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Jeremia 48

German: Elberfelder (1905)         

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1 Über Moab. So spricht Jehova der Heerscharen, der Gott Israels: Wehe über Nebo! Denn es ist verwüstet. Zu Schanden geworden, eingenommen ist Kirjathaim; zu Schanden geworden ist die hohe Feste und bestürzt.

2 Moabs Ruhm ist dahin. In Hesbon hat man Böses ersonnen gegen dasselbe: "Kommt und laßt es uns ausrotten, daß es keine Nation mehr sei!" Auch du, Madmen, wirst vernichtet werden; das Schwert zieht hinter dir her.

3 Horch! Ein Geschrei aus Horonaim: Verheerung und große Zertrümmerung!

4 Moab ist zerschmettert, seine Geringen haben ein lautes Geschrei erhoben.

5 Denn die Anhöhe von Luchith steigt man mit Weinen hinauf, mit Weinen; denn am Abhang von Horonaim hat man Angstgeschrei der Zerschmetterung gehört.

6 Fliehet, rettet euer Leben, und seid wie ein Entblößter in der Wüste!

7 Denn weil du auf deine Werke und auf deine Schätze vertrautest, sollst auch du eingenommen werden; und Kamos wird in die Gefangenschaft ziehen, seine Priester und seine Fürsten allzumal.

8 Und der Verwüster wird über jede Stadt kommen, und keine Stadt wird entrinnen; und das Tal wird zu Grunde gehen und die Ebene vernichtet werden, wie Jehova gesprochen hat.

9 Gebet Moab Flügel, denn fliegend wird es wegziehen; und seine Städte werden zur Wüste werden, so daß niemand darin wohnt.

10 Verflucht sei, wer das Werk Jehovas lässig treibt, und verflucht, wer sein Schwert vom Blute zurückhält!

11 Sorglos war Moab von seiner Jugend an, und still lag es auf seinen Hefen und wurde nicht ausgeleert von Faß zu Faß, und in die Gefangenschaft ist es nie gezogen; daher ist sein Geschmack ihm geblieben und sein Geruch nicht verändert.

12 Darum siehe, Tage kommen, spricht Jehova, da ich ihm Schröter senden werde, die es schroten und seine Fässer ausleeren und seine Krüge zerschmeißen werden.

13 Und Moab wird sich über Kamos schämen, gleichwie das Haus Israel sich geschämt hat über Bethel, ihre Zuversicht.

14 Wie sprechet ihr: Wir sind Helden und tapfere Männer zum Streit?

15 Moab ist verwüstet, und seine Städte hat man erstiegen, und die Auswahl seiner Jünglinge ist zur Schlachtung hingestürzt, spricht der König, Jehova der Heerscharen ist sein Name.

16 Moabs Verderben steht nahe bevor, und sein Unglück eilt sehr.

17 Beklaget es, ihr seine Umwohner alle, und alle, die ihr seinen Namen kennet! Sprechet: Wie ist zerbrochen das Zepter der Macht, der Stab der Majestät!

18 Steige herab von der Herrlichkeit und wohne in dürrem Lande, du Bewohnerin, Tochter Dibons; denn Moabs Verwüster ist wider dich heraufgezogen, hat deine Festen zerstört.

19 Tritt an den Weg und schaue, Bewohnerin von Aroer! Frage den Fliehenden und die Entronnenen, sprich: Was ist geschehen?

20 Moab ist zu Schanden geworden, denn es ist bestürzt. Heulet und schreiet, verkündet am Arnon, daß Moab verwüstet ist!

21 Und das Gericht ist gekommen über das Land der Ebene, über Cholon und über Jahza und über Mephaath,

22 und über Dibon und über Nebo und über Beth-Diblathaim,

23 und über Kirjathaim und über Beth-Gamul und über Beth-Meon,

24 und über Kerijoth und über Bozra, und über alle Städte des Landes Moab, die fernen und die nahen.

