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Jérémie 51

French: Martin (1744)         

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1 Ainsi a dit l'Eternel : voici, je m'en vais faire lever un vent de destruction contre Babylone, et contre ceux qui habitent au cœur [du Royaume] de ceux qui s'élèvent contre moi.

2 Et j'enverrai contre Babylone des vanneurs qui la vanneront, et qui videront son pays; car de tous côtés ils seront venus contre elle au jour de son mal.

3 Qu'on bande l'arc contre celui qui bande son arc, et contre celui qui se confie en sa cuirasse; et n'épargnez point ses gens d'élite, exterminez à la façon de l'interdit toute son armée;

4 Et les blessés à mort tomberont au pays des Caldéens; et les transpercés [tomberont] dans ses places;

5 Car Israël et Juda n'est point privé de son Dieu, de l'Eternel des armées; quoique leur pays ait été trouvé par le Saint d'Israël plein de crimes.

6 Fuyez hors de Babylone, et sauvez chacun sa vie, ne soyez point exterminés dans son iniquité; car c'est le temps de la vengeance de l'Eternel; il lui rend ce qu'elle a mérité.

7 Babylone a été comme une coupe d'or en la main de l'Eternel, enivrant toute la terre; les nations ont bu de son vin; c'est pourquoi les nations en ont perdu l'esprit.

8 Babylone est tombée en un instant, et a été brisée; hurlez sur elle, prenez du baume pour sa douleur, peut-être qu'elle guérira.

9 Nous avons traité Babylone, et elle n'est point guérie; laissez-la et allons-nous-en chacun en son pays; car son procès est parvenu jusqu’aux cieux, et s'est élevé jusqu’aux nues.

10 L'Eternel a mis en évidence notre justice. Venez, et racontons en Sion l'œuvre de l'Eternel notre Dieu.

11 Fourbissez les flèches, et empoignez à pleines mains les boucliers; l'Eternel a réveillé l'esprit des Rois de Méde; car sa pensée est contre Babylone pour la détruire, parce que c'est ici la vengeance de l'Eternel, et la vengeance de son Temple.

12 Elevez l'enseigne sur les murailles de Babylone, renforcez la garnison, posez les gardes, préparez des embûches; car l'Eternel a formé un dessein, même il a fait ce qu'il a dit contre les habitants de Babylone.

13 Tu étais assise sur plusieurs eaux, abondante en trésors; ta fin est venue, et le comble de ton gain déshonnête.

14 L'Eternel des armées a juré par soi-même, en disant : si je ne te remplis d'hommes comme de hurebecs, et s'ils ne s'entre-répondent pour s'encourager contre toi.

15 C'est lui qui a fait la terre par sa vertu, et qui a rangé le monde habitable par sa sagesse, et qui a étendu les cieux par son intelligence.

16 Sitôt qu'il fait ouïr sa voix il y a un grand bruit d'eaux dans les cieux; après qu'il a fait monter du bout de la terre les vapeurs, ses éclairs annoncent la pluie, et il tire le vent hors de ses trésors.

17 Tout homme paraît abruti dans sa science; tout fondeur est rendu honteux par les images taillées; car ce qu'ils fondent est une fausseté, et il n'y a point de respiration en elles.

18 Elles ne sont que vanité, et un ouvrage propre à abuser; elles périront au temps de leur visitation.

19 La portion de Jacob n'est point comme ces choses-là; car c'est celui qui a tout formé, et il est le lot de son héritage; son Nom est l'Eternel des armées.

20 Tu m'as été un marteau [et] des instruments de guerre; par toi j'ai mis en pièces les nations, et par toi j'ai détruit les Royaumes.

21 Et par toi j'ai mis en pièces le cheval et celui qui le monte; et par toi j'ai mis en pièces le chariot et celui qui était monté dessus.

22 Et par toi j'ai mis en pièces l'homme et la femme; et par toi j'ai mis en pièces le vieillard et le jeune garçon; et par toi j'ai mis en pièces le jeune homme et la vierge.

23 Et par toi j'ai mis en pièces le pasteur et son troupeau; et par toi j'ai mis en pièces le laboureur et ses bœufs accouplés; et par toi j'ai mis en pièces les gouverneurs et les magistrats.

24 Mais je rendrai à Babylone, et à tous les habitants de la Caldée, tout le mal qu'ils ont fait à Sion, vous le voyant, dit l'Eternel.

25 Voici, j'en veux à toi, montagne qui détruis, dit l'Eternel, qui détruis toute la terre; et j'étendrai ma main sur toi, et je te roulerai en bas du haut des rochers, et je te réduirai en montagne d'embrasement.

26 Et on ne pourra prendre de toi aucune pierre pour la placer à l'angle de l'édifice, ni aucune pierre pour servir de fondement, car tu seras des désolations perpétuelles, dit l'Eternel.

27 Levez l'enseigne sur la terre, sonnez de la trompette parmi les nations; préparez les nations contre elle; convoquez contre elle les Royaumes d'Ararat, de Minni, et d'Askenas; établissez contre elle des Capitaines, faites monter ses chevaux comme le hurebec qui se hérisse.

28 Préparez contre elle les nations, les Rois de Méde, ses gouverneurs, et tous ses magistrats, et tout le pays de sa domination.

29 Et la terre en sera ébranlée, et en sera en travail, parce que tout ce que l'Eternel a pensé a été effectué contre Babylone, pour réduire le pays en désolation, tellement qu'il n'y ait personne qui [y] habite.

30 Les hommes forts de Babylone ont cessé de combattre, ils se sont tenus dans les forteresses, leur force est éteinte, et ils sont devenus [comme] des femmes; on a brûlé ses demeures; et ses barres ont été rompues.

31 Le courrier viendra à la rencontre du courrier, et le messager viendra à la rencontre du messager, pour annoncer au Roi de Babylone que sa ville est prise par un bout;

32 Et que ses gués sont surpris, et que ses marais sont brûlés au feu, et que les hommes de guerre sont épouvantés.

33 Car ainsi a dit l'Eternel des armées, le Dieu d'Israël : la fille de Babylone est comme une aire; il est temps qu'elle soit foulée; encore un peu, et le temps de sa moisson viendra.

34 Nébucadnetsar Roi de Babylone, [dira Jérusalem], m'a dévorée et m'a froissée; il m'a mise dans le même état qu'un vaisseau qui ne sert de rien; il m'a engloutie comme un dragon; il a rempli son ventre de mes délices, il m'a chassée au loin.

35 Ce qu'il m'a ravi par violence, et ma chair [est] à Babylone, dira l'habitante de Sion; et mon sang est chez les habitants de la Caldée, dira Jérusalem.

36 C'est pourquoi ainsi a dit l'Eternel : voici, je m'en vais plaider ta cause, et je ferai la vengeance pour toi; je dessécherai sa mer, et je ferai tarir sa source.

37 Et Babylone sera réduite en monceaux, en demeure de dragons, en étonnement, et en opprobre, sans que personne [y] habite.

38 Ils rugiront ensemble comme des lionceaux, et bruiront comme des faons de lions.

39 Je les ferai échauffer dans leurs festins, et les enivrerai, afin qu'ils se réjouissent, et qu'ils dorment d'un sommeil perpétuel, et qu'ils ne se réveillent plus, dit l'Eternel.

40 Je les ferai descendre comme des agneaux à la tuerie, et comme [on y mène] les moutons avec les boucs.

41 Comment a été prise Sésac? et [comment] a été saisie celle qui était la louange de toute la terre? comment Babylone a-t-elle été réduite en désolation parmi les nations?

42 La mer est montée sur Babylone, elle a été couverte de la multitude de ses flots.

43 Ses villes ont été un sujet d'étonnement, une terre sèche et de landes, un pays où personne ne demeure, et où il ne passe pas un fils d'homme.

44 Je punirai aussi Bel à Babylone, et je tirerai hors de sa bouche ce qu'il avait englouti, et les nations n'aborderont plus vers lui; la muraille même de Babylone est tombée.

45 Mon peuple, sortez du milieu d'elle, et sauvez chacun sa vie de l'ardeur de la colère de l'Eternel.

46 De peur que votre cœur ne s'amollisse, et que vous n'ayez peur des nouvelles qu'on entendra dans tout le pays; car des nouvelles viendront une année, et après cela [d'autres] nouvelles une [autre] année, et il y aura violence dans la terre, et dominateur sur dominateur.

47 C'est pourquoi voici, les jours viennent que je punirai les images taillées de Babylone, et tout son pays sera rendu honteux, et tous ses blessés à mort tomberont au milieu d'elle.

48 Les cieux, et la terre, et tout ce qui y est, se réjouiront avec chant de triomphe contre Babylone, parce qu'il viendra de l'Aquilon des destructeurs contre elle, dit l'Eternel.

49 Et comme Babylone a fait tomber les blessés à mort d'Israël, ainsi les blessés à mort de tout le pays tomberont à Babylone.

50 Vous qui êtes échappés de l'épée, marchez, ne vous arrêtez point; souvenez-vous de l'Eternel dans ces pays éloignés où vous êtes, et que Jérusalem vous revienne au cœur.

51 [Mais vous direz] : nous sommes honteux des reproches que nous avons entendus; la confusion a couvert nos faces, en ce que les étrangers sont venus contre les Sanctuaires de la maison de l'Eternel.

52 C'est pourquoi voici, les jours viennent, dit l'Eternel, que je ferai justice de ses images taillées, et les blessés à mort gémiront par tout son pays.

53 Quand Babylone serait montée jusqu'aux cieux, et qu'elle aurait fortifié le plus haut de sa forteresse, toutefois les destructeurs y entreront de par moi, dit l'Eternel.

54 Un grand cri s'entend de Babylone, et un grand débris du pays des Caldéens.

55 Parce que l'Eternel s'en va détruire Babylone, et il abolira du milieu d'elle la voix magnifique, et leurs flots bruiront comme de grosses eaux, l'éclat de leur bruit retentira.

56 Car le destructeur est venu contre elle, contre Babylone; ses hommes forts ont été pris, et leurs arcs ont été brisés; car le [Dieu] Fort des rétributions, l'Eternel, ne manque jamais à rendre la pareille.

57 J'enivrerai donc ses principaux et ses sages, ses gouverneurs et ses magistrats, et ses hommes forts; ils dormiront d'un sommeil perpétuel, et ils ne se réveilleront plus, dit le Roi dont le Nom est l'Eternel des armées.

58 Ainsi a dit l'Eternel des armées : Il n'y aura aucune muraille de Babylone, quelque large qu'elle soit, qui ne soit entièrement rasée; et ses portes, qui sont si hautes, seront brûlées au feu; ainsi les peuples auront travaillé inutilement, et les nations pour le feu, et elles s'y seront lassées.

59 C'est ici l'ordre que Jérémie le Prophète donna à Séraja, fils de Nérija, fils de Mahaséja, quand il alla de la part de Sédécias Roi de Juda en Babylone, la quatrième année de son Règne; or Séraja était principal Chambellan.

60 Car Jérémie écrivit dans un livre tout le mal qui devait venir sur Babylone; savoir toutes ces paroles qui sont écrites contre Babylone.

61 Jérémie donc dit à Séraja : Sitôt que tu seras venu à Babylone, et que tu l'auras vue, tu liras toutes ces paroles-là;

62 Et tu diras : Eternel, tu as parlé contre ce lieu-ci pour l'exterminer, en sorte qu'il n'y ait aucun habitant, depuis l'homme jusqu'à la bête, mais qu'il soit réduit en désolations perpétuelles.

63 Et sitôt que tu auras achevé de lire ce livre, tu le lieras à une pierre, et le jetteras dans l'Euphrate;

64 Et tu diras : Babylone sera ainsi plongée, et elle ne se relèvera point du mal que je m'en vais faire venir sur elle, et ils en seront accablés. Jusques ici sont les paroles de Jérémie.

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Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcanes Célestes 1368

The Inner Meaning of the Prophets and Psalms 117


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcanes Célestes 42, 150, 215, 583, 623, 1072, 1154, ...

L’Apocalypse Révélée 24, 158, 238, 241, 285, 298, 316, ...

Doctrine de a Nouvelle Jérusalem sur Le Seigneur 4, 39, 40, 47, 48, 53

Du Ciel et de L'Enfer 365

La Vraie Religion Chrétienne 93, 158


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 63, 187, 261, 273, 275, 278, 304, ...

Nine Questions 4

Marriage 93

Scriptural Confirmations 2, 4, 19, 21, 51, 98

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dit
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l'eternel
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côtés
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arc
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Juda
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or
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voyant
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Montagne
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chevaux
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habite
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femmes
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barres
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rencontre
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Ville
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fille
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moisson
'A harvest' symbolizes the state of the church with respect to Divine truth. The reason is that a harvest yields the grain used to make...

Rempli
'To satiate' relates to the extent of a person's will, for good or evil.

sang
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Jérusalem
Jerusalem, on Mount Zion, signifies the doctrine of love to the Lord, and how it governs your life. Jerusalem first comes to our attention in...

Vengeance
'To be avenged seventy and seven fold' denotes damnation.

mer
Water generally represents what Swedenborg calls “natural truth,” or true concepts about day-to-day matters and physical things. Since all water ultimately flows into the seas,...

lions
'A lion' signifies the good of celestial love and the truth from that good.

sommeil
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Perpétuel
'Perpetual' in the literal sense, means to the end of one’s life, after death, and eternity.

descendre
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Villes
In the ancient world cities were very nearly nations unto themselves – they existed within walls, with their own laws and customs, generally centered on...

Fils
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

d'homme
In general, men are driven by intellect and women by affections, and because of this men in the Bible generally represent knowledge and truth and...

Bel
Bel (Isa. 46:1) signifies the profanation of truth.

bouche
In most cases, "mouth" in the Bible represents thought and logic, especially the kind of active, concrete thought that is connected with speech. The reason...

Milieu
The "midst" of something in the Bible represents the thing that is most central and most important to the spiritual state being described, the motivation...

colère
La colère est une émotion si commune aux gens qu'elle ne nécessite aucune définition. Cependant, quelques points d'intérêt peuvent être soulevés. 1) Le Seigneur n'est...

Peur
La peur de l'inconnu et la peur du changement sont deux idées communes, qui couvrent ensemble un large spectre des peurs que nous avons tendance...

après
Selon Swedenborg, le temps et l'espace n'existent pas dans la réalité spirituelle ; ce sont des choses purement naturelles qui n'existent que sur le plan...

honteux
To be ashamed (Gen 2:25) signifies to be in evil

tomber
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "fall" is highly dependent on context in regular language, and is highly dependent on context in a spiritual...

épée
A 'sword,' in the Word, signifies the truth of faith combating and the vastation of truth. In an opposite sense, it signifies falsity combating and...

souvenez
'To remember,' as in Genesis 41:9, signifies conjunction. 'Remembering' denotes conjunction because the remembrance of anyone in the other life joins them together, because as...

mais
A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

reproches
To revile something – or "reproach," as it is often translated – represents making a direct and deliberate attack on what is spiritually true, in...

couvert
The "high mountains being covered " (Gen. 7:19) signifies that all the good things of charity were extin­guished.

étrangers
In Ezekiel 28:7, 'strangers' signify falsities which destroy truths, and 'the terrible of the nations,' evils which destroy good.

Maison
A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

venu
As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “come” in the Bible is highly dependent on context – its meaning is determined largely by...

pris
"Catching" is used in a variety of ways in the Bible, both positive and negative. Thieves get caught; the Egyptians caught up with the Children...

Rendre
'To reward' signifies meting out punishment.

portes
"Gates" in ancient times had a significance that does not hold in the modern world. Cities then were enclosed by walls for protection; gates in...

ordre
To command is to give an order that something must be done, and is directed to an individual, or a group. It is an imperative,...

Jérémie
Jeremiah, in the Book of Jeremiah 1:1 and what follows, represents the Lord. (Arcana Coelestia 2838 [2]). In Jeremiah 13:7, he signifies the state of...

prophète
The idea of a "prophet" is very closely tied to the idea of the Bible itself, since the Bible was largely written by prophets. At...

Quatrième
The number "four" in the Bible represents things being linked together or joined. This is partly because four is two times two, and two represents...

Règne
To reign,' as in Revelation 5, signifies being in truths and goods, and so in power, from the Lord, to resist evils and falsities which...

un
A company might have executives setting policy and strategy, engineers designing products, line workers building them, managers handling personnel and others handling various functions. They...

livre
(Rev. 10:9.) "And I went unto the angel, saying, give me the little book," signifies the faculty of perceiving the quality of the Word from...

venir
Coming (Gen. 41:14) denotes communication by influx.

vue
The symbolic meaning of "seeing" is "understanding," which is obvious enough that it has become part of common language (think about it; you might see...

parlé
Like "say," the word "speak" refers to thoughts and feelings moving from our more internal spiritual levels to our more external ones – and ultimately...

la bête
"Beasts" represent the affection for doing good things, a true desire to do them from the heart. In the negative sense, "beasts" stand for the...

l'euphrate
The river Euphrates signifies, in Psalms 80:9, 10, signifies the sensual and scientific principle.

Euphrate
The river Euphrates signifies, in Psalms 80:9, 10, signifies the sensual and scientific principle.

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Arcanes Célestes # 1327

Arcanes Célestes (Le Boys des Guays traduction)      

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1327. Jéhovah confondit la lèvre de toute la terre, signifie l'état de cette Eglise Ancienne, dans laquelle le culte interne commençait à se détruire : c'est ce qui est évident, en ce qu'il est dit : la lèvre de toute la terre, et non ; comme au verset 1, la lèvre de ceux qui avaient commencé de bâtir la ville et la tour ; la face de toute la terre signifie l'état de l'Eglise, car la terre c'est l'Eglise, comme je l'ai déjà expliqué, numéros 662, 1066. Voici ce qui arriva à l'égard des Eglises après le déluge. Il y eut trois Eglises dont il est spécialement fait mention dans la Parole, savoir : la Première Eglise Ancienne, qui fut nommée Noach ; la Seconde Eglise Ancienne, qui tira son nom d'Eber ; et la Troisième Eglise Ancienne, qui prit son nom de Jacob, et ensuite de Judah et d'Israël. Quant à ce qui concerne la Première Eglise, savoir, celle qui fut nommée Noach, elle fut comme la mère de celles qui suivirent ; et selon ce qui a coutume d'arriver aux Eglises dans leurs commencements, elle eut plus de pureté et d'innocence, comme on le voit aussi par le premier Verset de ce Chapitre, où il est dit qu'il y avait en elle une seule lèvre, c'est-à-dire une même doctrine, en ce sens que la charité était pour tous l'essentiel ; mais par succession de temps, ainsi qu'il arrive ordinairement aux Eglises, elle commença aussi à tomber, et surtout en ce que plusieurs de ceux qui la composaient commencèrent à tourner le culte sur eux-mêmes pour s'élever ainsi au-dessus des autres, comme on le voit ci-dessus, Vers. 4 ; car ils dirent :

« Bâtissons-nous une ville et une tour, et que son sommet » soit dans le ciel, et faisons-nous un nom. de tels hommes ne purent être dans l'Eglise que comme une sorte de ferment ou comme des torches incendiaires. Lorsque par là le danger de la profanation de la sainteté, dont j'ai parlé numéros 571, 582, fut imminent, l'état de cette Eglise fut changé par la Providence du Seigneur, c'est-à-dire que son culte interne périt et que le culte externe resta, ce qui est signifié ici par ces mots : Jéhovah confondit la lèvre de toute la terre. De là il est évident aussi qu'un tel culte, qui est appelé Babel, n'eut point de force dans la Première Eglise Ancienne, mais qu'il prévalut dans les Eglises suivantes, lorsqu'on commença à adorer les hommes comme des Dieux, surtout après leur mort ; de là tant de Dieux chez les nations. Pourquoi fut-il permis que le culte interne périt et que l'externe restât ? Ce fut pour qu'il n'y eut pas profanation de la sainteté. La profanation de la sainteté entraîne avec soi à damnation éternelle. Nul ne peut profaner la sainteté, à moins qu'il n'ait les connaissances de la foi et qu'il ne les reconnaisse ; or celui qui ne les a point ne peut les reconnaître, ni à plus forte raison les profaner. Ce sont les internes qui peuvent être profanés ; car la sainteté est dans les internes et non dans les externes il en est de cela comme d'un homme qui fait le mal sans penser au mal ; le mal qu'il fait ne peut lui être imputé, de même qu'on ne peut l'imputer non plus à celui qui le fait sans propos délibéré, ou à celui qui manque de rationalité : ainsi celui qui ne croit pas qu'il existe une vie après la mort, mais qui a néanmoins un culte externe, ne peut profaner les choses qui appartiennent à la vie éternelle, parce qu'il ne croit pas qu'elles existent. Il en est autrement pour ceux qui connaissent et qui reconnaissent. Voilà aussi pourquoi il est permis à l'homme de vivre plutôt dans les voluptés et dans les cupidités, et de s'éloigner par elles des internes, que d'arriver à la connaissance et à la reconnaissance des internes et de les profaner. C'est pour cela qu'il est permis aux Juifs de se plonger aujourd'hui dans l'avarice, pour qu'ils s'éloignent ainsi le plus possible de la reconnaissance des internes ; car ils sont tels que s'ils les reconnaissaient, il ne pourraient s'empêcher de profaner : rien n'éloigne plus des internes que l'avarice, parce que c'est la plus basse cupidité terrestre. Il en est de même d'un grand nombre de personnes qui sont dans l'Eglise, et il en est aussi de même des nations qui sont hors de l'Eglise ; celles-ci, savoir, les nations, peuvent moins que tous autres profaner. C'est donc par cette raison qu'il est dit ici que Jéhovah confondit la lèvre de toute la terre ; et que ces mots signifient qu'il y eut dans cette Eglise un changement d'état, c'est-à-dire que son culte devint externe sans renfermer en lui aucun culte interne. La même chose fut représentée et signifiée par la captivité de Babylone où furent emmenés les Israélites et ensuite les Juifs ; il en est ainsi parlé dans Jérémie :

