Bible

 

Jérémie 51

French: Martin (1744)         

Studovat vnitřní smysl

← Předchozí   Další →

1 Ainsi a dit l'Eternel : voici, je m'en vais faire lever un vent de destruction contre Babylone, et contre ceux qui habitent au cœur [du Royaume] de ceux qui s'élèvent contre moi.

2 Et j'enverrai contre Babylone des vanneurs qui la vanneront, et qui videront son pays; car de tous côtés ils seront venus contre elle au jour de son mal.

3 Qu'on bande l'arc contre celui qui bande son arc, et contre celui qui se confie en sa cuirasse; et n'épargnez point ses gens d'élite, exterminez à la façon de l'interdit toute son armée;

4 Et les blessés à mort tomberont au pays des Caldéens; et les transpercés [tomberont] dans ses places;

5 Car Israël et Juda n'est point privé de son Dieu, de l'Eternel des armées; quoique leur pays ait été trouvé par le Saint d'Israël plein de crimes.

6 Fuyez hors de Babylone, et sauvez chacun sa vie, ne soyez point exterminés dans son iniquité; car c'est le temps de la vengeance de l'Eternel; il lui rend ce qu'elle a mérité.

7 Babylone a été comme une coupe d'or en la main de l'Eternel, enivrant toute la terre; les nations ont bu de son vin; c'est pourquoi les nations en ont perdu l'esprit.

8 Babylone est tombée en un instant, et a été brisée; hurlez sur elle, prenez du baume pour sa douleur, peut-être qu'elle guérira.

9 Nous avons traité Babylone, et elle n'est point guérie; laissez-la et allons-nous-en chacun en son pays; car son procès est parvenu jusqu’aux cieux, et s'est élevé jusqu’aux nues.

10 L'Eternel a mis en évidence notre justice. Venez, et racontons en Sion l'œuvre de l'Eternel notre Dieu.

11 Fourbissez les flèches, et empoignez à pleines mains les boucliers; l'Eternel a réveillé l'esprit des Rois de Méde; car sa pensée est contre Babylone pour la détruire, parce que c'est ici la vengeance de l'Eternel, et la vengeance de son Temple.

12 Elevez l'enseigne sur les murailles de Babylone, renforcez la garnison, posez les gardes, préparez des embûches; car l'Eternel a formé un dessein, même il a fait ce qu'il a dit contre les habitants de Babylone.

13 Tu étais assise sur plusieurs eaux, abondante en trésors; ta fin est venue, et le comble de ton gain déshonnête.

14 L'Eternel des armées a juré par soi-même, en disant : si je ne te remplis d'hommes comme de hurebecs, et s'ils ne s'entre-répondent pour s'encourager contre toi.

15 C'est lui qui a fait la terre par sa vertu, et qui a rangé le monde habitable par sa sagesse, et qui a étendu les cieux par son intelligence.

16 Sitôt qu'il fait ouïr sa voix il y a un grand bruit d'eaux dans les cieux; après qu'il a fait monter du bout de la terre les vapeurs, ses éclairs annoncent la pluie, et il tire le vent hors de ses trésors.

17 Tout homme paraît abruti dans sa science; tout fondeur est rendu honteux par les images taillées; car ce qu'ils fondent est une fausseté, et il n'y a point de respiration en elles.

18 Elles ne sont que vanité, et un ouvrage propre à abuser; elles périront au temps de leur visitation.

19 La portion de Jacob n'est point comme ces choses-là; car c'est celui qui a tout formé, et il est le lot de son héritage; son Nom est l'Eternel des armées.

20 Tu m'as été un marteau [et] des instruments de guerre; par toi j'ai mis en pièces les nations, et par toi j'ai détruit les Royaumes.

21 Et par toi j'ai mis en pièces le cheval et celui qui le monte; et par toi j'ai mis en pièces le chariot et celui qui était monté dessus.

22 Et par toi j'ai mis en pièces l'homme et la femme; et par toi j'ai mis en pièces le vieillard et le jeune garçon; et par toi j'ai mis en pièces le jeune homme et la vierge.

23 Et par toi j'ai mis en pièces le pasteur et son troupeau; et par toi j'ai mis en pièces le laboureur et ses bœufs accouplés; et par toi j'ai mis en pièces les gouverneurs et les magistrats.

24 Mais je rendrai à Babylone, et à tous les habitants de la Caldée, tout le mal qu'ils ont fait à Sion, vous le voyant, dit l'Eternel.

25 Voici, j'en veux à toi, montagne qui détruis, dit l'Eternel, qui détruis toute la terre; et j'étendrai ma main sur toi, et je te roulerai en bas du haut des rochers, et je te réduirai en montagne d'embrasement.

26 Et on ne pourra prendre de toi aucune pierre pour la placer à l'angle de l'édifice, ni aucune pierre pour servir de fondement, car tu seras des désolations perpétuelles, dit l'Eternel.

27 Levez l'enseigne sur la terre, sonnez de la trompette parmi les nations; préparez les nations contre elle; convoquez contre elle les Royaumes d'Ararat, de Minni, et d'Askenas; établissez contre elle des Capitaines, faites monter ses chevaux comme le hurebec qui se hérisse.

28 Préparez contre elle les nations, les Rois de Méde, ses gouverneurs, et tous ses magistrats, et tout le pays de sa domination.

29 Et la terre en sera ébranlée, et en sera en travail, parce que tout ce que l'Eternel a pensé a été effectué contre Babylone, pour réduire le pays en désolation, tellement qu'il n'y ait personne qui [y] habite.

30 Les hommes forts de Babylone ont cessé de combattre, ils se sont tenus dans les forteresses, leur force est éteinte, et ils sont devenus [comme] des femmes; on a brûlé ses demeures; et ses barres ont été rompues.

31 Le courrier viendra à la rencontre du courrier, et le messager viendra à la rencontre du messager, pour annoncer au Roi de Babylone que sa ville est prise par un bout;

32 Et que ses gués sont surpris, et que ses marais sont brûlés au feu, et que les hommes de guerre sont épouvantés.

33 Car ainsi a dit l'Eternel des armées, le Dieu d'Israël : la fille de Babylone est comme une aire; il est temps qu'elle soit foulée; encore un peu, et le temps de sa moisson viendra.

34 Nébucadnetsar Roi de Babylone, [dira Jérusalem], m'a dévorée et m'a froissée; il m'a mise dans le même état qu'un vaisseau qui ne sert de rien; il m'a engloutie comme un dragon; il a rempli son ventre de mes délices, il m'a chassée au loin.

35 Ce qu'il m'a ravi par violence, et ma chair [est] à Babylone, dira l'habitante de Sion; et mon sang est chez les habitants de la Caldée, dira Jérusalem.

36 C'est pourquoi ainsi a dit l'Eternel : voici, je m'en vais plaider ta cause, et je ferai la vengeance pour toi; je dessécherai sa mer, et je ferai tarir sa source.

37 Et Babylone sera réduite en monceaux, en demeure de dragons, en étonnement, et en opprobre, sans que personne [y] habite.

38 Ils rugiront ensemble comme des lionceaux, et bruiront comme des faons de lions.

39 Je les ferai échauffer dans leurs festins, et les enivrerai, afin qu'ils se réjouissent, et qu'ils dorment d'un sommeil perpétuel, et qu'ils ne se réveillent plus, dit l'Eternel.

40 Je les ferai descendre comme des agneaux à la tuerie, et comme [on y mène] les moutons avec les boucs.

41 Comment a été prise Sésac? et [comment] a été saisie celle qui était la louange de toute la terre? comment Babylone a-t-elle été réduite en désolation parmi les nations?

42 La mer est montée sur Babylone, elle a été couverte de la multitude de ses flots.

43 Ses villes ont été un sujet d'étonnement, une terre sèche et de landes, un pays où personne ne demeure, et où il ne passe pas un fils d'homme.

44 Je punirai aussi Bel à Babylone, et je tirerai hors de sa bouche ce qu'il avait englouti, et les nations n'aborderont plus vers lui; la muraille même de Babylone est tombée.

