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Hosea 4

Finnish: Pyhä Raamattu (1933/1938)         

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1 Kuulkaa Herran sana, te israelilaiset, sillä Herralla on oikeudenkäynti maan asukasten kanssa; sillä ei ole uskollisuutta, ei laupeutta eikä Jumalan tuntemusta maassa.

2 Vannotaan ja valhetellaan, murhataan, varastetaan ja rikotaan aviot, murtaudutaan taloihin, ja verityö verityötä seuraa.

3 Sentähden maa murehtii, ja kaikki siinä asuvaiset nääntyvät, metsän eläimet ja taivaan linnut; myöskin kalat merestä katoavat.

4 Älköön vain kukaan nuhdelko, älköön kukaan ojentako, vaikka sinun kansasi on kuin pappien nuhtelijoita!

5 Niin sinä kompastut päivällä, myös profeetta kompastuu yhdessä sinun kanssasi yöllä; ja minä hävitän sinun äitisi.

6 Minun kansani joutuu häviöön, sillä se on taitoa vailla. Koska sinä olet hyljännyt taidon, hylkään minä sinut, niin ettet saa olla minun pappinani. Koska olet unhottanut Jumalasi lain, unhotan myös minä sinun lapsesi.

7 Niin paljon kuin heitä on, niin paljon he ovat tehneet syntiä minua vastaan. Minä muutan heidän kunniansa häpeäksi.

8 Minun kansani synnistä he saavat ruokansa, heidän pahoja tekojansa heidän sielunsa himoitsee.

9 Mutta papin on käyvä niinkuin kansankin: minä rankaisen häntä hänen vaelluksestansa ja kostan hänelle hänen tekonsa.

10 He syövät, mutta eivät tule ravituiksi, he harjoittavat haureutta, mutta eivät lisäänny, sillä he eivät ole tahtoneet ottaa vaaria Herrasta.

11 Haureus ja viini ja rypälemehu vievät järjen.

12 Minun kansani kysyy puultansa, ja sen sauva sille vastaa; sillä haureuden henki on eksyttäväinen: haureudessa he ovat luopuneet tottelemasta Jumalaansa.

13 Vuorten huipuilla he uhraavat, polttavat uhreja kukkuloilla, rautatammen, haavan ja tammen alla, sillä niiden varjo on suloinen. Sentähden tulee teidän tyttäristänne porttoja, ja teidän miniänne rikkovat avion.

14 En minä rankaise teidän tyttäriänne siitä, että he porttoja ovat, enkä miniöitänne siitä, että he avion rikkovat, sillä miehet itse poikkeavat syrjään porttojen kanssa ja uhraavat pyhäkköporttojen kanssa; ja ymmärtämätön kansa kukistuu.

15 Jos sinä, Israel, harjoitatkin haureutta, älköön Juuda saattako itseänsä syynalaiseksi: älkää lähtekö Gilgaliin, älkää menkö ylös Beet-Aaveniin älkääkä vannoko: "Niin totta kuin Herra elää".

16 Sillä niinkuin niskuri lehmä on Israel niskoitellut; nyt on Herra kaitseva heitä niinkuin karitsaa laajalla laitumella.

17 Efraim on liitossa epäjumalain kanssa-anna hänen olla.

18 Kun heidän juopottelunsa on lopussa, he harjoittavat törkeätä haureutta. Ne, jotka ovat hänen kilpensä, rakastavat häpeätä.

19 Tuuli siivillänsä ahdistaa häntä, he saavat häpeän uhriaterioistansa.

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Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

The Inner Meaning of the Prophets and Psalms 187


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcana Coelestia 374, 627, 643, 991, 1613, 2466, 3122, ...

Apocalypse Revealed 134, 290, 316, 405, 485, 567, 721, ...

Doctrine of the Lord 48

Sacred Scripture 79

Doctrine of Life 2, 79

Heaven and Hell 471

True Christian Religion 156, 314, 376, 440, 643


References from Swedenborg's unpublished works:

Apocalypse Explained 79, 98, 141, 250, 283, 324, 342, ...

