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Hesekiel 22

German: Elberfelder (1905)         

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1 Und das Wort Jehovas geschah zu mir also:

2 Und du, Menschensohn, willst du richten, willst du richten die Stadt der Blutschuld? So tue ihr kund alle ihre Greuel und sprich:

3 So spricht der Herr, Jehova: Stadt, die Blut vergießt in ihrer Mitte, damit ihre Zeit komme, und welche sich Götzen macht, um sich zu verunreinigen!

4 Durch dein Blut, das du vergossen, hast du dich verschuldet, und durch deine Götzen, die du gemacht, hast du dich verunreinigt; und du hast deine Tage herbeigeführt und bist zu deinen Jahren gekommen. Darum habe ich dich den Nationen zum Hohne gemacht und allen Ländern zum Spott.

5 Die Nahen und die von dir Entfernten werden dich verspotten als befleckten Namens und reich an Verwirrung. -

6 Siehe, in dir waren die Fürsten Israels, ein jeder nach seiner Kraft, um Blut zu vergießen.

7 Vater und Mutter verachteten sie in dir, an dem Fremdling handelten sie gewalttätig in deiner Mitte, Waisen und Witwen bedrückten sie in dir.

8 Meine heiligen Dinge hast du verachtet und meine Sabbathe entweiht.

9 Verleumder waren in dir, um Blut zu vergießen; und auf den Bergen in dir haben sie gegessen, sie haben in deiner Mitte Schandtaten verübt.

10 In dir hat man die Blöße des Vaters aufgedeckt, in dir haben sie die Unreine in ihrer Unreinigkeit geschwächt.

11 Und der eine hat Greuel verübt mit dem Weibe seines Nächsten, und der andere hat seine Schwiegertochter durch Schandtat verunreinigt, und ein anderer hat in dir seine Schwester, die Tochter seines Vaters, geschwächt.

12 In dir haben sie Geschenke genommen, um Blut zu vergießen; du hast Zins und Wucher genommen und deinen Nächsten mit Gewalt übervorteilt. Mich aber hast du vergessen, spricht der Herr, Jehova.

13 Und siehe, ich schlage in meine Hand wegen deines unrechtmäßigen Gewinnes, den du gemacht hast, und über deine Blutschuld, die in deiner Mitte ist.

14 Wird dein Herz feststehen, oder werden deine Hände stark sein an dem Tage, da ich mit dir handeln werde? Ich, Jehova, habe geredet und werde es tun.

15 Und ich werde dich versprengen unter die Nationen und dich zerstreuen in die Länder und deine Unreinigkeit gänzlich aus dir wegschaffen.

16 Und du wirst durch dich selbst entweiht werden vor den Augen der Nationen; und du wirst wissen, daß ich Jehova bin.

17 Und das Wort Jehovas geschah zu mir also:

18 Menschensohn, das Haus Israel ist mir zu Schlacken geworden; sie alle sind Erz und Zinn und Eisen und Blei im Schmelzofen; Silberschlacken sind sie geworden.

19 Darum, so spricht der Herr, Jehova: Weil ihr alle zu Schlacken geworden seid, darum, siehe, werde ich euch in Jerusalem zusammentun.

20 Wie man Silber und Erz und Eisen und Blei und Zinn in einen Schmelzofen zusammentut, um Feuer darüber anzublasen zum Schmelzen, also werde ich euch in meinem Zorn und in meinem Grimm zusammentun und euch hineinlegen und schmelzen.

21 Und ich werde euch sammeln und das Feuer meines Grimmes über euch anblasen, daß ihr in Jerusalem geschmolzen werdet.

22 Wie Silber im Ofen geschmolzen wird, also werdet ihr in Jerusalem geschmolzen werden. Und ihr werdet wissen, daß ich, Jehova, meinen Grimm über euch ausgegossen habe.

23 Und das Wort Jehovas geschah zu mir also:

24 Menschensohn, sprich zu ihm: Du bist ein Land, das nicht beschienen, nicht beregnet wird am Tage des Zornes.

25 Verschwörung seiner Propheten ist in ihm; gleich einem brüllenden Löwen, der Beute zerreißt, fressen sie Seelen, nehmen Reichtum und Kostbarkeiten, mehren seine Witwen in seiner Mitte.

26 Seine Priester tun meinem Gesetze Gewalt an und entweihen meine heiligen Dinge; zwischen Heiligem und Unheiligem unterscheiden sie nicht, und den Unterschied zwischen Unreinem und Reinem tun sie nicht kund; und vor meinen Sabbathen verhüllen sie ihre Augen, und ich werde in ihrer Mitte entheiligt.

27 Seine Fürsten in ihm sind wie Wölfe, die Beute zerreißen, indem sie Blut vergießen, Seelen vertilgen, um unrechtmäßigen Gewinn zu erlangen.

28 Und seine Propheten bestreichen ihnen alles mit Tünche, indem sie Eitles schauen und ihnen Lügen wahrsagen und sprechen: So spricht der Herr, Jehova! Und doch hat Jehova nicht geredet.

29 Das Volk des Landes verübt Erpressung und begeht Raub; und den Elenden und Dürftigen bedrücken sie, und den Fremdling übervorteilen sie widerrechtlich.

30 Und ich suchte einen Mann unter ihnen, der die Mauer zumauern und vor mir in den Riß treten möchte für das Land, auf daß ich es nicht verderbte; aber ich fand keinen.

31 Und ich gieße meinen Zorn über sie aus, vernichte sie durch das Feuer meines Grimmes; ich bringe ihren Weg auf ihren Kopf, spricht der Herr, Jehova.

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Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

der Propheten und der Psalmen Davids 145


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcana Coelestia 374, 376, 488, 2906, 3400, 3703, 4735, ...

Apocalypse Revealed 209, 496, 764

Die Lehre vom Herrn 4, 28


References from Swedenborg's unpublished works:

Apocalypse Explained 148, 238, 355, 540, 577, 644, 1121

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Word/Phrase Explanations

wort
'Word,' as in Psalms 119:6-17, stands for doctrine in general. 'The Word,' as in Psalms 147:18, signifies divine good united with divine truth. 'Word,' as...

Jehovas
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

Stadt
Cities of the mountain and cities of the plain (Jer. 33:13) signify doctrines of charity and faith.

Blut
Bloods signify evil, in Ezek. 16:9.

Mitte
'Middle' denotes what is primary, principal, or inmost.

Zeit
Time is an aspect of the physical world, but according to Swedenborg is not an aspect of the spiritual world. The same is true of...

Tage
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

Nationen
'Nations' signify people who are in the good of love and charity from the Lord. Two nations in the womb,' as in Genesis 25:23, signify...

israels
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

Vater
Father in the Word means what is most interior, and in those things that are following the Lord's order, it means what is good. In...

mutter
In general, mothers in the Bible represent the Lord's church on earth, or the church among those who know and follow the Lord. In some...

waisen
'Orphans' signify people who are in a state of innocence and charity, and desire to know and to do what is good but are not...

verachtet
We tend to think of "despising" something or someone as just a strong way of expressing dislike, but there is a further shade of meaning...

gegessen
When we eat, our bodies break down the food and get from it both energy and materials for building and repairing the body. The process...

blöße
'Unclothed' signifies being deprived of the truths of faith.

tochter
"Behold I have two daughters,” etc. (Gen. 19:8), signifies the affections of good and truth, and the blessedness perceivable from the enjoyment thereof, by those...

schwester
The Lord calls people who are in truth from the good of charity from Him 'sisters,' as in Matthew 12:50. 'Sister' denotes intellectual truth, when...

vergessen
To forget, in the internal sense, signifies nothing else but removal and apparent privation.

Herz
The heart means love. A good heart means love to the Lord and to the neighbor while a hard or stony heart means the love...

Hände
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

Unreinigkeit
Uncleanness and scum, as in Ezekiel 24:11, signifies evil and falsity.

augen
It’s common to say “I see” when we understand something. And indeed, “seeing” in the Bible represents grasping and understanding spiritual things. So it makes...

Wissen
Like so many common verbs, the meaning of "know" in the Bible is varied and dependent on context. And in some cases – when it...

haus
A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

schlacken
The dross, mentioned in Isaiah 1:22, signifies falsity.

erz
Brass and iron as in Isaiah 48:4 and Daniel 7:19 signify what is hard.

Zinn
'Tin,' as in Ezekiel 22:18, has respect to the literal sense of the Word, or the goods and truths of the natural self.

Eisen
'Iron,' in Deuteronomy 8:9, signifies natural or rational truth. Iron' signifies natural truth, and consequently, the natural sense of the Word. At the same time,...

Jerusalem
Jerusalem first comes to or attention in II Samuel, chapter 5 where King David takes it from the Jebusites and makes it his capital. In...

silber
'Silver,' in the internal sense of the Word, signifies truth, but also falsity. 'Silver' means the truth of faith, or the truth acquired from selfhood,...

feuer
Just as natural fire can be both comforting in keeping you warm or scary in burning down your house, so fire in the spiritual sense...

Zorn
'Wrath,' as in Genesis 49:7, signifies aversion from truth. 'Great wrath,' as in Revelation 12:12, signifies hatred against the new church.

Land
'Lands' of different nations are used in the Word to signify the different kinds of love prevalent in the inhabitants.

Propheten
The idea of a "prophet" is very closely tied to the idea of the Bible itself, since the Bible was largely written by prophets. At...

Löwen
'A lion' signifies the good of celestial love and the truth from that good.

Seelen
The nature of the soul is a deep and complicated topic, but it can be summarized as "spiritual life," who we are in terms of...

Reichtum
'Wealth' signifies scientific knowledge, as seen in several passages in the Word.

Priester
Priests' represent the Lord regarding His divine good. When they do not acknowledge the Lord, they lose their signification of the Lord.

wölfe
'A wolf' signifies eagerness to seize, but also eagerness to rescue and deliver the good.

lügen
When people lie or speak falsely in the Bible, It represents what Swedenborg calls "falsity of faith" and the resulting "evil of faith." This is...

sprechen
Like "say," the word "speak" refers to thoughts and feelings moving from our more internal spiritual levels to our more external ones – and ultimately...

Mann
The relationship between men and women is deep and nuanced, and one entire book of the Writings – Conjugial Love or Love in Marriage –...

Vor
In most cases, the meaning of "before" is pretty straightforward, both as a way of assessing relative time, and in its use meaning "in someone's...

Weg
'To set a way,' as in Genesis 30:36, signifies being separated.

Kopf
The head is the part of us that is highest, which means in a representative sense that it is what is closest to the Lord....

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Arcana Coelestia # 9127

Arcana Coelestia (Elliott translation)      

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9127. 'There shall be no bloodguilt for him' means that he is not guilty of the violence done. This is clear from the meaning of 'blood' in the highest sense as Divine Truth emanating from the Lord's Divine Good, and in the internal sense springing from this as the truth of good, dealt with in 4735, 6378, 6978, 7317, 7326, 7846, 7850, 7877. Consequently 'shedding blood' means doing violence to God's truth or the truth of good, and also to good itself. For anyone who does violence to truth does it also to good, since truth is wedded so closely to good that one is never without the other. Therefore if violence is done to one it is also done to the other. From all this it is evident that 'there shall be no bloodguilt for him' means not being guilty of the violence done to truth or to good.

[2] A person who has no knowledge of the internal sense of the Word can only think that 'blood' in the Word means blood, and that 'shedding blood' simply means killing someone. But the internal sense does not deal with the life of a person's body, only with that of his soul, that is, with his spiritual life, which will go on living forever. This life is described in the Word, in the sense of the letter, by means of such things as constitute the life of the body, namely flesh and blood. And since a person's spiritual life springs from and is maintained by the good that belongs to charity and the truth that belongs to faith, the good belonging to charity is meant in the internal sense of the Word by 'flesh' and the truth belonging to faith by 'blood'. In an even more internal sense the good belonging to love to the Lord is meant by 'flesh' and the good belonging to love towards the neighbour by 'blood'. In the highest sense however, in which solely the Lord is the subject, 'flesh' is the Lord's Divine Good, thus the Lord Himself in respect of Divine Good, while 'blood' is Divine Truth emanating from the Lord, thus the Lord in respect of Divine Truth. These things are understood in heaven by flesh and blood when a person reads the Word. And the same things are understood when the person attends the Holy Supper, though in this the bread is the flesh and the wine is the blood; for 'the bread' has exactly the same meaning as flesh and 'the wine' exactly the same meaning as blood.

[3] But those who think only on the level of the senses, as most people in the world do at the present day, do not understand any of this. Therefore let them keep to the faith they have, so long as they believe that the Holy Supper and the Word have a holiness within them because they come from God. Maybe they do not know where that holiness lies; even so, let those who are endowed with some inner degree of perception, that is, who can think on a level above the senses, consider whether 'blood' is used to mean blood and 'flesh' to mean flesh in Ezekiel,

Son of man, thus said the Lord Jehovih, Say to every bird of the air, to every wild animal of the field, Assemble and come, gather yourselves from all around to My sacrifice which I am sacrificing for you, a great sacrifice upon the mountains of Israel, so that you may eat flesh and drink blood. You will eat the flesh of the mighty, and [drink] the blood of the princes of the earth. And you will drink blood till you are drunk, from My sacrifice which I will sacrifice for you. You will be glutted at My table with horse and chariot, and with the mighty, and with every man of war. Thus will I set My glory among the nations. Ezekiel 39:17-21.

Also in John, in Revelation,

I saw an angel standing in the sun, who called out with a loud voice, saying to all the birds flying in the middle of heaven, Gather yourselves together to the supper of the great God, so that you may eat the flesh of kings, and the flesh of captains, and the flesh of mighty men, and the flesh of horses and those seated on them, and the flesh of all, free men and slaves, small and great. Revelation 19:17-18.

It is obvious that in these places 'flesh' is not used to mean flesh or 'blood' to mean blood.

The same applies then to the Lord's 'flesh' and 'blood' in John,

The bread which I shall give is My flesh. Truly, truly, I say to you, Unless you eat the flesh of the Son of Man and drink His blood you will have no life in you. He who eats My flesh and drinks My blood has eternal life, and I will raise him up on the last day. For My flesh is truly food, and My blood is truly drink. He who eats My flesh and drinks My blood abides in Me, and I in him. This is the bread which came down from heaven. John 6:50-58.

The Lord's flesh is the Divine Good of His Divine Love, and His blood is Divine Truth emanating from His Divine Good. This may be recognized from the consideration that they are the food which nourishes a person's spiritual life.

(Odkazy: Ezekiel 39:17-22)


[4] This explains why He goes on to say, 'My flesh is truly food, and My blood is truly drink', and also, 'This is the bread which came down from heaven'. And since a person is joined to the Lord through love and faith, He also says, 'He who eats My flesh and drinks My blood abides in Me, and I in him'. But as stated above, this matter can be understood only by those who are able to think on a level above the bodily senses, in particular by those who believe in and love the Lord, because the Lord raises them from the life of their bodily senses up to the life of their spirit. That is, He raises them from the light of the world into the light of heaven, the light in which conceptions of things that are material, that is, impressions in the mind that are acquired by the body fade from view.

(Odkazy: John 6:51-58)


[5] Anyone therefore who knows that 'blood' means God's truth coming from the Lord can also see that 'shedding blood' in the Word does not mean killing or taking a person's physical life but killing or taking the life of his soul, that is, destroying his spiritual life, which consists of faith in and love to the Lord. When 'blood' is used to refer to blood shed unlawfully it means God's truth destroyed by falsities arising from evil, as is evident in the following places: In Isaiah,

When the Lord will have washed the excrement of the daughters of Zion and washed away the blood 1 of Jerusalem from its midst by a spirit of judgement and by a spirit of purging ... Isaiah 4:4.

In the same prophet,

Your hands are defiled with blood, and your fingers with iniquity. Their feet run to evil, and they hasten to shed innocent blood; their thoughts are thoughts of iniquity. Isaiah 59:3, 7.

In Jeremiah,

Yes, in your skirts the blood of poor innocent souls is found. Jeremiah 2:34.

In the same prophet,

... for the sins of the prophets, the iniquities of the priests who shed in the midst of Jerusalem the blood of the righteous. They went astray blind in the streets, they are defiled with blood. Things which have no power they touch with their garments. Lamentations 4:13-14.

In Ezekiel,

I passed by you and saw you weltering in your blood, 1 and I said, Live in your blood; 1 I indeed said to you, Live in your blood. 1 I washed you with water and washed away your blood 1 from upon you, and anointed you with oil. Ezekiel 16:6, 9.

In the same prophet,

You, son of man, will you dispute with the city of blood? 1 Declare to her all her abominations. By your blood which you have shed you have become guilty, and by the idols which you have made you are defiled. Behold, the princes of Israel, each according to his power, 2 have been among you and have shed blood. Men of intrigue have been among you, [ready] to shed blood, and among you have eaten on the mountains. Ezekiel 22:2-4, 6, 9.

In Joel,

I will give portents in heaven and on earth, blood and fire, and a column of smoke. The sun will be turned into thick darkness, and the moon into blood, before the great and terrible day [of Jehovah] comes. Joel 2:30-31.

And in John,

The sun became black as sackcloth made of hair, and the full moon became like blood. Revelation 6:12.

In the same book,

The second angel sounded, and so to speak a great mountain burning with fire was thrown into the sea, and a third part of the sea became blood. Revelation 8:8.

In the same book,

The second angel poured out his bowl into the sea, and it became like the blood of one dead, from which every living soul died in the sea. The third angel poured out his bowl into the rivers and into the fountains of water, and blood was made. Revelation 16:3-4.

(Odkazy: Ezekiel 22:2, 22:4)


[6] In these places 'blood' is not used to mean the life-blood of the human body when it has been shed, but the blood of spiritual life, which is God's truth, when violence has been done to it by falsity arising from evil. 'Blood' has a similar meaning in Matthew,

On you will come the righteous blood shed on the earth, from the blood of righteous Abel even to the blood of Zechariah, whom you killed between the temple and the altar. Matthew 23:35.

These words mean that from earliest times down to the present the Jews had been doing violence to the truths of the Word, to such an extent that they were unwilling to accept any inner, heavenly truth at all. Therefore they did not accept the Lord either. The shedding of His blood by them was a sign of their total rejection of God's truth; for the Lord was Divine Truth itself, which is the Word made flesh, John 1:1, 14. Their total rejection of God's truth that came from the Lord and was the Lord is meant by the following in Matthew,

Pilate washed his hands before the people, saying, I am innocent of the blood of this righteous person; you yourselves see [to it]. And answering, all the people said, His blood be on us and on our children. Matthew 27:24-25.

This accounts for the following incident described in John,

One of the soldiers pierced His side with a spear, and immediately blood and water came out. He who has seen has testified, and the testimony is true; and he knows that he is saying things that are true, so that you may believe. John 19:34-35.

The reason why water also came out is that 'water' means God's truth in its outward form, the kind of truth that the letter consists of. For the meaning of 'water' as truth, see 2702, 3058, 3424, 4976, 5668, 8568.

(Odkazy: John 19:34, 19:36; Matthew 27:24, 27:26)


[7] All this also shows what is meant by being made pure by the Lord's blood, namely accepting the truth of faith from Him, 7918, 9088. Thus it also shows what is meant by the following in John, in Revelation,

They conquered the dragon by the blood of the Lamb and by the word of their 3 testimony. Revelation 12:11.

'The blood of the Lamb' is Divine Truth that comes from the Lord, as also is 'the word of their testimony'. 'The blood of the lamb' is innocent blood, for 'a lamb' means innocence, 3519, 3994, 7840. God's truth emanating from the Lord in heaven has innocence at the centre of it; for none other than those possessing innocence have any feeling for it, 2526, 2780, 3111, 3183, 3495, 3994, 4797, 6013, 6107, 6765, 7836 (end), 7840, 7877, 7902.

-----
Footnotes:

1. literally, bloods

2. literally, arm

3. The Latin means His but the Greek means their, which Swedenborg has in other places where he quotes this verse.

-----

(Odkazy: Arcana Coelestia 3494; Exodus 22:2; Ezekiel 39:17-22)

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From Swedenborg's Works

Inbound References:

Arcana Coelestia 9129, 9210, 9230, 9262, 9298, 9393, 9410, 9503, 9634, 9643, 9644, 9780, 9960, 10026, 10033, 10035, 10040, 10105, 10106, 10114, 10149, 10152, 10208, 10210, 10283

The White Horse 1

The New Jerusalem and its Heavenly Doctrine 216, 217, 222


References from Swedenborg's unpublished works:

Apocalypse Explained 151, 167, 175, 946

Other New Christian Commentary

Thanks to the Swedenborg Society for the permission to use this translation.


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