sodom; Lot fled to Zoar after he...

Wasser
'Waters' signify truths in the natural self, and in the opposite sense, falsities. 'Waters' signify particularly the spiritual parts of a person, or the intellectual...

Herz
The heart means love. A good heart means love to the Lord and to the neighbor while a hard or stony heart means the love...

kahl
'A bald head' signifies the Word deprived of the natural sense, which is the sense of the letter.

sacktuch
'Being clothed in sackcloth' signifies lamentation because of the devastation of truth in the church. 'Sackcloth,' as in Revelation 6:12, relates to destroyed good.

lenden
'Loins' in general, signify love, and when referring to the Lord, divine love. 'Loins' signify the interiors of conjugial love. Loins,' as in Isaiah 11:5,...

heulen
To howl' signifies grief caused by vastation.

adler
Eagle wings, referred to in Daniel 7:3, signify rational principles grounded in man's proprium.

Flügel
'Wings' signify spiritual truths. 'Wings,' when related to the Lord, signify the divine spiritual. In the opposite sense, 'wings' relate to falsities and rationalizations from...

Vor
In most cases, the meaning of "before" is pretty straightforward, both as a way of assessing relative time, and in its use meaning "in someone's...

flieht
Flight, as in Matthew 14:20, signifies removal from a state of the good of love and innocence. Flight, as in Mark 8:18, signifies the last...

fallen
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "fall" is highly dependent on context in regular language, and is highly dependent on context in a spiritual...

gefangen
"Catching" is used in a variety of ways in the Bible, both positive and negative. Thieves get caught; the Egyptians caught up with the Children...

Heimsuchung
The end time of the church and each individual, is called 'the visitation,' and precedes judgment. 'Visitation' is nothing but an exploration of the quality...

Schatten
'The shadow is good' of the oak, poplar and elm means complacence.

bleiben
'To stay with,' as in Genesis 32:4, relates to the life of truth when accompanied by good, and in this instance, it means to take...

Stehen
'To stand,' and 'come forth' as in Daniel 7:10, refers to truth. In Genesis 24:13, it signifies a state of conjunction of divine truth with...

feuer
Just as natural fire can be both comforting in keeping you warm or scary in burning down your house, so fire in the spiritual sense...

Söhne
'A son,' as in Genesis 5:28, signifies the rise of a new church. 'Son,' as in Genesis 24:3, signifies the Lord’s rationality regarding good. 'A...

Gefangenschaft
Captivity and spoil (Daniel 11:33) signifies the deprivation of every truth and good.

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Apocalypse Revealed # 47

Apocalypse Revealed (Rogers translation)      

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47. His head and hair were white like wool, as white as snow. (1:14) This symbolizes the Divine love accompanying Divine wisdom in first things and last.

A person's head symbolizes everything connected with his life, and everything connected with a person's life has some relation to love and wisdom. A head consequently symbolizes both wisdom and love. However, because there is no love without its wisdom, nor wisdom without its love, therefore it is the love accompanying wisdom that is meant by a head; and when describing the Lord, it is the Divine love accompanying Divine wisdom. But on the symbolism of the head in the Word, more will be seen in nos. 538 and 568 below.

Since a head means both love and wisdom in their first forms, it follows accordingly that hair means love and wisdom in their final forms. And because the hair mentioned here describes the Son of Man, who is the Lord in relation to the Word, His hair symbolizes the Divine good connected with love, and the Divine truth connected with wisdom, in the outmost expressions of the Word - the outmost expressions of the Word being those contained in its literal sense.

[2] The idea that the hair of the Son of Man or the Lord symbolizes the Word in this sense may seem absurd, but still it is the truth. This can be seen from passages in the Word that we cited in The Doctrine of the New Jerusalem Regarding the Sacred Scripture, nos. 35 and 49. We showed there as well that Nazirites in the Israelite Church represented the Lord in relation to the Word in its outmost expressions, which is its literal sense, as a nazir in Hebrew is a hair or head of hair. 1 That is why the power of Samson, who was a Nazirite from the womb, lay in his hair. The Divine truth similarly has power in the literal sense of the Word, as may be seen in the aforementioned Doctrine Regarding the Sacred Scripture, nos. 37-49.

For the same reason, too, the high priest and his sons were strictly forbidden to shave their heads.