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Zephaniah 1:3, 5

Haggai 6

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Word/Phrase Explanations

sana
'Word,' as in Psalms 119:6-17, stands for doctrine in general. 'The Word,' as in Psalms 147:18, signifies divine good united with divine truth. 'Word,' as...

israelilaiset
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

jumalan
The Lord is love itself, expressed in the form of wisdom itself. Love, then, is His essence, His inmost. Wisdom - the loving understanding of...

maa
'Lands' of different nations are used in the Word to signify the different kinds of love prevalent in the inhabitants.

murehtii
In a general sense, mourning in the Bible represents a state of grief over the lack of desires for good and true ideas about life....

profeetta
The idea of a "prophet" is very closely tied to the idea of the Bible itself, since the Bible was largely written by prophets. At...

koska
The symbolic meaning of "seeing" is "understanding," which is obvious enough that it has become part of common language (think about it; you might see...

papin
Priests' represent the Lord regarding His divine good. When they do not acknowledge the Lord, they lose their signification of the Lord.

viini
Wine played a key role in the ancient world, where safe, reliable water sources were scarce. It could be stored for long periods of time;...

alla
Generally speaking things that are seen as lower physically in the Bible represent things that are lower or more external spiritually. In some cases this...

varjo
'The shadow is good' of the oak, poplar and elm means complacence.

porttojen
'A harlot' signifies the affection of falsities, thus the church corrupted.

Gilgaliin
Gilgal signifies the doctrine of natural truth, serving for introduction into the church.

herra
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

lehmä
'The heifer whereby labor has not been done,' as mentioned in Deuteronomy 21:3, signifies the innocence of the external self, which is in ignorance. 'The...

tuuli
Because a nearer and stronger divine influx through the heavens disperses truths among the wicked, 'wind' signifies this dispersion of truth and the resulting conjunction...

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Hosea 9:1

Finnish: Pyhä Raamattu (1933/1938)         

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1 Älä iloitse, Israel, älä riemuitse, niinkuin muut kansat, sillä sinä olet haureudessa luopunut Jumalastasi, olet rakastanut portonpalkkoja kaikilla viljan puimatanterilla.

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Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

The Inner Meaning of the Prophets and Psalms 192


Další odkazy Swedenborga k tomuto verši:

Arcana Coelestia 2466, 2588, 6537, 8904

Apocalypse Revealed 503, 651


References from Swedenborg's unpublished works:

Apocalypse Explained 654, 695, 922

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Jeremiah 2:19, 20

Ezekiel 16:15, 30

Hosea 4:12

Word/Phrase Explanations

Israel
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

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Apocalypse Explained # 887

Apocalypse Explained (Whitehead translation)      

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887. Verse 10. Even he shall drink of the wine of the anger of God mixed with unmixed wine in the cup of His wrath, signifies appropriation of falsity and its evil, conjoined with falsified truths from the sense of the letter of the Word. This is evident from the signification of "to drink," as being to take in and to appropriate to oneself (see above , n. 617; also from the signification of "wine," as being truth from good, and in the contrary sense falsity from evil (see above, n. 376); also from the signification of "anger," as being evil, because evil is angry against good and wishes to destroy it (see n. 693, 754). It is said "the anger of God," but anger against God is meant, as in many passages where anger and wrath and evil in general are attributed to God (see n. 481, 647; so here, "to drink the wine of the anger of God" signifies to take in and appropriate falsity and its evil. The taking in and appropriation of evil is effected by faith separated from good works, because when goods of life, which are good works, are set aside as not justifying, thus as not saving, evils take their place; for so far as goods withdraw evils enter, "for no one can serve two masters," namely, evil and good, at the same time. The above is evident also from the signification of "mixed with unmixed wine," as being to be conjoined with falsified truths (of which presently); also from the signification of "cup," as being an external container of truth, thus the Word in the sense of its letter; for when "wine" signifies truth, "cup" signifies that which contains it, and the sense of the letter of the Word is the containant of truth, both natural and spiritual. (That "cup" has a similar signification as "wine," that is, what it contains, and that it signifies the containant, can be seen from the passages in the Word where "cup," "chalice," "goblet," and "vial" are mentioned, which will be cited in the explanation of chapters 16 and 17 that follows.) As "cup" signifies the external or containant of truth, thus the sense of the letter of the Word, and as this is falsified by those who are in the doctrine and at the same time in the life of faith separated, so it is called "the cup of God's wrath." The "anger" and the "wrath" of God are here mentioned as in many other passages of the Word, and "anger" means the love and desire for evil in man; and "wrath" the love and desire for falsity in him, for "anger" is predicated of evil, and "wrath" of falsity (see above, n. 481 at the end). All this makes clear that "the wine mixed with unmixed wine in the cup of the wrath of God" signifies conjunction with falsified truths from the sense of the letter of the Word.

