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Hesekiel 44

German: Elberfelder (1905)         

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1 Und er führte mich zurück des Weges zum äußeren Tore des Heiligtums, welches gegen Osten sah; und es war verschlossen.

2 Und Jehova sprach zu mir: Dieses Tor soll verschlossen sein; es soll nicht geöffnet werden, und niemand soll durch dasselbe eingehen; weil Jehova, der Gott Israels, durch dasselbe eingezogen ist, so soll es verschlossen sein.

3 Was den Fürsten betrifft, er, der Fürst, soll darin sitzen, um zu essen vor Jehova; auf dem Wege der Torhalle soll er hineingehen, und auf demselben Wege soll er hinausgehen.

4 Und er brachte mich auf dem Wege des Nordtores vor das Haus; und ich sah: und siehe, die Herrlichkeit Jehovas erfüllte das Haus Jehovas; und ich fiel nieder auf mein Angesicht.

5 Und Jehova sprach zu mir: Menschensohn, richte dein Herz darauf, und sieh mit deinen Augen und höre mit deinen Ohren alles, was ich mit dir rede betreffs aller Satzungen des Hauses Jehovas und betreffs aller seiner Gesetze; und richte dein Herz auf den Eingang des Hauses samt allen Ausgängen des Heiligtums.

6 Und sprich zu den Widerspenstigen, zu dem Hause Israel: So spricht der Herr, Jehova: Laßt es genug sein an allen euren Greueln, Haus Israel!

7 Indem ihr Söhne der Fremde, unbeschnitten am Herzen und unbeschnitten am Fleische, hineinführtet, um in meinem Heiligtum zu sein, mein Haus zu entweihen, wenn ihr meine Speise, Fett und Blut, darbrachtet, so daß sie meinen Bund brachen zu allen euren Greueln hinzu.

8 Und ihr habt der Hut meiner heiligen Dinge nicht gewartet, sondern habt sie euch zu Wärtern meiner Hut gesetzt in meinem Heiligtum. -

9 So spricht der Herr, Jehova: Kein Sohn der Fremde, unbeschnitten am Herzen und unbeschnitten am Fleische, von allen Söhnen der Fremde, welche inmitten der Kinder Israel sind, soll in mein Heiligtum kommen.

10 Wahrlich, die Leviten, die sich von mir entfernt haben bei der Verirrung Israels, welches von mir abgeirrt ist, seinen Götzen nach, sie sollen ihre Missetat tragen;

11 aber sie sollen in meinem Heiligtum Diener sein, als Wachen an den Toren des Hauses und als Diener des Hauses; sie sollen das Brandopfer und das Schlachtopfer für das Volk schlachten, und sie sollen vor ihnen stehen, um ihnen zu dienen.

12 Weil sie ihnen vor ihren Götzen gedient haben und dem Hause Israel ein Anstoß zur Verschuldung gewesen sind, darum habe ich meine Hand wider sie erhoben, spricht der Herr, Jehova, daß sie ihre Missetat tragen sollen.

13 Und sie sollen mir nicht nahen, um mir den Priesterdienst auszuüben, und um allen meinen heiligen Dingen, den hochheiligen, zu nahen; sondern sie sollen ihre Schmach und ihre Greuel tragen, die sie verübt haben.

14 Und ich werde sie zu Wärtern der Hut des Hauses machen, für all seinen Dienst und für alles, was darin verrichtet wird.

15 Aber die Priester, die Leviten, die Söhne Zadoks, welche der Hut meines Heiligtums gewartet haben, als die Kinder Israel von mir abirrten, sie sollen mir nahen, um mir zu dienen, und sollen vor mir stehen, um mir das Fett und das Blut darzubringen, spricht der Herr, Jehova.

16 Sie sollen in mein Heiligtum kommen, und sie sollen meinem Tische nahen, um mir zu dienen, und sollen meiner Hut warten. -

17 Und es soll geschehen, wenn sie zu den Toren des inneren Vorhofs eingehen, sollen sie leinene Kleider anziehen; aber Wolle soll nicht auf sie kommen, wenn sie in den Toren des inneren Vorhofs und gegen das Haus hin dienen.

18 Leinene Kopfbunde sollen auf ihrem Haupte sein, und leinene Beinkleider an ihren Lenden; sie sollen sich nicht in Schweiß gürten.

19 Und wenn sie in den äußeren Vorhof hinausgehen, in den äußeren Vorhof zum Volke, so sollen sie ihre Kleider, in welchen sie gedient haben, ausziehen in die heiligen Zellen niederlegen, und sollen andere Kleider anziehen, damit sie nicht das Volk mit ihren Kleidern heiligen.

20 Und sie sollen weder ihr Haupt kahl scheren, noch auch das Haar frei wachsen lassen; sie sollen ihr Haupthaar schneiden.

21 Und kein Priester soll Wein trinken, wenn sie in den inneren Vorhof gehen.

22 Und eine Witwe und eine Verstoßene sollen sie sich nicht zu Weibern nehmen; sondern Jungfrauen vom Samen des Hauses Israel und die Witwe, welche von einem Priester Witwe geworden ist, mögen sie nehmen.

23 Und sie sollen mein Volk den Unterschied lehren zwischen Heiligem und Unheiligem, und sollen ihm den Unterschied kundtun zwischen Unreinem und Reinem.

24 Und über Streitsachen sollen sie zum Gericht dastehen, nach meinen Rechten sollen sie richten; und sie sollen meine Gesetze und meine Satzungen bei allen meinen Festen beobachten und meine Sabbathe heiligen.

25 Und keiner soll zu dem Leichnam eines Menschen gehen, daß er unrein werde; nur allein wegen Vater und Mutter, und wegen Sohn und Tochter, wegen eines Bruders und wegen einer Schwester, die keines Mannes gewesen ist, dürfen sie sich verunreinigen.

26 Und nach seiner Reinigung soll man ihm sieben Tage zählen;

27 und an dem Tage, da er in das Heiligtum, in den inneren Vorhof, hineingeht, um im Heiligtum zu dienen, soll er sein Sündopfer darbringen, spricht der Herr, Jehova. -

28 Und dies soll ihr Erbteil sein: ich bin ihr Erbteil; und ihr sollt ihnen kein Besitztum in Israel geben: ich bin ihr Besitztum.

29 Das Speisopfer und das Sündopfer und das Schuldopfer, die sollen sie essen; und alles Verbannte in Israel soll ihnen gehören.

30 Und das Erste aller Erstlinge von allem, und alle Hebopfer von allem, von allen euren Hebopfern sollen den Priestern gehören; und die Erstlinge eures Schrotmehls sollt ihr dem Priester geben, damit Segen auf deinem Hause ruhe.

31 Kein Aas noch Zerrissenes vom Gevögel und vom Vieh sollen die Priester essen.

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Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

Apocalypse Revealed 861, 945

Die Eheliche Liebe 26

Die göttliche Vorsehung 134

Die Lehre vom Herrn 52

Himmel und Hölle 171

der Propheten und der Psalmen Davids 167


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcana Coelestia 1250, 2049, 2362, 2851, 3301, 3706, 3708, ...

Apocalypse Revealed 36, 191, 671, 904

Die Lehre vom Herrn 28, 39

Die Lehre vom Glauben 54

Himmel und Hölle 197

Wahre Christliche Religion 93


References from Swedenborg's unpublished works:

Apocalypse Explained 66, 186, 208, 220, 422, 444, 630, ...

Marriage 93

Scriptural Confirmations 4, 53

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Everyone knows the phrase "the natural order of things." It means that everything is in its proper place, occupying the niche it is meant to...

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geöffnet
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sah
To look,' as in Genesis 18:22, signifies thinking, because seeing denotes understanding. Look not back behind thee,' as in Genesis 19:17, means that Lot, who...

Herz
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augen
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'The uncircumcised,' as in Ezekiel 31:18, signifies people lacking the good of charity.

Fett
'Fat things full of marrow,' signify goods.

Blut
Bloods signify evil, in Ezek. 16:9.

Heiligtum
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inmitten
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nach
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vorhof
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Bible

 

Hosea 4:9

German: Elberfelder (1905)         

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9 Und so wird, wie das Volk, der Priester sein, und ich werde ihre Wege an ihnen heimsuchen und ihre Handlungen ihnen vergelten;

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Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

der Propheten und der Psalmen Davids 187


Další odkazy Swedenborga k tomuto verši:

Arcana Coelestia 627, 3934, 6588, 10331

Lebenslehre 2

Himmel und Hölle 471

Wahre Christliche Religion 376, 440, 643


References from Swedenborg's unpublished works:

Apocalypse Explained 98, 250

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Sprueche 11:31

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Word/Phrase Explanations

Priester
Priests' represent the Lord regarding His divine good. When they do not acknowledge the Lord, they lose their signification of the Lord.

Wege
'To set a way,' as in Genesis 30:36, signifies being separated.

Ze Swedenborgových děl

 

Apocalypse Explained # 66

Apocalypse Explained (Whitehead translation)      

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66. Verse 14. And His head and hairs white, signifies the Divine in firsts and in ultimates. This is evident from the signification of "head," when it refers to the Lord, of whom these things are said, as being the Divine in firsts (of which presently); and from the signification of "hairs," as being the Divine in ultimates (of which also presently); and from the signification of "white," as being what is pure. (That "white" [album] and "bright white" [candidum] mean what is pure, see Arcana Coelestia 3301, 3993, 4007, 5319.) "Head," in reference to the Lord, is the Divine in firsts, because the head is the highest part of man, and in it are his firsts, which are called the beginnings, from which are derived all things that have place in the body; for in the head are the understanding and the will, from which, as from their firsts or beginnings, flow the remaining things that relate to man's outer life, such as speech and all actions. But "hairs," in reference to the Lord, mean the Divine in ultimates, because hairs are ultimate things, for they grow out of the outmost parts of man, and first things terminate in them; when, therefore, "head" and "hairs" are mentioned firsts and ultimates are meant.

(Odkazy: Revelation 1:14)


[2] Anyone who knows that in spiritual things also "head" signifies first things and "hairs" ultimates, and that first things and ultimates signify all things (as shown in n. 41), can know many arcana of the internal sense where "head" and "hairs" are mentioned; as that:

A Nazarite should not shave the hair of his head, for this, as it is said, was the Nazariteship of God upon his head, and when the days were accomplished, he was to shave it off and consecrate it (Numbers 6:1-21);

also that:

The strength of Samson was in his locks, and when they were shaven off he became weak, and when they grew again he came into his strength (Judges 16:13-31 tothe end);

also that:

Forty-two children were torn in pieces by bears because they mocked Elisha, calling him bald-head (2 Kings 2:23-24);

as also that:

Elijah was clothed with a garment of hair (2 Kings 1:8);

And John the Baptist with camel's hair (Mark 1:6);

furthermore, what "head," "hairs," "beard," and "baldness" signify wherever they are mentioned in the Word.

(Odkazy: The Apocalypse Explained 41)


[3] That a Nazarite should not shave his hair, because this, as is said, was the Nazariteship of God upon his head; and that when the days were accomplished he should shave it off and consecrate it, was for the reason that the Nazarite represented the Lord in firsts and in ultimates, and His Divine in ultimates was His Human, which He made Divine even to the flesh and bones, which are ultimates. That He made it Divine even to the flesh and bones is evident from the fact that He left nothing in the sepulcher, and that:

He said to the disciples that He had flesh and bones, which a spirit hath not (Luke 24:39-40).

