Amos 1

French: Martin (1744)         

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1 Les paroles d'Amos, qui était d'entre les bergers de Tékoah, lesquelles [il entendit] dans une vision touchant Israël, du temps d'Hozias Roi de Juda, et de Jéroboam fils de Joas, Roi d'Israël, deux ans avant le tremblement de terre.

2 Il dit donc : L'Eternel rugira de Sion, et fera ouïr sa voix de Jérusalem, et les cabanes des bergers lamenteront, et le sommet de Carmel séchera.

3 Ainsi a dit l'Eternel : à cause de trois crimes de Damas, même à cause de quatre, je ne rappellerai point cela, [mais je le ferai] parce qu'ils ont froissé Galaad avec des herses de fer.

4 Et j'enverrai le feu à la maison de Hazaël, et il dévorera le palais de Benhadad.

5 Je briserai aussi la barre de Damas, et j'exterminerai de Bikhath-aven ses habitants, et de la maison d'Héden celui qui y tient le sceptre; et le peuple de Syrie sera transporté à Kir, a dit l'Eternel.

6 Ainsi a dit l'Eternel : à cause de trois crimes de Gaza, même à cause de quatre, je ne rappellerai point cela; [mais je le ferai] parce qu'ils ont transporté ceux [de Juda] en une captivité entière, jusqu'à les livrer à Edom.

7 Et j'enverrai le feu à la muraille de Gaza, et il dévorera ses palais.

8 Et j'exterminerai d'Asdod ses habitants, et d'Askélon celui qui y tient le sceptre; puis je tournerai ma main sur Hékron, et le reste des Philistins périra, a dit le Seigneur l'Eternel.

9 Ainsi a dit l'Eternel : à cause de trois crimes de Tyr, même à cause de quatre, je ne rappellerai point cela, [mais je le ferai] parce qu'ils ont livré ceux de Juda en une captivité entière à Edom, et ne se sont point souvenus de l'alliance fraternelle.

10 Et j'enverrai le feu à la muraille de Tyr, et il dévorera ses palais.

11 Ainsi a dit l'Eternel : à cause de trois crimes d'Edom, même à cause de quatre, je ne rappellerai point cela; [mais je le ferai] parce qu'il a poursuivi son frère avec l'épée, et qu'il a altéré ses compassions, et que sa colère déchire continuellement, et qu'il garde sa fureur à toujours.

12 Et j'enverrai le feu en Téman, et il dévorera les palais de Botsra.

13 Ainsi a dit l'Eternel : à cause de trois crimes des enfants de Hammon, même à cause de quatre, je ne rappellerai point cela; [mais je le ferai] parce que pour élargir leurs bornes ils ont fendu en Galaad le ventre des femmes enceintes.

14 Et j'allumerai le feu, avec alarme au jour de la bataille, avec tourbillon au jour de la tempête, en la muraille de Rabba, et il dévorera ses palais.

15 Et leur Roi ira en captivité, et avec lui les principaux de son pays, a dit l'Eternel.

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Exploring the Meaning of Amos 1      

By Rev. George McCurdy

The Internal Meaning of Amos, Chapter 1.

Verses 1-2 describe the Lord teaching us about the Word and doctrine from the Word. In this book of the Bible, the prophet Amos symbolizes the Lord. Amos was a shepherd, and of course that metaphor is used to describe the Lord Jesus Christ, too, in the New Testament.

The book of Amos describes the Lord's anger and impatience with the Children of Israel - in the literal sense. Inside, though, it is really a story of the Lord’s great love and concern for us. This is a book of promise: The Lord will triumph over hell’s quest to dominate us and destroy the gift of salvation. This victory is not an occasional interest of the Lord’s; He has an “ardent zeal” to protect us.

In verse 2, the roaring of the Lord from Zion and the uttering of His voice from Jerusalem teach us several things about Him in this context:
- He has grievous distress for His church and people.
- He has an ardent zeal for protecting heaven and the church.
- He warns of coming vastations.
- He points to the drying up of our “Mount Carmel” and the effects this will have on our “vineyards.”

There are different ways to destroy true ideas and good loves. Verses 3-15 in this chapter describe the different ways that people do this.

Verses 3-5 are talking about people who pervert knowledges from the Word, knowledges which help us form true, useful doctrine. When people successfully corrupt knowledge from the Word, they also undermine the good that would come from that knowledge. But, these people will perish, spiritually.

Verses 6-8 describe people who apply the Word to create or reinforce heretical false ideas. That's not a good thing to do; they will perish, too.

Verses 9-10 address people who pervert knowledges [cognitiones] of good and truth, and thereby injure the external sense of the Word.

Verses 11-12 are about people who pervert the sense of the letter of the Word by falsity, by which doctrine perishes.

Finally, verses 13-15 describe people who falsify the truths of the sense of the letter of the Word: they do not resist in the day of combat, but destroy the truth of doctrine.

What are we to make of this? One take-away is that the Lord loves us, and wants to protect us. Another is that he wants us to carefully read the Word and seek the truths in it - those in the literal sense, and those in the internal sense. From these we should form sound doctrine, and develop good loves that can be built on true ideas.

For further reading, see Arcana Coelestia 2606, 10325, and The Inner Meaning of the Prophets and Psalms 201.


Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcanes Célestes 2606, 10325

The Inner Meaning of the Prophets and Psalms 201

Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcanes Célestes 367, 1197, 3995, 4171, 6419, 6804, 9340, ...

L’Apocalypse Révélée 343, 612

References from Swedenborg's unpublished works:

Apocalypse Explained 419, 532, 601, 746, 817, 850

Scriptural Confirmations 9, 75

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The Philistines play a large role in the Bible as one of the longest-standing and most bitter rivals of the people of Israel, clashing with them in repeated wars.

Swedenborg tells us that the Philistines were a remnant of the Ancient Church, or church of Noah, but had turned the deep wisdom of that church into a worship that focused solely on knowledge of religious ideas and the details of ritual, with no concept of putting religious ideas to work in living a good life. People would be esteemed for their knowledge, no matter how evil they might be in their lives. This was a particularly attractive trap for the people of Israel, who lived in a state of obedience to a long list of spiritually meaningful rules. It was easy for them to forget about the “obedience” part and focus instead on the “rules” part, which made them akin to the Philistines.

This is also a threat to us in our own lives. We need to remember that simply knowing a lot and believing the right things will not make us good people – we have to use that knowledge to treat other people in a loving, caring way.

(Odkazy: Arcana Coelestia 1197, 3412 [1-2], 8093)