45 Mon peuple, sortez du milieu d'elle, et sauvez chacun sa vie de l'ardeur de la colère de l'Eternel.

46 De peur que votre cœur ne s'amollisse, et que vous n'ayez peur des nouvelles qu'on entendra dans tout le pays; car des nouvelles viendront une année, et après cela [d'autres] nouvelles une [autre] année, et il y aura violence dans la terre, et dominateur sur dominateur.

47 C'est pourquoi voici, les jours viennent que je punirai les images taillées de Babylone, et tout son pays sera rendu honteux, et tous ses blessés à mort tomberont au milieu d'elle.

48 Les cieux, et la terre, et tout ce qui y est, se réjouiront avec chant de triomphe contre Babylone, parce qu'il viendra de l'Aquilon des destructeurs contre elle, dit l'Eternel.

49 Et comme Babylone a fait tomber les blessés à mort d'Israël, ainsi les blessés à mort de tout le pays tomberont à Babylone.

50 Vous qui êtes échappés de l'épée, marchez, ne vous arrêtez point; souvenez-vous de l'Eternel dans ces pays éloignés où vous êtes, et que Jérusalem vous revienne au cœur.

51 [Mais vous direz] : nous sommes honteux des reproches que nous avons entendus; la confusion a couvert nos faces, en ce que les étrangers sont venus contre les Sanctuaires de la maison de l'Eternel.

52 C'est pourquoi voici, les jours viennent, dit l'Eternel, que je ferai justice de ses images taillées, et les blessés à mort gémiront par tout son pays.

53 Quand Babylone serait montée jusqu'aux cieux, et qu'elle aurait fortifié le plus haut de sa forteresse, toutefois les destructeurs y entreront de par moi, dit l'Eternel.

54 Un grand cri s'entend de Babylone, et un grand débris du pays des Caldéens.

55 Parce que l'Eternel s'en va détruire Babylone, et il abolira du milieu d'elle la voix magnifique, et leurs flots bruiront comme de grosses eaux, l'éclat de leur bruit retentira.

56 Car le destructeur est venu contre elle, contre Babylone; ses hommes forts ont été pris, et leurs arcs ont été brisés; car le [Dieu] Fort des rétributions, l'Eternel, ne manque jamais à rendre la pareille.

57 J'enivrerai donc ses principaux et ses sages, ses gouverneurs et ses magistrats, et ses hommes forts; ils dormiront d'un sommeil perpétuel, et ils ne se réveilleront plus, dit le Roi dont le Nom est l'Eternel des armées.

58 Ainsi a dit l'Eternel des armées : Il n'y aura aucune muraille de Babylone, quelque large qu'elle soit, qui ne soit entièrement rasée; et ses portes, qui sont si hautes, seront brûlées au feu; ainsi les peuples auront travaillé inutilement, et les nations pour le feu, et elles s'y seront lassées.

59 C'est ici l'ordre que Jérémie le Prophète donna à Séraja, fils de Nérija, fils de Mahaséja, quand il alla de la part de Sédécias Roi de Juda en Babylone, la quatrième année de son Règne; or Séraja était principal Chambellan.

60 Car Jérémie écrivit dans un livre tout le mal qui devait venir sur Babylone; savoir toutes ces paroles qui sont écrites contre Babylone.

61 Jérémie donc dit à Séraja : Sitôt que tu seras venu à Babylone, et que tu l'auras vue, tu liras toutes ces paroles-là;

62 Et tu diras : Eternel, tu as parlé contre ce lieu-ci pour l'exterminer, en sorte qu'il n'y ait aucun habitant, depuis l'homme jusqu'à la bête, mais qu'il soit réduit en désolations perpétuelles.

63 Et sitôt que tu auras achevé de lire ce livre, tu le lieras à une pierre, et le jetteras dans l'Euphrate;

64 Et tu diras : Babylone sera ainsi plongée, et elle ne se relèvera point du mal que je m'en vais faire venir sur elle, et ils en seront accablés. Jusques ici sont les paroles de Jérémie.

← Předchozí   Další →

   Studovat vnitřní smysl
Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcanes Célestes 1368

The Inner Meaning of the Prophets and Psalms 117


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcanes Célestes 42, 150, 215, 583, 623, 1072, 1154, ...

L’Apocalypse Révélée 24, 158, 238, 241, 285, 298, 316, ...

Doctrine de a Nouvelle Jérusalem sur Le Seigneur 4, 39, 40, 47, 48, 53

Du Ciel et de L'Enfer 365

La Vraie Religion Chrétienne 93, 158


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 63, 187, 261, 273, 275, 278, 304, ...

Nine Questions 4

Marriage 93

Scriptural Confirmations 2, 4, 19, 21, 51, 98

Jiný komentář

  Příběhy:


Skočit na podobné biblické verše

Genèse 8:4, 10:3

Nombres 16:26

Deutéronome 32:43

Juges 6:5

1 Samuel 2:4

Esdras 5:12

Emploi 20:15

Psaumes 37:6, 15, 66:16, 79:1, 4, 10, 89:46, 94:1, 115:5, 118:17, 135:4, 7, 137:1, 5

Proverbes 11:10

Ésaïe 2:18, 8:7, 8, 11:12, 13:1, 13, 14:1, 14, 19:5, 16, 21:1, 9, 24:14, 20, 34:13, 14, 37:38, 41:16, 42:22, 43:14, 44:24, 45:2, 47:1, 48:13, 49:15, 51:13, 15, 57:12

Jérémie 4:11, 10:11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 13:4, 14:9, 19, 15:7, 18:16, 19:10, 25:12, 14, 16, 26, 29:12, 30:2, 32:12, 44:26, 46:11, 18, 48:6, 49:16, 50:3, 12, 17, 51:1, 3, 4, 5, 6, 11, 12, 19, 24, 26, 28, ...

Lamentations 1:10, 22, 2:16, 21, 3:64, 5:1

Ézéchiel 6:6, 9, 25:14, 26:3

Daniel 5:1, 28, 30, 6:1, 11, 7:2

Osée 2:1, 3

Amos 6:8

Michée 4:12, 7:9

Nahum 3:13, 18

Habacuc 2:8, 9, 13

Marc 13:7

Romains 4:17

2 Corinthiens 6:17

Apocalypse 14:8, 16:12, 17:1, 4, 18:4, 5, 20, 21

Vysvětlení slova/fráze

dit
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

l'eternel
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

Vent
Because a nearer and stronger divine influx through the heavens disperses truths among the wicked, 'wind' signifies this dispersion of truth and the resulting conjunction...

Babylone
Babylon was an ancient city built on the Euphrates river in what is now southern Iraq. It once was the capital of a great empire...

habitent
'To tarry,' as in Genesis 27:44, signifies almost the same thing as 'to dwell,' except that 'to tarry' relates to the life of truth with...

cœur
The heart means love. A good heart means love to the Lord and to the neighbor while a hard or stony heart means the love...

pays
Generally in the Bible a "country" means a political subdivision ruled by a king, or sometimes a tribe with a territory ruled by a king...

côtés
'Side' signifies good or spiritual love.

jour
"Day" describes a state in which we are turned toward the Lord, and are receiving light (which is truth) and heat (which is a desire...

mal
'Wickedness' signifies evil, and 'iniquity' signifies falsities.

arc
A bow signifies falsity of doctrine destroying truth, and spear, the falsity of evil de­stroying good. (Jer. 6:23.)

armée
A host and an army come from the same Hebrew word and mean the same thing in Bible; when the Children of Israel were numbered...

mort
'The slain' when referring to the Lord, as in Revelation 5, means the separation of everything from the divine. In denial of His divinity, He...

caldéens
Chaldea was a land lying along the Euphrates river near its mouth, south of Babylon, part of what is now southern Iraq. It was a...

Israël
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

Juda
City of Judah,' as in Isaiah 40:9, signifies the doctrine of love towards the Lord and love towards our neighbor in its whole extent.