For that reason as well, forty-two of the boys who called Elisha a baldhead were torn apart by two she-bears. Like Elijah, Elisha represented the Lord in relation to the Word. A baldhead symbolizes the Word without its outmost expression, which, as said, is its literal sense, and she-bears symbolize this sense of the Word divorced from its inner meaning. Those who so divorce it, moreover, appear in the spiritual world as bears, though only at a distance. It is apparent from this why what happened to the boys happened as it did.

It was, therefore, also the highest disgrace and a mark of extreme mourning to inflict baldness.

(Odkazy: 2 Kings 2:23-24; Teachings about the Sacred Scripture 35-39, 37-49)


[3] Accordingly, when the Israelite nation had completely perverted the literal sense of the Word, this lamentation over them was composed:

Her Nazirites were whiter than snow, brighter white than milk... Darker than blackness is their form. They go unrecognized in the streets. (Lamentations 4:7-8)

Furthermore:

Every head was made bald, and every shoulder shaved bare. (Ezekiel 29:18)

Shame will be on every face, and baldness on all their heads. (Ezekiel 7:18)

So similarly Isaiah 15:2, Jeremiah 48:37, Amos 8:10.

Because the children of Israel by falsities completely dissipated the literal sense of the Word, therefore the prophet Ezekiel was commanded to represent this by shaving his head with a razor and burning a third part with fire, striking a third part with a sword, and scattering a third part to the wind, and by gathering a small amount in his skirts, to cast it, too, afterward into the fire (Ezekiel 5:1-4).

[4] Therefore it is also said in Micah:

Make yourself bald and cut off your hair, because of your precious children; enlarge your baldness like an eagle, for they have departed from you. (Micah 1:16)

The precious children are the church's genuine truths from the Word.

Moreover, because Nebuchadnezzar, king of Babylon, represented Babylon's falsification of the Word and destruction of every truth there, it accordingly came to pass that his hair grew like eagles' feathers (Daniel 4:33).

Since the hair symbolized that holy component of the Word, therefore it is said of Nazirites that they were not to shave the hair of their head, because it was the consecration of God upon their head (Numbers 6:1-21). And therefore it was decreed that the high priest and his sons were not to shave their heads, lest they die and the whole house of Israel be angered (Leviticus 10:6).

[5] Now, because hair symbolizes Divine truth in its outmost expressions, which in the church is the Word in its literal sense, therefore something similar is said also of the Ancient of Days in Daniel:

I watched till the thrones were thrown down, and the Ancient of Days was seated. His garment was as white as snow, and the hair of His head like pure wool. (Daniel 7:9)

That the Ancient of Days is the Lord is clearly apparent in Micah:

You, Bethlehem Ephrathah, though you are little among the thousands of Judah, yet out of you shall come forth to Me the One to be Ruler in Israel, whose goings forth are from antiquity, from days of old. (Micah 5:2)

And in Isaiah, where He is called Everlasting Father (Isaiah 9:6).

[6] From these passages and many others - too many to cite - it can be seen that the head and hair of the Son of Man, which were like wool, as white as snow, mean the Divine expression of love and wisdom in first things and last. And because the Son of Man means the Lord in relation to the Word, it follows that the Word, too, is meant in its first elements and last. Why else should it be that the Lord here in the book of Revelation and the Ancient of Days in Daniel are described even in respect to their hair?

That hair symbolizes the literal sense of the Word is clearly apparent from people in the spiritual world. Those who have scorned the literal sense of the Word appear bald there, and conversely, those who have loved the literal sense of the Word appear possessed of handsome hair.

The head and hair are described as being like wool and like snow because wool symbolizes goodness in outmost expressions, and snow symbolizes truth in outward expressions - as is the case also in Isaiah 1:18 2 - inasmuch as wool comes from sheep, which symbolize the goodness of charity, and snow comes from water, which symbolizes truths of faith.

-----
Footnotes:

1. The Hebrew נָזִיר (nazir) fundamentally means "one consecrated" or "one set apart;" but as a condition of the Nazirite vow was to let the hair grow, by extension a cognate word נֵזֶר (nezer) came to mean also the hair of a Nazirite's consecration, and by analogy, a woman's long hair.

2. "Come now, and let us reason together," says Jehovah. "Though your sins be like scarlet, they shall be as white as snow; though they be red like crimson, they shall be as wool."

-----

(Odkazy: 2 Kings 2:23-24)

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De Verbo (The Word) 10

Sacred Scripture 49

True Christianity 223


Thanks to the General Church of the New Jerusalem for the permission to use this translation.


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