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Jérémie 51

French: Martin (1744)         

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1 Ainsi a dit l'Eternel : voici, je m'en vais faire lever un vent de destruction contre Babylone, et contre ceux qui habitent au cœur [du Royaume] de ceux qui s'élèvent contre moi.

2 Et j'enverrai contre Babylone des vanneurs qui la vanneront, et qui videront son pays; car de tous côtés ils seront venus contre elle au jour de son mal.

3 Qu'on bande l'arc contre celui qui bande son arc, et contre celui qui se confie en sa cuirasse; et n'épargnez point ses gens d'élite, exterminez à la façon de l'interdit toute son armée;

4 Et les blessés à mort tomberont au pays des Caldéens; et les transpercés [tomberont] dans ses places;

5 Car Israël et Juda n'est point privé de son Dieu, de l'Eternel des armées; quoique leur pays ait été trouvé par le Saint d'Israël plein de crimes.

6 Fuyez hors de Babylone, et sauvez chacun sa vie, ne soyez point exterminés dans son iniquité; car c'est le temps de la vengeance de l'Eternel; il lui rend ce qu'elle a mérité.

7 Babylone a été comme une coupe d'or en la main de l'Eternel, enivrant toute la terre; les nations ont bu de son vin; c'est pourquoi les nations en ont perdu l'esprit.

8 Babylone est tombée en un instant, et a été brisée; hurlez sur elle, prenez du baume pour sa douleur, peut-être qu'elle guérira.

9 Nous avons traité Babylone, et elle n'est point guérie; laissez-la et allons-nous-en chacun en son pays; car son procès est parvenu jusqu’aux cieux, et s'est élevé jusqu’aux nues.

10 L'Eternel a mis en évidence notre justice. Venez, et racontons en Sion l'œuvre de l'Eternel notre Dieu.

11 Fourbissez les flèches, et empoignez à pleines mains les boucliers; l'Eternel a réveillé l'esprit des Rois de Méde; car sa pensée est contre Babylone pour la détruire, parce que c'est ici la vengeance de l'Eternel, et la vengeance de son Temple.

12 Elevez l'enseigne sur les murailles de Babylone, renforcez la garnison, posez les gardes, préparez des embûches; car l'Eternel a formé un dessein, même il a fait ce qu'il a dit contre les habitants de Babylone.

13 Tu étais assise sur plusieurs eaux, abondante en trésors; ta fin est venue, et le comble de ton gain déshonnête.

14 L'Eternel des armées a juré par soi-même, en disant : si je ne te remplis d'hommes comme de hurebecs, et s'ils ne s'entre-répondent pour s'encourager contre toi.

15 C'est lui qui a fait la terre par sa vertu, et qui a rangé le monde habitable par sa sagesse, et qui a étendu les cieux par son intelligence.

16 Sitôt qu'il fait ouïr sa voix il y a un grand bruit d'eaux dans les cieux; après qu'il a fait monter du bout de la terre les vapeurs, ses éclairs annoncent la pluie, et il tire le vent hors de ses trésors.

17 Tout homme paraît abruti dans sa science; tout fondeur est rendu honteux par les images taillées; car ce qu'ils fondent est une fausseté, et il n'y a point de respiration en elles.

18 Elles ne sont que vanité, et un ouvrage propre à abuser; elles périront au temps de leur visitation.

19 La portion de Jacob n'est point comme ces choses-là; car c'est celui qui a tout formé, et il est le lot de son héritage; son Nom est l'Eternel des armées.

20 Tu m'as été un marteau [et] des instruments de guerre; par toi j'ai mis en pièces les nations, et par toi j'ai détruit les Royaumes.

21 Et par toi j'ai mis en pièces le cheval et celui qui le monte; et par toi j'ai mis en pièces le chariot et celui qui était monté dessus.

22 Et par toi j'ai mis en pièces l'homme et la femme; et par toi j'ai mis en pièces le vieillard et le jeune garçon; et par toi j'ai mis en pièces le jeune homme et la vierge.

23 Et par toi j'ai mis en pièces le pasteur et son troupeau; et par toi j'ai mis en pièces le laboureur et ses bœufs accouplés; et par toi j'ai mis en pièces les gouverneurs et les magistrats.

24 Mais je rendrai à Babylone, et à tous les habitants de la Caldée, tout le mal qu'ils ont fait à Sion, vous le voyant, dit l'Eternel.

25 Voici, j'en veux à toi, montagne qui détruis, dit l'Eternel, qui détruis toute la terre; et j'étendrai ma main sur toi, et je te roulerai en bas du haut des rochers, et je te réduirai en montagne d'embrasement.

26 Et on ne pourra prendre de toi aucune pierre pour la placer à l'angle de l'édifice, ni aucune pierre pour servir de fondement, car tu seras des désolations perpétuelles, dit l'Eternel.

27 Levez l'enseigne sur la terre, sonnez de la trompette parmi les nations; préparez les nations contre elle; convoquez contre elle les Royaumes d'Ararat, de Minni, et d'Askenas; établissez contre elle des Capitaines, faites monter ses chevaux comme le hurebec qui se hérisse.

28 Préparez contre elle les nations, les Rois de Méde, ses gouverneurs, et tous ses magistrats, et tout le pays de sa domination.

29 Et la terre en sera ébranlée, et en sera en travail, parce que tout ce que l'Eternel a pensé a été effectué contre Babylone, pour réduire le pays en désolation, tellement qu'il n'y ait personne qui [y] habite.

30 Les hommes forts de Babylone ont cessé de combattre, ils se sont tenus dans les forteresses, leur force est éteinte, et ils sont devenus [comme] des femmes; on a brûlé ses demeures; et ses barres ont été rompues.

31 Le courrier viendra à la rencontre du courrier, et le messager viendra à la rencontre du messager, pour annoncer au Roi de Babylone que sa ville est prise par un bout;

32 Et que ses gués sont surpris, et que ses marais sont brûlés au feu, et que les hommes de guerre sont épouvantés.

33 Car ainsi a dit l'Eternel des armées, le Dieu d'Israël : la fille de Babylone est comme une aire; il est temps qu'elle soit foulée; encore un peu, et le temps de sa moisson viendra.

