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1 Mose 18

German: Elberfelder (1871)         

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1 Und Jehova erschien ihm bei den Terebinthen Mamres; und er saß an dem Eingang des Zeltes bei der Hitze des Tages.

2 Und er hob seine Augen auf und sah: und siehe, drei Männer standen vor ihm; und als er sie sah, lief er ihnen entgegen von dem Eingang des Zeltes und beugte sich nieder zur Erde;

3 und er sprach: Herr, wenn ich anders Gnade gefunden habe in deinen Augen, so gehe doch nicht an deinem Knechte vorüber!

4 Es werde doch ein wenig Wasser geholt, und waschet eure Füße; und lagert euch (Eig. lehnet euch nieder) unter dem Baume,

5 und ich will einen Bissen Brot holen, und stärket euer Herz; danach möget ihr weitergehen; da ihr nun einmal (O. denn darum seid ihr) vorbeigekommen seid bei eurem Knechte. Und sie sprachen: Tue also, wie du geredet hast.

6 Da eilte Abraham ins Zelt zu Sara und sprach: Nimm schnell drei Maß Feinmehl, knete und mache Kuchen! (Brotkuchen, die in heißer Asche rasch gebacken werden konnten)

7 Und Abraham lief zu den indern und nahm ein Kalb, zart und gut, und gab es dem Knaben; und der beeilte sich, es zuzubereiten.

8 Und er holte dicke und süße Milch und das Kalb, das er zubereitet hatte, und setzte es ihnen vor; und er stand vor ihnen unter dem Baume, und sie aßen.

9 Und sie sprachen zu ihm: Wo ist Sara, dein Weib? Und er sprach: Siehe, im Zelte.

10 Und er sprach: Gewißlich werde ich übers Jahr wieder zu dir kommen, und siehe, Sara, dein Weib, wird einen Sohn haben. Und Sara horchte am Eingang des Zeltes, der hinter ihm war.

11 Und Abraham und Sara waren alt, wohlbetagt; es hatte aufgehört, Sara zu ergehen nach der Weiber Weise.

12 Und Sara lachte in ihrem Innern und sprach: Nachdem ich alt geworden (Eig. abgewelkt) bin, sollte ich Wollust haben? Und mein Herr ist ja alt!

13 Und Jehova sprach zu Abraham: Warum hat Sara denn gelacht und gesagt: Sollte ich auch wirklich gebären, da ich doch alt bin?

14 Ist für Jehova eine Sache zu wunderbar? Zur bestimmten Zeit übers Jahr werde ich wieder zu dir kommen, und Sara wird einen Sohn haben.

15 Und Sara leugnete und sprach: Ich habe nicht gelacht! denn sie fürchtete sich. Er aber sprach: Nein, sondern du hast gelacht.

16 Und die Männer erhoben sich von dannen und blickten hin nach Sodom; und Abraham ging mit ihnen, sie zu geleiten.

17 Und Jehova sprach: Sollte ich vor Abraham verbergen, was ich tun will?

18 Wird doch Abraham gewißlich zu einer großen und mächtigen Nation werden, und sollen doch in ihm gesegnet werden alle Nationen der Erde!

19 Denn ich habe ihn erkannt, auf daß er seinen Kindern und seinem Hause nach ihm befehle, (And. üb. Ich kenne ihn, daß er seinen Kindern… befehlen wird) daß sie den Weg Jehovas bewahren, Gerechtigkeit und echt zu üben, (O. indem Sie Gerechtigkeit und echt üben) damit Jehova auf Abraham kommen lasse, was er über ihn geredet hat.

20 Und Jehova sprach: Weil das Geschrei von Sodom und Gomorra groß, und weil ihre Sünde sehr schwer ist,

21 so will ich doch hinabgehen und sehen, ob sie nach ihrem Geschrei, das vor mich gekommen ist, völlig getan haben; und wenn nicht, so will ich’s wissen.

22 Und die Männer wandten sich von dannen und gingen nach Sodom; Abraham aber blieb noch vor Jehova stehen.

23 Und Abraham trat hinzu und sprach: Willst du denn den Gerechten mit dem Gesetzlosen wegraffen?

24 Vielleicht sind fünfzig Gerechte innerhalb der Stadt; willst du sie denn wegraffen und dem Orte nicht vergeben um der fünfzig Gerechten willen, die darin sind?

25 Fern sei es von dir, so etwas zu tun, den Gerechten mit dem Gesetzlosen zu töten, so daß der Gerechte sei wie der Gesetzlose; fern sei es von dir! Sollte der ichter der ganzen Erde nicht echt üben?

26 Und Jehova sprach: Wenn ich in Sodom, innerhalb der Stadt, fünfzig Gerechte finde, so will ich um ihretwillen dem ganzen Orte vergeben.

27 Und Abraham antwortete und sprach: Siehe doch, ich habe mich unterwunden zu dem Herrn zu reden, und ich bin Staub und Asche.

28 Vielleicht mögen an den fünfzig Gerechten fünf fehlen; willst du wegen der fünf die ganze Stadt verderben? Und er sprach: Ich will sie nicht verderben, wenn ich 45 daselbst finde.

29 Und er fuhr fort, weiter zu ihm zu reden, und sprach: Vielleicht mögen vierzig daselbst gefunden werden. Und er sprach: Ich will es nicht tun um der vierzig willen.

30 Und er sprach: Möge doch der Herr nicht zürnen, und ich will reden. Vielleicht mögen dreißig daselbst gefunden werden. Und er sprach: Ich will es nicht tun, wenn ich dreißig daselbst finde.

31 Und er sprach: Siehe doch, ich habe mich unterwunden, zu dem Herrn zu reden; vielleicht mögen zwanzig daselbst gefunden werden. Und er sprach: Ich will nicht verderben um der zwanzig willen.

32 Und er sprach: Möge doch der Herr nicht zürnen, und ich will nur noch diesmal reden. Vielleicht mögen zehn daselbst gefunden werden. Und er sprach: Ich will nicht verderben um der zehn willen.

33 Und Jehova ging weg, als er mit Abraham ausgeredet hatte; und Abraham kehrte zurück an seinen Ort.

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Swedenborg

Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcana Coelestia 468, 1420, 1616, 2072, 2142, 2143, 2144, ...

Apocalypse Revealed 658

Wahre Christliche Religion 755


References from Swedenborg's unpublished works:

Apocalypse Explained 340, 397, 1153

Coronis oder Anhang zur Wahren Christlichen Religion 49

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Word/Phrase Explanations

saß
If you think about sitting, it seems fair to say that where you're sitting is more important than that you're sitting. Sitting in a movie...

Eingang
In a general sense, doors in the Bible represent the initial desires for good and concepts of truth that introduce people to new levels of...

augen
It’s common to say “I see” when we understand something. And indeed, “seeing” in the Bible represents grasping and understanding spiritual things. So it makes...

sah
To look,' as in Genesis 18:22, signifies thinking, because seeing denotes understanding. Look not back behind thee,' as in Genesis 19:17, means that Lot, who...

drei
The Writings talk about many aspects of life using the philosophical terms "end," "cause" and "effect." The "end" is someone’s goal or purpose, the ultimate...

Erde
'Lands' of different nations are used in the Word to signify the different kinds of love prevalent in the inhabitants.

Herr
In most cases, a "master" in the Bible refers to truth: knowledge, an understanding of the situation at hand, an understanding of the Lord's wishes,...

gefunden
To not to be found any more, signifies not to rise again.

wasser
'Waters' signify truths in the natural self, and in the opposite sense, falsities. 'Waters' signify particularly the spiritual parts of a person, or the intellectual...

Füße
The foot, as in Deuteronomy 33:3, signifies an inferior principle. To set the right foot on the sea and the left on the earth, as...

unter
Generally speaking things that are seen as lower physically in the Bible represent things that are lower or more external spiritually. In some cases this...

brot
Just as natural food feeds the natural body, so spiritual food feeds the spiritual body. And since our spiritual body is the expression of what...

Herz
The heart means love. A good heart means love to the Lord and to the neighbor while a hard or stony heart means the love...

abraham
Abraham (or Abram, as he is named in the beginning of his story) is one of the major characters in the story of the sacred...

Zelt
'Tent' is used in the Word to signify the celestial and holy aspects of love, because in ancient time they performed holy worship in their...

sara
'Sarah' denotes truth joined to good. Sarai was called 'Sarah' so she would represent the divine intellectual principle by adding the 'H' from the name...

feinmehl
Flour, or meal, signifies celestial truth, and wheat, celestial good. Flour and oil signify truth and good from a spiritual origin, and honey, good from...

gut
It seems rather circular to say that “good” in the Bible represents good, but in a general sense it’s true! The case is this: The...

beeilte sich
'To hasten' or 'hastiness' in the internal sense, does not denote what is quick, but what is certain, and also what is full, thus every...

milch
Water represents true ideas about day-to-day life, and other drinks and liquids in general represent different forms of truth. Milk is a drink that contains...

Vor
In most cases, the meaning of "before" is pretty straightforward, both as a way of assessing relative time, and in its use meaning "in someone's...

Stand
'To stay with,' as in Genesis 32:4, relates to the life of truth when accompanied by good, and in this instance, it means to take...

Sohn
'A son,' as in Genesis 5:28, signifies the rise of a new church. 'Son,' as in Genesis 24:3, signifies the Lord’s rationality regarding good. 'A...

Zeit
Time is an aspect of the physical world, but according to Swedenborg is not an aspect of the spiritual world. The same is true of...

sodom
"Sodom" in the Bible represents the love of self and the love of ruling or dominating others springing from the love of self. This is...

gesegnet
The Lord is perfect love expressed as perfect wisdom. He created us so that He could love us, could give us love and wisdom of...

Nationen
'Nations' signify people who are in the good of love and charity from the Lord. Two nations in the womb,' as in Genesis 25:23, signify...

Hause
A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

nach
Behind, or after, (Gen. 16:13), signifies within or above, or an interior or superior principle.

Weg
'To set a way,' as in Genesis 30:36, signifies being separated.

Jehovas
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

gerechtigkeit
'Justice' signifies both good and truth.

Kommen
Coming (Gen. 41:14) denotes communication by influx.

Sünde
In the Word three terms are used to mean bad things that are done. These three are transgression, iniquity, and sin, and they are here...

Wissen
Like so many common verbs, the meaning of "know" in the Bible is varied and dependent on context. And in some cases – when it...

Stehen
'To stand,' and 'come forth' as in Daniel 7:10, refers to truth. In Genesis 24:13, it signifies a state of conjunction of divine truth with...

fünfzig
God rested on the seventh day of creation. That represents a state of holiness and tranquility that was preserved in the form of the sabbath....

Stadt
Cities of the mountain and cities of the plain (Jer. 33:13) signify doctrines of charity and faith.

antwortete
To "answer" generally indicates a state of spiritual receptivity. Ultimately this means being receptive to the Lord, who is constantly trying to pour true ideas...

reden
Like "say," the word "speak" refers to thoughts and feelings moving from our more internal spiritual levels to our more external ones – and ultimately...