Dieu
Le Seigneur est l'amour lui-même, exprimé sous la forme de la sagesse elle-même. L'amour, donc, est Son essence, Son plus profond. La sagesse - la...

armées
Armies of the heavens and the sands of the sea ('Jeremiah 33:15-22') signify the knowledges of truth and good in the spiritual and natural ma{ign21}

d'israël
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

Plein
'To satiate' relates to the extent of a person's will, for good or evil.

iniquité
In the Word three terms are used to mean bad things that are done. These three are transgression, iniquity, and sin, and they are here...

temps
Time is an aspect of the physical world, but according to Swedenborg is not an aspect of the spiritual world. The same is true of...

d'or
Gold means good, and just as gold was the most precious metal known to ancient mankind so it represents the good of the highest and...

or
Gold means good, and just as gold was the most precious metal known to ancient mankind so it represents the good of the highest and...

main
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

Terre
'Lands' of different nations are used in the Word to signify the different kinds of love prevalent in the inhabitants.

Nations
'Nations' signify people who are in the good of love and charity from the Lord. Two nations in the womb,' as in Genesis 25:23, signify...

vin
Wine played a key role in the ancient world, where safe, reliable water sources were scarce. It could be stored for long periods of time;...

est tombée
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "fall" is highly dependent on context in regular language, and is highly dependent on context in a spiritual...

baume
Balm signifies the truth of exterior natural good, and its pleasantness.

douleur
Grief is anxiety of heart or will.

nous
Angels do give us guidance, but they are mere helpers; the Lord alone governs us, through angels and spirits. Since angels have their assisting role,...

Cieux
Les cieux sont des choses célestes et spirituelles. Par conséquent, ce sont des choses intimes, à la fois du royaume du Seigneur dans le ciel...

Justice
'Justice' signifies both good and truth.

flèches
In the Word, arrows stand for truths which defend person from falsity. In Arcana Coelestia 2709, it says this when discussing Genesis 21:20: "And he...

rois
The human mind is composed of two parts, a will and an understanding, a seat of loves and affections, and a seat of wisdom and...

temple
'A temple' represents heaven and the church. The sacred place where the ark was, represents the inmost, or third heaven, and the church among people...

Les habitants
Inhabitants,' in Isaiah 26:9, signify the men of the church who are in good of doctrine, and thence in the good of life.

eaux
'Waters' signify truths in the natural self, and in the opposite sense, falsities. 'Waters' signify particularly the spiritual parts of a person, or the intellectual...

trésors
'Treasuries' denote knowledges of good and truth, and, in the opposite sense, evil and falsity.

Gain
Gain denotes every false principle derived from evil, which perverts the judgment of the mind.

juré
The Lord swearing by himself signifies that divine truth testifies, for He is divine truth itself, and this testifies from itself and means itself. It...

remplis
'To satiate' relates to the extent of a person's will, for good or evil.

monde
The term "world" has both general and more specific meanings in the Bible, including the relatively literal sense of the natural, physical world. In more...

voix
'Voice' signifies what is announced from the Word. 'Voice' often refers and is applied to things that cannot have a voice, as in Exodus 4,...

bruit
'A tumult,' as in Isaiah 8:4, signifies eager desire to combat against truths.

éclairs
'Lightning' is the radiance and brilliance of God's truth.

Pluie
'Rain,' in a positive sense, denotes blessing, but in the opposite sense, damnation Rain,' as in Genesis 2:5-6, Exodus 34:25-27, and Hosea 6:3, signifies the...

vanité
'Vanity' signifies evil and the falsity of evil. 'Vanities of strangers' signifies falsities of religion.

visitation
The end time of the church and each individual, is called 'the visitation,' and precedes judgment. 'Visitation' is nothing but an exploration of the quality...

jacob
Jacob is told twice that his name will now be Israel. The first time is when he wrestles with an angel on his journey to...

formé
Forming from the womb, as in Isaiah 44:2, 24; 49:1, 5, signifies the reformer. For references to the Lord as Reformer and Regenerator, see Doctrine...

héritage
In Biblical times, possessions passed from fathers to sons, a patriarchal system that would not be accepted in today's society – but one that is...

nom
It's easy to see that names are important in the Bible. Jehovah changed Abram and Sarai to Abraham and Sarah, changed Jacob to Israel and...

Instruments
Instruments of music,' according to correspondences, signify the pleasant and delightful affection of spiritual and celestial things. Therefore, also in many of the Psalms of...

guerre
War in the Word represents the combat of temptation when what is good is assaulted by what is evil or false. The evil that attacks...

cheval
'A horse' signifies knowledges or understanding of the Word. In an opposite sense it signifies the understanding of the Word falsified by reasonings, and likewise...

monté
'To ride' signifies being elevated regarding the intellectual part of the mind. To ride upon a cherub,' as in Psalm 18:9, 10, denotes the Lord’s...

l'homme
The relationship between men and women is deep and nuanced, and one entire book of the Writings – Conjugial Love or Love in Marriage –...

homme
The relationship between men and women is deep and nuanced, and one entire book of the Writings – Conjugial Love or Love in Marriage –...

la femme
The Hebrew of the Old Testament has six different common words which are generally translated as "wife," which largely overlap but have different nuances. Swedenborg...

femme
'Women,' as in Genesis 45:19, signify the affections of truth. But in Genesis 31:50, 'women' signify affections of not genuine truth, so not of the...

Jeune
"Youths" or "Young men" generally represent intelligence or the understanding of truth. This is fitting, since adolescent boys tend to be more advanced intellectually than...

garçon
"Youths" or "Young men" generally represent intelligence or the understanding of truth. This is fitting, since adolescent boys tend to be more advanced intellectually than...

vierge
'Virgins,' as in Revelation 14:4, signify people who love truths because they are truths, so from a spiritual affection. 'Virgin' signifies the church as a...

les gouverneurs
'Officers' signify principles of what is false and evil.

caldée
Chaldea was a land lying along the Euphrates river near its mouth, south of Babylon, part of what is now southern Iraq. It was a...

voyant
The symbolic meaning of "seeing" is "understanding," which is obvious enough that it has become part of common language (think about it; you might see...

montagne
'Hills' signify the good of charity.

pierre
Stones in the Bible in general represent truths, or things we know concerning the Lord and what He wants from us and for us in...

trompette
'Trumpets,' and all other wind instruments, relate to celestial affections.

royaumes
'Lands' of different nations are used in the Word to signify the different kinds of love prevalent in the inhabitants.

chevaux
'A horse' signifies knowledges or understanding of the Word. In an opposite sense it signifies the understanding of the Word falsified by reasonings, and likewise...

habite
'To tarry,' as in Genesis 27:44, signifies almost the same thing as 'to dwell,' except that 'to tarry' relates to the life of truth with...

femmes
'Women,' as in Genesis 45:19, signify the affections of truth. But in Genesis 31:50, 'women' signify affections of not genuine truth, so not of the...

barres
Bars, as in Lamentations 2:9, signify doctrinals

rencontre
In natural language, to "meet" someone can be positive or negative: it can be a welcoming and greeting, or it can be "meeting" them in...

roi
The human mind is composed of two parts, a will and an understanding, a seat of loves and affections, and a seat of wisdom and...

ville
Cities of the mountain and cities of the plain (Jer. 33:13) signify doctrines of charity and faith.

feu
Just as natural fire can be both comforting in keeping you warm or scary in burning down your house, so fire in the spiritual sense...

fille
"Behold I have two daughters,” etc. (Gen. 19:8), signifies the affections of good and truth, and the blessedness perceivable from the enjoyment thereof, by those...

moisson
'A harvest' symbolizes the state of the church with respect to Divine truth. The reason is that a harvest yields the grain used to make...

rempli
'To satiate' relates to the extent of a person's will, for good or evil.

sang
Bloods signify evil, in Ezek. 16:9.

jérusalem
Jerusalem first comes to or attention in II Samuel, chapter 5 where King David takes it from the Jebusites and makes it his capital. In...

vengeance
'To be avenged seventy and seven fold' denotes damnation.

mer
Water generally represents what Swedenborg calls “natural truth,” or true concepts about day-to-day matters and physical things. Since all water ultimately flows into the seas,...

lions
'A lion' signifies the good of celestial love and the truth from that good.

sommeil
In a general sense, sleeping in the Bible represents a state of obscurity about spiritual matters, a state in which you are not recognizing things...

perpétuel
'Perpetual' in the literal sense, means to the end of one’s life, after death, and eternity.

descendre
"Down" is used many different ways in natural language, and its spiritual meaning in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Phrases like "bowing down,"...

villes
Cities of the mountain and cities of the plain (Jer. 33:13) signify doctrines of charity and faith.

fils
'A son,' as in Genesis 5:28, signifies the rise of a new church. 'Son,' as in Genesis 24:3, signifies the Lord’s rationality regarding good. 'A...

d'homme
'A husbandman,' as mentioned in Amos 5:16, signifies the man of the church, because 'field' signifies the church regarding the implantation of truth. 'A husbandman,'...