(Odkazy: Revelation 14:10; The Apocalypse Explained 376, 481, The Apocalypse Explained 617, 647, 693, 754)


[2] "To mix with unmixed wine" signifies to be conjoined with falsified truths of the Word, because "unmixed wine" means intoxicating wine, and thus intoxication, consequently in the spiritual sense delirium in respect to truths induced by falsities, for delirium in respect to truths induced by falsities is spiritual intoxication. Moreover, the word in the original translated "unmixed wine" is derived from a word that means to be intoxicated. As this is the signification of "unmixed wine," and those who falsify the Word are spiritually drunken, that is, are in a state of delirium in respect to truths, the two passages where "unmixed wine" is mentioned in the Word treat of the falsification of truth, as in Isaiah and Hosea.

[3] In Isaiah:

How hath the faithful city become a harlot; she was full of judgment, justice lodged in her; but now murderers. Thy silver hath become dross, thy unmixed wine mixed with waters (Isaiah 1:21, 22).

A "harlot" signifies everywhere in the Word falsified truth (see above, n. 141, 161); and "city" signifies doctrine; so "the faithful city becoming a harlot" signifies that doctrine that had previously been the doctrine of genuine truth has become the doctrine of falsified truth. "She was full of judgment, justice lodged in her," signifies where the truth of doctrine and the good of love had been abundant, for "judgment" is predicated in the Word of the truth of doctrine and the understanding, and "justice" of the good of love and of the will; "but now murderers" signifies that falsification has extinguished the understanding of truth and the perception of good. (That this is the signification of a "murderer" may be seen above, n. 589.) "Thy silver hath become dross" signifies that genuine truth has been changed into falsity; "thy unmixed wine mixed with waters" signifies that truth has been made vile and destroyed by falsifying it.

(Odkazy: Hosea 4:17-18; Isaiah 1:21-22; The Apocalypse Explained 141, 161, The Apocalypse Explained 589)


[4] In Hosea:

Ephraim is associated with idols, let him alone. Their wine 1 is gone; in whoring they have committed whoredom, they are given up to love (Hosea 4:17, 18).

"Ephraim" signifies the understanding of the truth of the church, "idols" signify the falsities of religion. This makes clear what is signified by "Ephraim is associated with idols." "Let him alone" signifies the rejection of the falsities of that religion by the church. "Their wine 1 is gone" signifies that the truth of the Word has perished; "in whoring they have committed whoredom" signifies the falsification of that truth; "they are given up to love" signifies the love of falsity. All this makes clear what is signified in particular by "unmixed wine."

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Footnotes:

1.  The Hebrew is the same expression as that used in the preceding passage translated "unmixed wine" merum, but Swedenborg has vinum, "wine."

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(Odkazy: Hosea 4:17-18)

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References from Swedenborg's unpublished works:

Apocalypse Explained 882, 923, 1045, 1116

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Thanks to the Swedenborg Foundation for their permission to use this translation.


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