34 Nébucadnetsar Roi de Babylone, [dira Jérusalem], m'a dévorée et m'a froissée; il m'a mise dans le même état qu'un vaisseau qui ne sert de rien; il m'a engloutie comme un dragon; il a rempli son ventre de mes délices, il m'a chassée au loin.

35 Ce qu'il m'a ravi par violence, et ma chair [est] à Babylone, dira l'habitante de Sion; et mon sang est chez les habitants de la Caldée, dira Jérusalem.

36 C'est pourquoi ainsi a dit l'Eternel : voici, je m'en vais plaider ta cause, et je ferai la vengeance pour toi; je dessécherai sa mer, et je ferai tarir sa source.

37 Et Babylone sera réduite en monceaux, en demeure de dragons, en étonnement, et en opprobre, sans que personne [y] habite.

38 Ils rugiront ensemble comme des lionceaux, et bruiront comme des faons de lions.

39 Je les ferai échauffer dans leurs festins, et les enivrerai, afin qu'ils se réjouissent, et qu'ils dorment d'un sommeil perpétuel, et qu'ils ne se réveillent plus, dit l'Eternel.

40 Je les ferai descendre comme des agneaux à la tuerie, et comme [on y mène] les moutons avec les boucs.

41 Comment a été prise Sésac? et [comment] a été saisie celle qui était la louange de toute la terre? comment Babylone a-t-elle été réduite en désolation parmi les nations?

42 La mer est montée sur Babylone, elle a été couverte de la multitude de ses flots.

43 Ses villes ont été un sujet d'étonnement, une terre sèche et de landes, un pays où personne ne demeure, et où il ne passe pas un fils d'homme.

44 Je punirai aussi Bel à Babylone, et je tirerai hors de sa bouche ce qu'il avait englouti, et les nations n'aborderont plus vers lui; la muraille même de Babylone est tombée.

45 Mon peuple, sortez du milieu d'elle, et sauvez chacun sa vie de l'ardeur de la colère de l'Eternel.

46 De peur que votre cœur ne s'amollisse, et que vous n'ayez peur des nouvelles qu'on entendra dans tout le pays; car des nouvelles viendront une année, et après cela [d'autres] nouvelles une [autre] année, et il y aura violence dans la terre, et dominateur sur dominateur.

47 C'est pourquoi voici, les jours viennent que je punirai les images taillées de Babylone, et tout son pays sera rendu honteux, et tous ses blessés à mort tomberont au milieu d'elle.

48 Les cieux, et la terre, et tout ce qui y est, se réjouiront avec chant de triomphe contre Babylone, parce qu'il viendra de l'Aquilon des destructeurs contre elle, dit l'Eternel.

49 Et comme Babylone a fait tomber les blessés à mort d'Israël, ainsi les blessés à mort de tout le pays tomberont à Babylone.

50 Vous qui êtes échappés de l'épée, marchez, ne vous arrêtez point; souvenez-vous de l'Eternel dans ces pays éloignés où vous êtes, et que Jérusalem vous revienne au cœur.

51 [Mais vous direz] : nous sommes honteux des reproches que nous avons entendus; la confusion a couvert nos faces, en ce que les étrangers sont venus contre les Sanctuaires de la maison de l'Eternel.

52 C'est pourquoi voici, les jours viennent, dit l'Eternel, que je ferai justice de ses images taillées, et les blessés à mort gémiront par tout son pays.

53 Quand Babylone serait montée jusqu'aux cieux, et qu'elle aurait fortifié le plus haut de sa forteresse, toutefois les destructeurs y entreront de par moi, dit l'Eternel.

54 Un grand cri s'entend de Babylone, et un grand débris du pays des Caldéens.

55 Parce que l'Eternel s'en va détruire Babylone, et il abolira du milieu d'elle la voix magnifique, et leurs flots bruiront comme de grosses eaux, l'éclat de leur bruit retentira.

56 Car le destructeur est venu contre elle, contre Babylone; ses hommes forts ont été pris, et leurs arcs ont été brisés; car le [Dieu] Fort des rétributions, l'Eternel, ne manque jamais à rendre la pareille.

57 J'enivrerai donc ses principaux et ses sages, ses gouverneurs et ses magistrats, et ses hommes forts; ils dormiront d'un sommeil perpétuel, et ils ne se réveilleront plus, dit le Roi dont le Nom est l'Eternel des armées.

58 Ainsi a dit l'Eternel des armées : Il n'y aura aucune muraille de Babylone, quelque large qu'elle soit, qui ne soit entièrement rasée; et ses portes, qui sont si hautes, seront brûlées au feu; ainsi les peuples auront travaillé inutilement, et les nations pour le feu, et elles s'y seront lassées.

59 C'est ici l'ordre que Jérémie le Prophète donna à Séraja, fils de Nérija, fils de Mahaséja, quand il alla de la part de Sédécias Roi de Juda en Babylone, la quatrième année de son Règne; or Séraja était principal Chambellan.

60 Car Jérémie écrivit dans un livre tout le mal qui devait venir sur Babylone; savoir toutes ces paroles qui sont écrites contre Babylone.

61 Jérémie donc dit à Séraja : Sitôt que tu seras venu à Babylone, et que tu l'auras vue, tu liras toutes ces paroles-là;

62 Et tu diras : Eternel, tu as parlé contre ce lieu-ci pour l'exterminer, en sorte qu'il n'y ait aucun habitant, depuis l'homme jusqu'à la bête, mais qu'il soit réduit en désolations perpétuelles.

63 Et sitôt que tu auras achevé de lire ce livre, tu le lieras à une pierre, et le jetteras dans l'Euphrate;

64 Et tu diras : Babylone sera ainsi plongée, et elle ne se relèvera point du mal que je m'en vais faire venir sur elle, et ils en seront accablés. Jusques ici sont les paroles de Jérémie.

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Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcanes Célestes 1368

The Inner Meaning of the Prophets and Psalms 117


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcanes Célestes 42, 150, 215, 583, 623, 1072, 1154, ...

L’Apocalypse Révélée 24, 158, 238, 241, 285, 298, 316, ...

Doctrine de a Nouvelle Jérusalem sur Le Seigneur 4, 39, 40, 47, 48, 53

Du Ciel et de L'Enfer 365

La Vraie Religion Chrétienne 93, 158


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 63, 187, 261, 273, 275, 278, 304, ...

