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Hesekiel 21

German: Elberfelder (1871)         

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1 Und das Wort Jehovas geschah zu mir also:

2 Menschensohn, richte dein Angesicht gegen Süden und rede (Eig. träufle deine Worte) gegen Mittag, und weissage über den Wald des Gefildes im Süden (Das hebr. Wort bezeichnet stets den Süden Palästinas)

3 und sprich zu dem Walde des Südens: Höre das Wort Jehovas! So spricht der Herr, Jehova: Siehe, ich will in dir ein Feuer anzünden, welches jeden grünen Baum und jeden dürren Baum in dir verzehren wird; die lodernde Flamme wird nicht erlöschen, und vom Süden bis zum Norden werden alle Angesichter dadurch versengt werden.

4 Und alles Fleisch soll sehen, daß ich, Jehova, es angezündet habe; es wird nicht erlöschen.

5 Und ich sprach: Ach, Herr, Jehova! sie sagen von mir: edet er nicht in Gleichnissen?

6 Und das Wort Jehovas geschah zu mir also:

7 Menschensohn, richte dein Angesicht gegen Jerusalem und rede (Eig. träufle deine Worte) über die Heiligtümer, und weissage über das Land Israel;

8 und sprich zu dem Lande Israel: So spricht Jehova: Siehe, ich will an dich, und will mein Schwert aus seiner Scheide ziehen; und ich will aus dir ausrotten den Gerechten und den Gesetzlosen!

9 Darum, weil ich aus dir den Gerechten und den Gesetzlosen ausrotten will, darum soll mein Schwert aus seiner Scheide fahren wider alles Fleisch vom Süden bis zum Norden.

10 Und alles Fleisch wird wissen, daß ich, Jehova, mein Schwert aus seiner Scheide gezogen habe; es soll nicht wieder zurückkehren.

11 Und du, Menschensohn, seufze, daß die Hüften brechen (Eig. mit Brechen der Hüften, d. h. mit einem Schmerze, der die Hüften brechen könnte,) und mit bitterem Schmerze seufze vor ihren Augen!

12 Und es soll geschehen, wenn sie zu dir sprechen: Warum seufzest du? so sollst du sprechen: Wegen des kommenden Gerüchtes (W. Wegen des Gerüchtes, weil es kommt;) und jedes Herz wird zerschmelzen, und alle Hände werden erschlaffen, und jeder Geist wird verzagen, und alle Knie werden zerfließen wie Wasser; siehe, es kommt und wird geschehen, spricht der Herr, Jehova.

13 Und das Wort Jehovas geschah zu mir also:

14 Menschensohn, weissage und sprich: So spricht der Herr: Sprich: Ein Schwert, ein Schwert, geschärft und auch geschliffen!

15 Damit es eine Schlachtung anrichte, ist es geschärft; damit es blitze, ist es geschliffen. Oder sollen wir uns freuen und sagen: Das Scepter meines Sohnes verachtet alles Holz?

16 Aber man hat es zu schleifen gegeben, um es in der Hand zu führen. Das Schwert, geschärft ist es und geschliffen, um es in die Hand des Würgers zu geben.

17 Schreie und heule, Menschensohn! denn es ist gegen mein Volk, es ist gegen alle Fürsten Israels: samt meinem Volke sind sie dem Schwerte verfallen; darum schlage dich auf die Lenden.

18 Denn die Probe ist gemacht; und was? wenn sogar das verachtende Scepter nicht mehr sein wird (O. zu nichts wird?) spricht der Herr, Jehova. -

19 Und du, Menschensohn, weissage und schlage die Hände zusammen; denn das Schwert, das Schwert der Erschlagenen, wird sich ins Dreifache vervielfältigen; es ist das Schwert des erschlagenen Großen (Vergl. v 30,) welches sie umkreist.

20 Damit das Herz zerfließe und viele hinstürzen (W. und die Anstöße sich mehren,) habe ich das schlachtende Schwert wider alle ihre Tore gerichtet. Wehe! Zum Blitzen ist es gemacht, zum Schlachten geschärft (And.: gezückt.)

21 Nimm dich zusammen nach rechts, richte dich nach links, wohin deine Schneide bestimmt ist!

22 Und auch ich will meine Hände zusammenschlagen und meinen Grimm stillen. Ich, Jehova, habe geredet.

23 Und das Wort Jehovas geschah zu mir also:

24 Und du, Menschensohn, machte dir zwei Wege, auf welchen das Schwert des Königs von Babel kommen soll (Eig. damit das Schwert… komme (wie v 25)) :von einem Lande sollen sie beide ausgehen; und zeichne einen Wegweiser, am Anfang des Weges nach der Stadt zeichne ihn.

25 Du sollst einen Weg machen, damit das Schwert nach abbath der Kinder Ammon komme, und nach Juda in das befestigte Jerusalem.

26 Denn der König von Babel bleibt am Kreuzwege stehen, am Anfang der beiden Wege, um sich wahrsagen zu lassen (Eig. um Wahrsagung vorzunehmen;) er schüttelt die Pfeile, befragt die Teraphim, beschaut die Leber.

27 In seine echte fällt (Eig. wird, kommt) die Wahrsagung (O. das Los) "Jerusalem" (d. h. die Wahrsagung, die sich auf Jerusalem bezieht,) daß er Sturmböcke aufstelle, den Mund auftue mit Geschrei, die Stimme erhebe mit Feldgeschrei, Sturmböcke gegen die Tore aufstelle, Wälle aufschütte und Belagerungstürme baue. -

28 Und es wird ihnen wie eine falsche Wahrsagung in ihren Augen sein; Eide um Eide (Eig. Eide der Eide, d. h. die stärksten Eide) haben sie; er aber wird die Ungerechtigkeit (O. Missetat, Schuld) in Erinnerung bringen, auf daß sie ergriffen werden.

29 Darum, so spricht der Herr, Jehova: Weil ihr eure Ungerechtigkeit (O. Missetat, Schuld) in Erinnerung bringet, indem eure Übertretungen offenbar werden, so daß eure Sünden in allen euren Handlungen zum Vorschein kommen-weil ihr in Erinnerung kommet, werdet ihr von der Hand (d. i. des Würgers (v 16)) ergriffen werden.

30 Und du, Unheiliger, Gesetzloser, Fürst Israels, dessen Tag gekommen ist zur Zeit der Ungerechtigkeit des Endes!

31 so spricht der Herr, Jehova: Hinweg mit dem Kopfbund (d. h. des Hohenpriesters) und fort mit der Krone! Dies wird nicht mehr sein (Eig. Dieses wird nicht mehr dieses sein.) Das Niedrige werde erhöht und das Hohe erniedrigt!

32 Umgestürzt, umgestürzt, umgestürzt will ich sie machen; auch dies wird nicht mehr sein-bis der kommt, welchem das echt gehört: dem werde ich’s geben. Und du, Menschensohn, weissage und sprich: So spricht der Herr, Jehova, über die Kinder Ammon und über ihren Hohn; und sprich: Ein Schwert, ein Schwert, zur Schlachtung gezückt, geschliffen, damit es fresse, damit es blitze (während man dir Eitles (O. Nichtiges, Falsches; so auch Kap. 22,28) schaut, während man dir Lügen wahrsagt), um dich zu den Hälsen der erschlagenen Gesetzlosen zu legen, deren Tag gekommen ist zur Zeit der Ungerechtigkeit des Endes! Stecke es wieder in seine Scheide! An dem Orte, wo du geschaffen bist, in dem Lande deines Ursprungs, werde ich dich richten. Und ich werde meinen Zorn über dich ausgießen, das Feuer meines Grimmes wider dich anfachen; und ich werde dich in die Hand roher (Eig. viehischer) Menschen geben, welche Verderben schmieden. Du wirst dem Feuer zum Fraße werden, dein Blut wird inmitten des Landes sein; deiner wird nicht mehr gedacht werden. Denn ich, Jehova, habe geredet.

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Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

der Propheten und der Psalmen Davids 144


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcana Coelestia 309, 574, 2799, 4111, 6563, 8294, 8813, ...

Apocalypse Revealed 52, 748, 759, 924

Die Eheliche Liebe 156

Die Lehre vom Herrn 4, 28, 48

Wahre Christliche Religion 156, 322


References from Swedenborg's unpublished works:

Apocalypse Explained 126, 131, 183, 504, 600, 840, 1082

Coronis oder Anhang zur Wahren Christlichen Religion 58

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Word/Phrase Explanations

wort
'Word,' as in Psalms 119:6-17, stands for doctrine in general. 'The Word,' as in Psalms 147:18, signifies divine good united with divine truth. 'Word,' as...

Jehovas
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

Fleisch
Flesh has several meanings just in its most obvious form. It can mean all living creatures as when the Lord talks about the flood "destroying...

Sehen
The symbolic meaning of "seeing" is "understanding," which is obvious enough that it has become part of common language (think about it; you might see...

schwert
A 'sword,' in the Word, signifies the truth of faith combating and the vastation of truth. In an opposite sense, it signifies falsity combating and...

Blitze
'Lightning' is the radiance and brilliance of God's truth.

Hände
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

kommt
As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “come” in the Bible is highly dependent on context – its meaning is determined largely by...

missetat
Punishment' is the consummation of evil, because after punishment, reformation succeeds. This is why it says in Deuteronomy 25:3, 'that no more than forty stripes...

Sünden
In the Word three terms are used to mean bad things that are done. These three are transgression, iniquity, and sin, and they are here...

Kommen
Coming (Gen. 41:14) denotes communication by influx.

Feuer
Just as natural fire can be both comforting in keeping you warm or scary in burning down your house, so fire in the spiritual sense...

Blut
Bloods signify evil, in Ezek. 16:9.

inmitten
The "midst" of something in the Bible represents the thing that is most central and most important to the spiritual state being described, the motivation...

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Apocalypse Explained # 1082

Apocalypse Explained (Whitehead translation)      

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1082. And shall eat her flesh, signifies rejection of its evils, which are adulterated goods, and then the manifestation that they were without any good. This is evident from the signification of "flesh," as being the good of the Word and of the church, and in the contrary sense the evil thereof. Here "flesh" means evils, which are adulterated goods. Also from the signification of "to eat," as being to consume, but here to reject wholly, because this is said of the Reformed, who have rejected the works or goods of Babylon, which consist especially in gifts to the idols of their saints, to their sepulchers, also to monasteries, and to the monks themselves, given as offerings for various expiations. It follows that the same words mean also the manifestation that they were without any good, for when spurious and meritorious goods are rejected, which are signified by the "flesh that they should eat," it is then manifest that they are without any good.

(Odkazy: Revelation 17:16)


[2] "Flesh" has various significations in the Word. It signifies what is man's own [proprium], thus either his good or evil, and from this it signifies the whole man. But in the highest sense it signifies the Lord's Divine Human, and particularly the Divine good of the Divine love that proceeds from Him. That "flesh" signifies the Divine Human as to the good of love is evident in John:

Jesus said, I am the living bread, which cometh down out of heaven; if anyone eat of this bread he shall live forever; and the bread which I will give is My flesh, which I will give for the life of the world. The Jews, therefore, strove one with another, saying, How can this one give His flesh to eat? Jesus therefore said unto them, Verily, verily, I say unto you, except ye eat the flesh of the Son of man, and drink His blood ye shall not have life in yourselves. He that eateth My flesh and drinketh My blood hath eternal life, and I will raise him up at the last day; for My flesh is truly food, and My blood is truly drink. He that eateth My flesh and drinketh My blood abideth in Me and I in him. This is the bread which cometh down out of heaven (John 6:51-58).

It is clearly evident that "flesh" here means the own [proprium] of the Lord's Divine Human, which is the Divine good of the Divine love, and is that which is called in the Holy Supper the body. (That the "body" there, that is, the "flesh," is the Divine good, and the "blood" is the Divine truth, may be seen above, n. 329.) And as "bread and wine" have the same signification as "flesh and blood," "bread" meaning the Divine good, and "wine" the Divine truth, therefore these were commanded in place of flesh and blood.

(Odkazy: The Apocalypse Explained 329)


[3] Divine good from the Lord was signified also by the flesh of the sacrifices that Aaron, his sons, and those who sacrificed, and others who were clean, might eat:

And that this was holy (may be seen in Exodus 12:7-9, 29:31-34; Leviticus 7:15-21; 8:31; Deuteronomy 12:27; 16:4);

Consequently if an unclean person ate of that flesh he would be cut off from his people (Leviticus 7:21).

That those sacrifices were called bread (Leviticus 22:6-7).

That that flesh was called the flesh of holiness (Jeremiah 11:15; Haggai 2:12),

And the flesh of the offering, which was to be upon the table in the Lord's kingdom (Ezekiel 40:43).

The Lord's Divine Human is also called "flesh" in John:

The Word was made flesh, and dwelt among us; and we saw His glory, the glory as of the only-begotten of the Father (John 1:14).

(Odkazy: Exodus 29:30-34)


[4] That "flesh" signified also the good with man can be seen from the following passages. In Ezekiel:

I will give them one heart, and I will give a new spirit in the midst of you, and I will take away the heart of stone out of their flesh, and I will give them a heart of flesh (Ezekiel 11:19; 36:26).

"Heart of flesh" means the will and love of good. In David:

O God, Thou art my God, in the morning I seek Thee; my soul thirsteth for Thee; my flesh longeth for Thee in a land of drought and weariness without waters (Psalms 63:1).

In the same:

My soul longeth for the courts of Jehovah; my heart and my flesh cry out unto the living God (Psalms 84:2).

The "flesh" that longeth for Jehovah, and that crieth out unto the living God, signifies man as to good of the will, for the "flesh" of man corresponds to the good or evil of his will, and the "blood" to the truth or falsity of his understanding; here "flesh" means the good of the will, because it longeth for Jehovah and crieth out unto God.

[5] In Job:

I have known my Redeemer, He liveth, and at the last He shall rise upon the dust; and afterwards these things shall be encompassed by my skin, and from my flesh I shall see God (Job 19:25-27).

To see God from one's flesh signifies from one's own voluntary made new by the Lord, and thus good. In Ezekiel:

Upon the bones seen in the midst of the valley, I will put sinews, and I will cause flesh to come up upon them, and I will cover them with skin, and I will give spirit unto them that they may live (Ezekiel 37:6, 8).

Here, too, "flesh" signifies what is one's own [proprium] of the will made new by the Lord, and thus good. What "bones" and the rest signify here may be seen above (n. 418, 419, 665). In Revelation:

Come and gather yourselves together unto the supper of the great God, that ye may eat the flesh of kings, and the flesh of commanders of thousands, and the flesh of the mighty, and the flesh of horses and of them that sit on them, and the flesh of all, free and bond, small and great (Revelation 19:17-18; Ezekiel 39:17-19).

That "flesh" here does not mean flesh but goods of every kind, is clearly evident.

(Odkazy: Acts of the Apostles 19:25-27; Ezekiel 37:5-6; The Apocalypse Explained 418-419, 665)


[6] But on the other hand, that "flesh" signifies man's own voluntary, which regarded in itself is evil, is evident from the following passages. In Isaiah:

They shall eat every man the flesh of his own arm (Isaiah 9:20).

In the same:

I will feed thine oppressors with their own flesh (Isaiah 49:26).

In Jeremiah:

I will feed you with the flesh of their sons and with the flesh of their daughters; and they shall eat every man the flesh of his companion (Jeremiah 19:9).

In Zechariah:

The rest shall eat everyone the flesh of another (Zechariah 11:9).

In Moses:

I will chastise you sevenfold for your sins, and ye shall eat the flesh of your sons and the flesh of your daughters (Leviticus 26:28-29).

[7] In Jeremiah:

Cursed is the man who trusteth in man and maketh flesh his arm (Jeremiah 17:5).

Here "flesh" signifies what is man's own [proprium] which in itself is evil; to appropriate this to oneself is signified by eating and feeding upon it. Again, "flesh" signifies what is man's own [proprium] in Matthew:

Jesus said, Blessed art thou, Simon, for flesh and blood hath not revealed it unto thee (Matthew 16:17).

In John:

As many as received, to them gave He power to become sons of God, who were born, not from bloods nor from the will of the flesh, but from God (John 1:12-13).

In Ezekiel:

Jerusalem committed whoredom with the sons of Egypt her neighbors, great in flesh (Ezekiel 16:26).

In Isaiah:

Egypt is man and not God, and his horses are flesh and not spirit (Isaiah 31:3).

In John:

It is the spirit that quickeneth, the flesh profiteth nothing (John 6:63).

In the same:

That which is born of the flesh is flesh, that which is begotten of the spirit is spirit (John 3:6).

In David:

God remembered that they were flesh, a breath that passeth away and returneth not (Psalms 78:39).

The evil of man's will, which is what is his own [proprium] from birth. is what is signified in these passages by "flesh"; also by:

The flesh that the sons of Israel lusted after in the desert, and on account of which they were smitten with a great plague, and from which the place was called graves of lust (Numbers 11:4-34).

Moreover, in the Word the expression "all flesh" is frequently used as meaning every man (as in Genesis 6:12, 13, 17, 19; Isaiah 40:5, 6; 49:26; 66:16, 23, 24; Jeremiah 25:31; 32:27; 45:5; Ezekiel 20:48, 21:4, 5; and elsewhere).

(Continuation respecting the Word)

(Odkazy: Ezekiel 21:4-5; Genesis 6:12-13; Isaiah 40:5-6, 66:23-24; Numbers 11:4-33)


[8] The spiritual by influx presents what is correspondent to itself in the natural, in order that the end may become a cause, and the cause become an effect, and thus the end through the cause may present itself in the effect as visible and sensible. This trine, namely, end, cause, and effect, is given from creation in every heaven. The end is the good of love, the cause is truth from that good, and the effect is use. That which produces is love, and the product therefrom is of love from good by means of truth. The final products, which are in our world, are various, as numerous as the objects are in its three kingdoms of nature, animal, vegetable, and mineral. All products are correspondences.

[9] As this trine, namely, end, cause, and effect, exists in each heaven, there must be in each heaven products that are correspondences, and which in form and aspect are like the objects in the three kingdoms of our earth; from which it is clear that each heaven is like our earth in external appearance, differing only in excellence and beauty according to degrees. Now in order that the Word may be full, that is, may consist of effects in which are a cause and an end, or may consist of uses, in which truth is the cause and good is the end and love is that which produces, it must needs consist of correspondences; and from this it follows that the Word in each heaven is like the Word in our world, differing only in excellence and beauty according to degrees. What this difference is shall be told elsewhere.

(Odkazy: Ezekiel 37:5-6; Revelation 17:16)

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From Swedenborg's Works

References from Swedenborg's unpublished works:

Apocalypse Explained 1078, 1141


Thanks to the Swedenborg Foundation for their permission to use this translation.


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