« Et il arrivera que la nation et le royaume qui ne serviraient pas le roi de Babel, et quiconque ne met pas son cou sous le joug du roi de Babel, je visiterai cette nation par l'épée, et par la famine, et par la peste, jusqu'à ce que je les consumé par sa main. » - Jérémie 27:8, , , , , ; , , Jérémie 29:16-17.

Rester dans la ville et n'en point sortir pour aller vers le roi de Babel, représentait et signifiait ceux qui étaient dans les connaissances des internes ou des vérités de la foi et qui les profanaient ; il est dit que l'épée, la famine et la peste, qui sont les peines de la profanation, seraient envoyées centre eux, et qu'ils deviendraient comme des figues sauvages. Que par Babel soient signifiés ceux qui privent les autres de toute connaissance et de toute reconnaissance du vrai, c'est aussi ce qui a été représenté et signifié dans le même Prophète par ces paroles :

« Je livrerai tout Juda dans la main du roi de Babel ; et il les transportera dans Babel, et il les frappera de l'épée ; et je livrerai toutes les richesses de cette ville, et tout son travail, et tout ce qu'elle a de précieux, et tous les trésors des rois de Juda ; je (les) livrerai dans la main de leurs ennemis, et ils les pilleront, et ils s'en empareront. » - Jérémie 20:4-5.

Là, toutes les richesses, tout le travail, tout ce qu'il y a de précieux, tous les trésors des rois de Juda, signifient, dans le sens interne, les connaissances de la foi.

Dans le Même :

« J'amènerai avec les familles du septentrion le roi de Babel sur cette terre, et » sur ses habitants et sur toutes ces nations des environs, et je les dévouerai à l'extermination, et je les mettrai en désolation, et en sifflement et en dévastations du siècle ; et toute cette terre sera en dévastation. » - Jérémie 25:9, 11.

Ici est décrite la dévastation par Babel des intérieurs de la foi ou du culte interne ; car celui qui est dans le culte de soi-même n'a aucun vrai de la foi, et il détruit, dévaste et conduit en captivité tout ce qui est vrai ; aussi Babel est-elle appelée montagne de corruption, - Jérémie 51:25.

Voir en outre ce qui a déjà été dit de Babel, numéro 1182.

(Odkazy: Genèse 11:7)


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Odkazy z vydaných prací:

Arcanes Célestes 1363, 2049, 2051, 2115, 2383, 2426, 2520, 2799, 2868, 2897, 2913, 2986, 3031, 3079, 3380, 3398, 3542, 3708, 3727, 3757, 3898, 3901, 4031, 4289, 4447, 4601, 4744, 4874, 5044, 5128, 6348, 6959, 8882, 8902, 8904, 9298, 10227, 10287

The Last Judgment 54

La Nouvelle Jérusalem et sa Doctrine Céleste 172, 246, 247


Odkazy z nepublikovaných prací E. Swedenborga:

Apocalypse Explained 104, 1029

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Bible

 

Ésaïe 44:24

French: Martin (1744)         

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24 Ainsi a dit l'Eternel ton Rédempteur, et celui gui t'a formé dès le ventre; je suis l'Eternel qui ai fait toutes choses, qui [seul] ai étendu les cieux, et qui ai par moi-même aplani la terre;

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Explanation of Isaiah 44      

Napsal(a) Rev. John H. Smithson

THE EXPLANATION of Isaiah Chapter 44

(Note: Rev. Smithson's translation of the Isaiah text is appended below the explanation.)

1. BUT hear now, O Jacob, My servant; and Israel, whom I have chosen:

VERSES 1-6. These words imply that GOD MESSIAH gives to the regenerate man spiritual and celestial gifts.

By "Jacob My servant, and Israel My chosen", are understood all the regenerate. "Fear you not, O My servant Jacob", etc., are words of exhortation that man may not despair in temptations, and that he may thus be supported, wherefore he is here called "Jeshurun", [see note, p 451.] and not Israel. "Waters upon the thirsty" are spiritual gifts and comforts; the "thirsty" and the "dry" are predicated of him who is in temptation; "your seed" is everything which is sown, as in a field, in the man who is about to be regenerated; the "blessing" is the increase, and the "offspring" are the things which are hence horn; hence the "grass" or the "new creature", as he is then called; the regenerate are compared to " trees by the water-brooks." Verse 5 treats of the quality of the new man, that is, when he has put on the new man, namely, that he shall be called by the name of "Jacob", who in the supreme sense is the MESSIAH, as shown above, and "written in the book of life"; he "writes with his own hand to be Jehovah's, and surnames himself by the name of Israel", because by the divine Mercy of GOD MESSIAH he has sustained temptations, (Swedenborg's Notes on Isaiah, p. 110.)

Verse 1. Israel, whom I have chosen. - That the Jews were chosen to form a representative or a typical church, and were not chosen, in the sense of salvation, above other nations, see above, Chapter 14:1, the Exposition.

2. Thus says Jehovah, your Maker, and your Former from the womb, who will help you: Fear you not, O My servant Jacob; and you, O Jeshurun, whom I have chosen:

Verses 2, 24. The Lord, in many parts of the Word, is called "Creator", "Maker", and "Former from the womb", and also "Redeemer", by reason that He creates man anew, reforms, regenerates, and redeems. It may be supposed that the Lord is so called because He creates man and forms him in the womb, but still it is a spiritual creation and formation which is there understood; for the Word is not only natural, but also spiritual. Apocalypse Explained 710.

The Lord is called "Maker and Former from the womb", because He regenerates man, and from being natural makes him spiritual. Because regeneration is effected by Truth and Good, therefore it is said that He will "pour out waters upon the thirsty", etc.; for by "waters" is meant Truth. Arcana Coelestia 8013.

As to the process of "regeneration", see Chapter 8:3, the Exposition.

3. For I will pour out waters upon the thirsty, and streams upon the dry ground: I will pour out My spirit upon your seed, and My blessing upon thine offspring.

4. And they shall spring up among the grass; as the willows beside the water-brooks.

Verse 3. To "pour out waters upon the thirsty", signifies to instruct those in Truths who are in the affection of Truth; to "pour out streams upon the dry ground", means to give intelligence to those who, by virtue of Good, are in the desire of Truth. The like is signified by "pouring out the spirit and the blessing"; for by the "Spirit of God" is understood the Divine Truth, and by "blessing" the multiplication and fructification thereof, thus intelligence. Who does not see that in this passage, and in those above quoted, "waters" and "rivers", "desert" and "wilderness", are not understood, but such things as appertain to the church? Apocalypse Explained 518. See also in this chapter, verse 27.

Verses 3, 4. By the "Spirit of Jehovah" is signified the Divine Truth, and by "blessing" the multiplication and fructification thereof; hence intelligence by scientific Truth is understood by "springing up among the grass. Apocalypse Explained 507.

As to "grass", see Chapter 35:7; and for the signification of "willows", both in a good and in a bad sense, see Chapter 15:7, the Exposition.

5. One shall say, I am Jehovah's; and another shall call himself by the name of Jacob: and another shall write with his hand to be Jehovah's, and shall surname himself by the name of Israel.

Verse 5. These things are said concerning the Lord, and concerning His Divine Human.

By "Jacob" and by "Israel", where the Lord is treated of, is denoted His Human, and that it was also Jehovah, is understood by "One saying, I am Jehovah's", and by "writing with his hand to be Jehovah 's." In the supreme sense "Israel" and "Jacob" denote the Lord. Apocalypse Explained 222. See also

Arcana Coelestia 4286, 4570.

The reason why "writing" upon any one denotes to implant in the life, is, because to write is to commit anything to paper from the memory, thought, and mind, in order that it may endure or remain; wherefore, in the spiritual sense, it signifies that which is to remain in the life of man, being inscribed and implanted in him; thus the natural sense of this expression is turned into the spiritual sense, for it is natural to write upon paper or in a hook, but it is spiritual to inscribe on the life, which is done when it is imprinted in the faith and love, for love and faith make the spiritual life of man Inasmuch as to "write" signifies to implant in the life, therefore also it is said of Jehovah, or of the Lord, that "He writeth" and "has written in a book", whereby is understood what is inscribed by the Lord on the spirit of man, that is, in his heart and soul. or what is the same, in his love and faith, as in David:

"Let them be blotted out of the book of lives, and let them not be written with the just." (Psalm 69:28)

Again:

"There shall not enter any into the New Jerusalem, but those who are written in the Lamb's book of life." (Revelation 21:27)

In these and in other passages of similar import, it is not understood that they are written in a book, but that all things appertaining to faith and love are inscribed on the spirit of man. The same is also evident from Jeremiah:

"I will give My law in the midst of them, and will write it upon their heart." (Jeremiah 31:33)

To "give the law in the midst of them" denotes divine Truth in them; "in the midst" signifies within or inwardly in man; and to "write it upon the heart" is to impress it upon the love, for the "heart" signifies the love.

Again,

"They who recede from Me shall be written in the earth", etc. (Jeremiah 17:13, 14)

To be "written in the earth" is to be condemned on account of the state of life, inasmuch as by "earth" here is signified what is condemned. Hence it is evident what is meant by "the Lord's writing twice with His finger on the earth", when the Scribes and Pharisees brought to Him the woman taken in adultery, (John 8:2-11) namely, the same as in Jeremiah, - [utter condemnation of the sin of adultery; the opposite is to have "one's name written. in heaven", (Luke 10:12) which is salvation.] Apocalypse Explained 222.

6. Thus says Jehovah, the King of Israel, and his Redeemer, Jehovah of Hosts: I am the First, and I am the Last; and beside Me there is no God.

Verse 6. That the Lord, as the "First", contains all things in connection by the "Last" or Ultimate, can be evident from the Word and from Man. The Word in last principles is its literal sense, and the Word in the first is the Lord; and the Word in its interiors is its internal sense, which is perceived in the heavens, and which takes those who are there look to "one end, who is the Lord. Man in last principles is the church upon earth, - Man in first principles is the Lord; Man in interior principles is Heaven; for the church and heaven are before the

Lord as one Man, which is therefore called the greatest or Grand Man. There is a continual connection between them, and according to this connection is the influx of all things from the Lord through the heavens to the church on earth. By the "heavens" are understood the angels who are there; and by the "church" the men, that is, the true men of the church; and by "Man" in first principles, or as the "First", is the Lord as to His Divine Human. That from the "First" by the "Last" all things are kept in connection, and stand together, is understood by the Lord's words in the Apocalypse:

"These things says the First and the Last, who was dead, and is alive again." 2:8.
Arcana Coelestia 10044.

7. And who, as I, shall call and shall declare it, and set it in order for Me, from the time that I appointed the ancient people? the signs, and the things that shall come, let them declare unto them.

Verse 7. The signs. - See Chapter 41:23, note.

8. Fear you not, neither be you afraid: have I not told it unto you from the first, and have declared it? and you are My witnesses. Is there a God beside Me? yea, there is no Rock; I know not any.

Verse 8. Is there a God beside Me? yea, there is no Rock: I know not any. - By the "Rock" here also is understood the Lord as to Divine Truth. - Apocalypse Explained 411. See the Exposition of Isaiah Chapter 16:1.

9. The formers of a graven image are all of them vanity; and the things which they most desire shall not profit: and they are their own witnesses; they see not, they know not; so that they shall be ashamed.

Verses 9-20. By the whole of this description of the "graven image" is understood the formation of doctrine from self-derived intelligence, and all things, as to every particular of the description, signify the particular things of such formation. To what purpose else would such a prolix description of the formation alone of a "graven image " be given in the divine Word? That there is nothing but what is false, because from self derived intelligence, is understood by "'The formers of a graven image are all of them emptiness [or vanity]", and by " the things which they most desire being of no profit"; also by their having no knowledge and intelligence, and by not saying "Is there not a lie in my right hand?" The self-derived intelligence from which the false of doctrine is formed is described by "the fashioning of iron with the tongs", and by "working it in the coals with the strength of his arm"; to "fashion iron with the tongs", and to " work it in the coals", denoting to forge out falsities which favour the loves of man's proprium. The conjoining of falsities to falsities by fallacies, from which they appear as Truths, is described by "He stretches out the line; he marks it out with a rule; he makes it with tools; he marks it out with the compass; and he makes it according to the form of a man, according to the beauty of a man, that it may abide in the house."

By "the form of a man" is signified the appearance of Truth; by "the beauty of a man " the appearance of Intelligence thence derived; and by "abiding in the house" is understood the appearance of spiritual life thence derived. That there is thence no life of intelligence, or of the perception of Truth and of Good, is signified by "They know not, neither do they understand", also by "their eyes not seeing, and their hearts not understanding. "The particular exposition of everything contained in this description would be too prolix; it is sufficient that everyone may see that something more interior and more wise is signified than the formation only of a "graven image." Let it be known that such heavenly wisdom is contained in this description as is ineffable, in which wisdom are the angels when it is read by man, although man thinks of nothing else but of a graven image and its formation; for as many as are the expressions in the above passage, so many are the correspondences, and hence so many arcana of wisdom. Apocalypse Explained 587. See also Arcana Coelestia 10406.

10. Who has formed a god, and cast a graven image that is profitable for nothing?

11. Behold, all his associates shall be ashamed; and the workmen themselves are of men: they shall assemble all of them; they shall stand; they shall fear, and be ashamed together.

12. He fashions iron with the tongs; he works it in the coals, find forms it with sharp hammers; and he works it with the strength of his arm: yea, he is hungry, and has no strength; he drinks no waters, and he is faint.

13. He fashions wood, he stretches out the line; he marks it out with a rule; he makes it with tools; he marks it out with the compass; and he makes it according to the form of a man, according to the beauty of a man, that it may abide in the house.

Verses 10, 12. In this passage is described the formation of doctrine from the proprium, both in the intellect and love.

By "forming a god" is understood doctrine from the intellect, which is of the proprium; and by "casting a graven image", doctrine from the love, which is of the proprium, By" fashioning iron with the tongs, and working it in the coals", is signified the false, which he calls Truth, and the evil, which he calls Good; "iron" denoting the false, and a "fire of coals" the evil of the love of the proprium.

By "He forms it with sharp [or pointed] hammers" is signified by ingenious reasonings, grounded in falsities, which appear to cohere; by "the strength of his arm with which he so works it" is signified from the proprium; by "hungering" is understood the deprivation of Good, and by "not drinking" the deprivation of Truth; and by "his strength failing" and by being "wearied" is meant until nothing of Good and of Truth remains. Who forms any other idea, if he sees the Word merely from the sense of the letter, but that the formation of a "graven image" is here described? Nevertheless, he may see that such description of the formation of a "graven image " does not involve anything spiritual, also that it is superfluous to say that "he hungers until he has no strength, nor drinks until he is faint"; whereas not only in this, but in all passages of a similar nature in the Word, the formation of a religion and doctrine of what is false is described by "idols", "sculptured and molten images", which, that they signify the falsities of religion and of doctrine, originating in the intellect and love which are grounded in the proprium, may be seen in the Arcana Coelestia; Arcana Coelestia 8869, 8932, 8941. Apocalypse Explained 386.

Verses 12, 13. He fashions iron, etc.; - he fashions Wood, etc. - [The process of forming idols out of "iron" and out of "wood" is here minutely described. An "idol" fashioned or framed out of iron, signifies falsities, or false doctrines respecting Truth in the literal sense of the Word, to which Truth "iron" corresponds, (Apocalypse Explained 70, 131, 411, 1147)

Such false doctrines as are signified by "idols made of iron" are framed when the appearances of the literal sense of the Word are taken for genuine Truths, as that God is angry, that from vengeance He punishes, that He casts into hell, that He leads into temptation, that He does evil, etc. They who frame their doctrines out of the mere appearances of Truth in the letter of the Word, and not from the literal sense rightly understood, make idols out of iron; and the process of their formation here depicted corresponds to the cupidities and the ingenious reasonings of the merely natural mind, by which such doctrines are forged, as a smith forges iron into various forms. To "fashion wood" into an idol, signifies to frame false doctrines as to good works, to which "wood" in one sense corresponds. (Apocalypse Revealed 459) "Idols of wood", or false doctrines relating to good works, are of various kinds, originating chiefly in the false doctrine of "Salvation of Faith only." Such "idols of wood", or such falsities, endeavour to prove, amongst other false principles, that good works do not contribute to salvation, that they are necessarily meritorious, that they derogate from Christ's merits, and that they are merely moral acts, necessary for man's life in the world, but not to be considered as conducive to his eternal life in heaven. The fallacious and ingenious reasonings" by which such doctrines are framed and maintained, are denoted by the process by which the workman makes the idol, "stretching out his line, marking it out with his rule, applying his compass", etc., - so as to make such doctrines into "the form of a man", or into the appearance of Truth itself. As to the signification of "idols" of gold, of silver, of brass, of stone, and of wood, see above, Chapter 2:20, the Exposition.]

14. He hews down cedars for himself, and he takes the box and the oak; and he chooses for himself from among the trees of the forest: he plants the ash, and the rain doth nourish it.

15. That it may be to a man for fuel: and he takes thereof, and warms himself; yea, he kindles it, and baketh bread: he also forms a god, and worships it; he makes it a graven image, and bows down thereto.

Verse 14. As to the meaning of "cedars" and "oaks", both in a good and in a bad sense, see above, Chapter 2:12-17, the Exposition.

16. A part thereof he burns in the fire; and on a part thereof [he prepareth] flesh, and eats: he roasts roast, that he may be satisfied; he also warms himself, and says, Ah! I am warm; I have seen the fire.

Verses 16, 19. In the Word what is "roasted" is distinguished from what is "boiled." By what is "roasted" is signified Good, because by fire; and by what is "boiled" is understood Truth, because by water. From this it is evident what is understood in the spiritual sense by "the broiled or roasted fish"; (Luke 24:42, 43) and what by "the fish on the fire of coals", when the Lord , appeared to His disciples, concerning which we read in John :

"As soon as they were come to land, they saw a fire of coals there, and fish laid thereon, and "bread; Jesus then cometh, and takes bread, and giveth to them, and fish likewise." (John 21, 13)

By the "fish "is signified, the Truth of the natural principle; (see Arcana Coelestia 991) but by the "fire of coals", Good;thus by the "fish laid thereon" is signified. the Truth of spiritual Good in the natural principle. He who does not believe that there is an internal sense in the Word, cannot believe otherwise than that when the Lord appeared to the disciples there was no arcanum involved in the circumstance, but that a fish was on the fire of coals, and that the Lord gave it to the disciples to eat. Because by what is "roasted by fire" is signified the Good which is of celestial and spiritual love, therefore, in the opposite sense, by what is "roasted by fire" is signified the evil which is of the love of self and of the world, as in Isaiah:

"A part thereof he burns in the fire; and on a part thereof [he prepares] flesh, and eats; he roasts roast, that he may be satisfied", etc. (Isaiah 44:16, 19)

The subject here treated of is concerning the worshippers of a graven image. By a "graven image" is understood the false of evil, which is thus described; to "roast roast", and to "roast flesh", is to operate or to work out evil from filthy love.That " fire", in the opposite sense, is the evil of self-love and of worldly love, or of the cupidities which arise from those loves, may be seen, Arcana Coelestia 1297, 1861. Arcana Coelestia 7852.

Verse 16. He warms himself, and says, Ah! I am warm; I have seen the fire. - [To "warm one's self by a fire of coals", (John 18:18) as Peter and the servants of the Sanhedrin did, when Jesus was about to be crucified, signifies to warm one's self by the excited fires of self-love. "Ah! I have seen the fire", implies gladness at the ascendancy of selfish purposes either of dominion or of gain, when false doctrines, denoted by these "idols", so prevail as to secure these objects and ends of selfish and worldly love.]

17. And the residue thereof he makes a god, [even] his graven image: he bows down to it, and worships it; and he prays unto it, and says, Deliver me; for you art my god!

18. They know not, neither do they understand: for He has besmeared their eyes, that they cannot see; and their hearts, that they cannot understand:

19. Neither doth he lay it to his heart; neither has he knowledge nor understanding to say, Part of it I have burned in the fire; I have also baked bread on the coals thereof; I have roasted flesh, and I have eaten: and shall I make the residue thereof an abomination? shall I bow myself down to the stock of a tree?

Verses 17, 18. These words denote that in "idols" [or false doctrinesJ there are no Truths and Goods; for all things which proceed from self-intelligence, are inwardly not Truths and Goods, but falsities and evils, for they proceed from man's proprium, which is radically evil. Arcana Coelestia 8869.

20. He feeds on ashes: a deluded heart has caused him to err; so that he cannot deliver his own soul, nor say, Is there not a lie in my right hand?

21. Remember these things, O Jacob and Israel; for you art My servant: I have formed you; you art a servant unto Me: O Israel, you shalt not be forgotten by Me.

Verse 20. "Ashes" signify the falsities derived from the evil of lusts. The reason why "ashes" signify the falsities of lusts, is, because ashes are from combustibles, and what is combustible, as also "fire" itself in the Word, in the good sense, signifies the Good of heavenly affections; but, in the opposite sense, the evil of infernal lusts. Arcana Coelestia 7519.

[Hence it appears that when the maker of idols is said to "feed upon ashes", all those who frame false doctrines, and who believe in them, will eventually, if these "idols" are not rejected, have their minds imbued and fed with mere falsities from evil.]

A deluded heart has caused him to err, so that he cannot deliver his own soul. - "Heart" signifies the life of love, and "soul" the life of faith; to "go astray" from these things is to incline to what is evil and false. Arcana Coelestia 9050.

He cannot deliver his own soul, nor say, is there not a lie in my right hand?

And in David:

"You have exalted the right hand of his enemies." (Psalm 89:42)

Again,

"Whose mouth speaks vanity, and their right hand is a right hand of a lie." (Psalm 144:8, 11)

The reason why by the "right hand", when predicated of the evil, signifies the false, and thence ratiocination and combat against Truth, is, because the quarters with those who are in evil, are opposite to the quarters which are with those who are in Good, so that to the right of the former Truths are in dense darkness, but falsities, as it were, in the greatest light. That the quarters in the spiritual world with those who are in evil, are opposite to the quarters which are with those who are in Good, may be seen in the work concerning Heaven and Hell 151, 152; and the reason thereof, n. 122, 123. Apocalypse Explained 298.

22. I have blotted out, as a thick cloud, your transgressions, and, as a cloud, your sins: return unto Me; for I have redeemed you.

Verse 22. "Transgressions" and also "sins" are here mentioned, on account of the marriage of Goodness and Truth in every minute particular of the Word; for "transgression" [praevaricatio]; signifies evil against Truth, which is a less evil, and "sin" is evil, against Good, which is a greater evil. Hence it is that both are mentioned, as in Isaiah 44:22; and in Ezekiel 18:24; 21:29; and in David:

"Blessed is the man whose transgression is forgiven, and whose sin is covered." (Psalm 32:1) Arcana Coelestia 6563.

23. Sing, O you heavens, for Jehovah has done it; shout, O you lower parts of the earth: burst forth into singing, O you mountains; you forest, and every tree therein! for Jehovah has redeemed Jacob, and has glorified Himself in Israel.

24. Thus says Jehovah, your Redeemer, and your Former from the womb: I am Jehovah, who makes all things; who stretches out the heavens alone; who spreads forth the earth by Myself;

Verse 23. The subject treated of in this passage is concerning the Lord, His advent, and salvation by Him; and because these things were about to come, therefore mention is made of a "new song." The joy thence arising is described not only by singing, playing, making a loud noise, jubilating, clapping, but also by various musical instruments, whose sounds are in agreement therewith; it is likewise said that "the rivers, the sea, the field, the forest, the trees therein, Lebanon, the wilderness, the mountains", etc., should rejoice, exult, jubilate, sing, clap the hands, and, cry aloud together. The reason why similar things are predicated of those objects is, because they signify such things as appertain to the church, and consequently such as appertain to the man of the church; the "rivers" things appertaining to intelligence, the "sea" things appertaining to science, which are in agreement with Truths and Goods, the "field" the Good of the church, "forests" the Truths of the natural man, the "trees" knowledges, "Lebanon" Truth and Good spiritual, the "wilderness " the desire of Truth that Good may be thence attained, and the "mountains" the Goods of love. All these things are said to "sing", to "make a loud noise", to "jubilate", to "cry aloud", and "clap the hands", when they are derived from heaven, for then heavenly joy is in them, and thereby in man; for man is not in heavenly joy unless the Truths and Goods which are with him, are derived from heaven, - the joy of the heart, which is truly joy, being from thence, and consequently the joy of the man with whom these things are.

From these considerations it may appear why the like is predicated concerning them as concerning man, namely, because joy is in them, and thereby in man. Such joy is in every spiritual and celestial Good, and thence in those with whom those Goods are; for heaven flows in with its joy, that is, the Lord through heaven, into the Goods, and thence into the Truths, which are from Him with man, and thereby into the man, and not into the man deprived of them, or empty. Those Goods, and the Truths thence derived, are what exult, jubilate, make a loud noise, sing, play, and thus rejoice, by virtue of influx out of heaven, and thence cause the same in the heart of man. Inasmuch as there are various affections of Good and of Truth, and as each expresses itself by a sound agreeable to its quality, therefore in the Word various kinds of "instruments" are mentioned, especially in David, by which similar affections are signified. He who knows the internal sense of the Word, and, at the same time, the sounds of the "instruments" which are there named, may know what particular affection as there signified and described. The angels know this from the mention of them alone, and, at the same time, from the thing described in the expressions made use of when man reads the Word. Apocalypse Explained 326.

Verses 23, 24. Sing, O you heavens, etc. - "Sing, O you heavens; shout, O you lower parts, of the earth: burst forth into singing, O you mountains; you forest, and every tree therein!" signify all things of heaven and of the church, as well internal as external, all which have reference to Good and to Truth. Things internal are signified by the "heavens", things external by the "lower parts of the earth"; the "mountains" denote the Goods of love, the "forest" natural Truth and the "trees" therein the knowledges of Truth. By reason of such significations. It is said "For Jehovah has redeemed Jacob, and has glorified Himself in Israel"; by "Jacob", in the Word, is signified the external church, and by "Israel" the internal. To "stretch out the heavens" and to "spread forth the earth", signifies the church on all sides, which is expanded and extended by the multiplication of Truth and by the fructification of Good with those who are of the church. Apocalypse Explained 304.

Verses 24, 26. Jehovah, your Redeemer, and your Former from the womb, etc. - These words also treat concerning the advent of the Lord, who is "Jehovah your Redeemer, and your Former from the womb." He is called "Redeemer" by virtue of His liberating from hell, and "Former from the womb" by virtue of His regenerating man. The prediction by the prophets concerning Him, and concerning the salvation of men, is understood by "establishing the word of His servant, and performing the counsel of His messengers." That they who are of His church shall be saved, and instructed in the Truths of celestial doctrine, is understood by His "saying to Jerusalem, You shalt be inhabited; and to the cities of Judah, You shall he built"; "Jerusalem" denoting the church, and the "cities of Judah" the Truths of celestial doctrine. That the falsities which destroy the church shall be shaken off, is understood by "I will raise up the waste places thereof." That Jerusalem and Judah are not here literally meant, is evident, inasmuch as the Lord said that "Jerusalem should be destroyed", which came to pass accordingly. Apocalypse Explained 433.

25. Who frustrates the tokens of the liars, and makes the diviners mad; who rejects wise men backward, and makes their knowledge foolish;

26. Who establishes the word of His servant, and performs the counsel of His messengers: who says to Jerusalem, You shalt be inhabited; and to the cities of Judah, You shall be built; and her waste places I will raise up;

Verses 25, 26. These words treat of the rejection of a church whose doctrine is from man's self-intelligence; and they also treat of the establishment of a New Church, whose doctrine is from the Lord. The doctrine from man's self-intelligence is understood by "frustrating the tokens of the liars, by rejecting wise men backward, and by making their knowledge foolish." The doctrine which is from the Lord is understood by "saying to Jerusalem, You shalt be inhabited; and to the cities of Judah, You shall be built." Apocalypse Explained 223.

Verses 26, 27. Jehovah says to Jerusalem, You shalt be inhabited; and to the cities of Judah, You shall be built, etc. - The restoration of the church and of doctrine is signified by being "inhabited" and by being "built." The dissipation of the evils and falsities which are from the hells, and protection from them, is signified by "drying up the deep", and by "making dry the rivers." Apocalypse Explained 538.

27. Who says to the deep, Be you dry; and I will dry up your rivers;

Verse 27. These words signify the dissipation of evils and falsities; for where "waters" signify Truths, "drying up" signifies a state of no Truth, or without Truth, as at verse 3 of this chapter:

"I will pour out waters upon the thirsty, and streams upon the dry ground"; "waters" and "streams" signify Truth, and "dry ground" where there is no Truth. Arcana Coelestia 8185. See also Chapter 11:15, 10, the Exposition.

28. Who says to Cyrus, My shepherd! and he shall perform all My pleasure: who to Jerusalem, You shalt be built; and to the temple, Your foundation shall be laid.

Verse 28. That "Cyrus" is a representative or type of Jehovah in His Divine Human, or of the Lord Jesus Christ, see Chapter 45:1, the Exposition.

To the temple, Your foundation shall be laid. - As to the "Temple", and its important signification, see Chapter 6:1, the Exposition.

---
Isaiah Chapter 44

1. BUT hear now, O Jacob, My servant; and Israel, whom I have chosen:

2. Thus says Jehovah, your Maker, and your Former from the womb, who will help you: Fear you not, O My servant Jacob; and you, O Jeshurun, whom I have chosen:

3. For I will pour out waters upon the thirsty, and streams upon the dry ground: I will pour out My spirit upon your seed, and My blessing upon thine offspring.

4. And they shall spring up among the grass; as the willows beside the water-brooks.

5. One shall say, I am Jehovah's; and another shall call himself by the name of Jacob: and another shall write with his hand to be Jehovah's, and shall surname himself by the name of Israel.

6. Thus says Jehovah, the King of Israel, and his Redeemer, Jehovah of Hosts: I am the First, and I am the Last; and beside Me there is no God.

7. And who, as I, shall call and shall declare it, and set it in order for Me, from the time that I appointed the ancient people? the signs, and the things that shall come, let them declare unto them.

8. Fear you not, neither be you afraid: have I not told it unto you from the first, and have declared it? and you are My witnesses. Is there a God beside Me? yea, there is no Rock; I know not any.

9. The formers of a graven image are all of them vanity; and the things which they most desire shall not profit: and they are their own witnesses; they see not, they know not; so that they shall be ashamed.

10. Who has formed a god, and cast a graven image that is profitable for nothing?

11. Behold, all his associates shall be ashamed; and the workmen themselves are of men: they shall assemble all of them; they shall stand; they shall fear, and be ashamed together.

12. He fashions iron with the tongs; he works it in the coals, find forms it with sharp hammers; and he works it with the strength of his arm: yea, he is hungry, and has no strength; he drinks no waters, and he is faint.

13. He fashions wood, he stretches out the line; he marks it out with a rule; he makes it with tools; he marks it out with the compass; and he makes it according to the form of a man, according to the beauty of a man, that it may abide in the house.

14. He hews down cedars for himself, and he takes the box and the oak; and he chooses for himself from among the trees of the forest: he plants the ash, and the rain doth nourish it.

15. That it may be to a man for fuel: and he takes thereof, and warms himself; yea, he kindles it, and baketh bread: he also forms a god, and worships it; he makes it a graven image, and bows down thereto.

16. A part thereof he burns in the fire; and on a part thereof [he prepareth] flesh, and eats: he roasts roast, that he may be satisfied; he also warms himself, and says, Ah! I am warm; I have seen the fire.

17. And the residue thereof he makes a god, [even] his graven image: he bows down to it, and worships it; and he prays unto it, and says, Deliver me; for you art my god!

18. They know not, neither do they understand: for He has besmeared their eyes, that they cannot see; and their hearts, that they cannot understand:

19. Neither doth he lay it to his heart; neither has he knowledge nor understanding to say, Part of it I have burned in the fire; I have also baked bread on the coals thereof; I have roasted flesh, and I have eaten: and shall I make the residue thereof an abomination? shall I bow myself down to the stock of a tree?

20. He feeds on ashes: a deluded heart has caused him to err; so that he cannot deliver his own soul, nor say, Is there not a lie in my right hand?

21. Remember these things, O Jacob and Israel; for you art My servant: I have formed you; you art a servant unto Me: O Israel, you shalt not be forgotten by Me.

22. I have blotted out, as a thick cloud, your transgressions, and, as a cloud, your sins: return unto Me; for I have redeemed you.

23. Sing, O you heavens, for Jehovah has done it; shout, O you lower parts of the earth: burst forth into singing, O you mountains; you forest, and every tree therein! for Jehovah has redeemed Jacob, and has glorified Himself in Israel.

24. Thus says Jehovah, your Redeemer, and your Former from the womb: I am Jehovah, who makes all things; who stretches out the heavens alone; who spreads forth the earth by Myself;

25. Who frustrates the tokens of the liars, and makes the diviners mad; who rejects wise men backward, and makes their knowledge foolish;

26. Who establishes the word of His servant, and performs the counsel of His messengers: who says to Jerusalem, You shalt be inhabited; and to the cities of Judah, You shall be built; and her waste places I will raise up;

27. Who says to the deep, Be you dry; and I will dry up your rivers;

28. Who says to Cyrus, My shepherd! and he shall perform all My pleasure: who to Jerusalem, You shalt be built; and to the temple, Your foundation shall be laid.

Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

The Inner Meaning of the Prophets and Psalms 44


Další odkazy Swedenborga k tomuto verši:

Arcanes Célestes 25, 50, 248, 2586, 4918, 7091, 7673, ...

L’Apocalypse Révélée 281, 285, 535, 613, 880, 962

Brève Explication de la Doctrine 100, 120

Doctrine de a Nouvelle Jérusalem sur Le Seigneur 34, 64

La Doctrine de l'Écriture Sainte 51

La Vraie Religion Chrétienne 13, 21, 83, 188, 294, 637, 782


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 223, 304, 433, 710

Canons of the New Church 43

Divine Wisdom 3

Marriage 13, 21, 83

Scriptural Confirmations 2, 14, 17, 19, 89, 96

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