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Amos 1

French: Martin (1744)         

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1 Les paroles d'Amos, qui était d'entre les bergers de Tékoah, lesquelles [il entendit] dans une vision touchant Israël, du temps d'Hozias Roi de Juda, et de Jéroboam fils de Joas, Roi d'Israël, deux ans avant le tremblement de terre.

2 Il dit donc : L'Eternel rugira de Sion, et fera ouïr sa voix de Jérusalem, et les cabanes des bergers lamenteront, et le sommet de Carmel séchera.

3 Ainsi a dit l'Eternel : à cause de trois crimes de Damas, même à cause de quatre, je ne rappellerai point cela, [mais je le ferai] parce qu'ils ont froissé Galaad avec des herses de fer.

4 Et j'enverrai le feu à la maison de Hazaël, et il dévorera le palais de Benhadad.

5 Je briserai aussi la barre de Damas, et j'exterminerai de Bikhath-aven ses habitants, et de la maison d'Héden celui qui y tient le sceptre; et le peuple de Syrie sera transporté à Kir, a dit l'Eternel.

6 Ainsi a dit l'Eternel : à cause de trois crimes de Gaza, même à cause de quatre, je ne rappellerai point cela; [mais je le ferai] parce qu'ils ont transporté ceux [de Juda] en une captivité entière, jusqu'à les livrer à Edom.

7 Et j'enverrai le feu à la muraille de Gaza, et il dévorera ses palais.

8 Et j'exterminerai d'Asdod ses habitants, et d'Askélon celui qui y tient le sceptre; puis je tournerai ma main sur Hékron, et le reste des Philistins périra, a dit le Seigneur l'Eternel.

9 Ainsi a dit l'Eternel : à cause de trois crimes de Tyr, même à cause de quatre, je ne rappellerai point cela, [mais je le ferai] parce qu'ils ont livré ceux de Juda en une captivité entière à Edom, et ne se sont point souvenus de l'alliance fraternelle.

10 Et j'enverrai le feu à la muraille de Tyr, et il dévorera ses palais.

11 Ainsi a dit l'Eternel : à cause de trois crimes d'Edom, même à cause de quatre, je ne rappellerai point cela; [mais je le ferai] parce qu'il a poursuivi son frère avec l'épée, et qu'il a altéré ses compassions, et que sa colère déchire continuellement, et qu'il garde sa fureur à toujours.

12 Et j'enverrai le feu en Téman, et il dévorera les palais de Botsra.

13 Ainsi a dit l'Eternel : à cause de trois crimes des enfants de Hammon, même à cause de quatre, je ne rappellerai point cela; [mais je le ferai] parce que pour élargir leurs bornes ils ont fendu en Galaad le ventre des femmes enceintes.

14 Et j'allumerai le feu, avec alarme au jour de la bataille, avec tourbillon au jour de la tempête, en la muraille de Rabba, et il dévorera ses palais.

15 Et leur Roi ira en captivité, et avec lui les principaux de son pays, a dit l'Eternel.

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Exploring the Meaning of Amos 1      

By Rev. George McCurdy

The Internal Meaning of Amos, Chapter 1.

Verses 1-2 describe the Lord teaching us about the Word and doctrine from the Word. In this book of the Bible, the prophet Amos symbolizes the Lord. Amos was a shepherd, and of course that metaphor is used to describe the Lord Jesus Christ, too, in the New Testament.

The book of Amos describes the Lord's anger and impatience with the Children of Israel - in the literal sense. Inside, though, it is really a story of the Lord’s great love and concern for us. This is a book of promise: The Lord will triumph over hell’s quest to dominate us and destroy the gift of salvation. This victory is not an occasional interest of the Lord’s; He has an “ardent zeal” to protect us.

In verse 2, the roaring of the Lord from Zion and the uttering of His voice from Jerusalem teach us several things about Him in this context:
- He has grievous distress for His church and people.
- He has an ardent zeal for protecting heaven and the church.
- He warns of coming vastations.
- He points to the drying up of our “Mount Carmel” and the effects this will have on our “vineyards.”

There are different ways to destroy true ideas and good loves. Verses 3-15 in this chapter describe the different ways that people do this.

Verses 3-5 are talking about people who pervert knowledges from the Word, knowledges which help us form true, useful doctrine. When people successfully corrupt knowledge from the Word, they also undermine the good that would come from that knowledge. But, these people will perish, spiritually.

Verses 6-8 describe people who apply the Word to create or reinforce heretical false ideas. That's not a good thing to do; they will perish, too.

Verses 9-10 address people who pervert knowledges [cognitiones] of good and truth, and thereby injure the external sense of the Word.

Verses 11-12 are about people who pervert the sense of the letter of the Word by falsity, by which doctrine perishes.

Finally, verses 13-15 describe people who falsify the truths of the sense of the letter of the Word: they do not resist in the day of combat, but destroy the truth of doctrine.

What are we to make of this? One take-away is that the Lord loves us, and wants to protect us. Another is that he wants us to carefully read the Word and seek the truths in it - those in the literal sense, and those in the internal sense. From these we should form sound doctrine, and develop good loves that can be built on true ideas.

For further reading, see Arcana Coelestia 2606, 10325, and The Inner Meaning of the Prophets and Psalms 201.

Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcanes Célestes 2606, 10325

The Inner Meaning of the Prophets and Psalms 201


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcanes Célestes 367, 1197, 3995, 4171, 6419, 6804, 9340, ...

L’Apocalypse Révélée 343, 612


References from Swedenborg's unpublished works:

Apocalypse Explained 419, 532, 601, 746, 817, 850

Scriptural Confirmations 9, 75

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Word/Phrase Explanations

Israël
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

Roi
The human mind is composed of two parts, a will and an understanding, a seat of loves and affections, and a seat of wisdom and...

Juda
City of Judah,' as in Isaiah 40:9, signifies the doctrine of love towards the Lord and love towards our neighbor in its whole extent.

Fils
'A son,' as in Genesis 5:28, signifies the rise of a new church. 'Son,' as in Genesis 24:3, signifies the Lord’s rationality regarding good. 'A...

avant
In most cases, the meaning of "before" is pretty straightforward, both as a way of assessing relative time, and in its use meaning "in someone's...

dit
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

l'eternel
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

voix
'Voice' signifies what is announced from the Word. 'Voice' often refers and is applied to things that cannot have a voice, as in Exodus 4,...

jérusalem
Jerusalem first comes to or attention in II Samuel, chapter 5 where King David takes it from the Jebusites and makes it his capital. In...

bergers
The Writings tell us that shepherds represent those who lead and teach others, using knowledge and true ideas to help people reach the goodness of...

carmel
Carmel (Isa. 16:10) signifies the good of the church. Carmel also signifies the celestial church. (Isa. 35:2.)

trois
'Thirteen,' between twelve and fourteen, denotes the intermediate state. 'Thirteen,' as the sum of ten and three, denotes remains.

crimes
In the Word three terms are used to mean bad things that are done. These three are transgression, iniquity, and sin, and they are here...

Damas
Damascus and Aroer (Isaiah 17:1, 2) signify the knowledges of truth and good. See Eliezer of Damascus.

quatre
The number "four" in the Bible represents things being linked together or joined. This is partly because four is two times two, and two represents...

fer
'Iron,' in Deuteronomy 8:9, signifies natural or rational truth. Iron' signifies natural truth, and consequently, the natural sense of the Word. At the same time,...

Feu
Just as natural fire can be both comforting in keeping you warm or scary in burning down your house, so fire in the spiritual sense...

maison
A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

syrie
'Syria,' as in Ezekiel 27:16, signifies the church regarding knowledges of truth and good.

gaza
Gaza (or Azzah) signifies things revealed concerning charity.

edom
'Edom' or 'Idumea,' as in Isaiah 34:5, signifies those who are in evil and in falsities thence derived.

main
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

philistins
The Philistines play a large role in the Bible as one of the longest-standing and most bitter rivals of the people of Israel, clashing with...

Tyr
'Tyre,' as in Ezekiel 27:13-14, represents people with knowledge of celestial and spiritual things.

poursuivi
'To pursue,' as in Genesis 14:16, signifies a state of purification, because 'to pursue enemies' is the expulsion of evils and falsities which were with...

frère
Brethren (Gen. 27:29) signify the affections of good.

épée
A 'sword,' in the Word, signifies the truth of faith combating and the vastation of truth. In an opposite sense, it signifies falsity combating and...

colère
'Wrath,' as in Genesis 49:7, signifies aversion from truth. 'Great wrath,' as in Revelation 12:12, signifies hatred against the new church.

garde
"Keeping" in the Bible generally has to do with controlling the actual actions of life, though in some cases it can mean holding something away...

les palais
'A palace,' as in Psalm 144:12, represents the understanding in which truths have a beautiful form. They have a beautiful form when they are from...

Botsra
Bosrah, as in Isaiah 63:1 signifies a vintage, which is predicated concerning truth. Bozrah has respect to the divine truth, and Edom, to the divine...

Enfants
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

enceintes
To be with child, (Gen. 38:24), signifies to produce something.

jour
"Day" describes a state in which we are turned toward the Lord, and are receiving light (which is truth) and heat (which is a desire...

bataille
War in the Word represents the combat of temptation when what is good is assaulted by what is evil or false. The evil that attacks...

rabba
Rabbath

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2 Chroniques 21:16

French: Martin (1744)         

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16 L'Eternel souleva donc contre Joram l'esprit des Philistins, et des Arabes qui habitent près des Ethiopiens;

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2 Chroniques 26:7

Amos 1:6

Word/Phrase Explanations

philistins
The Philistines play a large role in the Bible as one of the longest-standing and most bitter rivals of the people of Israel, clashing with...


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