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1 Mose 4

German: Elberfelder (1905)         

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1 Und der Mensch erkannte Eva,sein Weib, und sie ward schwanger und gebar Kain; und sie sprach: Ich habe einen Mann erworben mit Jehova.

2 Und sie gebar ferner seinen Bruder, den Abel. Und Abel wurde ein Schafhirt, und Kain wurde ein Ackerbauer.

3 Und es geschah nach Verlauf einer Zeit, da brachte Kain dem Jehova eine Opfergabe von der Frucht des Erdbodens;

4 und Abel, auch er brachte von den Erstlingen seiner Herde und von ihrem Fett. Und Jehova blickte auf Abel und auf seine Opfergabe;

5 aber auf Kain und auf seine Opfergabe blickte er nicht. Und Kain ergrimmte sehr, und sein Antlitz senkte sich.

6 Und Jehova sprach zu Kain: Warum bist du ergrimmt, und warum hat sich dein Antlitz gesenkt?

7 Ist es nicht so, daß es sich erhebt, wenn du wohl tust? Und wenn du nicht wohl tust, so lagert die Sünde vor der Tür. Und nach dir wird sein Verlangen sein, du aber wirst über ihn herrschen.

8 Und Kain sprach zu seinem Bruder Abel; und es geschah, als sie auf dem Felde waren, da erhob sich Kain wider seinen Bruder Abel und erschlug ihn.

9 Und Jehova sprach zu Kain: Wo ist dein Bruder Abel? Und er sprach: Ich weiß nicht; bin ich meines Bruders Hüter?

10 Und er sprach: Was hast du getan! Horch! Das Blut deines Bruders schreit zu mir vom Erdboden her.

11 Und nun, verflucht seiest du von dem Erdboden hinweg, der seinen Mund aufgetan hat, das Blut deines Bruders von deiner Hand zu empfangen!

12 Wenn du den Erdboden bebaust, soll er dir hinfort seine Kraft nicht geben; unstet und flüchtig sollst du sein auf der Erde.

13 Und Kain sprach zu Jehova: Zu groß ist meine Strafe, um sie zu tragen.

14 Siehe, du hast mich heute von der Fläche des Erdbodens vertrieben, und ich werde verborgen sein vor deinem Angesicht und werde unstet und flüchtig sein auf der Erde; und es wird geschehen: wer irgend mich findet, wird mich erschlagen.

15 Und Jehova sprach zu ihm: Darum, jeder, der Kain erschlägt siebenfältig soll es gerächt werden. Und Jehova machte an Kain ein Zeichen, auf daß ihn nicht erschlüge, wer irgend ihn fände.

16 Und Kain ging weg von dem Angesicht Jehovas und wohnte im Lande Nod, östlich von Eden.

17 Und Kain erkannte sein Weib, und sie ward schwanger und gebar Hanoch. Und er baute eine Stadt und benannte die Stadt nach dem Namen seines Sohnes Hanoch.

18 Und dem Hanoch wurde Irad geboren; und Irad zeugte Mehujael, und Mehujael zeugte Methusael, und Methusael zeugte Lamech.

19 Und Lamech nahm sich zwei Weiber; der Name der einen war Ada, und der Name der anderen Zilla.

20 Und Ada gebar Jabal; dieser war der Vater der Zeltbewohner und Herdenbesitzer.

21 Und der Name seines Bruders war Jubal; dieser war der Vater aller derer, welche mit der Laute und der Flöte umgehen.

22 Und Zilla, auch sie gebar Tubalkain, einen Hämmerer von allerlei Schneidewerkzeug aus Erz und Eisen. Und die Schwester Tubalkains war Naama.

23 Und Lamech sprach zu seinen Weibern: Ada und Zilla, höret meine Stimme; Weiber Lamechs, horchet auf meine Rede! Einen Mann erschlug ich für meine Wunde und einen Jüngling für meine Strieme!

24 Wenn Kain siebenfältig gerächt wird, so Lamech siebenundsiebzigfältig.

25 Und Adam erkannte abermals sein Weib, und sie gebar einen Sohn und gab ihm den Namen Seth; denn Gott hat mir einen anderen Samen gesetzt an Stelle Abels, weil Kain ihn erschlagen hat.

26 Und dem Seth, auch ihm wurde ein Sohn geboren, und er gab ihm den Namen Enos. Damals fing man an, den Namen Jehovas anzurufen.

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Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 324, 325, 326, 327, 328, 329, 330, ...

Apocalypse Explained 817

Die Lehre des neuen Jerusalem von der Heiligen Schrift 103

der Propheten und der Psalmen Davids 405

Wahre Christliche Religion 279


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcana Coelestia 337, 346, 347, 348, 349, 485, 527, ...

