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Hesekiel 44

German: Elberfelder (1905)         

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1 Und er führte mich zurück des Weges zum äußeren Tore des Heiligtums, welches gegen Osten sah; und es war verschlossen.

2 Und Jehova sprach zu mir: Dieses Tor soll verschlossen sein; es soll nicht geöffnet werden, und niemand soll durch dasselbe eingehen; weil Jehova, der Gott Israels, durch dasselbe eingezogen ist, so soll es verschlossen sein.

3 Was den Fürsten betrifft, er, der Fürst, soll darin sitzen, um zu essen vor Jehova; auf dem Wege der Torhalle soll er hineingehen, und auf demselben Wege soll er hinausgehen.

4 Und er brachte mich auf dem Wege des Nordtores vor das Haus; und ich sah: und siehe, die Herrlichkeit Jehovas erfüllte das Haus Jehovas; und ich fiel nieder auf mein Angesicht.

5 Und Jehova sprach zu mir: Menschensohn, richte dein Herz darauf, und sieh mit deinen Augen und höre mit deinen Ohren alles, was ich mit dir rede betreffs aller Satzungen des Hauses Jehovas und betreffs aller seiner Gesetze; und richte dein Herz auf den Eingang des Hauses samt allen Ausgängen des Heiligtums.

6 Und sprich zu den Widerspenstigen, zu dem Hause Israel: So spricht der Herr, Jehova: Laßt es genug sein an allen euren Greueln, Haus Israel!

7 Indem ihr Söhne der Fremde, unbeschnitten am Herzen und unbeschnitten am Fleische, hineinführtet, um in meinem Heiligtum zu sein, mein Haus zu entweihen, wenn ihr meine Speise, Fett und Blut, darbrachtet, so daß sie meinen Bund brachen zu allen euren Greueln hinzu.

8 Und ihr habt der Hut meiner heiligen Dinge nicht gewartet, sondern habt sie euch zu Wärtern meiner Hut gesetzt in meinem Heiligtum. -

9 So spricht der Herr, Jehova: Kein Sohn der Fremde, unbeschnitten am Herzen und unbeschnitten am Fleische, von allen Söhnen der Fremde, welche inmitten der Kinder Israel sind, soll in mein Heiligtum kommen.

10 Wahrlich, die Leviten, die sich von mir entfernt haben bei der Verirrung Israels, welches von mir abgeirrt ist, seinen Götzen nach, sie sollen ihre Missetat tragen;

11 aber sie sollen in meinem Heiligtum Diener sein, als Wachen an den Toren des Hauses und als Diener des Hauses; sie sollen das Brandopfer und das Schlachtopfer für das Volk schlachten, und sie sollen vor ihnen stehen, um ihnen zu dienen.

12 Weil sie ihnen vor ihren Götzen gedient haben und dem Hause Israel ein Anstoß zur Verschuldung gewesen sind, darum habe ich meine Hand wider sie erhoben, spricht der Herr, Jehova, daß sie ihre Missetat tragen sollen.

13 Und sie sollen mir nicht nahen, um mir den Priesterdienst auszuüben, und um allen meinen heiligen Dingen, den hochheiligen, zu nahen; sondern sie sollen ihre Schmach und ihre Greuel tragen, die sie verübt haben.

14 Und ich werde sie zu Wärtern der Hut des Hauses machen, für all seinen Dienst und für alles, was darin verrichtet wird.

15 Aber die Priester, die Leviten, die Söhne Zadoks, welche der Hut meines Heiligtums gewartet haben, als die Kinder Israel von mir abirrten, sie sollen mir nahen, um mir zu dienen, und sollen vor mir stehen, um mir das Fett und das Blut darzubringen, spricht der Herr, Jehova.

16 Sie sollen in mein Heiligtum kommen, und sie sollen meinem Tische nahen, um mir zu dienen, und sollen meiner Hut warten. -

17 Und es soll geschehen, wenn sie zu den Toren des inneren Vorhofs eingehen, sollen sie leinene Kleider anziehen; aber Wolle soll nicht auf sie kommen, wenn sie in den Toren des inneren Vorhofs und gegen das Haus hin dienen.

18 Leinene Kopfbunde sollen auf ihrem Haupte sein, und leinene Beinkleider an ihren Lenden; sie sollen sich nicht in Schweiß gürten.

19 Und wenn sie in den äußeren Vorhof hinausgehen, in den äußeren Vorhof zum Volke, so sollen sie ihre Kleider, in welchen sie gedient haben, ausziehen in die heiligen Zellen niederlegen, und sollen andere Kleider anziehen, damit sie nicht das Volk mit ihren Kleidern heiligen.

20 Und sie sollen weder ihr Haupt kahl scheren, noch auch das Haar frei wachsen lassen; sie sollen ihr Haupthaar schneiden.

21 Und kein Priester soll Wein trinken, wenn sie in den inneren Vorhof gehen.

22 Und eine Witwe und eine Verstoßene sollen sie sich nicht zu Weibern nehmen; sondern Jungfrauen vom Samen des Hauses Israel und die Witwe, welche von einem Priester Witwe geworden ist, mögen sie nehmen.

23 Und sie sollen mein Volk den Unterschied lehren zwischen Heiligem und Unheiligem, und sollen ihm den Unterschied kundtun zwischen Unreinem und Reinem.

24 Und über Streitsachen sollen sie zum Gericht dastehen, nach meinen Rechten sollen sie richten; und sie sollen meine Gesetze und meine Satzungen bei allen meinen Festen beobachten und meine Sabbathe heiligen.

25 Und keiner soll zu dem Leichnam eines Menschen gehen, daß er unrein werde; nur allein wegen Vater und Mutter, und wegen Sohn und Tochter, wegen eines Bruders und wegen einer Schwester, die keines Mannes gewesen ist, dürfen sie sich verunreinigen.

26 Und nach seiner Reinigung soll man ihm sieben Tage zählen;

27 und an dem Tage, da er in das Heiligtum, in den inneren Vorhof, hineingeht, um im Heiligtum zu dienen, soll er sein Sündopfer darbringen, spricht der Herr, Jehova. -

28 Und dies soll ihr Erbteil sein: ich bin ihr Erbteil; und ihr sollt ihnen kein Besitztum in Israel geben: ich bin ihr Besitztum.

29 Das Speisopfer und das Sündopfer und das Schuldopfer, die sollen sie essen; und alles Verbannte in Israel soll ihnen gehören.

30 Und das Erste aller Erstlinge von allem, und alle Hebopfer von allem, von allen euren Hebopfern sollen den Priestern gehören; und die Erstlinge eures Schrotmehls sollt ihr dem Priester geben, damit Segen auf deinem Hause ruhe.

31 Kein Aas noch Zerrissenes vom Gevögel und vom Vieh sollen die Priester essen.

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Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

Apocalypse Revealed 861, 945

Die Eheliche Liebe 26

Die göttliche Vorsehung 134

Die Lehre vom Herrn 52

Himmel und Hölle 171

der Propheten und der Psalmen Davids 167


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcana Coelestia 1250, 2049, 2362, 2851, 3301, 3706, 3708, ...

Apocalypse Revealed 36, 191, 671, 904

Die Lehre vom Herrn 28, 39

Die Lehre vom Glauben 54

Himmel und Hölle 197

Wahre Christliche Religion 93


References from Swedenborg's unpublished works:

Apocalypse Explained 66, 186, 208, 220, 422, 444, 630, ...

Marriage 93

Scriptural Confirmations 4, 53

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Apocalypse Explained # 220

Apocalypse Explained (Whitehead translation)      

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220. But it shall be told also what "temple" signifies in the Word. In the highest sense, "temple" signifies the Lord's Divine Human, and in the relative sense, heaven; and as it signifies heaven, it also signifies the church, for the church is the Lord's heaven on earth; and as "temple" signifies heaven and the church it also signifies Divine truth proceeding from the Lord, for the reason that this makes heaven and the church; for those who receive Divine truth in soul and heart, that is, in faith and love, are they who constitute heaven and the church. As such is the signification of "temple," it is said, "the temple of My God;" "My God," when said by the Lord, meaning heaven and Divine truth there, which also is the Lord in heaven. The Lord is above the heavens, and to those who are in the heavens He appears as a sun. From the Lord as a sun light and heat go forth. Light in heaven is in its essence Divine truth, and heat in heaven is in its essence Divine good; these two make heaven in general and in particular. Divine truth is what is meant by "My God;" therefore in the Word of the Old Testament the Lord is called both "Jehovah" and "God;" "Jehovah" where Divine good is treated of, and "God" where Divine truth is treated of; for the same reason also angels are called "gods," and the word God in the Hebrew is used in the plural, Elohim. This shows why it is said, "the temple of My God." (That the Lord is called "Jehovah" where Divine good is treated of, but "God" where Divine truth is treated of, see Arcana Coelestia 709, 732, 2586, 2769, 2807, 2822, 3921, 4283, 4402, 7010, 9167; that He is called Jehovah" from Esse, thus from Essence, but "God" from Existere, thus from Existence, n. 300, 3910, 6905; that the Divine Esse moreover is Divine good, and the Divine Existere is Divine truth, n. 3061, 6280, 6880, 6905, 10579; and in general that good is the esse, and truth the existere therefrom, n. 5002; that the angels are called "gods" from their reception of Divine truth from the Lord, n. 4295, 4402, 7268, 7873, 8192, 8301, 8192. That the Divine of the Lord in the heavens is Divine truth united to Divine good, see in the work on Heaven and Hell (13, 133, 139-140. That light in the heavens is in its essence Divine truth, and heat there is Divine good, both from the Lord, see in the same work n. 126-140, 275.)

(Odkazy: Arcana Coelestia 5002; Revelation 3:12; The New Jerusalem and its Heavenly Doctrine 126-140, 275)


[2] That "temple" in the Word signifies the Lord's Divine Human, and in the relative sense, heaven and the church, consequently also Divine truth, can be seen from the following passages.

In John:

The Jews asking, What sign showest Thou unto us, that Thou doest these things? Jesus answered and said unto them, Destroy this temple, and in three days I will raise it up. Then said the Jews, In forty and six years was this temple built, and wilt Thou raise it up in three days? But He was speaking of the Temple of His body (John 2:18-23).

That "temple" signifies the Lord's Divine Human is here openly declared; for "destroying the temple and raising it up after three days" means the Lord's death, burial, and resurrection.

(Odkazy: John 2:18-22)


[3] In Malachi:

Behold, I send My messenger, and he shall prepare the way before Me; and the Lord shall suddenly come to His temple, and the Angel of the covenant whom ye seek (Malachi 3:1).

Here also "temple" means the Lord's Divine Human; for the Lord's coming is here treated of, therefore "coming to His temple" signifies to His Human.

[4] In Revelation:

I saw no temple in the New Jerusalem, for the Lord God Almighty is its temple, and the Lamb (Revelation 21:22).

The New Heaven and the New Earth, when they will be in internals, and not in externals, are here treated of, therefore it is said, that "there will be no temple," but "the Lord God Almighty, and the Lamb." "The Lord God Almighty," is the Divine Itself of the Lord, and "the Lamb" is His Divine Human; from which also it is clear, that His Divine in the heavens is meant by "temple."

(Odkazy: Luke 12:8)


[5] In Isaiah:

I saw the Lord sitting upon a throne, high and lifted up, and His skirts filled the temple (Isaiah 6:1).

"The throne high and lifted up," upon which the Lord was seen to sit, signifies the Lord in respect to Divine truth in the higher heavens; but "His skirts" signify His Divine truth in the church. (That "skirts" signify, in reference to the Lord, His Divine truth in ultimates, see Arcana Coelestia 9917.)

That:

The veil of the temple was rent into two parts from the top to the bottom, after the Lord suffered (Matthew 27:51; Mark 15:34, 38; Luke 23:45);

signified the union of the Lord's Divine Human with the Divine itself (see Arcana Coelestia 9670).

[6] In the passages that follow "temple" signifies the Lord's Divine Human, and at the same time heaven and the church.

In David :

I will bow myself down toward the temple of Thy holiness, and will confess unto Thy name (Psalms 138:2).

In Jonah:

I said, I am cast out from before Thine eyes, but yet will I add to look to the temple of Thy holiness, and my prayer came to Thee to the temple of Thy holiness (Jon. Haggai 2:4, 7).

In Habakkuk:

Jehovah in the temple of Thy 1 holiness (Habakkuk 2:20).

In Matthew:

Woe unto you, ye blind guides, who say, Whosoever shall swear by the temple, it is nothing; but whosoever shall swear by the gold of the temple, he is a debtor. Ye fools and blind; for whether is greater, the gold or the temple that sanctifieth the gold? (Matthew 23:16, 17).

In John :

Jesus said to them that sold in the temple, Take these hence; make not My Father's house a house of merchandise. Then the disciples remembered that it was written, The zeal of Thine house hath consumed me (John 2:16, 17).

(Odkazy: John 2:16-17; Jonah 2:4, 2:7; Matthew 23:16-17)


[7] Beside these, there are many other passages in the Word where "temple" is mentioned. That it may be known that "temple" means heaven and the church, as also Divine truth proceeding from the Lord, I will cite these passages here, lest the mind should cling to the idea that a mere temple is meant, and not something more holy; for the temple in Jerusalem was holy because it represented and thus signified what is holy. That "temple" signified heaven is evident from these passages. In David:

I called upon Jehovah, and cried unto my God: He heard my voice from His temple (Psalms 18:6).

In the same:

A day in Thy courts is better than thousands. I have chosen to stand at the door in the house of my God, rather than to dwell in the tents of wickedness (Psalms 84:10).

In the same:

The righteous shall flourish like the palm-tree; he shall grow like a cedar in Lebanon. They that are planted in the house of Jehovah shall flourish in the courts of our God (Psalms 92:12-13).

In the same :

One thing have I asked of Jehovah; that I may dwell in the house of Jehovah, and to early visit His temple (Psalms 27:4).

I shall be at rest in the house of Jehovah for length of days (Psalms 23:6).

In John:

Jesus said, In My Father's house are many mansions (John 14:2).

It is clear that in these passages, by "house of Jehovah" and "Father's house" heaven is meant.

[8] In the following passages the church also is meant. In Isaiah:

The house of our holiness and our splendor, where our fathers praised Thee, is burned up with fire (Isaiah 64:11).

In Jeremiah:

I have forsaken My house, I have abandoned Mine heritage (Jeremiah 12:7).

In Haggai:

I will shake all nations, that the choice of all nations may come; and I will fill this house with glory. The silver is Mine, and the gold is Mine. The glory of this latter house shall be greater than that of the former (Haggai 2:7-9).

In Isaiah:

He shall say to Jerusalem, Thou shalt be built; and to the temple, Thou shalt be founded (Isaiah 44:28).

Here the coming of the Lord and a new church at that time are treated of. In Zechariah the meaning is similar:

The house of Jehovah was founded that the temple may be built (Zechariah 8:9).

In Daniel:

Belshazzar commanded to bring the vessels of gold and silver which Nebuchadnezzar his father had taken out of the temple in Jerusalem, that they might drink from them. They drank wine, and praised the gods of gold, and of silver, of brass, of iron, of wood, and of stone, and then came the writing on the wall (Daniel 5:2-4.).

The "gold and silver vessels that were brought from the temple of Jerusalem" signified the goods and truths of the church; that they "drank wine from them and praised the gods of gold, of silver, of brass, of iron, of wood, and of stone," signifies the profanation of those goods and truths; and on account of this the writing appeared on the wall, and the king 2 was changed from a man into a wild beast.

[9] In Matthew:

And the disciples came to show Jesus the building of the temple. Jesus said unto them, See ye all these things? There shall not be left here stone upon stone that shall not be thrown down (Matthew 24:1, 2; Mark 13:1-5; Luke 21:5-7).

That "there should not be left of the temple stone upon stone that should not be thrown down" signifies the total destruction and vastation of the church ("stone" signifying the truth of the church); and because this is what is meant, the successive vastation of the church is what is treated of in these chapters in the Evangelists.

In Revelation:

And the angel stood, saying, Rise and measure the temple of God and the altar, and them that worship therein (Revelation 11:1).

The "temple" here also signifies the church, and "measuring" signifies to explore its quality:

The new temple and its measurements (Ezekiel 40-Ezekiel 47); have a like signification.

(Odkazy: Mark 13:1-2; Matthew 24:1-2)


[10] That "temple" signifies Divine truth which is from the Lord, is evident from the following passages.

In Ezekiel:

The glory of Jehovah mounted up from above the cherub over the threshold of the house; and the house was filled with the cloud; but the court was full of the brightness of the glory of Jehovah (Ezekiel 10:4).

"House" here means heaven and the church, and "cloud" and "glory" Divine truth. (That "cloud" is Divine truth, see above, n. 36; and "glory" the like, n. 33.)

(Odkazy: Ezekiel 40:1, 41:1, 42:1, 43:1, 44:1, 45:1, 46:1, 47:1; The Apocalypse Explained 33, 36)


[11] In Micah:

Many nations shall go, and say, Come and let us go up to the mountain of Jehovah, and to the house of our God; that He may instruct us of His ways, and that we may go in His paths; for from Zion shall go forth instruction, and the Word out of Jerusalem (Micah 4:2).

"Mountain of Jehovah, and house of God," signify the church, likewise "Zion" and "Jerusalem;" "to be instructed of His ways, and to go in His paths," is to be instructed in Divine truths; it is therefore said, "From Zion shall go forth instruction, and the Word out of Jerusalem."

[12] In Isaiah:

A voice of a tumult of Jehovah 3 from the city, the voice of Jehovah out of the temple (Isaiah 66:6).

"City" means the doctrine of truth; "temple" the church; and "the voice of Jehovah out of the temple" Divine truth. In Revelation:

There came forth a great voice out of the temple of heaven, from the throne, saying (Revelation 16:17).

Here, likewise, "voice" means Divine truth.

Again:

And the temple of God in heaven was opened, and there was seen in the temple the ark of His covenant; and there were lightnings, voices, thunderings (Revelation 11:19).

"Lightnings, voices, thunderings," signify in the Word Divine truths out of heaven (see Arcana Coelestia 7573, 8914).

The temple of the tabernacle of the testimony in heaven was opened; and there came out from the temple seven angels, having the seven plagues. And the temple was filled with smoke from the glory of God, and from His power (Revelation 15:5-6, 8).

Here seven angels are said to have come out from the temple in heaven, because "angels" signify Divine truths (see above, n. 130, 200). What is signified by "smoke from the glory of God" will be seen in the explanation of these words further on. It should be known, moreover, that the temple built by Solomon, and also the house of the forest of Lebanon, and each particular thing pertaining to them (as described in 1 Kings 6, 1 Kings 7), signified spiritual and celestial things pertaining to the church and to heaven.

-----
Footnotes:

1.  The Hebrew has "His," as found in Apocalypse Explained 587; Arcana Coelestia 643.

2.  It was not Belshazzar but Nebuchadnezzar who was changed into a beast.

3.  "Of Jehovah" is not found in the Hebrew.

-----

(Odkazy: 1 Kings 6:1, 7:1; John 2:16-22; Luke 12:8; Revelation 3:12; The Apocalypse Explained 130, 200)

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From Swedenborg's Works

References from Swedenborg's unpublished works:

Apocalypse Explained 202, 222, 223, 242, 253, 277, 313, 392, 478, 608, 629, 695, 699, 909, 914, 915, 918, 920, 939, 948, 1013

Other New Christian Commentary

Thanks to the Swedenborg Foundation for their permission to use this translation.


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