Bible

 

Daniel 9

German: Elberfelder (1871)         

Studovat vnitřní smysl

← Předchozí   Další →

1 Im ersten Jahre Darius’, des Sohnes Ahasveros’, aus dem Samen der Meder, welcher über das eich der Chaldäer König geworden war,

2 im ersten Jahre seiner egierung merkte ich, Daniel, in den Schriften auf die Zahl der Jahre, betreffs welcher das Wort Jehovas zu dem Propheten Jeremia geschehen war, daß nämlich siebzig Jahre für die Verwüstung (Eig. die Trümmer) Jerusalems vollendet werden sollten.

3 Und ich richtete mein Angesicht zu Gott, dem Herrn, um ihn mit Gebet und Flehen zu suchen, in Fasten und Sacktuch und Asche.

4 Und ich betete zu Jehova, meinem Gott, und ich bekannte und sprach: Ach, Herr! du großer und furchtbarer Gott, der den Bund und die Güte denen bewahrt, die ihn lieben und seine Gebote halten!

5 wir haben gesündigt und verkehrt und gesetzlos gehandelt, und wir haben uns empört und sind von deinen Geboten und von deinen echten abgewichen.

6 Und wir haben nicht auf deine Knechte, die Propheten, gehört, welche in deinem Namen zu unseren Königen, unseren Fürsten und unseren Vätern und zu allem Volke des Landes geredet haben.

7 Dein, o Herr, ist die Gerechtigkeit, unser aber die Beschämung des Angesichts, wie es an diesem Tage ist: der Männer von Juda und der Bewohner von Jerusalem, und des ganzen Israel, der Nahen und der Fernen, in allen Ländern, wohin du sie vertrieben hast wegen ihrer Treulosigkeit, die sie gegen dich begangen haben.

8 Jehova! (So nach der letzten kritischen Ausgabe des hebr. Textes. And. l.: Herr!) unser ist die Beschämung des Angesichts, unserer Könige, unserer Fürsten und unserer Väter, weil wir gegen dich gesündigt haben.

9 Des Herrn, unseres Gottes, sind die Erbarmungen und die Vergebungen; denn wir haben uns gegen ihn empört,

10 und wir haben der Stimme Jehovas, unseres Gottes, nicht gehorcht, um in seinen Gesetzen zu wandeln, welche er uns durch seine Knechte, die Propheten, vorgelegt hat.

11 Und ganz Israel hat dein Gesetz übertreten und ist abgewichen, so daß es deiner Stimme nicht gehorcht hat. Und so hat sich der Fluch und der Schwur über uns ergossen, welcher im Gesetz Moses, des Knechtes Gottes, geschrieben steht, weil wir gegen ihn gesündigt haben.

12 Und er hat seine Worte erfüllt, die er über uns und über unsere ichter geredet hat, welche uns richteten, indem er ein großes Unglück über uns brachte (O. daß er ein großes Unglück über uns bringen würde;) so daß unter dem ganzen Himmel keines geschehen ist wie dasjenige, welches an Jerusalem geschehen ist.

13 So wie es im Gesetz Moses geschrieben steht, ist all dieses Unglück über uns gekommen. Und wir flehten Jehova, unseren Gott, nicht an, daß wir von unseren Missetaten umgekehrt wären und Einsicht erlangt hätten für deine Wahrheit.

14 Und so hat Jehova über das Unglück gewacht (Vergl. Jer. 1,12;31,28) und es über uns kommen lassen. Denn Jehova, unser Gott, ist gerecht in allen seinen Taten, die er getan hat (O. tut;) aber wir haben seiner Stimme nicht gehorcht.

15 Und nun, Herr, unser Gott, der du dein Volk aus dem Lande Ägypten mit starker Hand herausgeführt und dir einen Namen gemacht hast, wie es an diesem Tage ist-wir haben gesündigt, wir haben gesetzlos gehandelt.

16 Herr, nach allen deinen Gerechtigkeiten (d. h. den Erweisungen, Betätigungen deiner Gerechtigkeit.) laß doch deinen Zorn und deinen Grimm sich wenden von deiner Stadt Jerusalem, deinem heiligen Berge! denn wegen unserer Sünden und der Missetaten unserer Väter sind Jerusalem und dein Volk zum Hohne geworden allen denen, die uns umgeben.

17 Und nun höre, unser Gott, auf das Gebet deines Knechtes und auf sein Flehen; und um des Herrn willen laß dein Angesicht leuchten über dein verwüstetes Heiligtum!

18 Neige, mein Gott, dein Ohr und höre! tue deine Augen auf und sieh unsere Verwüstungen und die Stadt, welche nach deinem Namen genannt ist! Denn nicht um unserer Gerechtigkeiten willen legen wir unser Flehen vor dir nieder, sondern um deiner vielen Erbarmungen willen.

19 Herr, höre! Herr, vergib! Herr, merke auf und handle; zögere nicht, um deiner selbst willen, mein Gott! denn deine Stadt und dein Volk sind nach deinem Namen genannt.

20 Während ich noch redete und betete, und meine Sünde und die Sünde meines Volkes Israel bekannte, und mein Flehen vor Jehova, meinem Gott, für den heiligen Berg meines Gottes niederlegte,

21 während ich noch redete im Gebet, da kam der Mann Gabriel, den ich im Anfang im Gesicht, als ich ganz ermattet war, gesehen hatte, zu mir her (And. üb.: im Gesicht gesehen hatte, schnell fliegend zu mir her) zur Zeit des Abendopfers (Eig. Abendspeisopfers.)

22 Und er gab mir Verständnis und redete mit mir und sprach: Daniel, jetzt bin ich ausgegangen, um dich Verständnis zu lehren.

23 Im Anfang deines Flehens ist ein Wort ausgegangen, und ich bin gekommen, um es dir kundzutun; denn du bist ein Vielgeliebter. So merke auf das Wort, und verstehe das Gesicht:

24 Siebzig Wochen sind über dein Volk und über deine heilige Stadt bestimmt, um die Übertretung zum Abschluß zu bringen und den Sünden ein Ende zu machen, (Nach and. Les.: die Sünden zu versiegeln) und die Ungerechtigkeit zu sühnen und eine ewige Gerechtigkeit einzuführen, und Gesicht und Propheten zu versiegeln, und ein Allerheiligstes zu salben.

25 So wisse denn und verstehe: Vom Ausgehen des Wortes, Jerusalem wiederherzustellen und zu bauen, bis auf den Messias, den Fürsten (Eig. bis auf einen Gesalbten, einen Fürsten,) sind sieben Wochen und 62 Wochen. Straßen und Gräben werden wiederhergestellt und gebaut werden (Eig. Es (Jerusalem) wird wiederhergestellt usw. werden zu Straßen und Gräben,) und zwar in Drangsal der Zeiten.

26 Und nach den 62 Wochen wird der Messias weggetan (Eig. ausgerottet) werden und nichts haben. Und das Volk des kommenden Fürsten wird die Stadt und das Heiligtum zerstören, und das Ende davon wird durch die überströmende Flut sein (O. die Stadt und das Heiligtum wird das Volk des Fürsten zerstören, welcher kommen und dessen Ende in der überströmenden Flut sein wird;) und bis ans Ende: Krieg, Festbeschlossenes von Verwüstungen.

27 Und er wird einen festen Bund mit den Vielen (d. h. mit der Masse des jüdischen Volkes) schließen für eine Woche; und zur Hälfte der Woche wird er Schlachtopfer und Speisopfer aufhören lassen. Und wegen der Beschirmung der Greuel (Viell. der Greuelgötzen. O. über den Flügel (Beschirmer) der Greuel) wird ein Verwüster kommen (And. üb.: neben dem Flügel (näml. der Cherubim) werden Greuel der Verwüstung stehen,) und zwar bis Vernichtung und Festbeschlossenes (Vergl. Jes. 10,23;28,22) über das Verwüstete (And.: den Verwüster) ausgegossen werden.

← Předchozí   Další →

   Studovat vnitřní smysl
Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

Apocalypse Revealed 548

Die Eheliche Liebe 26

Himmel und Hölle 171

der Propheten und der Psalmen Davids 180


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcana Coelestia 395, 411, 622, 728, 988, 1857, 2025, ...

Apocalypse Revealed 3, 36, 492, 501, 658, 662, 757, ...

Kurze Darstellung 100

Die göttliche Vorsehung 134, 328

Die Lehre vom Herrn 6, 52, 64

Wahre Christliche Religion 157, 179, 181, 378, 755, 758, 761, ...


References from Swedenborg's unpublished works:

Apocalypse Explained 83, 204, 315, 375, 397, 405, 409, ...

On the Athanasian Creed 157

Coronis oder Anhang zur Wahren Christlichen Religion 34

Scriptural Confirmations 4, 38

Jiný komentář

  Příběhy:


  Komentář (pdf)


Hop to Similar Bible Verses

2 Mose 9:27, 13:3, 9, 14, 16, 20:6, 32:11

3 Mose 26:23, 40

4 Mose 6:25, 27, 14:19

5 Mose 7:9, 12, 8:20, 28:15

2 Samuel 12:16, 24:14

1 Koenige 8:28, 30, 18:29, 36

2 Koenige 12, 19:16, 20, 21:15, 22:16

2 Chronik 6:37, 36:16, 21

Esra 8:21, 9:4, 6, 15, 10:1

Nehemia 1:4, 5, 6, 2:5, 6, 4:2, 8, 9:10, 17, 30, 34

Ester 4:1, 3

Hiob 42:6

Psalm 25:6, 67:2, 74:3, 79:4, 9, 80:4, 89:51, 106:6, 111:7, 119:137, 130:4

Sprueche 15:8

Jesaja 10:22, 23, 28:2, 15, 22, 37:17, 42:4, 43:7, 22, 28, 51:6, 8, 53:8, 11, 63:19, 64:4, 6

Jeremia 4:17, 5:3, 6:19, 7:11, 19, 24, 26, 8:6, 12:1, 14:7, 20, 16:11, 25:11, 29:12, 30:7, 14, 32:32, 39:16, 44:22, 23, 27

Klagelieder 1:5, 12, 2:15, 17, 3:22, 42, 56

Hesekiel 4:5, 6, 5:6, 9, 10, 14:14, 16:43, 22:4, 29:11, 36:22

Daniel 4:34, 6:1, 7:25, 8:16, 10:1, 11, 12, 11:10, 36

Mica 5:1

Sacharja 1:4, 6

Matthaeus 24:12, 15, 26:24

Markus 13:14

Lukas 1:19, 17:25, 19:43, 21:6, 22

Roemer 5:19

2 Korinther 21

2 Timotheus 2:7

Hebraeer 9:26

Offenbarung 1:3, 10:7

Word/Phrase Explanations

Samen
'A seed' signifies love, and everyone who has love, as in Genesis 12:7. 8:15, 16. 'A seed' signifies faith grounded in charity. 'A seed' signifies...

Chaldäer
Chaldea was a land lying along the Euphrates river near its mouth, south of Babylon, part of what is now southern Iraq. It was a...

wort
'Word,' as in Psalms 119:6-17, stands for doctrine in general. 'The Word,' as in Psalms 147:18, signifies divine good united with divine truth. 'Word,' as...

Propheten
The idea of a "prophet" is very closely tied to the idea of the Bible itself, since the Bible was largely written by prophets. At...

Jeremia
Jeremiah, in the Book of Jeremiah 1:1 and what follows, represents the Lord. (Arcana Coelestia 2838 [2]). In Jeremiah 13:7, he signifies the state of...

jerusalems
Jerusalem first comes to or attention in II Samuel, chapter 5 where King David takes it from the Jebusites and makes it his capital. In...

Gott
The Lord is love itself, expressed in the form of wisdom itself. Love, then, is His essence, His inmost. Wisdom - the loving understanding of...

suchen
The meaning of "to seek" in the Bible is pretty straightforward, but there is a bit of nuance: Swedenborg tells us that in most cases...

sacktuch
'Being clothed in sackcloth' signifies lamentation because of the devastation of truth in the church. 'Sackcloth,' as in Revelation 6:12, relates to destroyed good.

Asche
Ashes as in ('Ezekiel 27:30') signify what is condemned; because fire from which they are derived signify infernal love. Ashes of the furnace ('Exodus 9:8')...

Jehova
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

sprach
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

güte
In regular language, "mercy" means being caring and compassionate toward those who are in poor states. That's a position we are all in relative to...

geboten
To command is to give an order that something must be done, and is directed to an individual, or a group. It is an imperative,...

gehört
'To hearken to father and mother,' as mentioned in Genesis 28:7, signifies obedience from affection. 'To hearken,' as mentioned in Genesis 30:22, signifies providence. See...

Namen
It's easy to see that names are important in the Bible. Jehovah changed Abram and Sarai to Abraham and Sarah, changed Jacob to Israel and...

Gerechtigkeit
'Justice' signifies both good and truth.

Tage
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

Männer
The relationship between men and women is deep and nuanced, and one entire book of the Writings – Conjugial Love or Love in Marriage –...

Juda
City of Judah,' as in Isaiah 40:9, signifies the doctrine of love towards the Lord and love towards our neighbor in its whole extent.

israel
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

Könige
The human mind is composed of two parts, a will and an understanding, a seat of loves and affections, and a seat of wisdom and...

Väter
Father in the Word means what is most interior, and in those things that are following the Lord's order, it means what is good. In...

stimme
'Voice' signifies what is announced from the Word. 'Voice' often refers and is applied to things that cannot have a voice, as in Exodus 4,...

uns
Angels do give us guidance, but they are mere helpers; the Lord alone governs us, through angels and spirits. Since angels have their assisting role,...

Moses
Moses's name appears 814 times in the Bible (KJV), third-most of any one character (Jesus at 961 actually trails David at 991). He himself wrote...

geschrieben
In John 8:2-11, the Lord wrote twice on the ground, when the woman taken in adultery was brought to him, which signifies the condemnation of...

bringen
As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “bring” is highly dependent on context, but in general it represents an introduction to a new...

unter
Generally speaking things that are seen as lower physically in the Bible represent things that are lower or more external spiritually. In some cases this...

himmel
Heavens are celestial and spiritual things. Consequently, they are inmost things, both of the Lord's kingdom in heaven the and in the earth. This also...

wahrheit
There's a great deal of talk in Swedenborg about "truth" as a concept – it's how we learn the Lord's will, what we must seek...

Kommen
Coming (Gen. 41:14) denotes communication by influx.

gerecht
He is said to be 'just' in a spiritual sense, who lives according to divine laws. They on the right hand being called 'just,' as...

Ägypten
'Mizraim' signifies the same thing as Egypt.

hand
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

Zorn
'Wrath,' as in Genesis 49:7, signifies aversion from truth. 'Great wrath,' as in Revelation 12:12, signifies hatred against the new church.

stadt
Cities of the mountain and cities of the plain (Jer. 33:13) signify doctrines of charity and faith.

augen
It’s common to say “I see” when we understand something. And indeed, “seeing” in the Bible represents grasping and understanding spiritual things. So it makes...

Vor
In most cases, the meaning of "before" is pretty straightforward, both as a way of assessing relative time, and in its use meaning "in someone's...

Berg
'Hills' signify the good of charity.

Gabriel
Gabriel signifies an angelic society in heaven that is made up of people who teach from the Word, particularly about the Lord’s advent.

gesehen
To look,' as in Genesis 18:22, signifies thinking, because seeing denotes understanding. Look not back behind thee,' as in Genesis 19:17, means that Lot, who...

Zeit
Time is an aspect of the physical world, but according to Swedenborg is not an aspect of the spiritual world. The same is true of...

heilige
The Bible describes many things as being holy, or sacred. The Ark of the Covenant is one very holy object. The inmost chamber of the...

Sünden
In the Word three terms are used to mean bad things that are done. These three are transgression, iniquity, and sin, and they are here...

salben
Oil in the Bible represents the Lord’s love, so anointing someone (or something) with oil was a way to make that person (or object) a...

bauen
wrought (also entwined or entwisted) is predicated of the natural scientific principle, and in Isaiah 45:13, of divine natural truth.

Messias
'Messiah' signifies divine truth.

Sieben
The number 'seven' was considered holy, as is well known, because of the six days of creation, and the seventh, which is the celestial self,...

nach
Behind, or after, (Gen. 16:13), signifies within or above, or an interior or superior principle.

Heiligtum
'Sanctuary' signifies the truth of heaven and the church. 'Sanctuary,' as in Ezekiel 24:21, signifies the Word.

Krieg
War in the Word represents the combat of temptation when what is good is assaulted by what is evil or false. The evil that attacks...

hälfte
Half and double in reference to numbers in the world have a similar signification as the numbers themselves.

Flügel
'Wings' signify spiritual truths. 'Wings,' when related to the Lord, signify the divine spiritual. In the opposite sense, 'wings' relate to falsities and rationalizations from...

Ze Swedenborgových děl

 

Apocalypse Explained # 1100

Apocalypse Explained (Whitehead translation)      

Study this Passage

Přejděte do sekce / 1232  

← Předchozí   Další →

1100. And a hold of every unclean and hateful bird, signifies where there are nothing but falsities from the falsified truths of the Word. This is evident from the signification of a "hold," as being where the falsifiers are, thus hell (as above); also from the signification of "every unclean and hateful bird," as being falsities from the falsified truths of the Word; for "birds" signify things rational and intellectual, thoughts, ideas, and reasonings, thus truths or falsities, and "unclean" means what flows forth from a filthy love, and especially from the love of having dominion, for this constitutes uncleanness in hell; and "hateful" signifies what flows forth from a false principle, thus from a religious principle confirmed by the sense of the letter of the Word falsified. It is from correspondence that "birds" signify such things as pertain to man's thought, both spiritual and infernal, thus both truths and falsities, for these pertain to thought. That this is from correspondence is evident from the birds seen in the spiritual world, where all things that appear before the eyes and the other senses are correspondences. All sorts of animals of the earth, also flying things of heaven, both beautiful and unbeautiful, are seen there, and they appear from the affections and thoughts of angels or of spirits, the animals from affections, and the flying things from thoughts. It is known to everyone there that these are correspondences; and they know also to what affections and thoughts they correspond. That they are correspondences of affections and thoughts is made to appear most clearly; since they are instantly dissipated when the spirit or the angel goes away or stops thinking about the matter. As birds are correspondences of thoughts both rational and not rational, thus of both verities and falsities, therefore they have this signification in the Word, for all things of the Word are correspondences.

(Odkazy: Revelation 18:2)


[2] That "birds" signify thoughts that are from truths, both rational and spiritual, can be seen from the following passages. In David:

Let them praise the name of Jehovah, the wild beast and every beast, creeping thing and winged bird (Psalms 148:5, 10).

That "the wild beast and beast" signify the affections of the natural man, both of truth and of good, and in the contrary sense the cupidities of falsity and evil, may be seen above (n. 522, 650, 781); therefore "winged bird" signifies thoughts. This is why it is said that they should praise Jehovah, for it is man who must praise from affections and thoughts, thus from goods and truths.

(Odkazy: The Apocalypse Explained 522, 650, 781)


[3] In Hosea:

In that day will I make a covenant for them with the wild beast of the field, and with the bird of the heavens, and with the creeping thing of the earth; and I will break the bow and the sword and the war from the earth (Hosea 2:18).

This is said of the Lord's coming and of the state of heaven and the church from Him. "In that day" means the Lord's coming; "the covenant" that He will then make signifies conjunction with those who believe in Him; therefore, "the wild beast of the field and the bird of heaven" cannot mean wild beasts and birds, but must mean the things to which they correspond, which are the affections of good and truth and consequent thoughts. That there will then be no infestation from falsities and evils from hell is signified by "the bow, the sword, and the war, shall be broken in the earth."

[4] In David:

Thou madest him to have dominion over the works of Thy hands, Thou hast put all things under his feet, flocks and herds, yea, the beasts of the fields, the birds of heaven, and the fish of the sea (Psalms 8:6-8).

This treats of the Lord, of whom it is here said that "He shall have dominion over all the works of Jehovah's hands," which does not mean terrestrial things, such as flocks, herds, beasts, birds, and fishes. For what have these things to do with His dominion, which is in the heavens, and from the heavens over men on the earth, whom He will lead to life eternal? Therefore the spiritual things of the church are what are meant, "flock" signifying in general all things spiritual with man, "herd" all things natural with him that correspond to things spiritual, "beasts of the fields" affections of good in the natural man that pertain to the church (for "field" signifies the church), "birds of heaven" signify the thoughts of the rational man, and "fishes of the sea" knowledges.

[5] In Ezekiel:

I will take of the shoot of a high cedar, in the mountain of the height of Israel will I plant it, that it may lift up the bough and bear fruit and become a magnificent cedar; that under it may dwell every bird of every wing, in the shades of its branches shall they dwell (Ezekiel 17:22-23).

This means the establishment of a new church by the Lord; its establishment anew or from its first rise is meant by "the shoot of a high cedar," "cedar" here as elsewhere in the Word signifies the spiritual rational church, such as was the church with the ancients after the flood. "To plant a shoot in the mountain of the height of Israel" signifies in spiritual good, which is the good of charity, "the mountain of the height of Israel" signifying that good; "to become a magnificent cedar" signifies the full establishment of that church; "that under it may dwell every bird of every wing" signifies that there will be rational truths of every kind in that church; "to dwell in the shade of its branches" signifies these terminated in natural truths, since these cover and guard rational truths that are from a spiritual origin.

[6] In the same:

Ashur a cedar in Lebanon, which has become high. In his branches have all the birds of the heavens built their nests, and under his branches all the beasts of the field have brought forth, and in his shade have dwelt all great nations (Ezekiel 31:3, 5-6).

Here, too, "cedar" signifies the spiritual rational church, since "Assyria" signifies the rational; and as "cedar" signifies the church, it follows that "the birds of the heavens that have built their nests in its branches," and "the beasts of the field that have brought forth under them," mean rational thoughts respecting the truths of the church, and the affections of them; and this being the meaning it is added, "In his shade have dwelt all great nations."

[7] In Daniel:

Nebuchadnezzar in a dream saw a tree in the midst of the earth, and the height thereof was great; and it grew and became strong, and the height thereof reached even unto heaven, and the sight thereof unto the end of the earth; the leaf thereof was beautiful, and the flower thereof much; and in it was food for all. The beast of the field had shade under it, and the birds of the heavens dwelt in the branches of it, and all flesh was nourished by it. But a watcher and an holy one came down from heaven, crying out, Hew down the tree, and cut off his branches, shake off his leaf, and scatter his flower; let the beast flee away from under it, and the birds from his branches (Daniel 4:10-14, 20-21).

Here, too, "tree" signifies the church called Babylon in its beginning and progress, and here that church in the knowledges of truth and good. Its beginning and progress is described in the words, "it became great and strong, the leaf thereof was beautiful, and the flower thereof much, and in it was food for all;" its affections of good and thoughts of truth are signified by "the beast of the field that had shade under it, and the birds that dwelt in its branches." That it lifted up its dominion over the holy things of the church and of heaven, is meant by "a watcher and an holy one came down from heaven, and cried out, Hew down the tree and cut off his branches." That "beast and bird" here signify affections and thoughts is evident from its being said, when the tree was cut down, "let the beast flee away from under it, and the birds from his branches."

[8] "The birds of heaven" have a similar signification in the Gospels:

Jesus said, The kingdom of the heavens is like unto a grain of mustard seed, which a man took and sowed in his field, and it becometh a tree, so that the winged things of heaven come and build nests in the branches thereof (Matthew 13:31-32; Mark 4:31-32; Luke 13:19).

"A tree from a grain of mustard seed" signifies a man of the church, and also a church beginning from a very little spiritual good by means of truth; for if only a very little spiritual good takes root with a man it grows like a seed in good ground. And as a "tree" thus signifies a man of the church, it follows that "the winged things of heaven" that made nests in its branches signify the knowledges of truth and thoughts therefrom. Anyone can see this is not a mere comparison, for if it were, what would be the need of such things in the Word and of like things in the Prophets?

(Odkazy: Luke 13:18-19)


[9] So again in David:

Jehovah sendeth forth fountains into the streams, they go between the mountains. They give drink to every wild beast of the fields; the wild asses quench their thirst; by them the bird of the heavens dwells, from among the boughs they utter their voices. The trees of Jehovah are satisfied, the cedars of Lebanon which He hath planted, where the birds make their nests; as to the stork her house is in the fir trees (Psalms 104:10-12, 16-17).

Such things as these also would not have been said in the Divine Word unless each particular of them had been a correspondence of things spiritual and celestial, and consequently holy. For otherwise why should it be said that "streams from fountains go between the mountains, and give drink to every wild beast of the field; that the wild asses quench their thirst, and by them the bird of the heavens dwells, and utters its voice among the boughs, and the stork in the fir trees"? But when by "fountains" truths of the Word are understood, by "rivers" intelligence therefrom, by "mountains" goods of love, by "wild beast of the fields" affections of truth, by "wild asses" the rational, and by "birds of the heavens" thoughts from Divine truths, then the Word is the holy Divine; otherwise it would be merely human.

[10] In Job:

Ask, I pray, the beasts, and they shall teach thee, or the birds of heaven, and they shall tell thee, and the fishes of the sea shall declare unto thee. Who doth not know from all these that the hand of Jehovah doeth this? (Job 12:7-9).

Evidently "beasts, birds of heaven, and fishes of the sea," do not mean here beasts, birds, and fishes, for these cannot be asked, or teach, or tell, or declare "that the hand of Jehovah doeth this;" but these signify the things that pertain to man's intelligence, "beasts" meaning his affections, "birds of heaven" his thoughts, and "fishes of the sea" cognitions and knowledges [cognitiones et scientifica]. From these man can teach that the hand of Jehovah doeth it. Unless the things of man's intelligence were signified by "beasts, birds, and fishes," it could not be asked, "Who doth not know from all these?"

(Odkazy: Acts of the Apostles 12:7-9)


[11] In Ezekiel:

Son of man, Say to the bird of every wing, and to every wild beast of the field, Gather yourselves and come, gather yourselves from every side to a great sacrifice upon the mountains of Israel. And I will give My glory among the nations (Ezekiel 39:17, 21).

This describes the establishment of the church among the nations, and the invitation and calling to it, for it is said, "So will I give my glory among the nations;" therefore "the bird of every wing," and "every wild beast of the field," signify all who are in the affection of good and the understanding of truth.

[12] So in Revelation:

An angel standing in the sun cried out with a great voice, saying to all the birds that fly in the midst of heaven, Come and be gathered together to the supper of the great God (Revelation 19:17).

Here "birds flying in the midst of heaven" cannot mean birds, but men who are rational and spiritual; for they are invited to the supper of the great God.

[13] In Jeremiah:

I beheld the mountains, and lo they were moved, and all the hills were overturned; I beheld, when lo there was no man, and all the birds of heaven were flown away. I beheld when Carmel was a wilderness, and all its cities were desolated (Jeremiah 4:24-26).

This was said of the devastation of the church as to all its good and truth. "Mountains and valleys" signify celestial and spiritual loves; and "to be moved and overturned" signifies to perish. For in the spiritual world, when there no longer exists in spirits any celestial or spiritual love, the mountains are actually moved and the hills overthrown upon which they dwelt. "All the birds were flown away" signifies that there was no longer any knowledge and consequent thought of truth; "there was no man" signifies no understanding of truth; "Carmel was a wilderness" signifies a church destitute of good and truth; and "its cities desolated" signifies that there were no longer any doctrinals of truth.

[14] In the same:

The habitations are laid waste, so that no man passeth through, neither do they hear the voice of cattle; from the bird of the heavens even to the beast they have flown away, they have gone; for I will make Jerusalem heaps, a habitation of dragons (Jeremiah 9:10-11; 12:9).

Here, too, the devastation of the church is described. "The habitations that are laid waste, so that no man passeth through," signify the doctrinals of the church which were from the Word, in which now there is no good or truth; "the voice of cattle which they do not hear," signifies good of charity and truth of faith, of which there is none; "the birds of the heavens and even the beasts are flown away, they have gone" signifies that there is no longer any thought of truth from the knowledge of it, nor any affection of good. This evidently does not mean the flying away of the birds of heaven and the going away of the beasts of the earth, but the vastation of the church as to doctrine, for it is added, "I will make Jerusalem into heaps, a habitation of dragons," "Jerusalem" signifying the church as to doctrine, and "making it into heaps, and into a habitation of dragons," its devastation.

[15] In Hosea:

There is no truth and no mercy, and no knowledge of God in the land. Therefore the land shall mourn for the wild beast of the field, and for the bird of the heavens; yea, the fishes of the sea shall be gathered together (Hosea 4:1, 3).

Evidently "the wild beast of the field, the bird of the heavens, and the fishes of the sea," have the same signification here as above, for here, too, the devastation of the church is treated of, for it is said, "there is no truth, no mercy, and no knowledge of God in the land," and "the land" signifies the church.

[16] In Zephaniah:

I will consume man and beast, I will consume the bird of the heavens and the fishes of the sea, I will cut off man from the faces of the land (Zephaniah 1:3).

"To consume man and beast" signifies to destroy spiritual and natural affection; "to consume the birds of the heavens and the fishes of the sea" signifies to destroy the perceptions and knowledges of truth; and as these signify things pertaining to the church it is said, "I will cut off man from the faces of the land," "man" signifying everything of the church.

[17] In David:

God said, I know every bird of the mountains, and the wild beast of My fields is with Me (Psalms 50:11).

In Ezekiel:

There shall be a great earthquake upon the land of Israel, and the fishes of the sea, and the bird of the heavens, and the wild beast of the field, and every creeping thing that creepeth upon the earth, and every man who is upon the faces of the earth shall tremble before Me (Ezekiel 38:19-20).

Here "the bird of the heavens and the wild beast of the field" have the same signification as above. "Earthquake" signifies a change of state of the church.

[18] In Isaiah:

Woe to the land shadowed with wings, which is beyond the rivers of Cush. The bird of the mountains and the beasts of the earth shall be left, but the bird shall loathe it, and every beast of the earth shall despise it (Isaiah 18:1, 6).

This treats of the establishment of the church with the nations and the devastation of the Jewish church; therefore "the bird and beast of the earth" signify the knowledges of truth and the affections of good.

[19] In the same:

I am God, and there is no God besides, and there is none like Me, calling a bird from the east, a man of counsel from a land far off (Isaiah 46:9, 11).

The "bird" called from the east signifies the truth of the Word, which is said to be "from the east" because it is from the good of love, "the east" being the good of love. Otherwise, what could be meant by "God shall call a bird from the east, and a man of counsel from a land far off"? "A man of counsel" means a man who is intelligent from truths that are from the good of love.

[20] In Hosea:

Ephraim, as a bird shall his glory fly away, from the birth and from the belly and from conception (Hosea 9:11).

In the same:

I will not return to destroy Ephraim. They shall go after Jehovah. With honor shall they come as a bird out of Egypt, and as a dove from the land of Assyria (Hosea 11:9-11).

"Ephraim" signifies the understanding of the truths of the church; and this is why he is compared to a bird, and it is said, "as a bird shall his glory fly away." Also in Hosea (Hosea 7:12) he is compared to a bird, for a "bird" signifies everything pertaining to the understanding, including the knowing, the thinking, and the reasoning faculties; while everything that is delightful and pleasurable, thus that pertains to the will and affection, is signified by "beast and wild beast." "The bird from Egypt" signifies the knowing faculty, which pertains to the natural man; and "the dove from Assyria" the rational faculty, since "Egypt" signifies the knowing faculty, and "Assyria" the rational faculty. Here a church to be established by the Lord is treated of.

[21] As most things of the Word have also a contrary sense, so have birds, and in that sense they signify fallacies from the sensual man, also reasonings from falsities against truths, and also falsities themselves, worse and more noxious according to the genera and the species of unclean birds; rapacious birds signifying especially the falsities that destroy truths. In many passages of the Word it is said that men "should be given for food to birds and wild beasts," which signifies that they would altogether perish by fallacies, falsities, consequent reasonings, cupidities of evil, and in general by evils and falsities from hell. This is signified by "being given for food to the birds of heaven and the beasts of the earth" in the following passages. In Jeremiah:

The carcass of this people shall be for food to the bird of the heavens, none shall frighten them away (Jeremiah 7:33).

In the same:

I will visit upon you in four kinds, with the sword to kill, and with dogs to drag about, and with the birds of the heavens and the beasts of the earth to devour and to destroy (Jeremiah 15:3).

In the same:

They shall be consumed by the sword and by famine, that their carcass may become food for the birds of the heavens and the beast of the earth (Jeremiah 16:4; 19:7; 34:20).

In Ezekiel:

Upon the faces of the field thou shalt fall, thou shalt not be brought together nor gathered; I have given thee for food to the wild beast of the earth and the bird of heaven (Jeremiah 29:5).

Upon the mountains of Israel thou shalt fall; I have given thee for food to the bird of the heavens of every wing and to the wild beast of the field (Jeremiah 39:4).

This is said of Gog. In David:

The nations have come into Thine inheritance, they have defiled the temple of Thy holiness; they have laid Jerusalem in heaps, the carcass of Thy servants have they given for food to the bird of the heavens, the flesh of Thy saints to the wild beast of the earth (Psalms 79:1-2).

(Odkazy: Ezekiel 29:5, 39:4)


[22] Because of this signification of "the birds of the heavens and the wild beasts of the earth," and because the nations of the land of Canaan signified the evils and the falsities of the church, it was customary for the Jewish nation to expose the carcasses of their enemies after their slaughter to the wild beasts and birds, by which they were devoured. This is why it was formerly regarded as horrible and profane, and is still so regarded, to leave dead men upon the face of the earth unburied, even after a battle. Also this is the signification in the Word of "not being buried," and of "bones drawn out of the graves and cast forth." Infernal falsities are signified also by:

The birds that came down upon the carcasses, that Abram drove away (Genesis 15:11).

Also by the birds in Revelation (Revelation 19:21);

Also by the birds that devoured that which was sown on the hard way (Matthew 13:3, 4; Mark 4:4; Luke 8:5).

In Daniel:

In the midst of the week he shall cause the sacrifice and the meal offering to cease. At last upon the bird of abominations shall be desolation, and even to the consummation and decision it shall drop upon the devastation (Daniel 9:27).

This is said of the total devastation of the Jewish church which was when the Lord was born. Its devastation by horrible falsities is signified by "the bird of abominations"; that falsity is here meant by "bird" is clearly evident. It is to be known that there are many kinds of falsities, and that each of them is signified by its own kind of bird; and these are enumerated in Moses (Leviticus 11:13; and Deuteronomy 14:11-20), and are mentioned in various parts of the Word, as the eagle, the kite, the woodpecker, the raven, the screech owl, the spoonbill, the heron, the owl, the horned owl, the dragon, and others.

(Continuation respecting the Athanasian Faith)

(Odkazy: Matthew 13:3-4)


[23] About God and about Divine things, which are called in heaven celestial and spiritual, and in the world ecclesiastical and theological, there is thought from light; there is also thought not from light about them. Those have thought not from light who know about these things but do not understand them. Such are all those at the present day who wish the understanding to be kept under obedience to faith, holding even that a thing must be believed and not understood, and claiming that intellectual faith is not true faith. But these are such as are not interiorly in the genuine affection of truth, and consequently are in no enlightenment; and many of them are in the pride of self-intelligence, and in the love of ruling over the souls of men by means of the holy things of the church, not knowing that truth wishes to be in the light, since the light of heaven is the Divine truth, and that a truly human understanding is moved by that light and sees from it, and that when the understanding does not see from that light it is the memory that has faith and not the man; and such faith is blind, because without an idea from the light of truth; for the understanding is the man, and the memory introduces. If what is not understood must be believed a man might be taught like a parrot to speak and to remember, even that there is holiness in the bones of the dead and in sepulchers, that carcasses perform miracles, that man will be tormented in purgatory if he does not consecrate his wealth to idols or to monasteries, that men are gods because heaven and hell are in their power, with other like things which man must believe from a blind faith and from a closed understanding, and thus from the light of both extinguished. But be it known that all the truths of the Word, which are the truths of heaven and of the church, can be seen by the understanding, in heaven spiritually, in the world rationally; for a truly human understanding is the sight itself of these truths, for it is separated from what is material, and when separated it sees truths as clearly as the eye sees objects; it sees truths as it loves them, for as it loves them it is enlightened. The angels have wisdom in consequence of seeing truths; when, therefore, it is said to any angel that this or that must be believed although it is not understood, the angel answers, Do you think that I am insane, or that you are God whom I am to believe if I do not see? It may be falsity from hell.

(Odkazy: Revelation 18:2)

Přejděte do sekce / 1232  

← Předchozí   Další →

   Study this Passage
From Swedenborg's Works

References from Swedenborg's unpublished works:

Apocalypse Explained 1095

Other New Christian Commentary

Thanks to the Swedenborg Foundation for their permission to use this translation.


Přeložit: