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Hosea 4

Finnish: Pyhä Raamattu (1933/1938)         

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1 Kuulkaa Herran sana, te israelilaiset, sillä Herralla on oikeudenkäynti maan asukasten kanssa; sillä ei ole uskollisuutta, ei laupeutta eikä Jumalan tuntemusta maassa.

2 Vannotaan ja valhetellaan, murhataan, varastetaan ja rikotaan aviot, murtaudutaan taloihin, ja verityö verityötä seuraa.

3 Sentähden maa murehtii, ja kaikki siinä asuvaiset nääntyvät, metsän eläimet ja taivaan linnut; myöskin kalat merestä katoavat.

4 Älköön vain kukaan nuhdelko, älköön kukaan ojentako, vaikka sinun kansasi on kuin pappien nuhtelijoita!

5 Niin sinä kompastut päivällä, myös profeetta kompastuu yhdessä sinun kanssasi yöllä; ja minä hävitän sinun äitisi.

6 Minun kansani joutuu häviöön, sillä se on taitoa vailla. Koska sinä olet hyljännyt taidon, hylkään minä sinut, niin ettet saa olla minun pappinani. Koska olet unhottanut Jumalasi lain, unhotan myös minä sinun lapsesi.

7 Niin paljon kuin heitä on, niin paljon he ovat tehneet syntiä minua vastaan. Minä muutan heidän kunniansa häpeäksi.

8 Minun kansani synnistä he saavat ruokansa, heidän pahoja tekojansa heidän sielunsa himoitsee.

9 Mutta papin on käyvä niinkuin kansankin: minä rankaisen häntä hänen vaelluksestansa ja kostan hänelle hänen tekonsa.

10 He syövät, mutta eivät tule ravituiksi, he harjoittavat haureutta, mutta eivät lisäänny, sillä he eivät ole tahtoneet ottaa vaaria Herrasta.

11 Haureus ja viini ja rypälemehu vievät järjen.

12 Minun kansani kysyy puultansa, ja sen sauva sille vastaa; sillä haureuden henki on eksyttäväinen: haureudessa he ovat luopuneet tottelemasta Jumalaansa.

13 Vuorten huipuilla he uhraavat, polttavat uhreja kukkuloilla, rautatammen, haavan ja tammen alla, sillä niiden varjo on suloinen. Sentähden tulee teidän tyttäristänne porttoja, ja teidän miniänne rikkovat avion.

14 En minä rankaise teidän tyttäriänne siitä, että he porttoja ovat, enkä miniöitänne siitä, että he avion rikkovat, sillä miehet itse poikkeavat syrjään porttojen kanssa ja uhraavat pyhäkköporttojen kanssa; ja ymmärtämätön kansa kukistuu.

15 Jos sinä, Israel, harjoitatkin haureutta, älköön Juuda saattako itseänsä syynalaiseksi: älkää lähtekö Gilgaliin, älkää menkö ylös Beet-Aaveniin älkääkä vannoko: "Niin totta kuin Herra elää".

16 Sillä niinkuin niskuri lehmä on Israel niskoitellut; nyt on Herra kaitseva heitä niinkuin karitsaa laajalla laitumella.

17 Efraim on liitossa epäjumalain kanssa-anna hänen olla.

18 Kun heidän juopottelunsa on lopussa, he harjoittavat törkeätä haureutta. Ne, jotka ovat hänen kilpensä, rakastavat häpeätä.

19 Tuuli siivillänsä ahdistaa häntä, he saavat häpeän uhriaterioistansa.

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Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

The Inner Meaning of the Prophets and Psalms 187


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcana Coelestia 374, 627, 643, 991, 1613, 2466, 3122, ...

Apocalypse Revealed 134, 290, 316, 405, 485, 567, 721, ...

The Lord 48

Sacred Scripture 79

Doctrine of Life 2, 79

Heaven and Hell 471

True Christian Religion 156, 314, 376, 440, 643


References from Swedenborg's unpublished works:

Apocalypse Explained 79, 98, 141, 250, 283, 324, 342, ...

Hop to Similar Bible Verses

Leviticus 6:22

Numbers 25:3

Deuteronomy 17:12, 32:15

Joshua 5:9, 7:2

Judges 18:5

1 Kings 12:29

2 Kings 17:7, 23:7

2 Chronicles 21:11

Psalms 18:27, 81:9

Proverbs 6:32, 11:31, 20:1

Isaiah 1:29, 24:2, 4, 27:11, 28:7, 44:20, 50:1, 57:5

Jeremiah 2:9, 4:11, 22, 28, 5:2, 7, 6:15, 9:7, 9, 12, 11:7, 23:13, 31:18

Ezekiel 13:9, 16:15, 20:32, 44:10, 12

Hosea 5:1, 4, 8, 6:10, 7:11, 8:12, 9:1, 15, 17, 10:5, 6, 10, 11:2, 12:1, 3, 12, 13:15

Joel 1:2

Amos 3:1, 5:5, 13, 16

Micah 3:5, 6:2, 14

Zephaniah 1:3, 5

Haggai 6

Zechariah 7:11

Word/Phrase Explanations

sana
'Word,' as in Psalms 119:6-17, stands for doctrine in general. 'The Word,' as in Psalms 147:18, signifies divine good united with divine truth. 'Word,' as...

israelilaiset
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

jumalan
The Lord is love itself, expressed in the form of wisdom itself. Love, then, is His essence, His inmost. Wisdom - the loving understanding of...

maa
'Lands' of different nations are used in the Word to signify the different kinds of love prevalent in the inhabitants.

murehtii
In a general sense, mourning in the Bible represents a state of grief over the lack of desires for good and true ideas about life....

profeetta
The idea of a "prophet" is very closely tied to the idea of the Bible itself, since the Bible was largely written by prophets. At...

koska
The symbolic meaning of "seeing" is "understanding," which is obvious enough that it has become part of common language (think about it; you might see...

papin
Priests' represent the Lord regarding His divine good. When they do not acknowledge the Lord, they lose their signification of the Lord.

viini
Wine played a key role in the ancient world, where safe, reliable water sources were scarce. It could be stored for long periods of time;...

alla
Generally speaking things that are seen as lower physically in the Bible represent things that are lower or more external spiritually. In some cases this...

varjo
'The shadow is good' of the oak, poplar and elm means complacence.

porttojen
'A harlot' signifies the affection of falsities, thus the church corrupted.

Gilgaliin
Gilgal signifies the doctrine of natural truth, serving for introduction into the church.

herra
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

lehmä
'The heifer whereby labor has not been done,' as mentioned in Deuteronomy 21:3, signifies the innocence of the external self, which is in ignorance. 'The...

tuuli
Because a nearer and stronger divine influx through the heavens disperses truths among the wicked, 'wind' signifies this dispersion of truth and the resulting conjunction...

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Apocalypse Revealed # 405

Apocalypse Revealed (Rogers translation)      

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405. And a third of the living creatures in the sea died. (8:9) This symbolically means that those who had lived that faith and continued to live it could not be reformed and receive life.

A third symbolizes all such, as said above. Creatures mean people who can be reformed (no. 290). The reason is that to create means, symbolically, to reform (no. 254). Their living means, symbolically, to be able by reformation to receive life. That they died means, symbolically, that people who live that faith alone cannot receive life. They cannot, because people are all reformed by a faith united to charity, thus by a faith accompanying charity, and none by faith alone; for charity is the life of faith.

(Odkazy: Ezekiel 47:8-11)


[2] Since in the spiritual world the affections and consequent perceptions and thoughts of spirits and angels appear at a distance in the forms of animals or creatures on the earth called beasts, of creatures in the air called birds, and of creatures in the sea called fish, therefore the Word so often mentions beasts, birds, and fish, which nevertheless have precisely the meaning stated. So for example in the following places:

...Jehovah has a quarrel with the inhabitants of the land, for there is no truth or mercy or knowledge of God... And everyone who dwells in it will waste away along with the beast of the field and the bird of the air; even the fish of the sea will be gathered up. (Hosea 4:1, 3)

I will consume man and beast..., the bird of the heavens, the fish of the sea, ...the stumbling blocks along with the impious... (Zephaniah 1:3)

There shall be a great earthquake in the land of Israel, and the fish of the sea, the bird of the heavens, and the beast of the field... shall tremble before Me. (Ezekiel 38:18-20)

You have made Him to have dominion over the works of Your hands; You have put all things under his feet... the beasts of the fields, the bird of the air, and the fish of the sea that pass through the path of the seas. (Psalms 8:6-8)

The latter is said of the Lord.

Pray ask the beasts, and they will teach you; or the birds of the air, and they will inform you...; and the fish of the sea will tell you. Who of all these does not know that the hand of Jehovah has done this? (Job 12:7-9)

And in many other places as well.

(Odkazy: Acts of the Apostles 12:7-9)


[3] Fish, moreover, and creatures of the sea, as they are called here, mean the affections and consequent thoughts of such people as are concerned with general truths, and so who take more from a natural source than from a spiritual one. These people are meant by fish in the preceding passages, and also in the following ones:

By My rebuke I dry up the sea, I make the rivers a wilderness; their fish stink... and die of thirst. (Isaiah 50:2)

...the king of Egypt, a great whale, you who lie in the midst of your rivers, you said, "The river is mine; I made myself..".. (Therefore) I will cause the fish of your rivers to stick to your scales..., and I will leave you in the wilderness, you and all the fish of your rivers. (Ezekiel 29:3-5)

This was addressed to the king of Egypt, because Egypt symbolizes the natural level divorced from the spiritual one, and so the fish of his rivers mean people governed by doctrines, who because of them are caught up in faith separated from charity, a faith that is simply knowledge.

Because of that separation, moreover, one of the miracles in Egypt was the turning of their waters into blood, so that the fish died (Exodus 7:17-25, Psalms 105:29).

[4] Furthermore:

Why do You make mankind like fish of the sea...? Everyone draws them up with a hook, and gathers them in a net... (Habakkuk 1:14-16)

Fish here stand for people concerned with general truths and caught up in faith divorced from charity. In contrast, fish stand for people concerned with general truths and governed by a faith conjoined with charity in Ezekiel:

He said to me: "These waters flowing to the eastern boundary... enter the sea, (from which comes) every living soul that creeps... and very much fish... ...fishermen will stand by it... with a spreading of their nets. Its fish will be of the same kinds as the fish of the Great Sea, exceedingly many. (Ezekiel 47:1, 8-10)

In Matthew:

(Jesus said,) the kingdom of heaven is like a net cast into the sea, and they gathered (fish).... And they put the good ones into vessels and threw the bad away. (Matthew 13:47-49)

And in Jeremiah:

I will bring (the children of Israel) back into their land... And I will send for many fishermen...(who) shall fish them. (Jeremiah 16:15-16)

(Odkazy: Jeremiah 16:16; Matthew 13:47-48)


[5] Consequently, anyone who knows that fish symbolize people and things of the kind stated, can see the following: Why the Lord chose fishermen to be His disciples, and said,

Come after Me, and I will make you fishers of men. (Matthew 4:18-19)

Why the disciples, with the Lord's blessing, caught a huge multitude of fish, and the Lord said to Peter,

Do not be afraid. From now on you will catch men. (Luke 5:2-10)

Why, when they wished to exact tribute from the Lord, He told Peter to go to the sea and draw out a fish, and to give them the coin found in it for Him and for himself (Matthew 16:24-27).

Why, after His resurrection, the Lord gave His disciples fish and bread to eat (John 21:2-13).

And why He told them to "go into all the world and preach the gospel to every creature" (Mark 16:15). For the nations they were converting possessed only general truths, and were concerned more with natural things than spiritual ones.

(Odkazy: Ezekiel 47:8-11; Jeremiah 16:16; Mark 1:16-17; Matthew 17:24-27)

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From Swedenborg's Works

Inbound References:

Apocalypse Revealed 290, 387, 406, 659, 723, 786, 869

Interaction of the Soul and Body 20

True Christian Religion 635

Other New Christian Commentary

Thanks to the General Church of the New Jerusalem for the permission to use this translation.


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