Bel
Bel (Isa. 46:1) signifies the profanation of truth.

bouche
In most cases, "mouth" in the Bible represents thought and logic, especially the kind of active, concrete thought that is connected with speech. The reason...

milieu
'Middle' denotes what is primary, principal, or inmost.

colère
'Wrath,' as in Genesis 49:7, signifies aversion from truth. 'Great wrath,' as in Revelation 12:12, signifies hatred against the new church.

peur
The fearful signify people who have no faith.

après
'A hind,' as mentioned in Genesis 49:21, signifies the affection of natural truth.

images
'Images' denote things fashioned from man’s own intelligence.

honteux
To be ashamed (Gen 2:25) signifies to be in evil

tomber
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "fall" is highly dependent on context in regular language, and is highly dependent on context in a spiritual...

épée
A 'sword,' in the Word, signifies the truth of faith combating and the vastation of truth. In an opposite sense, it signifies falsity combating and...

souvenez
'To remember,' as in Genesis 41:9, signifies conjunction. 'Remembering' denotes conjunction because the remembrance of anyone in the other life joins them together, because as...

mais
A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

reproches
To revile something – or "reproach," as it is often translated – represents making a direct and deliberate attack on what is spiritually true, in...

couvert
The "high mountains being covered " (Gen. 7:19) signifies that all the good things of charity were extin­guished.

étrangers
In Ezekiel 28:7, 'strangers' signify falsities which destroy truths, and 'the terrible of the nations,' evils which destroy good.

maison
A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

venu
As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “come” in the Bible is highly dependent on context – its meaning is determined largely by...

pris
"Catching" is used in a variety of ways in the Bible, both positive and negative. Thieves get caught; the Egyptians caught up with the Children...

rendre
'To repay' denotes making amends by truth.

portes
"Gates" in ancient times had a significance that does not hold in the modern world. Cities then were enclosed by walls for protection; gates in...

ordre
To command is to give an order that something must be done, and is directed to an individual, or a group. It is an imperative,...

Jérémie
Jeremiah, in the Book of Jeremiah 1:1 and what follows, represents the Lord. (Arcana Coelestia 2838 [2]). In Jeremiah 13:7, he signifies the state of...

prophète
The idea of a "prophet" is very closely tied to the idea of the Bible itself, since the Bible was largely written by prophets. At...

Quatrième
The number "four" in the Bible represents things being linked together or joined. This is partly because four is two times two, and two represents...

Règne
To reign,' as in Revelation 5, signifies being in truths and goods, and so in power, from the Lord, to resist evils and falsities which...

un
A company might have executives setting policy and strategy, engineers designing products, line workers building them, managers handling personnel and others handling various functions. They...

livre
(Rev. 10:9.) "And I went unto the angel, saying, give me the little book," signifies the faculty of perceiving the quality of the Word from...

venir
Coming (Gen. 41:14) denotes communication by influx.

vue
The symbolic meaning of "seeing" is "understanding," which is obvious enough that it has become part of common language (think about it; you might see...

parlé
Like "say," the word "speak" refers to thoughts and feelings moving from our more internal spiritual levels to our more external ones – and ultimately...

la bête
"Beasts" represent the affection for doing good things, a true desire to do them from the heart. In the negative sense, "beasts" stand for the...

l'euphrate
The river Euphrates signifies, in Psalms 80:9, 10, signifies the sensual and scientific principle.

Euphrate
The river Euphrates signifies, in Psalms 80:9, 10, signifies the sensual and scientific principle.

Ze Swedenborgových děl

 

Arcanes Célestes # 1327

Arcanes Célestes (Le Boys des Guays traduction)      

Prostudujte si tuto pasáž

Přejděte do sekce / 10837  

← Předchozí   Další →

1327. Jéhovah confondit la lèvre de toute la terre, signifie l'état de cette Eglise Ancienne, dans laquelle le culte interne commençait à se détruire : c'est ce qui est évident, en ce qu'il est dit : la lèvre de toute la terre, et non ; comme au verset 1, la lèvre de ceux qui avaient commencé de bâtir la ville et la tour ; la face de toute la terre signifie l'état de l'Eglise, car la terre c'est l'Eglise, comme je l'ai déjà expliqué, numéros 662, 1066. Voici ce qui arriva à l'égard des Eglises après le déluge. Il y eut trois Eglises dont il est spécialement fait mention dans la Parole, savoir : la Première Eglise Ancienne, qui fut nommée Noach ; la Seconde Eglise Ancienne, qui tira son nom d'Eber ; et la Troisième Eglise Ancienne, qui prit son nom de Jacob, et ensuite de Judah et d'Israël. Quant à ce qui concerne la Première Eglise, savoir, celle qui fut nommée Noach, elle fut comme la mère de celles qui suivirent ; et selon ce qui a coutume d'arriver aux Eglises dans leurs commencements, elle eut plus de pureté et d'innocence, comme on le voit aussi par le premier Verset de ce Chapitre, où il est dit qu'il y avait en elle une seule lèvre, c'est-à-dire une même doctrine, en ce sens que la charité était pour tous l'essentiel ; mais par succession de temps, ainsi qu'il arrive ordinairement aux Eglises, elle commença aussi à tomber, et surtout en ce que plusieurs de ceux qui la composaient commencèrent à tourner le culte sur eux-mêmes pour s'élever ainsi au-dessus des autres, comme on le voit ci-dessus, Vers. 4 ; car ils dirent :

