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3 Mose 2

German: Elberfelder (1871)         

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1 Und wenn jemand (Eig. eine Seele; so öfter in diesem Buche) die Opfergabe eines Speisopfers (Das hebr. Wort bedeutet eig. Geschenk, Gabe) dem Jehova darbringen will, so soll seine Opfergabe Feinmehl sein; und er soll Öl darauf gießen und Weihrauch darauf legen.

2 Und er soll es zu den Söhnen Aarons, den Priestern, bringen; und er (d. h. der Priester) nehme davon seine Hand voll, von seinem Feinmehl und von seinem Öl samt all seinem Weihrauch, und der Priester räuchere das Gedächtnisteil (O. Gedächtnisopfer; der Teil des Opfers, der zum Gedächtnis für Jehova verbrannt wurde) desselben auf dem Altar: es ist ein Feueropfer lieblichen Geruchs dem Jehova.

3 Und das Übrige von dem Speisopfer soll für Aaron und für seine Söhne sein: ein Hochheiliges von den Feueropfern Jehovas.

4 Und wenn du als Opfergabe eines Speisopfers ein Ofengebäck darbringen willst, so soll es Feinmehl sein, ungesäuerte Kuchen, gemengt mit Öl, und ungesäuerte Fladen, gesalbt mit Öl.

5 Und wenn deine Opfergabe ein Speisopfer in der Pfanne ist, so soll es Feinmehl sein, gemengt mit Öl, ungesäuert;

6 du sollst es in Stücke zerbrechen und Öl darauf gießen: es ist ein Speisopfer.

7 Und wenn deine Opfergabe ein Speisopfer im Napfe ist, so soll es von Feinmehl mit Öl gemacht werden.

8 Und du sollst das Speisopfer, das von diesen Dingen gemacht wird, dem Jehova bringen; und man soll es dem Priester überreichen, und er soll es an den Altar tragen.

9 Und der Priester hebe von dem Speisopfer dessen Gedächtnisteil ab und räuchere es auf dem Altar: es ist ein Feueropfer lieblichen Geruchs dem Jehova.

10 Und das Übrige von dem Speisopfer soll für Aaron und für seine Söhne sein: ein Hochheiliges von den Feueropfern Jehovas.

11 Alles Speisopfer, das ihr dem Jehova darbringet, soll nicht aus Gesäuertem gemacht werden; denn aller Sauerteig und aller Honig, davon sollt ihr kein Feueropfer dem Jehova räuchern.

12 Was die Opfergabe der Erstlinge betrifft, so sollt ihr sie Jehova darbringen; aber auf den Altar sollen sie nicht kommen zum lieblichen Geruch.

13 Und alle Opfergaben deines Speisopfers sollst du mit Salz salzen und sollst das Salz des Bundes deines Gottes nicht fehlen lassen bei (O. auf) deinem Speisopfer; bei (O. auf) allen deinen Opfergaben sollst du Salz darbringen.

14 Und wenn du ein Speisopfer von den ersten Früchten dem Jehova darbringen willst, so sollst du Ähren, am Feuer geröstet, Schrot von Gartenkorn, darbringen als Speisopfer von deinen ersten Früchten.

15 Und du sollst Öl darauf tun und Weihrauch darauf legen: es ist ein Speisopfer.

16 Und der Priester soll das Gedächtnisteil desselben räuchern, von seinem Schrote und von seinem Öle, samt allem seinem Weihrauch: es ist ein Feueropfer dem Jehova.

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Explanation of Leviticus 2      

Napsal(a) Henry MacLagan

Verses 1-3. The worship of the Lord from the highest degree of celestial love is described.

Verse 4. Then follows a description of worship from interior celestial love, or charity to the neighbour, showing how it is connected with that from the highest celestial good, which is pure love to the Lord, and the lowest

Verses 5-6. A similar description of worship from celestial good in the Internal of the Natural succeeds, accompanied by an account of the arrangement of truths there, and of the influx of inmost celestial good.

Verse 7. And lastly, worship from the External of the Natural is described, showing that it is similar to worship from higher loves, but is in a lower degree

Verses 8-10. It is then shown that celestial worship in all these degrees and ways involves certain particulars, namely: the power to worship must be ascribed to the Lord; it must be acknowledged to be from celestial good inmostly derived from Him; and it must be exercised from Him. Also the worshiper will realize the conjunction of truth with good as from himself; he will be able to devote his life to the service of the Lord; he will experience a state of heavenly joy and peace; he will be able to appropriate good and truth; and he will worship the Lord from pure love

Verses 11-13. Again this worship of the Lord must be free from falsity; it must not be vitiated by merely natural delight; such imperfect worship only appertains to preparatory states; and in all worship there must be the mutual desire of truth for good and of good for truth, or in other words, every one who really loves the truth will desire also to be good, and all who sincerely desire to be good will also long for the truth

Verses 14-16. And also, during such worship, in preparatory states, it will be from natural good, and truth influenced by celestial good, and involving the sincere acknowledgement of the Lord.

Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 2177, 9993, 9995


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcana Coelestia 925, 2342, 2455, 5620, 7356, 7978, 8680, ...

Enthüllte Offenbarung 278, 468, 778

Himmel und Hölle 287

Wahre Christliche Religion 707


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 324, 365, 491, 504, 540, 619, 701, ...

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Skočit na podobné biblické verše

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4 Mose 5:26, 7:13, 8:8, 15:20, 18:9, 12, 28:5

5 Mose 26:2

1 Samuel 2:28

1 Chronik 23:29

Hesekiel 43:24, 44:29, 46:20

Markus 9:49

Philipper 4:18

Významy biblických slov

Seele
The nature of the soul is a deep and complicated topic, but it can be summarized as "spiritual life," who we are in terms of...

jehova
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

feinmehl
Flour, or meal, signifies celestial truth, and wheat, celestial good. Flour and oil signify truth and good from a spiritual origin, and honey, good from...

Öl
Oil – typically olive oil – was an extremely important product in Biblical times, for food preparation, medicinal ointment and for burning in lamps. As...

aarons
Aaron war der Bruder von Moses. Er symbolisiert zwei Dinge, zum einen während des ersten Teils des Exodus, als er Sprecher des Mose war, und...

Priester
Priests' represent the Lord regarding His divine good. When they do not acknowledge the Lord, they lose their signification of the Lord.

bringen
As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “bring” is highly dependent on context, but in general it represents an introduction to a new...

Altar
Der erste im Wort erwähnte Altar wurde von Noah gebaut, nachdem er aus der Arche gekommen war. Auf diesem Altar opferte er dem Herrn reine...

lieblichen
Fragrance means the affection of truth derived from good.

geruchs
Fragrance means the affection of truth derived from good.

Aaron
Aaron war der Bruder von Moses. Er symbolisiert zwei Dinge, zum einen während des ersten Teils des Exodus, als er Sprecher des Mose war, und...

Söhne
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

jehovas
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

ungesäuerte
For something to be “unleavened” means that it's been made without yeast. Since yeast is what makes bread rise and take on its airy texture,...

kuchen
Cake denotes the conjunction of the spiritual and celestial principles, which appertained to the Lord, (Gen. 18:16.)

gesalbt
Öl in der Bibel steht für die Liebe des Herrn, und so war die Salbung von jemandem (oder etwas) mit Öl eine Möglichkeit, diese Person...

ungesäuert
For something to be “unleavened” means that it's been made without yeast. Since yeast is what makes bread rise and take on its airy texture,...

sauerteig
Leaven' signifies evil and falsity, which should not be mixed with good and true things. In Leviticus 2:11, it says, 'no meat offering which ye...

honig
'Honey' signifies the delight derived from good and truth or from the affection thereof, and specifically the external delight. Thus it signifies the delight of...

geruch
Fragrance means the affection of truth derived from good.

gottes
Der Herr ist die Liebe selbst, ausgedrückt in der Form der Weisheit selbst. Die Liebe ist also sein Wesen, sein Innerstes. Die Weisheit - das...

feuer
Just as natural fire can be both comforting in keeping you warm or scary in burning down your house, so fire in the spiritual sense...

geröstet
To roast something is, in Biblical culinary terms, to cook it over a fire. Fire represents the Lord’s infinite love for all things, so roasting...

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Arcana Coelestia # 9993

Arcana Coelestia (Elliott translation)      

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9993. 'And unleavened cakes mixed with oil' means purification of the mid-celestial. This is clear from the meaning of 'cakes' as the mid-celestial, dealt with below; and from the meaning of 'oil' as the good of love, dealt with in 886, 4582, 4638. From this it is evident that 'cakes mixed with oil' means the celestial that springs directly from the inmost part, for 'oil' is the good of love, which is inmost. The situation is that the heavens are divided into two kingdoms, one of which is called spiritual, the other celestial. The understanding part of the human mind corresponds to the spiritual kingdom in the heavens and the will part of it to the celestial kingdom there, 9835. In each kingdom there is an internal part and an external, as there is also in the human understanding and will. For the human understanding has an internal part and an external, and so does the human will. The internal part of the understanding forms the spiritual life of the internal man, and the external part of the understanding forms the spiritual life of the external man. But the internal part of the will forms the celestial life of the internal man, while the external part of the will forms the celestial life of the external man. The existence in the human mind of an internal part and an external may be recognized by anyone who stops to reflect. It may be recognized in particular in hypocrites, cheats, crafty types, and villains. What all these think deep within themselves is contrary to the truths of faith, and also what they will is the opposite of the good deeds of heavenly love; but on the surface their thought and will are in line with those truths and good deeds, which they also consequently declare and perform for all the world to see.