25 Das Horn Moabs ist abgehauen, und sein Arm ist zerschmettert, spricht Jehova.

26 Berauschet es, denn wider Jehova hat es großgetan, damit Moab sich wälze in seinem Gespei und auch selbst zum Gelächter werde!

27 Oder war dir Israel nicht zum Gelächter? Oder war es unter Dieben ertappt worden, daß, sooft du von ihm sprachest, du den Kopf schütteltest?

28 Verlasset die Städte und wohnet in den Felsen, ihr Bewohner von Moab, und seid wie die Taube, welche an den Rändern des Abgrundes nistet!

29 Wir haben vernommen den Hochmut Moabs, des sehr hochmütigen, seinen Stolz und seinen Hochmut und seine Hoffart und die Erhebung seines Herzens.

30 Ich kenne wohl sein Wüten, spricht Jehova, und sein eitles Prahlen; unwahr haben sie gehandelt.

31 Darum jammere ich über Moab, und wegen ganz Moab schreie ich; über die Leute von Kir-Heres seufzt man.

32 Mehr als das Weinen Jasers weine ich über dich, du Weinstock von Sibma; deine Ranken gingen über das Meer, sie reichten bis zum Meere von Jaser. Über deine Obsternte und über deine Weinlese ist der Verwüster hergefallen,

33 und verschwunden sind Freude und Frohlocken aus dem Fruchtgefilde und aus dem Lande Moab. Und dem Weine aus den Kufen habe ich ein Ende gemacht: Man tritt nicht mehr die Kelter unter Jubelruf; der laute Ruf ist kein Jubelruf.

34 Von dem Geschrei Hesbons haben sie bis Elale, bis Jahaz ihre Stimme erschallen lassen, von Zoar bis Horonaim, bis Eglath-Schelischija; denn auch die Wasser von Nimrim sollen zu Wüsten werden.

35 Und ich mache ein Ende in Moab, spricht Jehova, dem, der auf die Höhe steigt und seinen Göttern räuchert.

36 Deshalb klagt gleich Flöten mein Herz um Moab, und klagt gleich Flöten mein Herz um die Leute von Kir-Heres. Deshalb geht, was es erübrigt hat, zu Grunde.

37 Denn jedes Haupt ist kahl und jeder Bart abgeschoren; auf allen Händen sind Ritze, und Sacktuch ist an den Lenden.

38 Auf allen Dächern Moabs und auf seinen Straßen ist lauter Klage; denn ich habe Moab zerbrochen wie ein Gefäß, an dem man kein Gefallen hat, spricht Jehova.

39 Wie ist es bestürzt! Sie heulen. Wie hat Moab den Rücken gewandt vor Scham! Und allen seinen Umwohnern wird Moab zum Gelächter und zur Bestürzung sein.

40 Denn so spricht Jehova: Siehe, wie der Adler fliegt er daher und breitet seine Flügel aus über Moab.

41 Kerijoth ist eingenommen, und die Festen sind erobert. Und das Herz der Helden Moabs wird an selbigem Tage sein wie das Herz eines Weibes in Kindesnöten.

42 Und Moab wird vertilgt werden, daß es kein Volk mehr sei, weil es großgetan hat wider Jehova.

43 Grauen und Grube und Garn über dich, du Bewohner von Moab! spricht Jehova.

44 Wer vor dem Grauen flieht, wird in die Grube fallen, und wer aus der Grube heraufsteigt, wird in dem Garne gefangen werden; denn ich bringe über dasselbe, über Moab, das Jahr seiner Heimsuchung, spricht Jehova.

45 Im Schatten Hesbons bleiben Flüchtlinge kraftlos stehen; denn ein Feuer ist ausgegangen von Hesbon und eine Flamme aus der Mitte Sihons, und hat die Seite Moabs verzehrt und den Scheitel der Söhne des Getümmels.

46 Wehe dir, Moab! Verloren ist das Volk des Kamos! Denn deine Söhne sind als Gefangene weggeführt, und deine Töchter in die Gefangenschaft. -

47 Aber ich werde die Gefangenschaft Moabs wenden am Ende der Tage, spricht Jehova. Bis hierher das Gericht über Moab.

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Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 2468

der Propheten und der Psalmen Davids 114


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcana Coelestia 375, 583, 1589, 1825, 2240, 2418, 2608, ...

Apocalypse Revealed 47, 166, 194, 204, 270, 316, 485, ...

Die Lehre vom Herrn 4, 39, 53

Die Lehre des neuen Jerusalem von der Heiligen Schrift 35, 103

Himmel und Hölle 365

Wahre Christliche Religion 93, 158, 265, 683


References from Swedenborg's unpublished works:

Apocalypse Explained 195, 223, 235, 316, 376, 411, 417, ...

Coronis oder Anhang zur Wahren Christlichen Religion 56

De Verbo (The Word) 10, 15, 25

Marriage 93

Scriptural Confirmations 4, 51

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Word/Phrase Explanations

spricht
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

heerscharen
Armies of the heavens and the sands of the sea ('Jeremiah 33:15-22') signify the knowledges of truth and good in the spiritual and natural ma{ign21}

Gott
The Lord is love itself, expressed in the form of wisdom itself. Love, then, is His essence, His inmost. Wisdom - the loving understanding of...

Israels
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

moabs
'Moab,' in a positive sense, signifies people who are in natural good, and allow themselves to be easily seduced, but in an opposite sense, it...

uns
Angels do give us guidance, but they are mere helpers; the Lord alone governs us, through angels and spirits. Since angels have their assisting role,...

Nation
'Nations' signify people who are in the good of love and charity from the Lord. Two nations in the womb,' as in Genesis 25:23, signify...

Schwert
A 'sword,' in the Word, signifies the truth of faith combating and the vastation of truth. In an opposite sense, it signifies falsity combating and...

hinter
Behind, or after, (Gen. 16:13), signifies within or above, or an interior or superior principle.

weinen
'Weeping' represents both sorrow and love.

gehört
'To hearken to father and mother,' as mentioned in Genesis 28:7, signifies obedience from affection. 'To hearken,' as mentioned in Genesis 30:22, signifies providence. See...

Wüste
'Wilderness' signifies something with little life in it, as described in the internal sense in Luke 1:80 'Wilderness' signifies somewhere there is no good because...

Schätze
'Treasuries' denote knowledges of good and truth, and, in the opposite sense, evil and falsity.

Priester
Priests' represent the Lord regarding His divine good. When they do not acknowledge the Lord, they lose their signification of the Lord.

Kommen
Coming (Gen. 41:14) denotes communication by influx.

Tal
Mountains in the Bible represent people's highest points, where we are closest to the Lord - our love of the Lord and the state of...

gesprochen
Like "say," the word "speak" refers to thoughts and feelings moving from our more internal spiritual levels to our more external ones – and ultimately...

Städte
Cities of the mountain and cities of the plain (Jer. 33:13) signify doctrines of charity and faith.

wohnt
'Inhabit' refers to good.

hefen
'Lees' signify truths from good.

Geschmack
Our five senses correspond to spiritual affections, or the attraction we feel toward spiritual things. The sense of taste, according to the Writings, corresponds to...

Geruch
Fragrance means the affection of truth derived from good.

Tage
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

senden
'Being sent' everywhere signifies, in an internal sense, going forth, as in John 17:8. In similar manner, it is said of the holy of the...

Haus
A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

Bethel
When Jacob had his famous dream, of a staircase leading to heaven, he named the place "Bethel," which is Hebrew for "the house of God."...

König
The human mind is composed of two parts, a will and an understanding, a seat of loves and affections, and a seat of wisdom and...

Name
It's easy to see that names are important in the Bible. Jehovah changed Abram and Sarai to Abraham and Sarah, changed Jacob to Israel and...

stab
'A tribe' signifies the church with respect to its truths and goods, and in the opposite sense, with respect to its falsities and evils. 'A...

tochter
"Behold I have two daughters,” etc. (Gen. 19:8), signifies the affections of good and truth, and the blessedness perceivable from the enjoyment thereof, by those...

Weg
'To set a way,' as in Genesis 30:36, signifies being separated.

Land
'Lands' of different nations are used in the Word to signify the different kinds of love prevalent in the inhabitants.

Bozra
Bosrah, as in Isaiah 63:1 signifies a vintage, which is predicated concerning truth. Bozrah has respect to the divine truth, and Edom, to the divine...

Horn
'A horn,' when spoken of the Lord, signifies omnipotence. 'The little horn that rose up,' as mentioned in Daniel 7:3-8, signifies the full perversion of...

Arm
Arms and feet (Daniel 10:6) signify the exterior things of the Word, which are its literal sense.

Felsen
'Rocks' signify the good and truth of faith.

Taube
'A turtle dove' and 'young pigeon,' as in Genesis 15:9, represents exterior and interior spiritual things.

Stolz
'Pride' signifies the love of self.

Jaser
'Jaser' signifies false principles.

Sibma
'Sibmah' signifies the members of the external church, who explain the Word to favor worldly love.

Meer
Water generally represents what Swedenborg calls “natural truth,” or true concepts about day-to-day matters and physical things. Since all water ultimately flows into the seas,...

hesbons
'Heshbon,' as mentioned in Jeremiah 49:3, signifies the fructification of truth in the natural self.

stimme
'Voice' signifies what is announced from the Word. 'Voice' often refers and is applied to things that cannot have a voice, as in Exodus 4,...

Zoar
Zoar, a city mentioned in Genesis 8:10, signifies the affection of goodness. Zoar was located not far from Sodom; Lot fled to Zoar after he...

Wasser
'Waters' signify truths in the natural self, and in the opposite sense, falsities. 'Waters' signify particularly the spiritual parts of a person, or the intellectual...

Herz
The heart means love. A good heart means love to the Lord and to the neighbor while a hard or stony heart means the love...

kahl
'A bald head' signifies the Word deprived of the natural sense, which is the sense of the letter.

sacktuch
'Being clothed in sackcloth' signifies lamentation because of the devastation of truth in the church. 'Sackcloth,' as in Revelation 6:12, relates to destroyed good.

lenden
'Loins' in general, signify love, and when referring to the Lord, divine love. 'Loins' signify the interiors of conjugial love. Loins,' as in Isaiah 11:5,...

heulen
To howl' signifies grief caused by vastation.

adler
Eagle wings, referred to in Daniel 7:3, signify rational principles grounded in man's proprium.

Flügel
'Wings' signify spiritual truths. 'Wings,' when related to the Lord, signify the divine spiritual. In the opposite sense, 'wings' relate to falsities and rationalizations from...

Vor
In most cases, the meaning of "before" is pretty straightforward, both as a way of assessing relative time, and in its use meaning "in someone's...

flieht
Flight, as in Matthew 14:20, signifies removal from a state of the good of love and innocence. Flight, as in Mark 8:18, signifies the last...

fallen
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "fall" is highly dependent on context in regular language, and is highly dependent on context in a spiritual...

gefangen
"Catching" is used in a variety of ways in the Bible, both positive and negative. Thieves get caught; the Egyptians caught up with the Children...

Heimsuchung
The end time of the church and each individual, is called 'the visitation,' and precedes judgment. 'Visitation' is nothing but an exploration of the quality...

Schatten
'The shadow is good' of the oak, poplar and elm means complacence.

bleiben
'To stay with,' as in Genesis 32:4, relates to the life of truth when accompanied by good, and in this instance, it means to take...

Stehen
'To stand,' and 'come forth' as in Daniel 7:10, refers to truth. In Genesis 24:13, it signifies a state of conjunction of divine truth with...

feuer
Just as natural fire can be both comforting in keeping you warm or scary in burning down your house, so fire in the spiritual sense...

Söhne
'A son,' as in Genesis 5:28, signifies the rise of a new church. 'Son,' as in Genesis 24:3, signifies the Lord’s rationality regarding good. 'A...

Gefangenschaft
Captivity and spoil (Daniel 11:33) signifies the deprivation of every truth and good.