« Bâtissons-nous une ville et une tour, et que son sommet » soit dans le ciel, et faisons-nous un nom. de tels hommes ne purent être dans l'Eglise que comme une sorte de ferment ou comme des torches incendiaires. Lorsque par là le danger de la profanation de la sainteté, dont j'ai parlé numéros 571, 582, fut imminent, l'état de cette Eglise fut changé par la Providence du Seigneur, c'est-à-dire que son culte interne périt et que le culte externe resta, ce qui est signifié ici par ces mots : Jéhovah confondit la lèvre de toute la terre. De là il est évident aussi qu'un tel culte, qui est appelé Babel, n'eut point de force dans la Première Eglise Ancienne, mais qu'il prévalut dans les Eglises suivantes, lorsqu'on commença à adorer les hommes comme des Dieux, surtout après leur mort ; de là tant de Dieux chez les nations. Pourquoi fut-il permis que le culte interne périt et que l'externe restât ? Ce fut pour qu'il n'y eut pas profanation de la sainteté. La profanation de la sainteté entraîne avec soi à damnation éternelle. Nul ne peut profaner la sainteté, à moins qu'il n'ait les connaissances de la foi et qu'il ne les reconnaisse ; or celui qui ne les a point ne peut les reconnaître, ni à plus forte raison les profaner. Ce sont les internes qui peuvent être profanés ; car la sainteté est dans les internes et non dans les externes il en est de cela comme d'un homme qui fait le mal sans penser au mal ; le mal qu'il fait ne peut lui être imputé, de même qu'on ne peut l'imputer non plus à celui qui le fait sans propos délibéré, ou à celui qui manque de rationalité : ainsi celui qui ne croit pas qu'il existe une vie après la mort, mais qui a néanmoins un culte externe, ne peut profaner les choses qui appartiennent à la vie éternelle, parce qu'il ne croit pas qu'elles existent. Il en est autrement pour ceux qui connaissent et qui reconnaissent. Voilà aussi pourquoi il est permis à l'homme de vivre plutôt dans les voluptés et dans les cupidités, et de s'éloigner par elles des internes, que d'arriver à la connaissance et à la reconnaissance des internes et de les profaner. C'est pour cela qu'il est permis aux Juifs de se plonger aujourd'hui dans l'avarice, pour qu'ils s'éloignent ainsi le plus possible de la reconnaissance des internes ; car ils sont tels que s'ils les reconnaissaient, il ne pourraient s'empêcher de profaner : rien n'éloigne plus des internes que l'avarice, parce que c'est la plus basse cupidité terrestre. Il en est de même d'un grand nombre de personnes qui sont dans l'Eglise, et il en est aussi de même des nations qui sont hors de l'Eglise ; celles-ci, savoir, les nations, peuvent moins que tous autres profaner. C'est donc par cette raison qu'il est dit ici que Jéhovah confondit la lèvre de toute la terre ; et que ces mots signifient qu'il y eut dans cette Eglise un changement d'état, c'est-à-dire que son culte devint externe sans renfermer en lui aucun culte interne. La même chose fut représentée et signifiée par la captivité de Babylone où furent emmenés les Israélites et ensuite les Juifs ; il en est ainsi parlé dans Jérémie :

« Et il arrivera que la nation et le royaume qui ne serviraient pas le roi de Babel, et quiconque ne met pas son cou sous le joug du roi de Babel, je visiterai cette nation par l'épée, et par la famine, et par la peste, jusqu'à ce que je les consumé par sa main. » - Jérémie 27:8, , , , , ; , , Jérémie 29:16-17.

Rester dans la ville et n'en point sortir pour aller vers le roi de Babel, représentait et signifiait ceux qui étaient dans les connaissances des internes ou des vérités de la foi et qui les profanaient ; il est dit que l'épée, la famine et la peste, qui sont les peines de la profanation, seraient envoyées centre eux, et qu'ils deviendraient comme des figues sauvages. Que par Babel soient signifiés ceux qui privent les autres de toute connaissance et de toute reconnaissance du vrai, c'est aussi ce qui a été représenté et signifié dans le même Prophète par ces paroles :

« Je livrerai tout Juda dans la main du roi de Babel ; et il les transportera dans Babel, et il les frappera de l'épée ; et je livrerai toutes les richesses de cette ville, et tout son travail, et tout ce qu'elle a de précieux, et tous les trésors des rois de Juda ; je (les) livrerai dans la main de leurs ennemis, et ils les pilleront, et ils s'en empareront. » - Jérémie 20:4-5.

Là, toutes les richesses, tout le travail, tout ce qu'il y a de précieux, tous les trésors des rois de Juda, signifient, dans le sens interne, les connaissances de la foi.

Dans le Même :

« J'amènerai avec les familles du septentrion le roi de Babel sur cette terre, et » sur ses habitants et sur toutes ces nations des environs, et je les dévouerai à l'extermination, et je les mettrai en désolation, et en sifflement et en dévastations du siècle ; et toute cette terre sera en dévastation. » - Jérémie 25:9, 11.

Ici est décrite la dévastation par Babel des intérieurs de la foi ou du culte interne ; car celui qui est dans le culte de soi-même n'a aucun vrai de la foi, et il détruit, dévaste et conduit en captivité tout ce qui est vrai ; aussi Babel est-elle appelée montagne de corruption, - Jérémie 51:25.

Voir en outre ce qui a déjà été dit de Babel, numéro 1182.

(Odkazy: Genèse 11:7)


Přejděte do sekce / 10837  

← Předchozí   Další →

   Prostudujte si tuto pasáž
Ze Swedenborgových prací

Odkazy z vydaných prací:

Arcanes Célestes 1363, 2049, 2051, 2115, 2383, 2426, 2520, 2799, 2868, 2897, 2913, 2986, 3031, 3079, 3380, 3398, 3542, 3708, 3727, 3757, 3898, 3901, 4031, 4289, 4447, 4601, 4744, 4874, 5044, 5128, 6348, 6959, 8882, 8902, 8904, 9298, 10227, 10287

The Last Judgment 54

La Nouvelle Jérusalem et sa Doctrine Céleste 172, 246, 247


Odkazy z nepublikovaných prací E. Swedenborga:

Apocalypse Explained 104, 1029

Další novokřesťanský komentář

Bible

 

Ésaïe 8:7

French: Martin (1744)         

Studovat vnitřní smysl

← Předchozí    Celá kapitola    Další →

7 Pour cette cause, voici, le Seigneur s'en va faire venir sur eux les eaux du fleuve, fortes, et grosses, [savoir] le Roi d'Assur, et toute sa gloire, et ce [fleuve] montera par-dessus tous ses courants d'eau, et ira par-dessus tous ses bords.

   Studovat vnitřní smysl

Explanation of Isaiah 8      

Napsal(a) Rev. John H. Smithson

THE EXPLANATION of Isaiah Chapter 8

(Note: Rev. Smithson's translation of the Isaiah text is appended below the explanation.)

1. AND Jehovah said unto me, Take unto you a large roll, and write on it with a man's pen, MAHER-SHALAL-HASH-BAZ; [that is, Hasten to the spoil, take quickly the prey.]

VERSE 1. Maher-shalal-hash-baz. - That by "names", in Scripture, are signified things, and that they involve an infinity of meaning, see above, Chapter 4:1, the Exposition.

2. And I called unto me for a testimony faithful witnesses, Uriah, the priest, and Zechariah the son of Jeberechiah.

Verse 2. Uriah, the priest. - That "priests", and the priestly office, signify the Lord as to Good, and His work of salvation; and that "kings" represented the Lord as to Truth, and His divine royalty, see above, Chapter 1:1, the Exposition.

3. And I approached unto the prophetess: and she conceived, and bare a son. And Jehovah said unto me, Call his name Maher-shalal-hash-baz: -

4. For before the child shall know to pronounce: My father; and my mother, the riches of Damascus shall be borne away, and the spoil of Samaria, before the king of Assyria.

5. And Jehovah spake also unto me again, saying,

Verse 3. And she conceived, and bare a son. - "Conceptions" and "births", when mentioned in the Word, signify regeneration, or the new birth, without which no man can enter into the kiugdom of God." (John 3:3, 5)

An idea of the necessity of regeneration, and of the process by which it is effected, is involved in the following general propositions:

I. That unless a man be born again, and as it were created anew, he cannot enter into the kingdom of God, True Christian Religion 573-576.

II. That new generation or creation is effected of the Lord alone by charity and faith, as two mediums, while man cooperates, 576-579.

III. That inasmuch as all are redeemed, all may be regenerated, everyone according to his state, 579-583.

IV. That the work of regeneration resembles that of man's conception, of his being carried in the womb, being born, and educated, 583-587.

V. That the first act of new generation is called reformation, which act is of the understanding; and that the second act is called regeneration, which act is of the will, and thence of the understanding, 587-591.

VI. That the internal man is first to be reformed, and by this the external, and that man is thus regenerated, 591-596.

VII. That whilst this is effecting, combat arises between the internal and external man, and in this case he who conquers rules over the other, 596-601.

VIII. That the regenerate man has a new will and a new understanding, 601-607.

IX. That the regenerate man is in communion with the angels of heaven, and the unregenerate man is in communion with the spirits of hell. 607-611.

X. That so far as man is regenerated, so far sins are removed, and that this removal is what is meant, by the remission of sins, 611-615.