Nine Questions 4

Marriage 93

Scriptural Confirmations 2, 4, 19, 21, 51, 98

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Vysvětlení slova/fráze

dit
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

l'eternel
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

Vent
Because a nearer and stronger divine influx through the heavens disperses truths among the wicked, 'wind' signifies this dispersion of truth and the resulting conjunction...

Babylone
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habitent
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cœur
The heart means love. A good heart means love to the Lord and to the neighbor while a hard or stony heart means the love...

pays
Generally in the Bible a "country" means a political subdivision ruled by a king, or sometimes a tribe with a territory ruled by a king...

côtés
'Side' signifies good or spiritual love.

jour
"Day" describes a state in which we are turned toward the Lord, and are receiving light (which is truth) and heat (which is a desire...

mal
'Wickedness' signifies evil, and 'iniquity' signifies falsities.

arc
A bow signifies falsity of doctrine destroying truth, and spear, the falsity of evil de­stroying good. (Jer. 6:23.)

armée
A host and an army come from the same Hebrew word and mean the same thing in Bible; when the Children of Israel were numbered...

mort
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caldéens
Chaldea was a land lying along the Euphrates river near its mouth, south of Babylon, part of what is now southern Iraq. It was a...

Israël
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

Juda
City of Judah,' as in Isaiah 40:9, signifies the doctrine of love towards the Lord and love towards our neighbor in its whole extent.

Dieu
Le Seigneur est l'amour lui-même, exprimé sous la forme de la sagesse elle-même. L'amour, donc, est Son essence, Son plus profond. La sagesse - la...

armées
Armies of the heavens and the sands of the sea ('Jeremiah 33:15-22') signify the knowledges of truth and good in the spiritual and natural ma{ign21}

d'israël
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Plein
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iniquité
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temps
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or
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main
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Terre
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Nations
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vin
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est tombée
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baume
Balm signifies the truth of exterior natural good, and its pleasantness.

douleur
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nous
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flèches
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rois
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temple
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eaux
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trésors
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juré
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remplis
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monde
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voix
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bruit
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vanité
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visitation
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nom
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guerre
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cheval
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monté
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l'homme
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homme
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femme
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garçon
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vierge
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les gouverneurs
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caldée
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voyant
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montagne
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pierre
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trompette
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royaumes
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chevaux
'A horse' signifies knowledges or understanding of the Word. In an opposite sense it signifies the understanding of the Word falsified by reasonings, and likewise...

habite
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femmes
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barres
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rencontre
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roi
The human mind is composed of two parts, a will and an understanding, a seat of loves and affections, and a seat of wisdom and...

ville
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feu
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fille
"Behold I have two daughters,” etc. (Gen. 19:8), signifies the affections of good and truth, and the blessedness perceivable from the enjoyment thereof, by those...

moisson
'A harvest' symbolizes the state of the church with respect to Divine truth. The reason is that a harvest yields the grain used to make...

rempli
'To satiate' relates to the extent of a person's will, for good or evil.

sang
Bloods signify evil, in Ezek. 16:9.

jérusalem
Jerusalem first comes to or attention in II Samuel, chapter 5 where King David takes it from the Jebusites and makes it his capital. In...

vengeance
'To be avenged seventy and seven fold' denotes damnation.

mer
Water generally represents what Swedenborg calls “natural truth,” or true concepts about day-to-day matters and physical things. Since all water ultimately flows into the seas,...

lions
'A lion' signifies the good of celestial love and the truth from that good.

sommeil
In a general sense, sleeping in the Bible represents a state of obscurity about spiritual matters, a state in which you are not recognizing things...

perpétuel
'Perpetual' in the literal sense, means to the end of one’s life, after death, and eternity.

descendre
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villes
Cities of the mountain and cities of the plain (Jer. 33:13) signify doctrines of charity and faith.

fils
'A son,' as in Genesis 5:28, signifies the rise of a new church. 'Son,' as in Genesis 24:3, signifies the Lord’s rationality regarding good. 'A...

d'homme
'A husbandman,' as mentioned in Amos 5:16, signifies the man of the church, because 'field' signifies the church regarding the implantation of truth. 'A husbandman,'...

Bel
Bel (Isa. 46:1) signifies the profanation of truth.

bouche
In most cases, "mouth" in the Bible represents thought and logic, especially the kind of active, concrete thought that is connected with speech. The reason...

milieu
'Middle' denotes what is primary, principal, or inmost.

colère
'Wrath,' as in Genesis 49:7, signifies aversion from truth. 'Great wrath,' as in Revelation 12:12, signifies hatred against the new church.

peur
The fearful signify people who have no faith.

après
'A hind,' as mentioned in Genesis 49:21, signifies the affection of natural truth.

images
'Images' denote things fashioned from man’s own intelligence.

honteux
To be ashamed (Gen 2:25) signifies to be in evil

tomber
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "fall" is highly dependent on context in regular language, and is highly dependent on context in a spiritual...

épée
A 'sword,' in the Word, signifies the truth of faith combating and the vastation of truth. In an opposite sense, it signifies falsity combating and...

souvenez
'To remember,' as in Genesis 41:9, signifies conjunction. 'Remembering' denotes conjunction because the remembrance of anyone in the other life joins them together, because as...

mais
A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

reproches
To revile something – or "reproach," as it is often translated – represents making a direct and deliberate attack on what is spiritually true, in...

couvert
The "high mountains being covered " (Gen. 7:19) signifies that all the good things of charity were extin­guished.

étrangers
In Ezekiel 28:7, 'strangers' signify falsities which destroy truths, and 'the terrible of the nations,' evils which destroy good.

maison
A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

venu
As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “come” in the Bible is highly dependent on context – its meaning is determined largely by...

pris
"Catching" is used in a variety of ways in the Bible, both positive and negative. Thieves get caught; the Egyptians caught up with the Children...

rendre
'To repay' denotes making amends by truth.

portes
"Gates" in ancient times had a significance that does not hold in the modern world. Cities then were enclosed by walls for protection; gates in...

ordre
To command is to give an order that something must be done, and is directed to an individual, or a group. It is an imperative,...

Jérémie
Jeremiah, in the Book of Jeremiah 1:1 and what follows, represents the Lord. (Arcana Coelestia 2838 [2]). In Jeremiah 13:7, he signifies the state of...

prophète
The idea of a "prophet" is very closely tied to the idea of the Bible itself, since the Bible was largely written by prophets. At...

Quatrième
The number "four" in the Bible represents things being linked together or joined. This is partly because four is two times two, and two represents...

Règne
To reign,' as in Revelation 5, signifies being in truths and goods, and so in power, from the Lord, to resist evils and falsities which...

un
A company might have executives setting policy and strategy, engineers designing products, line workers building them, managers handling personnel and others handling various functions. They...

livre
(Rev. 10:9.) "And I went unto the angel, saying, give me the little book," signifies the faculty of perceiving the quality of the Word from...

venir
Coming (Gen. 41:14) denotes communication by influx.

vue
The symbolic meaning of "seeing" is "understanding," which is obvious enough that it has become part of common language (think about it; you might see...

parlé
Like "say," the word "speak" refers to thoughts and feelings moving from our more internal spiritual levels to our more external ones – and ultimately...

la bête
"Beasts" represent the affection for doing good things, a true desire to do them from the heart. In the negative sense, "beasts" stand for the...

l'euphrate
The river Euphrates signifies, in Psalms 80:9, 10, signifies the sensual and scientific principle.

Euphrate
The river Euphrates signifies, in Psalms 80:9, 10, signifies the sensual and scientific principle.

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Arcanes Célestes # 1327

Arcanes Célestes (Le Boys des Guays traduction)      

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1327. Jéhovah confondit la lèvre de toute la terre, signifie l'état de cette Eglise Ancienne, dans laquelle le culte interne commençait à se détruire : c'est ce qui est évident, en ce qu'il est dit : la lèvre de toute la terre, et non ; comme au verset 1, la lèvre de ceux qui avaient commencé de bâtir la ville et la tour ; la face de toute la terre signifie l'état de l'Eglise, car la terre c'est l'Eglise, comme je l'ai déjà expliqué, numéros 662, 1066. Voici ce qui arriva à l'égard des Eglises après le déluge. Il y eut trois Eglises dont il est spécialement fait mention dans la Parole, savoir : la Première Eglise Ancienne, qui fut nommée Noach ; la Seconde Eglise Ancienne, qui tira son nom d'Eber ; et la Troisième Eglise Ancienne, qui prit son nom de Jacob, et ensuite de Judah et d'Israël. Quant à ce qui concerne la Première Eglise, savoir, celle qui fut nommée Noach, elle fut comme la mère de celles qui suivirent ; et selon ce qui a coutume d'arriver aux Eglises dans leurs commencements, elle eut plus de pureté et d'innocence, comme on le voit aussi par le premier Verset de ce Chapitre, où il est dit qu'il y avait en elle une seule lèvre, c'est-à-dire une même doctrine, en ce sens que la charité était pour tous l'essentiel ; mais par succession de temps, ainsi qu'il arrive ordinairement aux Eglises, elle commença aussi à tomber, et surtout en ce que plusieurs de ceux qui la composaient commencèrent à tourner le culte sur eux-mêmes pour s'élever ainsi au-dessus des autres, comme on le voit ci-dessus, Vers. 4 ; car ils dirent :

« Bâtissons-nous une ville et une tour, et que son sommet » soit dans le ciel, et faisons-nous un nom. de tels hommes ne purent être dans l'Eglise que comme une sorte de ferment ou comme des torches incendiaires. Lorsque par là le danger de la profanation de la sainteté, dont j'ai parlé numéros 571, 582, fut imminent, l'état de cette Eglise fut changé par la Providence du Seigneur, c'est-à-dire que son culte interne périt et que le culte externe resta, ce qui est signifié ici par ces mots : Jéhovah confondit la lèvre de toute la terre. De là il est évident aussi qu'un tel culte, qui est appelé Babel, n'eut point de force dans la Première Eglise Ancienne, mais qu'il prévalut dans les Eglises suivantes, lorsqu'on commença à adorer les hommes comme des Dieux, surtout après leur mort ; de là tant de Dieux chez les nations. Pourquoi fut-il permis que le culte interne périt et que l'externe restât ? Ce fut pour qu'il n'y eut pas profanation de la sainteté. La profanation de la sainteté entraîne avec soi à damnation éternelle. Nul ne peut profaner la sainteté, à moins qu'il n'ait les connaissances de la foi et qu'il ne les reconnaisse ; or celui qui ne les a point ne peut les reconnaître, ni à plus forte raison les profaner. Ce sont les internes qui peuvent être profanés ; car la sainteté est dans les internes et non dans les externes il en est de cela comme d'un homme qui fait le mal sans penser au mal ; le mal qu'il fait ne peut lui être imputé, de même qu'on ne peut l'imputer non plus à celui qui le fait sans propos délibéré, ou à celui qui manque de rationalité : ainsi celui qui ne croit pas qu'il existe une vie après la mort, mais qui a néanmoins un culte externe, ne peut profaner les choses qui appartiennent à la vie éternelle, parce qu'il ne croit pas qu'elles existent. Il en est autrement pour ceux qui connaissent et qui reconnaissent. Voilà aussi pourquoi il est permis à l'homme de vivre plutôt dans les voluptés et dans les cupidités, et de s'éloigner par elles des internes, que d'arriver à la connaissance et à la reconnaissance des internes et de les profaner. C'est pour cela qu'il est permis aux Juifs de se plonger aujourd'hui dans l'avarice, pour qu'ils s'éloignent ainsi le plus possible de la reconnaissance des internes ; car ils sont tels que s'ils les reconnaissaient, il ne pourraient s'empêcher de profaner : rien n'éloigne plus des internes que l'avarice, parce que c'est la plus basse cupidité terrestre. Il en est de même d'un grand nombre de personnes qui sont dans l'Eglise, et il en est aussi de même des nations qui sont hors de l'Eglise ; celles-ci, savoir, les nations, peuvent moins que tous autres profaner. C'est donc par cette raison qu'il est dit ici que Jéhovah confondit la lèvre de toute la terre ; et que ces mots signifient qu'il y eut dans cette Eglise un changement d'état, c'est-à-dire que son culte devint externe sans renfermer en lui aucun culte interne. La même chose fut représentée et signifiée par la captivité de Babylone où furent emmenés les Israélites et ensuite les Juifs ; il en est ainsi parlé dans Jérémie :

« Et il arrivera que la nation et le royaume qui ne serviraient pas le roi de Babel, et quiconque ne met pas son cou sous le joug du roi de Babel, je visiterai cette nation par l'épée, et par la famine, et par la peste, jusqu'à ce que je les consumé par sa main. » - Jérémie 27:8, , , , , ; , , Jérémie 29:16-17.

Rester dans la ville et n'en point sortir pour aller vers le roi de Babel, représentait et signifiait ceux qui étaient dans les connaissances des internes ou des vérités de la foi et qui les profanaient ; il est dit que l'épée, la famine et la peste, qui sont les peines de la profanation, seraient envoyées centre eux, et qu'ils deviendraient comme des figues sauvages. Que par Babel soient signifiés ceux qui privent les autres de toute connaissance et de toute reconnaissance du vrai, c'est aussi ce qui a été représenté et signifié dans le même Prophète par ces paroles :

« Je livrerai tout Juda dans la main du roi de Babel ; et il les transportera dans Babel, et il les frappera de l'épée ; et je livrerai toutes les richesses de cette ville, et tout son travail, et tout ce qu'elle a de précieux, et tous les trésors des rois de Juda ; je (les) livrerai dans la main de leurs ennemis, et ils les pilleront, et ils s'en empareront. » - Jérémie 20:4-5.

Là, toutes les richesses, tout le travail, tout ce qu'il y a de précieux, tous les trésors des rois de Juda, signifient, dans le sens interne, les connaissances de la foi.

Dans le Même :

« J'amènerai avec les familles du septentrion le roi de Babel sur cette terre, et » sur ses habitants et sur toutes ces nations des environs, et je les dévouerai à l'extermination, et je les mettrai en désolation, et en sifflement et en dévastations du siècle ; et toute cette terre sera en dévastation. » - Jérémie 25:9, 11.

Ici est décrite la dévastation par Babel des intérieurs de la foi ou du culte interne ; car celui qui est dans le culte de soi-même n'a aucun vrai de la foi, et il détruit, dévaste et conduit en captivité tout ce qui est vrai ; aussi Babel est-elle appelée montagne de corruption, - Jérémie 51:25.

Voir en outre ce qui a déjà été dit de Babel, numéro 1182.

(Odkazy: Genèse 11:7)


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Odkazy z vydaných prací:

Arcanes Célestes 1363, 2049, 2051, 2115, 2383, 2426, 2520, 2799, 2868, 2897, 2913, 2986, 3031, 3079, 3380, 3398, 3542, 3708, 3727, 3757, 3898, 3901, 4031, 4289, 4447, 4601, 4744, 4874, 5044, 5128, 6348, 6959, 8882, 8902, 8904, 9298, 10227, 10287

The Last Judgment 54

La Nouvelle Jérusalem et sa Doctrine Céleste 172, 246, 247


Odkazy z nepublikovaných prací E. Swedenborga:

Apocalypse Explained 104, 1029

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Bible

 

Ésaïe 21:1

French: Martin (1744)         

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1 La charge du désert de la mer. Il vient du désert, de la terre épouvantable, comme des Tourbillons qui s'élèvent au pays du Midi, pour traverser.

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Explanation of Isaiah 21      

Napsal(a) Rev. John H. Smithson

THE EXPLANATION of Isaiah Chapter 21

(Note: Rev. Smithson's translation of the Isaiah text is appended below the explanation)

1. THE burden of the desert of the sea. Like the whirlwinds of the south rushing along; from the desert he cometh, from the terrible land.

2. A grievous vision is revealed unto me: the treacherous deals treacherously, and the spoiler spoils! Go up, O Elam; besiege,

O Media! I have made all her sighing to cease.

VERSE 1. As to the meaning of "burden", see Chapter 13:1, the Exposition.

The desert of the sea:The "sea" signifies a gathering together, or a collection of scientifics from which come reasonings concerning Truth; the "sea" also 'signifies the natural and sensual principles, for these are the things which contain. Truth in the natural or external man is Truth in science, and the knowledges of Truth in the external or natural man are called scientifics; whereas Truth in the spiritual or internal man is Truth in faith. For by virtue of Truth, science is made truth in faith, when it is elevated out of the natural or external into the spiritual or internal. Hence it is that truths appertaining to a man in childhood, are truths in science; but in adult age, if he suffers himself to be regenerated, they become truths in faith, for the internal man is successively opened even to that age. The ground and reason 'why" sea" denotes the gathering together of scientifics, is, because" waters", "fountains", and "rivers" signify truths, 'hence their being gathered together denotes "seas." That this is the case, is also manifest from the passages ill the Word where mention is made of the "sea" or "seas", as in David :

"The earth is Jehovah's, and the fulness thereof; the world, and they that dwell therein. He has founded it upon the seas, and upon the rivers He has established it." (Psalm 24:1, 2)

Where the "earth" and the "world" denote the church; the "seas" upon which He has founded the world, are cientific truths; the "rivers" upon which He has established it, are the truths of faith. That the earth, world, seas, and rivers are not there meant, is evident; for the world is not founded upon the seas, nor established upon rivers. Many passages might be adduced in proof of the spiritual signification of "sea", when mentioned in the Word; but there is space only for one from Jeremiah:

"The sea came up over Babel; by the multitude of the waves thereof she was covered. The cities thereof are reduced to desolation." (Jeremiah 51:42, 43) "Babel" denotes worship which in externals appears holy, but in internals is profane. (See above, Chapter 13 and 14, the Exposition.) The "sea coming over Babel" denotes the false grounded in scientifics, and hence denials; the "cities which are reduced to desolation" are doctrinals. Arcana Coelestia 9755.

As to the spiritual signification of "sea", see above, Chapter 11:9 and 15, the Exposition; also below, Chapter 57:20.

Like the whirlwinds of the south rushing alonq, etc. - the winds which exist in the spiritual world appear to arise there from different quarters, some from the south, some from the north, and some from the east. Those which are from the south disperse truths with those who are in falsities, and those which are from the east disperse goods with those who are in evils. The reason of the winds dispersing them, is, because winds exist from a strong and powerful influx of the Divine through the heavens into the lower parts of the spiritual world, and here the influx comes, it fills truths and goods, that is the minds; both, internal [mentes] and external [animos] of those who are in Truths and Goods, with the Divine; wherefore they, in whom the interiors of the mind [mens] and of the animus are merely falsities, and outwardly truths mixed with falsities and goods mixed with evils, cannot sustain such influx from the Divine, whence they betake themselves into their own falsities and evils which they love, and reject the truths and goods which they do not love, except for the sake of self and, for the sake of appearances. Apocalypse Explained 419. See also above, Chap, Isaiah 17:13, the Exposition.

From the desert, from the terrible land. - [These words depict the church as devastated by Babylon, or by dominion grounded in self-love. (See Chap, xiii. and xiv., the Exposition.) The church is a desert when its truths are falsified and perverted, and a terrible land when its goods are adulterated and profaned. The "vision" of such a land is, indeed, grievous.]

Verses 1, 6, 7, 9. The burden of the desert of the sea, etc. - The "desert of the sea "signifies the vanity of those scientific things [or more knowledges], which are acquired not for the purposes of use [to the spiritual life]. The "chariot of asses" signifies a heap of particular scientifics, and a "chariot of camels" a heap of general scieutifics, which are in the natural man. The vain reasonings which are with those who are signified .by "Babel", (verse 9.) are thus described. Arcana Coelestia 3048.

Verse 2. A grievous vision is revealed unto me, etc. - See Chap, Isaiah 1:1, the Exposition, as to the true nature of the "visions" of the prophets.

The treacherous dealetlh treacherously, etc. - To act "treacherously", or perfidiously, is to act against revealed. Truths; [and to "spoil" is to act against what is Good.] Apocalypse Explained 710.

Go up, O Elam; besiege, O Media! - That by "Elam" is signified the science which is of the natural man, is evident from those passages in the Word where "Elam" is named, as in Jeremiah "Behold, I will break the bow of Elam; the chief of their might." (Jeremiah 49:35)

By "Elam" is understood the science which is of the natural man, and hence his trust; by his "bow" is signified his science, from which, as from doctrine, he fights; by "the chief of his might" is signified his trust. For science is of no avail [to salvation] unless it serve the rational and spiritual man. Apocalypse Explained 357.

By "Elam", in a good sense [when the science or knowledge of Truth is made to serve the spiritual man], is signified faith from charity, as is evident from the essence of the internal church. The internal church is that with which charity is the principle from which it thinks and acts. The first offspring of charity is faith, for from this, and from no other source is faith. Thus it is said "I will set My throne in Elam, and will destroy from thence the king and the princes, says the Lord; and I will bring again the captivity of Elam:" (Jeremiah 49:38, 39)

And in Isaiah:

"Go up, O Elam; besiege, O Media!" (Isaiah 21:2)

In which passage the devastation of the church by Babel, is treated of, which: devastation is signified by "the treacherous dealing treacherously, and the spoiler spoiling. ". "Elam" there is the internal church, and "Media" the external, or external worship in which is internal. That" Media." [or Madai] is such a church, or such a worship, is evident from Genesis 10:2, where he is called "the son of Japheth." Arcana Coelestia 1228.

3. Therefore are my loins filled with pain; pangs have seized me, as the pangs of a woman ill travail: I am so bent down, that I cannot hear; I am so dismayed, that I cannot see.

Verse 3. Speaking of the last state of the church; when the Truths and Goods thereof cannot be received, except with much painful effort, by reason of the evils and falsities which then hinder. The "loins", which are said to be "filled with pain", signify the marriage of Good and Truth, from which is heaven and the church; which are said to be "filled with pain" when Truth cannot be conjoined with Good. Those hindrances therefore are signified by "the pangs, as of a woman in travail, which have seized her." Apocalypse Explained 721. See also above, Chapter 13:6-8, the Exposition.

4. My heart is bewildered; terror has affrighted me: the night of my pleasure has he turned into horror unto me.

Verse 4. [These words depict the consternation of those who, at the time of judgment, are in merely natural or external good, without an internal spiritual principle. This merely natural good they had assumed for selfish purposes in the world, and for the sake of appearance; but at the judgment it is taken away, and they are left to the horror of their own states.]

5. The table is prepared, the watch is set; they eat, they drink: arise, O you princes; anoint the shield!

Verse 5. Arise, O you princes; anoint the shield!- The reason why the "weapons of warfare" were anointed, was, because they signified truths fighting against falsities; and as truths from good are what prevail against falsities, and not truths without good, wherefore the weapons were "anointed with oil", which signifies good. On which account the "arms of war" represented the truths by which the Lord combats with man against falsities from evil, which are from hell.

Apocalypse Explained 315. See also Arcana Coelestia 9954; Apocalypse Revealed 779.

6. For thus has the Lord said unto me, Go, station a watchman; whatever he shall see, let him declare.

7. And he saw a chariot with a couple of horsemen, a chariot of asses, and a chariot of camels; and he observed diligently with extreme diligence:

Verses 6-9. The subject here treated of is concerning the advent of the Lord, and concerning a New Church on the occasion. By "a lion upon the watch-tower", is signified the guard and providence of the Lord; wherefore it is said "I stand continually upon the watch-tower, and on my ward have I continued whole nights." By "a chariot with a couple of horsemen", is signified the doctrine of Truth from the Word; and by "hearkening" [or observing], is signified a life according thereto. That a "chariot" signifies the doctrine of Truth, may be seen, Arcana Coelestia 2760, 2762, 5321.

That "horseman" signifies the Word as to understanding, may be seen, Arcana Coelestia 2760, 6401, 6534. Apocalypse Explained 278.

8. And he cried out, A Lion! O my lord, I stand continually upon the watch-tower, and on my ward have I continued whole nights:

Verse 8. That a "lion" signifies the Good of celestial love, and hence Truth in its power, and that, in the opposite sense, it signifies the evil of self-love in its power, may be demonstrated from those passages in the Word where a "lion" is mentioned. Arcana Coelestia 6367.

9. And, behold, here cometh a chariot of men, with a couple of horsemen. And he answered and said, Babylon is fallen! is fallen! and all the graven images of her gods he has broken to the ground.

Verse 9. Babylon is fallen! is fallen! and all the graven imaqes of her gods he has broken to the ground-As to the signification of "Babylon", see above, Chapter xiii. and xiv., the Exposition.

By "graven images" are signified the doctrines which are formed from man's own intelligence, and not from the Word. Arcana Coelestia 8869. See below, Chapter 40:19, 20, the Exposition; also above, Chapter 2:20.

It ought to be known that the church becomes a Babylon when charity and faith cease, and the love of self begins to rule in theirstead; for this love, in proportion as it is unchecked, rushed on, aiming to domineer not only over all which it can subject to itself on earth, but even over heaven; nor does it rest there, but it chmbs the very throne of God, and transfers to itself His Divine Power. That it did this even before the Lord's coming, appears from chapters xiii, and xiv., explained above. But the "Babylon" there treated of was destroyed by the Lord when He was in the world, as well by those who constituted it being reduced to mere idolators, as by a last Judgment upon them in the spiritual world, which is understood by the prophetic sayings that "Lucifer", who there is Babylon, "was cast into hell", and that "Babylon has fallen"; and moreover by "the writing on the wall", and "the death of Belshazzar"; and also by "the stone hewn from the rock", which destroyed the statue of which Nebuchadnezzar dreamed. But the "Babylon" treated of in the Apocalypse is the Babylon of this day, which arose after the Lord's coming, and is known to be amongst the Papists. This Babylon is more pernicious and more abominable than that whlch existed before the Lord's coming, because it profanes the interior truths and goods of the church, which the Lord revealed to the world when He revealed Himself. How pernicious, and how inwardly abominable modern Babylon is, may appear from the description given of It above, P. 163. L. J. 54, 55.

10. O my threshing, and the son of my floor! what I have heard from Jehovah of Hosts, the God of Israel, that I have declared unto you.

Verse 10. "Threshing" signifies [when predicated of Judgment] to dissipate evils, Apocalypse Explained 316.

["The son [or chaff] of my floor" denotes the falsities in connection with the evils to be dissipated. Hence the process of Judgment is described by "the winnower's fan", and by "purging the threshing-floor." Matthew 3:12. See Chapter 5:1, note.]

Jehovah of Hosts, the God of Israel. - That "the God of Israel" is the Lord as to the Divine Human, is, because they who are of the spiritual church have natural ideas concerning. everything spiritual and celestial, and also concerning the Divne Being Himself; wherefore unless they thought of the Divine Being as of a Natural Man, they could not be conjoined to Him by anything of affection. For if they did not think of the Divine Being as of a Natural Man, they would either have no ideas or enormous ideas concerning Him, and would thus defile what is Divine. Hence it is that by "the God of Israel" is understood the Lord as to the Divine Human, and indeed as to the Divine Natural. Arcana Coelestia 7091.

11. The burden of Dumah. He calls unto me from Seir, Watchman, what of the night?Watchman, what of the night?

Verse 11. The sons of Ishmael were Nebajoth, the first-born, Kedar, Abdeel, Mibsam, Mishma, Dumah, Massa, Hadar, Tema, Jetur, Naphish, and Kedemah. (See Genesis 25:13, 14)

That these signify all things of the spiritual church, especially among the Gentiles, is evident from this representatlon of those who are here named; some of them are mentioned In the Word, especially in the Prophets, as Nebajoth, Kedar, Dumah, and Tema, and there they signify such things as are of the spiritual church, especially among the Gentiles. This also "appears from this, that there were twelve of them; and by "twelve are signified all things of faith, thus of the church. The reason why by those nations are signified the things which are of the spiritual church, is, because the ancient church, which was amongst them, was the spiritual church. (See Arcana Coelestia 1238, 2385)

But although their doctrinals and rituals were various, nevertheless, they formed one church, because they did not make faith but charity the essential. But in process of time, as charity ceased, that of the church which was arnongst them became nothing; there remained, however, a representative of the church from them, with a variety [of signification] according to that of the church which had been amongst them. Hence it is that when these people are named in the Word, [as in Isaiah 21:11, 14; 60:6, 7.] they themselves are not meant, but only that of the church which had been amongst them is signified by them. Arcana Coelestia 3268.

[By "Dumah", therefore, are signified all such in the church as are in simple good, or, well-disposed, but who are without truths; and they are here exhorted "to inquire and to come" to the church, and thus to be instructed in truths.]

Verses 11, 12. By a "watchman", in an internal sense, is meant one who observes the internal states of the church and its changes, thus every prophet is a watchman. By "night" is understood the last state of the church; by "morning", its first state. By "Seir", from which the watchman cried, is signified the illumination of the Gentiles who are in darkness; that "Seir" has this signification, may be seen demonstrated in Arcana Coelestia 4240; and that "night" is the last state of the church, see above, Chapter 15:1, the Exposition. "The morning cometh, and also the night", signifies that the men of the New Church have illumination, whilst those of the Old have night. .Arcana Coelestia 10134. See also Apocalypse Explained 179.

12. The watchman said, The morning cometh, and also the night. If you will inquire, inquire you: return, come.

Verse 12. The morning cometh, and also the night, etc. - When the light of Truth does not appear, and the Truth is not received, there is a state of. the church like evening and night; but when the light of Truth appears, and the Truth is received, there is a state of the church in the world like morning and day. Hence it is that these two states of the church are called "evening" and "morning", and "night" and "day" in the Word, as might be proved from many passages. Since such things are understood by "evening" find "morning", therefore the Lord, in order to fulfil the Word, was also buried in the evening, and rose again in the morning. Con. L. J. 13.

13. The burden of Arabia. In the forest at night shall you lodge, O you [travelling] companies of Dedanim.

14. To meet the thirsty bring you forth water, O you inhabitants of the land of Tema; with bread come before the fugitive.

Verses 13, 14. To "lodge at night in the forest", is, as said of Arabia, to be desolate as to good; for "Arabia", in a good sense, signifies those who are in celestial things, that is, who are in the, goods of faith; but to "spend the night in a forest" there, signifies to be no longer in these goods. Hence the desolation which is also described by "fleeing from the face of swords, and from the face of the drawn sword", etc. (Verse 15.) The celestial things that is, the goods of faith, or what is the same thing, the works of charity which they have [or ought to have], are signified by "bringing forth water to the thirsty, and coming with bread before the fugitive." Arcana Coelestia 3240.

Verses 13-15. To "spend the night in the forest", when predicated of the "companies of Dedanim", who are those that are in knowledges, (see Arcana Coelestia 3240, 3241) is to be devastated as to Truth. The "inhabitants of the land of Tema" signify those who are in simple Good, as is the case with the well-disposed Gentiles, who, as is evident, were from Tema the soil of Ishmael. "Kedar" stands for those who are in simple Truth, of whom it is said that " they shall flee from the face of swords, and from the face of the grievous war", by which is signified that they will not sustain the combats of temptations, because no longer in Good. Arcana Coelestia 3268.

15. For from the face of swords shall they flee: from the face of the drawn sword; and from the face of the bended bow; and from the face of the grievous war.

16. For thus has the Lord said unto me, Within a year, as the years of a hireling, shall all the glory of Kedar be consumed;

17. And the remainder of the number of the bows of the mighty sons of Kedar shall be diminished: for Jehovah the God of Israel has spoken it.

Verse 15. By a "sword", in the above passage, is signified Truth combating and destroying; this destruction appears especially in the spiritual world, where they who are in falsities cannot sustain the Truth, but are in a state of anguish, as if they struggled with death, when they come into the sphere of light, that is, into the sphere of Divine Truth; and thus also they are deprived of truths, and devastated. As most expressions in the Word have also an opposite sense, so likewise has the "sword", and in that sense it signifies the false combating against Truth, and destroying it. Apocalypse Explained 131.

Verses 15-17. The subject here treated of, in the spiritual sense, is concerning the knowledges of Good, that they would perish, and that few would remain. By " Kedar", or Arabia, are signified those who are in the knowledges of Good, and, abstractedly, those knowledges themselves. That the knowledges of Truth would perish by falsities and by the doctrine of the false, is signified by "they shall flee from the face of swords, from the face of the drawn sword; and from the face of the bended bow"; the "sword" is the false combating and destroying, and the "bow" is the doctrine of the false. That the knowledges of Good would perish, is signified by these words:

"Because of the grievousness of the war, shall all the glory of Kedar be cousumed"; "the grievousness of war" denoting the state of assault [or temptation], and "all the glory of Kedar being consumed" denotes devastation. And that few knowledges would remain, is described by "the remainder of the number of the bows of the mighty sons of Kedar shall be diminished"; the "bow of the mighty" denoting the doctrine of Truth, derived from knowledges which prevail against falsities. Apocalypse Explained 357.

Verse 16. As the years of a hireling. - See above, Chap, xvi, l4, the Exposition.


---
Isaiah Chapter 21

1. THE burden of the desert of the sea. Like the whirlwinds of the south rushing along; from the desert he cometh, from the terrible land.

2. A grievous vision is revealed unto me: the treacherous deals treacherously, and the spoiler spoils! Go up, O Elam; besiege,

O Media! I have made all her sighing to cease.

3. Therefore are my loins filled with pain; pangs have seized me, as the pangs of a woman in travail: I am so bent down, that I cannot hear; I am so dismayed, that I cannot see.

4. My heart is bewildered; terror has frightened me: the night of my pleasure has he turned into horror unto me.

5. The table is prepared, the watch is set; they eat, they drink: arise, O you princes; anoint the shield!

6. For thus has the Lord said unto me, Go, station a watchman; whatever he shall see, let him declare.

7. And he saw a chariot with a couple of horsemen, a chariot of asses, and a chariot of camels; and he observed diligently with extreme diligence:

8. And he cried out, A Lion! O my lord, I stand continually upon the watch-tower, and on my ward have I continued whole nights:

9. And, behold, here cometh a chariot of men, with a couple of horsemen. And he answered and said, Babylon is fallen! is fallen! and all the graven images of her gods he has broken to the ground.

10. O my threshing, and the son of my floor! what I have heard from Jehovah of Hosts, the God of Israel, that I have declared unto you.

11. The burden of Dumah. He calls unto me from Seir, Watchman, what of the night?Watchman, what of the night?

12. The watchman said, The morning cometh, and also the night. If you will inquire, inquire you: return, come.

13. The burden of Arabia. In the forest at night shall you lodge, O you [travelling] companies of Dedanim.

14. To meet the thirsty bring you forth water, O you inhabitants of the land of Tema; with bread come before the fugitive.

15. For from the face of swords shall they flee: from the face of the drawn sword; and from the face of the bended bow; and from the face of the grievous war.

16. For thus has the Lord said unto me, Within a year, as the years of a hireling, shall all the glory of Kedar be consumed;

17. And the remainder of the number of the bows of the mighty sons of Kedar shall be diminished: for Jehovah the God of Israel has spoken it.

Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

The Inner Meaning of the Prophets and Psalms 21


Další odkazy Swedenborga k tomuto verši:

Arcanes Célestes 1228, 2708, 3048, 5321, 9642

Skočit na podobné biblické verše

Emploi 37:9

Ésaïe 13:1, 13, 14:1, 14, 47:1

Jérémie 51:1, 51

Vysvětlení slova/fráze

Charge
A burden (Jer. 17:4) signifies that which is from the proprium of man.

désert
'Wilderness' signifies something with little life in it, as described in the internal sense in Luke 1:80 'Wilderness' signifies somewhere there is no good because...

mer
Water generally represents what Swedenborg calls “natural truth,” or true concepts about day-to-day matters and physical things. Since all water ultimately flows into the seas,...

vient
As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “come” in the Bible is highly dependent on context – its meaning is determined largely by...

Terre
Generally in the Bible a "country" means a political subdivision ruled by a king, or sometimes a tribe with a territory ruled by a king...

pays
Generally in the Bible a "country" means a political subdivision ruled by a king, or sometimes a tribe with a territory ruled by a king...

midi
'South' denotes truth in light.

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 Before the Advent
Article | Ages 15 - 17


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