[2] In addition it should be recognized that each kingdom in the heavens, the spiritual kingdom and the celestial, has three parts; each has an inmost part, a middle, and an outward, see 9873. The inmost part of the celestial kingdom consists in the good of love to the Lord; the middle part there consists in the good of mutual love, which is good emanating from that of love to the Lord; and the outward part consists in delight emanating from the good of mutual love. The first two reside in the internal man of inhabitants of the Lord's celestial kingdom, whereas the third resides in their external man. These three were represented by unleavened bread, unleavened cakes mixed with oil, and unleavened wafers anointed with oil; and purification of them is represented by the offering of the three on the altar together with a burnt offering or else a sacrifice. The fact that those kinds of good in their proper order are meant can be recognized solely from the consideration that these three types of cereal offering were commanded and also their preparation described in the Books of Moses. This would never at all have been done if those things had not embodied arcana of heaven and the Church. What other use could such things have had?

[3] But I realize that those arcana are intelligible to scarcely anyone at the present day, because what is worldly permeates everything that people understand and will at the present day, and those who think of heaven and wish to be there do not have, and do not wish to have any other notion of it apart from a natural and earthly one. And where that kind of notion and wish exist, thus where that kind of love is present, there is no room for the mysteries of heaven. It would be altogether different if the human mind delighted in heavenly more than in worldly things. For the things which a person delights in are the ones he finds intelligible, as for instance when he delights in the intricacies of countries' public affairs, or in the intricacies of people's moral attitudes. By moral attitudes is meant what constitutes their loves and affections, and consequently their thoughts. Such are easily discovered by a crafty person, because he takes delight in leading others by means of those he discovers, to the end that he may acquire important positions or monetary gain, or earn reputation on account of these.

[4] That which is celestial in the internal man is meant by 'cakes', the reason being that they are second in order; for first in order is the unleavened bread, second the cakes mixed with oil, and third the wafers anointed with oil. These three were called minchahs, and they were offered on the altar along with burnt offerings and sacrifices. How they were to be made is described in Leviticus 2, and how they were to be offered is described in various places, how for example they were to be offered by Aaron on the day of his anointing in Leviticus 6:20-23.

(Odkazy: Leviticus 6:13-16)


[5] The term 'cakes' is also used in the Word to mean the good of love in general. So it is that the loaves of the Presence or the showbread are called 'cakes' in Moses,

You shall take fine flour and bake it into twelve cakes, two-tenths [of an ephah] shall there be in one cake. And you shall place them on the table before Jehovah. And you shall put pure frankincense on each row. Leviticus 24:5-9.

'Pure frankincense' that was put on the cakes was a sign of truth springing from celestial good, which is the lowest or outermost of the celestial kingdom.

[6] The good of love in general is again meant by 'cakes' in Jeremiah,

The sons gather pieces of wood, and the fathers kindle fire, the women knead dough to make cakes for Melecheth 1 of heaven, and to pour out drink offerings to other gods. Jeremiah 7:18; 44:19.

'Making cakes for Melecheth of heaven' means offering worship to the devil with the good of celestial love, and 'pouring out drink offerings to other gods' means offering worship to Satan with the truths of faith. For 'Melecheth of heaven' means those who are in the hell of genii, and 'other gods' those who are in the hell of evil spirits, about whom see 5977, 8593, 8622, 8625. Those in the hell of genii taken all together are called the devil, and those in the hell of evil spirits are called Satan.

[7] The good of spiritual love however is meant by 'cakes' in Hosea,

Ephraim has become a cake not turned. Hosea 7:8.

But here 'a cake' is expressed by a different word in the original language, which means the good of spiritual love. 'A cake not turned' is a situation in which the external man rules the internal. When this situation comes about in a person it is an inversion of order, for then the external is the master and the internal the servant. 'Ephraim' is the Church's power of understanding, which receives light and is stirred with affection when truths and forms of the good of faith are accepted, 3969, 5354, 6222, 6234, 6238, 6267.

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Footnotes:

1. Melecheth is a Hebrew word for a queen.

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(Odkazy: Exodus 29:2)

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Ze Swedenborgových prací

Odkazy z vydaných prací:

Arcana Coelestia 9994, 9996, 10078, 10079, 10107, 10206

The New Jerusalem and its Heavenly Doctrine 218


Odkazy z nepublikovaných prací E. Swedenborga:

Apocalypse Explained 146, 242


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Thanks to the Swedenborg Society for the permission to use this translation.


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