Wahre Christliche Religion 466


References from Swedenborg's unpublished works:

Apocalypse Explained 427, 838

Spiritual Experiences 323, 4139

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Word/Phrase Explanations

Kain
'Cain' signifies the doctrine of faith separated from love. See Arcana Coelestia 338 and the sections that follow it.

sprach
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

Mann
The relationship between men and women is deep and nuanced, and one entire book of the Writings – Conjugial Love or Love in Marriage –...

jehova
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

Bruder
Brethren (Gen. 27:29) signify the affections of good.

abel
Abel signifies charity or love, in Genesis 4:2. (Divine Providence 242, Arcana Coelestia 325, and Arcana Coelestia 341). Abel signifies celestial love, which is loving...

frucht
We tend to think of "fruit" in two ways in natural language. One is as food that grows on trees and vines, sweet and delicious,...

Herde
A flock, as in Genesis 26, denotes interior or rational good. A flock signifies those who are in spiritual good. A flock signifies natural interior...

Fett
'Fat things full of marrow,' signify goods.

Sünde
In the Word three terms are used to mean bad things that are done. These three are transgression, iniquity, and sin, and they are here...

tür
In a general sense, doors in the Bible represent the initial desires for good and concepts of truth that introduce people to new levels of...

weiß
Like so many common verbs, the meaning of "know" in the Bible is varied and dependent on context. And in some cases – when it...

Blut
Bloods signify evil, in Ezek. 16:9.

Mund
In most cases, "mouth" in the Bible represents thought and logic, especially the kind of active, concrete thought that is connected with speech. The reason...

Hand
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

geben
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

Erde
'Lands' of different nations are used in the Word to signify the different kinds of love prevalent in the inhabitants.

groß
The word "great" is used in the Bible to represent a state with a strong degree of love and affection, of the desire for good;...

heute
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

Vor
In most cases, the meaning of "before" is pretty straightforward, both as a way of assessing relative time, and in its use meaning "in someone's...

erschlagen
'To slay a man to his wounding,' means extinguishing faith, and 'to slay a young man to his hurt,' signifies extinguishing charity, as in Genesis...

gerächt
'To be avenged seventy and seven fold' denotes damnation.

zeichen
'A token,' as in Genesis 9:12, 13, 17, signifies causing it to be.

wohnte
Inhabitants,' in Isaiah 26:9, signify the men of the church who are in good of doctrine, and thence in the good of life.

Eden
According to the Writings, “Eden” by itself means love, in most cases the love that comes from the Lord and our love for the Lord,...

schwanger
To be with child, (Gen. 38:24), signifies to produce something.

Hanoch
'Hanoch' denotes those who are in the truth of faith.

Stadt
Cities of the mountain and cities of the plain (Jer. 33:13) signify doctrines of charity and faith.

Namen
It's easy to see that names are important in the Bible. Jehovah changed Abram and Sarai to Abraham and Sarah, changed Jacob to Israel and...

Irad
'Irad,' the son of Enoch, in Genesis 4:18, signifies heretical doctrine derived from Cain.

geboren
In a general sense, being "born" in the Bible represents one spiritual state producing another, usually some form of love or affection producing or "giving...

zeugte
To beget or to be begotten is very similar in meaning to birth: It represents one spiritual state leading to the next spiritual state. "Beget,"...

Mehujael
'Mehujael' signifies heresies.

Methusael
'Methusael' signifies heresies.

Lamech
Lamech,' as in Genesis 4:18, signifies the vastation of the church when there was no longer any faith. Lamech,' as in Genesis 5:25, signifies the...

zwei
The number "two" has two different meanings in the Bible. In most cases "two" indicates a joining together or unification. This is easy to see...

ada
Adah, Lamech's wife, (Genesis 4:9), represents the mother of the celestial things of faith.

Jabal
'Jabal, the father of people who dwell in tents, and of cattle,' as in Genesis 4:20, signifies doctrine concerning the holy things of love, and...

Vater
Father in the Word means what is most interior, and in those things that are following the Lord's order, it means what is good. In...

Jubal
'Jubal,' as in Genesis 4:21, signifies the doctrine of spiritual things in the new church which succeeded Lamech. Being 'the father of the harp and...

erz
Brass and iron as in Isaiah 48:4 and Daniel 7:19 signify what is hard.

Eisen
'Iron,' in Deuteronomy 8:9, signifies natural or rational truth. Iron' signifies natural truth, and consequently, the natural sense of the Word. At the same time,...

Schwester
The Lord calls people who are in truth from the good of charity from Him 'sisters,' as in Matthew 12:50. 'Sister' denotes intellectual truth, when...

Stimme
'Voice' signifies what is announced from the Word. 'Voice' often refers and is applied to things that cannot have a voice, as in Exodus 4,...

Wunde
'Wound,' as in Exodus 21:25, signifies a hurt done to the affection of love. 'To wound' signifies injuring the mind and spiritual life by falsities.

Adam
Adam is one of the most crucial and most controversial figures in the Bible, dividing even the faithful into camps: those who believe he literally...

Sohn
'A son,' as in Genesis 5:28, signifies the rise of a new church. 'Son,' as in Genesis 24:3, signifies the Lord’s rationality regarding good. 'A...

seth
'Seth,' as in Genesis 4:25 , signifies a new faith which brings charity.