And when the Divine Itself is Divine even in ultimates, then it governs all things from firsts by means of ultimates (as can be seen from what was shown above, n. 41; especially from what was cited from the Arcana Coelestia, namely, that interior things flow in successively into exterior things, even into what is extreme or outmost, and there have existence and subsistence, n. 634, 6239, 6465, 9215, 9216; that they not only flow in successively, but also form what is simultaneous in the ultimate, in what order see n. 5897, 6451, 8603, 10099; that therefore all interior things are held together in connection from the first by means of the ultimate, n. 9828, and in the work on Heaven and Hell 297; that from this the ultimate is more holy than the interiors, n. 9824; and therefore in ultimates there is strength and power, n. 9836). These then are the reasons why the Nazariteship was instituted. The Nazarite was finally to consecrate his hair by putting it into the fire of the altar, because it represented the Divine holiness, and the "fire of the altar" signified that holiness (n. 934, 6314, 6832).

(Odkazy: Arcana Coelestia 9215-9216; The Apocalypse Explained 41)


[4] From this it can be seen, moreover, why the strength of Samson was in his hair (Judges 16:13-31to the end), for it is said that:

He was a Nazarite from his mother's womb (Judges 13:7; 16:17).

Moreover, for the same reason:

It was not lawful for the high priest and his sons, nor for the Levites, to shave the head and make themselves bald (Leviticus 10:6; 21:5, 10; Ezekiel 44:20).

Likewise:

With the Israelitish people to cut off the beard (which had a like signification) was disgraceful (2 Samuel 10:4, 5).

The forty-two children were torn in pieces by the bears because they mocked Elisha, calling him bald-head, for the reason that Elijah and Elisha represented the Lord in respect to the Word, which is Divine truth, the sanctity and strength of which are in ultimates from firsts, as was said just above. Because "baldness" thus signified the deprivation of these, this took place. "Bears," moreover, signify truth in ultimates. (That Elijah and Elisha represented the Lord in respect to the Word, see Arcana Coelestia 2762, 5247.) From this it is clear also why Elijah had a hairy garment and John one of camel's hair; for John the Baptist, like Elijah, represented the Lord in respect to the Word; for this reason also he was called Elijah (see Arcana Coelestia 7643, 9372).

(Odkazy: 2 Samuel 10:4-5)


[5] When these things are understood, it can be known what is signified in the Word by "head," "hairs," "beard," and "baldness," as in Isaiah:

In that time shall the Lord shave by the king of Assyria, the head, and the hairs of the feet, He shall also consume the beard (Isaiah 7:20).

In the same prophet:

On all heads baldness, every beard cut off (Isaiah 15:2).

In Jeremiah:

Truth is perished, and is cut off from their mouth. Cut off thine hair and cast it away (Jeremiah 7:28-29).

In Ezekiel:

Take a razor and pass it over the head and beard (Ezekiel 5:1).

Shame shall be upon every face, and baldness upon all heads (Ezekiel 7:18).

Every head was made bald (Ezekiel 29:18).

In Amos:

I will bring up baldness upon every head (Amos 8:10).

In David:

God shall bruise the head of His enemies, the hairy scalp of him that goeth on in his guilt (Psalms 68:21).

In these passages and in others, by "cutting off the hair of the head," "shaving the beard," and inducing baldness, is signified to deprive of all truth and good; since he that is deprived of ultimates is also deprived of things prior, for prior things have existence and subsistence in ultimates, as was said above. Moreover, in the world of spirits there are seen some that are bald, and I have been told that they are such as have abused the Word, and have applied the sense of the letter, which is Divine truth in ultimates, to wicked purposes, and therefore have been deprived of all truth. These are most malignant. Many of them are of the Babylonish body. Angels, on the contrary, appear with becoming hair.

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From Swedenborg's Works

References from Swedenborg's unpublished works:

Apocalypse Explained 60, 69, 364, 417, 555, 569, 918

Other New Christian Commentary

Thanks to the Swedenborg Foundation for their permission to use this translation.


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