Staub
The dust and ashes mentioned in Genesis 18:27 signify the Lord's merely human principle from the mother, in respect to his essential divine principle.

asche
Ashes as in ('Ezekiel 27:30') signify what is condemned; because fire from which they are derived signify infernal love. Ashes of the furnace ('Exodus 9:8')...

fünf
Five also signifies all things of one part.

vierzig
'Forty' means completeness because 'four' means what is complete, as does 'ten.' Forty is the product of four and ten. Compound numbers have a meaning...

dreißig
'Thirty' has a twofold significance because it is is the product of five and six, and also three and ten. From five multiplied by six,...

zwanzig
'Twenty,' when referring to a quantity, signifies everything or fullness, because it is ten twice. 'Twenty,' as in Genesis 18:31, like all numbers occurring in...

zehn
Most places in Swedenborg identify “ten” as representing “all,” or in some cases “many” or “much.” The Ten Commandments represent all the guidance we get...

zurück
Everyone knows the phrase "the natural order of things." It means that everything is in its proper place, occupying the niche it is meant to...

Ort
'A dry place,' as in Luke 11:24, signifies states of evil and falsity which are in the life of someone who does the work of...

Videos from the Swedenborg Foundation

The videos shown here are provided courtesy of our friends at the Swedenborg Foundation. You can find out more about them here: swedenborg.com.


The Meaning of Sodom and Gomorrah

Focus on the internal meaning of the Sodom and Gomorrah story

The Meaning of Sodom and Gomorrah

Focus on the internal meaning of the Sodom and Gomorrah story

Resources for parents and teachers

The items listed here are provided courtesy of our friends at the General Church of the New Jerusalem. You can search/browse their whole library by following this link.


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Activity | Ages 7 - 14

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The Lord promises Abraham many descendants.
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A New Church Bible story explanation for teaching Sunday school. Includes lesson materials for Primary (3-8 years), Junior (9-11 years), Intermediate (12-14 years), Senior (15-17 years) and Adults.
Teaching Support | Ages over 3

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Lesson outline provides teaching ideas with questions for discussion, projects, and activities.
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A lesson for younger children with discussion ideas and a project.
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Bible

 

1 Mose 24:1

German: Elberfelder (1871)         

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1 Und Abraham war alt, wohlbetagt, und Jehova hatte Abraham gesegnet in allem.

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Swedenborg

Výklad(a) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 2865, 3012, 3015, 3016, 3017, 3030

Hop to Similar Bible Verses

1 Mose 12:2, 13:2, 18:11

Jesaja 51:2

Word/Phrase Explanations

abraham
Abraham (or Abram, as he is named in the beginning of his story) is one of the major characters in the story of the sacred...

Jehova
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

gesegnet
The Lord is perfect love expressed as perfect wisdom. He created us so that He could love us, could give us love and wisdom of...

Resources for parents and teachers

The items listed here are provided courtesy of our friends at the General Church of the New Jerusalem. You can search/browse their whole library by following this link.


 Conjugial Love
Article | Ages 15 - 17

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Illustration of places in the Word that relate to water.
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Ze Swedenborgových děl

 

Arcana Coelestia # 2204

Arcana Coelestia (Elliott translation)      

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2204. 'And my lord being old' means that the affection for truth was amazed that rational good to which truth was allied was also to cast off the human. This is clear from the representation of 'Abraham', to whom 'my lord' refers here, as rational good and from the representation of 'Sarah' as rational truth, dealt with above in 2198 and elsewhere; and also from the meaning of 'growing old' as casting off the human, also dealt with in 2198. Human rational good is such that it has much within it which is derived from worldly delights, for that good is formed not only from truths but also from the delights of the senses and from many other delights that exist in the world. When a person is being reformed and regenerated spiritual good is implanted by the Lord in those delights, and by means of this good that which is worldly is mellowed, and after that accordingly receives its happiness from that spiritual good. But the Lord completely expelled from the rational everything worldly and so made it Divine. And it is this that amazed rational truth meant by 'Sarah'.

(Odkazy: Genesis 18:12)

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From Swedenborg's Works

Inbound References:

The New Jerusalem and its Heavenly Doctrine 62


Thanks to the Swedenborg Society for the permission to use this translation.


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