XI. That there can be no regeneration without free-will in spiritual things, 615-618.

XII. That there can be no regeneration without truths, by which faith is formed, and with which charity conjoins itself. 518-621. See also The New Jerusalem and its Heavenly Doctrine 173-187.

[To "bear a son" signifies, when predicated of the prophet's wife, to bring forth the genuine doctrine of the church. Thus the "male child" born of the woman, in the Apocalypse (Chapter 12), signifies the doctrine of the New Jerusalem which was given from the Lord out of heaven, by means of His Word. Apocalypse Explained 711. See this demonstrated in n. 710 of the same work.]

6. Because this people refuse the waters of Shiloah which flow softly, and rejoice in Retzin and the son of Remaliah;

Verse 6. By the "waters" of the lake or fish-pool of Siloam, or Shiloah, are signified the truths of the Word, for all things were significative, even to the waters in Jerusalem.

By "washing" in these waters, (John 9:11) is signified to purify the mind from fallacies which in themselves are falsities. Hence it may be manifest what is meant by the Lord commanding the blind man whom He healed to "go and wash in the pool of Siloam." For all the miracles and actions of the Lord, when He was in the world, signified divine, celestial, and spiritual things, that is, such things as are of heaven and the church, and this by reason that they are divine, and the Divine or the Lord always operates in ultimates by first principles, and thus in fulness. Ultimates are such things in the world as appear before the eyes; hence it is that the Lord spake; and that the Word is written by such things in nature as correspond Apocalypse Explained 475.

[Thus to "refuse or reject the waters of Shiloah" is to reject the truths of the Word; hence It was that the calamities described in the following verses came upon the people of Judah.]

"Waters flowing softly" signify things spiritual; and the "waters strong and many, which came up even to the neck", denote falsities destroying the church. Arcana Coelestia 790.

7. Therefore, behold, the Lord [Adonai] bringeth up upon them the waters of the river, the strong and the many; even the king of Assyria and all his glory: and it shall rise over all its channels, and it shall go over all its banks:

8. And shall pass through Judah, and shall overflow and go over, even to the neck shall it reach: and the spreadings of his wings shall be over the full breadth of Your land, O Immanuel !

Verse 7. By "Ashur, and the king thereof", in the Word is signified the rational principle, in the .present case, perverted; hence by his river, which was Euphrates, is understood ratiocination, and by the "waters of the river" are understood falsities confirmed by ratiocinations. These, therefore, are signified by the "waters of the river, strong and many", which are called "strong" from cupidity, and "many" from falsity; the abundance of falsities from evil destroying the truths of good in the church is signified by the "waters of the river coming up over all his channels and over all his banks", also by "going through Judah and overflowing"; by "Judah" is signified the church where the Word is. Apocalypse Explained 518. See also 569.

Verse 8. And shall pass through Judah, and shall overflow, etc. -Here also the "king of Ashur" signifies ratiocination from falsities against truths; "he shall go through Judah, he shall overflow and go over", signifies that he will destroy the good of the church; to "overflow" is predicated of falsities, because they are signified by "waters"; "even to the neck" signifies that so there shall no more be any communication of good and truth; and "the spreadings out or movements of his wings shall be over the full breadth of Your land, O Immanuel", signifies that falsities shall be against all the truths of the church of the Lord. That the "breadth of the land" signifies the truths of the church, may be seen in the work concerning Heaven and Hell 197; and hence in an opposite sense it signifies falsities, wherefore "the spreadings or movements of his wings" signifies ratiocinations from falsities against truths. "Fulness" signifies all; thus the "fulness of the breadth of the land" signifies all the truths of the church. Apocalypse Explained 304.

"Wings" denote reasonings, whence come falsities; the "fulness of breadth" denotes that it was full of falsities or things contrary to truth. Arcana Coelestia 1613.

9. Associate yourselves, O you peoples, and you shall be broken to pieces; and, give ear, all you of distant lands: gird yourselves, and you shall be broken to pieces; gird yourselves, and we shall be broken to pieces.

10. Take counsel together, and it shall come to nought; speak the word, and it shall not stand: for God is with us [Immanuel].

Verses 9, 10. That those represented by "Assyria" would unite and take counsel together how they might extinguish the doctrine of a true faith, but still their counsel would be vain, and they themselves would be in the greatest terror, as formerly, so at the present time, for their acts [and counsels] will be vain, because God is with us, that is, Immanuel [or the Lord in His Humanity]. Concerning Whom, see above, Chapter 7:14, the Exposition. (Swedenborg's Notes on Isaiah, p. 17.)

11. For thus said Jehovah unto me, with a strong hand, and instructed me, not to walk in the way of this people, saying,

12. Say you not, A confederacy, to all them to whom this people shall say, A confederacy: and fear you not [the object of] their fear; neither shall you dread.

Verses 11, 12. These words signify that the doctrine of Truth is confirmed, because it is the Truth, first, that they (the Lord's people whom the prophet addresses) "should not walk in the way of this people", nor say, "A confederacy" [with Assyria], nor should they consociate themselves with any others than with the Lord Himself, and thus should not conspire with others, as with idolators, against Him, as "this people" have done; who conspired, as Ahaz and others did, because they feared them [the AssyriansJ, believing that their idols, or the gods of the nations, could do all things; but that the God of Israel alone, (verse 13) that is, the Lord, who is Jehovah, "should be their fear", or the Object of their fear. (Swedenborg's Notes on Isaiah, p. 17)

13. Jehovah of Hosts Himself shall you sanctify; and He shall be [the Object of] your fear, and He your dread.

Verse 13. Jehovah of Hosts Himself shall you sanctify, and He shall be [the Object of] your fear, and He your dread. - Where "fear" is mentioned for the spiritual man, and "dread" for the natural man. That the spiritual man may not be in such fear as is that of the natural man, it is sometimes said, "fear not", as in Isaiah, "Fear not, O Jacob and Israel, for I have redeemed you, calling you by name; you art Mine." (Isaiah 43:1)

And in Luke, "Fear not, little flock; for it has pleased your Father to give you the kingdom." (Luke 12:32) Apocalypse Explained 696.

14. And He shall be [unto you] for a Sanctuary; but for a stone of stumbling and for a rock of offence to the two houses of Israel; for a snare and for a trap to the inhabitants of Jerusalem.

Verse 14. He shall be a stone of stumblinq and a rock of offence, etc. Where the subject treated of is concerning the Lord. A "stone of stumbling and rock of offence" denotes being offended; a "trap and a snare" mean destruction, that is, of those who oppose and attempt to destroy the truths and goods of faith in the Lord, by falsities which favour the loves of self and of the world: for all the proud are not only scandalized or offended, but are also ensnared by this, that the Divine [Being] has appeared in a human form, and on this occasion not in royal majesty, but in a despised appearance. From these considerations it is now evident, that by the expression, "shall be for a snare", is signified the enticement and deception of evils, and the destruction thence derived. Arcana Coelestia 9348.

The Lord's divine or essential Human is what excites enmity; that this would be an "offence" and a "scandal", is declared throughout the Word. Arcana Coelestia 3488. [Hence the Lord says "Blessed is he who is not offended in Me." Luke 7:23.]

A snare and a trap. "Snares "derive their signification from the enticement and deceit of evils; which enticement and deceit proceed from this ground, that all evils originate in self-love and the love of the world, and these loves are connate with man, the consequence of which is, that man derives from them the delight of his life at its earliest birth, yea, derives from them his life; wherefore those loves, like the latent currents of a river, continually draw the thoughts and will of man from the Lord to himself, and from heaven to the world, thus from the truths and goods of faith to falsities and evils. Reasonings grounded in the fallacies of the senses, in this case, have a powerful, influence; and this also is the reason why the literal sense of the Word is perversely explained and applied. Those are the things which, ill the spiritual sense of the Word, are meant by snares, pitfalls, nets, and gins; also, by frauds and deceits. Arcana Coelestia 9348.