Gott
The Lord is love itself, expressed in the form of wisdom itself. Love, then, is His essence, His inmost. Wisdom - the loving understanding of...

samen
'A seed' signifies love, and everyone who has love, as in Genesis 12:7. 8:15, 16. 'A seed' signifies faith grounded in charity. 'A seed' signifies...

Resources for parents and teachers

The items listed here are provided courtesy of our friends at the General Church of the New Jerusalem. You can search/browse their whole library by following this link.


 Abel, Keeper of Sheep
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

 Cain and Abel
A New Church Bible story explanation for teaching Sunday school. Includes lesson materials for Primary (3-8 years), Junior (9-11 years), Intermediate (12-14 years), Senior (15-17 years) and Adults.
Teaching Support | Ages over 3

 My Brother's Keeper
Worship Talk | Ages over 18

 Questions Asked by God
Article | Ages over 15

 The Fifth Commandment: You Shall Not Murder
Worship Talk | Ages 7 - 14

 The Lord’s Great Mercy
Worship Talk | Ages 7 - 14

 Two Brothers and Their Offerings
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

 Who Obeyed or Disobeyed the Lord?
Use names from a word bank to identify people in the Word who obeyed or who disobeyed the Lord. Story references are provided to help you.
Activity | All Ages

Ze Swedenborgových děl

 

Arcana Coelestia # 353

Arcana Coelestia (Elliott translation)      

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353. 'Fat' means the celestial itself, which also is the Lord's. The celestial consists in everything that is an aspect of love. Faith too is celestial when it has its origin in love. Charity is the celestial, and all good stemming from charity is celestial. All of these were represented by 'the fat' in sacrifices, especially by the fat on the liver or omentum, by the fat on the kidneys, by the fat covering the entrails, and by that actually on the entrails. These were consecrated and burnt on the altar, Exodus 29:13, 22; Leviticus 3:3-4, 14; 4:8-9, 19, 26, 31, 35; 8:16, 25, and were consequently called 'the bread offered by fire for an odour of rest' for Jehovah, 1 Leviticus 3:15-16. For this reason the Jewish people were forbidden to eat any of the fat from animals, and this was called 'a perpetual statute throughout their generations', Leviticus 3:17; 7:23, 25. They were forbidden to do so because that Church was such that it did not acknowledge anything internal, still less anything celestial.

(Odkazy: Leviticus 3:16)


[2] That 'fat' means celestial things and goods that now from charity is clear in the Prophets, as in Isaiah,

Why do you weigh out silver for 2 that which is not bread, and your labour on that which does not satisfy? Hearken diligently to Me, and eat what is good, and your soul will find its delight in fatness. Isaiah 55:2.

In Jeremiah,

I will fill the soul of the priests with fat, and My people will be satisfied with My goodness. Jeremiah 31:14.

Here it is quite clear that 'fat' is not used to mean fat but celestial-spiritual good. In David,

They will be filled with the fat of Your house, and You givest them drink from the river of Your delights; for with You is the fountain of life, in Your light do we see light. Psalms 36:8-9.

Here 'fat' and 'the fountain of life' stand for the celestial, which consists in love, and 'river of delights' and 'light' stand for the spiritual, which consists in faith deriving from love. In the same author,

My soul will be satisfied with fat and fatness, and my mouth will praise You with joyful lips. 3 Psalms 63:5.

Here similarly 'fat' stands for the celestial, 'joyful lips' 3 for the spiritual. It is quite clear that the celestial is meant for the reason that 'the soul will be satisfied'. And first-fruits, which were the firstborn of the earth, are for the same reason called 'fat' in Numbers 18:12.

[3] Since there are countless genera of celestial things, and still more countless species of them, they are described in general in the words of the song which Moses recited to the people,

Butter from the cattle, and milk from the flock, with the fat of lambs and rams, the breed 4 of Bashan, and of goats, with the kidney-fat of wheat; and of the blood of the grape you will drink unmixed wine. Deuteronomy 32:14.

Nobody can possibly know what these expressions mean except from the internal sense. Without the internal sense nobody is able to know what butter from the cattle means, or milk from the flock, or the fat of lambs, or the fat of rams and of goats, or the breed 4 of Bashan, or the kidney-fat of wheat, or the blood of the grape. Without the internal sense they would be mere words and nothing more. In reality every single thing mentioned there means the genera and species of celestial things.


-----
Footnotes:

1. The Latin here means for a rest to Jehovah but comparison with the original Hebrew suggests that Swedenborg intended for an odour of rest, as in 2165:2, 5943:3.


2. or Why do you spend money on


3. literally, lips of songs


4. literally, sons

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(Odkazy: Genesis 4:4)

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From Swedenborg's Works

Inbound References:

Arcana Coelestia 2184, 2341, 2417, 3579, 3600, 3941, 5200, 6409, 9299


References from Swedenborg's unpublished works:

Apocalypse Explained 167, 252, 329


Thanks to the Swedenborg Society for the permission to use this translation.


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