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Apocalypse Revealed # 316

Apocalypse Revealed (Rogers translation)      

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316. "And do not harm the oil and the wine." This symbolizes the Lord's provision that they not violate and profane the goods and truths concealed inwardly in the Word.

Oil symbolizes the goodness of love, and wine the truth springing from that goodness. Thus the oil here symbolizes sacred goodness, and the wine sacred truth. The Lord's provision that these not be violated and profaned is symbolized by the people's being told not to harm them. For this instruction came from the midst of the four living creatures, thus from the Lord (no. 314). Whatever the Lord says He also provides. That this is something He provides may be seen in nos. 314 and 255 above.

That oil symbolizes the goodness of love - this we will see in nos. 778, 779 below.

That wine symbolizes the truth springing from that goodness is clear from the following passages:

Everyone who thirsts, come to the waters; and you who have no money, come, buy and eat. Yes..., buy wine and milk without money... (Isaiah 55:1)

It shall come to pass in that day that the mountains will drip new wine, and the hills flow with milk... (Joel 3:18, cf. Amos 9:13-14)

Joy is taken away... from Carmel, and in the vineyards there will be no singing... No treaders will tread out wine in the presses; I have made their shouting cease. (Isaiah 16:10, cf. Jeremiah 48:32-33)

Carmel symbolizes the spiritual church, because it had vineyards there.

(Odkazy: Apocalypse Revealed 778-779; Hosea 14:5-7; Psalms 104:14-16; Revelation 6:6; Zechariah 9:15-17)


[2] ...wail, all you drinkers of wine, because of the new wine, for it has been cut off from your mouth... The vinedressers have wailed... (Joel 1:5, 10-11)

Almost the same images occur in Hosea 9:2-3.

He washes his clothing in wine, and His vesture in the blood of grapes. His eyes are red with wine... (Genesis 49:11-12)

The subject is the Lord, and the wine symbolizes Divine truth. That is why the Lord instituted the Holy Supper, in which the bread symbolizes the Lord in respect to Divine good, and the wine the Lord in respect to Divine truth; and in their recipients the bread symbolizes a sacred goodness, and the wine sacred truth, received from the Lord. Therefore He said,

I say to you, that I will not drink of this fruit of the vine from now on until that day when I drink it new with you... in My Father's kingdom. (Matthew 26:29, cf. Luke 22:18)

Because bread and wine have these symbolic meanings, so too Melchizedek, going to meet Abram, brought out bread and wine, he being a priest of God Most High, and he blessed Abram (Genesis 14:18-19).

(Odkazy: Amos 5:11; Isaiah 24:6-7, 24:9, 24:11; Lamentations 2:11-12; Micah 6:15; Zephaniah 1:13)


[3] The grain offering and drink offering used in sacrifices had similar symbolic meanings, as described in Exodus 29:40, Leviticus 23:12-13, 18-19ff. The grain offering was an offering of wheat flour, thus taking the place of bread, and the drink offering was an offering of wine.

It can be seen from this what these words of the Lord symbolize:

Nor do they put new wine into old wineskins... But they put the... wine into new wineskins, and both are preserved. (Matthew 9:17, cf. Luke 5:37-38)

New wine is the Divine truth in the New Testament, thus in the New Church, and the old wine is the Divine truth in the Old Testament, thus in the old church.

A similar idea is symbolized by these words of the Lord at the wedding in Cana of Galilee:

Every man at the beginning sets out the good wine, and when the guests have well drunk, then the inferior. You have kept the good wine until now! (John 2:1-10)

(Odkazy: Luke 5:37; Numbers 15:2-15, 28:6-7, 28:18-31, 28:18, 29:1-7)


[4] Something similar is symbolized by the wine in the Lord's parable concerning the man wounded by thieves, on whose wound the Samaritan poured oil and wine (Luke 10:33-34); for the man wounded by thieves means people whom the Jews wounded spiritually by evils and falsities, and to whom the Samaritan brought aid by pouring oil and wine on their wounds, that is, by teaching them goodness and truth, and as far as possible, healing them.

Sacred truth is symbolized by wine and new wine also elsewhere in the Word, as in Isaiah 1:21-22; 25:6; 36:17.

(Odkazy: Amos 2:8; Hosea 7:4-5, 7:14, Hosea 14:6-8; Psalms 104:14-15, 104:15; Zechariah 9:15, Zechariah 9:17)


[5] Because of this, a vineyard in the Word symbolizes a church that possesses truths from the Lord.

That wine symbolizes sacred truth can be seen also from its opposite meaning, in which it symbolizes truth falsified and profaned, as in the following places:

Harlotry, wine, and new wine have taken hold of the heart... Their wine is gone, they commit harlotry continually. (Hosea 4:11, 18)

Harlotry symbolizes the falsification of truth, and so, too, do the wine and new wine here.

...in the hand of Jehovah a cup, and He mixed it with wine; He filled it with the mixture and poured it out, and its dregs shall all the wicked of the earth, sucking, drink. (Psalms 75:8)

Babylon was a golden cup in Jehovah's hand, that made all the earth drunk. The nations drank her wine; therefore they are deranged. (Jeremiah 51:7)

Babylon has fallen..., because she has made all nations drink of the wine of the wrath of her fornication... If anyone worships the beast..., he shall also drink of the wine of the wrath of God, which is mixed with undiluted wine in the cup of the wrath (of God). (Revelation 14:8-10)

(Babylon has made) all the nations (drink) of the wine... of her fornication. (Revelation 18:3)

...great Babylon was remembered before God, to give her the cup of the wine of the fury of His wrath. (Revelation 16:19)

...the inhabitants of the earth were made drunk with the wine of her fornication. (Revelation 17:1-2)

(Odkazy: Hosea 4:17-18; Jeremiah 2:7)


[6] The wine that Belshazzar, the king of Babylon, and his lords and wives and concubines drank from the vessels of the Temple in Jerusalem, while they praised the gods of gold, silver, bronze, iron, wood, and stone (Daniel 5:2-4) - that wine symbolized nothing else but the sacred truth of the Word and church profaned, which is why the writing then appeared on the wall, and the king that very night was slain (Daniel 5:25, 30)

Wine symbolizes truth falsified also in Isaiah 5:11-12, 21-22; 28:1, 3, 7; 29:9; 56:11-12.

The drink offering that they poured out as an offering to idols has the same symbolic meaning in Isaiah 65:11; 57:6; Jeremiah 7:18; 44:17-19; Ezekiel 20:28; Deuteronomy 32:38.

It is owing to its correspondence that wine symbolizes sacred truth, and in an opposite sense, truth profaned. For when a person reads "wine" in the Word, angels - who apprehend everything spiritually - have just this interpretation of it. Such is the correspondence between the natural thoughts of people and the spiritual thoughts of angels. The case is the same with the wine in the Holy Supper. That is why the Holy Supper occasions an introduction into heaven (no. 224 at the end).

(Odkazy: Hosea 14:5-7; Jeremiah 13:12-13, 13:12, 23:9-10; Revelation 6:6)

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From Swedenborg's Works

Inbound References:

Apocalypse Revealed 295, 360, 379, 632, 635, 649, 653, 721, 762, 778, 829

True Christian Religion 367

Resources for parents and teachers

The items listed here are provided courtesy of our friends at the General Church of the New Jerusalem. You can search/browse their whole library by following this link.


 Jesus' First Sign at Cana
Each of the seven "signs" in the Gospel of John reveals something about the Lord. On a deeper level the signs also show the miracles the Lord can do in our lives.
Sunday School Lesson | Ages 11 - 17

 The Four Horsemen
A New Church Bible story explanation for teaching Sunday school. Includes lesson materials for Primary (3-8 years), Junior (9-11 years), Intermediate (12-14 years), Senior (15-17 years) and Adults.
Teaching Support | Ages over 3


Thanks to the General Church of the New Jerusalem for the permission to use this translation.


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