15. And many among them shall stumble, and shall fall, and be broken; and shall be ensnared, and taken.

Verse 15. To "stumble'' denotes to be scandalized or offended, and hence from truths to slide into falsities; to "fall and to be broken" denotes to be dissipated. Arcana Coelestia 9163.

16. Bind up the Testimony, seal the Law, for My disciples.

Verse 16. The precepts of the Decalogue were called a "Testimony", because they had relation to a covenant, thus to conjunction between the Lord and man, "which conjunction cannot exist unless man keeps those precepts, not only in the external form, but also in the internal; wherefore it is good confirmed by truth, and truth derived from good, which is signified by "testimony." This being the case, the tables were also called "tables of the covenant", and the ark, the "ark of the covenant." Hence, then, it is evident "what is signified in the Word by "testimony" in a genuine sense, as in Isaiah 8:16. Arcana Coelestia 4197.

Seal the Law, etc. - In the Word there is frequent mention made of the "Law", and it may be expedient to show what is meant by it in its confined sense, what in a more extensive sense, and what in a sense most extensive. In a confined sense, the Decalogue is meant by the "Law"; in a more extensive sense, it is used to mean the statutes given by Moses to the children of Israel; and in a sense most extensive, it means the whole Word. That by the "Law", in a confined sense, the Decalogue is meant, is well known; but that in a more extensive sense, the statutes 'given by Moses to the children of Israel are meant by the "Law"; is evident from the particular statutes in Leviticus being so called; as, for instance "This is the law of the sacrifice of peace-offerings." (Leviticus 7:11) "This is the law of the trespass-offering." (Leviticus 7:1)

Yea, the whole book of Moses is called the "Law"; (Deuteronomy 31:9, 11, 12, 26) as also in the New Testament. (Luke 2:22; 24:44; John 1:45; 7:23; 8:5; and in other places.)

That these statutes were meant by "the works of the Law", mentioned by Paul, where he says; that "man is justified without the works of the law, (Romans 3:28) is very evident from what follows those words, and also from his words to Peter, whom he blames for Judaizing, "where he says three times in one verse, that "no man is justified by the works of the law"; (Galatians 2:16)

That by the "Law", in its most extensive sense, is meant the whole Word, is plain from these passages:

Jesus said, (John 10:34) "Is it not written in your law, You are gods? This is written in Psalm 82:6.

"The people answered Him, We have heard out of the law; that Christ abideth for ever." (John 12:34)

This is written, Psalm 89:29; 110:4; Daniel 7:14.

"That the "Word might be fulfilled which is written in their law, They hated Me without a Muse." (John 15:25)

This is written, Psalm 35:19.

In these passages the whole Sacred Scripture is meant by the "Law", as may be seen in many places in the Psalms of David. True Christian Religion 288.

17. And I will wait for Jehovah, who hideth His faces from the house of Jacob; and I will look for Him,

Verse 17. The "faces of Jehovah", or the Lord, signify the Divine Love, and all the Good in heaven and the church thence derived; "hiding the faces", where it is predicated of Jehovah or the Lord, signifies to leave man in his proprium or selfhood, and thence in the evils and falsities which flow from his proprium; for man viewed in himself is nothing but evil, and the false thence derived, and is withheld from those principles by the Lord that he may be in good, which is effected by an elevation from his proprium. It is said that Jehovah, that is, the Lord, "hideth His faces" on account of iniquity and sin, and that He is entreated "not to hide His faces", when, nevertheless, He never hides or withdraws His Divine Good and Divine Truth, which are signified by His "faces", for He is Love itself, and Mercy itself, and desires the salvation of all, wherefore He is present with all and with everyone, even with those who are in iniquities and sins, and by his presence upholds them in the liberty of receiving Him, that is, of receiving Truth and Good from Him, whence they also do receive, if from liberty they desire it. Apocalypse Explained 412.

18. Behold, I, and the children whom Jehovah has given me, are for signs and for wonders in Israel from Jehovah of Hosts, who dwells in Mount Zion.

Verse 18. For signs and for wonders in Israel. - By a "sign" is understood that which declares, testifies, and persuades concerning a thing inquired after; but by a "miracle", or wonder, is understood that which excites, strikes, and induces astonishment. Thus a "sign" moves the understanding and faith, and a "miracle" the will and its affection; for the will and its affection is what is excited, is stricken, and amazed, and the understanding and its faith is what is persuaded, what a declaration is made to, and what admits of testification. Apocalypse Explained 706.

Jehovah of Hosts, who dwelleth in Mount Zion. - "Jehovah of Hosts", see Chapter 1:9, . Exposition. "Mount Zion", see Chapter 2:2, the Exposition.

19. And when they shall say unto you, Seek unto them that have familiar spirits and unto wizards, to them that chirp and that mutter: [then say you] Should not a people seek unto their God? should they seek, instead

Verses 19, 20. And when they shall say unto you, Seek unto them: that have familiar spirits and unto wizards, etc. - It is believed by many that man may be taught of the Lord by spirits speaking with him; but they who believe this, and are willing to believe it, do not know that it is connected with danger to their souls. Man, so long as he lives in the world, is, as to his spirit, in the midst of spirits, and yet spirits do not know that they are with. man, nor does man know that he is with spirits. The reason is, because they are conjoined as to affections of the will immediately, and as to thoughts of the understanding mediately; for man thinks naturally, but spirits think spiritually; and natural and spiritual thought do not otherwise make one than by correspondences; a union by correspondences causes that one does not know anything concerning the other. But as soon as spirits begin to speak with man, they come out of their spiritual state into the natural state of man, and in this case they know that they are with man, and conjoin themselves with the thoughts of his affection, and from those thoughts speak with him. They cannot enter into anything else, for similar affection and consequent thoughts conjoin all, and dissimilar separate. It is owing to this circumstance that the speaking spirit is in the same principles with the man to whom he speaks, whether they be true or false, and likewise that he excites them, and by his affection conjoined to the man's affection strongly confirms them. Hence it is evident that, none other than similar spirits speak with man, or manifestly operate upon him, for manifest operation coincides with speech; hence it is that no other than enthusiastic spirits speak with enthusiasts; also, that no other than Quaker spirits operate upon Quakers, and Moravian spirits upon Moravians; the case would be the same with Arians, and with Socinians. All spirits speaking with man, are no other than such as have been men in the world, and were then of such a quality: that this is the case, as been given me to know by repeated experience. And what is ridiculous, when man believes that the Holy Spirit speaks with him, or operates upon him, the spirit also believes that he is the Holy Spirit;. this is common with enthusiastic spirits. From these considerations it is evident to what danger man is exposed, who speaks with spirits, or who manifestly feels their operation. Man is ignorant of the quality of his own affection, whether it be good or evil, and with what other beings it is conjoined, and if he is in the conceit of his own intelligence, his attendant spirits favour every thought which is thence derived. In like manner if any one is disposed to favour particular principles, enkindled by a certain fire, which has place with those who are not in truths from genuine affection; when a spirit from similar affection favours man's thoughts or principles, then one leads the other, as the blind lead the blind, until both fall into the pit. The Pythonics, or those had "familiar spirits", formerly were those of this description, and lIkewise the magicians in Egypt and in Babel, who by reason of discourse with spirits, and of the operation of spirits felt manifestly in themselves, were called wise. But by this the worship of God was converted into the worship of demons, and the church perished: wherefore such communications were forbidden the sons of Israel under penalty of death. (See Deuteronomy 18:9-14; Isaiah 8:19, 20)

It is otherwise with those whom the Lord leads, and He leads those who love truths, and will them from HImself; all such are enlightened when they read the Word, for the Lord is in the Word, and speaks with every one according to his comprehension. If these hear speech from spirits, which also they do occasionally, they are not taught, but are led, and this so providently, that the man is still left to himself, since, as was before said, every man is led of the Lord by affections, and thinks from them as from himself In freedom; if this was not the case, man would not be capable of reformation, neither could he be enlightened. But men are enlightened variously, every one according to the quality of his affection and consequent IntellIgence. They who are in the spiritual affection of truth, are elevated into the light of heaven, so as to perceIve the Illustration. Apocalypse Explained 1182, 1183.

Verses 19-22. Should not a people seek unto their God? etc. If they seek not the Lord, "no dawning light will be to any of them", that is, they will not have any light of Truth, which shines forth as the morning light, thus they will not have heaven, for the aurora or morning light is the time in which the kingdom of God Messiah [the Lord) will come. They who do not seek the Lord, and the things which belong to Him, will be destitute of all things spiritual and celestial, because they will have no faith. This destitution and dearth is descrIbed by being "famished" and "thirsty" which will come upon them at the time of death, and in the last time [of the church], The consequence is, that they will be "angry", like those who are deprived of heaven, and they, from their false principle, will "curse their king", that is, the Lord Himself, and at the same time they will "curse their gods", whoever they are. Thus they will "look up towards heaven"; and as they will receive no help from thence, they will "look to the earth", or to inferior things, that they may be consoled thereby, and that they may thereby be taught; but they will only find "distress and darkness." For unless inferior things be regarded from superior things; there is nothing but anxiety, or "affliction and darkness" [in them]; for, affliction and darkness will be together, thus so conjoined as though they were one; wherefore it is said, "darkened by anxiety, and driven or impelled by thick darkness." (Swedenborg's Notes on Isaiah, p.19.)

20. To the Law and to the Testimony [let them seek]; if they will not speak according to this Word, there shall be no dawning light to them.

21. But he shall pass through the land, distressed and famished: and it shall be, when he is famished; and angry with himself, he shall curse his king and his gods, and shall look upward.

Verse 20. No dawning light to them. - The "dawning light", or the aurora, signifies the conjunction of natural Good with celestial-spiritual Good, or with the Divine Good of Truth. This state of conjunction is effected by temptations, hence Jacob "wrestled with the man until the morning dawn" or the aurora, appeared, when the wrestling ceased. (Genesis 32:26)

For when the conjunction between the internal and the external man takes place, then is the "morning dawn" or aurora to man, for he then enters into a spiritual or heavenly state; then also the "light", as of the aurora; appears to him, if he is ill such a state as to be able to perceive it; otherwise his intellectual principle is enlightened as when he awakes out of sleep early in the morning, when the dawn first enlightens and begins the day. Arcana Coelestia 4284.

Verses 21, 22. And it shall be, when he is famished, and angry with himself, he shall curse the king and his gods, and shall look upward; and to the earth shall he look, etc. The subject here treated of is concerning those who are in falsities from a defect of the knowledges of Truth and Good, and concerning their indignation in consequence thereof. That defect or want is described by "their looking upwards, and to the earth, and lo! affliction and thick darkness"; to "look upwards, and to the earth", is to look everywhere for Goods and Truths, "and lo! affliction and thick darkness", , denoting that they are not anywhere to be found, but mere falsities - dense falsity being understood by "thick darkness." Their indignation in consequence thereof is understood by "when he shall be famished and angry, and shall curse his king and his gods"; to be "hungry or famished" denotes a desire to know:

"king" signifies their false principle [Charity 7D]; "gods" the falsities of worship thence derived; and to "curse" means to detest. Apocalypse Explained 386.

22. And to the earth shall he look, and to affliction and darkness; he shall be darkened with distress, and driven by thick darkness.

Verse 22. And lo! affliction and darkness; he shall be darkened with distress, and driven by thick darkness. - In the Word throughout mention is made of "darkness", and also at the same time of "thick darkness; and in such passages "darkness" is predicated of the false, and "thick darkness" of evil together with the false. "Darkness" also signifies ignorance of Truth, such as prevails amongst the nations or Gentiles; and "thick darkness"; the ignorance of Good. Arcana Coelestia 7711.

---
Isaiah Chapter 8

1. AND Jehovah said unto me, Take unto you a large roll, and write on it with a man's pen, MAHER-SHALAL-HASH-BAZ; [that is, Hasten to the spoil, take quickly the prey.]

2. And I called unto me for a testimony faithful witnesses, Uriah, the priest, and Zechariah the son of Jeberechiah.

3. And I approached unto the prophetess: and she conceived, and bare a son. And Jehovah said unto me, Call his name Maher-shalal-hash-baz: -

4. For before the child shall know to pronounce: My father; and my mother, the riches of Damascus shall be borne away, and the spoil of Samaria, before the king of Assyria.

5. And Jehovah spake also unto me again, saying,

6. Because this people refuse the waters of Shiloah which flow softly, and rejoice in Retzin and the son of Remaliah;

7. Therefore, behold, the Lord [Adonai] brings up upon them the waters of the river, the strong and the many; even the king of Assyria and all his glory: and it shall rise over all its channels, and it shall go over all its banks:

8. And shall pass through Judah, and shall overflow and go over, even to the neck shall it reach: and the spreadings of his wings shall be over the full breadth of Your land, O Immanuel !

9. Associate yourselves, 0 you peoples, and you shall be broken to pieces; and, give ear, all you of distant lands: gird yourselves, and you shall be broken to pieces; gird yourselves, and we shall be broken to pieces.

10. Take counsel together, and it shall come to nought; speak the word, and it shall not stand: for God is with us [Immanuel].

11. For thus said Jehovah unto me, with a strong hand, and instructed me, not to walk in the way of this people, saying,

12. Say you not, A confederacy, to all them to whom this people shall say, A confederacy: and fear you not [the object of] their fear; neither shall you dread.

13. Jehovah of Hosts Himself shall you sanctify; and He shall be [the Object of] your fear, and He your dread.

14. And He shall be [unto you] for a Sanctuary; but for a stone of stumbling and for a rock of offence to the two houses of Israel; for a snare and for a trap to the inhabitants of Jerusalem.

15. And many among them shall stumble, and shall fall, and be broken; and shall be ensnared, and taken.

16. Bind up the Testimony, seal the Law, for My disciples.

17. And I will wait for Jehovah, who hideth His faces from the house of Jacob; and I will look for Him,

18. Behold, I, and the children whom Jehovah has given me, are for signs and for wonders in Israel from Jehovah of Hosts, who dwells in Mount Zion.

19. And when they shall say unto you, Seek unto them that have familiar spirits and unto wizards, to them that chirp and that mutter: [then say you] Should not a people seek unto their God? should they seek, instead

20. To the Law and to the Testimony [let them seek]; if they will· not speak according to this Word, there shall be no dawning light to them.

21. .But he shall pass through the land, distressed and famished: and it shall be, when he is famished; and angry with himself, he shall curse his king and his gods, and shall look upward.

22. And to the earth shall he look, and to affliction and darkness; he shall be darkened with distress, and driven by thick darkness.

Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

The Inner Meaning of the Prophets and Psalms 8


Další odkazy Swedenborga k tomuto verši:

Arcanes Célestes 705, 790, 3881

L’Apocalypse Révélée 409, 444


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 518, 569

Coronis (An Appendix to True Christian Religion) 34

Skočit na podobné biblické verše

Psaumes 46:4

Ésaïe 7:17, 20, 17:12, 28:15, 59:19

Jérémie 46:7, 51:42

Michée 5:4, 5

Apocalypse 17:15

Vysvětlení slova/fráze

eaux
'Waters' signify truths in the natural self, and in the opposite sense, falsities. 'Waters' signify particularly the spiritual parts of a person, or the intellectual...

fleuve
'Rivers' signify truths in abundance serving the rational self, and so, the understanding, for the purpose of doctrine and life. 'Rivers' or 'floods' signify temptations....

Roi
The human mind is composed of two parts, a will and an understanding, a seat of loves and affections, and a seat of wisdom and...

Zdroje pro rodiče a učitele

Zde uvedené položky jsou poskytnuty se svolením našich přátel z General Church of the New Jerusalem. Můžete prohledávat/procházet celou knihovnu kliknutím na odkaz this link.


 Christmas Prophecies
Worship Talk | Ages 7 - 14


Přeložit: